Military Review

Submachine gun CP-2 "Heather"

In the 1980s, the armies of the countries of the NATO bloc underwent a review of how to use small arms weapons army units belonging to the "second echelon". The consequence of this was the emergence of the concept of PDW - Personal Defense Weapon, translated into Russian, "individual defense weapon." The PDW concept envisaged the development of small-sized small-arms automatic weapons, which planned to arm the calculations of artillery guns and anti-aircraft rocket launchers, car drivers, crews of combat vehicles, etc. That is, those military personnel for whom small arms are not the main ones and are used only as a means of self-defense.

In the USSR, the development of self-defense weapons was also given attention, but special programs like PDW were never announced here. In addition, for these purposes, at the time, the APS, the Stechkin automatic pistol, was well suited. And at the end of the 70-ies the AKS-74U machine gun was adopted. It was used for the same purposes as foreign counterparts, but because of its significant weight and size characteristics, it did not pull on the real PDW.

A breakthrough in the development of such weapons in Russia came only in the second half of the 1990-s. It was accompanied by the development of a new Russian pistol cartridge 9х21 mm at TsNIItochmash, which was distinguished by high slaughter and penetrating action. At the same time, an increase in the damaging capabilities of the bullet was achieved not only by increasing the initial speed of its flight, but also by the special design of the cartridge. The new cartridge 9x21 mm, according to developers, had to completely replace the standard cartridge 9x18 mm to the Makarov pistol (PM). Especially for the new cartridge, the specialists of TsNIItochmash designed the CP-1 pistol (the unofficial name “Gurza”).

Submachine gun CP-2 "Heather"

The success achieved while creating a pistol for a new cartridge allowed the specialists from Klimovsk to start work on another promising model, which later received the designation CP-2 “Heather” submachine gun. The development of the submachine gun was completed in 1999 year. At present, Veresk is in service with the FSO of Russia, the FSB (detachment of the Vympel), as well as a number of special units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (for example, in the Moscow riot police).

Naturally, while working on a new automatic weapon for a completely new cartridge, the designers of the company analyzed and reviewed several different automation schemes. The use of a powerful patron required uncommon decisions from them. They chose a comparatively rare automation system for this type of weapon, which provided for the removal of some of the powder gases from the barrel bore, and the barrel was locked by turning the bolt. Due to the lack of funding for the creation of a submachine gun was delayed, the first prototypes were ready only in the middle of 1998 year.

It should be noted that initially "Heather" was developed to solve a wide range of tasks. Among them - the defeat of enemy personnel in personal protective equipment of the 2 class at a distance of up to 200 meters, as well as unarmored vehicles at a distance of up to 100 meters. For this purpose it was planned to use several types of different 9x21 cartridges with different bullets: SP10 (increased armor penetration with a bullet with a special steel core); SP11 (with a malorekoshiruyusha bullet, having a lead core). SP12 (expansive bullet with increased stopping power); SP13 (tracer bullet). According to weapons experts, the damaging effect of the SP-11 and SP-13 cartridges was 1,5-2 times higher than that of the cartridges of the widely used PM. The use of an armor piercing bullet allows you to punch an 100-mm steel sheet with a 4% guarantee at a distance of up to 70 meters.

Submachine gun "Heather" significantly expands the tactical capabilities of the gun "Gyurza." At one time, the SP-10 armor-piercing cartridge, the SP-11А ordinary cartridge, the Gyurza pistol and the Heather submachine gun, as well as the collimator scope that was unique for them, were presented to the TsNIItochmash as a special shooting complex of increased efficiency, mainly intended for employees of special services . Accuracy of defeat, power and ammunition of software "Heather" are sufficient in order to achieve a qualitative advantage over the enemy. When using this complex, a preemptive effect is also achieved with a possible fire duel. The use of collimator sights provides a fairly high aiming speed - in 2-3 times faster than using traditional "muscular" sights.

The submachine gun "Heather" operates on the basis of vapor-automatic and has a long working stroke of the gas piston. At the same time, the gas piston placed above the barrel is rigidly connected to the bolt carrier. The piston is hollow; a return spring is placed inside the piston by the front part. The barrel is locked by cutouts located in the receiver, by turning the bolt with the 6 lugs. At the time of the shot, the gas piston and bolt carrier retract, turning the bolt. After that, the barrel of the submachine gun is unlocked and the shot cartridge case is ejected, then the bolt is sent to the chamber of the next cartridge and the barrel bore is locked. In this case, the automation system with rigid locking of the barrel in modern pistol-machine guns is very rare. This decision was due to the use of a powerful cartridge. Cocking handle rigidly attached to the bolt on the right.

In front of the forearm CP-2 "Heather" is a hold handle. The submachine gun uses a trigger-type firing mechanism that allows firing both in bursts and single shots. The safety lever is located on the receiver on the right and has two positions that are marked with the letters “P” - fuse and “O” - fire. The lever of translation of types of fire is located on the left side. Like the fuse, it also has 2 positions, which are marked with one and three points - single and automatic fire, respectively. The submachine gun is equipped with a folding metal butt that folds to the top in the stowed position.

Butt "Heather" has a spring-loaded butt pad, which reduces the time of transfer of weapons from the marching to the combat position for firing with an emphasis on the shoulder. The method of placing the stock in the folded state reduces the lateral dimensions of the weapon. Together with the machine gun "Heather" can be used detachable box magazine on 20 or 30 cartridges. The location of cartridges in the shops - chess. Box magazines are installed in the pistol grip fire control.

The sighting device CP-2 consists of a front sight and a two-position rotary rear sight, which can be set to 100 and 200 meters. The sight sight is placed in a high rack, it can be moved in the vertical and horizontal plane to bring the submachine gun to normal combat. Also on the top of the receiver is a bracket that can be used to install a collimator sight. Its use greatly facilitates the process of pointing weapons at a target, especially in low light and when shooting at moving targets.

In the muzzle of the barrel of a submachine gun there is a compensator, on top of this compensator there is an inclined propyl. The use of such a compensator allows you to effectively fire, even if the shooter holds "Heather" "in a pistol-like way" (with one or both hands). The small weight and size characteristics of the CP-2M, combined with the axillary suspension of the original form, provide a quick transfer of weapons to the combat position, as well as convenient transportation. Also, "Heather" can be carried on a belt that is mounted on the front and rear flap.

The main advantage of CP-2 "Heather" is very high firepower, high accuracy of shooting and high striking effect of a bullet at close range combat. The combination of these qualities made this submachine gun a very attractive model for employees of Russian special forces as a weapon of self-defense. "Heather" meets all the requirements that apply to weapons of class PDW in the West.

The first serial submachine guns CP-2 were distinguished by low quality, non-interchangeable shops, general “dampness” of the structure, as well as permanent minor malfunctions. All this caused a large number of complaints from users of submachine guns, who at the same time noted the overall prospects of development when bringing it to the required level of reliability.

Currently, CP-2 is not released. TsNIItochmash produces CP-2M and CP-2MP versions. The upgraded CP-2M model has a number of differences from the original model: instead of a firm focus on the forearm, a folding front handle appeared, which improves the accuracy of fire and the weapon's controllability (when folded, the handle becomes part of the forearm); instead of the muzzle brake-compensator, a muzzle-stop is used, which protects the hand of the arrow from moving forward and possible powder burns; fuse box has been slightly changed. The CP-2MP version is distinguished by the Picatinny slats installed, which are mounted on the shank and receiver. In addition, this version can be installed butt modified form and silencer.

Tactical and technical characteristics of CP-2 "Heather":
Caliber - 9 mm; used cartridge - 9x21 mm.
Length: with butt - 603 mm, with folded butt - 367 mm.
Weight - 1,65 kg.
The initial speed of the bullet - 415-440 m / s.
Magazine capacity - 20, 30 cartridges.
Firing rate - up to 900 shots / min.
Target range - to 200 m.

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  1. Owl
    Owl 14 March 2014 08: 58
    I checked such a product in the classroom, using only mechanical sighting devices, it was boring and uninteresting to perform an "automatic exercise" at a distance of up to targets of 50-100 meters, due to the powerful ammunition the probability of hitting targets was very high.
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 14 March 2014 21: 04
      I will not say that a great specialist, but I had the opportunity to shoot in turn from this device and Heckler und Koch MP-5 at the training ground of the Central Research Institute of Tochmash, personal sensations - our product is a cut above German! Once again I repeat, personal feelings, without a bang of patriotism!
  2. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 14 March 2014 09: 05
    The PDW concept envisioned the development of small-sized small-arms automatic weapons, with which it was planned to equip artillery and antiaircraft missile launcher crews, car drivers, combat vehicle crews, etc. That is, those military personnel for whom small arms are not basic and are used only as a means of self-defense.

    And nothing has changed. Our military does not have such weapons for drivers, BM crews, artillery calculations, signalmen, and for soldiers of auxiliary services.
    All are armed with either AK (AKC) -74, or (which looks ridiculous in war conditions) PM.
    And only special subdivisions have such weapons, although, by and large, why should they, if you can use samples and better in terms of TTX-SR-3 "Whirlwind", VSS, AS "VAL", 9A91, VSK-94, " Exhaust ", PSS" VUL ", PB, etc.
    And in the car cabin, in the tank, armored personnel carrier, infantry fighting vehicle, BMD, and so closely, but with a long AK-74, AKS-74, you will not be able to turn around very quickly.
    To fight with PM only against full cretins (who are so frostbitten that they themselves are ready to come so close that someone from the above could shoot him from PM).
    Well, yes, there is still the AKS-74U, but it is also a problem. It is practically absent in the army, most of these machines are in the Ministry of Internal Affairs at PPS-nicknames, OVO-shnikov and DPS-nicknames. And most of all at OVO-shnikov.
    And so for drivers, BM crews, artillery calculations, signalmen, etc. this is the most necessary machine.
    Since it uses the same cartridge and magazines as the "large" AK (which is important in combat conditions), but it has a smaller size (more convenient in a limited space) and a longer firing range (~ 400m) than any submachine gun (~ 150-200m ).
    Also, shops from the RPK (RPKS) -74 for 45 rounds fit very well with it, which significantly increases the wearable BC.
    1. avt
      avt 14 March 2014 09: 24
      Quote: wanderer_032
      And nothing has changed. Our military does not have such weapons for drivers, BM crews, artillery calculations, signalmen, and for soldiers of auxiliary services.

      The machine, paired with "Gyurza" was made for the special services. And they always have a request for "bigger guns", which happened with the use of the new cartridge 9x21. In order to enroll him en masse in the army, you need to switch to 9x21. What's the point? It is much easier and cheaper, without loss of quality, to arm the servicemen indicated by you, for example, the PP-2000, or the Tula "roll" A-91M under a standard cartridge.
      1. Massik
        Massik 14 March 2014 16: 41
        nothing is clear with the A-91M yet, back in the shaggy 90s the AK 105 made an almost complete machine with a slightly shorter barrel, all this
        That is, those military personnel for whom small arms are not basic and are used only as a means of self-defense.
        It helps a lot when your armor is burned, and you watch with interest the approaching infantry of the enemy and think when they come up to 150-100m, will the short-barreled vehicle help you greatly at such a distance ...
    2. Ostwind
      Ostwind 19 March 2014 11: 41
      And why about AK 104 no one will remember. Reliable, killer (7.62x39 caliber), good accuracy.
      1. Ostwind
        Ostwind 19 March 2014 11: 50

      2. Ostwind
        Ostwind 19 March 2014 11: 55
        PP "Vityaz" is a simple, inexpensive PP 9x19 (7n21) cartridge, with excellent accuracy.

        ges / 2014/159 / ynwh269.jpg
  3. ramsi
    ramsi 14 March 2014 09: 15
    nevertheless, the butt on such models seems unnecessary, and it would be nice to make the front handle turn to the left - the grip would be more convenient when shooting from the hip; automatic fire, at a rate of fire of 900 rounds per minute, it is probably better than fixed bursts; and the shutter knob for such a short model - more logical, on the left side ...
    1. bazilio
      bazilio 14 March 2014 17: 23
      Quote: ramsi
      and the shutter knob for such a short model - more logical, on the left side ...

      yes yes, and a fuse there too. looked at the photo and tried to imagine how the fuse can be turned on / off without taking his right hand from the fire control handle ... nothing at all.
    2. bazilio
      bazilio 14 March 2014 17: 23
      Quote: ramsi
      and the shutter knob for such a short model - more logical, on the left side ...

      yes yes, and a fuse there too. looked at the photo and tried to imagine how the fuse can be turned on / off without taking his right hand from the fire control handle ... nothing at all.
    3. kplayer
      kplayer 15 March 2014 14: 25
      Quote: ramsi
      nevertheless, the butt on such models seems redundant, and it would be nice to make the front handle turn to the left - it would be more convenient to grip when shooting from the hip ... and the shutter handle of such a short model is more logical, on the left side

      If there is no butt butt on the shoulder, then what would be the difference to you, where is the shutter handle? twirl it in his hand!
      And what is inconvenient add. lever? - The army and special services do not take paralytics and people with underdeveloped motor skills! What else can be holding the weapon when shooting and rotating the handle at the same time !?
      1. ramsi
        ramsi 15 March 2014 15: 11
        It’s just without the butt butt on the shoulder, and the difference is: if you are a right-hander and hold the machine with your right hand, then to turn the bolt on the right, you need to turn the weapon in a horizontal plane, and to pull it on the left, this is not required. About the additional handle - if it rotates left-up (under the right-hander), then when lowering the weapon to the level of the belt, it will be more convenient to hold and shoot, otherwise you will have to strain the left hand
        1. kplayer
          kplayer 15 March 2014 17: 19
          Honestly - nonsense! you dream of a weapon without manipulation, i.e. turn the weapon (consider the same gun) in your right hand, apparently tearing away from aiming, although you can not cock, and then aim at the outstretched arm, and about conducting the battle (holding the weapon) without stress (call me the PP, where there is a rotating / rotary handle?).
          Can you return to the virtual shooter !?
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  4. buzer
    buzer 14 March 2014 09: 47
    with regards to PDW class weapons, the best option is a bullpup concept weapon. The same Storm of 7,62 caliber for the same tankman on the battlefield would be preferable to the same Heather. But for law enforcement agencies Heather will be preferable. The power of the Aks-74u is excessive for the same policeman. But who will ask the opinion of an ordinary tankman or fighter ...
    1. Dmitry 2246
      Dmitry 2246 14 March 2014 10: 42
      The task of the AKS-74U is to fire one turn towards the enemy under the cover of which the tanker will run to the tank or in cover.
      As soon as special. (signalman, tanker, artilleryman, anti-aircraft gunner, etc.) trying to fight with small arms, the infantry has problems.
  5. Ptah
    Ptah 14 March 2014 09: 58
    Something seems to me, the "pistik" is simple in design like satin panties, reliable as a hammer and ...
    .... international know-howable in the global market as PPSh. laughing
    Give the game to someone. For example, the troops and policemen Maduro, solely for "preventing disorder in the country."
  6. Aleksandr12
    Aleksandr12 14 March 2014 10: 35
    It’s a normal weapon. They know how to make our weapons, unlike carssmile
  7. twviewer
    twviewer 14 March 2014 17: 49
    would put a picatinny rail on the box, but a telescope butt, it would seem more interesting to me.
  8. kplayer
    kplayer 14 March 2014 22: 39
    In my opinion, PDWs have not taken root anywhere in the NATO armies. At one time for these purposes in the German and Dutch armies were widely used 9-mm PP "Uzi", along with 7,62-mm G3 rifles (as the main army), until the 5,56-mm Belgian SS109 cartridge firmly occupied its niche as a standard the NATO cartridge and did not supplant these samples, even relatively new developments, the HK MP7 and FN P90 are used more by the police and special services of some countries (due to the possibility of hidden wearing under clothes).
    The PDW class is found on the supply of flight crews of aircraft and helicopters, and partly among the crews of armored vehicles, namely the mechvods, it has also become quite common to equip standard pistols with traditional pistols, which were previously an officer privilege. In all other cases, carbines (i.e. shortened and folding automatic rifles) are used, and not PDW, and this is correct (I would prefer a 5,56 / 5,45 mm barrel with a DB), standardization and unification in the army, first of all .
    Of the existing AK-105s, the best option for us so far is (signalmen, tankers, sappers, artillerymen, etc.), although it may not always and everywhere, but full-fledged folding AKS-74 and AK-74M are quite applicable.
  9. kplayer
    kplayer 15 March 2014 00: 04
    Since the era of the Napoleonic wars, it was considered a shame for artillerymen to give up their weapon to enemy infantry, so in modern conditions it looks ridiculous to equip servicemen with submachine guns (and even "castrated" AKSU). So the crews and crews in the artillery, air defense, tank, engineering and signal troops are equipped with weapons of the main army caliber, incl. PKK (in the West, for example, they use Minimi-LMG and others), and there is no need to allocate rifle (infantry) units to guard them, on the front line and in the rear zone. Such weapons are only for special forces, and even then they are not suitable for the conditions of military operations.
  10. Viktor.N.Aleksandrov.
    Viktor.N.Aleksandrov. 19 March 2014 23: 46
    In my opinion, Heather is a weapon for specials. units of such structures as the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and operating in specific, say, urban conditions, where visibility is quite limited. Moreover, for use in operations where the enemy does not have serious weapons. The rarity of the cartridge also limits its use in combat units.
  11. Moor
    Moor 6 January 2016 16: 02
    A couple of years ago, I took my child to a concert in the Kremlin. While I was waiting at the exit at the turnstile in the Kutafya Tower, I drew attention to the guards - these guys have "Veresk".
  12. Serge_k
    Serge_k 19 December 2019 08: 54
    There are errors in the text. The submachine gun SR-2.M has a shock-type trigger system.