Military Review

Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Courage

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2 March 1994 in the Russian Federation on the basis of a presidential decree was approved by the new state award - the Order of Courage. The Order of Courage can be awarded to citizens of Russia for courage, dedication and courage, which were shown in the protection of public order, in the fight against crime, saving people during natural disasters, catastrophes, fires and other extraordinary circumstances, as well as for decisive and courageous actions in performance of military, official or civil duty, which were risky for life.


In this case, the order can be awarded not only citizens of the Russian Federation, but also foreigners. Foreign citizens are awarded this order for their courage, dedication and courage in rescuing Russian citizens during fires, catastrophes, natural disasters and other extraordinary circumstances occurring outside of Russia. Awarding the Order of Courage can be made posthumously.

The Order of Courage may be awarded more than once. Today, there are three people in our country - Colonel Andrei Volovikov (military pilot), Colonel Sergey Militsky (Directorate "A" (Alpha) of the FSB of Russia) and Colonel Alexey Novgorodov (the police) who are holders of 4 Orders of Courage. In 2011, an important addition was made to the statute of the order by presidential decree. From 2011 onwards, persons awarded with three Orders of Courage, when committing another selfless or courageous act, can be presented to the title of Hero of the Russian Federation.

Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Courage

When developing the order, the militia cross of 1812 was taken as a basis. At the time of approval of the sketch of the order by the artist E.I. Ukhnalev, a variant with an overhead double-headed eagle (gilded), large in size, was proposed. But this option was not approved. The candidate took part in the creation of the sketch for the Order of Courage historical Sciences, leading specialist of the State Heraldry P. K. Kornakov. He, on the basis of the assignment of the Commission for State Awards and the State Heraldry, performed the modeling of the order. The author of the idea of ​​the Order of Courage was G.V. Vilinbakhov, the state herald of the Russian Federation. The Order of Courage was made at the Moscow Mint.

The badge of the order is an equal-end cross with rounded ends, relief beams and a raised edge on the edge. The distance between the ends of the cross is 40 mm. The award is made of silver. The State Emblem of the Russian Federation is placed in the center of the cross, the image is made in relief. On the back of the order is a relief inscription: "Courage." This inscription is made of stylized letters horizontally. Also on the back is the order number. With the help of a ring and an ear, the order is attached to a standard pentagonal block. The pad is covered with red silk ribbon, the edges of which are strips of white. The width of the moire ribbon is 24 mm, the width of the white stripes is 2 mm.

The first decree awarding the Order of Courage was signed by the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin on November 11 of 1994 of the year. Orders of courage were awarded to the deputy commander of the flight squad V. Ye. Ostapchuk and the commander of the helicopter V. P. Afanasyev for courage and bravery, which were shown in saving people from the Yakhroma cruise ship that suffered distress in the Barents Sea. The first mass award of the Order of Courage took place on November 25 of the same year. On this day, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree awarding 17 troops. All of them were awarded for the courage and bravery shown by them during the neutralization of explosive objects and demining the area.


The overwhelming number of awards by the Order of Courage falls on military operations in the North Caucasus, in the territory of the Chechen Republic (the first and second campaigns). Among those who received this award on the battlefield are the commander of the 58 Army, Lieutenant-General V. Shamanov; Colonel General A.L. Shkirko, Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation In 1995, posthumously, the Order of Courage was awarded to 39-year-old Colonel V. Selivanov. Selivanov was the head of the information group of the intelligence department of the Airborne Forces headquarters. The paratrooper who successfully fought 2 of the year in Afghanistan, who took part in 57 combat operations, from December 14 1994 was in Chechnya as part of a task force. He died in Grozny on January 1 of 1995.

22 August 1996, the presidential decree for the heroism, courage and endurance awarded the Order of Courage was awarded the crew of a civilian IL-76 aircraft consisting of 5 people. The crew was captured in Afghanistan by the Taliban, but managed to escape from captivity.

The Order of Courage in Russia was awarded to participants in the events of the distant past. So, on May 9, 2004, Soviet sailors were awarded fleet, crew members of the K-19 nuclear submarine, which crashed while being in the northern Atlantic, in July 1961. Then the sailors managed the almost impossible: they managed to save the atomic ship and drown out the nuclear power plant of the boat, bringing the ship into a safe radiation state.

The youngest citizen of Russia, who was awarded the Order of Courage, is 7-year-old boy Zhenya Tabakov. He was presented to the Order posthumously. 28 November 2008 was a student of 2 class died trying to protect his native 12-year-old sister from the rapist.

The Order of Courage is the most massive award of the Russian Federation. According to rough estimates, on 1 July 2006, more than 80 thousands of awards were awarded by the Order of Courage. It is safe to say that at the moment the number of awards has exceeded 100 thousands.

According to the materials of free sources
Author:
Articles from this series:
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Gold Star Medal
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Services to the Fatherland"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Courage
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Military Merit"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Zhukov
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of Honor"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of Suvorov
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of Nesterov
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  1. Owl
    Owl 14 March 2014 09: 14
    +8
    "The Order of Courage is the most massive award of the Russian Federation" - I understand when this Order is awarded for the feats accomplished in defending the Fatherland, but when athletes and deputies were awarded, it did not please, it humiliated the status of the Order. I was only glad that no one was awarded the Order of Courage for the "extreme" Olympiad, they found other, not such "combat" awards.
    1. Dmitry 2246
      Dmitry 2246 14 March 2014 10: 12
      +4
      Salute, Philip! I fully support you.
      I "got" in the first thousand and in the hospital, where I was presented, I was lying, the officers and I, the sailors, celebrated well.
  2. vbatov
    vbatov 14 March 2014 14: 38
    +3
    Quote: Eagle Owl
    I understand when this Order is awarded for Feats,

    For feats, we are awarded the Golden Star of a Hero, and this is a mass order, such as the Order of the Great Patriotic War (which does not detract from its merits in most cases of awards), and it says in the statute that it is issued not only to the military, but to everyone who showed courage, and courage can be interpreted in different ways.
  3. iConst
    iConst 14 March 2014 15: 02
    +3
    Discrediting awards is a phenomenon occurring not only in Russia.
    Britain itself had several scandals when it awarded various kinds of figures, sometimes musicians, with inappropriate awards.
    People who deserved their blood rewards came and threw them through the fence of Buckingham Palace.
    Also gave serodstvo pidoram, etc.

    A very dangerous trend - destroys one of the most important stones of the foundation of statehood.

    A commission (but not to find non-selling ones) for checking awards and publicly depriving people who received them not by status would be very necessary.
  4. BARBED
    BARBED 15 March 2014 16: 07
    +1
    "The Order of Courage is the most massive award of the Russian Federation. According to rough estimates, as of July 1, 2006, more than 80 thousand awards were made with the Order of Courage. It is safe to say that at the moment the number of awards has exceeded 100 thousand."
    By presidential decree in August 2012, I was awarded the Order of Courage at number 10422.
    I think the second was an order of magnitude wrong.
    1. hunt
      hunt 28 March 2014 09: 01
      +3
      No, the author was not mistaken. I have Decree No. 56317 of the year 2000.