Nursultan Nazarbayev met with Vladimir Putin last week. March 5 held in Moscow an extraordinary working meeting of the leaders of the countries of the Customs Union - Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan. According to official reports, the heads of the CU discussed their readiness to sign an agreement on the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) in May of this year. According to unofficial - the situation in Ukraine. In particular, Vladimir Putin, calling Ukraine a partner of the Customs Union, suggested to the allies how to "get out of the difficult situation in which they are today." At the same time, the official visit of Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev to Russia, which was announced earlier on 10 – 11 in March, was decided to be postponed to a later date. According to NG, the visit will take place in mid-April - Nazarbayev and Putin agreed on this during the telephone conversation mentioned. She herself was mainly devoted to events in Ukraine.
According to the press service of the head of Kazakhstan, Nazarbayev said that “as a strategic partner, he understands the position of Russia that protects the rights of national minorities in Ukraine, as well as its security interests.” In an interview with Angela Merkel, the head of Kazakhstan reaffirmed the importance of a diplomatic settlement of the Ukrainian crisis through dialogue between all interested parties. In his opinion, to ensure the territorial integrity of the country, as well as the rejection of mutual threats and ultimatums, it is necessary to use possible mechanisms of international mediation. At the same time, Nazarbayev expressed readiness to make, if necessary, a constructive contribution to the development of compromise solutions for a peaceful resolution of the situation.
“The leaders of the United States and Germany did not accidentally turn to Nazarbayev,” said Yuri Solozobov, director of international programs at the Russian National Strategy Institute, at NG. - The President of Kazakhstan is among the top ten world leaders in popularity and activity. He is the perfect mediator between the West and the East. And it is not by chance that in conversation with Vladimir Putin Nursultan Nazarbayev offered to act as a mediator in the settlement of the Ukrainian conflict. Ukraine was nominated for a possible member of the vehicle. And Kazakhstan is one of the ideologues and builders of the CU and the future Eurasian Union, so Ukraine’s position is not alien here. ”
The expert noted: it is symbolic that Obama first called Nazarbayev and asked him to participate in the settlement of the Ukrainian conflict.
“Apparently, the United States lacks its diplomatic resources to resolve the situation. Kazakhstan has a firm position, which is to resolve the crisis without armed intervention and while respecting the existing borders, ”said Yuri Solozobov. The expert said that Kazakhstan is not trying on the situation of Ukraine itself. “No one is going to attack North Kazakhstan. Borders between the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan are signed and approved. Russia and Kazakhstan have an agreement on eternal friendship, and there are no obvious threats in this regard, ”said Solozobov and stressed that if Nazarbayev really bears a mediation mission, this will prove that the president of Kazakhstan is the leading figure in the post-Soviet space.
“From the point of view of diplomacy and public policy, the situation around Ukraine is stalemate: everyone wants to get out of the situation, saving face. But in the information space sounded a lot of harsh statements. Therefore, the mediation of the President of Kazakhstan turns out to be quite popular, ”Alexander Knyazev, an expert on Central Asia and the Middle East, told NG. According to him, given the fact that the Ukrainian conflict is directly related to the attempts of Kiev (the quality of these attempts is a separate, different issue) to fit into the Eurasian integration processes. “Kazakhstan is a member of the Customs Union, one of the initiators of the creation of the EAEU. Nazarbayev’s activity can also be explained by the desire to protect Kazakhstan from destabilization under the Western scenario, since his commitment to integration projects with Russia is negatively perceived in the West, primarily in the United States, and as a result there may be attempts to destabilize the situation in Kazakhstan, as, incidentally, Belarus, "- said" NG "Knyazev.
The likelihood of such a version is indirectly confirmed by the fact that immediately after returning from Moscow 5 in March, Nazarbayev held an emergency operational-strategic meeting at the Ministry of Defense, which, in particular, clearly indicated the directions of possible threats to the republic’s security - the western and southern parts of the border. Knyazev believes that destabilization of Kazakhstan, which would be based on internal factors, is hardly possible, so the meeting was about strengthening security structures, including army, on those border vectors that are relevant: this is not Chinese or non-Russian directions.