Military Review

152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2C19 "Msta-S"

27



In the early 80-ies GRAU issued led L.I. The Gorlitsky Design Bureau of the Ural Transport Engineering Plant (UZTM) in Sverdlovsk has new requirements for a 152 mm self-propelled howitzer for replacement in the troops of the 2C3 Akatsia howitzer. The artillery was supposed to be universal - for use both on self-propelled guns and in towed artillery. At the same time, the chassis of the new chassis was planned to be unified with the chassis of the main tankswho were in service and were in production.

The main developers of the ACS were: UZTM (now FGUP “Ural Transport Engineering Plant”) - the lead developer of the 316 Object chassis and the machine as a whole, and the Tula Instrument Design Bureau (now NPO “Precision”) - the developer of the combat compartment, Design Bureau of the plant # XXUMX in Sverdlovsk - swinging part. The chief designer of the installation, designated GRAU 9C2, was approved by Yu.V. Tomasheva.

In 1989, a new self-propelled gun was adopted by artillery regiments of motorized rifle and tank divisions of the Soviet army under the designation

Howitzer 2А65 "Msta-B"

2С19 "Msta-S" (C - self-propelled, as opposed to the towed 2А65 "Msta-B" gun, put into service in 1986 year and having a swinging part similar to 2С19). In the same years, at Uraltransmash, they created a special simulator 2X51 “Bunkering” for training calculations for ACS. The first series of new self-propelled howitzers were produced at the Uraltransmash plant. Soon, a plant was built in Sterlitamak (Bashkiria) specifically for the production of machines in the quantities necessary for the Soviet Army.



"Msta-S" is designed to destroy tactical nuclear weapons, artillery and mortar batteries, tanks and other armored vehicles, anti-tank weapons, manpower, air defense and missile defense, command and control facilities, as well as to destroy the enemy’s fortifications the depth of his defense. It can fire at observable and unobservable targets from closed positions and direct fire, including work in mountain conditions. When firing, both ammunition shots and those coming from the ground are used, without a loss in rate of fire.

The armored body of the ACS is similar in design and geometry to the body of the T-72, with some exceptions. So, the self-propelled gun booking is weaker than that of the tank: the frontal part does not have a combined reservation and is made of homogeneous bronestali. The upper (underbody) hull sheet is designed for a shoulder strap with a diameter of 2444 mm, and the lower part of the hull is different due to the use of T-80 in the suspension of the torsion shafts and balances. The case contains the engine, transmission, control drives and suspension.

Engine-brand B-84A. This is a V-shaped 12-cylinder high-speed 4-stroke diesel engine with liquid cooling capacity 840 hp, capable of operating on six types of fuel. His gearbox has seven forward gears and one reverse. Electrical equipment includes four 27 V batteries.



The undercarriage of the ACS is similar to a tank (T-80) and consists (with reference to one side) of six road wheels, a guide wheel with a track tension mechanism, a drive wheel with removable gear rims and five supporting rollers. The suspension is independent with long torsions, which is why the corresponding rollers of the right and left sides are not coaxially (the rollers of the left side are shifted forward 110 mm). The first, second, and sixth rollers have adjustable telescopic shock absorbers that stop during firing to dampen vibrations. This eliminates the need for stabilizing coulters. The caterpillar 580 mm width, equipped with rubber-metal hinges and rubberized treadmill, is also borrowed from the T-80.

The tower is welded from rolled armor plates. It contains: 2А64 howitzer with guidance and aiming system, automated projection and storage system for shells (includes a conveyor for feeding projectiles from the ground, laying 6ЭЦ19 with programmable output and an executive mechanism for coordinating angles with feeding projectiles from laying to a gun), an onboard power unit AP-18D with an autonomous power supply system, filtering equipment, communication facilities (internal telephone, external wired and radio) and a system for sealing the breech of the howitzer to prevent gas combat compartment. Mass of the turret without ammunition - 13500 kg.

152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2C19 "Msta-S"

3OF39 Krasnopol

The 152-2 rifled 64-mm howitzer has a separate-cartridge loading. Shooting: 3HX45O type active radar jamming projectiles (at a distance of 24700 m), smoke detectors targeting 3VDTS 58 rounds, as well as special ammunition. It is possible to use all types of standard D-3 and 72C3 howitzers ammunition, as well as guided projectiles with 73OFXNNXX Krasnopol laser illumination as part of the 3BOXF61 shot. Highlighting targets by advanced artillery observers using 28900D3 instruments (PP-91), 3023D42, 26000D3 or 3D22300.

All ammunition is located in the tower. It consists of 50 mm 152 rounds (standard set - 20 OFS and 30 APC), as well as 300 machinegun cartridges. The weight of the ammunition is 2470 kg.

The reloading system allows you to fire at any angles of guidance in the direction and elevation of the gun with the maximum rate of fire without returning the gun to the loading line. The mass of shells exceeds 42 kg, therefore, to facilitate the work of the loader from the pack, they are fed automatically. The mechanism for the supply of charges - semi-automatic type. The design of the ammunition racks allows you to place all the standard types of projectiles, and the search for the desired one and control of the entire loading process is carried out by the control system of the loading mechanism. In addition, it counts and records the number of shots of the corresponding type. The delivery of the selected projectiles and charges to the gun is carried out by two independent conveyors. Each of them is serviced by its own loader, which increases the rate of fire. The presence of additional ammunition conveyors from the ground allows firing without spending internal ammunition. When translating the unit to the stowed position, the additional projection conveyor is folded and fixed on the turret, while the other is retracted inside. The spent cartridges are automatically ejected through the hatch under the barrel of the gun, which significantly reduces the gas content of the crew compartment.


Place commander

The ACS is equipped with two sights: panoramic (1P22), located in the swiveling armored rooftop of the tower, and direct aiming (1P23), whose window is located on the front plate of the tower. The first of them has 3,7-fold increase and automatic horizontal stabilization of the field of view, provided that the roll of the machine does not exceed 5 °. In the stowed position, the scope is retracted behind the protective curtain to the right of it. The 1P23 scope increases 5,5 times within the range of pointing angles from -4 ° to + 55 °.

The 2Е46 howitzers are electric: vertically - automatically, horizontally - from the control panel. Automatic recovery of the elevation angle after each shot simplifies the work of the gunner. When firing, he performs only one operation - he retains a panoramic sight on the aiming point with a control device. In critical situations, the commander of the machine has the ability to independently direct and fire a gun using duplicate equipment. When power is turned off, a backup system is used for manual loading and guidance. Msta-S is equipped with a 1B122 firing data transmission and transmission system (wired and radio) to a distance of 500 m. The control over guidance and coordination of battery interaction is carried out by a fire control machine, a commanding or senior officer.

A machine gun anti-aircraft gun with a remote control and a PZU-5 sight (PZU-7) mounted on a commander's turret and intended for self-defense against light armored vehicles, helicopters and airplanes, similar to that used on T-64А / B / BV and T-80UD tanks . It is controlled remotely from the tower. The NSVT-12,7 “Rock” machine gun has a target range of 2000 m and 700-800 firing speed per minute at vertical guidance angles from -3 ° to + 70 °. Its ammunition consists of five tapes of 60 cartridges each.

To ensure the operation of ACS systems when the main engine is turned off or failed, an autonomous power supply unit АП-18Д - a gas turbine with a power of 16 kW is used. The time of its continuous operation is 8 hours.

Crew members are chatting with the help of the 1B116 intercom equipment for seven subscribers. External communication is carried out with the help of VHF radio station P-173 (range up to 20 km).


Indian SAU “Bhim”

The additional equipment of self-propelled guns include: automatic software of 3-multiple action with control equipment 3ЭЦ 11-2; two filtering installations; self-digging system mounted on the lower front plate; TDA, powered by the main engine; 902В system "Cloud" for shooting 81-mm smoke grenades; two tank degassing devices (TDP).

The 2C19 self-propelled guns are organized into OBAC Kapustnik, which is the basic unit for the formation of any artillery formations.

For the first time, Msta-S was presented to the general public at the air show in Zhukovsky in August 1992 of the year, then at the IDEX-93 exhibition in Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) in February of the 1993 year, where it demonstrated excellent running and fire qualities. In particular, when shooting at a range of 15 km, forty Krasnopol shells were hit by 38 targets.



After upgrading the MSA, the self-propelled gun was designated 2C19M.
The howitzer is offered for export, including those with an 155 mm caliber artillery piece (2C19M1 Msta-S), which can fire Krasnopol-M projectiles, as well as Western ammunition of the same caliber. Such a machine was first presented at the Eurosatory 2000 armament exhibition at Le Bourget (19-23 June 2000 of the year). Experts estimate the cost of one ACS at 1,6 million dollars.

Characteristics 2C19 Msta-S

Length with gun forward, mm 11917
Body length, mm 6040
Board width, mm 3584
The height of the roof of the tower, mm 2985
Track, mm 2800
Clearance, mm 435
Armament (ammunition) 152-mm rifled howitzer 2А64 (50),
anti-aircraft gun NSVT-12,7 "Rock" (300)
Maximum firing range, km 24,7*
Minimum firing range, km 6,5
Rate of fire, rds / min 7-8
Elevation / declination angle, hail + 68 / -4
Horizontal guidance angle, degrees 360
Initial speed OFS, m / s 828
OFS weight, kg 43,56
Mass of installation, t 42 ± 2,5%
Crew, people 5
Engine (type) B-84A (D, V12)**
Engine power, hp Xnumx
Maximum speed of movement, km / h 60
Power reserve, km 500

* for OFS with gas generator - 28,5 km
** A B-46-6 engine throttled to 780 hp can be installed.
27 comments
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  1. luiswoo
    luiswoo April 13 2013 09: 49 New
    0
    Quote: National Defense \ OJSC “Central Design Bureau“ Titan ”\ - 2012
    Development work on the modernization of the MSTA-S self-propelled howitzer is being completed, for which the specialists of TsKB Titan OJSC have developed and manufactured a prototype artillery gun, an upgraded 152-mm howitzer 2А64М2. To date
    152-mm self-propelled guns "MSTA-S" is the main armament of the artillery brigades of the Russian army, and our work will further improve its basic combat characteristics in terms of rate of fire and effectiveness of artillery fire, as well as operational characteristics. In August, state tests of the product were successfully completed. As part of the implementation of the state defense order, the production of howitzers was launched at Barricades Production Association OJSC 2А64М2 according to our documentation. The first batch of upgraded 152-mm howitzers with enhanced tactical and technical characteristics the Russian army will receive this year.

    Probably forgotten ... Strange, 2А64М2, by mystery in general, can compete with the Coalition-SV. No characteristics, although already available.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr April 13 2013 19: 08 New
      0
      Quote: luiswoo
      Strange, 2A64M2 for mystery in general, can compete with the Coalition-SV. No characteristics, although already available.

      Yes, minimum information. The main thing that comes across has lengthened the barrel of the gun from 47 to 52 kb. Range p. - 41 km (APC)
    2. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr April 13 2013 19: 10 New
      +1
      Quote: luiswoo
      Strange, 2A64M2 for mystery in general, can compete with the Coalition-SV. No characteristics, although already available.

      Yes, minimum information. The main thing that comes across has lengthened the barrel of the gun from 47 to 52 kb. Range p. - 41 km (APC)
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr April 13 2013 19: 22 New
        0
        Ammunition.
    3. bddrus
      bddrus April 14 2013 12: 42 New
      0
      I won’t be surprised if it turns out to be Coalition-St
  2. vadson
    vadson April 13 2013 10: 11 New
    +4
    Well, in the expanded article, +, but about the striker, the article is much worse
  3. Canep
    Canep April 13 2013 11: 33 New
    +1
    They didn’t continue the flower series in vain and did not call it “Dandelion” or something else. Her tower, in my opinion, is huge. despite the weight as in the T-90. That means the chassis has anti-ballistic armor and the turret is made of light armor, not some kind of docking. Although unification is a good thing. And in my opinion it was designed for firing nuclear weapons.
    1. Akellastambul
      Akellastambul April 13 2013 15: 15 New
      +6
      She shoots nuclear, it’s strange that I didn’t find in the article, maybe she missed it. But they certainly didn’t shoot at Krasnopole. There are a lot of troubles with it, it’s unrealistic to carry coffins with a laser range finder to scouts with a laser rangefinder, illuminating targets. They didn’t even force us into the exercises. By the way, the peculiarity of this howitzer is that it refutes the proverb "One shell does not fall into the same funnel twice." A queue of 6 shells at one point per minute is full speed ahead.
    2. During
      During April 13 2013 15: 43 New
      +1
      Everything fits together ... look at the size of this tower (the size, by the way, due to the need to place all the ammunition and 4 crew members in it), the cannon itself and add the ammunition weight to all this ... and the reservation there is really bulletproof and anti-fragmentation. By the way, some Western counterparts weigh even more.
  4. воронов
    воронов April 13 2013 13: 05 New
    +2
    Good gun !!! soldier
  5. svp67
    svp67 April 13 2013 13: 24 New
    +1
    Quote: Canep
    This means that the chassis has anti-shell armor and the turret is made of light armor, not some kind of docking.



    No, and the corps is more likely to have shatterproof reservations ..
  6. svp67
    svp67 April 13 2013 13: 26 New
    0
    In general, it would not hurt to develop and put on stream a new machine, with more advanced and high data ... What I wish our designers, manufacturers and military
  7. mikhael
    mikhael April 13 2013 14: 34 New
    0
    [media = // youtu.be/ty6qFBa4nU8]
  8. Thomas A. Anderson
    Thomas A. Anderson April 13 2013 14: 57 New
    0
    CB coalition is much better
    1. Akellastambul
      Akellastambul April 13 2013 15: 17 New
      +1
      How do you know that she is still only on paper?
      1. Nitup
        Nitup April 13 2013 20: 50 New
        +2
        Preliminary Draft of the Coalition
        1. krot00f
          krot00f 28 May 2013 14: 54 New
          0
          YES a chassis project based on KAMAZ, provided by KamAZ representatives, where does the self-propelled guns come from? Well, yes, KAMAZ wants money, all that can be said about the picture.)
        2. gallville
          gallville 11 December 2013 14: 36 New
          0
          Quote: Nitup
          Preliminary Draft of the Coalition

          Arabs are empty unless. Self-propelled guns are still better tracked.
      2. luiswoo
        luiswoo April 14 2013 09: 17 New
        0
        On paper, it is long-range and faster. Actually, most likely the Coalition was breathing again when they realized that improving the characteristics of Msta, whatever one may say, will lead to the creation of a new weapon ...
    2. Alikovo
      Alikovo April 13 2013 15: 21 New
      0
      yes it’s not bad but inferior in speed and in accuracy.
  9. During
    During April 13 2013 15: 44 New
    0
    In the army, "Sarai" call this Saushka))
  10. I think so
    I think so April 13 2013 17: 54 New
    +1
    The car is good ... if only it had modern homing ammunition on the target ... to be better than this as its Krasnopole ...
  11. super-vitek
    super-vitek April 13 2013 21: 19 New
    +1
    According to the totality of the characteristics, the howitzer is at the level of world analogues. But there is much to strive for. I agree with the forum users on the account of high-precision ammunition. In my opinion, it would be reasonable to unify the ammunition of the "coalition" with the "revenge" given their identical caliber, and of course, a modern high-precision ammunition is simply necessary.
  12. bddrus
    bddrus April 14 2013 12: 45 New
    0
    I read that the German is much faster and longer-range, can the coalition compete with the Germans? or why a new sau then with the same caliber - it would be possible to upgrade Mstu to Msta-SM (SM2) and so on.
    1. Scythian 35
      Scythian 35 April 14 2013 15: 15 New
      0
      This is a modification of Msta. An elongated gun barrel up to 51 caliber, increased rate of fire.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr April 14 2013 16: 15 New
        0
        When creating the MSTA, one of the requirements was compatibility for old shots, which are in warehouses at sea. And with them, in order to increase the firing range (a new requirement of the Ministry of Defense), it remains only to extend the barrel and that's it. The pressure in the chamber cannot be raised, since more than gunpowder it simply will not enter the old sleeve.

        I think the Coalition-sv will be made for the new ammunition, then much more interesting results can be obtained in the same caliber and in the same dimensions.

        Regarding the comparison of MCTA with the German PzH 2000.

        I read that the PzH 2000 has a high rate of fire only at the beginning of shooting, and then it quickly overheats and the rate of fire needs to be reduced, and by a lot. MSTA is better in this regard.
        Moreover, the PzH 2000 does not have any practical superiority over Msta: it has very low accuracy with an ordinary projectile, and you can’t shoot a lot with the controlled one because of their price.
        1. gallville
          gallville 11 December 2013 14: 35 New
          0
          Quote: Bad_gr
          I think the Coalition-sv will be made for the new ammunition, then much more interesting results can be obtained in the same caliber and in the same dimensions.

          We most likely will not see a coalition until Armata is brought up.
          And the armata tank will go into the series presumably in 2016. So self-propelled guns even later.
          The development of Armata’s new generation tanks is planned to be completed in 2015, and put into mass production in 2016, Vyacheslav Khalitov, deputy general director of Uralvagonzavod OJSC (Nizhny Tagil), told reporters on Wednesday.

          http://vpk.name/news/100671_razrabotka_novyih_tankov_armata_budet_zavershena_v_2

          015_godu.html # m211080
          And doubts torment me that the birth of the Coalition will be difficult. Given that the MSTA-S was on the T-80 chassis, and the UVZ never shone with a soft ride.
          Z.Y. The Kamaz version with a wheeled chassis is at best suitable for Arabs in the desert.
  13. gallville
    gallville April 14 2013 18: 23 New
    +1
    The article describes only technical specifications. Where are the exploiter reviews and combat use?
  14. svp67
    svp67 April 14 2013 18: 23 New
    +4
    It’s a pity that this is not possible fellow
  15. Bad_gr
    Bad_gr April 14 2013 22: 18 New
    +1
    Placement of units and assemblies
  16. sherhhan
    sherhhan 21 June 2013 13: 33 New
    0
    the article is good, I used to live in Naro-Fominsk, I saw these “toys” live both on the march and during the shooting, a cool car ... I think similar machines of foreign armies certainly do not surpass it in terms of characteristics soldier