Military Review

Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Services to the Fatherland"

6
1992 to 1994 in Russia there was a process of registration of new state awards. Work on orders and medals intensified after the approval of the new Russian coat of arms. 2 March 1994 was issued a presidential decree, which approved the first in Russia provision on state awards. At the same time, 13 orders and medals were established in the country, of which 9 awards could be awarded for military service. Among them, the first in importance was the Order of Merit for the Fatherland.


The Order “For Services to the Fatherland” was intended to award citizens of the country for displaying outstanding achievements related to strengthening Russian statehood, research activities, social and economic development of the state, developing culture and art, outstanding sporting achievements, strengthening peace, friendship and cooperation among nations, with a significant contribution to strengthening the country's defense. Order could get any citizen of the country.

The sketch of the order was designed by Alexander Baklanov - the main artist of the St. Petersburg Mint. As a basis, he took the badge of the Order of St. Vladimir, which existed in pre-revolutionary Russia (the award was established by the decree of Catherine II and was one of the most honorable awards in the Russian Empire). In contrast to the orders and medals of the Soviet era, the new Russian Order had its own motto “Benefit, Honor and Glory,” which repeated the motto of the imperial Order of St. Vladimir. For four years from 1994 to 1998 for the year, until the Order of Saint Apostle Andrew the First-Called was established in Russia, the Order for Services to the Fatherland was the highest award of the Russian Federation.

Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Services to the Fatherland"
Badge of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland


The Order of Merit for the Fatherland has four degrees. I degree of the order is the highest. Orders of I and II degrees possess a star and sign, orders of III and IV degrees - only sign. In this case, the badge of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, I degree, is worn on a wide shoulder belt. The badge of the Order for Services to the Fatherland, II and III degree, is worn on the neckband, and the badge of the Order for Services to the Fatherland, IV degree, is worn in a more traditional way - on the award box on the left side of the chest.

Rewarding this order is carried out consistently. At the same time, persons who represent the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 4th degree, should already be awarded the Medal of the Order for Merit before the Fatherland, I degree or one of the orders of the Russian Federation. For especially outstanding services to the Russian state, without awarding the medal of the Order, citizens who are Heroes of the Russian Federation, Heroes of the Soviet Union or Heroes of Socialist Labor, as well as those who were awarded the Orders of the Russian Federation: the Order of Alexander Nevsky, Zhukov can be awarded. , Kutuzov, Courage, Nakhimov, St. George, Suvorov, Ushakov. Or those citizens who were awarded the honorary title of the Russian Federation of the category "People". In a number of exceptional cases, the President of the country has the right to award the Order For Services to the Fatherland to citizens who previously did not have other state awards. Since the award can be given to both civilians and military persons, minor differences were made to the order. For the difference in military operations, soldiers receive an order with swords.

Description of the Order

The Order “For Services to the Fatherland” is complex. Two higher degrees consist of three elements (a sign, a star and a ribbon), two lower ones - of two (a sign and a ribbon; a sign and a block). In all cases, the ribbon of the order is made of red silk.

Order "For Services to the Fatherland" I degree

The badge of the order is made of silver with gold. The sign is an equidistant cross with flared ends. The front side of this cross is covered with a ruby-colored enamel. The distance between the ends of the cross is 60 mm. At the edges of the cross there is a narrow convex welt. In the center on the face of the sign is the image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation. On the reverse side of the sign is a small round medallion. Around the circumference of this medallion is the motto of the order: "Benefit, honor and glory." Also in its center is the year of establishment of the order - 1994. At the bottom of the medallion is an image of laurel branches. The sign number is stamped on the lower end of the cross.


A complete set of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, I degree



Badge of the order "For services to the Fatherland" I degree with swords


This badge is attached to a red silk moire ribbon having a width of 100 mm. At the same time on the ribbon of orders I and II degree in the center there is a miniature conditional image of a silver order star.

The award has a separate eight-pointed star with polished, faceted rays that are called fines. The star is made of silver. In its center there is a round medallion with a relief gilded image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, also made of silver. Along its circumference on the enamel field of red color with a silver edging, the order's motto: “Benefit, honor and glory”, as well as laurel branches, is applied. The distance between the opposite rays of the star is 82 mm. The star of the order is worn on the left side of the chest; it is attached to the clothes with a pin.


Order "For Services to the Fatherland" II degree


He has the same sign of the order, but smaller. The distance between the ends of the cross is 50 mm. At the same time, the badge of the order is attached to the neckband 45 mm wide. The star has the same look, but smaller sizes. The distance between its opposite rays is 72 mm.


Order "For Services to the Fatherland" III degree


The badge of the order is completely identical to I degree, in size it corresponds to the sign of II degree. Fastens to the neck band width 24 mm.


Order for Services to the Fatherland, IV degree


The badge of the order is completely identical to I degree, but has the smallest dimensions. The distance between the ends of the cross is only 40 mm. With the help of a ring and a lug, it is attached to a standard pentagonal block, which is covered with red silk moiré ribbon in 24 mm width.

To the badge of the Order, which is awarded to Russian soldiers who have been awarded for distinction in hostilities, are added two intersecting gilded swords that are attached to the ring between the block and the cross. The length of each gold-plated sword is 28 mm, width - 3 mm.

Based on free sources.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Gold Star Medal
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Services to the Fatherland"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Courage
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order "For Military Merit"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Order of Zhukov
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of Honor"
Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland
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Combat awards of the Russian Federation. Medal of Nesterov
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  1. inkass_98
    inkass_98 12 March 2014 08: 55
    +3
    I remember how long it was - Alla Borkhovna was awarded the 2 degree, so she sarcastically inquired - and why not the first. To which she was fatherly indicated that she was not yet the president of Russia. Fell silent.
  2. iulai
    iulai 12 March 2014 10: 07
    +7
    I understand when scientists, folk artists, and military are awarded. But I don’t understand when they reward show business, well, they don’t have any talents — everyone sings with plywood, they deceive us! Now you can make any voice on your computer! A concert was conducted by Leshchenko and Vinokur, so both of them had all their breasts covered with awards! For what ? In fact, the artists, the same waiters, entertain us for money! For our money! What have you done for the country? Previously, the waiters were given orders? Well, when Medvedev the iPhone-handed Gorbachev to Andrei the First-Called, I realized that there were people at the helm of the country for whom the awards of Russia were simply tsatsk.
  3. predator.3
    predator.3 12 March 2014 10: 19
    +5
    Quote: iulai
    Well, when Medvedev the iPhone-handed Gorbachev to Andrei the First-Called, I realized that there were people at the helm of the country for whom the awards of Russia were simply tsatsk.


    Yes, the spit was thorough!
  4. valerei
    valerei 12 March 2014 12: 37
    +4
    Quite frankly, I don't think of newfangled awards as "something." And with Gorbachev and Alla - demonstrative awards, discrediting these awards. I will not be surprised that a thief - Serdyukov has something similar. As the saying goes: "And you will be forged the order for tomorrow's business by tomorrow." However, even in Soviet times, "Hero" was given to "friends" of the USSR, who had just jumped from a palm tree - it was.
  5. wanderer
    wanderer 13 March 2014 01: 27
    0
    Not for the first time there is a profanation.
    This is about the same as the "colonels" Rosenbaum and Zhirik.
  6. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 13 March 2014 03: 02
    -1
    Fanciful and clumsy. Bohato ...
  7. alex = 111
    alex = 111 30 March 2014 09: 20
    0
    the name of the order "... before the fatherland of the 2nd degree" sounds rather ambiguous