The Order “For Services to the Fatherland” was intended to award citizens of the country for displaying outstanding achievements related to strengthening Russian statehood, research activities, social and economic development of the state, developing culture and art, outstanding sporting achievements, strengthening peace, friendship and cooperation among nations, with a significant contribution to strengthening the country's defense. Order could get any citizen of the country.
The sketch of the order was designed by Alexander Baklanov - the main artist of the St. Petersburg Mint. As a basis, he took the badge of the Order of St. Vladimir, which existed in pre-revolutionary Russia (the award was established by the decree of Catherine II and was one of the most honorable awards in the Russian Empire). In contrast to the orders and medals of the Soviet era, the new Russian Order had its own motto “Benefit, Honor and Glory,” which repeated the motto of the imperial Order of St. Vladimir. For four years from 1994 to 1998 for the year, until the Order of Saint Apostle Andrew the First-Called was established in Russia, the Order for Services to the Fatherland was the highest award of the Russian Federation.
Badge of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland
The Order of Merit for the Fatherland has four degrees. I degree of the order is the highest. Orders of I and II degrees possess a star and sign, orders of III and IV degrees - only sign. In this case, the badge of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, I degree, is worn on a wide shoulder belt. The badge of the Order for Services to the Fatherland, II and III degree, is worn on the neckband, and the badge of the Order for Services to the Fatherland, IV degree, is worn in a more traditional way - on the award box on the left side of the chest.
Rewarding this order is carried out consistently. At the same time, persons who represent the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 4th degree, should already be awarded the Medal of the Order for Merit before the Fatherland, I degree or one of the orders of the Russian Federation. For especially outstanding services to the Russian state, without awarding the medal of the Order, citizens who are Heroes of the Russian Federation, Heroes of the Soviet Union or Heroes of Socialist Labor, as well as those who were awarded the Orders of the Russian Federation: the Order of Alexander Nevsky, Zhukov can be awarded. , Kutuzov, Courage, Nakhimov, St. George, Suvorov, Ushakov. Or those citizens who were awarded the honorary title of the Russian Federation of the category "People". In a number of exceptional cases, the President of the country has the right to award the Order For Services to the Fatherland to citizens who previously did not have other state awards. Since the award can be given to both civilians and military persons, minor differences were made to the order. For the difference in military operations, soldiers receive an order with swords.
Description of the Order
The Order “For Services to the Fatherland” is complex. Two higher degrees consist of three elements (a sign, a star and a ribbon), two lower ones - of two (a sign and a ribbon; a sign and a block). In all cases, the ribbon of the order is made of red silk.
Order "For Services to the Fatherland" I degree
The badge of the order is made of silver with gold. The sign is an equidistant cross with flared ends. The front side of this cross is covered with a ruby-colored enamel. The distance between the ends of the cross is 60 mm. At the edges of the cross there is a narrow convex welt. In the center on the face of the sign is the image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation. On the reverse side of the sign is a small round medallion. Around the circumference of this medallion is the motto of the order: "Benefit, honor and glory." Also in its center is the year of establishment of the order - 1994. At the bottom of the medallion is an image of laurel branches. The sign number is stamped on the lower end of the cross.
A complete set of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, I degree
Badge of the order "For services to the Fatherland" I degree with swords
This badge is attached to a red silk moire ribbon having a width of 100 mm. At the same time on the ribbon of orders I and II degree in the center there is a miniature conditional image of a silver order star.
The award has a separate eight-pointed star with polished, faceted rays that are called fines. The star is made of silver. In its center there is a round medallion with a relief gilded image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, also made of silver. Along its circumference on the enamel field of red color with a silver edging, the order's motto: “Benefit, honor and glory”, as well as laurel branches, is applied. The distance between the opposite rays of the star is 82 mm. The star of the order is worn on the left side of the chest; it is attached to the clothes with a pin.
Order "For Services to the Fatherland" II degree
He has the same sign of the order, but smaller. The distance between the ends of the cross is 50 mm. At the same time, the badge of the order is attached to the neckband 45 mm wide. The star has the same look, but smaller sizes. The distance between its opposite rays is 72 mm.
Order "For Services to the Fatherland" III degree
The badge of the order is completely identical to I degree, in size it corresponds to the sign of II degree. Fastens to the neck band width 24 mm.
Order for Services to the Fatherland, IV degree
The badge of the order is completely identical to I degree, but has the smallest dimensions. The distance between the ends of the cross is only 40 mm. With the help of a ring and a lug, it is attached to a standard pentagonal block, which is covered with red silk moiré ribbon in 24 mm width.
To the badge of the Order, which is awarded to Russian soldiers who have been awarded for distinction in hostilities, are added two intersecting gilded swords that are attached to the ring between the block and the cross. The length of each gold-plated sword is 28 mm, width - 3 mm.
Based on free sources.