Military Review

You know what kind of guy he was: 80 since the birth of Yuri Gagarin

49



Today, 9 March, marks 80 anniversary of the birth of the cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.

Gagarin became the first person in the world who flew into outer space. Its flight lasted for 108 minutes: it took off from the Baikonur cosmodrome, made one revolution around the Earth and landed in the Saratov region.

It is possible that we could celebrate the birthday of Gagarin and 8 of March. So, there is a legend according to which the first cosmonaut was actually born on "Women's Day". But his father, Aleksey Ivanovich, was indignant and demanded to write it down in the 9 certificate of March. Later, the mother of Yuri Gagarin will write in the book that the future astronaut was born on the night of the eighth to the ninth of March.

Gagarin's father was a village peasant carpenter. Gagarin recalled: “I still remember the yellowish foam of shavings, as if washing large workers, and by smell I can distinguish wood species — sweetish maple, bitter oak, the astringent taste of pine, from which my father made useful things to people. I treat wood with the same respect as metal. " Gagarin's mother, Anna Timofeevna, worked on the collective farm as a milkmaid. For her good work, she was appointed head of a dairy farm on a collective farm.

In 1941 Gagarin went to school in his native village Klushino. But in October 1941g. German troops entered the village, and for two years he had to study under occupation. In this case, the teacher tried to deal with children, constantly changing the place of employment. But soon the lessons had to stop until 1943g.

There is a legend about how Yuri Gagarin chose his future profession. Shortly before the liberation of the village in 1943g. an air battle took place over the settlement, and one of the Soviet pilots directed his plane to a cluster of German military equipment. Impressed by this feat, Gagarin chose his future career.

In 1943 the village was liberated by Soviet troops, and school activities continued. Gagarin later recalled that they had nothing - no ink, no pencils, or notebooks. They learned to write in old newspapers, and in arithmetic lessons they didn’t put sticks, but cartridges.

In 1945 the Gagarin family moved to the city of Gzhatsk in the Smolensk region, where he studied until the sixth grade. In 1951 the future astronaut entered the flying club in Saratov, and later at the Military aviation School in Orenburg. Having graduated with honors, Gagarin began his career as a pilot in 1957, and then, after two years of service in Murmansk, he was selected as an astronaut. Two years later, he will fly into space.
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  1. Alx1miK
    Alx1miK 9 March 2014 12: 24
    +21
    The bravest man in the world)
    1. AVV
      AVV 9 March 2014 13: 42
      +12
      Quote: Alx1miK
      The bravest man in the world)

      This is our story, our heroes !!!
      1. 123dv
        123dv 9 March 2014 14: 28
        +11
        There are moments in the world
        There are steps and solutions
        What for these decisions, of course,
        Even the sky is moving.

        And under it is born somewhere
        Suddenly a child, like other children.
        The bright angel descends from heaven
        To rise to the sky in a rocket.

        And, through the years, to the day of perfection,
        He passed like a relay race.
        And entered the rocket, entered our heart,
        And a rocket rushed through the sky!

        Since then, you fly without looking back,
        To the stars, the path is opened above the earth.
        And your smile will always be with us
        Our guiding star ...
      2. Sirocco
        Sirocco 9 March 2014 14: 53
        +15
        Quote: AVV
        This is our story, our heroes !!!

        The bad thing is that against the backdrop of Ukrainian events, we did not pay due attention to this topic. Indeed, if you only think about how much Gagarin did in the early 60s, after all, not a single politician could have done this. He was taken to Ur, during the Cold War, both in England and in the USA. Eternal memory to Yuri Alekseevich. And yet we are the first in space. good
    2. ele1285
      ele1285 9 March 2014 15: 32
      +7
      yes for everything ..., the main thing is that he has four letters on his helmet. glory to us, glory
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 9 March 2014 12: 28
    +27
    I was lucky to some extent. I talked with people who personally knew Yuri Alekseevich. According to them, he was a strikingly modest person. This is truly the great quality of a Great Man. The man who took the first step towards the stars ...
    1. sergey32
      sergey32 9 March 2014 13: 39
      +10
      I was also lucky, was born on the same day with such a 41 MAN a year ago.
      1. Renat
        Renat 9 March 2014 13: 46
        +10
        Well then, our congratulations, and what, pour !!! drinks
        1. sergey32
          sergey32 9 March 2014 14: 21
          +5
          Go!!!
          1. fennekRUS
            fennekRUS 9 March 2014 20: 03
            +5
            Unpatriotic laughing replace hi and then we went drinks good
      2. badger1974
        badger1974 9 March 2014 20: 49
        +5
        my congratulations to you, Yura didn't usually celebrate his bvtybys? and the dates of cosmonautics, yes, so together with us with the Crimeans we will celebrate on April 12, IIII "KEDR", and the famous -
  4. Duke
    Duke 9 March 2014 12: 28
    +25
    Glory to the Great Russian man.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 9 March 2014 20: 51
      +3
      in the hands of Yura Yak-18, the most sensible flying "desk" after Po-2
  5. blizart
    blizart 9 March 2014 12: 37
    +9
    One of the few cases of punishment of Gagarin at school, for this riddle:
    Zelenets BabU rides
    Baba lifts her legs up.
    Baba is hot, babe parko
    Baba wants more.
    (Banya broom)
    Remember how everyone on earth believed that now any artificial satellite of the earth will be called in Russian-SPUTNIK. But our "sworn friends" said no, and the satellite is now called satellite. Those. again we "missed", like a trifle, but unpleasant. We are losing on this front because we think everything except the epoch-making is a trifle, but they do not think so.
    1. Mainbeam
      Mainbeam 9 March 2014 12: 43
      +10
      But we won from the ISS. The Yankos wanted to call her "alpha".
      Sha, "Mir" was alpha
  6. Mainbeam
    Mainbeam 9 March 2014 12: 41
    +8
    The human person. There were many, they were chosen first.
  7. Trevis
    Trevis 9 March 2014 12: 45
    +20
    He will always be the first!
  8. from punk
    from punk 9 March 2014 12: 46
    +9
    many will fly, but remember the first
  9. Duke
    Duke 9 March 2014 12: 51
    +12
    Glory to the pioneers of space.
  10. RoTTor
    RoTTor 9 March 2014 12: 54
    +16
    The pilot was .... Man is good.
    Our beginning the aviation division was his flight commander. Gagarin tried to help, so that a cool pilot, a man and a commander who did not even have a secondary specialized education, but only a pilot school, made a worthy career.
    My father's friend was among his instructors in the squad. How about a person spoke only positively.
    The rest, it is better to read the memoirs of General Kamanin of their father and mentor.
    The hardest thing for them was AFTER THE FLIGHT.
    They criticize the Soviet government. And remember how many absolutely healthy guys who survived the war and famine underwent a medical examination.
    And now, at least one course of the flight school will be typed? And in our time, how many graduated annually from aviation schools - military and civil aviation? - two divisions !!!
  11. Same lech
    Same lech 9 March 2014 13: 01
    +14
    The appearance in space of a man FROM RUSSIA was a real shock to the Western elite; here they first realized that they could lose the fight for the minds of people.
    Unfortunately, later, the Kremlevsky leadership completely missed the time and did not take full advantage of this fact. We had to go ahead of the rest — this is a very powerful factor that attracts people across the planet to our side.

    Gagarin ... honor and respect, and as a person and as a pilot and as an astronaut, I felt sorry for a short life, he was taken by us from the Supreme Almighty ahead of time.
  12. vadimalehin76
    vadimalehin76 9 March 2014 13: 10
    +10
    What to say about the GREAT MAN. He is always in our memory. If only the young generation that was growing now would not forget HIS and HIS EXPLORATION.
  13. radio operator
    radio operator 9 March 2014 13: 22
    +8
    Gagarin is a milestone in the history of the Soviet-Russian people.
    Definitely!
  14. blizart
    blizart 9 March 2014 13: 26
    +10
    I am not a Russian, and therefore I do not understand at point-blank why either Russia’s 12 or 4 November was made during the day of Russia. Here is the real day of Russia - April 12! The victory of a bloodless country (well, that is, you can’t say that you have filled up with corpses). Victory technical, technological i.e. on the field where the West has always led.
    1. Renat
      Renat 9 March 2014 13: 42
      +3
      This was done during the EBN era. And then it was fashionable to rename cities, streets, in general they tried to do everything possible so that the people, if they did not forget, but at least partially forgot their great past, their heroes and their holidays. To live like the whole "civilized" world, according to templates, according to the standard. We receive the fruits of those dashing years now.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. siberalt
      siberalt 9 March 2014 15: 31
      +7
      Russia Day will still be when the Russian people reunite. And Gagarin’s place in the red corner of our glorious history!
    4. RoTTor
      RoTTor 9 March 2014 19: 06
      +2
      Our victories in the Great Patriotic War, in space, are the victories of the entire great Soviet people, of a new historical community.
      It was so real.
      AND WILL BE AGAIN !!! Then, taking into account the shame and mistakes that we have experienced over the past 25 years, our people will be invincible !!!
  15. Arh
    Arh 9 March 2014 13: 31
    +10
    The first ! ! ! * * *
  16. Renat
    Renat 9 March 2014 13: 32
    +9
    Such people make history along with Kalashnikov and the like. Her brightest page. But God also needs them. After all, he took it as a young man.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 9 March 2014 15: 36
      +5
      I agree. The West writes history, but we do it!
  17. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 9 March 2014 13: 36
    +10
    Modest, beautiful, kind - HERO not only of our time, but also of all the descendants of the planet EARTH! It is a pity that he lived so little in the world, he rest in peace!
    Surprisingly, our media only on great dates remember the HEROES of Russia, more and more about the "stars" who are famous for their impudence, vulgarity, immorality, and other vices.
  18. RoadRunner
    RoadRunner 9 March 2014 14: 08
    +7
    In 1945 Gagarin family moved to the city of Gzhatsk in the Smolensk region

    I will add that since then Gzhatsk was renamed Gagarin.
    All childhood spent there ... recourse
  19. Takashi
    Takashi 9 March 2014 15: 29
    +7
    recently watched the channel Friday.
    It is in Russian! said about the First astronaut-Ukrainian Gagarin !!!
    Moreover, neither Soviet nor Russian - namely Ukrainian.

    like this, the story unfolds :(
    1. parus2nik
      parus2nik 9 March 2014 15: 41
      +4
      And Bandera all Ukrainians, even H. Columbus
  20. parus2nik
    parus2nik 9 March 2014 15: 40
    +4
    One wonder why April 12 is not a public holiday? There is something and someone to remember, there is something to be proud of
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. Rusik.S
    Rusik.S 9 March 2014 15: 48
    +5


    stumbled on the internet
    1. Ulairy
      Ulairy 9 March 2014 22: 52
      +1
      Look, actually Enjokin is a cool cuts to Cool Bang vocals. Here and now this is not at all a topic. Sorry, but "-" ... Better choose the anniversary of the flight of the Americans to the moon ...
  23. loginovich
    loginovich 9 March 2014 17: 39
    +4
    Go!!! have something to be proud of
  24. Brummbar
    Brummbar 9 March 2014 17: 42
    +1
    What can I say the first of the great. But the question is not about what Cooky is, and why I was interrogated alone for half an hour, until I sent it in Russian and closed the page.
  25. Strezhevchanin
    Strezhevchanin 9 March 2014 18: 47
    +6
    Now I'm watching a movie about Yura, a little sad !!! We flew into space from the baseboard, from scratch, courage worthy of respect ..... no one in the world of this dosihpor even thought to condemn, challenge this event !!! Let's show the whole world that Russian people can do anything, we were born to make a fairy tale come true fellow. All forum users health astronaut fellow
  26. storm wind
    storm wind 9 March 2014 18: 51
    +3
    The Great and Bright Man who paved the way for the stars!
  27. RoTTor
    RoTTor 9 March 2014 19: 02
    +9
    It's a shame that Gagarin's 80th birthday was "blurred" with anything. Who among the youth really noticed him?
    But his flight is one of the most important events in the ALL HISTORY OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION. Yes, our Gagarin was the "arrowhead" - behind the flight of which stood the entire great Soviet people.
    The first two dozen of our astronauts knew everything by name and loved everything. Who now knows them from youth?
    I remember very well the day of April 12, 1961, and how in September 1962 all of Kiev honored Pavel Popovich.
    To the honor of P.R. Popovich, when they tried to declare him the first Ukrainian cosmonaut at the World Congress of Ukrainians, he said that he was the fourth Soviet cosmonaut and was proud of it. And when they began to praise there.
    Bandera and so on. demonstratively left the congress. And this - I saw it alive.

    The astronauts of the first sets survived units. These are OUR REAL HEROES, OUR REAL WEALTH !!! Let us protect them ourselves and make the authorities treat them the way they deserve it !!!
  28. crasever
    crasever 9 March 2014 19: 18
    +2
    Symbols of two eras - the smile of Gagarin and the grin of Abramovich ...
    1. Ulairy
      Ulairy 9 March 2014 22: 42
      0
      Well, why, do not poison the soul, do not remember (according to legend - "whoever remembers Abramushka, he will carry blood diarrhea"). DO NOT COMPARE, fu-fu!
  29. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 9 March 2014 20: 34
    +4
    Great man! I watched on the first channel a film about Yuri Gagarin, joyfully and sadly! Proud !!!
  30. sonovlad
    sonovlad 9 March 2014 20: 42
    +4
    "You know what kind of guy he was ..." (c)
  31. Des10
    Des10 9 March 2014 20: 56
    +6
    Our Russian smile and the strength of the people of the USSR.
  32. badger1974
    badger1974 9 March 2014 21: 02
    +6
    many thanks to the author of the post, more with these scrapes with benderlogs this bright name was at least not spoiled, and it's nice to watch and see the most excellent comments from the contributors of "MILITARY REVIEW", guys are all pluses-RESPECT
  33. Ulairy
    Ulairy 9 March 2014 22: 37
    +2
    Gagarin is a legend man himself! The first who after Heracles alive reached heaven! (the gods only helped the first, and the second - Korolev laughing ) Eternal Glory to the Great Heroes who looked from heaven on us, dunce .................
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 10 March 2014 01: 04
      0
      about Korolev here without snot, but you touched with Hercules, Hercules didn’t pretend to heaven in mythical grecelogy, he wasn’t supposed to, but Ikaru baton (Father Daedalus) made wings and so on, so can you talk about Icarus? Yury Leonov’s friend, directly said, they killed him, and they killed by accident, accidentally, the battle of the Heroes of the Soviet Union, and Arkhipich still proved that he was right in his conclusions
  34. Smiles to you
    Smiles to you 9 March 2014 22: 54
    +3
    Gagarin !!! USSR AND RUSSIA, proud of you !!!!
  35. typhoon7
    typhoon7 9 March 2014 23: 01
    +2
    Thanks to the author for the article. You need to remember your heroes. Yuri Alekseevich was a beautiful and bright soul man. May the Lord give him eternal memory.
  36. smurnoi
    smurnoi 10 March 2014 00: 00
    +4
    Gagarin, Kalashnikov, Kharlamov. The first is the son of a carpenter and milkmaid, the second was born on the seventeenth (!) In a peasant family, the third parents have a working bone. And these people have glorified their homeland throughout the world. And all three were distinguished by amazing modesty. Here is who the Soviet government gave a ticket to life. That's where the real land of equal opportunity was!
    PS I wanted to write about Gagarin and two more names came to mind. The list is open.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 10 March 2014 01: 10
      +1
      Friend of Yura Volodya Komarov, twice Hero of the USSR, seven-year school, and difficult youth, and a hero from heroes
  37. waisson
    waisson 10 March 2014 09: 45
    0
    And the guy he was without a question hi
  38. The comment was deleted.
  39. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 10 March 2014 12: 36
    +1
    The great man who has broken the fetters of the Earth, a symbol of freedom of striving for a brighter future. Bright man.
  40. Gagarin
    Gagarin 10 March 2014 13: 05
    +1
    GREAT NAME-VIVAT !!!
    Many "world" events will be erased in memory in a year or two,
    FIRST MAN IN SPACE - THIS IS FOREVER !!!
  41. negeroi
    negeroi 10 March 2014 14: 17
    +2
    The flight was abnormal. The ship got spinning. Gagarin saw flickering earth in the window ... I don’t know what he was experiencing, but he commented calmly. And I can imagine my hair standing on end .. one ... far from Earth .. in some kind of pan with a motor ... which rotates, therefore it’s not working ... and OUTSIDE flashes outside the window. Now I am writing and fucking hot. Hero, in a word Hero went to death, for the glory of the weapons of the Motherland. Didn't he know that the missiles are imperfect? He knew. It was just that he had such a job, to defend his homeland. The first in space was a military man.
  42. f-radar
    f-radar 10 March 2014 17: 22
    0
    God forbid that our land continue to give birth to such great people! love
  43. RoTTor
    RoTTor 10 March 2014 22: 24
    -1
    from the archive of N. Kamanin.
    1960-1961 years
    Centuries will pass, humanity will firmly settle in the near-solar space, and on all the planets where there will be a man, the name of Yuri Gagarin, the discoverer of space and the first citizen of the Universe, will never be forgotten. I write this, although I know better than anyone else that Gagarin is only a fluke, there could have been another in his place.

    http://modernlib.ru/books/kamanin_nikolay/skritiy_kosmos_kniga_1_19601963/read/

    This does not detract from the merits of Yuri Gagarin. But it confirms the Soviet principle, expressed in the song: "Anyone becomes our hero!" - just the choice of real Soviet people, patriots - potential heroes was really huge. And not for money!