In the article "Girshe lyakh your childrens rozpinyayut”(No. 7 (689) from 14 — 20.02.2014) I expressed the fear that the barricades on Khreshchatyk were not shared by the authorities and the opposition, but by Ukraine. In fact, two Ukraine: Western and South-Eastern. Subsequent events have confirmed this with all the dramatic obviousness.
In order to foresee such consequences of the anti-state insurrection, it is not necessary to have a special insight. We must have a little common sense. The leaders of the opposition, who called the Ukrainian people only Western Ukrainians and followed only their will, such, unfortunately, did not turn out at all. There is not even the slightest doubt that all the goals stated on the Independence could have been achieved by non-violent means as a result of the next presidential election in March 2015.
The fact that the opposition and the Western politicians supporting it did not want to wait turned out to be an incredible tragedy for the whole of Ukraine. Today, only talk that about the fault of Yanukovych and his entourage in the victims of Maidan. In this case, for some reason, the victims are called only the dead on the one hand, with the Maidan. On the dead from the other winners and do not remember. They do not lay flowers, do not put candles, do not call heroes. Meanwhile, both of them are the victims of power ambitions. Some are opposition leaders, others are powers that be.
At the same time, neither from the one nor the other side, the people who gave orders to shoot, did not receive even the smallest scratches. Others were sent to death. Moreover, at the critical moments of the confrontation themselves miraculously found themselves out of the blazing conflict. Thus all the victims Maidan on the conscience of the government and the opposition. Or - the opposition and the authorities. Both those and others, undoubtedly, will appear before a righteous court. stories.
In the company with them on the lava, there will be American-European "democrats" who fanned the all-Ukrainian fire with incredible effort. How many of them were in the rebellious tribune of the Maidan! Some gosdepovskie ladies even assimilated themselves to Jesus Christ and presented people with Maidan bread. Encouraging speeches were made from Western capitals.
To qualify this only as interference in Ukrainian affairs is too soft. With the sad experience of the Balkans and the Middle East, Western politicians could not be unaware of what their obsessive mentoring to Maidan, the calls to defend democracy and European values could turn into. With cynicism, they called Maidan peaceful even when he seized administrative buildings by force, mercilessly beat the police with armature and threw “Molotov cocktails” at her. So, gentlemen of the Euro-American Democrats, have the courage to admit their guilt for the Ukrainian victims.
For the victims and for the disregard of the very democratic values that Ukrainians call for. After all, at home you do not allow anything like our Maidan. We are all witnesses of how the United States brutally murdered participants in the action "Capture Wall Street" or in Germany with the Protestants in Hamburg. Some were beaten and handcuffed, others were also beaten and washed away with hoses from the streets. Why do you like us like that? Is it only because of revenge for Yanukovych and his entourage for unexpected disobedience?
Independence won. Approved the new government. Yatsenyuk, who received the post of prime minister, called the procedure for forming the Cabinet of Ministers unprecedented in the history of Ukraine.
Unfortunately, this is not entirely true. Tradition Maidan choice of power we have long, since the Cossack times. That is how many hetmans and atamans were chosen then. Former chopped up heads, new handed maces. A striking example of this could be the election in 1621 of the city of Hetman Sagaidachny, a protege of Poland. Arriving from Warsaw to the Cossack camp near Khotyn and stating that he had brought favors from the Polish king, he was able to attract the Cossacks to himself so that they immediately called him a new hetman. The old was immediately shackled and then, on the orders of Sagaidachny, they cut off his head.
It is incomprehensible that in the twenty-first century. We are inspired by those old, almost medieval traditions. And it is not necessary to rejoice, as was the case on the Maidan, and upset. This is yet another convincing evidence that the current Ukrainian statehood is very relative. This is also indicated by the personal composition of the Maidan Ministers. Ideologically, they represent only one force, and territorially, practically only one region. There is nothing to talk about the professionalism of ministers. Can such a government count on national recognition? The question is rhetorical.
The Verkhovna Rada also elected. about. the country's president. This amount of authority, as now Turchynov, never dreamed of the previous presidents. Including Yanukovych, who was accused by the opposition of dictatorship.
But there is one significant problem. For many, in our country and abroad, this election raises serious questions. After all, Ukraine has a de jure popularly elected president. He did not renounce power, and among the legal grounds for depriving him of his post there is no such clause as “self-withdrawal”. At the time when Verkhovna Rada made such a strange decision, he was in Kharkov, therefore, in the performance of his official duties. And if we are guided by the Constitution, and not by revolutionary expediency, it is impossible to dismiss this circumstance so easily.
You can treat the president’s flight from rebellious Kiev in different ways - as a manifestation of cowardice or as a desire to save the life of your family. But it is abundantly clear that by doing so he deprived the opposition of the pleasure to apply the constitutional provision to the given case: “In the event of the death of the president.” And the fact that some hotheads from the opposition did not rule out such an outcome was clearly stated on the nightly television show of the notorious Savik Shuster. Everyone who watched this program remembers how sharp the reaction was caused by the first president, Leonid Kravchuk, who was forced to leave the program.
Many argue that at this critical moment in our history, the Verkhovna Rada became the only legitimate authority. Formally and legally, this is probably true, but not morally. Here she demonstrated a complete failure. We all, especially the voters of the south-east, should be ashamed of the “regional” deputies. Some of them left ahead of time a sinking domineering ship, others surrendered to the victors later. At the same time, both of them and others unanimously renounced all the deed of the Yanukovych regime, as well as of himself.
As it is typical for our Ukrainian mentality. Acknowledging that there is nothing unusual in such behavior of people's representatives, it is nevertheless difficult to get rid of the feeling of bitterness for such behavior. There was not enough courage to lay down the parliamentary powers, which would be fair: since they themselves recognized the actions of their leader as criminal, they would at least share the blame with him. How to rule a country and make a fortune for yourself, as well as with Yanukovych, and how to respond - only to him alone. I wonder if we would be happy with such a fiery exposing speech of the head of the Party of Regions faction, if Yanukovych were the winner?
Now the Verkhovna Rada is stamping its decisions with unprecedented unanimity. It is also possible that it works under the supervision of the Maidan, part of which with the armored personnel carrier moved to the walls of the legislature. Definitely, for the sensation, although such stimulation, judging by the unanimity of the deputies, is not required. With any single Sasha Bilogo would be enough.
There is no doubt that under the supervision of the Maidan, the May presidential elections will be held. It is quite predictable and their outcome. And the West, they will be recognized as the most democratic. As it was in 2005, when, under the supervision of the same Maidan, a third round of elections was held, not provided for by the Constitution.
You can admire the Maidan, as part of Ukrainian society does, but you can also think about why it is here that it is the authority that forms power. And if we think about it, we will have to admit that in all the years of independence we have not been able to create a state that would stand on firm legal basis.
We change the constitution for each new president. We can not decide on the form of statehood. With equal enthusiasm, the people's representatives alternately introduce either presidential-parliamentary or parliamentary-presidential form of government. Adopt laws that serve the interests of not the state and people, but the oligarchic clans in power. Some laws as quickly as adopted and canceled. At the same time, the same composition of legislators, each time demonstrating their “principles”.
A feature of clan statehood is corruption, bribery, and embezzlement. I readily believe the statements of the new government that the old one was completely immersed in these sins and left her (and all of us) an empty treasury. True, if they themselves were honest, they would recognize that the many-month standing of the Maidan would be well served by this void. No wonder the people came up with a ditty for this occasion: "We do not sow and do not plow, we are peacefully dancing on the Maidan." Even for a developed economy, such a socio-political crisis would not have passed without a trace, for ours it is completely destructive.
Returning to the statement of Yatsenyuk, it should be noted that it almost exactly repeats the similar statement of Azarov 2010 that they received from the "orange" predecessors the empty treasury. While maintaining a clan-based opaque system of governance, we will listen to similar statements in the future.
In order to convince the public of the corruption of Yanukovych and his entourage, the new authorities organize excursions to Mezhigorye, show the mansions of the Prosecutor General and other representatives of the authorities. Of course, it makes a depressing impression. So bartering in a poor country where millions of people cannot make ends meet is absolutely immoral. And I have no regrets about the expropriation of these estates and palaces in favor of the state.
But there is one small "but." In the same, and in some cases, more luxurious palaces are inhabited by the leaders of the opposition (now the new government). Some of the palaces match the White House in Washington. They were also erected not on salaries alone, and why should activists of Maidan not build their own excursion routes there. I think they would be replenished with impressions not worse than those experienced in Mezhigorye. Yes, and the general public could show how its current leaders live, as they are for the welfare of ordinary Ukrainians.
Today, the new government is outraged by what is happening in the south-east of Ukraine, regarding it as a manifestation of separatism. If you do not know that being an opposition, she encouraged exactly the same thing in the west and in the center of Ukraine, you could join in this outrage. But we know how the Western Ukraine regions had previously left the central government in Kiev. As by force, the buildings of state administrations were seized and some kind of “people's radas” were established without prior arrangement. Representatives of presidential power were humiliated and even indulged in public execution.
Of course, this was a very bad example, as many authors stated in the 2000 weekly. But then the simple truth that in a glass house is not thrown stones, for some reason did not occur to the opposition. She came to fruition only when she became power and herself faced a similar problem.
But how can we now explain to the people of the south-east that their actions are dangerous to the integrity of the country, if they only repeat what was shown by the former opposition in Western Ukraine and then was not perceived as something unacceptable? How can you be persuaded not to create militarized self-defense detachments in the southeast, if you yourself created such in the west of the country and in Kiev, and with the help of which you came to power? The task is extremely difficult, if at all solvable.
Recently, I had the occasion to listen to an interview with the chairman of the Supreme Council of Crimea, Mr. Konstantinov, who calmly stated that they had learned everything from the former Kiev oppositionists and in essence only repeated their earlier actions. How can you not remember the wise proverb: “What you sow, you will reap”.
Three months boomed in revolt west and center of Ukraine, now it is the turn of the south-east. Then they refused to recognize the power of President Yanukovych, now they refuse to recognize the power that Maidan created. It is considered illegitimate.
By and large, people of the south-east are afraid of this government, which asserts the values of only one region in the country, denies other parts of Ukraine the right to study their history, to use their native Russian (and that’s half the Ukrainians) of the Russian language, smashing monuments to their heroes World War II, Russian political, military and cultural figures.
Television cadres of bullying Volynsk governor, secretary of the Lviv KPU regional committee, public humiliations of law enforcement officers, raids of Right Sector detachments in the cities of the southeast to seize administrative institutions further aggravate this fear.
An ambulance on the adoption of various decisions, the new government hastens to condemn the southeast, calling what is happening there separatism. This is both unfair and politically illiterate. The demands for greater independence of the regions, the federal administrative-territorial structure, linguistic and cultural autonomy have nothing to do with separatism. Until now, no region and even the Autonomous Republic of Crimea have declared their withdrawal from Ukraine.
It is necessary not to aggravate the passions, but to take urgent measures to stabilize the situation. The first and indispensable condition of the internal peace in the country is the closure of the Maidan. It is necessary to immediately disarm his paramilitaries and send people home. At the same time, it is necessary to cancel the decision of the Verkhovna Rada on the abolition of the law on the languages of Kivalov-Kolesnichenko. It is completely harmless to the Ukrainian language, but somewhat raised the status of the Russian. Not to the level of the second state, as promised by the Party of Regions, but before the official regional one. I think in modern conditions this is minimal, which the southeast can agree on. Tomorrow he may demand more.
The Verkhovna Rada and the new government should urgently develop a system of legal provisions on the gradual federalization of the country, which would take into account the historical, cultural and economic characteristics of all its regions. It is necessary to abandon once and for all the impossible dream of turning Ukraine into Great Galicia.
We must recognize by law that we are different and will remain so in the foreseeable future. If you do not consider federalization, as they say, from above, it will be realized from below. But then, it is possible, with certain losses for Ukraine.
For all sensible people, it is absolutely clear that Ukraine needs serious and systemic transformations. Without this, she, like a sovereign and democratic state, has no future.
Will the new government at the level of such sanity?