Military Review

200 anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko

60
At the Smolensk cemetery in St. Petersburg at the entrance to the Church of the Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God lies a large stone with the gilded inscription "Taras Shevchenko." This is the site of the first burial of the famous Ukrainian poet, who died in St. Petersburg from a serious illness almost on his birthday, February 26 (March 10) 1861.




The future Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko was born on February 25 (March 9) 1814 in a family of serfs in the village of Morintsy, Zvenigorod district, Kiev province, but grew up in the village of Kirillovka of the same district and considered him their homeland. The childhood of Taras was hard. Mother died very early, and the stepmother did not love other people's children. When Shevchenko's father died, Taras was only 11 years old of the Legacy, and he did not leave any younger son, saying: “Son Taras doesn’t need anything from my farm; he will not be some kind of man: either a very good one will come out of him, or a big villain; for him, my inheritance will mean nothing, or will not help anything. ” Stepmother smacked him for any wrongdoing, and sometimes for no reason. The boy liked to draw, and he was sent to training clerks-painters. There, too, I had to endure beatings, and Taras ran away from the teachers.

Soon the intelligent guy was sent to the landowner Engelhardt. Taras hoped that he would be made a indoor painter, but the landowner decided differently and determined him to be a Cossack in the front. Sitting idle in the corner of the front was boring, and Shevchenko secretly drew anyway. Somehow the landowner found him behind this occupation and, realizing that it was useless to fight, he gave a room painter to study. The teenager was a clear talent for painting, and Engelhardt hoped to make money on it.

Taras Shevchenko studied in Vilna and in Warsaw. In Warsaw, he met his first love, a girl with free views, which made him think about his position. As the poet recalled later: “For the first time I came to the thought, why shouldn't we, the Crepaca, be the same people as other free estates”.

In 1832, Engelhardt moved to St. Petersburg, taking Shevchenko with him. The young man painted portraits of his friends, which the landowner then sold. Somehow Taras painted statues in the Summer Garden and met the Little Russian artist Soshenko. Tom liked the work of Shevchenko, and friendship began between them. Soshenko connected an illiterate serf boy to the public life of St. Petersburg. At this time, the landowner gave Shevchenko a contract to painter Shiryaev.

Most of the day Taras Shevchenko worked in the painter's workshop, and in his spare time, along with Soshenko, he went to art galleries. The artist supplied him with drawing supplies and books, helped him in every possible way. He introduced Shevchenko to Little Russian writer Grebenka, the conference secretary of the Academy of Arts Grigorovich, with the artist Bryullov. Soon the court painter Venetsianov and Zhukovsky learned about Taras. Once Zhukovsky asked Shevchenko to write an essay about the artist's life. Probably, he saw the talent in the young man, as he began to vigorously trouble about his redemption.

Bryullov painted a portrait of Zhukovsky, who then played the lottery. It was attended by persons of the imperial family, and the proceeds were sufficient to buy Shevchenko from Engelhardt. The landowner broke up with the serf for two and a half thousand rubles. So 22 April 1838, at the age of 24 years Taras Shevchenko freed from serfdom.

He entered the Academy of Arts, diligently attended classes, especially Bryullov’s studio, which soon fell in love and brought his talented pupil closer to him. The classes went well, but Shevchenko’s financial situation did not improve, he often lived in debt. Together with freedom came to him a poetic gift. In overcast St. Petersburg, Shevchenko often recalled the native Little Russia, its nature, history.

The very first poetic works of Shevchenko belong to the 1838 year, from the earliest he calls “Causal”, written in the Summer Garden. He wrote on scraps of paper that were scattered everywhere. In 1840, with the help of Combs, these scraps were put in order, and the first book of Shevchenko, Kobzar, was printed. It includes poems "Naymichka", "Causal", "Drowned", "Ivan Pidkova", "Tarasov Nych", "Katerina". In the Ukraine, the book was greeted with enthusiasm, but metropolitan critics, including Belinsky, reacted disapprovingly to it and advised the author to write in the general literary language. Shevchenko used real folk, South Russian language and subjects from the life of ordinary people. Following the "Kobzar" appeared the second book "Gaydamaki".

In 1843, Shevchenko received the title of a free artist and went home. Despite his fame, he still had no money, as well as his own housing. The poet often moved from one city to another. In addition, the artistic environment has taught him to drink. Shevchenko was friends with Princess Repnina, who tried to help him and dissuaded him from drinking drunkenness in letters.

In 1845, Shevchenko stopped in Kiev, where he was approved as a drawing teacher at Kiev University. The poet began to study antiquity, painted ancient buildings. He became close to the participants in the Cyril and Methodius Society, which promoted among landowners the idea of ​​freeing the people from serfdom. In 1847, the society fell under suspicion of the police, and its members were arrested. Shevchenko got more than others - in some of his poems they saw sedition. For this, the poet was sentenced to the soldier’s service in Orenburg with the prohibition to write and draw.

Shevchenko served his service first in Orenburg, then he was assigned to the Orsk fortress. The poet endured the harsh conditions of detention, the joyless bare steppe and the inability to do his favorite work. The expedition brought relief to the lower reaches of the Syr Darya and the Aral Sea, where Shevchenko painted coastal shapes for days. After that, he spent another seven years in the deep Novopetrovsky fortification on the western tip of the Mangyshlak Peninsula.

Since 1853, the situation of Shevchenko has improved significantly, they began to release him from hard work, even from service, and were called upon only in urgent and necessary cases. The poet could now live outside the barracks and spent the whole summer usually in the garden of the commandant, with whom he dined. He made himself a small dugout that still exists and is known as “Shevchenko’s house”.

200 anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko


When Alexander II ascended the throne, many received a pardon, but not Shevchenko. He was helped by friends in Petersburg. Countess Tolstaya and her husband, who was then vice-president of the Academy of Arts, took up the efforts to free the poet. They were quite influential, and they paid attention to their petition. The case of the soldier Taras Shevchenko was sent for review and, finally, on July 21 of the year 1857 received an official notice of his release, and in early August the poet went to St. Petersburg through Astrakhan and Nizhny Novgorod.

In February, 1858, Shevchenko received permission to live in St. Petersburg and study at the Academy of Arts. After a heavy soldier’s service of poetry, he almost did not write, in secular society he was bored and dreamed of returning to his homeland. In the spring of next year, he finally broke into Little Russia and visited his sister. Then he returned to St. Petersburg and made the final decision to leave and settle on the banks of the Dnieper. The poet was already 45 years old, but his housing was still not there. Together with a friend, he chose a place near Kanev, on the right bank of the Dnieper, to buy the manor. In the personal life of the poet also no luck. Shevchenko tried several times to woo, but failed. In recent years, he was no longer looking for a wife, but simply a hostess, but still unsuccessfully.

Even before the conclusion of Shevchenko was going to do the spread of literacy among the people and in St. Petersburg, he set about doing business. So the Little Russian ABC compiled by him appeared. Future plans were also to write textbooks on arithmetic, ethnography, history and geography in Ukrainian, but Shevchenko did not have time to carry out his plans. Since the end of 1860, the poet has become seriously ill. Doctors diagnosed dropsy and advised him to beware. Shevchenko was staying at home. Friends visited him, and in February 1861, he barely got out of bed. February 26 (March 10) at five o'clock in the morning the poet drank a glass of tea and went downstairs to his workshop; but here he became ill, he fell down and died half an hour later.

Dust Shevchenko was buried first at the Smolensk cemetery in St. Petersburg, and then transported in the coffin, covered by the Cossack custom of pure red Chinese, to Ukraine, according to the last will of the deceased. The last return home was difficult. The fact is that because of being in exile, Shevchenko was considered an unreliable political criminal, and for his burial in Little Russia, official permission of the authorities was required. Therefore, until receiving this permission, the friends decided to temporarily bury the poet in Petersburg. In Little Russia, too, did not immediately determine the place for the grave. In Kiev, the Metropolitan forbade the burying of Shevchenko, and then friends decided to take the coffin to Kaniv, on the Black Mountain, where the poet wanted to settle.

The last stage of the funeral procession went solemnly: Kiev students joined it, girls in bright folk costumes and wreaths were voting in front of the coffin. 22 May 1861, the poet’s coffin was finally buried in a crypt on the Black Mountain, which was immediately renamed Tarasov Mountain. The tomb was disturbed only once, in the 1939 year, after which it was decided to wall the entrance with a reinforced concrete slab, so that even during the occupation the Germans did not touch Shevchenko’s grave.

The building of the Academy of Fine Arts on the University Embankment in St. Petersburg has a memorial workshop-museum of Taras Shevchenko preserved. He had a great influence on Ukrainian literature as a popular peasant poet. Also, his work was reflected in Polish literature, his poems translated into many Slavic languages.
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  1. svp67
    svp67 9 March 2014 20: 48 New
    16
    He would probably have gone crazy - seeing what was happening now ...
    1. platitsyn70
      platitsyn70 9 March 2014 21: 20 New
      11
      what was the country what were the people, and what became, banderlogs.
      How to die bury
      On the Ukraine, sweet,
      In the middle of the wide steppe
      Dig a grave
      To lie on the mound
      Over the mighty river
      To hear the rage
      Old Dnieper under the steep.
      And when from the fields of Ukraine
      Blood of the enemies of the hateful
      He will carry ... then I
      I will rise from the grave -
      I rise and reach
      God's threshold
      Pray ... And as long as
      I do not know god.
      Bury and get up
      Break the chains
      Evil enemy blood
      Sprinkle the will.
      And me in a great family,
      In a free, new family,
      Do not forget - remember
      A kind, quiet word.
      1. anarh
        anarh 9 March 2014 22: 55 New
        +3
        Quote: platitsyn70
        How to die bury
        On the Ukraine, sweet,
        In the middle of the wide steppe
        Dig a grave

        It was then that I thought about the imperfection of translations.
        It would seem closer and more related languages ​​difficult to find.
        But in Ukrainian it sounds different.
        I will write in transcription, i.e. Russian letters.
        Add a soft "g".
        "Yak will die, then pohovaite
        Mane at the grave
        Serad step to wide,
        On Vkrajini soaps. "
        Having made Ukrainian the only state language of the Kiev government, they took very seriously
        to (strangely enough) kill the real Ukrainian, perverting him to surzhik.
        1. avt
          avt 10 March 2014 10: 05 New
          +2
          Quote: anarh
          It was then that I thought about the imperfection of translations.
          It would seem closer and more related languages ​​difficult to find.

          But the author himself didn’t care about “translations” during his lifetime. He wrote poetry in mov, prose in Russian, and even kept diaries in Russian.
        2. Lelek
          Lelek 10 March 2014 12: 27 New
          +4
          By Vkrainiy thoughts he meant Ukraine, not Banderland. stop
      2. jjj
        jjj 9 March 2014 23: 41 New
        0
        The words of another poet take on a different meaning:

        Tell me, Ukraine
        Isn't this rye
        Taras Shevchenko
        Daddy lies
      3. The comment was deleted.
      4. PKTRL
        PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 09 New
        0
        How to die bury
        In Ukraine, dear, ..
        Did you mean: "..yak will die ta pohovaite mene bilya oak .." - this is the original
        1. SHAKESPEARE
          SHAKESPEARE 10 March 2014 12: 49 New
          +4
          Ho.ol will remain Khokhl, If only let him go to Europe, Where it is necessary to act wisely. He only annoys jo.u, And that’s why in Russia, Bequeathed already by Monomakh, God forbid contact, With three - a Jew, a crest and a Pig! The Jew is insidious, although blind, Puffy Lyakh, worse than bl..i! and he will eat bread with you, And then he will spoil you in soup! T.G.Shevchenko 1851.
        2. Bender147
          Bender147 11 March 2014 00: 29 New
          -1
          What oak? lol
          "Yak will die, then praise
          Mene at the grave
          Middle step wide
          On Ukrainian Miles,
          Shchob fallow deer broad,
          І Dnіpro, і kruchі
          Bulo is visible, Bulo is almost
          Yak roaring.
          Yak carry from Ukraine
          At the blue sea
          I believe in blood ... I’m moving away
          I fallow and burn -
          All leave, I polina
          To God Himself
          Pray ... and before that
          I do not know God.
          Kick that get up
          Kaydani break
          I hostile evil blood
          Will be sprinkled.
          I am in this great,
          In this free, new,
          Do not forget to remember
          We are indulgent in a quiet word. "
          (original)
          1. Theophanes
            Theophanes 11 March 2014 06: 25 New
            +1
            This is not the original — this is the Soviet census! yaku give out for the original !!!
      5. The comment was deleted.
    2. Samaritan
      Samaritan 9 March 2014 21: 41 New
      0
      Of course I did, that's what they write now:
      INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE RIGHT SECTOR IN THE REGIONS
      1. The structure of people according to pidrozdilah.
      2. Conduct propaganda mid-wide mas. Revolution! Special respect for the security forces.
      3. Organize the selection of power in the world.
      4. Neutralization is an active anti-Ukrainian element.
      5. Rozbudovuvati i control self-defense.
      6. Trimati permanent post from the Kiev headquarters of the “Right Sector” (+38 (068) 871-35-60).
      7. We prepare buti to dyalnostі in illegal minds.
      8. Safeguarding and ekіpіrovuvati pіdrozdіli all necessary.
      9. By order of the General Staff, there were people in Kiev and in the oblast.
      PS The commanders and patrons will arrive in Kiev for the knowledge and instruction. Call on those who have all contact phones heard.
      http://pravyysektor.info/slider/instruktsiya-dlya-pravoho-sektoru-v-oblastyah/
    3. Rus2012
      Rus2012 9 March 2014 21: 44 New
      +5
      Quote: svp67
      He would probably have gone crazy - seeing what was happening now ...

      And these creatures who have no conscience, but who have arrogance beyond measure, call him their own, robbed, sold the whole legacy -
      The mystery of the secret export of several tons of valuable cargo in collection vehicles under the security of the Security Service of Ukraine from the Kiev Borispol airport at 2 in the morning of 7 in March was unraveled without customs inspection. According to a competent source, valuables were exported from several state-owned warehouses of Ukraine on several trucks that night, the total value of which, according to Kuchma (2003 year), is about 27 billion dollars. These are ancient gold items, paintings, unique historical artifacts. Back in the Yushchenko period, US intelligence agencies had already made an attempt to export these values, the pearl of which are “Scythian treasures”. The current Kiev authorities voluntarily transferred them to their American patrons as collateral for a loan to finance an already completed coup d'etat and an upcoming military provocation against Russia. Regardless of the outcome of the latter, the Americans and their Kiev puppets insured possible damage at the expense of the people of Ukraine.

      http://anna-news.info/node/13972
      1. SHILO
        SHILO 9 March 2014 23: 20 New
        +1
        Quote: Rus2012
        These are ancient gold items, paintings, unique historical artifacts.


        I saw this news. Maybe ... Maybe because more than tons of boxes are not enough for the gold reserve in 30, but for this good is enough. By the way! The bad sign (in a compartment with PMCs) is that the guys decided to decide on the most hu ... (sorry!) The vile option is Syrian.
      2. The comment was deleted.
        1. SHILO
          SHILO 10 March 2014 00: 38 New
          +1
          Quote: PCTRL
          For the right sector Shevchenko your .. You read about his life and Soviet books, at least


          Buddy. When you are trying to talk to someone, there is such a function "Quote" (this is when you click "Reply" - to the right). And then you will not be able to talk between the blind and the deaf, that is, I mean "gold", and you mean Shevchenko, what do you see on the screen .. hi
      3. PKTRL
        PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 13 New
        0
        For the right sector Shevchenko your .. You read about his life and Soviet books, at least
      4. wax
        wax 11 March 2014 17: 12 New
        0
        27 billion dollars is Kuchma's estimate in 2003, now it costs at least twice as much. But the United States, it seems, acquired them for 1 (one) billion, and even then with a return, moreover, with the guarantees of the junta to serve "faithfully" the interests of NATO (count, all the same States). In exchange for guarantees of life for the members of the junta. This is a special operation! Ukraine! - how did you manage to fuck yourself?
    4. PKTRL
      PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 06 New
      +3
      would not go crazy, because he was at that time and in ours a pure separatist! he was hiding from the tsarist secret police in Kiev for participating against "tsarism", never worked (boring ..), was engaged in robbery and robbery. Therefore, he dumped in Peter. He lived in Gatchina for about 6 years. And, of course, always in rented apartments. For what shishi ..?! Verse read him, pure "Cossack", and yours and ours ...
    5. PKTRL
      PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 06 New
      0
      would not go crazy, because he was at that time and in ours a pure separatist! he was hiding from the tsarist secret police in Kiev for participating against "tsarism", never worked (boring ..), was engaged in robbery and robbery. Therefore, he dumped in Peter. He lived in Gatchina for about 6 years. And, of course, always in rented apartments. For what shishi ..?! Verse read him, pure "Cossack", and yours and ours ...
    6. apro
      apro 10 March 2014 02: 04 New
      +3
      No, he called for this - for Ukrainian exclusivity. Hollowing out the fact that the Ukrainian is not Russian, he achieved a lot. Like his lines-God forbid, get rid of three Jewish Ukrainians and Poles. A Jew is crafty, although he’s blind, puffy Poles ... and ... he will eat bread with you and then shit in your soup ...
    7. APASUS
      APASUS 10 March 2014 11: 09 New
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      He would probably have gone crazy - seeing what was happening now ...

      Shevchenko’s life is like a country he praised in verse.
      The same difficult, dense and looking for his place in the world.

      I marvel at the thought of that thought:
      Why haven’t I stopped, why haven’t I been pouring?
      Why should I, God, never let krill be?
      I would leave the earth and go to heaven!

      Far away for gloomy, filed an ode to svіtu,
      Shukat sobі dolі, on the mountain privіtu,
      I caresses in the sun, pass through the z_rok,
      I show yourself clearly in time.

      More often than not, I’m the last one, I don’t give a prayer.
      Nothing at all, not at all.
      I’m a stranger to God, a stranger to people!
      Well, who are the children?
  2. Salamander
    Salamander 9 March 2014 20: 49 New
    +1
    Well, not exactly for the Military Review ... But all the same about Ukraine. I think Shevchenko would have been horrified that the Banderlogists consider him "theirs." It's one thing to recreate a culture, and quite another to create your own nationalist state, in which people who are not at all like Shevchenko will rule, by no means ...
    1. from punk
      from punk 9 March 2014 20: 54 New
      +4
      Quote: Salamander
      Well, not really for the Military Review ... But still about Ukraine. But he would not support Taras Shevchenko’s modern, up-to-date ones; he was a real Ukrainian patriot.

      Well, at least something is not about Ukraine
      1. Salamander
        Salamander 9 March 2014 20: 59 New
        0
        Well, yes, otherwise I don’t know what to write in the comments, all about Ukraine and about Ukraine what
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. PKTRL
      PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 15 New
      0
      You did not study well at school (Soviet ..!) Or you are not able to analyze events ..!
      1. Curculum
        Curculum 11 March 2014 08: 04 New
        0
        Quote: PCTRL
        You did not study well at school (Soviet ..!)

        It's fun to read such comments wink
        But where is the syntax and punctuation taught now?
  3. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 9 March 2014 21: 09 New
    +3
    There is a cloud behind Lyman,
    And the other from the field:
    Sad Ukraine -
    Such a share!
    Sad, cried
    Like a little kid
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. PKTRL
      PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 23 New
      +5
      Shevchenko matured as a poet during the heyday of Bismarck, who "muddied" the plan for a clash of fraternal peoples. Until the middle of the 19th century, the Ukrainian language (primer) did not exist, because the Ukrainian language was one of the dialects of Russian (well .., and even more so the countries of Ukraine, agree ..?!).
      Why are you all succumbing to the herd instinct ?!
  4. siberalt
    siberalt 9 March 2014 21: 21 New
    +5
    He was a kid, his parents were Russian - but I remembered from Shevchenko by heart: “the wide roar and stagnes, looking out from the clouds ... (I make mistakes in pronunciation, but was shocked) What a melodious, unusually bright and figurative dialect of the Russian language! Did the fucking Westerners MADE with him?
  5. RoTTor
    RoTTor 9 March 2014 21: 53 New
    +5
    T.G.Shevchenko wrote his personal diaries exclusively in Russian.

    TG Shevchenko was redeemed from serfdom by Russian people and was educated at the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts.

    The hardships and deprivations of his soldiery are a propaganda tale, talentedly portrayed in the film "Taras Shevchenko".

    In fact, as an academician, he participated for several years as an artist in Butakov’s hydrographic expeditions in the Aral Sea, and during the inter-navigational period he was engaged in desk work and drawing portraits of local authorities. Naval officers, graduates of the Marine Corps in St. Petersburg, treated him, St. Petersburg Academician, cordially.

    The fact that his pan Engelgadt so cared for a little boy, one of his thousands of serfs, makes it possible for a number of researchers to assume that it was he who was his father.

    Inflated to ... the cult of Shevchenko in sovereign Ukraine and the widespread installation of monuments to him - a consequence of a shortage of heroes: non-Soviet and non-Russian.

    And yet, the ugly fashion of "independent" to write and talk "in Ukraine" instead of the usual and competent "in Ukraine" contradicts ... TG Shevchenko.

    In his "Zapoviti", which was taught in schools throughout the USSR (!!!), he wrote:
    "Yak will die, then praise
    Mene couldn’t,
    mid-steppe wide
    ON UKRAINE..."

    He was a good poet, a good artist. Well...
    Very unhappy and offended in his personal life.

    The day of his reburial in Ukraine on May 22 has long been used by nationalists for sabbaths: "they took our Kobzar away from those who were sworn to her."

    This portrait of him is masquerade, but made canonical. He was so dressed up for laughter; in most of his lifetime portraits and self-portraits he is not at all like that.
    1. mamba
      mamba 9 March 2014 22: 49 New
      +6
      Quote: RoTTor
      ON Vkrainі miles ... "

      It turns out that it is right to call Ukraine Vkrayina?
      The most sober analysis of the work of Taras Grigorievich was given by his contemporaries Drahomanov and Belinsky. Drahomanov argued that Shevchenko was never a revolutionary, nor a democrat, nor a socialist. After all, if he was a fighter for the freedom of serfs, then how to explain the behavior of the feudal landlords who watered and fed him, carried him in their arms, and the Polish gentry, Russophobic chauvinists, sang hosanna to him? But, in addition to the fact that the “democrat” and “revolutionary” Shevchenko was a goat-coffin and a poleophile, he was also distinguished by a special Russophobia. It was especially vividly manifested in his work before his arrest in 1847.
      Weak knowledge of history and Shevchenko’s narrow horizons, with his hypertrophied love for “days, those Buryans”, a tendency to sob, and the fact that “he either denied or did not want to take into account many clear and well-known facts,” in order to “preserve its exclusivity”, that was the ground upon which the Polish Russophobic chauvinism, grafted to him by his Polish “friends”, was laid. This Russophobia then issued his resentment, bitterness - “destroying”, for his serfdom, in hatred of Russian tsars, Muscovites, and thereby distorted his perception of the world: “Having rewritten my“ Blind ”scepter, that cry over her, a bit like a devil I’m for such a grih, why am I confessing, I’m a Nazi muzzle, am, callous, I’m a Nazi muzzle, with a word. ”
      Gogol also mentioned the causeless malice that also extended to children (That number of Muscovites, / Little Ditin):
      - There is a lot of tar, and even more, tar more than poetry itself ... Yes, and language ... ... Little Russians and Russians need one poetry, calm and strong, imperishable poetry of truth, kindness and beauty. I know and love Shevchenko as a countryman and gifted artist. But he was ruined by our wise men, prompting him to works alien to true talent. They still chew on European, long-thrown gum. Russian and Little Russia are twin souls, replenishing one another, dear and equally strong. It is impossible to give preference to one to the detriment of the other. Anyone who writes now should not think of hatred; first of all, he must confront himself with the one who gave us the eternal human word ...
      And only after 10 years of service in the Russian army, Taras Grigoryevich little by little began to feel himself involved in Russian literature and the Russian people.
      More details: http://za.zubr.in.ua/2013/02/17/19864/
  6. Ulairy
    Ulairy 9 March 2014 22: 18 New
    +1
    Well? Those who know classical literature and lovers of a strong "iamba" already know who Taras Shevchenko is ... (and I strongly suspect that many Russian city streets are named after him). Yes, I read both Shevchenko and Gogol ... It doesn't mean anything now. As for me (R), you shouldn't bash the names of the classics just "as an example". They would not have dreamed of the current situation of "Great, White and Small" in a terrible afterlife dream. And, by the way, he was a peasant poet more than a Ukrainian one. And the peasantry in the Russian Empire was equally difficult for everyone. So - an article (not a minus, of course, let it be) on lit. overview. I don't know, honestly, why she's here.
    1. RoTTor
      RoTTor 9 March 2014 22: 30 New
      -1
      she’s here because Shevchenko served for 10 years (for more details, see my comment) as a soldier with the right of service, which he did not use. So - on the topic!
    2. The comment was deleted.
  7. RoTTor
    RoTTor 9 March 2014 22: 23 New
    +2
    • T.G.Shevchenko wrote his personal diaries and letters, a number of works exclusively in Russian.

    TG Shevchenko was bought from serfdom by Russian people for an incredible amount (an officer, the elite of that time, received 30-40 rubles a month) and was educated at the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts.

    The hardships and deprivations of his soldiery are a propaganda tale, talentedly portrayed in the film "Taras Shevchenko".

    In fact, as an academician, he participated for several years as an artist in Butakov’s hydrographic expeditions in the Aral Sea, and during the inter-navigational period he was engaged in desk work and drawing portraits of local authorities. Naval officers, graduates of the Marine Corps in St. Petersburg, treated him, St. Petersburg Academician, cordially.

    The fact that his pan Engelgadt so cared for a little boy, one of his thousands of serfs, makes it possible for a number of researchers to assume that it was he who was his father.

    Inflated to ... the cult of Shevchenko in sovereign Ukraine and the widespread installation of monuments to him - a consequence of a shortage of heroes: not Soviet and not Russian.

    And yet, the ugly fashion of "independent" to write and talk "in Ukraine" instead of the usual and competent "in Ukraine" contradicts ... TG Shevchenko.

    In his "Zapoviti", which was taught in schools throughout the USSR (!!!), he wrote:
    "Yak will die, then praise
    Mene couldn’t,
    mid-steppe wide
    ON Vkrainі miles ... "

    He was a good poet, a good artist. Well...
    Very unhappy and offended in his personal life.

    The day of his reburial in Ukraine on May 22 has long been used by nationalists for sabbaths: "they took our Kobzar from the damned willows."

    This portrait of him is masquerade, but made canonical. He was so dressed up for laughter; in most of his lifetime portraits and self-portraits he is not at all like that.
    • Well, a completely secular person could not walk in the capital of the empire in a rural casing.
    Ivan Franko, as a poet, writer, philosopher, historian, playwright, public figure, was three heads taller, but not so “promoted” by propaganda.
    Outside of Ukraine and the USSR, Shevchenko is better known ... to emigrants - from former policemen and SSovtsy.
    How healthy, joyful and solemn the whole Soviet people celebrated the 150th anniversary of Shevchenko’s birth, and how lousy the 200th anniversary is. Again, the nationalist anti-Russian coven is made of the anniversary of the Russian artist and poet, who wrote in Ukrainian.
  8. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 9 March 2014 22: 37 New
    +2
    Poetry is so-so, it’s just that it’s better not to speak Ukrainian, so it was promoted in Soviet times, and it allegedly exposed the crimes of tsarism. And the fact that he is a pathological Russophobe has always been known. And completely in a modern way. Its owner, a Ukrainian pan, surrendered to the army for 25 years, the Russians bought it, took it to the capital, and began to carry it in its arms. At that time, Shevchenko was constantly writing poetry that Mos-Kali was to blame for everything (he used that very word, you can check it). At least one good word would be written, only dirt. What a prophet, such a people.
  9. Oleg Prophetic
    Oleg Prophetic 9 March 2014 23: 12 New
    +2
    That is, he is not loving Moskva_to a fact. but as the teacher at the institute told us, and she didn’t write a single one about him, many of her writers wrote that it’s not so much about you. How much Ukrainian corruption. laziness and dullness.
    1. Lelek
      Lelek 10 March 2014 12: 39 New
      +2
      Some hero of the film said: "... they used to be spiritualized faces, but now they are a mug ...". (the latter means Tyagnibok, Bely, Klitschko, Yushchenko, Tymoshenko, Yatsenyuk, etc., etc.) bully
      1. wax
        wax 11 March 2014 17: 20 New
        0
        Is there anything spiritualized on these faces?
  10. dr.star75
    dr.star75 9 March 2014 23: 20 New
    +1
    I would like to clarify: what language did he speak? In Russian? There simply was no Ukrainian then.
    1. Ivan_Ivanov
      Ivan_Ivanov 9 March 2014 23: 34 New
      +2
      he spoke on Little Russian dialect of the Russian language.
      1. dr.star75
        dr.star75 9 March 2014 23: 41 New
        -3
        Do you understand what you said?
      2. The comment was deleted.
        1. Ivan_Ivanov
          Ivan_Ivanov 10 March 2014 00: 54 New
          +1
          although I don’t know, maybe “in Little Russian” is correct? although, it doesn't matter ...
          1. Lelek
            Lelek 10 March 2014 12: 44 New
            +4
            Not in Little Russian, but in South Russian, which is spoken by many in the south of Russia and even in Moscow, in St. Petersburg, Murmansk and Vladivostok. fellow
      3. PKTRL
        PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 32 New
        0
        I completely agree with you, but sometimes it surprises me how people blindly follow some "information" ...
    2. Shur
      Shur 10 March 2014 00: 48 New
      +3
      But who cares, now they will raise questions from Prince Kiy, etc. All this is not the point. Take away exactly 400 years and see what was happening on our land. Feeling "very similar" but not so complete. Look at the role of the then Cossacks in the turmoil. We are again besieged by foreign hordes as well as previously dispatched "Cossacks" from the southwest. And again the Westerners are up to it, and these are like sixes. Everything goes in a circle ...
  11. Bargus
    Bargus 10 March 2014 00: 18 New
    +1
    You see, people in our time are not that the current Maidanovichi tribe is not you bad. You got the glory not to trample the country of Taras and defile the culture of holy Russia by nationalistic barking.
  12. bistrov.
    bistrov. 10 March 2014 00: 25 New
    +5
    It was also a "good" fruit. By the way, his "rhymes" are rather mediocre, in everyday life, as they say, he abused vodka, but was simply an alcoholic and died from "zeal for drinking wine." Well, he maral paper and maral, why make him an idol? Moreover, to erect monuments to him everywhere? There were and are not enough poets. Take the same Nekrasov, this one wrote as if he were cutting it down with an ax. Embossed words. Here really is a poet, so a poet. I'm not talking about Pushkin, Lermontov.
    1. Shur
      Shur 10 March 2014 01: 12 New
      +3
      I agree with you, but in a different way. If a person creates, that is, he does not become like the creator and become a co-creator, then there is no place for hatred or phobia ... for anyone. Otherwise it is propaganda. Yes, there is poetry as a struggle, but this is within the framework of "struggle". And everything else is, of course, from the evil one or simply out of darkness and ignorance. All this is dangerous. All this heresy was put into the heads of the population of the western part of Russia long ago. The Poles are still adding fuel to the fire, so I do not understand their grievances for the genocide of the Poles - they themselves gave birth! Now the dim all the lyashki obos - l running back and forth, again after all bahn and on the Poles is inevitable. After this "rag" (under the strict guidance of the oligarchs and Western owners) razderbanet their Vkrajina, they will move them to the east, but it is easier to plunder closer, and then the lords ... nearby .. are also wrong ..
  13. PKTRL
    PKTRL 10 March 2014 00: 26 New
    0
    Quote: siberalt
    He was a kid, his parents were Russian - but I remembered from Shevchenko by heart: “the wide roar and stagnes, looking out from the clouds ... (I make mistakes in pronunciation, but was shocked) What a melodious, unusually bright and figurative dialect of the Russian language! Did the fucking Westerners MADE with him?

    That's it .., they remember only a couple of lines, but no one gets into the essence ..
  14. Capyar 48315
    Capyar 48315 10 March 2014 01: 20 New
    +1
    could you think MASTER that in your sweet Ukraine a similar bacchanalia will begin. Sleep well - I hope there is enough wisdom to prevent fratricide.
  15. The comment was deleted.
    1. wax
      wax 11 March 2014 17: 25 New
      0
      I looked, looked at this opus. It seems to me that it is written on the topic of the day. It is painfully imitative, but only Shevchenko’s imitation. And so - amusing and witty.
  16. muks
    muks 10 March 2014 03: 53 New
    +1
    Nostalgia for Mikhail Andreevich ... Maria took it and wrote - they beat Taras Shevchenko, endured hardships, you know! Did they slap the back of the head for stopping radishes from the garden or BEATING? those. inflicted damage incompatible with life, because beating only then makes sense ... Or somewhat curious: "being in a state of alcohol intoxication on the basis of jealousy, he took a stick, broke the fence and hit a neighbor on the head with a stick several times" in brackets the dimensions of the "stick" - diameter - 12 cm, length - 4 meters. It happened in Ukraine. In RUSSIA, filters are needed for information, and for the verbiage of all sorts of fugitive Georgians and Armenians who have been teaching RUSSIA on TV for several years how to live (the composition of the teachers is very international!), Not filters are needed, but prohibitions! How, in fact, there is no multiparty understanding of good and evil - there are TEN COMMANDMENTS - nevertheless, how many parties do we have? RUSSIA made a stable forward movement only with a certain management and organization. Under Peter Alekseevich and Joseph Vissarionovich. Nowadays, it is permissible, no one is already in any way - two woodpeckers are sitting in a box and klikushvival! One had a beard and a mustache, like 3,14, he swallowed, the second had a speckled "pinzhak", an earring in his ear, thin hair on his head on end ... Where is PROPAGANDA? !!!! Healthy lifestyle. LOVE FOR THE HOMELAND !!! TO HOMELAND, motherfucker, not to hamburgers and snickers! Love for a WOMAN. Promotion of self-esteem, not an offer to take credit. ------- The old movie "The Star of Captivating Happiness" is, of course, PROPAGANDA - but PROPAGANDA OF WHAT? Compare with American Sex in a big city, where three or more pro ... b women are discussing the length of the reproductive organs of their own and other American strekulists of all stripes? How does all this .... get to us, who needs it? Mikhail Andreevich's last name was SUSLOV. And everything was GOOD - with a song, a formation and a gate! We went for 73 years. There was no need to pay for the metro and trolleybus, education is not only the best in the world, but MORE! The medicine? And, economic "objective" reasons! So objective that there was nothing better than the red-haired one? --- Well, there was Taras Shevchenko .. who is this? I have not read ANY of HIS works. As well as "War and Peace", however. But "The Decline of Europe" by Oswald Spengler I READ. CONSTANTLY. All people have their own oddities - with the worldwide recognition of the contribution of man in this or that area, our ... "wave" will first of all pay attention to the fact that BILI. The fact that Sergei Mironovich Kostrikov had underpants in the spray, what the VILIANS were silent about !!! And now here's to you, I'm masha with the "truth"!
    1. Turkir
      Turkir 10 March 2014 12: 47 New
      +2
      I agree, in many ways, with your thoughts. About the spiritual level of the Americans, and so everything is clear. Keeping their people low, this is their domestic policy, it’s easier to manage.
      But, Spengler, too, is not your level; you have outgrown it a long time ago. And, Shevchenko, is used as a political poster, no more. Gogol, this is the magnitude (thanks to the Ukrainians, they gave it to us) which, so far, is difficult to overestimate.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  17. Lumumba
    Lumumba 10 March 2014 04: 32 New
    +1
    My friend, you need to be treated. Definitely. Just a couple of years, and you will beat your eggs to the pavement, in protest, or worse.
  18. From
    From 10 March 2014 05: 29 New
    +1
    Was it not he, in the Rusyns of Little Russia, who kindled hostility towards "m ... holes" in verse? Wasn't he advising the "black-brows" not to get involved with "m ... yami"? "... m ... are they more evil ..., they are dashing with you ..." ???
    1. Lelek
      Lelek 10 March 2014 12: 48 New
      +3
      Von, the cross on your flag is for some reason without the swastika dashes. Fix the blooper.
  19. waisson
    waisson 10 March 2014 05: 49 New
    +5
    THAT'S SO SORRY
  20. OPTR
    OPTR 10 March 2014 09: 36 New
    +4
    Soshenko connected an illiterate serf boy
    T. Shevchenko was still illiterate in the Petersburg years? Sad for the author of the article. When did he (T. Shevchenko) learn to read and write?

    Most of the day, Taras Shevchenko worked in the workshop of a painter, and in his spare time, together with Soshenko, went to art galleries. The artist supplied him with drawing accessories and books.
    What "painters" are we talking about all the time? Have you painted the walls? Or did the author decide to replace the word "artist" with a more colorful one? In Russian, the same words may have different connotations than in Ukrainian.
    Did the artist supply the "illiterate" with books? Pictures to consider or the illiteracy of a young man invented by the author for the greater pity?
    Well, after all, a well-known biography is widely published, why invent.

    Shevchenko was considered an unreliable political criminal
    Are there "trustworthy criminals"?

    He became close to the participants of the Cyril and Methodius Society
    There is an established name - Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%BE-%D0%9C%

    D0%B5%D1%84%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B5_%D0%B1%D1%80%D

    0%B0%D1%82%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE

    He had a great influence on Ukrainian literature as a folk peasant poet.
    Oh ... Straight Demyan-Poor some. "Peasant Poet" and "Poet" are very different in my opinion.
    To slightly edit the article.
  21. Fobos-grunt
    Fobos-grunt 10 March 2014 09: 49 New
    +3
    But Taras Grigorievich was not alone. There was a whole secret society of Cyril and Methodius. It was the creator of Ukrainian grammar Kulish P.A. Society advocated pan-Slavism. Therefore, Ukrainian nationalists have no right to pull on Kulish and Shevchenko. Especially justify their names switching to the Latin font
    .
    Glorious great grandfathers great great grandchildren filthy ... Shevchenko is not about the leaders of the Maidan, but about those who followed them.
    1. OPTR
      OPTR 10 March 2014 09: 54 New
      +2
      Quote: Fobos-grunt
      There was a whole secret society of Cyril and Methodius. It was the creator of Ukrainian grammar Kulish P.A.


      And also the historian N. Kostomarov, whose works are few read today. And very vain.
      1. Fobos-grunt
        Fobos-grunt 10 March 2014 18: 19 New
        +3
        In vain they do not read the novel by P.A. Kulisha Chernaya Rada. Chronicle of 1663 (written in Russian in 1857) It's a pity this novel is being published today only in Ukrainian. There is a familiar story about the hetman - "fluff" - Bryukhovetskiy enlisted the support of Moscow and deceived the expectations of the people who elevated him to the hetman and deceived the Tsar of Moscow. In the novel, a lesson for the “heroes of the Maidan” After all, the Maidan not only lifts “from rags to riches” but is capable of knocking down into the abyss. The very same Bryukhovetskiy was eventually beaten by his voters "according to the Maidan law". Link of times! Where there are two Ukrainians - there are three hetmans - this was written by a friend of Taras Shevchenko - Panteleimon Kulish!
  22. bistrov.
    bistrov. 10 March 2014 09: 53 New
    +4
    Quote: Vasily Klopkov
    ... Hole - eat the bread with you,
    And then in the soup you pogadit.

    Noted very true, this I can say as having lived in Ukraine for 45 years. No offense.
  23. parus2nik
    parus2nik 10 March 2014 10: 17 New
    0
    A good article for the anniversary .. T.G.Shevchenko in addition was a notorious Russophobe ..
  24. nikcris
    nikcris 10 March 2014 11: 51 New
    0
    "Shevchenko served first in Orenburg, then he was assigned to the Orsk fortress. The poet could hardly bear the harsh conditions of detention, the joyless bare steppe and the inability to do what he loved. The expedition to the lower reaches of the Syr-Darya and the Aral Sea, where Shevchenko painted coastal After that, he spent another seven years in the remote Novopetrovsk fortification on the western tip of the Mangyshlak peninsula. "


    The one who piled what is above is an outstanding geographer-botanist. I hope for these words he was sent on vacation to the "lower reaches of the Syr Darya, to the Aral Sea." For relax.
    BL !!! Why does de moron under any authority have a green light in typography?
  25. The comment was deleted.
  26. Gagarin
    Gagarin 10 March 2014 12: 23 New
    +5
    It is a pity that many Russophobes forget that at the will of Shevchenko the Russian intelligentsia redeemed, SWEAT M ... YAMI, I think he did not consider them then.
    1. Vasily Klopkov
      Vasily Klopkov 10 March 2014 17: 08 New
      +3
      A good book on this subject was written by our Ukrainian writer Oles Buzin. On the human qualities of Taras Grigorievich. http://www.interesniy.kiev.ua/na-pamyat-o-kieve/knigi-pro-kiev/vurdalak-taras-sh
      evchenko

      "The reliability of the facts given in the book is indisputable, which has been proven by the court. The tendentiousness and" yellowness "of the elder's work is also indisputable: the effect is achieved not by the presentation of Shevchenko's biography, but by the selection of obscene and unpleasant facts for Shevchenko addicts, exposing the poet in more than caricature form. And the "kobzar" got drunk to hell, and wrote with such errors that a green schoolboy would feel ashamed, and he sprinkled his "Precept" in a time of suffering from a shameful disease picked up in a brothel.

      Involuntarily the question arises: so what? Gentlemen Pushkin and Lermontov were not saints either, and Chekhov never climbed out of tolerance houses. Everyone knows that Alexander Sergeyevich jumped from bed to bed with the same quickness with which his Ethiopian ancestors jumped from palm to palm. But the mirror of the Russian revolution and the light of Russian prose, Lev Nikolaevich did not remember how many illegitimate children he had from serf women. And the point here is not in memory, but in the fact that Tolstoy was a giant in everything. In general, Russian classics gave such rich biographical material that they would have been enough for a hundred “Ghouls”: “Ghoul Pushkin”, “Ghouls Chekhov”, etc., and Buzina would have happily grown old without having finished a series of revealing books about weaknesses and stupid uncle whose portraits are gathering dust in school literature classes.

      But, excuse me, this would not have caused such a furor, as it happened with Shevchenko. The adventures of the above classics have never been a secret behind seven seals.

      Another thing is Taras Grigorievich, from whom they blinded an angel, a genius and a sufferer. By and large, he was neither the first, nor the second, nor the third. "Admirers of talent" so polished the image of this man that he lost all connection with reality. But everyone knows big cabinets fall loudly. So he fell. Not at the behest of literary critics and professional biographers, who were silent like fish, but at the behest of a tabloid journalist. Quite an expected result ... "
  27. huginn
    huginn 10 March 2014 19: 50 New
    +2
    Here is how Grinory Danilevsky recalls the meeting of Bodyansky and Gogol: “And Shevchenko?” Asked Bodyansky. - Tell me about talent, about his poetry ... "-" There are a lot of tar, - Gogol said quietly, but directly, and I will add, tar more than poetry itself ... Yes, and the language ... "-" We, Little Russians and Russians, need one poetry, calm and strong, - continued Gogol, - imperishable poetry of truth, kindness and beauty. I know and love Shevchenko as a countryman and gifted artist. But he was ruined by our wise men, prompting him to works alien to true talent. They still chew European, long-thrown gum. Russian and Little Russia are twin souls, replenishing one another, dear and equally strong. It is impossible to give preference to one to the detriment of the other. No, Osip Maksimovich, we don’t need it, not that. Anyone who writes now should not think of hatred; first of all, he must confront himself with the one who gave us the eternal human word ... ”
  28. Theophanes
    Theophanes 11 March 2014 05: 43 New
    +2
    My number is 1075835. The number was applied by those who are on the Maidan today! And maybe Mrs. Merkel lives because: to her or her dad, or maybe to mom, they poured blood from my 4 year old Russian captive kid (every 3 days)! So, great US citizen, Mrs. Merkel: I don’t want to themselves, neither for their children, nor for their grandchildren repeating their fate !!! Damn you and let your children and your grandchildren be damned !!! Take your bloody hands from the Maidan, and from Russia, and from Ukraine !!! You, NATO Ki, know how to play off and kill !!! Bomb people standing with a call to peace !!! You are not capable of anything more - there is no brain for anything else! Nato is killers, this is the official Gestapo of the USA. Is there really not a single among the Germans even a little bit (albeit not an honest one) but even a decent person? The EU does not sow enmity, reap a storm! We ourselves can figure it out without the Gestapo people (like Merkel), and even more so without the Nobel laureates like Obama (blood flows from him with the river of innocent victims)