Military Review

The problem of the Arctic is becoming more urgent

32



The United States is preparing for the militarization of the Arctic Ocean and, as acknowledged by the authorities of the Navy, in the coming 15 years they intend to establish themselves in this region in the military, political and economic terms. Obviously, the States want to “bite off” a huge chunk of that territory, which should rightfully belong to Russia: Washington is unlikely to encroach, for example, on the territorial waters of Canada or Norway, which are allies of the United States. The goal of the United States is unconditional dominance in the Arctic Ocean rich in natural resources.

The United States announced the hunt for Arctic resources

Even ten years ago, the lack of natural resources was considered something of a fantasy; But now, the war in Africa and Central Asia is already under way for water, and geologists are scaring economists with the rapid depletion of oil, gas, coal and other mineral deposits in the next five years. However, there are still regions in the world where reservoir development has not yet begun or is being conducted at extremely low rates. The Arctic Ocean is one such place.

The US is getting ready to master it. So, last week, Admiral Jonathan Grinert, Chief of Staff of the US Navy, presented a report entitled “US Arctic Roadmap 2014-2030”. The document describes the challenges that States may face in the Arctic region over the next decade and a half. Naturally, Russia is traditionally regarded as one of the threats.

According to the authors of the report, the Arctic Ocean has already become an arena of confrontation between major global and regional players. An important reason for this is global climate change: now that ice crust is melting, it has become easier to extract resources.

And their reserves, according to US estimates, are very large. Under the bottom of the Arctic Ocean - 1,669 trillion cubic feet of gas, 44 billion barrels of gas condensates, 90 billion barrels of oil. These are 30% of the global undiscovered gas reserves, 20% of the same volume of gas condensates and 13% of oil. In sum, 22% of undiscovered hydrocarbon deposits are located in the Arctic.

The report of the US Navy is about the Northern Sea Route. American analysts suggest that the warming in the region will continue, which means that an increasing number of vessels of various types will be able to use trade routes along the Russian northern coast.

The Northwest Passage will allow you to directly link the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Shipping on the Transpolar Route, which runs directly through the polar regions of the globe, is also activated. According to scientists' forecasts, if the melting of the ice continues at the current pace, by the end of the century there will be no ice in the waters of the Arctic Ocean. Already in the 2025 period, when navigation in the Barents Strait will be possible, it will increase to 175 days per year.

The ice has not yet descended, but the United States is already planning to tighten control over the sea routes. Admiral Jonathan Greenveld, completing his report, set a specific task for the US Navy: to prepare the fleet for operations in the Arctic Ocean. It is not specified who the ships will be used against, but it is obvious: Russia is viewed by Washington as the main regional opponent.

"Cold War" in the Arctic

The Arctic Ocean washes the shores of the five powers - Russia, Canada, USA, Norway and Denmark (Greenland). These countries are conventionally called the "Arctic Five": they have the final word in matters of regulating the legal status of the Arctic region. Also the listed states have at their disposal an exclusive coastal zone 370 kilometers wide.

However, by ratifying the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea prepared by the UN, all the countries of the Five can almost double their zones of economic interests if they prove that certain parts of the Arctic Ocean belong to their territory.

The convention has been ratified by four out of five Arctic countries - Russia, Canada, Norway and Denmark. The United States refused to ratify. According to experts, Washington deliberately did so in order not to assume any obligations. De jure, the United States, without acceding to the Convention, can ignore it, which means that the rules in the Arctic have not been written for them.

Under such conditions, the United States can use its entire military and political arsenal to dominate the Arctic Ocean. The remaining members of the Arctic Five will have to adhere to the terms of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, so they are unlikely to give a proportional response to US pressure.

Russia, unlike the States, is taking peaceful actions that are fully consistent with international law. So, Russian scientists said their word: they explored the bottom of the Arctic Ocean in 2007 year in order to find out exactly where the borders of the continental shelf belonging to Russia end. At the bottom of the ocean with the help of the deep-water apparatus was set the Russian flag.

Some Western countries have perceived the scientific expedition organized by Russia as a threat. Moscow has been reproached by many European diplomats, and, most importantly, by American ones: the representatives of Canada and the United States to the UN criticized Russia for real and far-fetched reasons, trying to allow a hairpin in each of their speeches.

But you can't change the continental shelf: with all the desire of Washington, you cannot plow the ocean floor or change the continental drift. Evidence collected by Russian geologists in 2007 year clearly shows that of all the countries of the "Arctic Five" Russia can claim the largest portion of the ocean floor.

At the same time, the United States, together with its allies, is militarizing the Arctic. It is not surprising that the naval forces are involved in the development of the Arctic spaces: they are entrusted with the task of ousting Russia from the Arctic Ocean in order to clear the way for American, Canadian and European oil producing companies. No joke - almost a quarter of undiscovered oil and gas reserves!

That is why the States have intensified military cooperation with the countries of Scandinavia and are increasingly conducting military exercises in the region. However, Norway, Finland and Sweden are not interested in armed confrontation with Russia, because they are very vulnerable. In the event of a war, Norwegian oil rigs will be destroyed by Russian fleet и aviation within a few hours, and Europe is waiting for an “oil nightmare”: prices for black gold will reach incredible marks. Russia, on the contrary, will receive an excellent opportunity to replenish its budget.

Realizing their disadvantage, Scandinavian countries are reluctant to respond to US initiatives and try to maintain neutrality in the Russian-American Arctic confrontation. Norway and Finland have very close ties with the Russian economy, so they are not ready for anti-Russian actions.

Events in the Arctic, some Western journalists have already called "very cold war." However, it’s too early to talk about a military conflict: so far both Russia and the United States are limited to scientific expeditions, loud political statements, petitions to the UN. However, it is possible that Washington will show activity in the future - a recent report by the head of the US Navy headquarters, Admiral Jonathan Greenweart, is a policy document for the next 15 years, and during this time Russia in the Arctic needs to be particularly hard and careful.
Author:
32 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. ikken
    ikken 6 March 2014 08: 09
    +13
    Well, we have a groundwork for the fleet (the creation of ships for high latitudes) wow! And the experience of walking in high latitudes is more. And in general, our strengthening of the northern bases, the reconstruction of military airfields, the creation of Arctic brigades "have nothing to do with the situation around" the Arctic. No no. hi
    1. jjj
      jjj 6 March 2014 08: 38
      +3
      The Americans do not have a fleet, except for boats that can successfully operate in the Arctic
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 6 March 2014 10: 49
        +9
        Well, they’ll build it. Here is the inados for us not to sniff, but to restore and strengthen our presence in the Arctic. Moreover, we have islands where it is possible to build fleet and aviation bases and develop settlements.
        1. Duke
          Duke 6 March 2014 13: 01
          +1
          We’re doing it slowly.
        2. StolzSS
          StolzSS 6 March 2014 20: 31
          0
          This is all irrelevant, they can’t act in the Arctic very well, effectively we need submarine drones of the boat killer against the states, then our north will be) soldier
        3. Simon
          Simon 6 March 2014 22: 43
          0
          What we are doing! We have many unsinkable aircraft carriers, in the form of islands in the north.
      2. Serg 122
        Serg 122 6 March 2014 11: 36
        +3
        and during this time, Russia in the Arctic needs to be especially hard and careful.
        No! We need to do it differently: when the Americans come to the Arctic, we should be ALREADY there! And then turn around and ask a question: "Who did this?"
        1. bootlegger
          bootlegger 7 March 2014 23: 28
          0
          And whom we will punish! laughing
      3. AVV
        AVV 6 March 2014 11: 53
        0
        Quote: jjj
        The Americans do not have a fleet, except for boats that can successfully operate in the Arctic

        It is necessary to force America out of the Arctic, for this all means are good !!!
    2. little man
      little man 6 March 2014 10: 41
      +3
      Are you getting rid of it? wink
      Which ground? Is it Gorshkov in long-term construction and Nakhimov in modernization?
      And with the bases just stir.
      1. Weniamin
        Weniamin 6 March 2014 11: 29
        +2
        Well, if you need and have interest, you can put up the entire North Pole for five years along with the coast with bases. An example of this is the Sochi Olympics. We can build smartly.
      2. wanderer_032
        wanderer_032 6 March 2014 16: 58
        0
        And the United States has only long-term paper projects and a large public debt.
    3. kartalovkolya
      kartalovkolya 5 December 2016 07: 09
      0
      Well, koooooooo ... the bases in the North and the strengthening of the Arctic direction are being conducted primarily against the "bearded" well, so that they do not offend our bears and threaten American democracy through the North Pole, otherwise how will they put on skates, how they will trample on the ice of the Arctic Ocean and America. but we will not allow! That's what kind we are ... Joking as a joke, but what was destroyed by the "puppets" of the United States from the liberal-treacherous administration of Yeltsin must be restored and as soon as possible, otherwise there are so many "... to the good of others!"
  2. Glaz8000
    Glaz8000 6 March 2014 08: 15
    +17
    And here they are, not the north. Russia's positions in the Arctic have always been strong, and we must assume that the authorities will make every effort to strengthen them, and at the same time repel the raking hands of the shit.
  3. Sultan
    Sultan 6 March 2014 08: 31
    +6
    The Yankees will tear! And we should help unleash their navel. Well, we all endure and endure the economic pressure of the dollar ??? Let's throw this garbage green paper off the pedestal and to hell with it - with P. Indosia!
    1. demel2
      demel2 6 March 2014 09: 53
      +3
      Quote: Sultan
      economic pressure of the dollar ???

      This is what we think so, our liberals have a completely different opinion, we must first somehow put pressure on them, and preferably so that they would not squeak.
      1. 0255
        0255 6 March 2014 15: 32
        0
        Quote: demel2
        This is what we think so, our liberals have a completely different opinion, we must first somehow put pressure on them, and preferably so that they would not squeak.

        want to put pressure on the liberals and not to squeak? You demand unreal from the liberals, they will not squeak in case of "pressure" under any circumstances.
  4. Name
    Name 6 March 2014 08: 36
    +4
    Well, everything is predictable, no surprises, but in Russia, too, there is no "slumber": The fact that in the Arctic in 2014 a group of forces will be created to ensure military security and protect Russia's national interests in this territory, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced at an expanded meeting of the final board of the Ministry of Defense with the participation of President Vladimir Putin in December last year.

    A week later, Shoigu instructed the General Staff to develop a draft guidelines for improving military infrastructure and deploying parts of the Russian army in the Arctic by the end of December. At present, Russia is restoring military infrastructure in the region - in particular, airfields and berthing facilities on Franz Josef Land and the Novosibirsk Islands. Restoration of other northern airfields is also planned - Tiksi, Naryan-Mar, Alykel, Amderma, Anadyr, Rogachevo, Nagurskaya
    - therefore, we hope that Russia will be ready to adequately answer the amers the question: Whose Arctic are you.
  5. Nitarius
    Nitarius 6 March 2014 08: 42
    +5
    Quote: ikken
    Well, we have a groundwork for the fleet (the creation of ships for high latitudes) wow! And the experience of walking in high latitudes is more. And in general, our strengthening of the northern bases, the reconstruction of military airfields, the creation of Arctic brigades "have nothing to do with the situation around" the Arctic. No no. hi

    No, of course :) :) we just love the north and the snow and I think that we need to create our own analogy of Greenpeace and love America in the tail and mane
  6. Mazadrive
    Mazadrive 6 March 2014 08: 46
    +5
    which should rightfully belong to Russia


    Our territory since imperial times. Thanks to our ancestors =)
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 6 March 2014 08: 50
    +3
    The North is not like Russia ... you can’t ...
    1. Grbear
      Grbear 6 March 2014 09: 34
      0
      Though foreman, but about ... doing nothing in Russia must not hi .
  8. region46
    region46 6 March 2014 09: 06
    +4
    without a good icebreaking fleet (and the amers do not have it) there is nothing to meddle in the Arctic with their aircraft carriers. then we will not pull them out!
  9. Hope
    Hope 6 March 2014 09: 17
    +4
    I admire the political map of our planet, the USA borders with the Arctic Ocean only Alaska (sold by Russia) the extent of their border with ours, to put it mildly, can not be compared. where are they going to expand there? or I don’t understand something ...
    1. demel2
      demel2 6 March 2014 09: 59
      +3
      Yes, you don’t need to look at the map, you need to arm yourself, who is strong and right, remember Iraq, did the Pandosov restrain the fact that the country is generally located on another continent.
  10. erased
    erased 6 March 2014 10: 14
    +1
    If the war starts, the Norwegian oil rigs will be destroyed by the Russian fleet and aircraft within a few hours,

    I’ll clarify - within an hour maximum. And even aviation is not mandatory; rockets can also be flashed. And if you carefully - then a little longer, then to work yourself.
    The only option is to build polite potential and improve the sword and shield. The Yankees are unlikely to drown in blood in pursuit of the gifts of nature. And it’s difficult to push their sixes to the slaughter now.
  11. rasputin17
    rasputin17 6 March 2014 11: 20
    +5
    It will be fair if Russia defends its zone of polar possessions within the framework of the former USSR, we don’t need someone else’s, but for our throat we want to bite him over !!! am
  12. Sirocco
    Sirocco 6 March 2014 11: 43
    +1
    As the great Lenin bequeathed. Study, study and study again. I would say so, the fleet build, build and build, which is now being done with success. The USA in the Arctic race felt like an outsider, so they decided to check in. Looking broader, all this fuss around Syria, and now in Ukraine, is an attempt to weaken Russia's potential. In order to take possession of all of the above. hi
  13. Gagarin
    Gagarin 6 March 2014 12: 00
    +3
    Serious CANISTER Russia is hidden in the North!
    The main thing is not to be taken away!
    1. ZSP
      ZSP 6 March 2014 16: 33
      +1
      Let only poke around stop some have already tried to climb onto the oil platform and hang their posters ,,,,,
    2. rasputin17
      rasputin17 7 March 2014 07: 19
      0
      This is our cow and we milk it !! stop angry
  14. brainkiller
    brainkiller 6 March 2014 13: 30
    +1
    "The army is not just a kind word, but a very quick deed. This is how we won all wars. While the enemy draws maps of the offensive, we change the landscapes, moreover, manually. When the time comes to attack, the enemy is lost in unfamiliar terrain and comes into complete non-readiness. meaning, this is our strategy. " © =) I suppose our military in the Arctic are already making an alluvial island under a crust of ice, then to open it and claim exclusive rights to it =)))
  15. Dezinto
    Dezinto 6 March 2014 13: 35
    +2
    Damn, you need to rebuild everything there! Hyenas come running !!
  16. NBN
    NBN 6 March 2014 13: 40
    +1
    All these are links of one chain, which they really want to tighten around the neck of Russia - a mess with Ukraine, the Balts, having fiddled with Afghanistan, "growing" a strong China, an offensive in the Arctic ... The ring is shrinking. I would like an adequate response from the president and the rest of the country's leadership.
  17. Dezinto
    Dezinto 6 March 2014 13: 43
    +2
    What shall we do? No, I really wonder what Russia should do in this really extreme situation! ?
  18. tank64rus
    tank64rus 6 March 2014 14: 28
    +3
    Spit on all the cries of the West, give them hands in Ukraine. And keep the gunpowder dry, having previously cleared Russia of 5 columns.
  19. JonnyT
    JonnyT 6 March 2014 14: 49
    0
    Well, well .... wanting is not harmful .....
    Now they don’t even have the technical ability to at least catch up with us in the Arctic, not to supplant them ......
    1. Simon
      Simon 6 March 2014 23: 07
      0
      But this priority must be supported, and if possible increased, and try to avoid the 90s, when we actually had a decline in production.
  20. gerafak
    gerafak 6 March 2014 14: 59
    +2
    I remember, in childhood, I considered a map of the USSR - so there, through Murmansk - the North Pole-Chukotka, a dashed line went along the borders of the territorial possessions of the USSR. People have been taught from childhood that this is all OUR, and now?
  21. damodan
    damodan 6 March 2014 15: 17
    0
    That they always climb where not "hitting" ..... But for some reason, things don't go further than loud statements.
  22. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 6 March 2014 16: 34
    +1
    The problem of the Arctic is becoming more urgent
    If we carefully analyze Russia's actions in recent years, an interesting picture is obtained: the strategic initiative has passed from the hands of the Americans to us, we are making moves now, and they are trying to find a counter-approach to them. Moreover, the game does not go in one direction, but in many, and I get the impression that America and K are not in time with the response. Correct if I am mistaken. hi
  23. ken
    ken 6 March 2014 16: 45
    +1
    Kick it from everywhere !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  24. Dezinto
    Dezinto 6 March 2014 17: 45
    +4
    that's just that, well, of course, in the framework of the exercises, you need to show who is the boss among the white bears!
  25. Gagarin
    Gagarin 6 March 2014 18: 06
    +2
    Looking back at the latest events in Ukraine, we can confidently assume that the fifth column can outperform the tank army ...
    Quote: tank64rus
    having previously cleared Russia from 5 columns.
  26. Sonyman
    Sonyman 6 March 2014 18: 15
    +1
    I agree, in no case should you sit !!!!
    That's right, Shoigu said, only building up the Arctic group and restoring the entire Soviet infrastructure and building a new one can guarantee the inviolability of our northern borders.
  27. APASUS
    APASUS 6 March 2014 19: 33
    +1
    Under such conditions, the United States can use its entire military and political arsenal to dominate the Arctic Ocean. The remaining members of the Arctic Five will have to adhere to the terms of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, so they are unlikely to give a proportional response to US pressure.

    Strange statement. Besides US submarines, there is so far nothing to provide for reinforcing your ambitions!
    Or have aircraft carriers already appeared in ice?
  28. SAM0SA
    SAM0SA 6 March 2014 20: 00
    +1
    It is necessary to get out of this Convention. Reason - The Convention is meaningless without the participation of all countries bordering the Arctic.
  29. gerafak
    gerafak 6 March 2014 20: 33
    0
    Quote: DEZINTO
    that's just that, well, of course, in the framework of the exercises, you need to show who is the boss among the white bears!


    Here are just the "Shark" in the picture, which are already incapable of combat, and our other boats do not know how to break the ice so merrily, however, the ice in the Arctic is decreasing ...
  30. Dezinto
    Dezinto 6 March 2014 22: 18
    +4
    Quote: gerafak
    Quote: DEZINTO
    that's just that, well, of course, in the framework of the exercises, you need to show who is the boss among the white bears!


    Here are just the "Shark" in the picture, which are already incapable of combat, and our other boats do not know how to break the ice so merrily, however, the ice in the Arctic is decreasing ...


    Well, yes .... according to our famous sharks, there is generally a separate lasting sadness .... how could it be so? the largest, unique, formidable submarine, and we are on their needles .. Most likely not us .. but they helped us a lot to cut the best ... ssss .... ki!
  31. TurboSloN
    TurboSloN 6 March 2014 22: 40
    0
    I work in the north of the country in a large gas company, and if suddenly fate throws itself on production, on the shelf of the Kara Sea, I would be incredibly glad that there is a military airfield nearby, or ships of the Northern Fleet with border guards, and not bourgeois pirates with greenpeace flags or even worse. ..
    1. kirpich
      kirpich 7 March 2014 01: 26
      0
      stir-shoot, green-chop. soldier
  32. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 6 March 2014 23: 51
    0
    Don’t be so upset, the Yankees are just thinking, and WE are already there! And as far as I remember, all atomic icebreakers, at the right time, can very quickly become heavy atomic missile cruisers.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 8 March 2014 00: 33
      +1
      Quote: polkovnik manuch
      all atomic icebreakers, at the right time, can very quickly become heavy atomic missile cruisers.

      Nikolay, you've probably seen the mobilization plan of the Murmansk Shipping Company, or even Rosatomflot. If it's not difficult - share the info, what systems, REO, etc. are supposed to be installed now, otherwise I have already fallen behind. I still remember "Arctic", but "50 years of victory" - no longer.
  33. Dezinto
    Dezinto 7 March 2014 00: 22
    +2
    Well, thanks, the colonel supported me, I’m seriously angry, okay, I hope you're right about the icebreakers in the TARK, it's nice if we can)))
  34. Dezinto
    Dezinto 7 March 2014 00: 26
    +2
    my grandfather and Dad are polar explorers. I’m not doing exactly the same, even though I went on a different path, in my heart I also love polar exploring the work of these people, this is our land always been !! you can’t even let the jackals stick their nose