Military Review

Roscosmos is planning to create a super heavy-class rocket launcher


Roskosmos is initiating the creation of a new super-heavy class carrier, as the Angara launch vehicle’s capacity is not enough for the purposes of the space agency, the head of the Federal Space Agency Oleg Ostapenko said.

“The Angara-5 potential is a heavy rocket, within 25 tons. To fly to Mars, the Moon, asteroids, to build habitable lunar bases, this rocket is not enough. There is a question of creating a new carrier of a super-heavy class, including for manned missions, ”O. Ostapenko said in an interview published by Rossiyskaya Gazeta on Wednesday.

“Now all countries capable of doing anything serious in space, above all the United States and China, are following this path,” he added.

According to the head of Roscosmos, Russia has all the possibilities for creating missiles of this class.

“We calculated: at the first stage, we are able to make a rocket that will put tons of payload into low-Earth orbit 70-80. In the future, with its modernization, a rocket that will carry from 120 and more tons. And in the future - up to 190 tons, ”- said the head of the space agency.

O. Ostapenko stressed that Roscosmos developed its proposals taking into account the potential of the leading enterprises of the Russian Federation - RSC Energia, TsSKB Progress and Khrunichev Center.

"They took all the most advanced: for propulsion systems, media, components of fuel, etc. In the near future, the documents will be submitted to the scientific and technical council of the military industrial complex. All work in this direction is carried out in close cooperation with leading scientists of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ”he specified.

The head of Roscosmos explained that so far there is no consensus on whether to choose one enterprise or more expediently to consolidate the capabilities of all enterprises.

At the same time, he noted that the experience of the production of the Energia rocket, created for the Buran spacecraft, will be taken into account.

“Especially on propulsion systems. Due to this, we save a lot of money and at the same time solve problems at a completely new technological level, ”O. Ostapenko stressed.

The head of the space agency did not rule out that the launch of the space launch of the Vostochny cosmodrome will be created for the super heavy class carrier.

He also added that work on the creation of the Angara launch complex in Plesetsk is continuing.

“Conducting comprehensive tests to be held in March-April. With positive results, it will be possible to proceed to flight tests. We believe that the launch of the rocket should be held in July-June, ”O. Ostapenko concluded.
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  1. Good cat
    Good cat 5 March 2014 14: 23
    The more they do, the better. The main thing is to do
    1. Tumbleweed
      Tumbleweed 5 March 2014 14: 25
      Quote: Good cat
      The more they do, the better. The main thing is to do

      What is requested ... and in the time of the Tagged now we are trying to restore ...

      Energy-M was the smallest rocket in the family, with about three times less payload relative to the Energia launch vehicle; with a carrying capacity of 30-35 tons per LEO [8].

      The number of side blocks was reduced from four to two; instead of four RD-0120 engines, only one was installed on the central block. In 1989-1991, it underwent comprehensive tests, it was planned to launch in 1994. However, in 1993, Energia-M lost the state tender (tender) for the creation of a new heavy launch vehicle; according to the results of the competition, the Angara launch vehicle was preferred (the launch of which has been postponed several times since 2005, and as of 2013 it is planned for the first half of 2014). A full-size missile model with all its components was stored in Baikonur.

      "Energy II" (also called “Hurricane”) was designed as fully reusable. Unlike the basic modification of Energy, which was partially reusable (like the American Space Shuttle), the Hurricane design allowed all elements of the Energy - Buran system to be returned, similar to the Space Shuttle concept. The central block of the “Hurricane” was supposed to enter the atmosphere, plan and land on a regular airfield.

      Volcano (Hercules)
      The heaviest modification: its starting weight was 4747 tons. Using eight lateral blocks and the Energia-M central block as the last stage, the Vulcan rocket (by the way, this name coincided with the name of another Soviet heavy missile, the development of which was canceled for several years before) or “Hercules” (which coincides with the design name of the heavy launch vehicle RN N-1) was supposed to bring up to 175 tons into low Earth orbit[9].
    2. Siberian German
      Siberian German 6 March 2014 03: 41
      the question is when the hangar begins to fly - in large numbers
  2. Very old
    Very old 5 March 2014 14: 24
    Seriously waved
    God give you!
    It's time to return to first positions in the space industry
  3. Ruff
    Ruff 5 March 2014 14: 24
    Flights to Mars, inhabited base on the moon. Serious applications.
  4. valodavoodoo
    valodavoodoo 5 March 2014 14: 25
    Well done, finally we will again have a heavy one, but we also need new engines using unconventional fuels (pulsed, plasma, photonic, etc.). Who knows, they are developing no?
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 5 March 2014 15: 58
      "Unconventional" engines can only be used in outer space (launching a photon engine within the Earth's atmosphere would successfully replace the Apocalypse). They began to develop in the USSR, there were first successes. Ion engines are used by us, the United States, and China. Only all these are the first steps, and it is still far from the real large-scale use.
  5. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 5 March 2014 14: 29
    "Energy" - flew only 2 times. The starts are thrown. I would like to hope that not all of the design documentation was allowed to wrap pies in the 90s ...
    New launches for the "Angara" - they were building for a very long time.
    If only they were not mistaken with their location, otherwise they would "float away" at the start of a powerful rocket on soft ground.
    We are waiting for the first launches of the Angara - and we hope that it will fly more successfully than the long-suffering Bulava ...
    1. Serg 122
      Serg 122 5 March 2014 15: 07
      Wraps for pies okay, but something often drawings of Russian developments began to emerge in China ....
    2. Nayhas
      Nayhas 5 March 2014 16: 40
      Quote: Dragon-y
      We are waiting for the first launches of the Angara - and we hope that it will fly more successfully than the long-suffering Bulava ...

      You must have read it inattentively. The Angara project was closed. There will be no "Angara" ...
  6. Lumumba
    Lumumba 5 March 2014 14: 29
    Somewhere slipped an article about resuscitation of the development of nuclear engines. I don’t remember where. It has long been. So definitely deal with this issue.
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 5 March 2014 15: 15
      Even there are already developments on them. On ion engines there are also new developments.
  7. Vova
    Vova 5 March 2014 14: 29
    We need fundamentally new engines. Of the existing ones, everyone has already squeezed out and capacity building through modernization is a dead end
  8. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 5 March 2014 14: 30
    The basic block of "Mira" 20t, and it was enough. Instead of fussing with a new rocket, he can first at least use the capabilities of the "old" one, at least launch it, and first assemble his orbital station. Otherwise, it will turn out as it is now accepted. Having mastered the money for the design of an advanced piece, we immediately begin to design an even more advanced one, without even starting to use what we have just made. As a result, all the money is spent on "design", and the 45-year-old Proton is flying.
  9. Lumumba
    Lumumba 5 March 2014 14: 31
    Found (said in April 2013)

    in a few years, the first megawatt-class nuclear power plant for a ship designed for long-distance space flights will appear in Russia. Work on it "Rosatom" and "Roskosmos" are in close cooperation. The state allocated 17 billion rubles for these purposes. Despite the fact that NIKIET has been identified as the lead contractor, in fact, the entire nuclear industry of the country is provided with an order. Among the participants of the program are NGOs “Luch”, Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, IPPE, NIIAR, IRM, “Red Star”. The preliminary design of the reactor installation has already been completed; technical work is currently underway.
  10. Rus2012
    Rus2012 5 March 2014 14: 31
    At the same time, he noted that the experience of the production of the Energia rocket, created for the Buran spacecraft, will be taken into account.
    “Especially on propulsion systems. Due to this, we save a lot of money and at the same time solve problems at a completely new technological level, ”O. Ostapenko stressed.

    Well, that remembered!

    LV "Energia", main characteristics:
    Xnumx length m
    Diameter 16 m (max.)
    Starting weight 2400 t
    Payload mass -
    - at the DOE
    Energy: 105 T
    Based on Energy: 200 t (design)
  11. severbob
    severbob 5 March 2014 14: 33
    Better ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  12. Vtel
    Vtel 5 March 2014 14: 33
    And then there are few problems on Earth, there is nowhere to invest money and funds, so that they can be pulled to Mars. The moon is another thing, it is nearby.
  13. predator.3
    predator.3 5 March 2014 14: 55
    I first heard or read about "hangar" back in 1998 and since then I have only heard, we will do, we will do ...! Give birth already!
  14. Wedmak
    Wedmak 5 March 2014 15: 13
    The question is, how promising will such a carrier be? Vertical start, a bunch of booster blocks, some burn out, some do not. The complexity and high cost are incredible. Maybe it's better to collect all the latest technology on a stepless apparatus a la Star Wars? No, not a shuttle, but a "monolithic" apparatus with its own atmospheric (possibly resettable) and rocket engines !! Now Ruslan (An-124) will lift 120 tons into the air. And flies a decent distance. What prevents to create an apparatus capable of climbing 200 km up and back? Only money and time. The question is: wouldn't it be more profitable to invest in such a device than in multistage combustible rockets?
  15. Gagarin
    Gagarin 5 March 2014 15: 25
    The first thing you need for success is the task. Finally, tasks were set, goals and directions appeared, to work, work, and do not forget to finance. It's time for the Russians to return to the Great Cosmos!
  16. erased
    erased 5 March 2014 15: 47
    It is high time! The good news is, if only it weren’t sticky ...
  17. Nayhas
    Nayhas 5 March 2014 16: 52
    Roscosmos initiates the creation of a new superheavy class carrier, since the potential of the Angara launch vehicle is not enough for the goals that the space agency is facing

    Get in trouble ... They swelled ohrenyard rubles in the Angara, worked out for so many years, and in the end it turned out that the Angara was not happy. Now the same thing will begin, a fairy tale about a white bull ...
    1. Yuri Y.
      Yuri Y. 5 March 2014 19: 57
      Quote: Nayhas
      Now the same thing will begin, a fairy tale about a white bull ...

      Well, you mutter everything, you make fools of people. The article clearly states that the design of an additionally heavy class. And about the Angara
      He also added that work on the creation of the Angara launch complex in Plesetsk is continuing.

      You will not launch a beep-beep satellite with the rocket they are talking about.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 5 March 2014 20: 41
        Quote: Yuri Ya.
        Well, you mutter everything, you make fools of people. The article clearly states that designing an extra heavy class

        Madam, I understand that for you the launch complex and the launch vehicle sounds the same, because the same abbreviation is used, but this is far from the case.
        1. Yuri Y.
          Yuri Y. 5 March 2014 22: 51
          Meanwhile, the head of the center (named after Khrunichev), Alexander Seliverstov, states that the launch of the rocket is scheduled for May 2014 from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.
          “The first test launch of the light Angara from Plesetsk is planned for May 2014 with a payload simulator,” he said.
          Answering the question about the postponement of the first test launch from 2013 to 2014, Seliverstov said: “This is due to the unavailability of the launch complex at the Plesetsk cosmodrome. The transfer has no relation to the launch vehicle itself. ”
          In early May, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov announced that the launch of the Angara light rocket was planned for mid-2014.

          And you are apparently from the LGBT community, it is now aggressively promoting.
    2. Lindon
      Lindon 5 March 2014 20: 07
      What is a hangar? Unions and Protons - these are real hard workers honestly fulfilling invested money and bringing glory to space explorers.
      Hangar - it is unclear how much it should work to return at least part of the invested money to the launch vehicle itself, and to the start for it. In general, there are a lot of questions with the Angara, but the competitors are not sleeping and have already begun to beat back the invested money.
  18. kelevra
    kelevra 5 March 2014 20: 08
    I don’t know much about rocket science, but if it’s necessary and useful for Russia, then I allow my taxes to be spent on this business!
  19. schizophrenic
    schizophrenic 5 March 2014 20: 39
    Seriously, you need fuel more efficient than oxygen + hydrogen, why there are no shifts in fuel. We need to develop toliv and then everything else will be, all today's schemes are a simple complication of the old as an internal combustion engine 1900-2014.
  20. GRAY
    GRAY 5 March 2014 21: 12
    In the first half of the 1960s, Soviet engineers considered the expedition to Mars as a logical continuation of the program of manned flight to the moon that was being launched at that time. In the wake of enthusiasm caused by the priority of the USSR in space, even such extremely complex problems were assessed with increased optimism.

    One of the most important problems was (and remains to this day) the problem of energy propulsion. It was clear that LRE, even promising oxygen-hydrogen, if they can in principle provide a manned flight to Mars, then only with the huge launch masses of the interplanetary complex, with a large number of junctions of individual blocks in the near-Earth orbit.

    In search of optimal solutions, scientists and engineers turned to nuclear energy, gradually looking at this problem.

    In the USSR, research on the problems of using nuclear energy in rocket and space technology began in the second half of the 50s, even before the launch of the first satellites. Several research institutes have created small groups of enthusiasts who have set themselves the goal of creating rocket and space nuclear engines and power plants.

    Designers of OKB-11 S.P. Korolev, together with specialists from NII-12 under the leadership of V.Ya. Likhushin, considered several options for space and combat (!) Missiles equipped with nuclear rocket engines (NRE). Water and liquefied gases — hydrogen, ammonia, and methane — were evaluated as a working fluid.
  21. Fantazer911
    Fantazer911 6 March 2014 00: 45
    Well done, now we’ll send them all to the EU and the USA to Mars, otherwise it’s not good to go from their imperial ways.
  22. geptilshik
    geptilshik 6 March 2014 11: 28
    As a person belonging to one of the above enterprises, I declare that these are the next nonsense of our Roskosmos, at the moment the company is trying to support the existing Soyuz TMA-12M and Soyuz TMA-10M manned spacecraft now and in the future. A lot of marriage is going on, the technological base is becoming obsolete faster than a new one is being introduced, a shortage of specialists, an increase in the bureaucratic component of the management elite. So Angara and other spaceships are currently IMPOSSIBLE to produce at my enterprise for the next 5-7 years.
  23. schizophrenic
    schizophrenic 6 March 2014 21: 44
    The main disadvantage of a nuclear engine is the contamination of the Earth’s surface, as a result of which it is possible to install it only in 3 steps.