Military Review

Who is Nikita Khrushchev?

28
Who is Nikita Khrushchev?



The actor, the psychological manipulator, the politician who has refused public drinking parties: the file of the CIA on the secretary general is published

Nikita Khrushchev was a "master of the word", confident in his unconditional rightness. Such a characteristic in 1961 was given to the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in a report, an excerpt from which published the February Slate 21 publication. The 155-page document, recently posted on the John F. Kennedy Library website, was prepared for the American president on the eve of his meeting with Khrushchev in June 1961 of the year in Vienna, where the heads of state were to discuss the German issue.

In addition to the dossier on the CPSU General Secretary General, the report included reference materials on the negotiations between Khrushchev and President Dwight Eisenhower, as well as other materials on stories diplomatic relations of the USSR and the USA.

“In his speeches he often refers to his simple origin. He is proud of his personal accomplishments and is confident that his abilities, determination and initiative are commensurate with his position; He feels jealous of his privilege and is proud of his resourcefulness, which allowed him to bypass his rivals who had underestimated him, ”the document was written by Khrushchev.

The dossier says that after Stalin’s death in 1953, Khrushchev was not a noticeable figure in the international arena, unlike Molotov, Malenkov, Beria and Mikoyan. But over time, he began to emerge from their shadows.

Initially, in the eyes of the West, Khrushchev created the impression of "an impulsive, limited, difficult-to-communicate person, to some extent even a jester and a drunkard."


Nikita Khrushchev at the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow, 1956 year. Photocopy of TASS reproduction


“As soon as the“ cult of Khrushchev ”rapidly increased its influence, the Secretary General himself rose to an ever higher hierarchical level and acquired new powers. Over the past two years, significant changes have taken place under him, both within the Communist Party and in the government as a whole, ”the document says. And after the first secretary settled in the top of the Soviet hierarchy, "Khrushchev and his propagandists began to inflate his image to an international figure."

At the end of 1950's, the image of the secretary general was adjusted: Khrushchev decides to abandon the public manifestations of his addiction to alcohol; thanks to the professionalism of his staff, he appears before the world community as a person endowed with a sharp and lively mind, eloquence and possessing deep knowledge in various fields.

Representatives of the West, noted in the dossier, when analyzing the personality of Khrushchev, were divided in opinions regarding the motives of his actions. Some have come to the conclusion that he is an absolute pragmatist and practitioner, following the Stalinist doctrine of habit rather than of conviction. Others were stunned by his dogmatism and noticed the limitations of his outlook on the ideas of Marx, Lenin and Stalin.

“In fact, he could work with time-tested doctrines, even if they seem outdated or inappropriate to them, as, for example, in the case of Lenin’s assertion that war is inevitable. And at the same time, he repeatedly repeated to the world community about the upcoming triumph of communism, ”wrote US intelligence officers.

They described Khrushchev as "master of the word", "actor playing bright roles" and "psychological manipulator." At the same time, he is credited with such qualities as lack of insight and confidence in his unconditional rightness, sometimes not supported by any arguments: “It is because of this character trait that he seems faithful to the communist ideology, when in reality he follows the principles of communist progress, where the end justifies the means, and the very commitment to communist doctrines grows more out of blind faith than out of their understanding. ”

The meeting between John Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev was held in Vienna on June 4 1961. On it, the heads of state were to determine the prospects for further relations between the US and the USSR and discuss the resolution of issues related to, inter alia, the civil war in Laos, the ban on nuclear testing weapons and the Berlin crisis, the beginning of which is considered to be Khrushchev’s ultimatum from November 27 1958 of the year (known as the “Berlin ultimatum”). The negotiations failed, resulting in the erection of the Berlin Wall in August 1961, which was only demolished at the end of 1989.
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  1. Canep
    Canep 3 March 2014 08: 56
    +17
    Who is Nikita Khrushchev?
    A traitor is who he is. And also: .... (the following are exquisite obscene expressions in 3 languages) .....
    1. CALL.
      CALL. 3 March 2014 11: 08
      +20
      Quote: Canep
      A traitor is who he is.

      EBN, Shushkevich, Kravchuk in December 1991 destroyed the USSR with a stroke of a pen, leaving the “independent” Russian Federation a reproach to shame, immediately reporting to Bush. Contrary to our will. In the CIS, we became "Russians." And it all started with the “miracle worker” Khrushchev. With the promise of communism in 1980 It was he who shocked the world with a “cult of personality”, at night he destroyed the monuments of I.V. To Stalin, he took the body out of the Mausoleum in a thieves' way. He liquidated the MTS, destroyed “unpromising” villages, raised the prices of meat, butter, milk, fish in peacetime, and shot protesters in Novocherkassk. He organized the senseless destruction of the Russian Orthodox Church, and promised to show the "last priest." Pardoned Nazi war criminals. He cleaned the CPSU from the Stalinists. He released the Vlasovites, Bandera, forest brothers, policemen.
      He presented Port Arthur, the Far, Sino-Eastern Railway to China, the Hanko Peninsula - Finland, Crimea - Ukraine. Bred dissidents, Solzhenitsyn. Who doesn’t understand what all these “friends” are doing?
      He "reformed" the Soviet Army, fired 3 million soldiers and officers who had gone through the war at once, cut military equipment. He called into question the unconditional surrender of militaristic Japan. Tried to ascribe to ourselves our Victory. Insulted and kicked K.K. from the army Rokossovsky. Officials began to accustom to benefits. "Rides around the world, on x ... called." In Indonesia, contributed to the elimination of the Communist Party.
      Quarreled with China. In response, skirmishes began on the Chinese border.
      In 1959-1960, the non-state sector of the economy (industrial cooperative enterprises and household plots of collective farmers) was liquidated, which provided for the production of a significant part of industrial goods (clothing, shoes, furniture, dishes, toys, etc.), food (vegetables, livestock and poultry products , fish products), as well as domestic services. In 1957, the Gosplan and branch ministries (except defense) were liquidated. Thus, instead of an effective combination of planned and market economies, neither one nor the other became. And this is just what I remembered. And you can continue and ....
      1. 123dv
        123dv 3 March 2014 19: 42
        +1
        All our figures are divided into two types IN and OF.
        IN tries everything for the cause, strengthens how much the mind is enough .....
        OF - all just takeaway ...
        So!
        Lenin
        Stalin
        KhrushchevOF
        Brezhnef
        GorbachOF
        Yeltsin
        Putin
        Medveoff
        Putin
        egein!
      2. Sunjar
        Sunjar 3 March 2014 21: 27
        0
        Anatoly, only for these words you and intelligence can go.
        I support every word.
      3. The comment was deleted.
  2. calocha
    calocha 3 March 2014 09: 28
    +8
    He’s a pest with a capital letter! He killed Stalin with Beria .. He carried out a monetary reform .. (turned off the Stalinist way) He cornered the fields ...
    1. 0255
      0255 3 March 2014 09: 52
      +6
      ... and ruined the development of artillery, tanks, aircraft
      1. sspd
        sspd 3 March 2014 10: 30
        +9
        ... and it’s embarrassing to write about Crimea
  3. The comment was deleted.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 3 March 2014 10: 14
      +10
      Quote: Volynian
      breathe the Stalinists.

      Do not wait! The middle finger in your ass !!!

    2. Net
      Net 3 March 2014 10: 29
      +3
      Do not choke on saliva, ragul.
    3. valokordin
      valokordin 3 March 2014 11: 41
      -7
      Quote: Volynian
      breathe the Stalinists.

      Long live Stepan Bandera, Simon Petlyura, Viktor Yushchenko, Dmitry Yarosh, Oleg Tyagnibok, Arseniy Yaytsenyuk, and the babtist Turchina. Glory to Ukraine.
      1. Syrdon
        Syrdon 3 March 2014 11: 46
        +2
        Heroes of fat !!!
        1. The comment was deleted.
      2. pensioner
        pensioner 3 March 2014 19: 42
        +1
        valokordin
        did you happen to go too far with the number of drops? If not, then ...
  4. predator.3
    predator.3 3 March 2014 10: 16
    +3
    They described Khrushchev as a “master of the word”, “an actor who plays vivid roles” and “a psychological manipulator”.


    He even plays in the cartoon!
  5. Net
    Net 3 March 2014 10: 27
    +2
    he appears before the world community as a person endowed with a sharp and lively mind, eloquence and possessing deep knowledge in various fields


    It’s understandable, everyone is used to seeing these qualities in Stalin, and Khrushch decided to put it under him, funny winked
  6. valokordin
    valokordin 3 March 2014 11: 43
    +3
    Nikita Sergeevich laid the foundation for the collapse of the USSR.
  7. ImPerts
    ImPerts 3 March 2014 12: 13
    +1
    Quote: valokordin
    Nikita Sergeevich laid the foundation for the collapse of the USSR.

    For the sake of his own power, he fed the party nomenclature the principle of personal responsibility. The lack of personal responsibility, in the presence of goods, made them dependents and turned them into local kings and bais. And then more, and then worse.
  8. nnz226
    nnz226 3 March 2014 14: 16
    +4
    The type who deserved only a spit on the grave!
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 20: 00
      +1
      Quote: nnz226
      The type who deserved only a spit on the grave!

      What do you deserve?
  9. parusnik
    parusnik 3 March 2014 14: 54
    +1
    Ignorant .. what can I say about him and never studied and did not engage in self-education .. Of this type of people, you will show him (a penny, a knife), sing along and do whatever you like with him ..
  10. Sonyman
    Sonyman 3 March 2014 15: 32
    +2
    Khrushchev is the first agent of influence s.
    This in many ways laid the foundation for today's confrontation in "Ukraine".
  11. MahsusNazar
    MahsusNazar 3 March 2014 15: 38
    +5
    As Wasserman said, - "A bucket of slop in his coffin!"
    I can add only unprintable.
  12. kafa
    kafa 3 March 2014 16: 28
    +2
    Who is Nikita Khrushchev? This is the man who betrayed everything that he could. About the dead are not accepted .... but compared with him Gorbachev angel am
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 20: 00
      0
      Quote: kafa
      THIS MAN who betrayed everything he could

      An example of whom he betrayed?
  13. kafa
    kafa 3 March 2014 16: 31
    +1
    Quote: Volynian
    breathe the Stalinists.

    and you don’t get sick wink
  14. kind
    kind 3 March 2014 16: 36
    +1
    Long live Stepan Bandera, Simon Petlyura, Viktor Yushchenko, Dmitry Yarosh, Oleg Tyagnibok, Arseniy Yaytsenyuk, and the babtist Turchina. Glory to Ukraine.

    And all the other buggers, idiots !!!
  15. zinander
    zinander 3 March 2014 16: 58
    +3
    Only for one Crimea his devils must fry in hell, not talking about other outbreaks.
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 19: 58
      0
      Quote: Iskander
      For only one Crimea its devils must fry in hell

      And what is the essence of claims to Comrade. Khrushchev?

      Crimea was given to the Ukrainian SSR in exchange for the Belgorod region

      If you did not know this, then this is your problem. And what the hell and hell?
    2. RoTTor
      RoTTor 3 March 2014 21: 38
      0
      Water, electricity, gas, railways, highways - all through Ukraine. The borders between the union republics were rather conditional. But the economic, energy, transport services of the Crimea were tied to Ukraine. Therefore, the "gift" in the form of Crimea for the 300th anniversary of the reunification of Ukraine and Russia is a theatrical gesture.
      Because now a bridge across the Kerch Strait is really needed - otherwise the Crimea will have problems: with will, electricity and so on.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  16. Goldmitro
    Goldmitro 3 March 2014 17: 44
    +1
    <<< ... thanks to the professionalism of his staff, he (Khrushchev) appears before the world community as a person endowed with a sharp and lively mind, eloquence and profound knowledge in various fields. They (the CIA) described Khrushchev as a "master of the word", "an actor playing vivid roles" and a "psychological manipulator". >>>
    The Americans simply did not have the spirit to openly declare that, in the person of Khrushchev, they were dealing with the usual narrow-minded and primitive SAMODUR, who found himself at the helm of a huge country with nuclear weapons, which was absolutely no secret for many people in the USSR who faced him or listened to his chatter! Even Stalin once wrote to him on his note (with a proposal to toughen the repression) "calm down, d ... cancer"!
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 20: 06
      +1
      Quote: Goldmitro
      in the person of Khrushchev, they are dealing with the usual near-minded and primitive SAMODUR

      1894 g. 17 / IV - was born in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk province. 1909 - came to Yuzovka (Donbass), where his father worked in the mines at Pastukhovka and Rutchenkovo.
      1909 – 1912 - At the Bosset factory - a metalworker’s apprentice. 1912 – 1918 - locksmith at the mines in Pastukhovka and Rutchenkov. 1915 g. - began to read "Truth."
      1917 g. - at the rally met with L. M. Kaganovich.
      1918 g. - joined the RCP (b) 1919 – 1921 g. - Red Army.
      1922 g. - Deputy. the manager of the Rutchenkov mine.
      1923 g. - Rabfak in Yuzovka, Secretary of the Party Bureau.
      1925 g. - Secretary of the Petrovo-Maryinsky district, delegate to the IXth Congress of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) U, delegate with an advisory vote at the XIV Congress of the CPSU (b).
      1927 g. - delegate of the Fifth Congress of the CPSU (B.), Head. org Stalin City Committee KP (b) U.
      1928 g. - CKKP (b) U - organizational department. Head Org Kiev district committee of the Communist Party (b) U.
      1929 – 1939 - Student and secretary of the party organization of the Industrial Academy in Moscow, XVI Party Congress, delegate.
      1931 g. - Secretary of the Baum PK in Moscow (6 months).
      1931 g. - Secretary of Krasnopresnensky PK (6 months).
      1932 g. - 2-th Secretary of the MGK.
      1933 g. - Secretary M K.
      1934 g. - XVII Congress of the CPSU (b), member of the Central Committee.
      1935 g. - 1-th Secretary of the MGK (Kaganovich went to the People's Commissariat for Transport).
      1938 g. - 1-th Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) U.
      March, 1939. - Member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.).
      1941 – 1943 - tsp Military Council of different fronts (Stalingrad, Kursk).
      1944 g. - 1-th secret. CC CP (b) U, Chairman of the Sov. Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR
      1946 g. - Prev. Owls Min USSR.
      1948 g. - 1-th secret. CC CP (b) U.
      December, 1949 - sec. CIM, sec. Central Committee of the CPSU
      1952 g. - XIX p / congress. Report on party statutes.
      1953 g. - 1-th secret. Central Committee of the CPSU.
      1958 g. - Chairman. Owls Min the USSR


      A typical stockbroker of those years with vast experience in managerial work
      Brilliant political career made under Stalin
  17. Klim
    Klim 3 March 2014 18: 58
    +5
    I still remember this bastard by his taxes, every apple tree and chicken was taxed with him. Communism decided to build in 20 years, and thanks to its taxes, the people let their cattle go under the knife here and they began to raise prices for food, and after that there was a shortage. Under Stalin, the price reduction for the holidays, though not by much but still pleasantly, was felt that life is getting better.
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 19: 56
      -1
      Quote: Klim
      I still remember this bastard by his taxes

      Better remember him:

      - master plan for the electrification of railways (1956) - Khrushchev supported those who claimed that electric traction is 4 times more economical than steam, the cost of electrifying the tracks will quickly pay off;

      - the development of the chemical industry (as a result, in 1965 compared to 1950, the production of mineral fertilizers increased six times, synthetic and plastic masses increased 13 times, chemical fibers - 17 times.)

      - mechanization of agriculture;

      - reduction of taxes on the household plots, the abolition of mandatory supplies from it;

      - development of livestock, construction of large poultry farms;

      - HOUSING (no matter how hard they try to denigrate them - all Russian cities are built up with "Khrushchevs". To deny this is the same as to assert that the Sun rises from the west. The quality of housing in this case does not matter, since there is no alternative).

      Already at the July (1953) plenum of the Central Committee, Khrushchev declared: “But what is communism if there are no cakes and butter?”

      Over the years of his reign N.C. Khrushchev increased the minimum wage in the public sector by 35%, doubled the size of pensions for workers and employees, introduced throughout the country pensions for collective farmers. And, perhaps, the greatest merit of Khrushchev in the social sphere was radical improvement of the living conditions of the people.

      Finally, remember him:

      - SPACE

      - Ocean Navy - under Khrushchev, our fleet for the first time since the Russo-Japanese War entered the World Ocean;

      - development of aviation (MiG-21 new generation fighters, Su-9 interceptors, Yak-28, Tu-16 bombers, unique MiG-25 flying at three speeds of sound)
      1. Klim
        Klim 3 March 2014 20: 43
        +6
        The whole foundation of all this was laid before him by L.P.Beria
      2. saturn.mmm
        saturn.mmm 3 March 2014 23: 06
        +2
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        - development of aviation (MiG-21 new generation fighters, Su-9 interceptors, Yak-28, Tu-16 bombers, unique MiG-25 flying at three speeds of sound)

        That's right, only the Tu-16 first flight in 1952.
        I would add a significant event under Khrushchev, this is the creation of the first nuclear submarine of the USSR K-3 "Leninsky Komsomol".
      3. Volynian
        Volynian 4 March 2014 06: 16
        -1
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        Better remember him:

        Yes, it’s useless to prove anything to ragul. they lick Georgian lavishly ... and ask for supplements. They often say that Russians are a nation of slaves that cannot live without whipping, and then Russians are very offended by this. But they themselves say the same thing, it’s enough to read most of the comments under this article. stupid uneducated aggressive paternalistic. which, moreover, does not know its own history. And most importantly, she does not want to know her.
  18. 11111mail.ru
    11111mail.ru 3 March 2014 20: 10
    +2
    I remember the queues for bread in our village. We worked as a team. The bakery was on the southern outskirts of a kilometer 1,5 from the center of the village. A road with two bends. There are five classmates on my street. Two cyclists ride around the bends. One of them I, went "under the frame". Seeing a bread cart leaving, lined with galvanized iron, my partner passed the baton to me, I rushed to the center and the guys quickly organized their turn. By the time the bread truck arrived, the queue was already around 30-40 people, but we were already at the beginning of the queue and were buying our own (one) loaf freely. Sometimes, for the sake of a joke, they organized a false alarm, but when the adults explained to us a couple of times what was happening, they stopped playing around. They tried to bake bread even with the addition of pea flour. A ditty was quickly born: "Okay-ok Khrushchev eats pancakes; We eat black bread like horses ne" r "dim".
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 3 March 2014 20: 41
      0
      Quote: 11111mail.ru
      A ditty was quickly born: "Okay-ok Khrushchev eats pancakes; We eat black bread like horses ne" r "dim".

      And how was life under Stalin?
      Under the king?
      1. 11111mail.ru
        11111mail.ru 4 March 2014 05: 37
        0
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        And how was life under Stalin?
        Under the king?

        Have you forgotten? Well, yes, Mafusail's centuries, memory fails ... Open Soviet textbooks and look for the answer there, especially since the authors = your field of berries, at the time of writing are ideologically sustained. But to bring the situation in peacetime to the queues of bread, when there is nothing on the shelves except for "Dunkina's joy" sweets and salt, you need to be able to do this, like your tagged moishe ... Khrushch = communism by 1980, tagged moisha = separate apartment in 2000 ... storytellers.
  19. RoTTor
    RoTTor 3 March 2014 21: 30
    +4
    transfusion from empty to empty.
    Khrushchev is a cunning, poorly educated, cowardly and vile intriguer and adventurer, executioner, with vigorous initiative, a champion of repression, who inflicted tremendous harm on the motherland in all spheres of activity.

    Who, let the child or youth himself lived in those days, will agree.

    A lot of personal impressions. Here are just a few:
    1. STALIN, Mikoyan and many others studied in theological seminaries. Therefore, on their initiative, churches were closed, used for anything, but never destroyed. The Cathedral of Christ the Savior was hastily demolished by the personal order of the Khrushchev, then the first secretary of the CPSU VKP (b). Blamed everything on Kaganovich, who had the stupidity to put forward this scoundrel and start his career.

    In Kiev, next to school No. 145, where I studied, there was the Trinity Church. In 1961, it was overhauled and restored. This was the first such case since 1917. Khrushchev often came to Kiev. And that day he went to football, to the stadium, earlier. them. Khrushchev. I stopped at the church - next to the stadium and through the fence at our school. Not embarrassed by anyone, including us, schoolchildren, who stood with flowers 3 (three) meters away from him, burst out with a terrible swearing: we are going to communism, and you ........ are repairing churches !!! DROP IMMEDIATELY !!!!!!!!! ". It was about 19:13. When we arrived at school tomorrow - by 45:XNUMX, on the second shift, there was no church or construction waste, and fresh asphalt was smoking.
    At this place, a couple of months later, they set up a pub, where drunks from all over the area gathered. To the "joy" of the parents - there were 5 (five) schools nearby, within a radius of a couple of hundred meters.

    2. corn in the Arkhangelsk region was forced to plant.
    3. small white buns of 3 kopecks. - ulcers in polyclinics and junior high school students - one at a time. I attributed my mom.
    3. I saw trophy warships on the Black Sea, paranoid of Indonesia before shipment.
    4. Saw cemeteries of combat aircraft and warships destroyed by his stupidity.
    5. I saw and remember how purposefully humiliated the officer corps, the people who were expelled from the army a month or two before retirement, Served with those who were kicked out of the graduate school course, then, after the crap, they called for, outstripping both life and career.

    6. I remember how in the FIRST QUARTER, that is, in September-November 1964, THREE history books were changed. The second, where the only hero was only horsetail, was given out, and two weeks later the horsetail was removed, the textbook was taken right in the lesson and completely destroyed.

    7. Khrushchev released from the camps ahead of schedule and without defeat in the rights of policemen, Bandera. So it sprouted now

    8. Khrushchev destroyed the household plots of the peasants.
    And to infinity.

    In short. THE MOST SCARY ENEMY IS INTERNAL.
  20. datur
    datur 3 March 2014 22: 28
    +1
    just have the impression THAT CRIMEA ,, ----- THIS IS A TROYAN HORSE !!! of our LIGHTEST !!