Military Review

Gun Browning sample 1900 (FN Browning model 1900)

The gun Browning 1900 (FN Browning model 1900), designed by the legendary gunsmith John Moses Browning, chambered for 7,65mm Brownin (7,62x17mm SR, .32 ACP), which was also designed by Browning in 1896 year.

Weapon replaced the outdated revolvers and combined in itself lightness, compactness, good balancing, smoothness of forms. Data quality combined with moderate cost allowed the pistol to gain enormous popularity in the market of civilian weapons.

John Browning designed several pistol designs for Colt's Patent Firearms. In one of the variants of the gun, in January 1896, the designer applied the principle of automation, using the recoil energy with a free gate. By combining the bolt and barrel casing into a single piece, the bolt-on housing Browning was able to provide enough of the bolt mass needed to lock the barrel without increasing the weight of the weapon. However, Colt needed a powerful military pistol and was not satisfied with the principle of locking, the low-power cartridge not used in the pistol. Browning soon developed several weapon options for the company's requests. The unclaimed, but very promising pistol aroused interest among the representatives of the Belgian arms company Fabrique Nationale d'Armes de Guerre (National Military Weapons Factory), located in the city of Gernstal.

17 July 1897 was signed an agreement between John Moses Browning and company president Charles de Marmoth for the production of a self-loading 7,65 mm caliber pistol, which received the designation FN Browning model 1900.

Gun Browning sample 1900 (FN Browning model 1900)

The original version of the gun was improved by J. Browning, and 29 patented April 1898 in Switzerland under the number 16896, and 21 March March 1899 of the year Browning received an American patent under the number XXNX. The designer significantly changed the trigger mechanism, the drummer replaced the trigger.

An interesting solution was to combine the functions of the combat and recoil in one piece. The spring located above the barrel worked in compression as returnable and as combat.

The upper end of the firing pin lever was the index of the firing position of the firing pin. When the drummer was in the deflated position, the slot of the sight overlapped.

After the Belgian gunsmiths made a number of changes to the design of the sear and the magazine's latch, in January 1899, mass production of the pistol began.

The Browning 1900 pistol (FN Browning model 1900) consists of a frame with a barrel fixed in it, a casing, parts of a firing mechanism, a safety device and a magazine.

The shutter casing consists of two separate parts: the shutter and the casing, connected by means of two screws to the honey. Return-combat spring is located above the table in the housing-bolt.

The rear end of the spring rests against the part of the fixed body, and the front end pushes the rod connected to the middle of the lever forward. The upper end of the lever pushes the housing-slide forward, the lower end of the lever pushes the drummer forward. The pistol has a single-action trigger mechanism of the shock type. On the left side of the Browning 1900 pistol frame is a safety catch. Shop capacity 7 single-row. The magazine is held in the frame of the gun with the help of a spring-loaded latch located at the bottom of the handle.

Weight and linear characteristics of the Browning 1900 pistol and its cartridge.

Caliber 7,65mm Browning cartridge. The sleeve with a cylindrical body is brass, has a groove. The bottom of the sleeve has a slightly larger diameter than the sleeve, in the bottom there is a cap of central ignition. Charge weight of smokeless powder 0,2 g; bullet weight in a nickel silver sheath 4,8 g, weight of a cartridge 7,6 g; chuck length 25 mm, sleeve length 17 mm, bullet length 11,7 mm, bullet diameter 7,85 mm.

The length of the gun 163 mm, thickness 22 mm, height 115 mm. The length of the barrel is 102 mm (originally the gun was also produced with the barrel length of 122 mm). The bore of the weapon has an 6 right-angle thread. The weight of the gun with an empty magazine 625 g. The initial velocity of the bullet at the muzzle 270 m / s. Bullet piercing: on the 10, the bullet pierces the 4 pine boards of 25 mm each, set apart from one another at a distance of 25 mm. On 200, a bullet pierces two such boards. The bullet penetrates the 80 mm into the pine log.

The Browning 1900 pistol (FN Browning model 1900) was already adopted by the Belgian army officers on June 3, 1900, from March 31, 1901, the Browning 1900 began to be used in the Belgian gendarmerie, and on May 6, 1901, the gun was adopted by non-commissioned officers and artillerymen. Soon the pistol entered service with the police of Norway, Finland, Denmark, Luxembourg and Croatia. The Browning 1900 pistol was also popular in Russia, where it was usually called Browning No. 1. The gun was allowed to be purchased privately by officers of the tsarist army and fleetIt was used by postal workers and gendarmerie. Browning 1900 received wider distribution around the world as a civilian weapon.

The weapons were produced with various finishes: ordinary and single-piece, which could have engravings of varying complexity, mother-of-pearl handles, gold-plated finishes, etc.

In addition to the significant advantages of the FN Browning model 1900, it still had several disadvantages. When worn with a cocked drummer, the reciprocating spring was quickly stretched and weakened. Insufficiently reliable fuse did not provide complete safety when carrying a pistol with a cartridge in the chamber. Due to the small stopping power of the 7,65 mm caliber bullet, it was necessary to shoot only vital organs in order to quickly defeat the enemy. The design of the 1900 model was not good enough even for that time, so the designer himself soon created a number of more advanced models of the 7,65 caliber and 9 mm and equipped with automatic fuses.

Despite a number of flaws, the Browning 1900 pistol of the year is a vibrant page. stories short guns. This is one of the first truly comfortable, rapid-fire and compact pistols. Browning 1900 is rightly called the founder of compact pistols.

The huge popularity and demand of the pistol led to the fact that many private enterprises and small weapon workshops began to make copies of the 1900 model legally and not legally.
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  1. sanitar80
    sanitar80 1 March 2014 09: 38
    So that's where the TT came from.
    1. avt
      avt 1 March 2014 09: 51
      Quote: sanitar80
      So that's where the TT came from.

      Not from here. More precisely, from a later model of the John Moiseevich pistol line. Rather, from the 1903 model, but if you look in the site’s archive, you will find a very solid article about TT, which shows the roots of its origin and differences with the basic Browning model. Article good nice to read, well illustrated.
      1. Orang
        Orang 1 March 2014 12: 03
        The similarity is external, completely different automation. stop
        1. Sour
          Sour 1 March 2014 17: 09
          But I don’t see any external resemblance.
  2. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 1 March 2014 10: 28
    You will laugh for a long time, but the FN Browning model 1900 is still produced and is in service in the DPRK. There it is called "type 64"
    The action of the Model 64 automatic pistol is based on the use of recoil energy. He has a fixed barrel and a massive shutter. The return spring is located above the barrel. The store is designed for 7 rounds. The aiming device is stationary, the range of lethal action is 30 m. The fuse is located on the spruce side of the handle and is actuated by the thumb of the right hand.
    One of the modifications of this gun is characterized by a short bolt-shield and a long barrel with an external thread in the muzzle, supposedly intended for a silencer.
    Features: Model 64 automatic pistol
    Caliber, mm - 7,65
    Muzzle velocity (v0), m / s - 290
    Weapon Length, mm - 171
    Height of the weapon, mm - 122
    Rate of fire, rds / min - 710
    Sight line length, mm - 125
    The mass in the charged state, kg - 0,624
    Cartridge - 7,65xl7HR
    Barrel length, mm - 102
    Rifling / direction - 6 / n
    Ammo capacity - 7
    Effective range, m - 30
  3. alex-cn
    alex-cn 1 March 2014 10: 30
    If we say who is from, it is more likely that the TC went from him, in appearance it is more similar, but the mechanics are noticeably different.
    1. Kapitan Oleg
      Kapitan Oleg 1 March 2014 14: 43
      Well, Duc Korovin worked for John Moiseich for a long time and had an internship.
    2. anomalocaris
      anomalocaris 2 March 2014 07: 30
      TC went from the 1906 Browning sample.
  4. avt
    avt 1 March 2014 10: 45
    Quote: alex-cn
    If we say who is from, it is more likely that the TC went from him, in appearance it is more similar, but the mechanics are noticeably different.

    request In general, they have always been compared precisely in terms of mechanics, and not in appearance. In outward appearance, only "experts" of "Kalasha" with a "schmayser" compare.
  5. alex-cn
    alex-cn 1 March 2014 10: 54
    I will not argue, but nevertheless TK and No. 1 are closer to each other than TT and HP to both of them
  6. avt
    avt 1 March 2014 11: 30
    Quote: alex-cn
    but still TK and No. 1 are closer to each other,

    Fixed barrel and free shutter? Well, you can compare it with Mauser M 1910/1914, in terms of layout of parts of the TC mechanism, closer to Mauser, in my opinion.
  7. Takashi
    Takashi 1 March 2014 12: 40
    ahem. Explain, if a pistol at a distance of 20 m (by the way, please correct - NOT 200 Meters !!!) pierces 2 boards and deepens by 80 mm = 8 cm, why is the bullet considered to have a small "stopping effect"

    30 for the gun is an ideal distance.

    "Due to the small stopping effect of a 7,65 mm bullet, it was necessary to shoot only vital organs to quickly defeat the enemy."
    1. anomalocaris
      anomalocaris 2 March 2014 07: 48
      Indeed, the BDP 1900 arr. extremely low. And it cannot be otherwise. The muzzle energy of this pistol is 174 J; the small item has approximately the same energy. Plus small, for a pistol, caliber. You see, NIR is determined by the ability of a bullet to transmit energy to a target. Depends on the caliber and design of the bullet, its energy and the characteristics of the affected object. It has no direct correlation with penetration.
  8. shurup
    shurup 1 March 2014 13: 22
    The grandfather of automatic pistols weighs less than PM.
    I sympathize with collectors who do not have this and regret that I am not a collector. The original model in a frame under glass on the cabinet wall looks better than in a drawer at hand.
    Thanks to the author for a beautiful and competent article.
  9. Kapitan Oleg
    Kapitan Oleg 1 March 2014 14: 45
    The author did not say one more important thing, A.Polypin was killed from such a machine
    1. Argon
      Argon 1 March 2014 15: 30
      Killing is not necessary to raise the mind, it’s not necessary anymore, although it’s noticed correctly. The more I learn about small arms, the more I feel sympathy for fixed-barrel automation circuits. The barrel is very well located (lowered) to the axis of reaction of the forearm, but the return spring request , in my opinion, Walter \ PM \ Chzet decided this moment much more elegantly. In any case, the device is revolutionary for its time.
      1. ramsi
        ramsi 1 March 2014 16: 05
        and in my opinion, the Borchard (Luger) scheme is more elegant, against its background all the schemes with a free, and even more so coupled shutter, look clumsy
      2. Sour
        Sour 1 March 2014 21: 12
        Quote: Argon
        have a liking for fixed-barrel automation schemes

        Of the systems with a fixed barrel, my favorite is the P-9 pistol from Heckler und Koch. But this is a matter of taste. In general, the Walter P-38 is a good system with a moving barrel.
      3. anomalocaris
        anomalocaris 2 March 2014 07: 34
        A return spring around the barrel was again located by Browning in the 1910 sample.
  10. Ilya Mikhalych
    Ilya Mikhalych 1 March 2014 15: 05
    An elegant little thing, an interesting design solution. Article +
  11. Sour
    Sour 1 March 2014 17: 07
    Quote: sanitar80
    So that's where the TT came from.

    With such knowledge in the field of weapons, do not disgrace and do not make people laugh. The TT does not have a free shutter, but a linked, moreover, openly located trigger. And the TT as such does not have a fuse, except for the post-war TTs of Chinese models. There, the principle of protection is completely different. Nothing to do with the TT, except for the presence of a handle, trigger and barrel. Are you a humanist, probably? Or have they still passed the exam?