Military Review

Losing the US. India becomes the largest foreign buyer of American weapons.

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Losing the US. India becomes the largest foreign buyer of American weapons.India sharply increased the purchase of American military equipment. Last year, New Delhi bought military products from the US for 1,9 billion dollars, which is eight times more than the level of 2009 of the year. Until now, the majority of Indian arms procurement contracts have been in Russia. However, in recent years, Moscow has been losing competition.


In 2013, India bought US military products for as much as 1,9 billion dollars, making New Delhi the largest foreign buyer of American weapons, note the authors of the IHS report, FT reports. For comparison: back in 2009, India imported US military equipment for only 237 million dollars. Total India last year bought weapons for 5,9 billion dollars.

Recently, in the face of corruption scandals, a slowdown in economic growth and budgetary constraints, India has experienced difficulties in financing armaments. As a result, many Western exporters have not yet been able to conclude solid deals with New Delhi. For example, the French Dassault has been waiting for India for the final stage of negotiations on the purchase of the Rafale 18 fighter jets until only a preliminary agreement has been signed. However, the problems of India do not affect the contracts with the United States, which is only becoming more.

“We see that the structure of trade has changed dramatically for the dominant players. India is ahead of everyone, ”states IHS report author Ben Moore.

India overtook China and became the largest importer of weapons in 2010 year (data from the International Peace Research Institute in Stockholm, which explores the global arms trade). Now India has overtaken Saudi Arabia, which was previously the largest buyer of American weapons, the authors report IHS.

However, the Middle East continues to gain momentum. So, Saudi Arabia as a whole last year imported military equipment for more than 5,4 billion dollars, which is twice as much as in the 2009 year (2,2 billion dollars). It is expected that by 2015, its imports will grow to 7,8 billion dollars. The UAE bought arms for 1,4 billion dollars last year, and by the year 2015 will increase imports by half - to 3,1 billion dollars.

In total, Saudi Arabia, Oman and the United Arab Emirates last year imported military equipment worth 9,3 billion dollars (against 8,7 billion dollars a year earlier). Moreover, American companies account for half of all exports in the region.

After a year and a half, South Korea may enter the top 10 of global military exporters, according to IHS. Last year, South Korea exported military equipment to 600 million dollars, but by the year 2015 will increase exports to 1,5 billion dollars, which will allow overtaking China and ousting some large western companies from the export market, analysts say.

IHS experts have noted a disappointing trend for Russia. The US is winning the Indian arms market from Russia, while remaining the largest exporter of military equipment in the world. In total, last year, the United States exported weapons to 25,5 billion dollars against 24,9 billion dollars the previous year.

Until now, the majority of Indian arms procurement contracts have been in Russia. In part, this was a tribute to the Soviet past: India needed to replace or upgrade the equipment that it bought from its former ally, the USSR. In particular, the Indian Air Force has been using MiG-21 and MiG-27 together with Su-30 for several decades. The number of Su-30 MKIs to 2018 is planned to be brought to 272 units.

Now India has 184 of these machines: 50 delivered from Russia in assembled form, another 134 were assembled under license in the country itself. Thus, India must replenish the park with another 88 Su-30s. Russia generously supplied India with Mi and Ka helicopters, Tu and Il planes, Tanks T-72 and T-90, different types of armored cars, anti-tank missiles, anti-aircraft weapons, destroyers and submarines, as well as nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers.

However, for several years now India has been actively replacing Russian weapons with American ones, and Russia's share in the Indian arms market has begun to flow into the hands of the United States. A year ago, this had to be recognized by the highest military leadership of the Russian Federation. Alexander Fomin, head of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation, acknowledged that Russia is losing arms markets in Asia and the Middle East (recalling, however, that it is acquiring new markets - in Latin America and Africa).

Russia's losing in a number of tenders held in recent years by the Indian Defense Ministry, Fomin explained the tightening of competition in the world market, but not the quality of the products of the Russian military-industrial complex.

“I agree that there is a trend. But if you are hinting whether there is a drop in quality in this trend, then there is no and there is no again. There are quality problems, we do not deny it. But exactly the same have our main competitors. These are solvable issues, ”Fomin said. “We live in a tough competitive environment, in which our well-known rivals - the USA, Europe and even China - are located,” he added.

“Once India had the same relations with its Western competitors. Now they are different - more free, the corresponding embargoes have been lifted, the gates have opened, and our competitors have entered their full height. And, as a rule, winning and losing a tender are not always explained by technical or economic considerations. The entire set of these parameters is important, including, perhaps, the intention to diversify arms suppliers. After all, a weapon is a delicate thing. This is a very important area of ​​interaction not only economic, but also political, ”said Fomin.

Among the failures of Russia in the Indian market - the loss of the Indian tender to replace the old Russian military helicopters Mi-24. New Delhi decided to replace them not with new Russian Mi-28 and Ka-52, but with American Apache helicopters, ordering 22 overseas machines for 1,5 billion dollars. In addition, the Indian leadership chose to order American-made 15 heavy transport helicopters instead of Russian Mi-26.

India also preferred the Russian anti-submarine aircraft Tu-142, which for a long time were in service with the Indian fleet, American anti-submarine P-8. India ordered 12 such aircraft for $ 3 billion; there is an option to purchase another 12 aircraft.

India actively used An-24, transport aircraft for medium and small airlines. Russia arrogantly believed that India, which decided to update the fleet of this technology, would buy Russian new models. However, New Delhi made a knight's move and ordered Super Hercules 12 machines (C-130) for 2,1 billion dollars. IL-76 and its last modification IL-476 also turned out to be uninteresting to the Hindus. They signed a contract for 4,1 billion dollars from the United States for the purchase of X-NUMX military transport aircraft Globemaster C-10 (instead of IL-17).

India also adopted the latest US reconnaissance aircraft, the Gulfstream-3. Russia's failure is also associated with India’s refusal to continue to procure Russian Igla man-portable air defense systems. Their place was taken by American missile systems Stinger.

Moreover, Russia often loses tenders not only to Americans, but also to other competitors. Earlier, New Delhi decided to buy the Israeli Spider missile system instead of the Russian Buk-M1-2. India also stopped buying Russian T-90 tanks, since it began producing its own Arjun tanks.

India is now strongly trying to diversify sources of weapons in order not to depend too much on anyone, explains Alexander Khramchikhin, head of the analytical department of the Institute for Political and Military Analysis (IPVA).

At the same time, Russia in its relations with India makes obvious mistakes. “Russia still does not understand that India is no longer a banana, but a great power with rather strong technological and financial capabilities. Russian officials believe that India will buy whatever it offers, as it was in Soviet times. But this is not the case for a long time, ”Hramchikhin told the newspaper VIEW.

“Therefore, we often offer a deliberately losing option - and we are really losing the competition in terms of quality, prices and timing of the program’s implementation,” he adds.

“For some reason, for combat helicopters, we decided that the Mi-28, not tested in any war, would win against Apache, which was tested in dozens of wars. It was at least strange, ”the military expert said.

There is also a geopolitical problem that Russia has created for itself. “Moscow imposes on India a senseless triangle Russia-India-China, which New Delhi is absolutely not needed. India will be happy to be friends against China, but not with China. By this we also pushed India away from us towards the United States, which is just ready to be friends against China, ”Khramchikhin said.

India is still Russia's strategic partner. According to experts, only in 2009 – 2012. Russia earned roughly 11 billion dollars in arms exports to India. “In fact, 40% of our arms exports go to India. We have joint projects and licensed samples of aviation and land transport armaments. But the problem is that in recent years Russia has found it difficult to compete in the global arms market. And the Indian side will always look closely at the ratio of innovation, reliability and cost, ”said Ivan Andrievsky, first vice president of the Russian public organization Russian Union of Engineers, to the VIEW newspaper.

“Russian officials need to realize that India is a great power, that New Delhi does not owe us anything. It is necessary to offer adequate goods plus stop imposing on her friendship with China, ”Khramchikhin concludes.
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  1. Hott
    Hott 25 February 2014 12: 23
    0
    Khramchikhin is such Khramikhin.
  2. oscar
    oscar 25 February 2014 12: 25
    0
    Yeah. It is not yet known for whom India is purchasing weapons?
  3. pan_nor
    pan_nor 25 February 2014 12: 28
    +2
    India still remains a strategic partner of Russia.

    It seems that it doesn’t scare our people? fool
  4. ikken
    ikken 25 February 2014 12: 29
    +2
    Resting on their laurels killed more than one person. Well, nothing, there will be VPK-shniki meaner and more agile. You look, and our army will get better from this.
  5. Tatarus
    Tatarus 25 February 2014 12: 30
    0
    tells the newspaper LOOK Khramchikhin.

    The great expert and expert Khramchikhin knows exactly how to behave in Russia and what it is afraid of in Asia.

    There is also a geopolitical problem that Russia has created for itself. “Moscow imposes on India a senseless triangle Russia-India-China, which New Delhi is absolutely not needed. India will be happy to be friends against China, but not with China. By this we also pushed India away from us towards the United States, which is just ready to be friends against China, ”Khramchikhin said.

    Well, of course, China, where without it.
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 25 February 2014 13: 20
      +1
      Without China, it’s really nowhere, but with China we are working separately, and with India separately. As far as I remember, we do not take any side in their confrontation. The expert, apparently, confuses the friendship of China with Pakistan against India and the relationship between India and China with Russia (everything is on the map, poke your finger - you’ll get somewhere).
  6. Horst78
    Horst78 25 February 2014 12: 31
    +1
    Yes, and do not care.
    Quote: oscar
    It is not yet known for whom India is purchasing weapons?

    And for whom can she buy? Really for Tibet?
    1. oscar
      oscar 25 February 2014 12: 35
      0
      Yes, even so. Here she is the prospect of an Asian conflict ... Well, as an option.
  7. Scandinavian
    Scandinavian 25 February 2014 12: 33
    +2
    I have no doubt that the Indian military smacks of millions of bribes ... in short, corruption is everywhere ...
    1. alone
      alone 25 February 2014 22: 34
      0
      Quote: Scandinavian
      I have no doubt that the Indian military smacks of millions of bribes ... in short, corruption is everywhere ...


      So you want to say that Russia also gave the Indian military bribes for the supplied Russian weapons? However, the bold statement of the Scandinavian! wink
  8. Betahon
    Betahon 25 February 2014 12: 47
    +1
    “Therefore, we often offer a deliberately losing option - and, indeed, we lose competition in terms of quality, prices, and terms of the program,” he adds (Khramchikhin).

    With a full degree of responsibility, I can say that all these excuses (competition, corruption, defaults, the situation, etc.) only show that we simply lost the talented and professional military merchants who previously exported weapons and its components even to England and the United States, pleasing, first of all, about Stainless, and only then about their stomach.
  9. Gagarin
    Gagarin 25 February 2014 13: 18
    +1
    Rollbacks with the help of a green wrapper printing press do their job!
  10. Strashila
    Strashila 25 February 2014 13: 23
    0
    “Russia's losses in a number of tenders held in recent years by the Indian Ministry of Defense, Fomin explained by toughening competition in the world market, but not by the quality of products of the Russian military-industrial complex.” ... it may be a matter of kickbacks or blackmailing leaders ... when corruption scandals surface.
  11. vel77
    vel77 25 February 2014 13: 29
    +2
    everything is just Indians bucks throw off, the same way goes China and Russia
  12. Gagarin
    Gagarin 25 February 2014 13: 32
    +1
    Quote: vel77
    everything is just Indians bucks throw off, the same way goes China and Russia

    By the way, a golden thought, dear, I somehow missed this alignment.
  13. AlexxxNik
    AlexxxNik 25 February 2014 14: 32
    0
    it’s okay, we’ll get more and the menagery from VPK appetites will die on Goz, and it is not out of place for the Indians to remember how easily and naturally the Americans turn off the Amer’s weapons systems at a time when they are so needed
  14. Ivan Petrovich
    Ivan Petrovich 25 February 2014 15: 06
    +2
    Americans fight around the world and win wars. What other advertising is needed to buy their equipment? and their quality was always better than ours
    1. AlexxxNik
      AlexxxNik 25 February 2014 20: 33
      0
      heard a ringing ...
      firstly, there was no question of quality, but the post was about the possibility of amers remotely disconnecting the systems they sold, depending on political necessity. Well, if it was a question of quality, then nothing good for the Indians will burn out, the Amerian technique categorically requires a high engineering culture of storage and maintenance, given that the Indian habitat is more than local operations in recent years and that the Indians had densely The USSR product, and this is very relaxing for the rear, we recall the stacks of non-tropical TOURs and dumped almost under the open sky. shtatovskie toys such tricks, I think, will not tolerate. Of course, they win wars, but firstly not alone, and secondly, after all their victories, claims of financially deceived generals from the opposite side begin to pour in, and here it is clear that the quality of the weapon is not an argument
  15. Nayhas
    Nayhas 25 February 2014 15: 50
    +5
    Gentlemen are commentators. Let’s be without emotion. Objectively, India would have long been purchased from the United States, they just did not sell them because did not want to unnerve Pakistan. As soon as the United States fled to Pakistan, the US market immediately became open to India. The USA offered the best that is, India had something to choose and compare:
    AH-64E is better than Mi-28, is there any doubt here? Of the advantages of the Mi-28, only the price ...
    The Tu-142 cannot be compared with the P-8I Poseidon, an ancient aircraft of the 80s level and the most modern anti-submarine complex including the Triton UAV.
    An-24 with S-130 in general in different weight categories, like Mi-26 with SN-47, on the contrary.
    IL-476 at the time of the conclusion of the agreement on S-17 was only in development, until now its mass production has not been properly established, the Indians received all S-17s.
    India is not satisfied with the "give money and we will create what you need" approach, they buy ready-made.
  16. clidon
    clidon 25 February 2014 17: 33
    0
    Earlier, the Indians were attached to us and, in fact, bought weapons without an alternative. Despite the fact that, especially in the 90s, we often abused this, offering raw products, which were brought to condition at the expense of the customer and greatly underestimating the cost of the order, recouping later. Now that Delhi can choose its suppliers, it prudently does not put all its eggs in one basket, both military and political. At the same time, the Indians still see us as a "good old" partner and, in general, continue to buy weapons.
  17. kelevra
    kelevra 25 February 2014 20: 17
    0
    India itself condemns itself to lose in a possible future war! Let me explain - In the event of a war between the United States and India's allies or business partners, the United States simply will not supply spare parts for its equipment sold to the Indians and all the "power" of the Indian army will stand up! doubts that the United States simply wants a "quiet victory" in the event of any conflict. They have enough other ways to fill the treasury, take the same FRS, they do not need to sell their equipment to the whole world. So, these are far-reaching plans for disruption of any defense and offensive of a country in which there is US equipment! Remember at least helicopters for Afghanistan, why do you think the American Congress voted against our MI-17 for Afghans? In this case, the United States simply lost control over the equipment. Why shoot them down, when it's easier not to put new rotors on your "black hawks"!
  18. Yun Klob
    Yun Klob 25 February 2014 20: 37
    0
    India, the lesson of the Anglo-Argentine war for the future did not go. Again, purchased in America, the ammunition will not explode, and India will be puzzled by surprise.
    1. clidon
      clidon 25 February 2014 21: 44
      0
      Any imported weapons are a risk, so Delhi has to take a certain risk. And whoever does not allow the ammunition to explode - we or the United States, I think, is not so important. While they are trying to nationalize production as much as possible.
    2. Ivan Petrovich
      Ivan Petrovich 25 February 2014 21: 58
      0
      do you think our all explode? Well, if only in storage depots :) the percentage of munitions that didn’t work out and we have very high. especially air bombs
  19. APASUS
    APASUS 25 February 2014 21: 06
    0
    So, Saudi Arabia as a whole last year imported more than $ 5,4 billion worth of military equipment, which is twice as much as in 2009 ($ 2,2 billion). By 2015, its imports are expected to grow to $ 7,8 billion.

    It seems that the Saudis are trying to make the largest warehouse of military equipment labeled MADE IN USA. In addition, one trend can be seen here, the Saudis can greatly ruin relations with the Americans and then they will not see new supplies and spare parts, and here the desired storage is useful
  20. Platov
    Platov 25 February 2014 22: 17
    0
    So our industry does not have time to fulfill orders, it is very bad.
  21. voliador
    voliador 26 February 2014 00: 17
    0
    Yes, the Indians themselves need allies against the Chinese. So they started to procure the arms of the Sramers to court, since the Chinese have already developed a stand.
  22. garik77
    garik77 26 February 2014 02: 28
    0
    Perhaps Russia needs to start delivering weapons to Pakistan. After all, we are selling it to Azerbaijan, which is in conflict with Armenia and nothing .. Moreover, we are selling air defense systems and attack helicopters. Maybe then the Indians are combed. In general, according to the recall of one acquaintance who has worked for more than 10 years in India in our trade mission, everything is built on bribery .. The East is a delicate matter, you won’t miss it - you won’t go.