Military Review

News of the Russian-American cooperation in the field of rocket engines

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Russian-American cooperation in the space field may reach a new level. According to the publication Space News, the United States is considering the possibility of buying a license to manufacture rocket engines RD-180. In the near future, work should begin on assessing the possibility of signing such an agreement and organizing licensed production of engines.




Russia and the United States began to cooperate in the field of rocket engines in the mid-nineties. Thus, in 1996, the Russian research and production association Energomash with the RD-180 project won the tender for the creation and supply of engines for the American Atlas carrier rockets. Shortly after the end of the tender, Energomash and General Dynamics signed an agreement, according to which, before 2018, the Russian side must supply an 101 RD-180 engine worth about 10 million each. So far, most of the contract has been executed: the American space industry has received 70 engines.

In accordance with several existing agreements, the Russian NPO Energomash is engaged in the production of engines for American launch vehicles. All other work and responsibilities are assigned to the RD-Amros joint venture created by Energomash and Pratt & Whitney. The first launch of the American Atlas IIA-R rocket (later renamed Atlas III) equipped with Russian engines took place in 2000. Until 2005, there were six launches. The purpose of these activities was to launch commercial and military spacecraft into orbit. Since 2002, Atlas V missiles have been used for the same purposes. To date, 43 launches of such missiles have been completed, including one emergency.

Due to the launching of military equipment into orbit, the Russian side has recently begun to make corresponding claims. For example, last summer, Russia for this reason planned to terminate the contract for the supply of RD-180 engines. The termination of deliveries of Russian engines does not suit the United States. Without similar engines, Americans will not be able to exploit their launch vehicles. In addition, there is every reason to believe that the United States plans to continue operating Atlas V missiles even after 2018, for which a new treaty must be signed.

Claims from the Russian side forced the Americans to start searching for a way to protect their space programs from a possible breakdown of the engine supply contract. One of the most profitable ways to solve this problem is to purchase a license for the independent production of RD-180 engines. In this case, American enterprises will be able to produce and supply the required number of engines, and projects in the space industry will not depend on the relations between the two countries.

It should be noted that the benefits of the independent production of rocket engines will be accompanied by some difficulties. First of all, this is a significant increase in the cost of engines. According to various estimates, the licensed version of the RD-180 will cost almost one and a half times more than the original Russian version. The main reason for the rise in prices will be the high complexity of the deployment of the production of engines created taking into account the capabilities and technologies available to the Russian industry. Because of this, the real increase in the cost of engines may be even higher than expected.

The second problem of the possible licensed production of engines is the difficulty of purchasing a license. Relations between Russia and the United States can not be called bad, but the existing level of trust still does not allow sharing technologies of this level. In addition, the supply of ready-made engines under current conditions for our country is more profitable than the sale of a license. The production of RD-180 engines is one of the main income items of NPO Energomash and the termination of such works will seriously affect the enterprise.

A few days ago, information appeared in the domestic media about the possible resumption of deliveries of another rocket engine. According to Izvestia, citing a source in the Russian space industry, in mid-February, the Russian Security Council allowed the United States to continue supplying NK-33 engines. According to the source "Izvestia", the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the military department opposed the resumption of the supply of NK-33. At the same time, Deputy Prime Minister D. Rogozin spoke in favor of continuing such cooperation, which should lead to the resumption of production of engines of this model.

The NK-33 engine was designed for use on the "lunar" launch vehicle H-1. The closure of the project of the rocket led to the fact that several dozen such engines remained in the warehouses. 37 NK-33 engines were sold a few years ago to Aerojet, which refined them for use on new American launch vehicles. As part of the modernization project called AJ-26, Russian engines dismantle some of the equipment and install new components, including the cardan thrust vector control system.

Two AJ-26 / NK-33 engines are used in the first stage of the new Antares launch vehicles. 21 April 2013, the first launch of this rocket took place, during which four small spacecraft and one weight simulator of the promising cargo spacecraft Cygnus were put into orbit. To date, there have been three launches of the Antares family of missiles. All three starts ended with the successful removal of the load on the orbit. The next launch is scheduled for early May this year.

According to Izvestia, the resumption of production of NK-33 engines will help not only the American, but also the domestic space industry. Engines of this type can be used on Soyuz-2.1в launch vehicles. At the same time, however, Roskosmos is ready to purchase only a few NK-33 engines, which are supposed to be installed on new missiles. At the same time, the American company Orbital Sciences Corporation, which created the Antares rocket, guarantees the purchase of a batch of 20 engines.

The current cooperation between Russia and the United States in the field of engines for launch vehicles is mutually beneficial, although not without some specific problems. The American space industry receives relatively cheap engines with high performance, and Russian enterprises earn money for the supply of similar products. This allows domestic factories to have a stable portfolio of orders, and for American organizations to launch regular rocket launches with spacecraft and earn money on it.

On the other hand, relations between the US and Russia have their own specifics, because of which existing contracts can be terminated at any time. The reason for this, for example, can be the launches of US military satellites that can be used against Russia. Thus, ambiguous views of some politicians stand in the way of scientists and designers, which does not contribute to the strengthening of mutual relations and cooperation between the two countries.

The pros and cons of the current situation have led to the fact that the United States is now forced to consider the issue of purchasing a license to manufacture RD-180 rocket engines. The verification of the state of the industry and the economic aspects of such a deal will begin in the next few weeks. In the meantime, the countries intend to work in accordance with the existing agreements.


On the materials of the sites:
http://spacenews.com/
http://izvestia.ru/
http://i-mash.ru/
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
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28 comments
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  1. Shurale
    Shurale 25 February 2014 08: 33
    +17
    In my opinion, Russian-American cooperation with us comes down to one thing - our developments are going to America, either for scanty loot or for nothing. America has not been selling us any secrets for a long time, and whoever catches this business is simply planting. We are alone damn altruists so far, or morons - who as they think.
    1. sancho
      sancho 25 February 2014 11: 51
      +8
      In fact, if this happens, it will be comparable to treason!

      And, the government that allowed this, will directly put arms into our hands, as they like to call them "potential partners." The logic of our leadership is not clear at all? Whom does it serve?

      How long will our leadership slowly threaten NATO’s plans at our borders?
      How long will our leadership endure the attacks of our close neighbors and watch how our compatriots are spread rot in the former republics?
      How long will our leadership look at what is happening in Ukraine? Let's wait until the historical Crimea exp .. m?
      Nothing is clear at all!
    2. sancho
      sancho 25 February 2014 11: 51
      +2
      In fact, if this happens, it will be comparable to treason!

      And, the government that allowed this, will directly put arms into our hands, as they like to call them "potential partners." The logic of our leadership is not clear at all? Whom does it serve?

      How long will our leadership slowly threaten NATO’s plans at our borders?
      How long will our leadership endure the attacks of our close neighbors and watch how our compatriots are spread rot in the former republics?
      How long will our leadership look at what is happening in Ukraine? Let's wait until the historical Crimea exp .. m?
      Nothing is clear at all!
    3. chunga-changa
      chunga-changa 25 February 2014 13: 24
      -1
      97th year, even 3 years ago, half a year, no salaries were paid at all. And here the enterprise receives a stable contract for 20 years and for 1 billion while maintaining unique production and personnel. This is certainly bad, secrets are more expensive. Let the plant collapse, and people will somehow find themselves as sellers in the markets, or they will leave for China, not small ones. Now we are outraged as daedil altruists for 1 billion sell high-tech products for free. To be indignant - "the defense industry has been destroyed" and "instead of selling high-tech products we are sitting on a pipe and trading crude oil" we will next time.
      1. Uhe
        Uhe 25 February 2014 18: 43
        +3
        Your logic is akin to selling a wife to her husband: why sit at home with my wife without money if you can go and sell her body? This is the logic of a parasite slacker. But a normal husband should plow himself and provide for his family, and not parasitize. In this case, the so-called the state is parasitic, exposing its citizens to trade in their bodies on the panel instead of taking care of them themselves.

        This is called capitalism - one tip, and the other - a donut hole. And you take this hole for good.
        1. Power
          Power 25 February 2014 21: 53
          +2
          Morality, our state is a bunch of parasites stuck to the public domain.
      2. avdkrd
        avdkrd 25 February 2014 22: 00
        +3
        You can sell products, but the essence of the article is licensed production, and this is a transfer of technology that the Americans could not copy.
    4. Papakiko
      Papakiko 25 February 2014 16: 28
      +1
      Quote: Shurale
      we damn altruists

      So it will be more true about the main part of the population.
      And the remaining 3% do business. One worth the uranium deal.
      Sell ​​them blueprints, pig-iron ingots and files with natfel in unlimited quantities and let them saw-grind license RD-180. drinks
    5. Horde
      Horde 25 February 2014 16: 41
      +1
      the United States is considering buying a license to manufacture RD-180 rocket engines.

      not not no, just an exchange for f1, generally rd180 is the LAST that remains of the HIGH-TECH in this country, su35 decided to sell china, just the Kremlin STUPIDITY OF THE HIGHEST TEST ...
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 25 February 2014 23: 26
        +1
        Quote: Horde
        generally rd180 is the LAST that remains of the HIGH-TECH in this country

        Quiet, quiet, quiet ... Not in THIS COUNTRY, but in Russia, if only ... And not the last ... It is enough to give an example with 9M83 ... What other missiles can withstand the same overloads? They say that it’s Toko our.
        1. studentmati
          studentmati 25 February 2014 23: 45
          +1
          Quote: retired
          Quiet, quiet, quiet ... Not in THIS COUNTRY, but in Russia, if only ... And not the last ..


          This is aptly noticed! good Good evening, Yura!
          1. pensioner
            pensioner 26 February 2014 00: 22
            +1
            Hello Sasha! Surely the last time you left a little early ... Just like me right now ...
            1. studentmati
              studentmati 26 February 2014 00: 23
              0
              Quote: retired
              Hello Sasha! Surely the last time you left a little early ... Just like me right now ...


              I'm here, yur! drinks And the planes are normal! good and you hold on!
              1. pensioner
                pensioner 26 February 2014 00: 41
                +1
                Not so much ... Right now ... and little things ...
                1. studentmati
                  studentmati 26 February 2014 00: 43
                  0
                  Quote: retired
                  Not so much ... Right now ... and little things ...


                  Right now, right now! I support! drinks Baenka, then Baenka! Rest and come back, Yur!
                  1. pensioner
                    pensioner 26 February 2014 00: 45
                    0
                    Good night, Sasha! No strength already ...
    6. Power
      Power 25 February 2014 22: 03
      +1
      not morons - enemies of the people, double agents, fifth column, traitors, cosmopolitans, Zionists, and just greedy fools. The only thing these fellow entrepreneurs can do is sell someone else's.
  2. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 25 February 2014 08: 35
    +7
    They are in every way mischievous to us, like the Jackson-Venik amendment, and we give them the engine, bravo .....
    1. AVV
      AVV 25 February 2014 11: 11
      +3
      Quote: Volodya Sibiryak
      They are in every way mischievous to us, like the Jackson-Venik amendment, and we give them the engine, bravo .....

      It’s stupid to sell technologies that will then be used against us !!! Sell finished products that you can always stop selling when the level of trust is below the plinth, and due to the latest events in Ukraine, everything is moving towards this !!!
  3. Yun Klob
    Yun Klob 25 February 2014 09: 12
    +2
    They did not manage to create high-strength steel for nozzles, now they will stupidly buy for green paper. Chubais rules.
    1. Uhe
      Uhe 25 February 2014 18: 45
      +1
      How could you not create? And then who flew to the moon? :))) And after all, there are no technologies left, that's what's funny. And the USSR did not fly, but everything remained - the current thief now "has the honor" to sell to his best friends, the owners of Chubais.
      1. sssla
        sssla 25 February 2014 20: 47
        +1
        Quote: Uhe
        How could not create? And then who flew to the moon

        A sho on the moon someone flew okromya Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic ????? My mother is a woman. When and who ??? 8-(
        1. Realist58
          Realist58 25 February 2014 23: 05
          +1
          That sho ... all the same Hollywood flew. They were shooting the Space Odyssey in kind from Jupiter. You didn’t know? )))
          1. sssla
            sssla 25 February 2014 23: 19
            +3
            Quote: Realist58
            Jupiter was shot in kind. You didn’t know?

            Mom’s tit in I stump rotten Taki yes you caught me in shock 8-)
  4. ReifA
    ReifA 25 February 2014 10: 58
    +1
    These are technologies of a strategic level and it is silly to share them with the main potential adversary. But money can cover any stupidity, unfortunately.
    1. Uhe
      Uhe 25 February 2014 18: 47
      +1
      Cover in the minds of thieves, whom they sell such things are. But in the minds of citizens, of course, they cannot. Russia, if desired, can in a few years almost completely abandon imports, and purchase the rest from relatively peaceful powers - from China itself, for example. But the authorities do not want to, because all their money is stored in the West. And where their money is, there they have their homeland.
      1. Power
        Power 26 February 2014 05: 15
        +1
        Yanukovych got lost on the way to his new homeland, I'm afraid the same thing awaits them.
  5. xtur
    xtur 25 February 2014 14: 03
    0
    let countries exchange licenses - RD-180 will be exchanged for F-1 license
    1. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 26 February 2014 21: 24
      0
      I mean, for the only remaining plywood layout in the museum, or is there some other F-1 engine?
      Quote: xtur
      license exchange

      The F-1 rocket engine was actually a scaled version of the H-1, both of which were manufactured by the same Rocketdyne company.

      Combustion chamber - high-speed, diameter 1 meter, consisting of thin-walled tubes made of nickel alloy Inconel X-750 (instead of stainless steel 347 stainless steel from H-1), selected according to American sources 30, because of the best ratio of strength to weight, which allowed (again according to American sources 31 32) to make the tubes thinner and solve the problem of cooling.

      Inconel X-750. In modern rocket engines is not used. For all the time, its only application in this area was the F-1 cooling jacket (the tubes of the H-1 and J-2 cooling jackets were made of stainless steel).

      Read more:
      Google
      where is the American F-1 engine
      4 Link
      PDF
      F-1 performance analysis based on analysis
      heat transfer and durability of the tubular cooling jacket
      Gennady Ivchenkov, Ph.D.
  6. Prapor-527
    Prapor-527 25 February 2014 15: 12
    +2
    Fuck you, not the engines. RD-180 engine of an intercontinental rocket. From here further conclusions ...
    1. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 26 February 2014 22: 51
      0
      Quote: Prapor-527
      Fuck you, not the engines. RD-180

      It has long been sold.

      odnako.org/blogs/show_22902/
      The flight of the Soviet super-power rocket "Energy" was also not in vain. For the Americans. Its RD-180 engine, manufactured at Energomash located near Moscow, is now raising their Atlases into space. The ones that delivered the Mars rovers to Mars.
      RD-180 - cryogenic, also made "according to a closed scheme." So powerful that it is installed on the “Atlas” only one - instead of four produced by Lockheed.

      When launching this ICBM, an imposing Russian representative is present, whom I identify as Yu.N. Koptev, head of Rosaviakosmos. (He later received a lot of accusations of prematurely flooding the Soviet Mir space station - not without persistent recommendations from the American "partners").

      Russian specialist at the launch of an American military missile equipped with our engine?
      Film
      http://topwar.ru/37566-proton-m-zhdet-sereznaya-konkurenciya-s-amerikanskoy-rake
      toy-falcon-9.html # comment-id-1792637
      or
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LV1k1PlpE9k
  7. Power
    Power 25 February 2014 21: 08
    0
    And I was still wondering why Yanukovych drove so strangely. Craving for dough is not surmountable and even exceeds the feeling of self-preservation and common sense. The liberals hate Russia so much that they are ready to sell everything, even military technology, if only there were no Russians and their world. Unipolar world, bipolar. All this is nonsense. I will say more simply: A man stood on two legs, one was cut (the Soviet Union) for a long time he will stand? The civilization of swindlers is coming to an end. And our task is to disarm the madmen, not to arm.
  8. Dovmont
    Dovmont 25 February 2014 21: 26
    +2
    Sell, how to give a drink to sell !!!
  9. AlexA
    AlexA 25 February 2014 22: 36
    0
    Quote: Yoon Klob
    They did not manage to create high-strength steel for nozzles, now they will stupidly buy for green paper

    "You're talking offensively!"
    The RD-180 engine has high specific parameters, which the Americans have not been able to reproduce. And you say "steel could not be created." And what about the engine chamber (more precisely - the outer wall)? From the same high-strength steel. And the inner wall is not steel at all. And from bronze. And for the nozzle, high-strength steel is not needed at all. There, the plastic heat-conducting Ya-1t has been working perfectly for 50 years. Or titanium.
    It seems you are just not up to date. So in vain VIAM reproach. They have everything exactly. It was.
    Americans traditionally make their engines at lower pressures. That's why they had difficulties with reproduction. And transferring technology to them is, indeed, a betrayal.
  10. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 26 February 2014 01: 41
    +1
    No sales licenses - toughen up sales contracts - either for scientific launches or "from the screw!"
    They even prohibit the sale of dual-use computer chips, which is why contracts break down and firms "burn", and we give them licenses for universal motors ?!
    Sale of the Motherland wholesale and retail! Wholesale cheaper !!! am
  11. Kir
    Kir 26 February 2014 04: 54
    0
    I can agree with many to some extent, but just why there are so many disadvantages to the article, well, this is one thing, and they will buy another license, by the way, it also says that not everything was stolen from us on the one hand, but on the other it means they themselves cannot, and not the fact that having bought a license they will be able to "sculpt" at the proper level. Then, do they have analogues of our materials, or else ......., you can screw the krantik onto the edge and they will sit like cute in a known place, albeit with documentation.
    In what quality is the conclusion, but why are you not hearing the ardent champions of the ........ society on Planet Earth, say nothing, have they not yet cooked up a sweeping material?