Military Review

Construction of the Voronezh radar will be completed at the end of the decade

February 14 held a regular meeting of the Board of the Ministry of Defense. During the event, the heads of the military department discussed several topical issues and current projects. Among other topics, the Collegium discussed the program for the construction of a missile attack warning radar station (SPRN). According to the Minister of Defense S. Shoigu, the construction of new Voronezh radar systems will be completed by 2020, which will allow the creation of a network of detection facilities around the country.

Construction of the Voronezh radar will be completed at the end of the decade

The construction and commissioning of the new Voronezh radar stations will significantly increase the potential of the missile attack warning system. The Minister of Defense noted that the new radars are capable of effectively solving the tasks assigned to them, including taking into account the existing threats. Radar stations of new types are created according to the technology of high factory readiness, thanks to which in a relatively short time it was possible to build and put into operation several similar objects. S. Shoigu noted that several Voronezh radars are already being used by aerospace defense forces, and another station of this type is currently being built in the east of the country. All construction and installation work is going according to plans.

According to official data, the radar of the anti-personnel missile systems of the Voronezh family are built in accordance with the concept of high factory readiness. This means that the manufacturer assembles several modules with different equipment, of which a ready-made radar is mounted on the construction site. This technology allows you to significantly reduce the time required for the construction of the radar. The construction of the stations of old models took up to 5-10 years, and the installation of the Voronezh radar takes about one and a half to two years. In addition, the stations of the new family are less demanding on the preparation of the construction site than similar systems of old models.

The construction of the Voronezh-M head-on radar station started in 2005, near the village of Lekhtusi in the Leningrad region. In the spring of 2007, the first launch of the equipment took place, after about two years the station was put on experimental combat duty, and since February it has been operating normally on 2012. From 2006 to 2008, the construction of the leading Voronezh-DM radar in Armavir continued. In the middle of 2013, the station took over combat duty. In 2014, it is planned to put on alert two new stations at once, in the Kaliningrad and Irkutsk regions.

Last year, construction began on four more radars of the Voronezh family. Complexes of the Voronezh-VP type are being built in Yeniseisk (Krasnoyarsk Territory), Barnaul (Altai Territory), Orsk (Orenburg Region) and Vorkuta (Komi Republic). Currently, the construction of these stations is at various stages. Operation of the complexes will start no earlier than 2015-16. In the foreseeable future, the construction of several more new radar stations will begin.

The Voronezh radar family consists of three types of systems, differing from each other in different characteristics. The structure of the Russian EWS includes:
- "Voronezh-M". Low-potential radar meter range, created by the Moscow Radio Engineering Institute. Academician A.L. Minz;
- Voronezh-DM. Mid-potential station decimeter range. The system was developed by the Moscow organization NPK NIIDAR (formerly the Research Institute of Long-Range Radio);
- Voronezh-VP. High Potential Radar, created by the Radiotechnical Institute. A.L. Mintsa

According to reports, the radar "Voronezh-M" have a range of up to 4200 kilometers. In the case of two other systems of the family, this indicator reaches 6000 km. Ten (according to other data, eleven) radar stations of the Voronezh family will be able to monitor the air and space space in the western and southern direction, replacing the existing stations of the old types. Thus, the new radar designed to solve two problems. They must update the missile attack warning system, as well as maintain and improve its capabilities.

S. Shoigu claims that the creation of the ground-level EWS based on Voronezh stations will be completed by 2020. The commander of the aerospace defense forces (WKO), Major General A. Golovko holds a different point of view. In his opinion, all ground-based missile attack warning systems will be created by 2018. At present, the structure of the armed forces of the aerospace defense is developing in three directions: the EWS is being updated, the systems for the suppression of enemy aerospace attack equipment are being modernized, and a single information and control space for the aerospace defense is being created.

The result of ongoing work should be the creation of a modern network of radar stations of the missile attack warning system capable of tracking air and space in Europe and Asia. Until the end of this decade, it is planned to build and put on duty at least ten radars of the Voronezh family.

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  1. invisibility
    invisibility 21 February 2014 08: 32
    Major-General A. Golovko, Commander of the Aerospace Defense Forces (EKR), holds a different point of view. In his opinion, all ground-based missile warning systems will be created by 2018

    I like this view more! And if you confer and a strong-willed decision to 2016, weak?
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Brother
    Brother 21 February 2014 09: 03
    Great news!
    Give Voronezh around the perimeter of the country, Voronezh in Siberia sounds cool! And Voronezh in Ukraine, Cuba and PoPolesand. We sit high - look farand we will to sit far - look farsoldier.
    1. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 21 February 2014 10: 14
      Really great! Siberia and the Urals are sewn and the sword of our country! drinks
      1. Brother
        Brother 21 February 2014 10: 58
        Absolutely! drinks
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. Hey
    Hey 21 February 2014 09: 41
    Who knows what's with the Gabala radar now?
    1. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 21 February 2014 10: 28
      Maybe even the equipment was taken out! And to blow, that no one would be missing! Since Azerbaijan decided to dig into Russia to the advantage of security.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. 222222
      222222 21 February 2014 11: 23
      handed over to Azerbaijan .. the Armavir showed its capabilities when it discovered a missile launched from an aircraft in the Mediterranean ..
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 21 February 2014 23: 24
        Quote: 222222
        Armavir showed its capabilities when it discovered a missile launched from an aircraft in the Mediterranean ..

        3.09.2014 Russian President Vladimir Putin reported on the launch of two ballistic missiles from the Mediterranean. The flight path is directed to the eastern part of the Mediterranean coast. Missile launch was discovered by the Russian missile attack warning system in Armavir in 10: 16 Moscow time. Missiles fell into the sea.
        The representative of the Ministry of Defense of Israel said that ballistic missile launch in the Mediterranean was carried out in the course of joint exercises with the United States to practice the actions of the Israeli missile defense system "Hetz-2". The first target missile "Yakor" for practicing the actions of the missile defense system "Hets-2", also known as "Arrow-2", was launched at 09:15 local time (10:15 Moscow time). Http://www.http: // www.

        Quote: MUD
        Who knows what's with the Gabala radar now?

        The Armavir radio-technical center, which detected the launches, was commissioned quite recently (the Voronezh-DM radar station located near Armavir took up combat duty on February 27, 2009). He fully compensated for the loss of the Gabala radar station, the lease of which could not be negotiated - the Azerbaijanis demanded $ 300 million a year. The new Voronezh-DM radar is capable of simultaneously tracking 500 objects at a distance of 6000 kilometers, including in near space.
  5. piokor03
    piokor03 21 February 2014 11: 17
    Who will tell you how Darch Pechora is there? Works?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 21 February 2014 23: 48
      Quote: piokor03
      Who will tell you how Darch Pechora is there? Works?

      Due to the high cost of the project and the enormous capacity that had to be thrown into the creation of such a strategic facility, the complete embodiment of the Daryal radar never saw the light of day. Today, there is still the head station "Daryal" built in the Komi Republic (Pechora), the construction of which was completed in 1983, and commissioning took place in 1984, a radar station in Azerbaijan (the city of Gabalin), several radar stations of modifications "Daryal-U" and "Daryal-UM". In total, the construction of 7 Daryal-type radars was started. Some of the facilities were never completed.
      Daryal SPRN in Pechora - is currently operating, but is not part of the Russian SPRN.
  6. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 21 February 2014 11: 53
    I wonder what the intensity of the electromagnetic field at the output of the antenna is, enough to fry the bird in flight :)

    Although I did not observe anything near such structures, apparently - not bad.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 22 February 2014 00: 00
      Quote: ivanovbg
      I wonder what the intensity of the electromagnetic field at the output of the antenna is, enough to fry the bird in flight :)

      Somewhere there, but no desire to climb after the "congratulations" of colleagues ... drinks Well, estimate it if the reflected signal returns to the receiver from the CC at a distance of 6000 km. And the second, electronic beam focusing (radiation pattern control) and a pulsed mode of sending EMR. Does this remind you of anything? I don’t know about Daryal, I won’t lie, and what the new ones are capable of, even the OBS does not recommend spreading. And she is a smart woman, she knows what to advise. yes IMHO.
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 22 February 2014 09: 15
        Sofrino has a station. There are many settlements around. Mutants do not seem to be observed and people do not die like flies. Or does the facility work differently in Sofrino? Interestingly, just a summer house there.
        1. ivanovbg
          ivanovbg 22 February 2014 13: 10
          The ray does not "spread" along the ground, but goes beyond the horizon (the radio horizon is about a third further from the geographical horizon) at some angle. If this angle is 5 °, then the beam will travel 87 meters above the ground per kilometer from the source (antenna). I do not know your Sofrino, but 87 m is not less than 30 floors, if we assume that the station and Sofrino are at the same height above sea level.

          And the field intensity decreases in proportion to the square of the distance. If the station "sees" objects for 6 thousand km, which is 6 million meters in the SI system, the intensity at the antenna output should be 3,6x10 (13) step more. In short - if you want to be a father, wrap the end with lead, because near the antenna itself wassat
          1. fzr1000
            fzr1000 22 February 2014 17: 12
            We have "DON-2N" there.
            The Don-2N radar (chief designer V.K. Sloka) was developed at the A. L. Mintz Radio Engineering Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. During the construction of the station, which began in 1978, more than 30 thousand tons of metal, 50 thousand tons of concrete, 20 thousand km of cable, hundreds of kilometers of pipes and more than 10000 cast-iron valves for them were used. After the installation, installation and commissioning of equipment (1980-1987) in 1989, the station was put into service, and in 1996 it was put on combat duty.

            Don-2N (according to the NATO codification “Pill Box”) is a stationary multifunctional centimeter-range circular radar with a phased antenna array, created as part of the missile defense system of Moscow.

            Appointment: Control of outer space of Russia and the Commonwealth countries from attacks of ballistic missiles, at an altitude of up to 40 m, tracking up to 000 targets.
            In general, at that time, the DON 2 radar was unique. Whoever worked knows. This is the only station that is capable of distinguishing objects at a distance of hundreds of kilometers, 6 cm in size. Somewhere in the early 90s, joint missile defense exercises of Russia and America took place. Metal balls were fired from the Shuttle into Space and the Don "saw" them. Nobody else could. The Americans were simply stunned by the results.soldier
  7. denkastro
    denkastro 21 February 2014 20: 40
    It’s not clear why some deer gave you all the minuses. I corrected it.) News, not news, but a positive trend, however.
    1. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg 22 February 2014 13: 17
      At first I thought that I had made an unfortunate joke about roasting birds in flight, I thought who was such a subtle offensive. Then he realized that some "nerd" yesterday got up with the wrong hoof lol
  8. Zomanus
    Zomanus 22 February 2014 06: 29
    Good news. To put these stations in the north and we have a couple of them in the Far East. It is better not to go into neighboring states. For the regime will change and our stations. Or you will have to pay dearly. In addition to Voronezh and Liana, they would increase to a sufficient level. I hope that these stations are adequately protected by the air defense / missile defense / anti-missile defense forces
  9. cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 22 February 2014 12: 20
    The construction of stations must be continued. am
  10. tundra
    tundra 23 February 2014 01: 42
    Here I am not an expert, if that is correct. I think if they deploy such stations, invest money, then they’re thinking about something. And that is sites, you want to read and spit. Well, everything needs to be crap, everything is bad. Planes arrive, neigh (like grenades of the wrong system). Everything is expensive, priorities should be. Well, I think after the stool, adequate people solve problems. And yet, I always write to my former colleagues, guys I have a reference point for our misfortune 91 year, no rested against the 2000th. Podika after the 90s, collect something. And about the priorities laughing and fix laughing the main thing is to see where it will fly from.
  11. tundra
    tundra 23 February 2014 01: 51
    Ugh on me again. What am I talking about, if there is not enough money, right away for both eyesight and fist, then first you need to invest money in your eyesight without forgetting about fists. Or am I wrong? If right, it pleases me, this article and what is being done. HAPPY TO US EVERYONE .. HURRY !!!!