In the evening of February 19, following the talks between the leaders of the Ukrainian opposition and Viktor Yanukovych, a truce was announced. “As a result of the meeting, the parties announced: 1. Truce 2. The beginning of the negotiation process in order to stop the bloodshed, stabilize the situation in the state, for the sake of civilian world, ”the presidential press service said.
Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite is convinced that Ukraine has approached the line of civil war. “Ukraine is on the verge of civil war, and no international community and the public will be able to support such actions. The fact that this power continues to compromise itself is completely obvious, ”Viktor Vasilyev quotes her words ("Voice of America").
And the president of the Foundation for Effective Politics, Gleb Pavlovsky, believes that the threshold of civil war has already been crossed. “It is not known whether the war will flare up further,” said Pavlovsky. - Night fight in Kiev is an act of civil war. And the seizures (of administrative buildings, military barracks) that are now taking place in the western regions of Ukraine are also acts of civil war. Because the radicals who are involved in this have a gunshot weaponthat is already clear. " Neither the government nor the opposition leaders control the situation in the country. “Three months of confrontation in Kiev, which everyone watched, showed that scenarios can change quickly. But the fact remains the inability of Ukraine’s political elites to resolve the conflict, ”the President of the Effective Policy Foundation summarized.
Professor Victor Kuvaldin, head of the social sciences department at the Moscow School of Economics at Moscow State University, is not sure that the threshold has been crossed, but at the same time speaks of a “mini-civil war”: “In my opinion, a feeling that I hope is not deceiving, Ukraine has not crossed the threshold of civil war. What is happening in the center of Kiev is a mini-civil war. ”
In the meantime, the Ukrainian people, obviously not wanting to allow the transition of a “mini-war” into total slaughter, are taking the same measures that Yanukovych should have taken much earlier. When the government shamefully demonstrates its inefficiency, the people begin to show themselves. There are those regional leaders who, no doubt, will follow people at a difficult time.
Kharkiv Mayor Gennady Kernes promised to liquidate the local “euromaidan” in an hour, if the activists “allow themselves at least one attempt to perform as it was in Kiev”. As the correspondent reported "Kharkov. Comments, comrade Kernes stated this in the program “Vittel. Observer "on the Russian TV channel" RBC ".
“If someone in Kharkov has a desire to seize administrative buildings, let them get these thoughts out of their heads, because the answer will be harsh. We are ready for any, including sudden capture attempts, ”the mayor noted.
Kernes warned: “Kharkov lives and works. But if our Kharkiv Maidan, which consists of a 250 man, allows himself at least one attempt to perform as it did in Kiev, then I, as a Kharkiv mayor, take responsibility and declare that this Maidan will be eliminated within one hour. ”
This is not a propaganda statement. The fact is that on the eve of February, 18, at the traditional Euromaidan rally, held each evening near the Shevchenko monument in Kharkov, an action commemorating those who died in Kiev was announced and mobilized to Kiev. Writes "Ukrainian Truth"Father Victor Marinchak, rector of the Church of St. John the Divine, served a requiem, and the rally participants lit candles in memory of the victims. People stood with posters "All to Kiev" and "Mobilization to Kiev 478 km."
“We organize the dispatch of people - these are not only men, but also medical women. Everyone who can support evromaydanovtsev in defending freedom. We help money, things, medicines as much as possible, ”said one of the activists of the Kharkiv“ euromaidan ”, Vladimir Chistilin.
In addition, as reported by Alexander Revunov and Alexei Petrov ("Vesti"), there were several provocations in Kharkov: the headquarters of the Svoboda association burned out, there was a clash between cadets of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Kharkiv supporters of euromaidan, who tried to prevent the cadets from leaving for Kiev. In addition, the unknown tried to set fire to the offices of the Party of Regions in the district centers.
Today, on the streets of Kharkov - not only the police, but also the people's guards. Their activists are talking with young people, and in which case they are ready to take decisive action. The position of local authorities is unambiguous. “It is only by force to force all these violent extremists to disarm, then conduct a detailed debriefing. I believe that everyone who participated in organizing the seizure of state institutions, who called to burn the police, who seized military warehouses, thank God, there are enough videos, they should be brought to criminal responsibility, to the fullest extent of the law, ”says the Kharkiv Regional Administration Chairman Mikhail Dobkin.
In Crimea, they believe that "it is urgently necessary to put out the fire." On the central square of Simferopol, correspondents of "Vesti" note, citizens gathered, including activists of the Public movement "Stop-Maidan".
In the Crimea mobilized more than 15 thousands of warriors.
“This is not the time to make a complaint, to ask why it was. Now is the time to act. Fire in the house, you need to immediately extinguish the fire. Our task is to provide the central government with maximum support, ”said Vladimir Konstantinov, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea.
“The reaction of the authorities of Crimea is the same as the reaction of the authorities of Ukraine. The point is that the events that took place in Kiev, all of them are subject to condemnation and are subject to an adequate reaction of the authorities, what is happening in Kiev now, ”said the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Crimea Anatoly Mogilyov.
On the website of the public organization “Russian community of Sevastopol” 19 February was published letter for the outgoing number 25 / 1, addressed to the President of Russia, the Minister of Defense of Russia and the Chairman of the Defense Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
The document requested "to protect the Russian population of Sevastopol and the Crimea." February 18 Day in the text is called the "point of no return" and "the beginning of the civil war." The guides of this war are the “biased and paid for by the Euro-American masters of a group of specially trained mercenaries” whose goal is to “destroy the Russian world.”
As for the authorities of the country, according to the authors of the document, it "demonstrated a complete unwillingness and inability to protect not only the population, but also itself." The letter says that the NATO units will soon "be able to step on" the territory of NATO - just as it happened in Yugoslavia at the time.
“On behalf of the residents of the hero-city of Sevastopol, we appeal to Russia with a request to intervene in the situation and come to the defense of the Russian population of Crimea,” says a letter signed by the head of the “Russian community”, TA Yermakova.
Crimean история develops by leaps and bounds.
Deputy Supreme Council of Autonomy Nikolai Kolesnichenko from the Party of Regions on the same day 19 February (by the way, this is the sixtieth anniversary of the transfer of the Ukrainian SSR to the Khrushchev Peninsula), said that if the situation does not normalize, Crimeans are ready to reanimate the issue of returning Crimea to Russia.
The deputies supported the colleague with applause and shouts from the field: “Yes, that's right!”, Recalls Vasily Vankov ("Free press").
Political analyst Sergei Mikheyev, whose opinion is cited in the material by V. Vankov, does not exclude that events may develop according to the scenario that was voiced by the Crimean parliamentarian. Mikheyev believes that the activity of the Supreme Council of Autonomy can be stimulated by Kiev. The reasons for “stimulation” are:
“First of all, in order to intimidate the opposition and Western partners: if they do not cease to put pressure on the central government, this could result in the collapse of the country. On the other hand, it is an objective reality. If radical nationalists come to power in the capital and force the inhabitants of the southeast to “pray for Bandera,” Crimeans can turn to Russia for protection. Although so far there is no point in talking about the idea of joining the Crimea to the Russian Federation. In contrast to the almost inevitable federalization of Ukraine. It is clear that with the current unitary structure, neither internal nor external problems of Ukraine are solved. As a state project, it demonstrates complete incapacity. ”
The question of the territorial identity of the Crimea may arise from the beginning of the civil war:
“This can happen if a real civil war begins. Russia hardly recognizes the legitimacy of the force that overthrows the legitimate regime. Instead, Moscow may rely on building relations with the legal authorities in the regions. Including in the Crimea. Such a development is unlikely, of course, but it is still possible. ”
A political analyst answered the question of whether the Russian authorities are ready to fight for the Crimea:
“Events are developing very dynamically. Now the situation in Ukraine is entering a different phase. For residents of the Crimea and other regions of the country, it will soon be about physical survival. They may simply have no other choice. Russia is ready for it or not, that is another question. Moscow can be put before the fact. In the case of the triumph of the "Lviv march to the east," the Russian-speaking population will be threatened with extermination. “Zapadentsy” arrogated to themselves the right to break their compatriots through the knee, imposing their ideology and way of life. Under conditions of complete impunity, even blood does not stop them. ”
According to the information portal "Events of the Crimea", The Main Directorate of the Security Service of Ukraine in Crimea, in connection with the events in Kiev, has been transferred to an enhanced mode of operation. This was announced at a meeting of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea by the Head of the Crimean Central Board of the SBU Gennady Kalachev.
The head of the Crimean central board of the SBU also appealed to the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea with a request to refrain from harsh statements: “First of all, we believe that the most difficult situation that could adversely affect the situation in Crimea is attempts to incite ethnic and religious hatred. Taking into account the peculiarities of the Crimea, I believe that we should refrain from any harsh statements in this plane. ”
We will remind, earlier the SBU opened criminal proceedings on the case of preparation for an encroachment on the territorial integrity of Ukraine. The reason for the case was the statement of the deputy from the "Fatherland" Ivan Stoyko. The investigation began due to the fact that the Presidium of the Parliament of the ARC raised the question of preparing documents on the creation of a working group on amending the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, conducting a Crimean-wide survey on the status of Crimea and on a possible appeal to Russia. February 19 in the Ukrainian media reported that this case is closed. About this at the session of the Crimean Parliament said deputy “regional” Vladimir Klychnikov: “I’m asking for the SBU to make a question, literally quoting, I think they hear me about the creation of a working group to amend and supplement the Constitution of the ARC and the Constitution of Ukraine to conduct an all-Crimean public opinion poll Crimea, as well as the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens. And what is such a criminal found in my words? This is truly from the category in the elder garden, and in Kiev - uncle. Now they say that the case is already closed. "
In conclusion, the review should be noted that the Ukrainian oligarchs began to shake from the realization of the “threshold” of the civil war.
February 19 "Ukrainian Truth" led by Dmitry Firtash, who spoke in support of a peaceful resolution of the conflict. The text of the appeal of Firtash addressed to the leadership of the country was distributed by the Federation of Employers headed by a businessman.
“Ukraine has come close to civil war in the last 24 hours,” Firtash believes. “The Federation of Employers and I personally support exclusively a peaceful solution to the political crisis. The use of force by any of the parties is unacceptable, ”he noted. And here is the main message: “Ukraine is a young, but strong and united state. Ukrainian business opposes any actions that may lead to the division of Ukraine. We are for a strong country, for its economic and social development, for the growth of citizens' welfare. All this is possible only in peacetime. ”
Similar statements, which also traced anxiety for "increased welfare," were made by other oligarchs.
Rinat Akhmetov convincedthat "there are no such circumstances that justify the use of force against the civilian population." This is stated in a popular statement by the press secretary Akhmetov.
Akhmetov also calls for “stopping the bloodshed on the streets of Kiev, for all opposing forces to urgently return to the negotiation process and not for a minute stop working until a solution is found for Ukraine’s withdrawal from a deep political crisis.”
Expressed through the press service and businessman Victor Pinchuk. His words are given by Tatyana Fedorkova ("Mediaport").
Resolution of the conflict between the government and the protesters should be achieved by peaceful means, the statement says. “A peaceful solution must be found, it is necessary to refrain from the use of force, and to find a compromise,” said Pinchuk.
According to the businessman, it is time for a compromise. “For each of us,” noted Pinchuk, “love for Ukraine should be much more important than any other feelings and interests.”
It seems, however, that if some “feelings and interests” are driven by oligarchs, then this is “love” for money, which, when the country goes beyond the “threshold” of the civil war, will remain in their pockets and accounts are far from fully. It is important for the oligarch to keep their capital under any authority. And statements about the world are a neutral position that suits both ours and yours. That is why the treatment is surprisingly similar, as if one speechwriter wrote them.
Anyone who loves his country, does not declare publicly about love. This man, like Kernes, says that his city lives and works, and nothing will remain of the possible local “Maidan” “for one hour”.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru