Military Review

Large landing ship project 775

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The large landing ship of the ocean zone of the 775 project is designed for transportation and disembarkation on both equipped and unequipped coast with a small slope of the bottom of the landing force forces with military equipment. The ships were laid and built at the shipyard "Stocznia Polnocna" in Gdansk (Poland) in the period from 1974 to 1985 years. Total built 17 ships of this project.

BDK Project 775 - a multi-deck ship with a forecastle and a developed aft superstructure. In there tank hold. Its length is 95 m, width and height - 4,5 m each.

Having a normal displacement of 4080 tons, the ship can transport and land assault forces, including 190 people and 10 units of equipment (armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, tanks, cars, etc.). The personnel of the landing is located in several cabins and 4-local officer cabins. The nose landing gear includes a nasal gate and a descent gangway, which is lowered by a hydraulic drive.

Artillery armament includes a twin 57-mm AK-725 artillery gun with a MP-105 radar firing control system, a range of up to 16 km and 1000 rounds of ammunition. Rate of Fire - 100 shots per minute. Shells can be equipped with both contact and contactless fuses. Shooting can be conducted in automatic mode and in manual mode under the control of the operator.

The ship is equipped with a radar for detecting airborne targets of the MR-302 type, two navigation radars and advanced radio communications. There are also passive electronic warfare systems. The main power plant (GEM) consists of two diesel engines with power up to 10500 hp, working on two propellers. The power plant is located echelon in two side compartments. The sources of electricity are three diesel generator power up to 500 kW.

The cruising range of the ship at a speed of 18 knots with a normal fuel reserve is about 4000 miles. The autonomy of the ship (by provisions stocks) reaches 30 days. The crew has about 75 people.



Tactical and technical characteristics of a large landing ship project 775
Length, m - 112,5
Width, m - 15
Draft, m - 3,7
Crew, people - 75
Landing, people - 190
Loading capacity, tons - 480
Displacement, tons - 4080
Maximum speed, knots - 18
Range at maximum speed, miles - 4000
Autonomy, days - 30

Large landing ship Azov (photo)



Large landing ships of project 775 (Ropucha I according to NATO classification) - a series of Soviet BDKs. Designed for landing amphibious assault on the unequipped coast and the transfer of troops and cargo by sea. Able to transport various types of armored vehicles, including tanks. The ships of the series are the basis of the Russian landing fleet. The project 775 landing craft was to be replaced by a series of ships of the new project 778. After the collapse of the USSR, in 1992 both unfinished ships were cut into slipways.

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  1. PAC3
    PAC3 April 6 2013 10: 01 New
    +1
    In 2007, the BDK pr 755 "Caesar Kunnikov", while turning the mechanisms, shot across Sevastopol.)
  2. Andrew
    Andrew April 6 2013 10: 30 New
    +9
    What is all old. Everything is beautifully painted from far away, and in the vicinity you can see more than a dozen layers painted on rust.
    1. doktor_alex
      doktor_alex April 6 2013 11: 06 New
      +6
      This is not a pleasure yacht, there is no need to wax.
  3. Stas57
    Stas57 April 6 2013 10: 35 New
    +8
    Living in Baltiysk, he always looked with pride at the 775 project passing by the BDK, IMHO one of the best projects.
    There is "Kaliningrad" or "Korolev" - beautiful, powerful smokes into Syria, the Atlantic or the North Seas, and you know, they will cancel all weekends and layoffs from the enemy for the coming days, a trifle, but nice wink
    and the article is oily, and the photos are mediocre,
  4. avt
    avt April 6 2013 12: 10 New
    +5
    The main means of delivery of goods to Syria. goodOne thing is bad, in the near approximation there is no replacement for them. Poor Gren is still tortured and will not surrender, not to mention the series.
    1. Ruslan_F38
      Ruslan_F38 April 6 2013 16: 26 New
      +2
      That's it. On more often specialists would be delivered there and equipment. It’s interesting, do we have such vessels on conservation? I think they are vital.
  5. PAC3
    PAC3 April 6 2013 13: 02 New
    0
    And a few more interesting facts about pr755.
    Pr755 transferred to Yemen was converted into a cargo ship.
    Ukrainian pr755 "Kostyantin Olshansky" - one of the most popular in the Naval Forces of Ukraine, went to the United States and Libya (during the war).
  6. Ruslan_F38
    Ruslan_F38 April 6 2013 16: 25 New
    -1
    At least some benefit from the Poles was.
    1. Alan
      Alan April 6 2013 17: 55 New
      +4
      Yeah ... And now it’s not for us from them nor to them from us; We’ve lost such a customer, but we are sorry!
  7. rudolff
    rudolff April 6 2013 18: 02 New
    +7
    Not only from the Poles, but also from the Germans. Those built the IPC. Small anti-submarine. And Grena, as an amphibious assault, is most likely not to be used at all. Most likely, as weapons transport. From the idea of ​​building a pontoon bridge between the ship and the coastline for landing (as provided for Gren), probably even the UDC laughed with all their holds!
  8. Kavtorang
    Kavtorang April 7 2013 13: 03 New
    11
    Oh and bloopers heaped up in the article lol
    "Ocean Zone ..." - no comment. When we didn’t repeat the fate of the ferry "Estonia" at that time, the fate of the ferry "Estonia" a little bit, all the GKPs across the ocean zone rejoiced. laughing
    They were given the status of BDK in 1983, before that they were KFOR. I had the honor to go to all three Pacific Fleet more than once. What can I say: the project is not very bad if they are used according to the TTZ. For indoor marine pools - better and not necessary. Going to Kamchatka, a week on the roads and vice versa is already a search for habitat conditions and fresh water reserves. Problems with EC: the Poles made triple redundancy - remote control with GKP, a semiautomatic device with PEZH and manual emergency. Guess what remains of the job.
    The article is no plus or minus. Not enough data was taken. It was possible to take data, modifications and the fate of the ships from Apalkov, for example, and attach the photos used.
    Someone asked for conservation? Nope. all on nails.
    1. dmitreach
      dmitreach April 7 2013 18: 59 New
      0
      A total of 17 ships of this project were built.

      They then nearly three dozen riveted. but half cut into needles (((
  9. Kavtorang
    Kavtorang April 7 2013 15: 25 New
    +2
    Quote: Alan
    We’ve lost such a customer, but we are sorry!

    Yes, it’s very unfortunate that their projects for the Baltic have easily adapted to the World Cup. Now Indonesia is stubborn in high - it has all the corvettes (IPC 1331) fool
  10. Kavtorang
    Kavtorang April 7 2013 15: 29 New
    0
    Well, they didn’t give it, but they did it.
    If I remember correctly, these are 13 units of project 1331 (those same Germans). They call them "Brochim" type corvettes. Very good boats. They are in their own place and in the very place where they are needed.
  11. dmitreach
    dmitreach April 7 2013 19: 06 New
    0
    Ropucha (polsk.) Toad. They themselves are Toads! I do not like NADOVSKY chased.

    DCN engaged Stocznia Remontowa in Gdansk as a subcontractor for the construction and equipping of the central and rear sections for the French Mistral. Now, USC has moved them, distributing the order to the Baltic Plant.
  12. dmitreach
    dmitreach April 7 2013 19: 08 New
    0
    Ropucha (polsk.) Toad. They themselves are toads!

    DCN used Stocznia Remontowa in Gdansk as a subcontractor for the construction and equipping of the central and rear sections for the fr. Mistral. Now OSK, having moved logs, distributed the order to the Baltic plant.
  13. alekzhelv
    alekzhelv 11 June 2016 19: 52 New
    0
    Yes, if the chief executive officer found such rust on our Azov, and the copper did not sparkle with gold, the whole team would be like cancer. I served at the Azov shipyard in 1981-1984, cleanliness and order were brought to absolutism. After each exit and shooting, everything was painted, cleaned, rubbed