Military Review

Fighter ahead of time

36
For Russia, the issue of ensuring the strategic security of our state in the northern direction and protecting the interests of the country in the Arctic region is becoming increasingly topical. The struggle for the Arctic is geopolitical, since there really is something to protect there: according to the UN, oil reserves in the Arctic are 90 – 100 billion tons. This figure exceeds the resources of Russia and Saudi Arabia combined and explains why the Arctic becomes a zone of clash of interests of world powers in the context of climate change.


The Arctic is rich not only in deposits of energy resources: almost half of the world's fish products are harvested in the region. The development of merchant shipping along the Northern Sea Route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans also creates enormous economic prospects as ice melts. In the Arctic zone are the most important enterprises of the Russian defense industry, the base of the North fleet and military infrastructure facilities. In addition, the state border of our country passes through the Arctic Ocean for 20 thousand kilometers.

In 2008, the President of Russia approved the “Fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2020 of the year and further perspective”. Taking into account the country's course towards a permanent naval presence in the Arctic and the protection of its status as a leading Arctic power, President Vladimir Putin called for special attention to be paid to the deployment of military units and infrastructure in the Arctic.

At the same time, the state of Russia's aerospace defense is a matter of serious concern. Parliamentary hearings held by the State Duma Defense Committee together with the Communist Party faction in April and November 2013 on the state and problems of improving the combat capabilities of the Aerospace Defense Forces, as well as on the use of aviation complexes MiG-31 in the East Kazakhstan region showed the presence of serious problems in the direction of ensuring the national security of Russia.

The most important of them is the collapse of the aviation component of the aerospace defense system, which is based on supersonic long-range interceptor fighters MiG-31. Under various pretexts, these planes are hastily destroyed.

Best in all characteristics

An analysis of the open military programs of the leading countries of the world suggests that today there is no world in the next 10 – 15 years there will be no aviation complex comparable to this aircraft in speed, climb, practical ceiling and other flight performance, as well as effectiveness in a given interval of its combat use.

Fighter ahead of time


The MiG-31 is designed to intercept and destroy cruise missiles in the entire range of altitudes and speeds of flight accessible to aerodynamic aircraft (including cruise missiles performing low-altitude flight in the rounding mode of the terrain), low-flying satellites, stealth planes, and other air targets any types at extremely small, small, medium and high altitudes, day and night, in simple and complex meteorological conditions, when the enemy uses active and passive radar interference, as well as false thermal targets d.

It is a high-wing with a trapezoidal wing, two-tail fin and a full-circle stabilizer. To increase stability, it has two additional ventral keels. Due to the high heating of the aircraft skin when flying at supersonic speeds, the airframe design is made mainly of heat-resistant steels and titanium alloys (50 percent - stainless steel, 16 - titanium, 33 - aluminum and one percent - other construction materials).

The aircraft has a tricycle landing gear, the nose rack is equipped with two pneumatics, the main pillars have a two-wheeled trolley design. Sash niches main racks are used as brake flaps. To reduce the mileage of the aircraft when landing in the rear fuselage put the brake parachute container.

The radar "Zaslon" installed on the aircraft provides the ability to detect air targets at a distance of 200 kilometers, tracking a strategic bomber class target - 200 kilometers, a fighter class - 120 kilometers.

It is also possible to detect small targets against the background of the ground, which makes it possible to use a fighter to fight cruise missiles. This provides for simultaneous tracking of up to ten targets and simultaneous guidance of guided missiles at four targets.

For the hidden search and tracking of targets, a heat finder can also be used, the sensors of which are placed in a semi-submerged position under the nose of the fuselage and are pushed into the operating position in flight.

The aircraft is equipped with a modern complex of radio navigation equipment, a digital closed communication system and a data indication system on the windshield of the pilot's cabin. To intercept small-sized targets, it is armed with a built-in six-barreled cannon GSH-23-6 caliber 23 millimeter (ammunition - 260 ammo, rate of fire - 8000 rds / min). The gun is installed under the fuselage and in a non-combat position is covered with a sash-fairing.

The main armament consists of long-range guided air-to-air missiles. Usually, four missiles are suspended in a semi-submerged position under the fuselage and two on pylons under the wing consoles. These can be P-27, P-30, P-33, P-40Т, P-40D, P-60М missiles.

The power plant on the MiG-31 uses powerful high-efficiency dual-circuit turbojet engines D-30F6, which develop thrust at 15 500 afterburner kilograms. The supply of fuel in the internal fuel tanks is 16 350 liters, fuel tanks with a total capacity of 4000 liters can be suspended. The MiG-31B modification aircraft is equipped with an air refueling system.

The MiG-31 is capable of crossing the sound barrier in horizontal flight and in the climb mode, while most supersonic airplanes pass the speed M = 1 in a gentle dive. Moreover, the MiG-31 can reach supersonic at medium and high altitudes without switching on the boost. But this property is believed to have only fifth-generation fighter.

At low altitudes, a supersonic flight is comfortable for the MiG-31 pilot. The aircraft in this mode is quite stable and not prone to the bumpiness common to vehicles whose wing is optimized for subsonic air combat. For example, the same Su-27 (as well as MiG-29, F-15, F / A-18, Rafale, etc.) can fly only a few minutes at high transonic speeds near the ground.

Su-35 in terms of aerodynamics differs little from Su-27 and, therefore, by the climb rate at high speeds and the ability to pass the sound barrier is inferior to the MiG-31. You can put on a plane a perfect control system, equip long-range air-to-air missiles, but for a real interceptor this is not enough - the interceptor must have the ability to reach the line of attack in the shortest possible time. The T-50, like the Su-35C, is more focused on aerial combat than on interception.

All modern fighters (except fifth-generation airplanes) are not fully supersonic, since their flight time for supersonic is limited to 5 – 15 minutes due to all sorts of limitations on the airframe design. The duration of the flight of the MiG-31 supersonic limited only by the fuel supply.

History machines and application

In 1977, test pilot Alexander Fedotov set an absolute world record for flight altitude on the MiG-31 - 37 650 meters. In total, 29 world records are set on this type of aircraft.

Production of the MiG-31 began in 1981, at the Sokol plant in the city of Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod). By the end of 1994, more than 500 of such machines were built, after which their production was curtailed.

The appearance of the MiG-31 in parts led to a significant change in the tactics of the behavior of foreign aviation and the air situation in general in those areas where combat aircraft had repeatedly violated Soviet airspace, allowed themselves to "play on the nerves" of both air defense and civilian crews and military courts.

In the course of numerous exercises, the tactics of group actions of four MiG-31s, interconnected by encrypted communication channels, exchanging information and targeting individual aircraft belonging to the group, were tested. This tactic allows a group of four MiG-31 aircraft to control the airspace with a length of up to a thousand kilometers along the front. It is also possible to use the MiG-31 as a leader to coordinate the actions of interceptor fighters with less powerful electronic equipment.

Target equipment of the aircraft and weapons provide detection and destruction of air targets at ranges up to 200 kilometers, depending on the angle under which the attack is carried out, and the effective reflecting surface of the target. The MiG-31 is equipped with data transmission equipment (ADF), which allows for the exchange of information between interceptors within a detachment, between leading detachment aircraft, and between leading and ground control gears in real time in an automatic (without the intervention of a navigator) mode.

In practice, this means a partial secrecy of combat use. Quite often, the enemy detects the attacking aircraft not by switching on its own on-board radar for irradiation, but by fixing the radar signal of the attacking aircraft. In the case of an attack by a detachment or a pair of MiG-31, one interceptor can search for a target using radar, and another (or others) can launch missiles. Thus, the enemy remains for some time in the dark, from where and when the rocket arrives, and may not have time to interfere or perform an anti-missile maneuver.

Thanks to the ADF, the enemy’s anti-missile maneuvers are easily neutralized. The presence of an ADF in combination with a perfect Zaslon radar allows the MiG-31 to destroy jamming planes with a high probability. In most cases, interference is placed directionally - on a working radar. To interfere with the four radars operating in unison is more difficult, if only because of the need to increase the transmission power of the interference by four times. In practice, the transmission power of interference does not increase, but the effective range of jamming decreases, and the operation of the MIG-31 radar at different frequencies makes it necessary to further reduce the power of the interfering signal due to the need to expand the transmission frequency range. It is more difficult to track the transition of working radar from one frequency to another in the case of four interceptors - the crews have a time during which the interference does not work. The time is seconds, but they are enough for a successful launch of the P-33. Finally, the coordinates of the jammer can be determined by simple direction finding from four MiG-31, and then - the options for hitting the target can be different.

The jammer is the goal of the highest priority, since such an aircraft is capable of not only disrupting attacks, but also that the most important thing is to hide the battle order of strike aircraft. The destruction of the jammer is the first step towards the destruction of the entire group of enemy aircraft. In our Air Force, such a task can effectively be performed only by the MiG-31.

In the course of the design work, a number of modifications of the production aircraft were created, significantly increasing its characteristics:

MiG-31B - interceptor fighter with refueling in the air;
MiG-31D - single fighter with anti-satellite missile;
MiG-31F (E) - a multi-purpose front-line fighter;
The MiG-31E is a long-range interceptor fighter.


Work on the deep modernization of the MiG-31 interceptor, launched in 1984, led to the creation of the MiG-31М - an upgraded fighter-interceptor with new onboard radioelectronic equipment, engine and armament, which reliably intercept invisible aircraft and cruise missiles flying on small and super-light heights. It became the pinnacle of the development of military aviation in the USSR, a number of information about it is still of a closed nature. On the performance indicators of combat effectiveness of the MiG-31M today in military units and do not dream.

The advantages of the MiG-31M over other fighter aircraft of the world:

MiG-31M at a maximum speed ahead of all such planes of the world by at least 500 kilometers per hour;
the maximum combat load is six tons more than that of the MiG-31;
the suspension of the P-37 missiles on the MiG-31M is semi-submerged and practically does not degrade the aerodynamics of the aircraft, which makes it possible to reach the maximum estimated speed of 3000 kilometers per hour and the height of 20 – 22 km, and also increases the range in supersonic mode;
for other fighter planes with these or similar missiles, the maximum speed is no more than 2000 kilometers per hour and three to five kilometers less in height, with the result that the energy given to the rocket when launching from such a carrier is less than that of the MiG-Z1M three times, which significantly reduces the range of the missile;
in a duel situation, this makes it possible to destroy enemy planes without the risk of their own destruction due to the greater range of missiles launched from a greater height and with greater speed.


Turned out not needed

At the Sokol aircraft factory in the second half of the 80-s, the installation batch of the MiG-31M was built in the amount of six prototypes. In March, 1992-2 at the Machulishchi airbase near Minsk MiG-31M was shown to the military-political leadership of Russia and some CIS countries. In April, the Mikoyan Design Bureau received a telegram from the Russian president with congratulations both to the company itself and to its allied companies involved in the creation of the MiG-1994M, regarding the successful completion of the tests. I had in mind the launch from this aircraft of a rocket, which flawlessly hit the target at a distance of more than 31 kilometers, which is still unavailable to any interceptor in the world. In August, the car 300, briefly appeared at the air show "MAKS-1995" in Zhukovsky and caused excellent responses.

But Russia 90-s such a plane was not needed. MiG-31M did not go to the series. Production of other machines of this type was also stopped. In addition, the shares of the Perm Engine Company (PMZ), which produced engines for it, found themselves in the possession of the Americans - the plant stopped producing such power plants.



From 500 produced machines to date, in the ranks left about a hundred. At the same time, one of the reasons for the cessation of production and modernization of the MiG-31 is the lack of unique high-powered D-30F6 engines developed specifically for this aircraft by the Aviadvigatel OJSC design bureau and previously produced by the Perm Engine Company.

Our audit showed that the data on the absence of engines do not correspond to reality. It turned out that the PMZ and storage bases contain over 600 of such engines, the technical condition of which, after reconditioning, will allow upgrading and manufacturing at least 300 of this type of aircraft with the provision of the operating life provided for by the technical parameters for a period of 15 – 20 years. At the Sokol aircraft building plant in the Nizhny Novgorod Region and at the aircraft repair factories, the production facilities, technological infrastructure, personnel and documentation necessary for the resumption of work have been preserved. According to specialists, all this will reduce the time and total production costs for the restoration of much-needed long-range interceptors to protect the aerospace boundaries by more than a third.

options

In 1997, work began on upgrading the MiG-31 fighter-interceptor into a multi-purpose MiG-31BM aircraft, which has significantly increased combat capabilities and carries high-precision weapon to defeat both air and ground targets. Due to the modernization of on-board radio-electronic equipment and weapons, the efficiency of the MiG-31BM increased by a factor of 31 compared to the MiG-2,6.

The MiG-31BM radar is capable of detecting typical aerial targets at almost twice the distance. The detection range of aerial targets increased to 320 kilometers. During the tests, the possibility of destroying enemy aircraft in a long-range missile battle at a distance of the order of 280 kilometers was demonstrated, which is currently unavailable to any foreign fighter. Airborne radar complex? The MiG-31BM is capable of tracking up to ten air targets, six of which can be simultaneously fired at with Р-33С or Р-37 missiles. The possibility of intercepting targets flying at a speed six times the speed of sound has been achieved, and other characteristics of the complex have been improved. State tests of the modification of the MiG-31BM complex were completed in 2012 year.

It is appropriate to recall the modification of the MiG-XNUMHD in the variant of the carrier of an anti-satellite missile. After the collapse of the USSR, work on this subject ceased. The resumption of this program at a new technological and scientific level can turn an aircraft into an important element of anti-missile and anti-space defense.

It should be borne in mind that the MiG-31 aviation complex with the in-flight refueling system and its unique ability to “collect” radar information about the air situation, exchange it with other aircraft, control the weapon, like no other modern fighter, is suitable for solving the tasks of escorting strategic missile carriers of long-range aviation and overcoming the enemy's air defense. In order to realize the fullest possible combat capabilities of the MiG-31 while escorting long-range bombers, one should also think about the mutual exchange of data between strategic missile carriers, tanker aircraft and fighter jets. It will already be an aviation complex consisting of carriers of nuclear weapons, their cover and support forces in the air.

Expert opinion

Based on the above and other available data, it can be stated that the statements of many aviation specialists about the uniqueness of the MiG-31 are based on a real basis. A number of key flight performance of the aircraft and its already created modifications, neither today nor in the next decade, will most likely not be surpassed in the complex either in Russia or abroad by the following parameters:

1. Supersonic cruising flight - V = 2500 km / h (2,32 M), maximum speed - V = 3000 km / h (2,82 M). For information: at T-50, the speed of a supersonic cruise flight is expected to be no more than 1800 km / h, Su-35 can only perform a short-term (about 15 minutes) supersonic flight at speeds up to 2500 km / h.

2. Load capacity - nine to ten tons (Su-35, T-50 - about eight).

3. Overcoming the sound barrier with climb (Su-35, T-50 can not).

4. Static ceiling - kilometer 20,6 (Su-35 - km 18, T-50 - km 20), dynamic ceiling - 25 kilometers.

It should be noted that the maximum speed and ceiling of the MiG-31 surpasses not only the Russian Su-35C and T-50, but also foreign aircraft F-22, F-35, Typhoon and Rafale.

According to experts, MiG-31 aircraft will be out of competition for at least the next 15 years when performing the following tasks:

interception (reaching the line of attack in the shortest possible time) and the destruction of air, ground and surface carriers of cruise missiles;
detection and destruction of low-flying targets (UAVs, cruise missiles, etc.);
operational deployment of air defense in open areas;
efficient equipment with ultramodern antenna complexes without disturbing aerodynamics thanks to the “square” fuselage;
escort and cover the aviation component of the nuclear triad (strategic rocket carriers);
the destruction of enemy satellites, the operational launch of satellites and satellite groups weighing up to 200 kilograms into 200 – 800 orbit kilometers (MiG-31D, MiG-31С, MiG-31I, the Ishim project);
Only one aircraft in the world — the MiG-31 — is potentially capable of accelerating to the minimum speed necessary for launching a GZLA (without a special rocket accelerator). According to experts, it is possible to transport two or three combat GZLA weighing 1,2 – 1,5 tons. In this case, the booster level is not required, so that the range of such a combat GZLA can grow two to three times depending on the size and weight of the combat unit.


Estimated by aviation specialists, military scientists and experts, the MiG-31, possessing a huge modernization potential, is the most promising to consider it as a base when solving the tasks of the aerospace defense, strategic reconnaissance, long-range strike aircraft, operational means of launching small satellites to near-earth orbits. for various purposes, etc. This is confirmed by the numerous works of the 2 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the National Research University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the Research Institute of Civil Agencies.

Considering the above, in order to increase the effectiveness of the aerospace defense system, it seems expedient to make a decision to start a new development project on the creation of a new model of the MiG-31 aircraft and to include in the State Armaments Program on 2016 – 2025 a section on development of the promising aircraft - the long-range interception complex MiG-31 for solving problems of aerospace defense ". Given the new materials technology, the development of the engine, avionics, the combat effectiveness of this machine can be very high.

In addition, I think it is necessary to modernize the existing fleet of MiG-31 aircraft before adopting the new aircraft with the best aircraft performance and combat capabilities. The existing MiG-31М machines and engines for them should be used as prototypes and flying laboratories for aerodynamic studies, tests of propulsion systems, new structural materials, testing of onboard systems, combat systems, etc.

Such solutions can ensure the delivery to the Armed Forces of Russia of a unique, unmatched combat complex for the fulfillment of the tasks of the aerospace defense in a relatively short period.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/19183
36 comments
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  1. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 20 February 2014 07: 58
    +35
    The ideal combat vehicle to perform its intended tasks. Whining about universality is not considered, since universality leads to the concept of "just a little" instead of "little, but high quality".
    When the Union understood this. The interceptor must intercept, the attack aircraft - to work on ground targets, the fighter - to gain superiority in the air.
    And an attempt to put everything in one basket will lead to that. that nothing good can come of it. It would not be too late when it comes to the brain.
    Squeals about savings and high cost are again not taken into account. Not able to feed his army - you will feed someone else's. Or does history again teach nothing?
    1. ABV
      ABV 20 February 2014 09: 22
      +8
      I support! Everyone must do their job!
      Even Stalin began to hold back the "Solntselikogo" Tukhachevsky with proposals to create a universal artillery - an anti-aircraft gun, an anti-tank gun and a howitzer in one person (also for beer in the morning, probably, she had to run herself ...) ...
      A good example of the F-35 is the blurred in several directions functions with unclear real TTX ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 20 February 2014 12: 38
      -6
      Quote: Rurikovich
      The ideal combat vehicle to perform its intended tasks. Whining about universality is not considered, since universality leads to the concept of "just a little" instead of "little, but high quality".
      When the Union understood this. The interceptor must intercept, the attack aircraft - to work on ground targets, the fighter - to gain superiority in the air.
      And an attempt to put everything in one basket will lead to that. that nothing good can come of it. It would not be too late when it comes to the brain.
      Squeals about savings and high cost are again not taken into account. Not able to feed his army - you will feed someone else's. Or does history again teach nothing?

      There is nothing perfect. Each product has pros and cons. The main thing is that the negative sides do not exceed the positive ones. The article describes the positive aspects, the negative ones are bashfully silent. For example, radar visibility compared to other machines. And what will it lead to? You just have to be objective.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 20 February 2014 14: 24
        +10
        It has nothing to do with radar signature, it is a defensive weapon, its main role is heavy interceptor, it works on goals that violate the air borders of the state. Great car for their tasks. It was the appearance of the MiG-25 / 31 that stopped the flights of American intelligence aircraft through our territory.
        1. Vovka levka
          Vovka levka 20 February 2014 17: 46
          -4
          Quote: inkass_98
          It has nothing to do with radar signature, it's a defensive weapon

          You tell the pilots who fly them. They are smart guys, do not suffer from nonsense and let them answer you.
          1. Vlayn
            Vlayn 22 February 2014 02: 00
            +1
            What radar visibility are we talking about if the enemy does not yet see you, but is already shot down? soldier Read the article carefully. "The Zaslon radar installed on the aircraft provides the possibility of detecting air targets at a distance of 200 kilometers, tracking targets of the strategic bomber class - 200 kilometers, fighter class - 120 kilometers", etc.
        2. Vlayn
          Vlayn 22 February 2014 01: 46
          +3
          I confirm! He served as an urgent on Sakhalin in the air defense of the RTP. A regiment of interceptors stood next to us. While they had (God forbid, memory) MiG-27s, they raised us on alert at least 4 times a day for radio-location support of American intelligence officers, and this is just under a year of my service. Our flyers could do nothing with them. Neither speed nor height was enough. And to shoot down ... you understand how it could end. And these ... crawled superiority and reached almost the Urals and calmly went home. As soon as they replaced the MiG-31 in 1 week, "as my grandmother whispered." Our flyers accompanied the Americans (moreover, aggressively laughing on the verge of being shot down) and the Americans och forcibly woke up. Almost a year, my service before the demobilization, we were raised in combat because of the American intelligence 2 times. And they flashed, as they say, on the verge of being illuminated by radars.
          It is unfortunate that such a machine was almost killed. Because of these machines, there is at least some pride in the country and people who can develop, prove that a machine is needed, make it and manage it effectively, using all potential.
          1. badger1974
            badger1974 22 February 2014 09: 39
            0
            e you have an interesting little description, specify what the MiG-27 interceptors had? It’s a hawk bomber, maybe you meant the MiG-29 or Su-27, maybe the famous Su-15? specify because it is unclear-confusion
  2. Ivan Petrovich
    Ivan Petrovich 20 February 2014 08: 58
    +3
    something about the lantern glass nothing is written
    there were speeches that the production technology was lost and MIG 31 cannot go faster than 1700 km h
  3. Aydar
    Aydar 20 February 2014 09: 20
    +5
    a problem with engines, engines for the whole fleet are already gone, and the glider has a long resource
  4. UzRus
    UzRus 20 February 2014 09: 49
    +5
    Yes, this is a really cool airplane! We must, they must be released. Kazakhstan has the same cars, if I am mistaken, correct it.
    1. Andrey KZ
      Andrey KZ 20 February 2014 10: 23
      +3
      Kazakhstan has the same cars, if I am mistaken, correct it.
      Do not be mistaken, there is.
      1. UzRus
        UzRus 20 February 2014 10: 38
        +1
        How much? Is there a piece of 20-30?
        1. Andrey KZ
          Andrey KZ 20 February 2014 12: 39
          0
          Quote: UzRus
          How much? Is there a piece of 20-30?
          I don’t know for sure, the article for 2007 says
          "After the collapse of the USSR, a fairly large number of MiG-31 aircraft remained on the territory of Kazakhstan. Almost all of them are in need of repair and modernization. No more than five aircraft are in flight order. The Kazakh side has asked to restore their airworthiness and modernize," he said. he.
          And here is more detailed about the Kazakh Air Force http://topwar.ru/21965-voennye-samolety-strany.html
          1. marshes
            marshes 20 February 2014 19: 15
            +1
            As expected, 30% on alert, 30% in reserve and the rest in "reserve".
      2. denssss
        denssss 21 February 2014 05: 46
        0
        Kazakhstan just MIG-31D inherited after the collapse of the Union
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. sapsan14
    sapsan14 20 February 2014 10: 04
    +5
    I read it. A huge plus for the article and for everyone who created this complex. Even, if not an expert, I understand the importance and necessity of restoring the MiG-31 combat complex. But something suggests that it is precisely because of its need for defense, because of the ability to restore the complex in a relatively short time, because of its characteristics, especially in missile defense, the MiG-31 will be "rolled". Why is this pessimism? In recent years, Russia has produced many "super-duper" weapons, equipment, etc. But not a single complete COMBAT SYSTEM was created. There is always something not done, it will be in 20 ..., the dashing 90s interfere, the Perm plant is among the Americans (!!!!!!!!!!!!), but we have a MARKET .... A 31 th is. There is a quantity for the creation of a combat system, there is a modernization potential, there is money, the recovery time is minimal (in comparison with the development from "0"). Everything is. There is only one thing: political will. Therefore, there will be no MiG-31. To our great general regret.
  7. sevtrash
    sevtrash 20 February 2014 10: 13
    +3
    The article is some unfinished and unfinished. If the author just wants to say that Mig 31 is needed and that’s it, because it’s so unique - this is one thing. But if you seriously approach this topic, then maybe you need to determine the place of Mig 31, specify its tasks, for what purposes exactly Mig 31 is needed, how many there will be.
    If the Arctic or somewhere else - to calculate how many Mig 31 it is necessary, taking into account the capabilities of the interception lines and the time of barrage - how many and where are the airfields, radar stations, I do not think they are not needed. An extremely important point is how the entire system will be supported, namely the system / infrastructure - airplanes, airfields, radars, how much money will be spent on servicing aircraft, airfields, transportation of ammunition, fuel, personnel.
    Did the author think about the economic component, and not just about the outstanding or seeming such qualities? Or about the advisability of deploying the entire interception system with the Mig 31 headed in specific economic conditions and the military-political situation?
    1. UzRus
      UzRus 20 February 2014 10: 37
      +1
      Quote - This is confirmed by the numerous works of the 2nd Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the NRU of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the Research Institute of Civil Departments.
    2. Alekseev
      Alekseev 20 February 2014 11: 06
      +1
      Quote: sevtrash
      But if you seriously approach this topic, then maybe you need to determine the place of Mig 31, specify its tasks, for what purposes exactly Mig 31 is needed, how many there will be.

      Well, for the development of such topics in detail, depending on the military-political situation and the state of the economy, a number of institutions are kept. Both the General Staff, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the new, some main defense center Shoigu wants to organize should be closely related to these issues. Not to mention purely expert technical research. How much, where is the Migov of the 31s, in what modification - for this is the command of the Air Force and Air Defense (Air and Space Defense seems to be today?)
      In the article, such an analysis cannot be done.
      But ... do you need to restore the air defense? Yes. Do you need hijackers for this? Also, it seems, no one canceled. It will be a pity if, in spite of the need, or even the necessity, this plane becomes a victim of "neo-Khrushchevism".
    3. typhoon7
      typhoon7 20 February 2014 15: 42
      +5
      The tips were smart. With the saturation of the air defense of the USSR, all the same, he could not block all directions, and in Russia only Moscow was well covered. Thousands of axes will fly, than you will intercept. The West has already started a fire in Ukraine, and you are not discussing the need for reason, it’s blazing at your side, and you are counting the money. The expediency of this machine has been proven for a long time, it is not in vain that they are not going to throw the north again. To protect their family, people do not spare money, the same should be on a national scale.
  8. Nayhas
    Nayhas 20 February 2014 11: 13
    -6
    Whose author MiG-31 is needed everywhere, and to fight with aliens and destroy targets on earth ...
    If frankly the MiG-31 has long been time to write off, that's just nothing to replace. He was great for the threats of the 80s, and the Tomahawk can also search and shoot down the SR-71. Now it can be done both cheaper and easier.
    1. Alekseev
      Alekseev 20 February 2014 12: 08
      +3
      Quote: Nayhas
      Whose author MiG-31 is needed everywhere, and to fight with aliens and destroy targets on earth ...

      No, I didn’t notice that it was "especially" needed for these purposes. The author claims that it is needed as a carrier of air-to-air missile weapons, well, it can be used as a stage 1 of a light space system, if necessary, replace the Tu-22 as a carrier for an air-to-surface missile. But what
      Quote: Nayhas
      Now it can be done both cheaper and easier.
      I do not know, not an expert in these matters.
      I wonder - is it like "cheaper and easier"?
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 20 February 2014 14: 05
        0
        it would be nice to have a hypersonic "long-range" for the destruction of the AUG, it's strange how they didn't think of it before, or maybe they just thought of it, they need to dig into Jane, atm probably something about it
        1. aviator65
          aviator65 20 February 2014 21: 02
          +1
          What you are talking about was in full swing at the Mikoyan Design Bureau in the mid-80s - "ed. 301". Work was also underway on a promising interceptor to replace the 31st - "izd.512", by the way with the use of stealth elements. Everything turned off after 92.
      2. Nayhas
        Nayhas 20 February 2014 18: 23
        -3
        Quote: Alekseev
        I do not know, not an expert in these matters.
        I wonder - is it like "cheaper and easier"?

        Here you should start from afar. It's all about the application concept. Heavy fighter equipped with powerful radar and long-range missiles, plus a speed of 3000 km / h. The principle "I seek myself, I destroy myself". This is due to the fact that it was planned to act in areas where there are few radar stations and there is no one to get guidance from, i.e. northern regions. Hence the high weight and cost of the aircraft, higher requirements for the runway, the complexity of piloting, and high fuel consumption.
        Now the aircraft AWACS in the dimensions of passenger airjets such as Saab-340, Embraer-145 and Gulfstream G550 is no longer news. Equipped with AFAR radars, they are not inferior to the same A-50 in detection range, and are much superior in terms of basing conditions and operating costs. No matter how the MiG-31 is an excellent aircraft, the detection range of its radar will always be less than the radar of an AWACS aircraft, which is due to the size of the antenna and weight restrictions, not to mention the viewing angle. The data transmission system allows you to transmit data about the target directly to the aircraft interceptor allowing him not to use the airborne radar. It is enough to perform a single-engine interceptor aircraft with average characteristics, the only modern communications equipment is needed in order to receive a picture from the AWACS. Such an aircraft is not difficult to manufacture and not expensive to operate.
        Launching the MiG-31 production now is not realistic, the cost of the aircraft will go beyond all reasonable limits ...
    2. badger1974
      badger1974 20 February 2014 14: 01
      0
      ground-based anti-orbital missile systems are extremely expensive, so such a specialty on the platform has a huge future,
      as a fighter with the AUG would also have no equal, though they still have to imprison them under the P-800
      so it’s not tokma that they are chasing after the volumes, and you can’t wrap up your homeland with ground-based air defense systems,
    3. inkass_98
      inkass_98 20 February 2014 14: 27
      +1
      The fact of the matter is that there is nothing to replace. So for now, it is necessary to maintain what is currently available in combat readiness.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 20 February 2014 16: 19
        0
        Quote: inkass_98
        The fact of the matter is that there is nothing to replace. So for now, it is necessary to maintain what is currently available in combat readiness.

        Well, you can’t argue ...
    4. dmitrij.blyuz
      dmitrij.blyuz 20 February 2014 16: 50
      +2
      4 vehicles in their battle-cover the entire Krasnoyarsk Territory. Who else can cover it like this? To write off the 31st, I'm sorry, it's not up to you to decide. Machines are being upgraded to "BM". In Kansk, all are taki. Cheaper and easier, stomp on AvtoVAZ and hammer, that would be launched into the series "Oka". By the way, not a bad machine.
  9. EvilLion
    EvilLion 20 February 2014 12: 41
    +1
    There is no cruising supersonic on the MiG-31, it’s just to hell with fuel, which, however, goes unrealistic and without supersonic flight.
    Radar "Zaslon" it was very cool, but now on smaller aircraft radars are much better. Fast-flying targets for the MiG-31 have practically disappeared, and as a transport for the delivery of T-50 missiles it will be more efficient.
    I don’t know what is being written off hastily there, but if the plane is already raining down, then nothing else remains. At the same time, the modernization of cars is still slowly going on.
    MINUS.

    Carrying capacity - nine to ten tons (Su-35, T-50 - about eight).


    What? Maybe he will 10 tons and lift up, draining part of the fuel, the benefit flies in a straight line, overloads are not terrible, but his weapons are really 4 long-range missiles.

    The power plant on the MiG-31 uses powerful highly economical dual-circuit turbojet engines D-30Ф6, which develop traction on the afterburner by 15 500 kilograms.


    I really won’t get to google whether the engines are dual-circuit, but it is urgent for the author to learn how the bypass ratio, speed, efficiency are related.
    1. postman
      postman 20 February 2014 13: 28
      +3
      Quote: EvilLion
      I’m not going to get google, are the engines really double-circuit

      Double-circuit, two-shaft

      Quote: EvilLion
      economy.

      YES.
      this parameter has practically no relation to speed

      laid down the principle of joining the turbojet engine additional mass of air passing through the external circuit of the engine, allowing to obtain engines with higher flight efficiency (a value characterizing the degree of perfection of a jet engine like a heat engine and jet propulsion), compared with conventional turbojet engines.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion 20 February 2014 15: 09
        +1
        Yes? I wonder why, then, even in the smallest civilian jet engines, the bypass ratio is 10 times higher than that of fighter engines? The point is speed. Engines for ultra-high-speed aircraft often generally have a zero bypass ratio.
        1. postman
          postman 20 February 2014 15: 33
          +1
          Quote: EvilLion
          in the smallest civilian jet engines, the bypass ratio is 10 times higher than that of fighter engines?

          ECONOMY !! fuel consumption
          + noise reduction
          + temperature limits in front of the turbine

          "tiny" civilian (such as business jets) - do not have the ability to accommodate the fuel supply, must be quiet, due to the small size of the turbojet engine, the possibility of organizing cooling of the turbine blades is limited

          The Conway engine had a fairly low bypass ratio (of the order of 0.3), but fuel economy was already very noticeable, and his followers (Rolls-Royce Sprey) became widespread.

          Quote: EvilLion
          Engines for ultra-high-speed aircraft often generally have a zero bypass ratio.

          Bypass ratio: air flow rate through an external motor circuit to air flow through the internal circuit
          From the fact that you miss MORE air (WITHOUT FUEL) through turbojet engine .... speed will not increase, but efficiency will increase
          The essence is in the Meshchersky equation - tyaga depends linearly on the speed of the jet, and energy is quadratic. The lower the air velocity, the greater the efficiency.

          A large degree of bypass provides lower speed of the jet flowing out of the nozzle.
    2. typhoon7
      typhoon7 20 February 2014 21: 17
      +1
      Well, who's stopping you from upgrading the car. In the west, avionics are constantly being upgraded. The machine is unique and special in its field.
  10. postman
    postman 20 February 2014 12: 49
    +2
    There are a number of questions:
    1. Supersonic cruising flight - V = 2500 km / h (2,32 M), maximum speed - V = 3000 km / h (2,82 M)
    -Duration of flight on the north-west cruiser and its height?
    -the use of weapons in the northwestern cruising is not available
    -2,82M /, if I am not mistaken, the "extraordinary" speed, leading to the loss of engines and (possibly) irreversible violations in the engine? I heard that no more than 10min,may be wrong

    2. Load capacity - nine to ten tons (Su-35, T-50 - about eight).
    -requires the highest qualifications and constant training (number of drugs and disasters)
    3. Overcoming the sound barrier with climb (Su-35, T-50 can not).
    -only (!) at altitudes of 11000m and without (or practically) weapons, if I'm not mistaken without
    R-40 and a container with R-40 missile guidance equipment, and without R-60
    4. Static ceiling - kilometer 20,6 (Su-35 - km 18, T-50 - km 20), dynamic ceiling - 25 kilometers.
    Yes, it is important to intercept the SR-71 (SR-71 always went to the coast of Kamchatka at a height 22-24 km at a right angle, and then left turn left to Okinawa, almost striking along the "ribbon"), which is already gone.
    =======================
    These fantastic figures are of course achieved at a tremendous price:
    cost la
    -the cost of normal operating and maintenance hours
    -low running hours (here vaf will correct, it has a bunch of terms that are correct)
    - "giant" EPR and "giant" IR trace
    -the highest qualification of pilots and ground handling personnel
    (The MiG-31-based interception system turned out to be much more complicated and required a new level of service culture compared to the previous Su-15 and Tu-128)
    (mechanical control system, low stability margin, piloting "on the blade of a knife", when a sharp movement of the control handle or throttle controls can lead to a stall)

    1. postman
      postman 20 February 2014 12: 53
      +1
      the destruction of enemy satellites, the operational launch of satellites and satellite groups weighing up to 200 kilograms into 200 – 800 orbit kilometers (MiG-31D, MiG-31С, MiG-31I, the Ishim project);
      - an anti-satellite missile was not created (technical difficulties), talking about Russian ASAT is meaningless - it was not and is not
      -ARKK "Ishim"

      the mass of the MiG-31I with a launch vehicle is 50 tons, the flight range to the launch point is 600 km, the height of the launch point is from 15 to 18 km, speed at launch point - 2120-2230 km / h. The complex allows putting into a circular orbit with an inclination of 46 ° up to 160 kg of payload at a height of 300 km or up to 120 kg at a height of 600 km.
      There are doubts that the MiG-31 (with launch vehicle) with a mass of 50 (!) Kg and such a "midship" is capable of:
      -rise to such (!) height
      -provide such (!) speed at the starting point
      - launch of such an object (!) (mass, midsection, length) at a speed of 2M (!) .....


      only one aircraft in the world - the MiG-31 is potentially capable of accelerating to the minimum speed necessary for launching a GZLA (without a special rocket accelerator).

      only one aircraft in the world - the MiG-31 is potentially capable of accelerating to the minimum speed necessary for launching a GZLA
      - it seems to be yes (at supersonic speeds around Mach 3 it starts to work efficiently Ramjet,

      but before the "lower" zone of the start of the operation of the scramjet engine, it is still "FAR" (very much) and either it will take a boost (and why then "fence the garden"), or do a TWO-mode pvd,
      It is also very difficult to imagine the separation of GZLA at this speed from the carrier(IF THE CARRIER WILL FINALLY BE ABLE (!) To develop such a speed with a suspended GZLA) Long-range missile launcher R-33 in a "semi-submerged" (in the fuselage) state (this is how it was originally designed)
    2. EvilLion
      EvilLion 20 February 2014 13: 33
      0
      The MiG-25 could make a hill at 35 km, perhaps the MiG-31 can also, although the practical meaning of this is now unclear.
      In general, the MiG-31 at one time replaced the even more expensive Tu-128, while being inferior to him in a number of parameters. Probably, there were all the scatters too. This is a typical phenomenon when, as a result of progress, the most complex super-expensive system is replaced, albeit less efficient, but an order of magnitude cheaper. Accordingly, now the tasks solved with the help of the "Barrier" can be blamed on tactical fighters. To deal with the problem of reaching outrageous flight modes, when you have to solve a lot of problems with heating and other delights now means a senseless waste of resources. More urgent is the task of intercepting hundreds of missile forces and not very fast flying machines like the F-16 and F-35.
      1. postman
        postman 20 February 2014 15: 53
        0
        Quote: EvilLion
        MiG-25 could make a slide at 35 km

        E-266M / E-155M (not serial MIG-25) - altitude 35000 m in 4 min 11,7 s (17.05.1975/XNUMX/XNUMX) Due to the lower mass and simplification of on-board equipment, the aircraft was used to set new world records.
        In the summer of 1977, A. Fedotov improved his own record: on July 22, an airplane with a load of 2000 kg climbed to a height of 37 m, and on August 21 he climbed without cargo to a height of 37 m. This is an absolute world record.



        These are two "flying" turbojet engines


        Quote: EvilLion
        In general, the MiG-31 at one time replaced the even more expensive Tu-128

        MIG-31 is more expensive, ohmaintenance and staff qualifications MORE ROAD (above)
        1. typhoon7
          typhoon7 20 February 2014 16: 17
          +3
          But all the same, these two turbojet engines did their job and did not do badly. The fact is that before you start something for scrapping, you need to create something and put it on stream. This applies not only to the Air Force, but to the Navy. But he has no replacement, the car is unique like the Mig-25, at one time. He has no equal in his work.
          1. postman
            postman 20 February 2014 17: 19
            0
            Quote: typhoon7
            The fact is that before you start something for scrapping

            ZhCI (product life cycle)
            Sometimes it’s cheaper to scrap than maintain it in good condition (resource)
            + economy
            Already quoted: for energy resources the Russian Federation receives more or as much as the USSR (in terms of)
            And?
            "new" MIG-3X is not visible
    3. vkrav
      vkrav 20 February 2014 14: 41
      0
      Quote: Postman
      huge:
      cost la

      I don’t know how much steel itself cost, which went to the power frame, but a kilogram of sawdust of this steel cost 750 Soviet rubles laughing
      1. postman
        postman 20 February 2014 14: 53
        0
        Quote: vkrav
        I don’t know how much steel itself cost, which went to the power frame, but a kilogram of sawdust of this steel cost 750 Soviet rubles


        Average cost of 1 kg of waste paper

        Moscow - 2-10 rubles / kg
        St. Petersburg - 1-8 rubles / kg
        Novosibirsk - 1-8 rubles / kg
        Yekaterinburg - 0,5-8 rubles / kg
        Nizhny Novgorod - 0,5-6 rubles / kg
        Samara - 1-7 rubles / kg
        Kazan - 0,5-6 rubles / kg
        Omsk - 1-6 rubles / kg
        Chelyabinsk - 0,5-7 rubles / kg
        Rostov-on-Don - 0,5-5 rubles / kg
        Ufa - 0,5 - 5 rubles / kg
        Volgograd - 0,5 - 6 rubles / kg
        Perm - 0,5 - 7 rubles / kg
        Belgorod - 0,5 - 2 rubles / kg

        So what?
        High-quality, pure cellulose offset paper with good whiteness and opacity. Used to make prestigious books. Price over 2 (70 rubles) USD / kg
        other 1,65–1,75 USD / kg (paper rolls are approximately 0,2 USD cheaper).
        =========================
        1. were the sawdust made of heat-resistant steels VNS-2, 4 and 5 and titanium?
        2. where did you "nadybali" them ... in civilian life?
  11. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 20 February 2014 13: 09
    +3
    And what "above" do not know who is destroying the production of the MiG-31, I suggest -Pogosyan and the company. The fifth column in the Russian aircraft industry! The model is good, not a dead end, according to experts, there is every opportunity for development, modernization, and increased efficiency.
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 20 February 2014 13: 19
      -3
      Sorry, but how much did you get paid for this?
  12. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker 20 February 2014 13: 18
    +1
    So far nothing has been done better - needed. At least in addition to drying ...
    1. typhoon7
      typhoon7 20 February 2014 17: 27
      +1
      It was created so that Dryers went in addition and not vice versa. He directed Dryers and MiGs and even used their weapons, and the modernized MiG-31 in the USSR was twice as effective. So I don’t understand how it can go in addition to Sushki. The concepts are different.
  13. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker 20 February 2014 13: 21
    +1
    So far nothing has been done better - needed. At least in addition to drying ...
  14. badger1974
    badger1974 20 February 2014 13: 56
    +1
    a very interesting and urgent problem is the aerospace, there are 31 like fish in water, nothing better to come up with
    if we even finalized the 31st project with the yakhont (onyx) complex, then the complex backfire could be sent for a well-deserved rest, mocked at AUG from 300 km and left without loss
    1. postman
      postman 20 February 2014 15: 00
      +2
      Quote: badger1974
      finalized the 31st project with the yachont complex (onyx)

      uh ...
      Sorry, but neither:
      SUV “Barrier” (RP-31)
      - 8TK heater (vertical detection +6 / -13 degrees)
      - PPI-70V
      -SAU-155MP
      and others are NOT INTENDED for detection / tracking of ground surface targets
      yacht / onyx cannot be hung on pylons, and instead of R-33 (R-33S) DO NOT "VPENDYURISH" into tandem PU AKU-410
      ...
      it is unlikely that he (MIG-31) could even take off / fly with anti-ship missiles like the Yakhont-small margin of stability
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 21 February 2014 11: 45
        0
        to modify this means to change, any radar "on land / water" will fit into such dimensions, two yachts can be slammed under the belly, all the more so there is no need for starting engines, and there is no need to fly under the "ceiling", so the mass will be pulled if the indicated thirty TTX are correct, the departure from the launch site here variations, even with a set or without a climb, there is no one to catch up with everything
  15. Sonyman
    Sonyman 20 February 2014 16: 29
    0
    The 31st plane is without a doubt excellent !!!
    But the article smacks of corporate advertising for a moment.
    This is especially striking when comparing with su with shutting up the last ...
    IMHO.
  16. dmitrij.blyuz
    dmitrij.blyuz 20 February 2014 16: 54
    +1
    Quote: Alekseev
    I wonder - is it like "cheaper and easier"?

    You sho? Do not know? Left behind from life! wassat The whole technology is "simpler and cheaper" - AvtoVAZ! A smart, strategic enterprise. laughingRises in price and rises in price. Soon "Lambru" will surpass the price!
  17. supertiger21
    supertiger21 20 February 2014 17: 01
    0
    MiG-31 pleases the eye, a very unique aircraft good ! But as if the plane wasn’t good, sooner or later it becomes obsolete. Now the Su-31S and PAK FA can also play the role of the 35st, since they also have a huge combat radius and long-range missiles. Interceptors are slowly but surely a thing of the past , their niche will be occupied by heavy fighters.
  18. Leshka
    Leshka 20 February 2014 20: 09
    +1
    please let everything change and they will be produced again crying
  19. bandabas
    bandabas 20 February 2014 21: 50
    0
    He served in Gromovo (Leningrad Region) in the RTB RTV Air Defense. Provided a regiment of MIGs -31 in Gromovo, the so-called second line of defense. As far as I know, there is nothing left of the MIGs. They did, as it is now fashionable to call, outsourcing.
  20. AlexA
    AlexA 21 February 2014 00: 14
    +2
    Quote: EvilLion
    Yes? I wonder why, then, even in the smallest civilian jet engines, the bypass ratio is 10 times higher than that of fighter engines. The point is speed. Engines for high-speed aircraft often generally have a zero bypass ratio

    You, Mr. Lyon, are in performances around the 50s. Double-circuit engines have long been used on fighters.
    Indeed, the higher the speed, the lower the bypass ratio. Well, a colleague has already explained to you about flight efficiency.
    But in this machine, a dual-circuit engine shows its advantages in the form of a noticeable increase in traction on the afterburner. The combustion products of a single-circuit engine have little free oxygen. Therefore, only a little fuel can be injected into the afterburner and get a 30 percent increase in thrust. In the D-30F, the afterburner thrust is twice as much as the afterburner. Therefore, in the mode of barrage, this engine is more economical than a single-circuit due to high flight efficiency, and in afterburner it reaches 3000 km / h. At one time, it was the first afterburner bypass engine in the world.
    This engine also features a titanium low pressure compressor housing and a separator housing, which allows this engine to withstand high supersonic speeds. At one time (about 40 years ago) this was also done for the first time in the world. I say this first-hand. I worked in that brigade of Aviadvigatel OJSC (then MKB), which started the development of this engine.
  21. Witold
    Witold 21 February 2014 01: 04
    -4
    The article is good, but designed for the ignorant. A long-range heat finder does not exist; its range, depending on height, ranges from 0.5-20 km. Azov Optical and Mechanical Plant, OJSC
    More details: http://www.arms-expo.ru/050050051049124052056053057.html Guided air-to-air missiles have long been in the past. For more than 20 years, fire and forget rockets have been used. The rocket finds the target itself. "Destruction of enemy satellites", then bent so bent. Satellites fly at an altitude of 200 to 1000 km. TV 35800 km. over the equator. In general, as always, you will not praise yourself, no one will praise.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 21 February 2014 11: 55
      +1
      it’s the low-orbit and the most dangerous ones, and it’s necessary to beat them at the perigee and not at the apogee of the attacked satellite, aiming at them, and geostationary television are essentially transmitters that can be quenched by the UHF, the sun does it regularly
    2. Trigger
      Trigger 23 February 2014 23: 52
      0
      When they want to "brush away" the satellite, they will screw up another rocket. And the plane itself is "BJORDALEN" from Aviation !!!
      1. Witold
        Witold 24 February 2014 00: 23
        0
        The answer of the amateur.
      2. Witold
        Witold 24 February 2014 00: 23
        0
        The answer of the amateur.
    3. Alex 241
      Alex 241 24 February 2014 00: 36
      0
      Quote: Vitold
      heights range from 0.5-

      Not only.
      Quote: Vitold
      used missiles such as shot and forgot

      This is a common misconception. It all depends on the GSN. Even when launching a missile with an infrared seeker, it is highlighted by radar or KNP to enter the range.
  22. Current 72
    Current 72 21 February 2014 02: 48
    0
    Many thanks to the author for the article !!! The material is very simple and intelligible; even a non-specialist understands that MIGarek is a great car.
  23. Trigger
    Trigger 23 February 2014 23: 36
    0
    The first of 10 comments)))
  24. Trigger
    Trigger 23 February 2014 23: 37
    0
    From one glory the second did not ride)))
  25. Trigger
    Trigger 23 February 2014 23: 39
    0
    ATP for the article, Pts. informative article on the background of disputes about the need for competition in the defense industry
  26. shtanko.49
    shtanko.49 24 February 2014 17: 32
    0
    Quote: typhoon7
    The tips were smart. With the saturation of the air defense of the USSR, all the same, he could not block all directions, and in Russia only Moscow was well covered. Thousands of axes will fly, than you will intercept. The West has already started a fire in Ukraine, and you are not discussing the need for reason, it’s blazing at your side, and you are counting the money. The expediency of this machine has been proven for a long time, it is not in vain that they are not going to throw the north again. To protect their family, people do not spare money, the same should be on a national scale.

    And it’s very rational to make an airplane already in the series, and even 600 dviguns turn up somewhere, it's just a gift from the USSR. And there are drawbacks in any technique if it knocks down 4 axes and then it will pay off, given the price of the ax and then what he was aiming for.
  27. Tishka
    Tishka 1 November 2014 20: 01
    0
    Yes, in Soviet times, they didn’t count a penny, and created miracles! MIG 31, a vivid example of this, recently, there was an article that he, almost to the north pole, reached, with refueling in the air, he could continue. but did not risk the pilot and the car! It’s good that they thought better of it in time. And they stopped sawing on titanium, for the A-380 chassis, otherwise everyone wanted to cut it! The glass of the lanterns of old cars does not always withstand speeds of more than 1700, but not because of defects, but from old age, everything can be revived and restored if desired! But those who admitted that the shares of the plant, for the production of engines for MIG, were in the hands of the Americans. It is necessary to put to the wall, as traitors to the motherland!
  28. Maksim_ok
    Maksim_ok 30 October 2020 13: 14
    +1
    the 31st does not have a cruising supersonic sound in non-afterburner mode. the ceiling of the combatants is 20 km. in 2003, on combatant 31st, flight altitude was reached with a weight (1000 and 2000 kg) of 21 km. Early records are indirectly related to combatants. supersonic combat radius is only 700 km.