The hypothetical image of a possible variant of subsonic PACK DA (image August 2013 g., Http://militaryrussia.ru)
News A. Boginsky, Director of Aviation Industry Department, Ministry of Industry and Trade, announced the progress of the project. During a press conference during the Singapore Airshow 2014 International Air Show, held in Singapore, the official told about the latest news from the PAK DA program. As it turned out, back in December last year, the Russian Ministry of Defense and the Tupolev company signed a contract on the conceptual design of a promising aircraft. Funding has already begun and will continue over the next few years. Thus, the creation of a new bomber is approaching the stage of the appearance of the project, according to which the planes will be built.
The work on the PAK DA program started in 2009, when the Ministry of Defense ordered the Tupolev company to conduct research and design work on a new project. By the middle of 2012, the formation of the technical appearance of the promising bomber was completed, after which the formation of the technical requirements for the project continued. At the end of last year, as follows from the words of the director of the department of the aviation industry of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, a contract was signed to create a preliminary design, as a result of which design work has now begun.
According to the latest statements by representatives of the Ministry of Defense and Industry, the first flight of the PAK DA prototype aircraft will take place in 2019. In the middle of the next decade, it is planned to adopt a new bomber for armament, as well as to begin construction of mass-produced aircraft. Deliveries of mass-produced vehicles will allow the air force to upgrade its fleet of long-range bombers. According to reports, the PAK DA aircraft will replace the currently used missile-carrying bombers Tu-95MS, Tu-22М3 and Tu-160. Thus, by the end of the thirties, promising bombers will become the basis of Russian long-range aviation.
In the past few years, representatives of the Ministry of Defense revealed some details of the PAK DA project. Without going into technical details, they talked about the general features of a promising long-range bomber. According to reports, the PAK DA aircraft will be subsonic and will be able to carry a larger payload than the existing bombers. Such information became the reason for the assumption that the promising bomber will be built according to the scheme of a flying wing.
It is expected that in the design of a promising strike aircraft will be widely used various technical solutions and materials designed to increase flight data and reduce radar visibility. According to statements by representatives of the Ministry of Defense, the PAK DA bomber will be able to carry existing and prospective cruise missiles and bombs of various types. A comparison of the PAK YA combat load with the similar parameter of the Tu-160 aircraft suggests that a promising bomber can carry at least 25-30 tons of weapons. The bomber’s nomenclature may include existing X-55 and X-555 missiles, as well as promising X-101 missiles. If necessary, the aircraft must use guided bombs. In addition, the use of air-to-air missiles designed for self-defense cannot be ruled out.
In August last year, Air Force Commander Lieutenant-General V. Bondarev said that the PAK DA rocket-carrying bomber could carry and use promising hypersonic missiles. At the same time, there is no reliable information on the development of such ammunition, although some developments in this area are available.
To achieve the required flight characteristics, the PAK DA bomber will need to get the appropriate engines. It is known that since 2011, research and design work has been carried out, the purpose of which is to create a promising turbojet engine. In addition, a few years ago, an unverified version of the possible use of the AL-41F1С engines (“Product 117С”) designed for the Su-35С fighter aircraft appeared.
With a payload of at least 25-30 tons, the takeoff weight of the PAK DA bomber must exceed 110-120 tons. Given the requirements for the replacement of existing aircraft, we can assume that the range of the promising bomber will reach 8-10 thousand kilometers. The maximum speed of the aircraft will not exceed 950-1000 km / h. With such characteristics, the aircraft PAK DA will be able to perform a number of combat missions characteristic of existing types of bombers.
In the early stages of the PAK DA program, plans were made for the mass production of new aircraft. It was alleged that by the end of the twenties, the air force would receive a new type of 100 bombers. Since that time, the implementation dates of the program have changed, which is why, apparently, serial vehicles will begin to enter the troops later. New or revised information on the required number of aircraft PAK DA was not announced.
The creation and adoption of the PAK DA aircraft will significantly increase the capabilities of Russian long-range aviation, as well as significantly upgrade its fleet of vehicles. Thus, the newest Tu-95MS bombers were built in 1992, and soon after the construction of the Tu-22М3 aircraft was completed. The delivery of the Tu-160 serial aircraft was completed in 2008 after the transfer of the Vitaly Kopylov b / n 08 aircraft. Thus, the existing long-range bombers gradually develop their resources and will need to be replaced over the next 15-20 years. They should be replaced by the new PAK DA aircraft, the serial construction of which is scheduled to begin in the mid-twenties.
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