Military Review

"American Interests Hinder Reconciliation of North and South Korea"

"American Interests Hinder Reconciliation of North and South Korea"

The geopolitical interests of the United States in the region hinder the development of cooperation between Seoul and Pyongyang: the existing tension between the two countries allows Washington to justify building an air defense system and maintaining military bases not far from the Russian and Chinese borders, told the Voice of Russia Head of the Center for Korean Studies at the Far East Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Zhebin
South and North Korea agreed to hold a second round of talks; the meeting is expected to take place on February 14. The first round ended in vain, ITAR-TASS reported.
Should we expect any progress at the second meeting, the head of the Center for Korean Studies at the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Zhebin told the Voice of Russia.

- Attempt number two can be effective?

- Any attempt is commendable. In recent years, North and South Korea have experienced a difficult period in relations. It came even to armed conflicts, shooting at each other, as it was in 2010 on Enphendo Island. So, any steps that lead to reconciliation, to the normalization of relations deserve the approval of the whole world and, of course, Russia, which is interested in peace and tranquility in the region located directly on our borders.

- Why was the first attempt unsuccessful? The parties do not want to negotiate or can not agree for certain reasons?

- The parties have different priorities and an agenda, and agreeing on it in the context of the fact that during seven years of negotiations at such a high political level was not, of course, difficult. In 2007, there was an inter-Korean summit, then a meeting of the prime ministers of the North and the South, at which 40 joint projects were agreed upon, the implementation of which led to a significant expansion of cooperation, strengthening trust between the North and the South.
In subsequent years, unfortunately, the development of relations went the other way. For the North, the military-political agenda is important first of all. It is no secret that they insist on canceling, or at least reducing, moving away from their borders joint American-South Korean maneuvers, which they see as a threat to their security.
It’s no secret that such leaks have leaked into the South Korean press, that in recent years, starting with 2012, these maneuvers have been practicing the US-South Korean forces of the North Korean territory in the event of a likely collapse of the regime under the influence of the economic difficulties that are created primarily by sanctions imposed on the DPRK at the initiative of the United States and its allies.
For South Korea, the priority remains family reunification, humanitarian, access to North Korea information, which, as they expect, will help the North Koreans to see the advantages of the South Korean system, the political and economic system and thereby shatter the monolithic unity of North Korean society, will create some kind of alternative groups, movements that will offer people alternative political slogans and values.
The parties need to find a balance of interests in order to agree on how to move towards the goals that they had already agreed upon in 1972. This is a union based on the principles of peace, a great national consolidation, a peaceful democratic union of the country.

- Sometimes it seems that South Korea, conducting regular exercises with the United States, provokes its northern neighbor, because the militant statements from North Korea always sound in spite to some actions of South Korea. Or is the situation acute in itself; does it not allow each side of the conflict to remain silent?

- It's not only in South Korea, but also in American politics in the Far East. Throughout the postwar period, the United States regards military-political alliances with South Korea as a pillar of its foreign policy in this region. There all these years there are contingents of American troops, missile defense is created, and any reconciliation between North and South Korea, the normalization of relations knocks out the foundations of this policy.

Now practically the only argument for creating a missile defense system in the region and the deployment of American troops remains the "North Korean threat." Suppose that the North and the South agree to normalize relations, then how to explain to the American taxpayers, the American Congress, why do we need funds for missile defense, for the maintenance of American troops in the current financial difficulties, a huge American foreign debt? And most importantly - how to explain to Russia and China, why these troops, why missile defense?

- Americans financially help South Korea?

- Now there is no, on the contrary, she spends a lot of money, somewhere around 700 million dollars a year, for the maintenance of the American military contingent, buys military equipment worth billions of dollars from America. So for the Americans, this alliance, besides the fact that it allows them to keep the armed forces right on the Chinese and Russian borders, is also economically beneficial.

- In your opinion, is it possible to soon meet the leaders of North and South Korea?

- Let's hope that it will become a reality. Unfortunately, the reconciliation process knows its ups and downs. In the year 1972 managed to develop the principles of reunification. Then there was an almost 20-year break, until at the end of 1980-s the parties signed an agreement on reconciliation, non-aggression, exchanges and cooperation, a document in which all the foundations were laid for the further development of relations between the North and the South.
But the document was not implemented due to the first nuclear crisis in Korea. Then there were summits: in 2000, the first summit between Kim Jong Il and Kim Dae Jung in Pyongyang, in 2007, the second. Then the seven-year break came again. Now South Korean President Park Geun-hye has proclaimed a policy of trust towards the North. In principle, the idea is not bad, it is important that it be filled with practical matters as quickly as possible.
In my personal opinion, conducting large-scale military maneuvers — after all, the current ones will be followed by even more ambitious ones, where more than 200 thousands of South Korean soldiers and several thousand American soldiers will participate - do not contribute to creating a confidential atmosphere.
I think that the scale, intensity and direction of military maneuvers need to be changed from one side to the other, to make them as modest, predictable as possible and not set before them participants the goals that the American-South Korean side now puts, about which The South Korean press is preparing for the collapse of the North Korean regime so desired by some forces in Seoul and Washington.
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  1. Ihrek
    Ihrek 16 February 2014 07: 00
    Without USA, the world would be much better.
    1. kris
      kris 16 February 2014 12: 02
      The author is completely off topic.
      She forgot about the main reason for finding the Vlaisk pindo camp in Korea.
      And pin dosam does not at all need a truce and unification on the Korean peninsula.
      And the reason is simple. Under the pretext of helping Korea, they have the opportunity to keep a serious military contingent near China.
    2. svp67
      svp67 16 February 2014 12: 19
      Quote: Jamal1974
      Without USA, the world would be much better.
      He would become more boring ...
      1. alone
        alone 16 February 2014 16: 55
        The joining of the North Caucasus and South Caucasus is, first of all, now unprofitable for the South itself. The South will have to invest huge sums in the North to pull the North out of the hole where the "Holy Korean Trinity" drove it. The South's economy may not withstand this and burst
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. siberalt
          siberalt 16 February 2014 19: 16
          Something that Germany did not burst after the accession of the GDR. Although there were problems.
        3. atalef
          atalef 16 February 2014 21: 44
          Quote: lonely
          The joining of the North Caucasus and South Caucasus is, first of all, now unprofitable for the South itself. The South will have to invest huge sums in the North to pull the North out of the hole where the "Holy Korean Trinity" drove it. The South's economy may not withstand this and burst

          In general, joining is not beneficial to anyone. Neither the South - why the hell is poverty for them, and even with 3 generations of Kims in their foreheads. The North does not need it either-- Kmov, where to put it? Who will they be in united Korea?
          China does not need this either - so it has a buffer.
          Therefore, minus the article, if you go out with such a pathos article - expand the topic wider, and not one of its narrowly focused aspects
          Write an article - why it’s not profitable for both Koreas to unite — let’s take a look.
          And then the people plus - such an impression yu. that no one knows the true reason.
          Pupsik where will she go in the new Korea?
          Do you really think that he will chop the branch on which he sits.
          Maybe of course he’ll chop a couple of bitches - for a barbecue - but this is from another opera. laughing
          1. internatio
            internatio 17 February 2014 00: 12
            Something your minus for the article is not there either. Or is that one yours?
            Then the question is: are both Korea ideologically equivalent? And in the DPRK, is politics also based on dollars?
            A little distraction: the tooth hurts - there is a reason. The unification of the two Koreas - ...
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 16 February 2014 07: 03
    I do not think that SOUTH KOREA will, in the event of a union with NORTH KOREA, want to raise the local people out of poverty.

    Unification is possible only on US conditions, which means we must renounce our sovereignty, which the Koreans will never agree to.
    1. Lantau
      Lantau 16 February 2014 07: 12
      I do not think that SOUTH KOREA will, in the event of a union with NORTH KOREA, want to raise the local people out of poverty.

      You think so in vain. Koreans have very strong family ties and no matter how ridiculous it was, but South Korea helps North Korea by sending them products. It’s just that it’s not advertised anywhere. And as for the unification, you know, it is very good for us in every (Russia) that there is North Korea. For, you and I do not need a US military base near our borders (Primorye). In addition, I live in Nakhodka !!!
      1. Vovka levka
        Vovka levka 16 February 2014 15: 06
        Quote: Lantau

        You think so in vain. Koreans have very strong family ties and no matter how ridiculous it was, but South Korea helps North Korea by sending them products.

        What is the essence of the state? The main point is that people would live better and easier. How do they live in South Korea and how do they live in North? And you have to ask yourself why?
        Someone indulges in geopolitics, while others have nothing to eat.
    2. avt
      avt 16 February 2014 09: 51
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      I do not think that SOUTH KOREA will, in the event of a union with NORTH KOREA, want to raise the local people out of poverty.

      You are deeply mistaken. From a political and economic point of view, the unification of the Koreans is beneficial and they themselves would have solved the issue, like China with the occupied territories - Hong Kong, Macau. It is a very complicated process, but quite possible.
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      Association is possible only on US conditions

      And here you are right, because South Korea is in fact an occupied country, like Japan, and like that, you live very well, they won’t leave there, just like with Formosa, there they really will keep tension with mainland China more subtly, sort of from the outside, the benefit is conveniently located in Japan and the same Korea.
    3. svp67
      svp67 16 February 2014 13: 17
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      I do not think that SOUTH KOREA will, in the event of a union with NORTH KOREA, want to raise the local people out of poverty.
      No one has yet spoken about the unification, they would have to get out of the state of war, that is, they would be reconciled ...
  3. AlexxxNik
    AlexxxNik 16 February 2014 07: 14
    being in 2010 in South Korea, after torpedoing their corvette supposedly by northerners, I found our translator, from Sakhalin Koreans, almost at war. the question was very tough, they were hysterical on TV 24 hours a day. immediately told him that they would ask their best "friends" the Americans, if anyone needed this attack, it was only them, which was later confirmed by the remains of the German torpedo. friends must be chosen carefully, some of them cannot be kicked out
  4. vlad.svargin
    vlad.svargin 16 February 2014 07: 24
    The real reason for the pressure and presence of the United States in Japan and South Korea is Russia and China. Apparently, our government has already begun to pay attention to this region. Russia should become more active in the Far East in strengthening industrial activity and defense capabilities and be an active mediator in the reconciliation of parts of the peninsula. And in every possible way to soften sanctions against North Korea, we do not need a hotbed of tension in the East. And in the future, the displacement of the US Armed Forces from this region, they will "knock out" the basis of their policy, the so-called "threat" from S. Korea
    1. internatio
      internatio 17 February 2014 00: 23
      I agree with you. But the warming of relations between the Russian Federation and the DPRK is not felt. Look at the statements of the DPRK Foreign Ministry, helps to understand the process. Therefore, a small and proud northern bird and dug in, and WMD acquired. And this already says a lot.
  5. Name
    Name 16 February 2014 08: 35
    The fact that Russia
    Quote: vlad.svargin
    ... must be activated in the Far East
    do not go to the "grandmother", but all the "show-offs" of the DPRK are directed no more than feed yourself ... and for again
  6. mr_Doom
    mr_Doom 16 February 2014 08: 47
    And I, then, thought that everything because of North Korea, or rather from Eun, was clear that in the event of a merger, his former compatriots would kill him. One time was a cool meme: South Korea, everyone drowns, a holiday of life, the northern march in formation.
  7. apro
    apro 16 February 2014 09: 03
    While the Americans in southern Korea, any rapprochement is impossible.
  8. Saburo
    Saburo 16 February 2014 10: 12
    I’ll probably say that the unification of Korea is not beneficial to anyone. Especially the DPRK. Unification, or even at least some kind of rapprochement, is impossible. I already wrote about this. Just think about the fact that the millionth KPA will instantly become unnecessary, or the fact that the factories that produce weapons and ammunition, which hundreds of thousands of Koreans work at, will also have to stop. South Korea with its high-tech production will never be able to create as many jobs.
    In short, the DPRK will exist for a very long time.
    1. internatio
      internatio 17 February 2014 00: 35
      I do not agree with you, but put a plus. Why? I give a chance to think about Old. The fantastic unification of the two parts of one people is the dream of the north. But for the well-fed southern bourgeois - this is a terrible dream. Northerners are not profitable to destroy the economy of the southerners, a single country needs such technologies, infrastructure.
      Among left-wing advocates, there is more respect for the DPRK than, for example, for Ukraine. Further thought intentionally do not develop.
  9. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 16 February 2014 10: 21
    Reconciliation between South and North Koreas is hindered primarily by the interests of Seoul and Pyongyang. And for the Americans, this situation is beneficial. Moreover, they do not make much effort to make this so-called. "reconciliation" did not take place. The Koreans themselves support this situation in limbo, since it is beneficial to them ...
    For reconciliation, the next step (and quite logical) should be the unification of the two Koreas. But this will not go either in the north or in the south of the Korean Peninsula. At least in the near and foreseeable future this will not happen ...
  10. mr_Doom
    mr_Doom 16 February 2014 10: 47
    It’s profitable for the Southerners, they would have had to spend money on raising the level of life in the north, but they would have received: minus one enemy, and in the event of an attack by China there is no war on two fronts, a sharp increase in the army, and a nice bonus for nuclear weapons (since they don’t no one will give).
  11. fktrcfylhn61
    fktrcfylhn61 16 February 2014 11: 05
    This America is like an eyesore! Really, not enough of her opponents will be gathered on the earth to cease its existence in such a form as it is! In any way similar to that used by her, or the purpose is justifying! And then, all her hangers-on would calm down automatically! In any nation, as they say, not without a freak! But if the policy of such a state is ugly, then all the regions are automatically united! And with the change of regime in the United States, they would have to disguise themselves and, as a result, would degenerate as a class! Just imagine how easier it would be for all normal people on earth to live! Opponents of freaks of all lands, Unite!
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. AGM-114
    AGM-114 16 February 2014 12: 19
    I propose to hang those who drag the politota here.
  14. delfinN
    delfinN 16 February 2014 13: 01
    Quote: Lantau
    I do not think that SOUTH KOREA will, in the event of a union with NORTH KOREA, want to raise the local people out of poverty.

    but South Korea helps North Korea by sending them products.

    according to the World Food Program, in 2013, approximately 5,1 million tons of grain were delivered to warehouses in the DPRK. This means that North Korea - for the first time in more than two decades - has been able to supply its entire population with its own production. We are talking about a very modest level, on the basis of a physiological minimum, but nevertheless it is considerable success.
  15. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 16 February 2014 13: 05
    Southerners are well aware that, having reunited with the DPRK, they receive 28 million mouths and a poor country in which a lot of money needs to be invested, much more than the FRG in the GDR in order to at least equal the living standards, and besides, the average South Korean does not want postpone your AIPAD, from which Mister PSI sounds, take an automatic rifle and go north to unite with incomprehensible "brothers" who can kill him (and many will do it with pleasure), and then pay money for their maintenance ...

    1. internatio
      internatio 17 February 2014 00: 51
      Dear Roman! 4/5 of the East Germans are so “fed up” with a united Germany that all the berries are still ahead.
      And most importantly on the Korean issue - in the title to the article. Plus the interests of the Great Empire of the Rising Sun.
  16. svp67
    svp67 16 February 2014 13: 19
    Please do not regard this as an advertisement, just of course it’s amazing at the level of graphics and honestly, I really like the train of thought of the authors ...
    1. Roman 1977
      Roman 1977 16 February 2014 13: 58
      Sergei watched the wonderful video with pleasure, just like World of Warplanes, however, not so it will be completely wrong ...
      DPRK Air Force:
      Fighters - 494, of which 40 are modern
      MiG-29-40 (5 MiG-29UB), all MiG-29s of the first export modification "9-12", delivered back in 1988. from the USSR, i.e. the youngest of them is 26 years old. How many of them can take to the air today is unknown. True, the North Koreans tried to organize the assembly of parts and assemblies of the MiG-29 fighters supplied by Russia. In total, they managed to assemble two MiG-1993s in 29, and the DPRK simply did not have enough funds for the further purchase of components in post-Soviet Russia.

      MiG-23-56 (modifications of the ML, P and UB) were delivered to the USSR at the beginning of the 80's, presumably 46 MiG-23ML and 10 MiG-23P.
      about 31 MiG-21 (30 MiG-21BIS-34 purchased in Kazakhstan in 1999).
      120 J-7 - Chinese copies of the Soviet MiG-21F-13; plus 40 F-7M Ergard - an improved export version of J-7 using Western technology.

      100 (according to some sources more than 100) J-6 and J-6C are Chinese copies of the MiG-19С, including their two-seat training modifications JJ-6;
      107 J-5- Chinese copies of the MiG-17F, including their educational version of the JJ-5;
      Attack Aviation - 178, of which modern 36
      80 light front-line (tactical) H-5 bombers - Chinese copies of the Soviet IL-28, the indicated number also includes naval torpedo bombers N-5T / Il-28T, in addition, there are a small number of tactical reconnaissance aircraft HZ-5 / Il -28P and training aircraft HJ-5 / UIL-28 - Mascot);
      36 Su-25 (4 Su-25UBK);

      40 attack aircraft Q-5- Chinese attack MiG-19S
      18 Su-7BMK plus, possibly, four training Su-7UMK

      Combat helicopters:
      20 (according to other 24 data) Mi-24;
      80 (according to some sources 86 - 87) Hughes-500MD light multipurpose helicopters

      1 AWACS aircraft based on An-24s mounted on it MiG-29 radar
      1. Roman 1977
        Roman 1977 16 February 2014 14: 35
        Training Aircraft-257
        30 MiG-21U and their Chinese copies of JJ-7;
        35 UTIMiG-15 (Midget, part of the machines was supplied by China, where they were manufactured under the designation JJ-2);

        12 L-39C Albatross
        180 CJ-6А (Chinese based on the Yak-18)
        Transport aircraft:
        3 IL-76TD,

        7 An-24В and An-24РВ,
        5 IL-14,
        at least 9 Lee-2,

        about 200 (according to other sources 160 An-2 of Polish production and 250 - Chinese) An-2 of Polish production and their Chinese copies Y-5.

        Air Korea’s Air Force reserve, which includes: 4 Il-62М, 3 Tu-204-300, 4 Tu-154Б and Tu-154Б-2, 2 Il-18, 2 Tu-134Б-XNN -3.
        Transport Helicopters:
        2-4 Mi-26T,
        17 Mi-17,

        15 Mi-8,
        48 Z-5-Chinese copies of the Soviet Mi-4 and a number of original Soviet Mi-4 (most likely in the anti-submarine version of the Mi-4M for naval aviation);

        139 Mi-2 Polish production.

        10 Mi-14 multipurpose amphibious helicopters in a separate marine helicopter squadron.
        As UAVs use remotely piloted piston reconnaissance aircraft of the Soviet production of the UAV-61 "Bumblebee-1"; Soviet operational-tactical unmanned reconnaissance reconnaissance aircraft BP-3 “Flight, as well as UAVs of their own production, created on the American target UAV MQM-107 Streaker, purchased in one of the countries of the Middle East, some of them were converted into attack ones.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  17. delfinN
    delfinN 16 February 2014 13: 28
    Marx Capital in 5 min.
  18. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 16 February 2014 14: 51
    American interests can be traced everywhere. The whole planet, right, is a zone of American interests. If you don’t spit, you will fall into American interests ... Interestingly, do my bathroom trips in the morning also affect American interests? If so, then I am flattered. And to be honest, it’s up to me personally ... for American interests, which I do with great pleasure every morning repeat
    And I advise this to others who have not yet sold out and have their own opinion and at least some self-esteem hi
  19. calocha
    calocha 16 February 2014 14: 54
    Separate and conquer! A striking example. South Korea is a US project. A bridgehead to deter objectionable in the region ... As soon as the warming of relations between the south and the north begins, the United States will provoke the closure of relations ... honey south and north. Otherwise, the bridgehead will be lost ...
  20. Uralets
    Uralets 16 February 2014 15: 18
    Each of the two Koreas wants to unite, while remaining "themselves". Or a single state of the DPRK, or a single - the Republic of Korea. The interests of the two countries collide, and as a result, no unification takes place, but on the contrary - confrontation, and this is beneficial for America, for obvious reasons.
  21. Arh
    Arh 16 February 2014 19: 18
    Usa constantly stick their nose kuda shortly thereafter, someday they will pinch their nose, so as not to be bad! ! ! )))
  22. konvalval
    konvalval 16 February 2014 21: 34
    The world would be completely different if no one ever intervened in internal affairs.
  23. internatio
    internatio 17 February 2014 01: 11
    If you recall recent history, the USSR helped the northern and very seriously. And there is no need to fantasize about the unification of the two countries - there are too many nuclear weapons of non-Korean origin among the southerners. No one will take him out. And according to the TNT equivalent, if you count it, you can destroy the northerners about 10 times. What reasonable decision is being debated about? Only after resolving the issue of nuclear safety of the entire peninsula can we bravely think about the unification of the two parts of Korea. To dream is not harmful ...