Wars are an integral part of human life, unfortunately. It always has been. And where there is war, there is the need to evacuate wounded soldiers from the battlefield and deliver them to the rear to provide them with the necessary honey. help. With the advent of cars and transporters in the army honey. units such assistance has become much faster, which saved the lives of many soldiers.
The equipment of military honey. units such technique, or lack thereof, speaks about the care of the state about their people.
Nowadays there are many variants of such equipment and you can compare its equipment and thoughtfulness of design solutions to better accomplish the tasks of military doctors.
First, I will talk about samples of such equipment of Soviet and Russian production, and then I want to go to the technology produced by foreign manufacturers, for comparison.
Let's start, perhaps, with light wheel technology, which works directly on the front. Next, we will move on to more complex samples. This is the leading edge conveyor (TPK) LUAZ-967. It was mass-produced by the Lutsk Automobile Plant from 1962 to 1991. Since the machine was designed to work in such conditions, the engineers made it as low as possible so that it could be covered literally “out of the blue” and managed to lie on it. The machine can carry two “stretcher” fighters at the same time, the stretchers are placed along the sides or the 5-6 are wounded while sitting. The conveyor has a plug-in four-wheel drive of all wheels with locking rear axle gear and a winch with a drive through a worm gear and belts driven by the engine. The winch on this machine is not for self-pulling, but in order to draw the wounded (on a raincoat, on a piece of tarpaulin or in a boat, drag) on a boat or on a raft through a water barrier (river, lake).
TPK LUAZ-967, appearance, driver's workplace, engine compartment
Also, the machine can independently overcome small water obstacles; the propellers on the water are its wheels, and has very good throughput on all types of roads and terrain.
Next comes the main "workhorse" of military medics - the UAZ, which is popularly called a "loaf" or "pill". This honored veteran of the military medical service is already released from 1958, and to this day is still in the ranks and regularly pulls its hard strap.
On the photo experienced UAZ-450
The first cars, which began to enter the SA from the autumn of 1958, were called UAZ-450А.
UAZ-450А, a fragment of the cabin
Later it began to be issued under the designation UAZ-452.
Nowadays, these hard workers wear the 3962 index and practically have not changed from the outside.
No wonder they say - appearances are deceptive. Inside for the 55 years they have changed and very seriously, mainly the changes affected the engine and transmission, a vacuum brake booster brake was also added. And on the latest modifications put power steering and disc brakes of the front wheels. Inside the cabin and san. more powerful heaters were installed in the compartment, the UAZ-450А and UAZ-452 machine heating was unsuccessfully designed and it was cold inside in severe frosts. The drivers often made the holes themselves in the recesses of the wings near the hood and another one on the wall between the cabin and the engine, so that the air would blow in from the cooling fan and oncoming air flow, then the car was warm. In the warm season, all this “farm” was compacted with rags and closed with improvised dampers.
There were repeated attempts to replace these machines with more modern models, but for a number of reasons they did not produce them. And the options were:
UAZ-3972. Development of the second half 80-x, appearance
This car, in addition to the new body, was supposed to get a new transmission. The development was conducted on the theme "Wagon".
UAZ-3972, salon and cabin
UAZ-2970, a new attempt to create a car of this class. Equip this car was planned hybrid transmission. In the photo - ready experienced car
By the way, engineers from the USA are working on it now.
UAZ-2970, driver's workplace
As for the working qualities of the basic and only mass-produced machines of this class to this day, the following can be said. On board, the “tablet” can take 5 injured fighters on stretchers or transport 2 stretchers and 4-6 people in a sitting position. It is possible that 8-10 people are taken on board. This car can move absolutely on all types of roads, including in difficult road conditions (sodden primer, snow drifts), as well as on the ground in conditions of moderate off-road (and after some technical modifications, equipped with a winch and ditching tools along with a jack such as high-jack, able to move in conditions of strong off-road). The engines are installed gasoline, both carburetor and injection (there are 8-cl. And 16-cl.), 4-x or 5-speed manual transmission, RC 2-x speed with a hard front axle connection.
The main shortcomings include a very tough short-stroke suspension (this problem was partially solved by installing longer sheets in the springs with fastening on the earrings and not on the pillows, as it was earlier), the absence of blocking in the gearboxes of the bridges, and the intense heat in the cabin and cabin summer time.
In general, this machine proved to be quite reliable, durable and unpretentious in operation.
To be continued