Military Review

China aircraft carrier program: shipbuilding and groundwork for the future

15
In mid-January, the Chinese leadership officially announced some details of the creation of the carrier fleet. This information was disclosed by Wang Ming, secretary of the Chinese Communist Party branch in Liaoning. According to the official, in the foreseeable future, the naval forces of the People's Liberation Army of China will receive four new ships with aviation group. The construction of the first of four new aircraft carriers will begin in the very near future.


Previously, various statements and actions of the Chinese leadership only indirectly confirmed the version of the existence of plans to build new aircraft carriers. Now there is an official confirmation of these guesses. China is really going to build aircraft carriers and aircraft for them. For the time being, in the plans of official Beijing, the expansion of the grouping of aircraft carriers to five ships, four of which are likely to perform various combat missions. From the previous statements of the Chinese leadership, it follows that the existing ship "Liaoning" will retain the status of the training.


Test of the first Chinese aircraft carrier "Liaoning" (ex- "Varyag") in the South Sea in May 2012, China (AP Photo / Xinhua, Li Tang)


The details of the project on which new ships will be built have not yet been announced. China has traditionally been in no hurry to disclose the details of its defense programs, and therefore one has to be content with the available information, as well as speculate. So, at the end of last year, information appeared that could to some extent confirm one of the existing versions. According to popular belief, the new Chinese aircraft carrier (or aircraft carriers) will be a modified Liaoning ship. However, the lack of information does not allow to speak about the correctness of such an assumption.

It should be noted that the version of the creation of a new project based on the only Chinese aircraft carrier at the moment has certain grounds. The fact is that China has no experience in building large-sized structures for such ships. The finished hull of the future Liaoning was purchased from Ukraine, and the Chinese shipbuilders slightly modified it, and then equipped it with weapons and the necessary equipment. Despite the lack of experience, Chinese shipbuilding is able to produce large structures for hulls of aircraft carriers. Wang Min said that not so long ago, large sections of hulls seen at the Dalian Shipyard and Jiangnan-Changxing Shipyard factories were built to ascertain the potential of the industry.


Towage through the Bosphorus Strait aircraft carrier Varyag, 1 November 2001 of the year. The cruiser was bought by a Chinese company based in Macau, from Ukraine. AFP PHOTO EPA / KERIM OKTEN


According to the Liaoninsky secretary of the CPC, it will take about six years to build the first of four planned aircraft carriers. Interestingly, the work on the completion and equipping of the aircraft carrier "Liaoning" also lasted about six years. In 2005, the unfinished ship purchased from Ukraine was put into dry dock by the Dalian Shipyard, and in the middle of the 2011, it entered sea trials. Thus, judging by the stated deadlines, during the work on the Liaoning aircraft carrier, the Chinese shipbuilding industry mastered a number of important technologies and gained experience that in the near future will allow building aircraft carriers in a relatively short time.

According to reports, the construction of the aircraft carrier Varyag, which was subsequently sold to China and received the name Liaoning, was completed at 65-67 percent. However, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the construction of the ship stopped and resumed only after it was transferred to China. Thus, in the second half of the two thousandth years, Chinese shipbuilders have done about a third of all the construction and equipment of an aircraft carrier. As part of the new aircraft carrier construction program, they will have to complete all 100% jobs in the same time. Apparently, the Chinese leadership has reasonable grounds to believe that the new ship will be built in six years.

The fact of the existence of several sections of aircraft carrier hulls manufactured by the two enterprises not only confirms the capabilities of the industry, but can also serve as evidence of the construction of two new aircraft carriers at once. However, the work was officially confirmed only at the Dalian factory. The construction of the aircraft carrier at the Shanghai shipyard, in turn, has not yet been officially confirmed.

Previously, there was information that China’s carrier program will be implemented in two phases. As part of the first Navy, the PLA will receive several aircraft carriers that are as similar as possible to the existing Liaoning. Aircraft carriers of the second stage, as expected, will have a different look: a larger displacement, larger dimensions of the aviation group, etc. According to the old information, the first stage of the program will be carried out before 2020-25, and the second will be completed no earlier than the end of the next decade. Official Beijing has not yet confirmed this information, but plans to build four Liaoning analogue ships fit into a similar scheme.

Thus, four new aircraft carriers will have a displacement of no more than 60 thousand tons, a total length of about 300 meters and a width of the order of 70-75 m. The ships will still be equipped with a steam turbine power plant, which will provide them with adequate running characteristics. The composition of the weapons and aviation group will be similar to the corresponding parameters of "Liaoning" or slightly different from it. The basis of the air group will be Shenyang J-15 fighter jets. In addition, the ships will be equipped with helicopters for various purposes. The number of J-15 fighter-bombers based on a single aircraft carrier is unlikely to exceed 25-30 units. Apparently, the new Chinese aircraft carriers will retain the architecture of the flight deck, typical of ships of this class of Soviet development. They must keep the take-off springboard in the bow, as well as the corner deck at the left side.


Shenyang J-15


Earlier in the context of the two phases of the implementation of the aircraft carrier program, it was mentioned that by the end of the twenties, China could build at least two new aircraft carriers with significant differences from the ships of the first stage. They can get a nuclear power plant, the development of which is already underway, an electromagnetic catapult and other units, typical of aircraft carriers of recent projects. However, for obvious reasons, it is too early to talk about the correctness of certain assumptions. Nevertheless, the version of the development of an electromagnetic catapult has the right to exist. At the end of January, satellite photos of a new Chinese test complex intended for training deck-based pilots appeared in free access. The photographs showed equipment that can be considered a prototype of an electromagnetic catapult with a length of guides about 100 meters.

As we see, behind the official statements of Chinese officials, several serious projects are “hiding” that can reveal their real intentions. Already, the Chinese defense industry is preparing to create new aircraft carrier projects that will not be a modified copy of the Liaoning spacecraft. One can only guess how exactly new ships with nuclear reactors and electromagnetic catapults will be able to influence the military-political situation in the Pacific region.


On the materials of the sites:
http://janes.com/
http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/
http://lenta.ru/
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
http://vpk-news.ru/
Author:
15 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Uralets
    Uralets 17 February 2014 08: 22
    +14
    Well done Chinese! What else to say...
    1. Arberes
      Arberes 17 February 2014 09: 50
      +15
      Quote: Uralets
      Well done the Chinese!

      I agree. What I especially like about the Chinese is that they say little and do a lot! Go their own way and develop!
      1. huut
        huut 17 February 2014 11: 53
        +2
        Probably in 50's they also spoke about Americans - well done, damn it, they go their own way, they are doing things! What didn’t they say?)
        Who could know that in fifty years they would be cursed everywhere.

        Admirers of Chineseness, are you sure we should admire them?)
        I don’t like their achievements - the next hegemon is growing by the side, and the hegemons like to throw fortels from the height of their greatness.
        Just some regular worship looms, only before it was in front of the West, and now in front of the East. Such a road should be more alarming than fascinating. And the fact that their interests so far lie in a different plane does not mean that the plane cannot change.

        Let's admire Brazil and extol it - it is far away, our paths will not soon intersect)
        1. loft79
          loft79 17 February 2014 12: 13
          +6
          Quote: huut
          I don’t like their achievements.

          I don’t like it either. But this does not negate the fact that the Chinese fellows, as mentioned above, speak little and do a lot. Unfortunately, we have the opposite.
        2. Arberes
          Arberes 17 February 2014 12: 30
          +9
          Quote: huut
          Admirers of Chineseness, are you sure we should admire them?)

          They should not be admired, but an example should be taken from them!
          Isn’t my friend ??? hi
          What I actually wanted to tell here!

          Quote: huut
          I don’t like it either. But this does not negate the fact that the Chinese fellows, as mentioned above, speak little and do a lot. Unfortunately, we have the opposite.

          Absolutely true! drinks
      2. AVV
        AVV 17 February 2014 13: 16
        0
        Quote: Arberes
        Quote: Uralets
        Well done the Chinese!

        I agree. What I especially like about the Chinese is that they say little and do a lot! Go their own way and develop!

        And along the way, steal new technologies and samples of new technology, but with a comp. networks, it has become easier and faster !!! Maybe we need to create a system for searching for new technologies and inventions in automatic mode, specialists will only need to select the best, and the rest will be dumped !!! Maybe it already exists ???
      3. samoletil18
        samoletil18 17 February 2014 16: 55
        +3
        Quote: Arberes
        Go their own way and develop!

        And a floating brothel can quickly be converted into an aircraft carrier, if necessary. Well, nothing, the USA was very eager to destroy the USSR. Well, let China think of what to do with a strengthened China. And to the heap, Russia is growing stronger.
      4. Santa Fe
        Santa Fe 17 February 2014 22: 37
        +4
        Quote: Arberes
        Go their own way and develop!

        Dear, what’s yours! request
        In terms of the development of the Navy, the Chinese whalers copy the US Navy
    2. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 17 February 2014 12: 05
      -1
      Quote: Uralets
      Well done Chinese! What else to say...

      1. huut
        huut 17 February 2014 12: 27
        +7
        Quote: And Us Rat

        Are you here hotbeds of tension or something?) It is hard to believe that this is a call to a sober judgment.

        It is not known how serious this card is, maybe another fake, like a bone thrown to radicals on both sides.

        And there aren’t any maps where Syria is everywhere to Egypt?)
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 17 February 2014 21: 28
          +1
          Quote: huut
          Quote: And Us Rat

          Are you here hotbeds of tension or something?) It is hard to believe that this is a call to a sober judgment.

          It is not known how serious this card is, maybe another fake, like a bone thrown to radicals on both sides.

          And there aren’t any maps where Syria is everywhere to Egypt?)

          Yes, that’s why we more soberly assess the geopolitical areas, and NEVER forget the lessons of the past - friend today, and tomorrow suddenly... I had a classmate in Russia, a good friend - his father died in Damanskoye. And for the words - "Chinese brothers" immediately got into a fight. It is worth considering. hi
          1. Insectid
            Insectid 17 February 2014 21: 40
            +1
            Quote: And Us Rat
            And for the words - "Chinese brothers" immediately got into a fight. It is worth considering.

            Why not think about it. Here is another card. Only on it is no longer arabye, but the same Chinese.
            Why "minus" on the sly and into the bushes. However, I don't expect an answer, I don't even need an answer. You have such a nature.
            1. And Us Rat
              And Us Rat 17 February 2014 21: 46
              +2
              And what is there to think about, the PRC has long crushed half of Africa for itself, this is not a secret.
              Passed by, your petty malice, and the answer below - read, enjoy.
              And for "such a nature" catch another minus, for what? For the fact that you are Natsik, "such a nature."
      2. Insectid
        Insectid 17 February 2014 21: 03
        +2
        How is this card different from this one? Wishlist "billion" cross-eyed and dreamers "hypersioniчtov ".
        And "nasrati" will rejoice like idi.oty, if there are any conflicts in the world, just to get away from their borders.
        This is a distraction from their own plans to seize lands that do not belong to them, and the opportunity to sell weapons to anyone who is only willing to pay for it.
        And on what only did you bite such shoulder straps?
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 17 February 2014 21: 37
          0
          I got out again about the cockroach, I apologize - insect ID. I have no desire to argue with you, do not judge people by yourself. I honestly feel sorry for you, it’s probably terrible to live when your inner world is built on negativity and malice. You are an unhappy person. Catch here a photo - imbued with beauty, maybe it will break through, maybe not everything is still lost for you.
          sad

    3. Su24
      Su24 18 February 2014 01: 39
      0
      According to popular belief, the new Chinese aircraft carrier (or aircraft carriers) will be a modified Liaoning ship


      Who would doubt that)) But the plans for 7 AB by 2030 are surprising, of course.
      1. And Us Rat
        And Us Rat 18 February 2014 02: 44
        0
        Quote: Su24
        According to popular belief, the new Chinese aircraft carrier (or aircraft carriers) will be a modified Liaoning ship


        Who would doubt that)) But the plans for 7 AB by 2030 are surprising, of course.

        Before 2030, another 16 years, taking into account the PRC's production and mobilization resource and the amount of financial reserves (1 in the world), they are quite capable of riveting them in the presence of ready-made drawings in 6 years, 1 shipyards will be built in 7 and 5 in the remaining 7 years AB, working on 24 hours a day. This is of course hypothetically, since it is economically expensive, but if they are pressed .... and they are already pressed slowly.
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. moremansf
    moremansf 17 February 2014 12: 59
    +4
    The fact that China speaks little and does a lot can not disagree ... the pace of creating new types of weapons and equipment, albeit copied, cannot but attract attention ... but also discount the appearance of such a military in the East Asian region potential, taking into account the growth of its national economy, cannot but alarm ... History has quite a few facts when, after an excessive increase in the armed forces, there was a significant redistribution of influences on the further development of the region and territorial claims (disputed with Japan islands to it) ... especially since all this happens directly at our eastern borders ...
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 18 February 2014 02: 54
      0
      Quote: moremansf
      With the fact that China says little, but does a lot, one cannot but agree ... the pace of creating new types of weapons and equipment, albeit copied ...

      Absolutely right! And the fact that the technique is copied is not important three times as long as it is effective and achieves its goals, moreover, by copying, they save enormous resources on development, resources - which are freed up for production. The Chinese were smarter than everyone - they spit on questions of prestige and accusations of plagiarism, because in the world there are 2 unshakable rules.
      THE GAME IS RESULTING - no matter how you tried, it is important what you have achieved.
      WINNERS WRITE HISTORY - if China seizes domination in the world, in 50 years no one will remember about copying technologies, everyone will be familiar only with "Chinese victorious achievements", how many people today remember how many achievements Europe and USA and Russia have copied from other nations over the past 500 years , or to whom does hyper-tech Japan owe its achievements? That's it, that's it. request
  5. xomaNN
    xomaNN 17 February 2014 15: 34
    +2
    China presents another surprise wink From the series "Student surpass the teacher!" Such a Navy should be in allies, and certainly not in enemies. am
  6. biglow
    biglow 17 February 2014 15: 40
    -3
    all that is described in the article, china can only be realized if it can steal the necessary technologies, but it is more difficult for them to do it every year ... With metallurgy, they are straining, nuclear energy is all based on Soviet developments. They cannot even make a catapult. ...
    1. klim44
      klim44 17 February 2014 16: 35
      +4
      Believe it or not, in our country "all atomic energy is based on Soviet developments. We cannot even make a steam catapult ourselves"
      1. biglow
        biglow 17 February 2014 18: 50
        -2
        any technology has source codes, nothing is born from scratch, but China has not been able to create anything of its own for 60 years already. And first of all, an engineering school, and you can’t far cope with copy paste
        1. biglow
          biglow 17 February 2014 20: 11
          0
          Quote: biglow
          any technology has source codes, nothing is born from scratch, but China has not been able to create anything of its own for 60 years already. And first of all, an engineering school, and you can’t far cope with copy paste

          minusers where there is a Chinese engineering school, they can’t even copy our aircraft according to ready-made drawings ....
          Any sophisticated equipment that is commissioned by European companies to produce later in Europe has to be finished, all the slavery that they do everything is very cheap and do not bother with the environment laughing
  7. tank74
    tank74 17 February 2014 17: 15
    +2
    And why doesn’t anyone ask what kind of colonies China aircraft carriers will drive? Everyone understands that they are needed.
    1. biglow
      biglow 17 February 2014 18: 48
      -1
      China has claims to all countries it borders with except Russia
      1. voliador
        voliador 17 February 2014 20: 28
        +3
        This means nothing. Today there are no complaints, and tomorrow the appetite will increase and they will appear!
  8. Puffed up
    Puffed up 17 February 2014 19: 59
    +2
    The Chinese are purposefully preparing for war with Russia. They hate us, despise us and do not hide it much. In addition, they believe that we captured Siberia and the Far East more than 100 years ago. So if we do not change the policy and continue in the same vein, war is inevitable.
    1. biglow
      biglow 17 February 2014 20: 13
      -3
      China, even Vietnam is too tough or Taiwan ... They don’t even think about Russia. The Chinese have never fought outside of China in their history ....
      1. voliador
        voliador 17 February 2014 20: 37
        +3
        You have four stars, my dear, but reason like a kindergartener. Take off your pink glasses, look into the eyes of reality!
        1. biglow
          biglow 17 February 2014 22: 15
          0
          at least 10 stars ... Cons without comment is usually the lack of arguments ..
          Read the history of China, they lost to everyone with whom they tried to fight ... The Great Mughals captured China with insignificant forces ... Chinese and then there were many. But China is not monolithic, they do not even have a single language, north and south speak different dialects, they understand each other only at the level of hieroglyphs.
          Any mess can lead to conflicts within the country, now all this is suppressed by force, but when the grip loosens, problems can begin ....
  9. biglow
    biglow 17 February 2014 22: 32
    +3
    minusers are all minus and the arguments are usually zero. You would have read better about the Sino-Vietnamese conflict, there was an article on the site ... The Chinese drove their soldiers into battle with troops, the Chinese killed their commanders and were captured by Vietnamese units, plus the complete loss of command and control even in such a local border conflict. .. To this day there is no accurate data on the Chinese losses and what do you think during this time the psychology of people has changed.
    Or do you think that all these mountains of weapons will fight on their own .. laughing
    1. Vilor
      Vilor 17 February 2014 23: 48
      +1
      You are right, right. My pluses to you. I have a different, technical question. Everybody says that our Admiral Kuznetsov is a 'non-aircraft carrier'. There are no AWACS aircraft on it, the aircraft cannot take off with a full load. But the Chinese are going to build four of exactly the same aircraft carriers. I also have a question, can their copies of the Su-33 take off with a full load? I doubt it. So what will their aircraft carriers be good for then? The question of the experience of construction and operation, I do not deny, but can they be called full-fledged combat units? And then Kuznetsov hayut, and the Chinese aircraft carriers are praising.
      1. biglow
        biglow 18 February 2014 14: 21
        0
        Quote: Vilor
        You are right, right. My pluses to you. I have a different, technical question. Everybody says that our Admiral Kuznetsov is a 'non-aircraft carrier'. There are no AWACS aircraft on it, the aircraft cannot take off with a full load. But the Chinese are going to build four of exactly the same aircraft carriers. I also have a question, can their copies of the Su-33 take off with a full load? I doubt it. So what will their aircraft carriers be good for then? The question of the experience of construction and operation, I do not deny, but can they be called full-fledged combat units? And then Kuznetsov hayut, and the Chinese aircraft carriers are praising.

        this is obvious, because they themselves can not do anything else and they can not copy an American or any other ship. The same applies to the entire infrastructure. Copying does not make it clear why this or that technological solution was used in this or that case or why such an alloy was used in one part and a completely different one in the neighboring part ... Reverse engineering allows you to see the device but does not make it possible to understand why and why everything has been done this way and not otherwise ... And the Chinese have not created over 60 years of their engineering school, no matter what ....
  10. svskor80
    svskor80 18 February 2014 05: 41
    0
    If they slap copies, at the moment, obviously not of the advanced design of the Varyag, then they will only get on financially, but there will be little sense. Another thing is that it is not clear how Russia sees itself in the world's oceans, as a powerful power, or just coastal defense. The construction of aircraft carriers is postponed, ships capable of fighting aircraft carrier groups are not being laid either, apparently again the emphasis is on missile weapons. Cheap and cheerful and you can get it anywhere in the world. Well, if Russia turns out to be weak enough, then there will be simply an unimaginable number of people willing to tear off pieces from us. We cannot be weak by definition.
  11. twviewer
    twviewer 18 February 2014 07: 16
    +1
    Quote: svskor80
    again emphasis on missile weapons. You can get cheap and cheerful anywhere in the world.


    a hypothetical opportunity to hammer into a void, will never replace the opportunity to hammer here and now, and even at the right time and place.
  12. Zomanus
    Zomanus 22 February 2014 19: 17
    0
    Well done Chinese. And the carrier group is being built. And not one. And anti-ship ballistic missiles are designed and made. It’s not they who become stronger, we don’t keep up with them. And if our state continues to treat its citizens as it is now, soon Tajiks will have to recruit Tajiks in the Strategic Rocket Forces.