I. Against migrants and against the EU
A referendum called “Against Mass Immigration”, initiated by Schweizerische Volkspartei (Swiss People’s Party), was recently held in Switzerland. After counting the votes, it turned out that 50,4% of Swiss people want to return to the quota system for migrants. The constitution will now be amended. Restrictions primarily affect the workforce from the EU, against which the SNP. The party believes that the country cannot host 80 thousands of foreigners a year, who take jobs from the Swiss.
The SNP cites data showing that the number of migrants makes up almost one fifth of the total population of Switzerland (that is, combined with migrants). There are almost two million foreigners in the country, plus eight million inhabitants. Party members do not want unemployment to increase in their home country. Well, and something else they don’t want: half of the crimes committed in the country fall on just 20% of migrants.
In 2009, the same Swiss People’s Party initiated a referendum on a ban on the construction of minarets in the country. 59% voted in favor.
The Swiss are well aware: the annual influx of migrants into the country will inevitably lead not only to an increase in unemployment (today it is low - only 3,2%), but also to social instability. Here you and guest workers, and criminals, and excessive pressure on the entire infrastructure, not designed for so many people.
But news from France. A real blow to the free movement of the labor force to and fro in the EU will soon be delivered by Marine Le Pen - the very one that opposes the existence of the European Union, but goes with this slogan ... to the European Parliament.
Her parties - the “National Front” - are predicting a victory in the elections to the European Parliament this year. The rating of nationalists is higher than that of the French socialists. Against the background of the low rating of Hollande and his unpopular decisions, as well as against the background of the economic crisis, the National Front Party is confidently moving towards a political victory. For it stands Alain Delon, at the same time not endorsing homosexual marriage.
"National Front" - the ultra-right party. She opposes the dominance of migrants, for national identity and against the authorities of European institutions. The values of the traditional family are another “fad” of the party. In contrast to the destructive activity of F. Hollande, who split the country in half due to the laws of the "blue" and because of following in the wake of the EU, the policy of Marin Le Pen seems to many French unifying.
As Switzerland (having relations with the EU through special treaties, but not in the Union), so also France (the EU member) clearly demonstrates to supranational rulers that their time may soon be at the dump stories.
Ii. For independence
The other day, Mr. Cameron once again explained to the Scots that Britain should be united and indivisible. Moreover, he found an original idea for the performance: it turns out that Britain is united by nothing else than the national Scottish product - whiskey.
Cameron put forward a weighty (or rather heavy) economic argument: London is promoting Scotch whiskey around the world. “Together we are stronger and, among other things, we can successfully sell our products around the world. Such as Scotch whiskey. No matter where I was - in India or China - there is not a single meeting at which I would not talk about the merits of our whiskey. Of course, the first minister of Scotland is doing everything to achieve this (obtaining sovereignty), but as part of the United Kingdom together we have the best chances at the negotiating table, in overcoming trade barriers and making deals. As a result, Scotch whiskey brings in every second 135 pounds of profit to the total British budget, ”the prime minister quoted as saying correspondent RIA "Novosti" Denis Voroshilov.
David Cameron said this at the Olympic Stadium in London. He stated: "We want you to stay." According to him, "the whole of Great Britain will be greatly weakened," if Scotland decides to secede, the correspondent writes "BBC".
“This decision is the prerogative of those who live in Scotland. I am convinced that it is in their interests to remain in the United Kingdom, ”said the prime minister.
Judging by a recent poll, the BBC notes that the number of Scots who want to vote for independence has reached 29%. However, 41% of respondents favor an alliance with England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The frequent speeches of Cameron and his associates on Scotland are understandable. In the case of popping economic English sticks into the financial Scottish wheels Edinburgh will easily forgive the British part of the joint public debt. Edinburgh will also abandon the Trident nuclear submarine base. In the event of a victory in the referendum, Salmond intends to remove nuclear weapons from an independent territory and prohibit them constitutionally. Scotland will be declared a nuclear-free zone.
The first minister had previously lucidly explained to the Scots, British and the whole world community that when independence was achieved his country would devour 95% from the oil and gas reserves of the UK - while observing the currently practiced principle of equidistance from the middle line (talking about the North Sea shelves).
Salmond's arguments are very sensitive, and Cameron is afraid of them.
And after Scotland, independence will be talked about in Northern Ireland and in Wales. However, they have been talking about this for a long time. London, as they say, "in shock." No wonder the same Salmond discovered in Cameron’s recent speech nothing but panic ...
They look at the Scots from warm Catalonia ... no, not the Spaniards, but the Catalans. They have autonomy, but this is not enough for them. On November 2014, a referendum on the independence of Catalonia is scheduled. Two questions will be put on the plebiscite: “Do you want Catalonia to become a state?” And “If you want, do you want Catalonia to become an independent state?”
The authorities in Madrid do not want this referendum and, of course, do not recognize its results - the constitution, they say, does not allow. Back in September last year, Madrid refused Barcelona to hold a referendum aimed at "self-determination". The government of M. Rahoy is also scared of the Scots: an independent Scotland will not join the EU, because Spain will veto it. And with the economy outside the EU there will be problems. He does not want Raha to give his Catalan Scottish example! But whose cow would moo ... In Spain, the crisis will soon lead to a complete bankruptcy of the state. Because the Catalans and advocate secession from Spain. Catalonia accounts for about a fifth (19%) of Spain’s GDP. At the same time 7,2 million people live in Catalonia, i.e. 16% of the population of Spain.
Spain is shaking and because of the Basque Country.
In Bilbao - the administrative center of the province of Biscay - in January, the one hundred thousandth march of the Basque separatist organization ETA (ETA, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, Basque Country and Freedom) took place. The marchers demanded a mitigation of the prison regime for their activists on camera. More than two years ago, ETA ceased the deadly tactics of explosions and murders of officials and policemen, which lasted for forty years (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna was created in 1959-1962). This organization, which seeks the separation of the Basque Country from Spain and the creation of the state of Euskadi, is responsible for the death of more than eight hundred people, not to mention material damage.
Despite the fact that since the time of Franco, who banned the Basque language, the latter received the status of the state, and the province - the status of autonomy, local radicals demand secession from Spain.
Economists have already counted everything: if the Basque Country and Catalonia are separated from Spain, Spanish GDP will shrink by at least 25%.
At VO, we already wrote about separatism in Belgium. Briefly recall the main "centrifugal trends."
Flemish nationalists, after winning local elections in Flanders (autumn 2012), put forward an ultimatum to the government: they demanded that the country be turned into a confederation. The leader of the New Flemish Alliance party, Bart de Wever, who received an 38% vote in Antwerp, said that the party "became the largest party in Flanders after the Second World War" and "received a vote of confidence from the Flemish to overcome the economic and political crisis." The Flemish politician stressed that with French-speaking Wallonia as part of Belgium, he was not on the path: "We have two cultures and two democracies ... Our nationalism is not a goal, but a means of moving towards our own democracy in Flanders."
The theme of South Tyrol, which does not wish to consider itself part of sunny Italy, periodically rises in the press. About two years ago it came to the point that the authorities of Bolzano made an offer to Rome, which he would never “refuse”. It is clear that the time of crisis for such proposals is the most suitable.
The head of the economic council of South Tyrol, Bolzano administration adviser Thomas Widman, in 2012, applied to Rome with a proposal for fifteen billion euros. It was this amount that the official estimated the independence of the region. Argument for "redemption" served the fact that for the Italian authorities “autonomous status is an empty sound”. Italy's debt is measured by an insane number of 1,9 trillion. euro, but of this amount, the province’s debt is just 15 billion. And Widman offered Rome for the money “to guarantee full autonomy to Bolzano”.
Yes, this time is not about independence. And yet the separatist tendency, which only intensified with the crisis, is obvious. Moreover, in addition to the Italian crisis, South Tyrol does not like corruption, which has enmeshed the entire Italian south. And what are the Italians from the Tyroleans? .. At the same time, the region's economy is stable: there are power stations, there is tourism, unemployment there is extremely low compared to other Italy. In the South Tyrol parliament, nationalists have considerable weight.
Fighters for independence are found even in Greenland.
Who lives there, in this snowy desert, once called the “Green Country”? Nine-tenths of the population of Greenland consists of Eskimos. The rest, whose opinion can be ignored, are called Danes. The oil of the Arctic Ocean today does not give rest to many, including the indigenous Greenlanders.
Greenland was included in the borders of Denmark in 1953, following the abolition of the last colonial status of the island. In 1979, Greenland gained autonomy within Denmark, and in 1985, it even withdrew from the EEC, creating a very special precedent. In the crisis 2008, after the expression of the Eskimos, the autonomy was expanded (the new “Island Management Act” entered into force in the 2009 year). Extended autonomy has its own government, parliament, flag, police, courts. But there is no army on the island. But all the money from the sale of mined minerals (from gold and diamonds to uranium) do not go to Denmark, but remain on the island. Well, the projected oil deposits in the ocean - the last reason to get independence. Or, at least, even wider autonomy - although it is not clear where it is wider.
True, the other day, scientists explained that Greenland would not be economically independent of Denmark.
As Andrei Evplanov writes ("Russian newspaper"), Professor at the University of Copenhagen, Mink Rosing, who led a group of Scandinavian research scientists, explained that the exploitation of natural resources is important for Greenland, but this is not enough. According to him, several large mines will operate in full only by 2040 year: the island does not have the infrastructure necessary for the exploitation of deposits. The mineral resources of southern Greenland are not enough to be the only source of income. Cairn Energy, which has been drilling offshore in recent years, has not discovered commercial reserves of gas and oil.
However, Greenland’s Prime Minister Aleka Hammond (the first woman to take the post of Greenland’s Prime Minister and the leader of the Forward Party) said that Greenland could declare full independence in the coming years.
By the way, the central thesis of the election campaign of the “Forward” party in 2013 was the development of mineral resources. The ruling socialist party in the country spoke in favor of allowing foreign companies, mainly Chinese, to work in the mining industry, and “Forward” did not approve of this. This suggests a parallel with the Swiss, who are actively opposing the migrant labor force ... In addition, the previous government suffered a fiasco because of the veil of secrecy that is being thrown on industry projects for the extraction of mineral resources. People do not like secrets.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
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