Military Review

As the Americans first flew into space

59
Although NASA selected the first astronauts for space flight back in 1959 year, States could not get ahead of the Soviet Union. 12 April 1961 was the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin, and the Americans flew a month later.


Initially, the test team consisted of 110 pilots. NASA immediately eliminated men above 180 cm (they would not fit in the cabin of the ship) and older than 40 years. Then they were selected according to the following criteria: a candidate must be a qualified pilot, have at least 1500 hours of flight, a compulsory bachelor's degree and excellent health. Each of the remaining 32 people underwent a series of grueling physical, psychological and emotional tests. Each was placed in extreme conditions of heat and cold, as well as strong vibrations and noise characteristic of a rocket launch. After all the tests, 7 people remained, with no medical contraindications that NASA could recommend. The list was announced at the beginning of April 1959, with Malcolm Carpenter, Leroy Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Walter Schirra, Donald Slayton and Alan Shepard. Over the next few months, the press followed every step of this team, eagerly awaiting who would be America’s first astronaut. And only in February 1961, NASA announced that Alan Shepard would fly into space, and Gus Grissom was appointed as the backup crew astronaut.


Photo of the Earth, taken from the board of Freedom 7


Cosmonaut preparation for flight

The flight of the spacecraft "Mercury-Redstone 3" was the second manned flight into space and the first - for the United States.

For three days before the flight, the pilot lived in a separate apartment on Cape Canaveral. He had everything necessary for life: a comfortable bed, TV, radio, newspapers and, of course, personal space. The astronaut was protected from the attention of the curious public, and the apartment also had a certain degree of protection against vectors of infectious diseases.

The astronaut was assigned a strict diet and provided with a personal chef. The report stated that the menu was compiled by “Miss Beatrice Finklestein of the Aerospace Medical Laboratory. The diet is delicious and nutritious. " Here is an example of breakfast: orange juice - 4 ounces; semolina - 1 portion; scrambled eggs from two eggs; 1 white bread toast; crispy bacon - 2-3 pieces; butter - 1 h. spoon; strawberry jam - 1 Art. spoon; coffee with sugar - unlimited. The list of dishes has not changed. The cook prepared several servings, one for an astronaut, several for other people, and another portion was put in a fridge for 24 hours to conduct research if the astronaut had problems with the digestive tract.

NASA recommended the astronauts go to bed early, but this requirement was not strict. It is known that on the eve of the flight, Alan Shepard went to sleep in 22.15 and had not seen dreams that night. It was forbidden to drink coffee during the day before the flight because of its stimulating and diuretic effect.


Alan Shepard aboard Freedom 7 before launch


Flight of "Mercury"

The flight of Americans is more like a "jump" into space. The Redstone launch vehicle could not reach the first cosmic velocity and go into Earth orbit, the flight was suborbital. The device rose to a height of 187 km and landed back, the entire flight took 15 and a half minutes. Americans believe that if NASA did not listen to Von Braun, Shepard would fly 24 in March and thus become the first person in space instead of Gagarin.

On the day of the flight, Shepard awoke in 1: 10 nights and proceeded with the usual procedures. After breakfast with co-pilot Grissom Shepard went for a medical examination. Biosensors were connected to his body, the places for which were pre-marked on the skin. In 5: 15, the astronaut was already on the take-off site and sat in the capsule of the spacecraft. The size of the "Mercury" was 1,9 m in diameter and almost 3 m in height. Inhabited compartment was no more than a fighter aircraft cabin. Two movie cameras watched the flight: one shot the dashboard, and the second - the astronaut's face. In addition, unlike the Soviet "East", there was no porthole in the "Mercury".

NASA technician Schmitt helped Alan close the hatch, shaking his gloved hand with the words: "Happy landing, Commander!" Later, Alan said that it was the most dramatic moment that he remembered to the smallest detail the rest of his life. Heartbeat increased, but Shepard quickly calmed down. In 6: 25, he began breathing pure oxygen to prevent air embolism or decompression sickness.

Start "Mercury" postponed several times. Over 15 minutes before the start, the sky was covered with clouds, visibility dropped dramatically. Weather forecasters promised clarification within an hour, so Shepard relaxed, looking at the periscope. When this problem was resolved, another trouble happened - one of the IBM 7090 computers in Maryland failed, which required restarting the system. Waiting for the start was delayed for another two hours.

Shepard was in the cockpit for more than four hours, and in the end he wanted to relieve a little need. Starting team is worried. There is, of course, no toilet in the cabin, because it was assumed that the flight would take 15 minutes without any delay. In the spacesuit installed a lot of electronic sensors, and from the moisture circuit can occur. What a shame for the United States if the first American astronaut died during a launch from a circuit in his own urine! After a brief meeting, Shepard was allowed to go over the need for a spacesuit, after turning off the power. Fortunately, everything worked out - the liquid was absorbed in the laundry, and the contacts were not affected.

The long-awaited launch of "Mercury" occurred at 14: 34 GMT. At this time, all of America froze: traffic stopped on the streets, work was interrupted in all institutions. More than 70 of millions of Americans watched a live broadcast from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral.

The entire flight was calculated in seconds and went according to plan. Starting with 45 seconds, the launch vehicle with the astronaut began to shake violently. Shepard was prepared for this, but the vibration was so strong that he could not read the instrument readings. But it soon fell, so that the astronaut was again able to distinguish the data. The pressure in the cockpit was set according to plan, and, having experienced overloads in 6 g in the second minute after the start, Shepard was finally able to declare that all systems were working normally.

Redstone's stage separated on 142 second, and the capsule accelerated to 8 thousand km / h. The trajectory deviated from the course by just one degree. Outside, the plating temperature reached 104 degrees Celsius, and inside it was comfortable at 32 degrees. After 3 minutes of flight, Shepard proceeded to manual control. He rejected the nose of the capsule in different directions, rotated the ship along the axis. I looked through the periscope and enjoyed the beautiful views, gauging distances by eye. Through the clouds, Shepard could clearly discern the outlines of the mainland, the west coast of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. He saw Lake Okeechobee in central Florida, but could not identify a single city.


Start the MR-3. 5 May 1961 of the year


Mission Complete

“Mercury” rose to the maximum height of 187 km, and after 5 minutes 10 seconds from the start of the start, the brake motors worked. During braking, the astronaut tried to see the stars, but did not even see the horizon. Then he said that these useless attempts had distracted him from the main task, and these seconds were the only ones during the entire flight when he did not control the situation. However, the feeling of indecision quickly passed. Weightlessness ended a minute earlier than expected, and the overload increased to 11.6 g. As soon as she began to decline, Shepard transferred the ship to automatic control.

"Mercury" was falling to the water at a speed of 11 m / s, at this time, Alan Shepard was preparing for landing. When the unit splashed down in 130 km east of Grand Bahama Island, it was already waiting for rescue helicopters. Freed from the suit, the astronaut left the ship, and half an hour after landing, Shepard was invited to the phone. He was phoned by President Kennedy, who watched the entire landing process on TV and personally congratulated Alan on the first space flight.

The cosmonaut was immediately surrounded by doctors to find out his condition and ask how he survived the flight with overloads and weightlessness. Some physiologists believed that even a few minutes in weightlessness could cause disorientation. But Shepard said that 5 minutes passed in zero gravity unnoticed, and he did not find any consequences. This is evidenced by how perfectly the astronaut coped with the manual control. Later it turned out that during the flight Shepard had damaged his hearing, and he was removed from space tests for several years.


Flight diagram
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59 comments
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  1. JonnyT
    JonnyT 13 February 2014 08: 44
    +22
    Window dressing! Kennedy amused his and senatorial pride. They do not need practical benefits, but ratings!
    1. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 13 February 2014 10: 33
      +35
      As the author correctly said, this is a jump, not a flight into space!
    2. Olegovich
      Olegovich 13 February 2014 13: 25
      +15
      This is not a flight into space, but a strained "jump" in wet pants! lol
    3. Kapitan Oleg
      Kapitan Oleg 13 February 2014 14: 42
      +9
      Yes rating, albeit in pissed pants ..
      1. 0255
        0255 13 February 2014 19: 42
        +6
        It’s good that he was not the first to fly into space, otherwise Gagarin would be the second after a 15-minute jump in a wet suit
        Thanks to von Braun for his advice, thanks to which the first space flight was transferred from March 24 drinks
        1. Fedya
          Fedya 13 February 2014 23: 16
          +2
          I don’t understand why. Indos call their astronauts! Did they visit a bunch of stars ?! Well, except earthly ones.
          1. pawel1961
            pawel1961 14 February 2014 00: 24
            +1
            I agree completely
          2. Horde
            Horde 14 February 2014 07: 26
            +1
            Quote: Fedya
            I don’t understand why. Indos call their astronauts! Did they visit a bunch of stars ?! Well, except earthly ones.


            from a blow to the forehead, the stars burn ... laughing
    4. The comment was deleted.
  2. Lk17619
    Lk17619 13 February 2014 08: 45
    +13
    They couldn’t even put it into orbit normally. It would be better to write about Gagarin, and not about the amers or about the first spacewalk.
    1. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 13 February 2014 12: 46
      +9
      They couldn’t even put it into orbit normally.
      To call a suborbital flight space ... It's like in mountaineering to call a successful conquest of the peak just a walk along the slope at the foot of the mountain.
      Moreover, there was a little embarrassment:
      After a short meeting, Shepard was allowed to go to the suit as needed, having previously turned off the power. Fortunately, everything worked out - the liquid was absorbed into the laundry, and the contacts were not damaged.
      Translating into the public, the First Astronaut pissed ... It’s a pity that I didn’t go too far.
      At such a solemn moment! The whole nation in a single rush ... And he ...

      Heroes damn it.
      1. ZSP
        ZSP 13 February 2014 14: 49
        +5
        So they didn’t feed him, there was simply nothing to walk about, ,,,, But the fact that the first cosmonaut was justified, they scoff at their own .... They had to pickle him there for 4,5 hours !!! Or there the same hatch was not provided for reusable use, but the only way he went in and out ... Well, what would the difference be now transferred to the next day, anyway the second ....
        1. konvalval
          konvalval 13 February 2014 23: 15
          0
          Quote: Lk17619
          They couldn’t even put it into orbit normally. It would be better to write about Gagarin, and not about the amers or about the first spacewalk.

          Well no. Correctly what they wrote. Now we know how they flew "heroically".
  3. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 13 February 2014 08: 46
    +12
    Americans believe that if NASA did not listen to Von Braun, Shepard would fly on March 24 and thus become the first man in space instead of Gagarin.

    If only, if only ... After a fight, they don’t wave their fists! Moreover, Shepard did not fly around the Earth like Gagarin.
  4. M72
    M72 13 February 2014 09: 32
    +41
    Quote: Lk17619
    It would be better to write about Gagarin, and not about the amers or about the first spacewalk.

    Strange requirement. It was interesting for me to read about Americans, and I just found out that their flight can hardly be called a flight into space, unlike Gagarin’s flight.
    An article as an article is quite normal, so stop spraying your saliva, especially for no reason !!!
  5. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 13 February 2014 09: 56
    +12
    Thanks to the author for the article. Interesting factology. The material seems to be translated and not completely revised - in several places it "caught the eye" ... In any case, you need to know this. At least for the sake of arguing with opponents reasonably and confidently.
    It is after such information that our achievements look like a real labor, design, production and human feat. This is me about the first manned flight into space and about the entire cosmonautics of the USSR of the 60s, 70s.
  6. Dejavu
    Dejavu 13 February 2014 10: 19
    +8
    The first flight of Americans to the semi-space should have been called an article.
    1. Trapperxnumx
      Trapperxnumx 13 February 2014 10: 58
      +9
      Quote: dejavu
      The first flight of Americans to the semi-space should have been called an article.

      The first half-flight in half-space))))
      1. And Us Rat
        And Us Rat 13 February 2014 12: 18
        -4
        Quote: Trapper7
        Quote: dejavu
        The first flight of Americans to the semi-space should have been called an article.

        The first half-flight in half-space))))

        And yet... request
        1. Djozz
          Djozz 13 February 2014 12: 44
          +3
          Do you still believe in fairy tales?
          1. And Us Rat
            And Us Rat 13 February 2014 13: 44
            -16%
            Quote: Djozz
            Do you still believe in fairy tales?

            It's better than you to believe in propaganda clichés, stereotypes and conspiracy theories. lol
            1. Djozz
              Djozz 13 February 2014 15: 50
              +2
              Take the trouble to look through the book by Yuri Elkhov "As long as fools live in the world" and then you can close the shop. By the way, Elkhov is a professional cameraman and photographer!
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 13 February 2014 16: 03
                +3
                .................................................. ..............................
                ..................
        2. Antas
          Antas 13 February 2014 13: 50
          +1
          And here are the previous frames:
          http://vk.com/videos112025786
        3. shuhartred
          shuhartred 13 February 2014 14: 06
          +7
          Quote: And Us Rat
          Quote: Trapper7
          Quote: dejavu
          The first flight of Americans to the semi-space should have been called an article.

          The first half-flight in half-space))))

          And yet... request

          In my opinion, achievements in the space field should be considered as victories of all mankind. We were the first to launch a satellite, put a man into space, sent a lunar rover to the moon and went out into open space. The Americans were the first to land on the moon, send the device beyond the limits of the solar system and land a rover on Mars. Say 4: 3? Or 7-0 in favor of humanity?
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 13 February 2014 14: 19
            -2
            One small step for man, but a giant leap for all mankind.

            Apollo 11 manned spacecraft commander Neil Armstrong descended to the lunar surface on July 21, 1969 at 02 hours 56 minutes 20 seconds GMT. http://pikabu.ru/story/yeto__malenkiy_shag_dlya_cheloveka_no_ogromnyiy__dlya_vse
            go_chelovechestva_528734
            1. The comment was deleted.
          2. abdrah
            abdrah 13 February 2014 14: 53
            +5
            shuhartred- "In my opinion, achievements in space should be considered as victories for all mankind."

            There are big questions about all the achievements of America, not just space ones.

            Yes, by the way, musicians from Rammstein do not open their visas to the USA ...
            1. postman
              postman 13 February 2014 20: 49
              +1
              Quote: abdrah
              There are big questions about all the achievements of America, not just space ones.

              What kind??
              And who?
              How will you "wash" yourself when the Google lunar probe or the Chinese bring the pieces of the landing modules?

              Quote: abdrah
              Yes, by the way, musicians from Rammstein do not open their visas to the USA ..

              By the way!!!!
              Richard Zven Kruspe- German citizen
              Paul Heiko Landers (Heiko Paul Hirsche)- German citizen
              Christian flake lorenz- German citizen
              Oliver Riedel- German citizen
              Christoph Schneider- German citizen


              1.For your information, CITIZENS OF GREECE are allowed visa-free entry with a foreign passport to the United States for a period of up to 6 months (and more only registration in the IP).
              this is a visa-free regime program (FGP) (agreement between the government of the USA and the Federal Republic of Germany), and long ago (if I’m not mistaken, after 10 years after the birth of the youngest)
              2.Rammstein - Live (Concert; October 18, 1998, USA, New Orleans (Louisiana)

              3 .... how do you EEEE stupid 3,14 (and so on) - zadolbali, just to fart belay
          3. And Us Rat
            And Us Rat 13 February 2014 15: 34
            -1
            Quote: shuhartred
            7:0

            Definitely good
            1. shuhartred
              shuhartred 13 February 2014 18: 06
              +2
              Quote: And Us Rat
              Quote: shuhartred
              7:0

              Definitely good

              Strictly speaking 7: 3. Dinosaurs, Tunguska meteorite, Novosibirsk meteorite. You can also count the massive blackout due to a magnetic storm. Only point blank I do not remember where and when. Although if you consider everything, the score is devastating and not in our favor. Nuna compare is the first half.
        4. JonnyT
          JonnyT 13 February 2014 14: 56
          +8
          to thinking so to speak ....... why organize an expedition to the moon if all the necessary soil samples for the USSR were obtained by an automatic station? The PR of the USSR was not needed ...... unlike narcissistic and elected USA
          1. shuhartred
            shuhartred 13 February 2014 17: 01
            +2
            Quote: JonnyT
            . Why organize an expedition to the moon,

            Just look. And yet this is the first interplanetary flight with human participation. Do you think there is no need to fly to Mars? Humanity is doomed to fight for extraterrestrial resources and we can only fight for them together. Read "Lunar rainbow" S. Pavlov there is very well reflected the moment of international cooperation and no ideology. Generally.
          2. postman
            postman 13 February 2014 17: 47
            -2
            Quote: JonnyT
            The PR of the USSR was not needed ...... unlike narcissistic and elected USA

            ?
            Then why:
            - Government Decree of June 23, 1960 “On the creation of powerful launch vehicles, satellites, spaceships and space exploration in 1960-1967”

            and work: OKB-456 (V.P. Glushko), OKB-276 (N. D. Kuznetsov) and OKB-165 (AM Cradle), for control systems - NII-885 (N. A. Pilyugin) and NII-944 (V . I. Kuznetsov), on the ground complex - GSKB “Spetsmash” (V. P. Barmin), on the measuring complex - NII-4 MO (A. I. Sokolov), on the system of emptying tanks and regulating the ratio of fuel components - OKB- 12 (A. S. Abramov), for aerodynamic research - NII-88 (Yu. A. Mozhorin), TsAGI (V. M. Myasishchev) and NII-1 (V. Ya. Likhushin), according to the manufacturing technology - Institute of Welding them. Paton Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (B. E. Paton), NITI-40 (Ya. V. Kolupaev), Progress plant (A. Ya. Linkov), according to the technology and methods of experimental testing and retrofitting of stands - NII-229 (G. M. Tabakov)

            -starts N1-LZ (No. ЗЛ, No. 5Л, No. 6Л, No. 7Л)
            -Total costs for the exploration of the moon under the H1-LZ program by January 1973 amounted to 3,6 billion rubles, for the creation of H1 - 2,4 billion.
            1. Patton5
              Patton5 13 February 2014 23: 24
              0
              I heard that the Martian program was originally being prepared, but when Kennedy announced that the Americans intend to land on the moon, our program was reprofiled .... at the khrushch, the fetish was so catching up with SesheOpiya !!!!
          3. Fedya
            Fedya 13 February 2014 23: 13
            -1
            And it was much cheaper!
        5. dustycat
          dustycat 13 February 2014 20: 35
          -1
          Another dedicated victory.
          But only.
          The big question is who would be the first on the moon to not seize the power of the Khrushchev in 1953.
          His merit is the computer race he passed and the space race he passed.
          The Soyuz complex of ships was actually made as part of the Lunar Program.
          Therefore, such a configuration.

          In general, the big question is - who are you Mr. Khrushchev - whose agent of influence in the dark?
        6. Horde
          Horde 13 February 2014 22: 28
          0
          Quote: And Us Rat
          And yet.


          The Hollywood adventure of the Americans on the moon, as it has already been discussed on all sides, and new revelations are appearing, for example, Professor Davidenko draws attention to facts by which they seem to have passed, for example

          http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x16btcd_часть-3-американцы-на-
          big moon
          oh-cheating_school & start

          it’s cool how, for some reason, the Amer’s sneaker on the moon is wrinkled, like dried raisins on an Easter cake like there is no air there? and on the contrary, there is pressure in the spacesuit, how can this be?
      2. andrey777
        andrey777 13 February 2014 12: 20
        +1
        Quote: Trapper7
        The first half-flight in half-space)))

        laughing laughing laughing laughing laughing laughing
      3. andrey777
        andrey777 13 February 2014 12: 20
        0
        Quote: Trapper7
        The first half-flight in half-space)))

        laughing laughing laughing laughing laughing laughing
  7. postman
    postman 13 February 2014 10: 43
    +4
    Quote: Author
    Americans believe that if NASA didn't listen to Von BraunShepard would fly on March 24 and thus become the first man in space instead of Gagarin.

    Haha ... "chickens are counted in the fall"

    1. von Braun voiced proposals for LV on August 3, 1954 (he worked as an arsenal of the American army Redstone)
    Von Braun’s proposal included the use of a Redstone ballistic missile “crossed” with a Loki meteorological rocket as an upper stage as a carrier. This design made it possible to bring the apparatus weighing several kilograms into orbit about 300 kilometers high. A little later, this proposal was formed in the form of the Orbiter project.
    Who knows how events would have developed if von Braun himself had been involved in the Orbiter project. Maybe he would have managed to overtake his competitors and be the first to launch a satellite. But the Nazi past dominated him, and the US government decided that it was not necessary to entrust this important propaganda plan to the recent enemy, although he had already received US citizenship. In Washington, they decided that this work will be carried out by the civilian department and only by the Americans. They, and not some German, were supposed to launch a satellite.

    2.SO in 1954, the Avangard project was born
    Vanguard pH (Glenn Martin company) 6 декабря 1957 года was able to rise only 1,2 meters from the joint venture and exploded, the Vanguard TV3 satellite weighing 1,36 kg (all that), which was supposed to be put into orbit, fell into a thicket of dwarf palm trees and from there began to transmit signals, “Deciding” that he is already in space.Commentator Dorothy Kilgallen even went on the air in her hearts: "Let someone come out and silence him!"
    / of 11 launches only 3 were successful
    and from October 4, 1957 already circled and circled Sputnik-1

    3. THANKS Von Braun's Forced Concept four stage Jupiter-C launched the Explorer-1 satellite into orbit on February 1, 1958 (the first satellite from haute couture, that is, from the USA)
    What is Jupiter-C?
    It:
    PGM-11 Redstone, developed by Chrysler Corporation (leader Brigadier General T. Vincent, team V. von Braun), as part of the Hermes program aimed at adapting captured German rocket technology. Structurally, it was a captured German V-2
    + 3rd step ligament solid propellant rockets Baby Sergeant.
    + 4th step - a single missile Baby Sergeant
    4. What is the name of the first American manned space flight?

    Right !!! Freedom OR again the "old" familiar Mercury-Redstone 3/ Redstone-MRLV

    5. See point 1 (They, and not some German there, should have launched the satellite.) True, when it was required to overtake the Soviet Union in the "moon race", the German rocket scientists were given carte blanche
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 13 February 2014 12: 46
      +3
      They "overtook" the USSR, thanks to Stanley Kubrick!
      1. postman
        postman 13 February 2014 13: 33
        -3
        Quote: Djozz
        thanks Stanley Kubrick!

        No. These are bikes
        laser sounding did not detect (initially) the Soviet "Lunokhod-2" (the Americans announced that they had not received a response to the laser pulse sent to the corner reflectors of French production installed on the Soviet "Lunokhod-2")
        Like the Japanese Kaguya apparatus, it could not “find” any signs of the Americans being on the moon, nor the rovers they had left, nor the landing steps.

        Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO):
        Pictures - more than one hundred thousand. On the former, made from a height of only 50 kilometers, enthusiasts found landing modules for almost all American expeditions. Starting with the first - Apollo 11, held in 1969, and ending with the last - Apollo 17.
        ===========
        Lunokhod-1 cannot be found by sea (Canadian researcher Phil Knock from the University of Western Ontario made a mistake, mistaking L-2 for "missing L-1)
  8. parus2nik
    parus2nik 13 February 2014 11: 08
    +2
    As the Americans flew into space for the first time .. it’s better to say they jumped ..
  9. Vadim12
    Vadim12 13 February 2014 11: 12
    +11
    The first amer flew pissed! AAAAAAAAAAAA "superpower"! Thank you for making me laugh !!! Okay, at least not crap in the cockpit !!!!!!!!!!!!
    1. Prometey
      Prometey 13 February 2014 11: 18
      +6
      Quote: Vadim12
      The first Amer pissed flying !!!

      And if by and large would itch? what
      1. postman
        postman 13 February 2014 11: 56
        +18
        Quote: Prometey
        And if by and large would itch?


        During the flight of Bykovsky on "Vostok-5" the connection was still bad. And the MCC received from him a message from orbit
        "At 9 hours 05 minutes there was a space tapping",
        got to his feet all.
        All the designers, led by Korolev ... What a knock? Where from? Ask:

        - Was there a second knock?
        Pause and Bykovsky answers
        "No, what should have been?"
        On Earth, they understand nothing again.
        - What was the nature of the knock?
        - What, what, normal. Usual.
        - External or internal?

        B: - What - "external" or "internal"? Like this?..
        There is a pause again. Then Bykovsky roared in a voice.
        - Not! Not a knock, but a chair! (paused and clarified to remove all questions) I went big, poop, poop, you know?
        Earth did not answer - everyone laughed.
        Then General Kamanin sincerely congratulated Bykovsky on achievement and superiority - Bykovsky was the very first (!) Who did this in space.
        1. abrakadabre
          abrakadabre 13 February 2014 12: 49
          +7
          Then General Kamanin sincerely congratulated Bykovsky on achievement and superiority - Bykovsky was the very first (!) To do this in space.
          Well, I staked out space, so to speak. And did not get off at the start. Like an american.
          wassat
          1. postman
            postman 13 February 2014 13: 37
            +3
            Quote: abrakadabre
            And did not get off at the start. Like an american.

            1. Both the Russian and the Chinese and you (or I) would manage
            2.Difference of approaches!
            -Americans ORIGINALLY planned a "jump" for 15 minutes, and no one counted on a 5-hour stay in a spacesuit.
            And "take off" and urinate, and then put on-NOT REAL (with control for more than 6 hours)
            - Ours initially calculated the “contingency” option if the “Vostok” didn’t get off the orbit by command at the right time. AND in this case, landing was expected after 3-5 dayswhen "Vostok" was to, according to the laws of ballistics, independently leave the satellite’s orbit.
            Therefore, the development of ACS ("Sanitation device") for cosmonauts Korolev was assigned to Machine-Building Plant No. 918 (now OJSC NPP Zvezda)

            The first automated control systems appeared in astronaut dogs.

            By the way, have you ever wondered why almost all the cosmonaut dogs were bitches? what
        2. Shadowcat
          Shadowcat 13 February 2014 14: 37
          +2
          Dap once I read the drain once it creeps to tears))
          I think MCC made bricks themselves from an incomprehensible "knock")))
      2. postman
        postman 13 February 2014 13: 46
        +3
        Quote: Prometey
        And if by and large would itch?

        1. Shepard, would "make" there (the same), and it would be less "painful" for the electronics of spacesuits.
        2.And then (in my opinion from the THIRD flight):

        To solve the more complex physiological problem, the Americans glued to the anus with adhesive tape a special package with inner walls covered with absorbent material. After lightening the astronaut with a special protrusion of this package he cleaned the body of impurities, after which he carefully peeled it off, added a preservative inside and threw the clogged bag into the trash can. For privacy during this process, astronauts allowed to turn off the onboard video camera. According to the American periodicals of those years, there were cases when such a package was peeled off at the wrong time.
        ================================================== ==
        Man is a "mechanism" that makes the whole process of conquering space infinitely intriguing. Find an organism, each cell of which strives for survival and prosperity in the world of oxygen, gravity and water, to place this organism in the void of space for a month or a year - what could be more absurd and at the same time more exciting? Everything that is taken for granted on Earth must be revised, studied again, tested - grown men, educated women .... and? And "funny stories" with them.
    2. PiP
      PiP 13 February 2014 14: 33
      +2
      Quote: Vadim12
      The first amer flew pissed! AAAAAAAAAAAA "superpower"

      Not long ago, on discovery, they showed another show (I do not remember exactly what it is called) about resellers of junk and junk. So one cupcake at the airport bought a huge box with unclaimed hats and there was a "stratonaut" helmet inside which there was an incomprehensible scheme with NASA marking and some kind of hermetically sealed stray. They asked the expert, "what is this?" and he replied that it was "a urino receiver (adapter) and a circuit for it!" wink Now it’s clear why the pants are wet ... wassat
  10. Tankist_1980
    Tankist_1980 13 February 2014 11: 16
    +5
    With wet underpants he didn’t even turn around the earth ...
    1. postman
      postman 13 February 2014 12: 20
      +3
      Quote: Tankist_1980
      With wet underpants

      There are options? Would you probably endured to break bladder and "urine hit my head"?

      In her official report, Valentina Tereshkova says:
      "During the flight, her leg hurt because of the spacesuit, and the helmet pressed on her head." She was sick in space, so she tried to sit still most of her three-day flight

      While nausea in space is such a common problem that NASA even had to develop a high-tech way to solve it.
      And they began to solve it (the problem) with "beating hats", finished:
      In American space helmets, including those used on the Apollo, there is a special air tube that delivers 0,2 m3 of air per minute to the face, which may well help to blow away vomit from the lower face into a spacesuit.
      NASA’s policy in these situations is the same - everyone copes with such problems himself.
      Apollo-9
      “PILOT TEAM MODULE DAVE SCOTT: Maybe we will distribute your part among the other guys, and you just take off your suit, clean it, try to eat and lie down to rest?
      SWISS CARD: Okay, I like the idea of ​​cleaning.
      SCOTT: Take one of those towels and wash ... all of this. The truth will be better for you.
      SHWEIKART: Good. Do you want to follow the radio yourself?
      SCOTT: Yes, I'll do it. ”
      What happens if you feel sick right in your spacesuit? “You will die,” Schweikart replies. “The sticky mass, remaining in the mouth and nasal cavity, does not allow breathing, and it is impossible to remove it, so you die.”



      It was because of nausea that the entire work of the Soyuz-10 crew broke.
      1. Prometey
        Prometey 13 February 2014 12: 29
        +1
        Quote: Postman
        There are options? Would you probably suffer until your bladder ruptured and the urine hit your head?

        Thanks, informative. And so, indeed, what is natural on Earth in space can be a problem - to go to the toilet in zero gravity.
        1. postman
          postman 13 February 2014 13: 39
          +1
          Quote: Prometey
          what is natural on earth



          For a scientist engaged in development manned spacecraft You (people) - real problem.
          You are the most problematic mechanism you can deal with. You and your fluctuating metabolism, your weak memory, your complex structure. You are unpredictable. Fickle. You need weeks to get fit. You have to worry about enough water, oxygen, food that you need in space, about how much extra fuel it will take to cook shrimp for dinner or to warm pancakes with beef. Whereas the photocell or nozzle of the engine is constant and unassuming. They do not emit waste, do not panic and do not fall in love with the crew commander. They have no ego. They do not interfere with the lack of gravity, and they are perfectly dispensed with sleep.
    2. sssla
      sssla 13 February 2014 14: 38
      -3
      Quote: Tankist_1980
      With wet underpants he didn’t even turn around the earth ...
      Well, let's Amer poop explore vomit and other nasty things you have nothing to write about
      1. Khamsin
        Khamsin 13 February 2014 20: 37
        0
        Interesting facts and interesting topics ...) Previously, I did not think about such subtleties. Everything is not easy in this world.
  11. Saburo
    Saburo 13 February 2014 11: 24
    +3
    Well, at least as photographic equipment the Americans were far ahead then. Such clear color photos! We have not seen these.

  12. mountain
    mountain 13 February 2014 11: 38
    +4
    Mockers, shameful, show-offs, all for the sake of advertising. How much you can lie to the world, about your own, oneness, it is one with you, you are exceptional liars. He takes pride in his country !!!!!
    Thanks to the author for the article.
    1. postman
      postman 13 February 2014 11: 58
      +10
      Quote: mountain
      , all for the sake of advertising.

      Not only!

      Americans fly to the moon. Says one of the creators of the spacesuit.
      In case the astronaut wants to "go for a little", a plastic bag with a rubber hose was placed inside the spacesuit, like a condom, which had to be attached to the appropriate authority. Three hose sizes were provided: small, medium and large.
      Naturally, all astronauts chose only "big".
      This did not suit NASA’s leadership, since mismatch in hose and body sizes could lead to leaks and disruption of the suit.
      The solution to the problem was brilliantly simple.
      Sizes have been renamed "Large", "Extra Large" and "Giant".
      After that, astronauts began to willingly choose the most suitable bags.
      1. dustycat
        dustycat 13 February 2014 20: 48
        0
        Well dick, what do you take ?!
        1. postman
          postman 13 February 2014 21: 03
          -1
          Quote: dustycat
          what will you take ?!

          I do not agree!
          A normal reaction, of a normal man who has not lost his ... uh ... natural potential, let’s say so.
          So you would personally agree in the public profile (admission to the university, to work, to the sanatorium) put a tick in the questionnaire (if it would be) check
          small (genital organ) member -(HERE TICK)
          middle term
          large
          ??
          They have exactly the same: these data (urinal size) are available to all NASA personnel, Pentagon employees, and curators from the State Department.
          ?
  13. repytw
    repytw 13 February 2014 12: 08
    +6
    It was he who probably soaked the suit out of fear, and with Gagarin Yu.A. do not compare. After that, they began to fly in diapers until on the ISS in 2000 Russian "savages" taught them to walk to the toilet.
    1. postman
      postman 13 February 2014 12: 35
      +4
      Quote: repytw
      After that they started flying diapers

      Nonsense!
      bike about the second American astronaut (Gus Griss), allegedly he flew to a suborbite in a giant diaper made up of several female panty liners.

      Special urinals collected urine, which was stored in the ship until the end of the flight, and during the Apollo program they began to throw it into open space.

      Quote: repytw
      until on the ISS in 2000 they were taught to walk to the toilet by the Russian "savages".

      What stupidity
      Apollo lunar mission
      recording conversations in the command module of the ship, which at some point right feces suddenly floated in the air in front of the nose of the astronauts. However, Commander Thomas Stafford and pilots John Young and Eugene Cernan also greeted the "aliens" from the toilet with laughter, and Stafford seemed to to catch them with an ordinary pillowcase.
      Here's what it looked like (translation of parts of a record starting at page 416):
      Thomas: Oh ... Who did this?
      John: Who did what?
      Eugene: What?
      T (with a laugh): Who did this?
      Yu: Where did it come from?
      T: Hurry, give me a pillowcase. Through the air g ** but floating.
      D: I did not. That's not mine.
      Yu: And not mine, I think.
      T: Mine was more viscous. Throw it out of here.
      D: God almighty.
      (Laugh)
      T: What do you see?
      D: Nothing, that's enough with me.
      Yu: Yeah.
      D: What a delight.
      Yu: G ** won't fit here anymore.
      T: What, is the waste bin full?
      D: No, damn, there is nothing there.
      Yu: All this goes straight to ...
      Laugh)
      Astronauts find out that the pump apparently broke, and discuss the technical details, accompanying everyone with rude jokes. After some more time, they again notice the passing excrement.
      Eugene (breaking off the previous phrase): And here is another piece of g ** on, damn it. What's wrong with you guys? Come on, let me ...
      (Laugh)
      Yu: Listen, baby, if it were me, I would definitely know what I had done right on the floor.
      Thomas: Does it just fly like this everywhere?
      Yu: Yes.
      T (with a laugh): Mine was thicker than that.
      John: Mine too.
      Yu: When I put my finger in mine, it was too soft. Damn those.
      (Laugh)
      Yu: I don’t know whose it is. I can neither admit nor deny that it is mine.
      D: What’s going on here?
      Yu: I do not know.
      D: Something is wrong here.

      The “Shuttle” WC is similar in appearance to earthly counterparts, only ...
      ONLY in great need have to fasten your seat: this is done not only for convenience, but also because in a space toilet a person partially turns into a rocket with a jet engine.
      1. repytw
        repytw 13 February 2014 12: 43
        +5
        I wanted to make a joke, but you approached the matter with all seriousness, to know the history of American cosmonautics so deeply, I’m killed on the heels with your knowledge laughing laughing laughing
        1. postman
          postman 13 February 2014 13: 41
          +2
          Quote: repytw
          so deeply know the history of american astronautics

          I will take Russian (Soviet) no worse.
          Specialty - Engines LA (LRE), and course friends were on
          Ass (life support of manned vehicles) wink

          Yes, and a lot of spacecraft personally climbed, including and the Soviet lunar module (No. 3 in my opinion)
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 13 February 2014 13: 53
            +1
            Quote: Postman
            ZhOPA (life support of manned vehicles)
            We had a course BEER (instruments and high-altitude equipment). Recently I watched the film "To the moon and back".
            1. postman
              postman 13 February 2014 14: 01
              +2
              Quote: Alex 241
              We had a BEER course

              Great and powerful RUSSIAN LANGUAGE !!!
              Well, who else can?

              Quote: Alex 241
              "To the moon and back."

              Is that which? What did the Spaniards shoot?
              The plot of the picture called "Cosmonaut" is built around three friends - Andrew, Julia and Stan. In 1975, Stan was sent to an earth satellite. Andrew directs the flight. Having flown around the satellite, the Stan’s ship ceases to respond to MCC requests, and after returning to Earth, no one is found on board the ship. However, suddenly the transmitter of the spacecraft begins to work, and Stan reports that, having returned to Earth, he discovered that it was empty.

              ===============
              I would love to watch all the films DSP, SS, SOV ... that I watched when I was.
              Where can I get them now ...
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 13 February 2014 14: 07
                0
                Here is the link http://seasonvar.ru/serial-7204-S_Zemli_na_Lunu.html
          2. Prometey
            Prometey 13 February 2014 14: 18
            +1
            Quote: Postman
            I will take Russian (Soviet) no worse.

            Since you are aware of the topic, do not share - but work is underway on the creation of artificial gravity in ships, for example, in the case of long-distance travel? Or is it fundamentally unaware of how this can be done?
            1. postman
              postman 13 February 2014 15: 25
              +2
              Quote: Prometey
              Or is it fundamentally unaware of how this can be done?

              so far only .... the illusion of gravity
              Martian designs by von Braun
              The project of the Martian expedition, formulated in the late 1940s by Werner von Braun, is one of the first detailed programs for preparing a flight to the Red Planet. Before the launch of the first satellite, there were still years and years, and the interplanetary flight project was already on the table.

              One of the possible solutions to the problem, von Braun proposed connecting the individual ships of the flotilla with cables and twisting them around a common center of gravity. In this case, artificial gravity would be created. Not the same as on Earth, smaller in significance. But that was already something.
              Alternatively, a variant of "gravity cabins" was proposed, in which the crew members would spend several hours a day. These modules were supposed to be located at some distance from the ships, but connected to them. The effect of artificial gravity was supposed to be created by swinging the cockpit like a pendulum.

              / In my opinion, Tsiolkovsky proposed this very idea /

              either constant traction, although at 1 / 6g
              ===========
              Gravitational wave, not yet proven (availability) experimentally
              LIGO, VIRGO, TAMA, GEO 600, “Dulkyn”, as well as the project of the space gravity detector LISA,

              / For the Solar system, for example, the largest gravitational radiation is produced by the subsystem of the Sun and Jupiter. The power of this radiation is approximately 5 kilowatts.

              Quote: Prometey
              and work is underway to create artificial


              of course are being:
              http://www.dulkyn.ru/ru/about.html
              http://prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v111/i10/e101102
              http://sci.esa.int/lisa/

              LISA - Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
      2. Patton5
        Patton5 13 February 2014 23: 43
        -1
        I am under the table laughing Imagined the situation lol
  14. postman
    postman 13 February 2014 12: 24
    +1
    Quote: Author
    After a short meeting, Shepard was allowed to go to the suit as needed, having previously turned off the power. Fortunately, everything worked out - the liquid was absorbed into the laundry, and the contacts didn’te suffered

    ??
    NOT TRUE !!!
    Electrodes that control the heartbeat of an astronaut, immediately went crazy as soon as they reached a warm stream.
  15. Kuvabatake
    Kuvabatake 13 February 2014 12: 24
    +5
    Obossans in space. What is the idea of ​​a new movie blockbuster?
  16. dengy12
    dengy12 13 February 2014 12: 34
    +3
    in this scenario, the version that the Americans were not on the moon seems very plausible ... lol
  17. Platov
    Platov 13 February 2014 12: 48
    +1
    Thanks to the author, the American still believed as Gagarin revolved around the earth. Plus for all that enlightened.
  18. Djozz
    Djozz 13 February 2014 12: 52
    0
    Actually, this is a flight along a ballistic trajectory (Frog Leap), to call it a flight into space is quite difficult.
    1. postman
      postman 13 February 2014 13: 51
      0
      Quote: Djozz
      flying into space is quite difficult.

      and yet it’s a flight (according to a generally accepted reference point, on the date of fixation),space flight

      At a meeting of the FAI International Sports Commission at the 53rd General Conference in October 1960, in Barcelona, ​​representatives of 22 countries, including the USSR, the USA, England, France, and others, discussed this problem. The General Conference decided to recognize and record records as absolute world records of a man’s flight into outer space:
      for the duration of the flight;
      to a height in non-orbital (ballistic) flight; to a height in orbital flight (flight around the Earth);
      to the largest mass (weight) of a spacecraft raised to a height of 100 kilometers or more from Earth.

      It was unanimously agreed that the FAI would only recognize records set as a result of a space flight beyond 100 km altitude. Heavenly open spaces of up to 100 kilometers are provided for further aviation records.

      and only after - on August 7, 1961, when the Soviet cosmonaut German Titov committed daily orbital flight around the Earth. FAI Astronautical Commission review the rules for registering astronaut records.
      The Commission identified new flight categories:
      - suborbital, or ballistic,
      flights and orbital flights.

      A program of work was outlined to determine the rules for registering records during human flight and to other planets of the solar system.
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 14 February 2014 16: 45
        0
        At a meeting of the FAI International Sports Commission at the 53rd General Conference in October 1960 in Barcelona, ​​representatives of 22 countries, including the USSR, USA, England, France, and others, discussed this problem.
        Well, who would doubt it. America was hysterical to push its flights into space. The USSR with the magnanimity of the winner waved the decision of the commission. And that’s all. In this case, the decision remains the solution, but real achievement, achievement.
        Orbital flight is relatively stable and less independent in choosing the trajectory and time of further flight. Ballistic flight is far from this.
  19. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 13 February 2014 13: 40
    +2
    Quote: Prometey
    Quote: Vadim12
    The first Amer pissed flying !!!

    And if by and large would itch? what

    It would be all closed! laughing
  20. The comment was deleted.
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. barbiturate
    barbiturate 13 February 2014 15: 15
    0
    now, when more or less accustomed to orbit, it's time to move on, it will actually land on the moon in 20-25 years, and not drive away bullshit like the Americans and stupidly smile and throw up his hands in response to the numerous "how and why?", try to master Mars , at least in 50-80 years, although who knows what will happen to the planet Earth in 50 years ...
  23. HAM
    HAM 13 February 2014 15: 23
    +3
    Quote: And if for the big would itch?


    Jet thrust to the moon would be enough!
    1. parus2nik
      parus2nik 13 February 2014 15: 39
      +2
      Jet thrust to the moon would be enough! Probably on this thrust and the moon flew .. smile
  24. 19671812
    19671812 13 February 2014 15: 31
    +2
    Yes, Americans flew with a tarnished reputation
  25. parus2nik
    parus2nik 13 February 2014 15: 38
    +2
    Quote: Postman
    There are options?

    Yes, our astronauts write before the flight ..
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 13 February 2014 15: 47
      +1
      Like adults, and the comments are kindergarten pants with straps! If so cool, get into a centrifuge and let them spin you with at least 4g overload, and then we'll see who will have a pale look and described legs!
      1. andrei332809
        andrei332809 13 February 2014 15: 52
        +1
        Quote: Alex 241
        If so cool, get into the centrifuge

        hi sash hi
        Well, you will advise !!! where then to look for your guts, which at a stop you will knock out, and the eyes that pop out during work, bastards
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 13 February 2014 16: 18
          +1
          Hi Andryukh, yes, there’s enough of it, a normal topic that can be discussed, Vasily gives so much information! Instead, it’s plain humor!
      2. postman
        postman 13 February 2014 16: 17
        +2
        Quote: Alex 241
        If so steep, get into centrifuges

        "beast"!! why is it so difficult?
        Auto, in Germany, on the autobahn.
        Despite the fact that the number (density per 1 km) of WC on Germany's autobahns is the largest in the world ..
        Happen tube:

        out of sight of the toilet

        10-20 minutes will pass and All(both women and men, children) will go to fulfill a natural need (and for the most part incl.), WITHOUT ANY CONSTRAINT, TO THE VIEW OF EVERYONE.

        ============
        And what did Shepard have to do?
        Exit at 10G - to seize the bladder?
      3. Prometey
        Prometey 13 February 2014 17: 40
        +1
        Quote: Alex 241
        Like adults, and the comments are kindergarten

        Well, I raised the question quite seriously - we are all human, and everything could happen in life request
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 13 February 2014 17: 42
          +1
          Sergey, I didn’t mean you, if I offended you, please excuse me!
          1. Prometey
            Prometey 13 February 2014 17: 48
            +1
            Quote: Alex 241
            if offended, please excuse me!

            Yes, that's right, they said wink
      4. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 14 February 2014 16: 48
        0
        If so cool, get into the centrifuge, and let you spin with an overload of at least 4g, and then we'll see who will have a pale look and described legs!
        Nefig climb into a centrifuge with a full bladder. Normal people consume beer after the done business, and not before.
        You would think that such a thing was completely unpredictable.
    2. postman
      postman 13 February 2014 16: 12
      +1
      Quote: parus2nik
      Yes, our astronauts write before the flight ..


      ACS (“sanitation device”) for astronauts from the Machine-Building Plant # 918 (now OJSC NPP Zvezda)
      "pee before the flight to the launch vehicle" will not save you!
      Soyuz-10 22.04.1971/XNUMX/XNUMX Unsuccessful docking with the Salyut-1 orbital station. The crew returned to Earth ahead of schedule.
      DURATION 1 day 23 h 46 m

      The tradition originates from the flight of Yuri Gagarin, who asked to stop the car in the Kazakh steppe on the way to "Baikonur" and did everything right, in nature.

      And on RN - the founder, general designer Sergei Korolev, who necessarily irrigated the rocket before launch.
      1. Alex 241
        Alex 241 13 February 2014 16: 19
        +4
        Quote: Postman
        The tradition originates from the flight of Yuri Gagarin, who asked to stop the car in the Kazakh steppe on the way to "Baikonur" and did everything right, in nature.
        1. dustycat
          dustycat 13 February 2014 20: 56
          0
          Another photo is missing.
          Buckets with water and strips of HB fabric in the width of a finger.
  26. barbiturate
    barbiturate 13 February 2014 16: 29
    +1
    Quote: Alex 241
    Like adults, and the comments are kindergarten pants with straps! If so cool, get into a centrifuge and let them spin you with at least 4g overload, and then we'll see who will have a pale look and described legs!


    yes, exaggerate, 4g is played by ordinary people, more or less healthy, just recently on channel 2 the magazine was turned on just 4 and there was nothing wrong with it, the pressure was just measured before that it’s not a core.
    Another thing is that such that the astronaut pee in a spacesuit, there’s nowhere to go anywhere if peppered, physiology
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 13 February 2014 16: 36
      0
      Firstly I wrote at least 4g, for seed.
      1. postman
        postman 13 February 2014 17: 07
        +1
        Quote: Alex 241
        Firstly I wrote at least 4g, for seed

        Add more with a FULL bladder (4 hours of waiting) ...
        And on the carousel (children's) you can urinate
  27. Bashkaus
    Bashkaus 13 February 2014 16: 30
    +6
    A huge plus to the article, many thanks to the author, but to the comrades who managed to dare Shepard to be excreted for a pissing suit, falsification of an American flight to the moon, etc. should be a SHAME!
    Such comments can only be written by a person who does not have even the slightest idea of ​​what a spacesuit is, and what is preparation for a climb to a height or flight. Even in an article in Russian the chronology of preparation for launch is written:
    5:15 Landing in a capsule (it is understood that Shepard is already in the spacesuit for at least an hour).
    6:25 Start desaturation (removal of nitrogen from the blood so that it does not boil when the pressure drops - altitude-decompression illness), the duration of the procedure is 2 hours!
    The launch was made at 14:34 with a delay of more than 4 hours, i.e. the launch was supposed to be around 10 in the morning.
    By the way, maybe someone does not know, but Gagarin also, let's say, "surprised" the doctors with his repeated desires after he put on the spacesuit despite the water diet. The reason for the frequent urge lies in the intense excitement that the first of the first really experienced.
    At the expense of the moon, too, there is no need for kvas patriotism. I agree, there is a lot of photomontage, but do not forget the Americans' pathological desire to do SHOW of everything, the guys just reinsured themselves in order to insert a finished record if the picture fails. There is nothing wrong with that, you yourself were firmly bred by showing a fragment of a rehearsal when one of the rings did not open live on the opening of the Sochi Olympics.
    Adults should weed out the elements of the show from the true heroic courage of the pioneers, regardless of their nationality, and for the first cosmonauts, the problem of urinating was really a problem and this must be taken into account, however, also with the fact that the "critics" cannot see space as their ears. no offense))
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 13 February 2014 18: 42
      +2
      No need to juggle, the fact is that they passed off photographs forgery and pass them off as true ones and managed to "lose", allegedly, the originals of the newsreel footage of the landing. And, Mr. Leonov is a member of the board of directors of the American bank, and accordingly sings the songs the Americans need.
      1. barbiturate
        barbiturate 13 February 2014 20: 18
        +2
        Yes, do not talk) they throw everywhere, it’s funny everywhere. We lost the films (crazy explanation), 300 kg of soil was preserved for posterity and it is impossible to study (even crazier), the soil that was given for research and presented turned out to be bullshit, again we are silent) the drawings are lost, we cannot repeat the engines and even explain how they gave out we cannot do such characteristics with given parameters and materials used, and why dozens and hundreds of them, and photographs are like that, not at all important, just very understandable for the average person.
        And Leonov said such nonsense that he was ashamed of him. Here Eugene told him about his autograph on the moon)) and he told us this, and NASA said that it was a speck and removed the letter C from the pictures) Leonov is still talking about the autograph, here is the price of this source)) And how he watched for the landing of the Americans)) there you can’t listen without laughter if you understand what it’s about. (I watched the usual broadcast to the whole world, but gives it out as surveillance)), etc. The main thing, of course, is in linden - technical why and how you did it, but you can also neigh over our defenders)
        I respect the Americans for their really great achievements in space, but with flight there was too much at stake in the global sense and it was impossible to lose, they decided - we won’t lose, it doesn’t matter how, we buy, we agree, etc. What did
  28. deman73
    deman73 13 February 2014 16: 35
    +1
    one word - brightly striped clowns and window dressers
  29. crasever
    crasever 13 February 2014 16: 45
    +5
    In the field of manned space exploration, the United States has now slipped to the level of the beginning of the 60s, when everything starts from scratch - a carrier, a ship, and there is still a lot of related equipment - simulators, spacesuits, etc. ... And somewhere completely (!!! ) the whole technological groundwork from the heroic lunar epic disappeared (an example on the surface is in near-Earth space, NASA astronauts use spacesuits to exit weighing almost twice the lunar Apollon’s with the confirmed, so to speak in practice, the highest reliability of the product of the 60s, but every gram of orbit weight literally worth the weight of gold !!!)
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Djozz
      Djozz 13 February 2014 18: 45
      +2
      That's right, but where did the drawings of the Saturn rocket engines go?
      1. dustycat
        dustycat 13 February 2014 21: 01
        +1
        They are now indulging in a new toy.
        In the USSR, it was called the Spiral.
        For the mattresses, for the time being, the mass-size model with UNWAY wings in the starting position - raised at an angle of 45 degrees - apparently they did not manage to translate that place in the drawings. Spirals where they say why the wings are in this position.
        And the dust is on the Internet - it’s horror ...
  30. UpgradeComplete
    UpgradeComplete 13 February 2014 16: 48
    -3
    He also pissed, clown)) ahah)
    1. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 14 February 2014 16: 58
      0
      He also pissed, clown)) ahah)
      Let's just say it without gibberish: He’s not a clown, but that constructor who didn’t think of what could be. Yes, flight for 15 minutes. But they themselves did the training regulations and knew how many people would be in the spacesuit. And always normal people lay a reserve for the unexpected. And he is simply a victim of the situation and those eccentrics with a capital M that they did not foresee.
      And thanks to them, he did not enter enchantingly, but ran into history.
  31. barbiturate
    barbiturate 13 February 2014 16: 56
    0
    Quote: crasever
    In the field of manned space exploration, the United States has now slipped to the level of the beginning of the 60s, when everything starts from scratch - a carrier, a ship, and there is still a lot of related equipment - simulators, spacesuits, etc. ... And somewhere completely (!!! ) the whole technological groundwork from the heroic lunar epic disappeared (an example on the surface is in near-Earth space, NASA astronauts use spacesuits to exit weighing almost twice the lunar Apollon’s with the confirmed, so to speak in practice, the highest reliability of the product of the 60s, but every gram of orbit weight literally worth the weight of gold !!!)


    and there’s a lot of why, only the Americans are silent on questions or drive a blatant bullshit, everyone laughs, but they understand that it’s allowed to drive nonsense, because the masters of the world smiled at conferences and parted)
    1. crasever
      crasever 13 February 2014 17: 41
      +3
      I fully agree with the respected barbiturate, and this is not good, because such feints discard humanity from its purpose - the knowledge of the Cosmos (and after all, the day may come at such a pace when the earthlings, like several millennia ago, are seriously announced that the stars in the sky - these are lanterns in a crystal vault placed by astronauts sent there by gods or rich people for horoscopes) !!!
  32. IS-3
    IS-3 13 February 2014 17: 48
    +2
    Shepard ... Piss the spacesuit and not take off. So even protean technology will not help.
  33. clidon
    clidon 13 February 2014 20: 06
    +4
    Also an undoubted hero of conquest in space. Although not the first and not on orbital flight, but it was necessary to have considerable courage to make it the first in his country. Honor and praise.
  34. dustycat
    dustycat 13 February 2014 21: 06
    -1
    In a monkey capsule, a man was launched ...
    Therefore, it was not possible to release - too many pyro-bolts and glue on the vestibule of the hatch had to be greased again.
    In vain on the Brown loaf crumble.
    If he did, he would fly into a circle or two.
  35. wheeling
    wheeling 13 February 2014 22: 03
    0
    http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2014/589/hzhi38.jpg
    1. clidon
      clidon 14 February 2014 05: 22
      0
      Here it is necessary to add - and then the Russians began to buy these pens from the Americans, since graphite pencils threatened electronics. Read the story of Fishers Space Pen. By the way, you yourself can buy, they are freely sold.
      1. Horde
        Horde 14 February 2014 07: 31
        +1
        Quote: clidon
        Here it is necessary to add - and then the Russians began to buy these pens from the Americans, since graphite pencils threatened electronics.



        What graphite threatens electronics itself invented?
        1. clidon
          clidon 14 February 2014 15: 51
          0
          That is, you do not consider graphite dust as a conductor?
          1. Horde
            Horde 14 February 2014 18: 18
            0
            Quote: clidon
            That is, you do not consider graphite dust as a conductor?


            it’s precisely the graphite dust from the crumbled pencils on the satellites, just the least and if everything on the Earth falls down, then on the satellite everything is drawn into the filters and the air in the satellite’s atmosphere is updated repeatedly empty for a day ...
            1. clidon
              clidon 14 February 2014 20: 42
              0
              Well, we still preferred to buy American pens at our station, and not risk it - where it would be pulled into a filter or device.
              1. Horde
                Horde 15 February 2014 08: 31
                0
                Quote: clidon
                Well, we still preferred to buy American pens at our station,


                where is it with you?
                1. clidon
                  clidon 15 February 2014 12: 56
                  0
                  In our USSR.
  36. Maksik
    Maksik 13 February 2014 22: 18
    0
    Once upon a time, the USSR masterfully lost it to the Americans.
  37. Aleksey_K
    Aleksey_K 13 February 2014 23: 20
    +1
    Still not all crap Americans? Probably all and sundry. Now listen to the wiseacres! You were not put into an unprocessed spaceship that could explode at any second! You are probably in the trenches, only in the air, squinting your eyes shot. The brave man is not soaked! Have you ever had to burn alive? But I had to put out the fire in the fighting compartment of the tank. It’s terrible to climb into the fire, especially scary when I saw a burnt-out popping crew. Do not judge that which you cannot judge! Space does not forgive mistakes - it is a cruel, inhuman environment, worse than the Americans!
    1. Mista_dj
      Mista_dj 14 February 2014 09: 58
      +1
      What did you want to say, Aleksey !?
      About Americans, about what you know more than others, about fires? About what?
  38. Oleg1968
    Oleg1968 13 February 2014 23: 54
    0
    All the same, the most important thing: the USSR first.
    Our fathers and grandfathers could-did.
    And this is not "jumped and fell" but the REAL SPACE
  39. Mista_dj
    Mista_dj 14 February 2014 09: 55
    +1
    Thank you for the article!
    Somehow, behind our success, I never thought about the first flight of mattress covers.
    Informative!
    Thanks again!
  40. Cristall
    Cristall 14 February 2014 18: 46
    +2
    generally not worth grimacing, all our victories and theirs are the result of great labor and effort.
    The rivalry led to the acceleration of work - and no one could give a guarantee. It was a risk! Even if the second is a risk. After Nesterov, the Pegu loop is still a risk!
    Everyone is worthy of respect. Even a rival! A good rival is definitely worthy of respect!
  41. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 16 February 2014 21: 12
    0
    GLORY TO THE SOVIET PEOPLE !!
  42. renics
    renics April 12 2014 23: 54
    +1
    And all the commentators in the documentary about this launch assure that Shepard circled the earth in 15 minutes and only 190 nautical miles leave from the launch pad. What hypocrisy and outright lies are always present with them.