Military Review

Bosnian crisis

48



The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is experiencing a severe crisis since the civil war: crowds of angry citizens chant anti-government slogans, smash offices and shops, set fire to administrative buildings. The demonstrations are directed against the country's “European integration” course (and, in fact, against corruption, nepotism and omnipresent poverty). It would seem that everything is simple: the citizens of the country condemn the painful reforms undertaken by the government for the sake of friendship with the European Union. However, one should not forget that Bosnia and Herzegovina is a special country: here the conflict of twenty years ago makes itself felt, and anti-Western meetings can turn into a new spiral of inter-religious and inter-ethnic confrontation.

The classic script in the Bosnian interpretation

The protest in Bosnia and Herzegovina is truly a popular one: unlike in Ukraine, there are no opposition members bought there who declare their intention to usurp power. In general, the demonstrators have no political program: the people simply yearn for justice, they want to get rid of the dictates of the West and corrupt politicians.

The start of the riot was 5 February, Wednesday. Then on the streets of Tuzla - a major industrial center and the third largest city in the country - there were about 600 employees of four recently bankrupt enterprises. Interestingly, these enterprises were artificially brought to bankruptcy: after privatization, their assets were sold out, and several thousand employees were simply put out of the door. Many of the people did not receive wages for two years.

Demanding payment of debts, demonstrators staged a picket near the city administration. The police arrived, who tried to force people from the administrative building. However, the protesters also received reinforcements: they were joined by football ultras who committed massacres in Tuzla.

6 February in the city held a new rally, more numerous. The police used tear gas against the demonstrators, re-driving them away from the city administration. At the same time, protests began in Bihac, Zenica and even in Sarajevo, the capital of the country.

February 7 events reached a climax: the police began to use not only tear gas, but also water cannons, as well as rubber bullets and stun grenades. Of course, all these special tools were bought in a “democratic Europe”, which is only happy to cash in on other people's misfortunes.

In turn, the demonstrators in Sarajevo burned down the government building of the capital's canton, the presidential palace, and in Tuzla, Travnik, Mostar and Zenica - local administrations. Unfortunately, in the fires, unique historical documents of the era of Austro-Hungarian rule. There were also recorded cases of looting: pogroms threw furniture, office equipment and valuables out of windows.

There were also cases of reprisals against officials. Thus, the mayor of the city of Brcko was held hostage for several hours, and in Zenica, cars belonging to high-ranking civil servants were drowned in the river.

8 February the conflict went into decline, and the first results of the confrontation were summed up. So, during the riots, about 200 people suffered, no one died by a miracle. In total, riots and demonstrations took place in Bosnian 20 cities.

Calm, only calm!

The Bosnian authorities are surprisingly calm about what is happening in the country. Instead of suppressing protests, politicians call for peaceful dialogue and, at least in words, take all the blame for themselves. So did Zeljko Komšić and Bakir Izetbegovic, members of the presidium - the body that acts as president. Koshmich was elected to the presidency from the Croats, and Izetbegovic from the Bosniaks. The local authorities are in the same mood: the leaders of the administrations of Zenica and Tuzla resigned, as did the head of government of the Sarajevo canton.

However, such concessions are not needed by the protesters. They want a complete change of government: the current system is the result of a compromise between the Serb, Croat and Bosniak communities. It is malfunctioning, since each community defends its own interests exclusively, and often blocks the offers of foreign communities. As a result, the leadership of the republic cannot take even elementary decisions, and many pressing problems remain in a state of limitation for a long time.

Because of this, in Bosnia there is an unprecedented level of unemployment: according to some data, its volume reaches 44 percent. About 20 percent of the population is below the poverty line: the average salary in Bosnia is 420 euros or 19,7 thousand Russian rubles. Of course, prices in the country are higher than in Russia or the republics of the CIS, after all Bosnia seeks for Europe. The economy of Bosnia does not grow since 2009: then the country was severely affected by the crisis, and its GDP fell by 3 percent immediately.

To correct the imbalances, all issues should be resolved quickly, without excessive bureaucratic red tape. But this will have to destroy the order that exists since the civil war, namely, to abandon the federal structure. It is not known what will follow: the country will either slide into the abyss of a new civil war, or its parts will peacefully “divorce”, like the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In both cases, there will be nothing to reform.

The threat of foreign intervention

In addition, the European Union does not intend to let Bosnia and Herzegovina float freely. Let everything be terrible in the country - but how democratic it moves towards the West! The European Union is going to keep Bosnia in its sphere of influence to the last, even if it requires the use of force. So, European politicians are seriously talking about the occupation of the republic.

Valentin Inzko, UN High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina, said that the European Union could bring troops into the country to stabilize the situation. Some police units have gone over to the side of the people, which means that the authorities will not be able to suppress an anti-Western protest, even if they wish. Foreign militaries, unlike the police, do not sympathize with the unemployed demonstrators, and can easily “restore order”. And they will even shoot - yes, that is the price of democracy.

In fact, the power in Bosnia will be held on the bayonets of the interventionists - and this is understood in the Republika Srpska. Its head, Milorad Dodik, stated that the Serbs would not tolerate any foreign intervention not provided for by the constitution. The transformation of Bosnia into a satellite of the European Union is clearly not in the hands of the Serbian community, which suffered many oppression during the civil war.

Petr Iskenderov, an employee of the Institute of Slavic Studies, stresses that there was plenty of time to improve the socio-economic situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 20 years, the republic could be turned into a viable state, promoting inter-ethnic and inter-religious dialogue. But the authorities of the country went the other way, and instead tried to suppress Serbian nationalism, thereby setting the Serb community against themselves. As a result, the Serbs are angry at the high-handed "European integrators", and the country, due to the ineptly spent efforts, was on the verge of a precipice.

In addition to ethnic confrontation, in Bosnia there is a risk of spreading the ideas of radical Islam. But this is not an internal, but an external factor: the Bosnian Muslim mentality is different from the Arab mentality, so it will take a lot of time and money to turn Bosnians into warriors of Allah.

The interfaith conflict in Bosnia is local in nature and is not related to the global confrontation between Islam and other religions. However, if the sponsors of the world jihad want, they will be able to connect Bosnia to this universal struggle. Such actions can also be regarded as an intervention, but not from Europe.

As a result, the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina remains unclear. The last 20 years have passed in vain, and during this time the country has not created a working economic system and an effective administrative apparatus. Another wave of violence, and the country will at best be on the verge of disintegration and “divorce”, at worst - before the threat of civil war.
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  1. Lyapis
    Lyapis 13 February 2014 08: 32
    +18
    That’s interesting, but why about these demonstrations, no one makes tantrums in the media, they don’t write about people's desire for freedom and democracy, they don’t go to distribute cookies? request
    1. Civil
      Civil 13 February 2014 09: 19
      +1
      Serbs need to declare independence quietly, but even Serbia itself does not recognize them
    2. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 13 February 2014 09: 29
      +8
      Quote: Lyapis
      do not write about people's desire for freedom and democracy,

      Because these people are trying to overthrow democracy laughing
      1. svp67
        svp67 13 February 2014 10: 02
        +2
        Quote: Lyapis
        That’s interesting, but why about these demonstrations, no one makes tantrums in the media, they don’t write about people's desire for freedom and democracy, they don’t go to distribute cookies?

        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Because these people are trying to overthrow democracy

        Because if residents of countries aspiring to the EU find out what these riots are happening there and realize that this awaits them themselves, who want to sharply decrease ...
      2. a52333
        a52333 13 February 2014 10: 31
        +4
        Yeah, and pay attention: Bulgaria, Hungary, it seems this is the rule, and not the exception. But maydanutym even count on. Give me a head, give them a geyropu and that’s it.
        1. Tatarus
          Tatarus 13 February 2014 13: 23
          +2
          Quote: a52333
          But maydanutym even count on. Head teshi


          Judging by how much they are trying to get into Geyland and that Klitschko with () driving them, they are scratching the wrong place in the wrong place.
        2. fantast
          fantast 14 February 2014 10: 47
          0
          Quote: a52333
          But maydanutym even count on. Head teshi


          Judging by how much they are trying to get into Geyland and that Klitschko with () driving them, they are scratching the wrong place in the wrong place.
    3. infinite silence ...
      infinite silence ... 13 February 2014 13: 09
      0
      Quote: Lyapis
      do not go to distribute cookies


      So in Ukraine they ate everything! lol ...
      And our MayDowns and this mess is not an indicator ... Give them Europe ... squalid narrow-minded.
      1. Lyapis
        Lyapis 13 February 2014 13: 58
        +3
        And our MayDowns and this mess is not an indicator ... Give them Europe ... squalid narrow-minded.

        Well, but they have a goal and a dream (albeit very ... peculiar) laughing
      2. AVV
        AVV 13 February 2014 20: 30
        0
        Quote: infinite silence ...
        Quote: Lyapis
        do not go to distribute cookies


        So in Ukraine they ate everything! lol ...
        And our MayDowns and this mess is not an indicator ... Give them Europe ... squalid narrow-minded.

        Yes, and cookies, it was genomically modified !!!
    4. chunga-changa
      chunga-changa 13 February 2014 13: 41
      0
      What do you think?
      1. alone
        alone 13 February 2014 21: 25
        +1
        44% of the population are unemployed. So the anger of the citizens of BG is understandable. But the pogroms and arson
        jobs do not open. In a similar situation, Governments headed by the Prime Minister should have resigned. They brought people to a critical point. Those who were unemployed know what it is.
    5. tilovaykrisa
      tilovaykrisa 13 February 2014 23: 27
      0
      Yes, they are Judas, they swept the republic, they killed the Serbs, they wanted independence so get it !! May these devils cut each other the world will become cleaner.

      Ukraine, see what they cook for you !!!
    6. _Forgiven_
      _Forgiven_ 14 February 2014 11: 27
      0
      Because it is so necessary for the Gay European Union and the "Black Brother"
  2. Andrew 447
    Andrew 447 13 February 2014 09: 15
    +3
    Didn’t anyone come to the protesters with cookies ??? EU Parliament angrily not stigmatized the government of Bosnia ???
  3. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 13 February 2014 09: 18
    +7
    Europe forgot what the guerrillas of Yugoslavia are, well, let the troops be brought in, I’m sure that the people already understood that they were simply deceived, and just now, unification of Muslims and Christians, and just ordinary people, regardless of faith, can happen. After all, many more there remember how they lived in Yugoslavia.
    1. muhomor
      muhomor 13 February 2014 20: 34
      0
      It is unlikely that the memory of the last civil war is too fresh. So regardless of faith they will not unite. Although each denomination will probably be able to exhibit something military. But there will be no general command.
  4. Horn
    Horn 13 February 2014 09: 19
    0
    About 20 percent of the population is below the poverty line: the average salary in Bosnia is 420 euros or 19,7 thousand Russian rubles. Of course, prices in the country are higher than in Russia or the CIS republics, because Bosnia is striving for Europe.

    Yop! With an average salary of 19,7 tyrov, the inhabitants of many subjects of my vast Motherland would consider themselves quite wealthy people!
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 13 February 2014 09: 31
      +3
      Quote: Horn
      With an average salary of 19,7 tyrov, the inhabitants of many subjects of my vast Motherland would consider themselves quite wealthy people!

      At 420 euros in Europe you can drink, only coffee in the morning, although not, there’s still enough soap and rope wink
      1. Horn
        Horn 13 February 2014 09: 35
        +2
        And how long does the heating season last for them? Do they need so much winter clothes, shoes and high-energy food? Europe is different. As for the "cup of coffee" for 420 Euros - this is for the simple-minded. In Duisburg (I hope Germany is Europe?) I visit regularly.
        1. lpd1
          lpd1 13 February 2014 10: 51
          +1
          Do not la la ...!
          Everything is easily checked nowadays http://voronja-slobodka.blogspot.ru/2012/09/blog-post_24.html smile

          home loan vs the cost of a rented apartment.
          The most painful expense item ...
          We pay about 700 euros per month for a house, while on average, renting a two-three-room apartment in Bavaria costs about 500-600 euros per month ...
          well, let's not take Munich, take the provincial Nuremberg - 500 euros.
          The spread of 500-600-700 euros ...
          Vzhzhzhzhik 700evro from the account!
      2. Prometey
        Prometey 13 February 2014 09: 38
        +3
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        At 420 euros in Europe you can drink only coffee in the morning

        In Germany, the technical equipment in the hospital receives a beggarly salary of 800 euros. With this money, she rents a 3-room apartment, flies to her daughter to Canada 2 times a year, and, plus, goes to vacation in foreign resorts. Somehow does not fit with a cup of coffee.
      3. wolfhunter2035
        wolfhunter2035 13 February 2014 12: 07
        +1
        drank coffee, looked out the window, stood on a stool and (if there is enough money for the rope and soap) ... this is what awaits Ukraine if they join the EU!
      4. Horn
        Horn 13 February 2014 12: 27
        +1
        Prices for food and lunch in an inexpensive restaurant in Germany:


        Weekly consumer basket of different countries:
        aya-k
        orzina-na-nedelyu-v-raznyh-stranah.html>
        PS Nowadays, everything is so easily verified that you can’t even talk about coffee for 19 thousand rubles.
      5. infinite silence ...
        infinite silence ... 13 February 2014 13: 13
        +3
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        enough soap and rope


        Score. Buyer:
        -Give me a rope and soap.
        -You what !!! Gathered to hang up ???
        -No, bl ... I’ll wash myself in the mountains!

        So here ... Wash themselves in the mountains ... In the partisans.
    2. Val_y
      Val_y 13 February 2014 12: 39
      0
      Inattentively read, AVERAGE, some doherishchi receive, and some did not receive a salary until 2 years, so consider fool
    3. alekseinew
      alekseinew 13 February 2014 15: 13
      +1
      and what caused such indignation and minus of Horn, in the middle lane and even in the south of the s / n, is still
      13-15000 and this is not some exception
      1. soaring
        soaring 13 February 2014 18: 09
        +2
        I am on a disability pension, I have a 2nd group and a pension with all surcharges: 7500r ... And I do not mind 19000r !!!! But the state believes that I have enough for me ....))))
        Eh, our "leaders" for a couple of months for that kind of money "poshikat" ...
      2. yur
        yur 13 February 2014 23: 24
        -1
        Quote: alekseinew
        and what caused such indignation and minus of Horn, in the middle lane and even in the south of the s / n, is still
        So it’s Horn who writes that for 19 thousand rubles one can live a little worse than Abramovich.
        1. Horn
          Horn 14 February 2014 08: 39
          0
          Quote: yur
          Quote: alekseinew
          and what caused such indignation and minus of Horn, in the middle lane and even in the south of the s / n, is still
          So it’s Horn who writes that for 19 thousand rubles one can live a little worse than Abramovich.

          - Either you did not go to school, or you have recently studied and passed not normal exams, but the USE. This is where I write that for 19 thousand rubles. "You can live a little bit worse than Abramovich" ?! Quite the opposite, I write that salaries in many regions of Russia are completely miserable and many people only dream of 19 thousand!
          Here is the salary in the Altai Territory:
    4. yur
      yur 13 February 2014 23: 12
      0
      Quote: Horn
      Yop! With an average salary of 19,7 tyrov, the inhabitants of many subjects of my vast Motherland would consider themselves quite wealthy people!
      The average salary in the vastness of our Motherland is over 29 thousand rubles, and that many consider themselves to be quite well-to-do people? The trick is in this cryptic word "average". I do not think that the national income is distributed more fairly in Bosnia. And 44% of the unemployed are generally people without any income. So there is nothing to be surprised at by popular unrest.
      1. Horn
        Horn 17 February 2014 09: 11
        0
        The average salary in the Altai Territory is 18 thousand rubles. Medium.
  5. Old scoop
    Old scoop 13 February 2014 09: 26
    +5
    Interestingly, Nuland will distribute pies to the Serbs, or immediately send?
    1. Gecko
      Gecko 13 February 2014 12: 44
      +1
      They have already been fed democracy ...
  6. avt
    avt 13 February 2014 09: 41
    +3
    Quote: Old scoop
    Interestingly, Nuland will distribute pies to the Serbs, or immediately send?

    They will go straight to "lead investments".
    1. SPLV
      SPLV 13 February 2014 12: 43
      +2
      Quote: avt
      They will go straight to "lead investments".

      With democratic and healthy depleted uranium.
  7. Odysseus
    Odysseus 13 February 2014 09: 51
    +1
    This is what you need to convey to the deceived citizens of Ukraine - look at the results of reforms for the sake of European integration!
    And look at the position of the EU: in one case, a group of persons carries out a coup d'etat, but they cannot be touched with a finger, these are "peaceful protesters"; in the other, citizens only demand the protection of their social rights, but they are ready to carry out an armed intervention against them !!
    1. Tatarus
      Tatarus 13 February 2014 13: 25
      0
      Quote: Odyssey
      This is what needs to be conveyed to the deceived citizens of Ukraine — look at the results of reforms for the sake of Eurointegration.


      Yes there is no deceived on the Maidan. Or paid paras, or clinical stupid people.
    2. fantast
      fantast 14 February 2014 10: 48
      0
      Quote: Odyssey
      This is what needs to be conveyed to the deceived citizens of Ukraine — look at the results of reforms for the sake of Eurointegration.


      Yes there is no deceived on the Maidan. Or paid paras, or clinical stupid people.
  8. mountain
    mountain 13 February 2014 10: 03
    +1
    So soon, all of Europe will erupt.
  9. Mviktor
    Mviktor 13 February 2014 10: 14
    +1
    So, European politicians have seriously started talking about the occupation of the republic.

    Here it is the real face of Western democracy. The West is the historical enemy of Russia, it is urgent to restore order in Russia to clean the government from the proteges of the West, otherwise we will have it like in Ukraine. Russia urgently needs a pro-Russian leader who would restore the Russian economy. Now the Medvedev government is introducing electricity limits in order to get even deeper into the pocket of the people, then wait for the limit on water and air.
  10. paul72
    paul72 13 February 2014 10: 20
    +6
    Bosnia is a typical failed artificially blinded state
    this is the root of the problem
    in the 90s, the West had such dislike for the Serbs that it simply could not sniff
    as a result of abstruse combinations, such states on the ruins of Yugoslavia as Bosnia received
    and ordinary people now disentangle
    and what a flourishing state was Yugoslavia
  11. parus2nik
    parus2nik 13 February 2014 10: 46
    +1
    The Bosnian rebellion is ruthless and merciless ... and that the people characteristically forgot that they are Croats, Bosnians, Serbs .. Recall on a subconscious level that they are Slavs .. and that they are religiously separated by Croatian Catholics, Bosnian Muslims, Serbs - Orthodox, and the language is common and in this language they understand each other ..
  12. Leshka
    Leshka 13 February 2014 11: 05
    +1
    here you have the collapse of Yugoslavia
  13. 23424636
    23424636 13 February 2014 11: 14
    +4
    That’s what the east of Ukraine expects if Yanukovych gives the country to Europe. Western Ukraine and Kiev have forgotten that such a production - they do not care how to work out Western bills - singing or dancing. Eastern Ukraine is the strength and strength of the economy and the goal of the West is to destroy it.
    1. parus2nik
      parus2nik 13 February 2014 15: 21
      0
      That’s what the east of Ukraine is waiting for .... Well, they don’t learn from other people's mistakes, they don’t study .. They’re on their own .. when the kidneys fail ..
  14. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 13 February 2014 13: 06
    0
    GOOD ARTICLE - THANKS TO THE AUTHOR!
    1. Tatarus
      Tatarus 13 February 2014 13: 27
      0
      Quote: Robert Nevsky
      GOOD ARTICLE - THANKS TO THE AUTHOR!


      Immediately visible article read, pondered and expressed an authoritative and balanced opinion. This is what a properly configured bot program means. laughing
    2. fantast
      fantast 14 February 2014 10: 48
      0
      laughing
      Quote: Robert Nevsky
      GOOD ARTICLE - THANKS TO THE AUTHOR!


      Immediately you can see the article read, pondered and expressed authoritative and balanced opinion
  15. Tatarus
    Tatarus 13 February 2014 13: 31
    +1
    I think that Bosnia is ignited by the United States, which does not need a strong and united Europe. And the Europeans, instead of sending the States and becoming masters of the house (they will certainly allow the blame for it), are ready to drown the Balkans again in blood. But the militants will raise the military budget.
  16. Hellbringer
    Hellbringer 13 February 2014 14: 04
    +1
    Europe will introduce troops to restore order:
    1) will give rise to Sreb, Croat and Bosnians to finally unite in the face of an external enemy / interventionist.
    2) will give an occasion to the remaining government police forces to go over to the side of the protesters.
    It is a pity that there will be a lot of blood, but among European politicians there seem to be enough fools.
  17. shelva
    shelva 13 February 2014 16: 50
    +1
    and is someone there going to the European Union? !!!
  18. Horst78
    Horst78 13 February 2014 17: 33
    +1
    Let everything be terrible in the country - but how democratically it moves towards the West!
    deja vu deja vu deja vu sad
  19. GUSAR
    GUSAR 13 February 2014 19: 40
    +1
    The collapse of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single state is a matter of time, because nobody but America needs it
  20. Maksik
    Maksik 13 February 2014 22: 11
    +1
    Quote: Alexander Romanov
    Quote: Horn
    With an average salary of 19,7 tyrov, the inhabitants of many subjects of my vast Motherland would consider themselves quite wealthy people!

    At 420 euros in Europe you can drink, only coffee in the morning, although not, there’s still enough soap and rope wink

    Aunt in Germany lives, works and receives 800 euros. Of these, 400 goes to rent, and 400 lives, and normally - enough for everything. The unemployment benefit in Germany is 300 euros plus the allowance, at the state expense, the rent is paid. So in Germany they live normally, even enough for the unemployed. For reference: the allowance in Russia is 850 rubles - this is definitely not enough for soap and rope.
    1. Horn
      Horn 14 February 2014 08: 41
      0
      No, well, Alexander Romanov 400 euros only for a cup of coffee ...
  21. Sergey7311
    Sergey7311 14 February 2014 05: 17
    0
    The "powder magazine" of Europe is making itself felt!
  22. _Forgiven_
    _Forgiven_ 14 February 2014 11: 29
    0
    The last 20 years have passed in vain, and during this time a working economic system and an effective administrative apparatus have not been created in the country

    It reminds me of my "beloved incomplete country" Ukraine. Just like Bosnia, for 20 years they did not make any ren, they only pushed the people against each other, and meanwhile they themselves were actively plundering the country