The science of the state, operational strategic and historical An analysis of the international and domestic situation in the country urgently requires us to take a fully systematic approach to protecting the national interests of the Russian Federation from the negative impact of various threats and challenges on its development.
It is high time, not in words, but in practice, to stop the imitation of the turbulent apparatus activity of the officials who sat in countless different non-nominal advisory bodies, especially in the upper echelons of power. It is necessary to immediately proceed to the organizational and technical formation under the direct supervision and operational management of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, other troops, military formations, agencies, military and special forces of the Russian Federation centralized all-Russian system of national security and defense of the country.
The basis of this system should be made up of permanently and actively operating forces and facilities designed to ensure state, public, military security and national defense.
Some proposals from this area were published on the pages of the newspaper "MIC" (No. 42, 48, 2013 and No. 2, 2014). Judging by the comments, the topic has aroused great interest among specialists, but at the same time it has generated controversy. Therefore, it became necessary to present a brief justification for these proposals.
On the approaches to the post-industrial society
It is known that the laws of society, in contrast to the laws of nature, are formed and realized through the conscious activity of people. Scientists of the Academy of Military Sciences of the Russian Federation and other specialists studying the problems of security, defense and law and order constantly carry out scientific studies of that part of conscious activity that manifests itself in the form of various threats and challenges to Russia's national interests in the provision of state, public, military security of the Russian Federation and the country's defense.
The operational-strategic and historical analysis of such threats and challenges, as well as the consequences of their realization on the territory of the former socialist camp over the past 20 – 25 years, has shown that every year they become more and more complex, systematic, comprehensive. Carefully masquerading as full assistance to us in overcoming the so-called remnants of socialism as soon as possible, these threats and challenges have a powerful, coordinated in all directions negative impact on all aspects of the life and activities of the Russian Federation, the former Soviet republics, the CIS countries and our allies.
Recently, the realization of these threats and challenges has been carried out covertly, insidiously, sophisticatedly and massively in the form of large-scale strategic joint special and military operations (campaigns), including systematic terrorist and even military actions. In essence, they serve as distracting maneuvers from the directions of the main blow to the main components of the national security system - ideology, theoretical foundations, politics, state economy, government and military authorities, the media and culture, the key communication facilities and infrastructure of the state, other components socio-economic structure of the Russian Federation and other countries of the former socialist camp.
In order to effectively counter such threats and challenges, obviously, all the power structures of our state responsible for ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation need to focus their attention on organizing adequate joint strategic actions agreed on goals, tasks, directions, place, time and forces involved. Actions carried out under a single command according to a single plan and plan in the form of appropriate counter, retaliatory and other large-scale strategic joint special and military operations, counter-actions or campaigns.
Such joint strategic actions are impossible without the organizational and technical formation of a centralized All-Russian hierarchical, integrated and integral triune system for ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation. Systems under the direct supervision and operational-strategic management of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, other troops, military formations, bodies, military and special forces designed to ensure state, public, military security of the Russian Federation and national defense. These structures should act on behalf of the state continuously and continuously in all spheres of society in the interests of strict compliance with established laws and the rule of law.
The creation of such a state triune system in the so-called market conditions of life in modern Russia is especially important. It is necessary in order from the consumer society and trade in other people's goods and irreplaceable resources of the country under the control of various kinds of “watching”, lobbying and “roofing” to finally move on to building a full-fledged post-industrial society. A company that produces and sells its goods in a free market under the control of the established state triune national security system, which works disinterestedly in the interests of all the people of the Russian Federation and the peoples of the CIS.
Our modern ministries, departments and agencies have dumped from themselves all the basic functions inherent in all times and in all countries to the bodies of state power and administration, all links of the proposed triune system without exception. This is done under the guise of demagogy about the supremacy of market principles of irresponsible, instrumental, and only methodical supervision over the principles of responsible government. It is necessary to recall the principles of democratic centralism, unity of command and personal responsibility of officials for the tasks and functions assigned both to them personally and headed (or, as many modern top managers supervised) position themselves now, their bodies, forces and troops .
Considering that the basis of this system is a management subsystem, consisting, as is well known, of organs, means and control points, it is proposed that in the next five years priority attention be given to the organizational development of this particular subsystem. At the same time, it is necessary to begin with the formation of the supreme, supra-departmental and head, interdepartmental bodies of operational (operational-strategic and operational-tactical) management in those parts of the triune national security system of the Russian Federation where today there are no such bodies.
Imitation of vigorous activity
The analysis shows that the weakest links in this respect today are at the highest level of the state operational management.
Established operational management bodies responsible for solving the entire range of tasks of ensuring national security are currently completely absent both at the state, super-departmental and interdepartmental levels, and in some departments responsible for ensuring state, public and even military security.
Instead, the vicious practice of creating numerous non-staff deliberative bodies in the form of various councils, committees and commissions for each of the tasks and the bureaucratic apparatus serving them within the relevant view ministries and departments continues. As experience shows, these bureaucratic apparatuses are formed from employees with a minimum stock and even with a complete lack of systemic operational knowledge, skills, experience in managing large-scale joint strategic special and military actions and special operational training. These specialists are responsible for the volume and speed of workflow, and not for continuous duty, the organization of joint actions and the operational management of large-scale strategic operations. Vivid representatives of such bodies are, for example, the National Anti-Terrorism Committee, the National Anti-Drug Committee, the Commission on Combating Extremism and other national in name, but purely departmental, specific supervising bodies. This is characteristic even of the Military Industrial Commission under the government and the Security Council of the Russian Federation with their staffs and non-staff scientific councils and working groups.
Not for the first year, every time after the manifestation (realization) of the next threat to the national interests of the Russian Federation, it is declared that, under the heads of the relevant executive authorities, a regular, allegedly interdepartmental advisory body with the appropriate name is created (such as the Anti ... committee, the Commission to combat ... - ... commission, Council, Meeting, Group or even Headquarters, but also non-staff). It is formed, as a rule, from the same state officials. In fact, we are not only constantly late in providing effective response to each new threat, but we are not creating a real mechanism to reliably protect the national interests of the Russian Federation from the entire system of possible threats against our creation and development of a real people's democratic, not a bourgeois state. with criminal elements.
We only imitate vigorous activity and unreasonably inflate the bureaucracy in each of the relevant ministries and departments. It serves these non-staff, although interdepartmental in name bodies, which in essence are only advisory, administrative and political supervising bodies or, at best, coordination, and not operational management bodies.
The science of the state proves, and an analysis of the operational situation confirms that in all state bodies of modern Russia there is a long overdue need to move again from quasi-market, supposedly democratic, irresponsible apparatus, administrative methods of supervision and coordination to responsible staff operational methods of managing various types of and departmental forces, organs and means designed to protect the national interests of the Russian Federation from the negative impact and impact on the development of the state, society and the personality of the whole system of threats and challenges to the national interests of the Russian Federation.
The criterion for the quality of work of any bureaucratic apparatus is the workflow, and the indicators of work efficiency are the volume and speed of the workflow. At the same time, a high document flow is not at all a guarantee of the effective execution of operational tasks. At critical moments of joint military and special operations, bureaucrats can even turn into a real obstacle for operational staff.
The criterion of the quality of the work of the operational command or staff and operational staff is precisely the fulfillment of the operational task by the guided forces, bodies and personally to ensure the national security of the state, and the main indicator of work efficiency is the degree of protection of the state, society and the individual from the negative impact on them of the entire system threats and challenges to the national interests of the state.
The theory, history and world practice of state building show that the more freedom a state gives its people, enterprises and organizations of various forms of ownership in their activities to develop entrepreneurship, private business and thereby change the level of socio-economic, political, cultural and generally the life of society, all the more harsh, competent, incorruptible and all-embracing, such a state should have a system to ensure the protection of this activity from the negative influence and the impact of various external and internal threats and challenges to the national interests of the state, society and each individual.
Cancel collective irresponsibility
In accordance with the above, it is proposed first of all to strengthen the weakest link in the triune system of ensuring the national security of the state that is being formed. It is necessary to create a staff supreme operational control body under the direct supervision of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, other troops, military formations, bodies, military and special forces intended to ensure the national security of the Russian Federation.
This supreme operational management body should be responsible for the organization, strategic planning and control of construction, development, day-to-day operational and service activities of the Armed Forces, other troops, military formations, agencies, military and special forces to ensure the national security of the Russian Federation, advance and immediate planning and management of joint actions of troops, forces, facilities and bodies in strategic joint special and military operations and operational s activities, as well as operational training managers and teamwork training work controls in typical situations.
Formation of this supreme body of operational management and the corresponding reorganization of the existing "market" system of state management, more specifically, supervision is proposed to be carried out in the process of general staff reductions due to a sharp decrease in the number and number of irresponsible and corrupt hardware units performing only coordination and ensuring functions at all levels management, rational redistribution of staff and personnel of specialists in the field of organization and management of the operational use of forces and equipment in all areas of activity in the field of state, public and military security of the Russian Federation and the defense of the country.
Similar changes need to be made in the government of the Russian Federation. This refers to the creation, under the chairman of the government of the Russian Federation, of a special federal executive body for the administrative management (or administrative management of the processes) for the construction and development processes of a three-pronged system of organizations ensuring the state, public and military security of the Russian Federation and the defense of the country Russia).
Naturally, one of the main functions of the proposed supra-departmental government body of government should be the function of analyzing threats to the national interests of Russia in the military-technological sphere, strategic planning and management (and not irresponsible supervision) not only of military construction and the development of the military-industrial complex of Russia, but also development of the entire three-pronged system of ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation in the sphere of state, public, military Russian security and national defense. At the same time, the Military-Industrial Commission will be able to act, as before, in an emergency mode as an advisory body, meeting once a quarter or even less often. Corresponding supra-departmental pairs of operational and administrative management bodies are proposed to be created in federal districts, which will further strengthen the statehood and the vertical of power.
The advantage of the proposed management system is that in carrying out various tasks to ensure the security of the state, including the current struggle against terrorism, drug business, corruption and unhealthy protectionism in government, this system will not have to be rebuilt depending on changes in the conditions. It will only be necessary to enhance the operational core (composition) of the said controls at the expense of internal reserves without a fundamental change in the algorithms for their operation. The latter are debugged in the course of the permanent duty and daily activities of strategic analysis, planning and state management of the triune system of ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation.
Managed today with failures through various off-site councils, interdepartmental commissions, committees and working groups based on the principles of “collective irresponsibility” ultimately into an effective centralized state unified system for the provision of construction and Vitia of the people's democratic system in Russia under the Russian Federation's national security.