Military Review

European bribe takers: from survival to greed

33
Corruption has raged all over Europe. There are no exceptions: it turned out that not a single EU country is free from the hard work of bribe-takers who are firmly fused with the greedy bureaucrats from the state apparatus. Recently, Eurostat conducted the first study (apparently, sociologists did not believe in European corruption before) in the 28 countries of the European Union. And now, from the newspapers and the Internet, enlightened Europeans with dismay learned that the word “corruption” is well applied not only to “Putin's Olympics”. And not only they found out, but they also recalled that quite often they themselves dragged the money to the begging bureaucrat or saw how someone else was pulling it.


European bribe takers: from survival to greed


Sociologists have found: 76% of European citizens believe that corruption is widespread in Europe. More than half of these same citizens (56 percent) are confident that over the past three years, this type of bribe has risen to unbelievable limits (in the terminology of scientists, it has "increased significantly").

But the largest number: 85% of Europeans said they had witnessed corruption over the past year.

In total, almost one third (32 percent) of companies participating in government tenders and government procurement are confident that their loss is a consequence of corruption. Here are some examples by country: in Bulgaria, 58% of companies think so, in Slovakia - 57%, in Cyprus - 55%.

As noted by the European Commissioner for Domestic Politics Cecilia Malström, in many European countries there are relevant laws to combat corruption. There exist something, but for some reason the matter does not reach constant and universal application. In addition, in her opinion, law enforcement agencies lack resources. And some European countries have sunk to the point that they don’t even have the political will to fight corruption.

So go on, all the corruption will be the one to eat ...

99% of the inhabitants of Greece confirmed that corruption is a common thing. In Italy, 97% of respondents said about the "common thing". The three remaining Italian percentages are, of course, the mafia. She has her own attitude to business.

The leaders in the spread of corruption in the European Union are not Greece and Italy, but Romania and Bulgaria.

93% of Romanians believe that corruption is widespread among them. 84% of Bulgarians believe that their corruption is very strong. In 2013, there were even demonstrations against government ties with oligarchs.

The countries with the least corruption are Denmark and Finland.

There are no countries without corruption.

The European Commissioner for Domestic Policy says that corruption costs the European economy 120 billion euros per year, which is slightly less than the EU budget. A sort of parallel budget, we note, is created with ease. And someone carefully considers it. Cecilia Malmström noted that the actual rate of corruption could be higher.

“The magnitude of the problem in the EU is breathtaking. Corruption undermines confidence in democratic institutions, drains the economy and its resources and is an environment for the development of organized crime, ”Malmstrom wrote in the Swedish newspaper“ Goeteborgs-Posten ”.

Likhobory thrive in funding political parties, industrialize on the construction of cities, break the bank in health care and guard the construction of roads, Malmstrom said.

Well, this is for some reason not surprising. Those areas in which state and regional authorities are involved, just attract dashing people. The state struggle against corruption is ineffective precisely because the state is the main source of corruption. It would be naive to assume that the authorities will fight with themselves. It is the same as if the robber announced suddenly that he would fight the robbers. Other robbers would have laughed at such a statement for a long time, and then they would have put the boss in an insane asylum.

Something about corruption in the UK "Voice of Russia" told the press secretary of the interior of the European Commission Michele Serkone:

“In general, our results are positive. If there is anything that may require further efforts on our part, it is to limit the risk of bribing foreign officials in vulnerable industries, such as defense. In addition, we need to strengthen accountability in the management of banks.

When it comes to the political sphere, the commission proposes to reduce the costs of political parties, impose restrictions on the costs of various campaigns and ensure monitoring and prosecution of potential violations. ”


He stressed that there is not a single country in the EU without corruption spots.

Well, with the countries everything is clear. Everywhere there is corruption. And what about the supranational EU institutions that look, so to speak, at this disgrace from above?

And nothing. The European rulers themselves do not consider themselves.

This is no good. European commissioners should count corruption in the corridors of their own institutions, that is, in their own pockets. Supranational corruption, it seems, also exists. Oh, how human rights activists would be happy to learn that the European Commissioners are trying to catch themselves by the tail!

And now - a few words about where does corruption in the EU come from and why is it indestructible?

"Komsomolskaya Pravda" in Ukraine " published an opinion on the growth of corruption in the EU, Michael Dreher, a professor at the Institute of Political Science at the Friedrich Schiller University (Germany). This man gave an exclusive comment to the channel "BTB".

According to him, the problem of bribery is associated with a reduction in wages in the public sector. It became more difficult for officials to survive on salary alone. Now they are forced to take bribes. They need to support their families.

“Corruption grows when, for example, civil servants do not receive decent pay. That is, if you are a civil servant in Sweden, you can live very comfortably on your salary, you have little incentive to strive to earn more by dishonest means. You do not need corruption in order to survive. In other countries where there is a shortage of funds, for example, Greece, Portugal, where government pay has been drastically reduced, it is much harder for them to make ends meet, to earn enough money for themselves and their families. This becomes an incentive for corruption. If you pay people decent wages, if the state is capable of it, the level of corruption is sharply reduced. ”


On this explanation, hardly too convincing, Dreher did not stop.

He further noted that corruption exists not only at a low level of government, but also at the highest political level. True, here her reasons are completely different. The need to take bribes does not arise from questions of survival.

So, so interesting ...

“At high levels of corruption is also present. These people do not need money. Here, I think it’s about personal greed. Criminals in white collar is in any country. Many people in high positions think they deserve more. And they have good opportunities to achieve this by means of corruption. ”


Well, the channel "BTB" got a good expert. All laid out on the shelves. That is, if you are a poor state official, then you take bribes because of poverty: you have to support your family (single officials, undoubtedly, save the capital for the planned family future). If you are a wealthy official who occupies a solid post, then greed awakens in you, and you are already freaking out simply because you cannot stop.

If you follow Dreer's logic, the following will become clear. With the increase in salaries of officials or promotion of their careers, they begin to move the interests of not survival of the family, but greed. That is why, it turns out, corruption is ineradicable. Where survival ends, greed begins.

And without Euro-analytics we did not know that!

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
33 comments
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  1. Lyapis
    Lyapis 11 February 2014 07: 19
    +2
    There is no country in the EU without spots of corruption.
    Well, with the countries everything is clear. Everywhere there is corruption. And what about the supranational EU institutions that look, so to speak, at this disgrace from above?
    And nothing. The European rulers themselves do not consider themselves.
    1. kris
      kris 11 February 2014 14: 35
      0
      It seems that the author justifies our corruption thieves!
      1. Geisenberg
        Geisenberg 11 February 2014 16: 01
        +3
        Quote: kris
        It seems that the author justifies our corruption thieves!



        It always happens when there is a place where worse than ours. When it seems necessary to be baptized.
      2. AVV
        AVV 11 February 2014 16: 10
        +1
        Quote: kris
        It seems that the author justifies our corruption thieves!

        And plant them, shoot while there is such a profession as an official it is not possible to defeat corruption !!! Mankind has been fighting this evil from the very beginning of its existence, and WHO should not be confused with the World Health Organization, and now there !!! But this is necessary strive, under a lying stone and water will not flow !!!
        1. kris
          kris 11 February 2014 16: 21
          0
          Quote: AVV
          And plant them, shoot

          starting with the most?
      3. RussianRu
        RussianRu 11 February 2014 16: 23
        +4
        You still say that there is lobbying. And corruption is only in Russia.
  2. Yuri Y.
    Yuri Y. 11 February 2014 08: 01
    +2
    And without Euro-analytics we did not know that!

    Haha, otherwise we didn't know, I agree with the commentator. While there is "consume" it will not be otherwise.
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 11 February 2014 12: 52
      +2
      What will change if officials cancel wages? Well, they will get outraged, they will pay off. And that's all. Bribes will not increase at all, and neither will paid services. The market has already adjusted everything. They will gnaw each other. An unprecedented reduction of staff will come. Only those necessary for their comfortable existence will remain. And the saved funds, half of the country's budget, should be directed to medicine, science, education and social services. AND? If you want a job, buy it from the state by tender. Like this! What now? Yes, the same thing, but under the state roof in the form of "scanty" salaries of half a million a month. He - the state, also needs to feed their families.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 11 February 2014 12: 52
      +1
      What will change if officials cancel wages? Well, they will get outraged, they will pay off. And that's all. Bribes will not increase at all, and neither will paid services. The market has already adjusted everything. They will gnaw each other for the opportunity to earn extra money themselves. An unprecedented reduction of staff will come. Only those necessary for their comfortable existence will remain. And the saved funds, half of the country's budget, should be directed to medicine, science, education and social services. AND? If you want a job, buy it from the state by tender. Like this! What now? Yes, the same thing, but under the roof of the state in the form of "scanty" salaries, like, half a million a month. He - the state, also needs to feed their families.
  3. treskoed
    treskoed 11 February 2014 08: 04
    +4
    If you are a wealthy official holding a solid post, then greed wakes up in you, and you are extorting it simply because you cannot stop.

    Rather, because they do not stop! We need to take the positive experience of China! At least as a pilot, for several years !!! Several processes with "towers" instantly sober up the presumptuous !!!
    1. Arhj
      Arhj 11 February 2014 08: 50
      +4
      Quote: treskoed
      Rather, because they do not stop! We need to take the positive experience of China! At least as a pilot, for several years !!! Several processes with "towers" instantly sober up the presumptuous !!!

      To take China’s experience means to acknowledge that corruption is a problem, and according to the official version, corruption in the EU is at the same level as the e.s. in USSR. That is, there is none of it.
      Again humanism and tolerance. They themselves are screaming at every corner and they are telling us that it is impossible to imprison for nonviolent crimes, but for economic ones. And if the bribe-taker is a woman, colored and even non-traditional, even judge her violation of democracy.
      1. Altona
        Altona 11 February 2014 09: 20
        +3
        Quote: Arhj
        Again humanism and tolerance. They themselves are screaming at every corner and they are telling us that it is impossible to imprison for nonviolent crimes, but for economic ones. And if the bribe-taker is a woman, colored and even non-traditional, even judge her violation of democracy.

        ------------------
        In the hotbed of US democracy, however, women are sentenced to death and teenagers are given life sentences ... And nothing ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Draz
      Draz 11 February 2014 12: 46
      0
      The experience of China just did not show this, despite the death penalty they continue to steal, they only do it wisely.
      The latter case was made of gold toilets; the citizen was clearly frightened by the prospect of the death penalty.
      1. Yuri Y.
        Yuri Y. 11 February 2014 13: 52
        0
        Guys, you make the fir-trees repeat themselves. While there is "consume!" there will be people who will seek funds for this "consume!" There will be a circle that will justify any means. Means can be any, someone will agree with himself. This is the worst thing when you negotiate with your conscience. And there is also ideology (religion) that says, deceive.
  4. Sanyht
    Sanyht 11 February 2014 08: 49
    +4
    CORRUPTION - THIS WHEN ALL THELETS !!! What does the prize look like at the Olympics, the country of Ukraine, which cannot repay debts, even on salaries? so 10 times HIGHER than CANADA, where hard workers live normally and where Harant does not buy helicopters for themselves, five times more expensive than that of the US President!
  5. calocha
    calocha 11 February 2014 08: 59
    +3
    CAPITALISM = CORRUPTION. Thanks to censorship in the EU, we don’t know much. In China, they fight this evil and they succeed ....
  6. Shadowcat
    Shadowcat 11 February 2014 09: 02
    +5
    In the competition against corruption, the first place was not sold ....
  7. Altona
    Altona 11 February 2014 09: 17
    +2
    If you persistently and consistently engage in fucking the national economies of the "Young Europeans", what the EU is doing, then why be surprised? Where will the budgets of these countries find money for salaries of civil servants and for pension benefits? Don't they see this problem?
  8. sscha
    sscha 11 February 2014 09: 21
    +2
    Off topic. but a little about their morality: see yesterday’s issue (evening) news 24 on Ren TV.
    In front of children’s eyes, a giraffe is killed, butchered and fed to lions ??? !!!!
    And the killing (annual!) Of dolphins off the coast ??? !!!
    And all this is in "prosperous" Denmark. am
    And then they will teach us (Europeans) how and what we should teach our children ??? !!! am
    hi
    N a d o e l o !!!! Better teach your spiders! hi
  9. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 11 February 2014 09: 26
    +4
    And what are ours better? There are still no laws on taxation in excess of income, on control over the export of capital. There are no open checks on the consistency of expenses and incomes of high-ranking officials and high-ranking security officials. The practice of "golden parachutes" has not been stopped. Even the landmark trials of "glorified" corrupt officials and fraudsters often fall apart, and a big thief manages to hide abroad. The authorities know all this, but they do not seem to see it.
    1. Draz
      Draz 11 February 2014 13: 01
      +2
      Not better. Explain what excess revenue is and how to calculate it. Most of the capital is withdrawn illegally, through one-day firms or through cashing, which the Central Bank began to fight by the way. In order to prevent the export of capital, law enforcement officers should sit above each firm; nobody in the world can organize this for you. Previously, they didn’t talk about this at all, now at least the clarification has begun, slowly, but we are slowly harnessing, as they say. The fact of the trial of Serdyuk is a great progress, because 10 years ago no one would have seen or recognized this. The length of the process is a characteristic feature of the judicial system, and to say without evidence that everything was bought there is to mislead people.

      On the topic: there was and will be rent, there was less of it in the USSR (IMHO), BUT it was.
      Now - capitalism, and what do you want when in the private sector it is put on stream and is not prosecuted in any way, and then people move to the public service?

      This is a systemic infection and treating one part of the body - it makes no sense. The infection spreads in the blood of the body - these are people. And people, regardless of nation, religion of residence, are the same in most cases, which is confirmed by studies in the EU.
  10. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 11 February 2014 10: 12
    0
    Where corruption is not fought, there it flourishes, but in modern Putin's Russia, no one fights against it, and it grows how much the "guarantor" stole, I don't know, but surely enough, everyone looks at him and sees "can" here and they steal, the Serdyukov case is exemplary. Only hydrocarbons keep Russia afloat, only their sale and protects (for now) the Putin regime from another revolution, take oil and gas from Russia, and Russia will turn into Ukraine. Civil society as the basis There is no democracy in Russia, the level of authority of the authorities is somewhere around zero. In Europe, it is a little different, but the essence is the same, thieving officials have to look back at "civil society", in China there is no "civil society", but the authorities have authority , which she should support, removing the heads of the most presumptuous thieves from the AK. Bottom line: the EU (they steal), there is a civil society that at the very least monitors the situation with thieves, the thief has to look around one way or another, there is no authority in the EU. China ( thief comfort), there is no civil society, as well as democracy, and to hell with it, but there is the authority of the ruling party of the CPC, which it supports, the thief has to think, "but if I get caught with my brains," one way or another but you have to think before the "case". The thief (if caught) was shot, the authority of the CCP grew even more. And finally, the most deplorable state: Russia (not just stealing, but 3,14 go on a large scale everything that is good and bad), civil society before the angry face of which a thief could appear, there is no authority in power, and as for me, it also lacks legitimacy. What should stop the thief? Putin chtoli, but one thief will not interfere with the other, "United Russia" -in the people "Party of Crooks and Thieves", everything is clear here too, so what then to cry and look at China and the EU? Let them solve their problems themselves, but we have plenty of our own.
    1. Walk
      Walk 11 February 2014 20: 00
      +1
      You know, I do not want such a "civil society" as in the EU. And I don't want such a fake democracy. And about the authority of the authorities, ask the "bogies". Something they no longer rage. I confess I looked at your profile. After that, I am no longer surprised by the content of your post. The education received during the Yeltsin era, and mainly from the Internet, is making itself felt. This is what makes you think that you and a handful of the same Kreakl are the whole people. If in your words the word "people" is replaced by "a community of young people who live not in real life, but in social networks," then I would agree with you.
  11. Averias
    Averias 11 February 2014 10: 30
    +3
    Finally, they started talking about corruption in Europe. It's high time, it's just a pity that there is not a word about the United States in the article. As well as about France, England and Germany. But the apotheosis of corruption in the same States reached its climax. Exemption of large corporations from taxes (and this is clearly about lobbied in the Senate) - is it not corruption? Sawing money by the Pentagon, together with various companies (DARPA for example), into all sorts of Weapons of Future (which are only in the form of prototypes, and many are just theory on paper) - is this not corruption? Policemen at "work" with mafia men. Purchased media, banking chaos. Construction of hazardous industries in crowded places. The Nestlé company, which buys up protected springs in the United States, imposes a ban on their use by local residents (who have used them from time immemorial), pump water, pack them up and sell them to the same residents. People are in fact prohibited from using what belongs to them by right and by state law. Northern California is drinking water, but Southern California is a big problem with it. All attempts to build water pipelines from state to state fail. The lobby is too watery. Of course, selling bottled water is profitable, it is profit. And many, many and many more why ...

    PS I did not write about England, France and Germany. Tired of typing. Here is a bit:
    England, you can always negotiate with the right people and get special numbers for trips and parking in central London (for funky of course). The same applies to parking (those who hang fines on the windshield) - you can solve the issue on the spot. The largest hypermarket chains sell the wrong products (the country of origin, the origin of the production, the wrong composition and others) is not corruption (after all, some official put his signature and turned a blind eye to the violation).
    France is a communal sphere, a sphere of residence and work. Tax fraud.
    Germany - the social sector (benefits), medicine (medical treatment for free), pensions. There are also hypermarkets and everything related to this (especially social stores). Large concerns giving bribes to accommodate their interests. The officials who regulate the presence of foreign companies in their market.

    All tired.

    PS More As the hero of the film, performed by Boyarsky, said the Lord! Corruption will destroy this country.
  12. tilovaykrisa
    tilovaykrisa 11 February 2014 10: 54
    +1
    Yes, she (korupashka) is always and everywhere, ours at least do not deny it, unlike the gay people laughing
  13. SAMARA
    SAMARA 11 February 2014 10: 55
    +3
    Lyosha !! Bulk !! Europe needs you !! Forward!! Corruption is happening there !!
  14. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 11 February 2014 11: 05
    0
    This "subspecies" of a corrupt person is evolving at an "enviable" speed, and it looks like it is indestructible!
  15. Fin
    Fin 11 February 2014 12: 06
    +1
    Something I do not observe denials from our local democrats.
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 11 February 2014 12: 44
      0
      It has become more difficult for officials to survive on just one salary. Now they are forced to take bribes. After all, they need to support their families.

      But the Democrats have already answered, and ours silently agreed.
  16. alal
    alal 11 February 2014 12: 56
    -4
    Quote: Fin
    Something I do not observe denials from our local democrats.

    Corruption is part of human nature.

    MegaSuperHyperCorruption is a part of the Russian "society". What is there to deny? However, instead of fighting it, the "potreotegs" only indicate - ay-ay-ay - and in Omeriga, okazyvatstsa, also corruption ... Well, in the same place, ml-yat, people also live, not Martians.

    Such articles are not worth commenting.
    1. datur
      datur 11 February 2014 18: 27
      0
      Well, after all, it’s geyropeically called -lobby wassat
    2. datur
      datur 11 February 2014 18: 27
      0
      Well, after all, it’s geyropeically called -lobby wassat
    3. zardoz
      zardoz 13 February 2014 06: 12
      0
      Well, since it’s not worth commenting, why are you commenting?
      And everything that you write about the "Russian" society "is inherent in all societies :)
    4. zardoz
      zardoz 13 February 2014 06: 12
      0
      Well, since it’s not worth commenting, why are you commenting?
      And everything that you write about the "Russian" society "is inherent in all societies :)
  17. konvalval
    konvalval 11 February 2014 14: 55
    0
    There is no limit to greed. They probably think that in the next world everything can be bought. And the recipe for how to live longer gave Zeldin.
  18. Walk
    Walk 11 February 2014 20: 14
    0
    Quote: alal
    Corruption is part of human nature

    That's right, therefore, it is not necessary for European politicians and our fifth column to yell at all angles about the terrible level of corruption in Russia. Corruption itself is no less. Rather, even more, judging by the article on the development of funds for the restoration of Iraq. Our American officials still have to grow and grow.
  19. bear
    bear 11 February 2014 21: 43
    +1
    The most effective fighter against corruption was Stalin, probably 10 times thought before taking.