Military Review

US Army funds development of unmanned trucks

43
US Army funds development of unmanned trucks



In January of this year, Lockheed Martin conducted an Autonomous Mobility Appliqué System (AMAS) [1] test at the Fort Hood test site in Texas, which is designed to turn any army truck into an unmanned vehicle. The system is being developed as part of the 11-million contract concluded in 2012. After installing a set of sensors and control systems on an ordinary truck, it will be able to fully autonomously navigate roads, including urban ones, go around obstacles, respond to the appearance of pedestrians and other cars. If necessary, they can be controlled remotely.

▶ 2014 Autonomous Mobility Appliqué System - Capabilities Advancement Demonstration (AMAS CAD) - YouTube



Several unmanned trucks can move the column. The main threat to the convoy in the field of hostilities - mines, improvised explosive devices and suicide bombers. Autonomous trucks will be able to deliver cargo without risking the lives of drivers. Just like in the cars that Google is developing, the unmanned truck is oriented in space with the help of a lidar.

Lockheed Martin already has experience developing autonomous army vehicles, albeit on a smaller scale. Squad Mission Support System (SMSS) [2], a six-wheeled autonomous all-terrain vehicle for transporting ammunition, equipment and ammunition of small units, has already been field tested in Afghanistan. He is able to follow the soldiers in a fully automatic mode, go on a given route or be controlled remotely via satellite.

▶ SMSS - Squad Mission Support System - YouTube



The armies of industrialized countries are increasingly robotized. Unmanned aerial vehicles already surprise no one. The border of South Korea is guarded by [3] robots-gunners from Samsung. According to Scott Hartley, co-founder and chief engineer of 5D Robotics, by the 2023 year there will be a dozen different robots per soldier of the US Army [4], from reconnaissance and cargo to combat.

references
1. http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2014/january/mfc-013014-us-army-lm-complete-advanced-autonomous.html
2. http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/smss.html
3. http://habrahabr.ru/post/99292/
4. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9244060/US_military_may_have_10_robots_per_soldier_by_2023


Footage from both videos: A column of trucks without drivers skirts obstacles. Soldiers go light, accompanied by a six-wheeled vehicle carrying stuff; visible fast-rotating scanner surrounding areas.


























Originator:
http://habrahabr.ru/post/211711/
43 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. horoh
    horoh 8 February 2014 07: 26
    +1
    Interesting toys, but how will they behave in real combat or off-road conditions?
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 8 February 2014 08: 03
      +8
      Yes, they will lead normally, I think the tests before they are accepted for service should be, otherwise how?
      It will be normal, their battle tactics will fit into the concept, they will be accepted, and they will save soldiers' lives, and in the battle, I think they can help, they can be sent to carry out risky tasks, where to send people is like sending death to death.
      1. SibRUS
        SibRUS 8 February 2014 08: 26
        +5
        Our design bureau now needs to work on electronic warfare equipment, so that such toys at some point become useless. Although most likely such work is underway.
        1. ICT
          ICT 8 February 2014 08: 45
          +4
          Quote: SibRUS
          over EW tools, so that such toys at some point become useless. Although most likely such work is underway.


          the adversary also improves defense as a result --- parity
      2. APASUS
        APASUS 8 February 2014 23: 37
        0
        Quote: mirag2
        Yes, they will lead normally, I think the tests before they are accepted for service should be, otherwise how?

        Yes, of course it's normal, they have enough pasta for all !!
        It is not clear the effect of this complex in conditions of fog, rain of intense shelling. It is incomprehensible traffic control system in relation to the fighter or analysis of information from the entire unit.
        Yes, I’m writing a dozen more incomprehensibly to them ...
    2. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 8 February 2014 09: 31
      +1
      People are not in fashion ...
    3. AVV
      AVV 8 February 2014 11: 17
      -3
      Quote: horoh
      Interesting toys, but how will they behave in real combat or off-road conditions?

      And where will the mechanic go, or these cars will not break? And for repair, Robots will also be used ??? Some questions, but so far without answers !!!
      1. ICT
        ICT 8 February 2014 11: 28
        +3
        Quote: AVV
        And where will the mechanic go, or these cars do not break?

        will wait
        in point a or b (like nobody is repairing a plane in the air, they carried out the schedule, performed the pre-flight and before it only without songs)
        1. viktorR
          viktorR 8 February 2014 18: 36
          -2
          Where is the guarantee that they will not arrive at point (b) unloaded))?
          1. ICT
            ICT 8 February 2014 19: 33
            +3
            Quote: viktorR
            Where is the guarantee that they will not arrive at point (b) unloaded))?

            in the same place as the guarantee in the presence of fighters in the cabs of trucks.
            1. viktorR
              viktorR 10 February 2014 13: 54
              +1
              I do not really agree with you, because I'm a programmer, and in general, although I don’t work with systems close to AI, I’m very interested in them. I can tell you that the capabilities of such a technique do not allow replacing a person at this stage. Work on the program, albeit sometimes difficult (which in comparison with a person is generally primitive), but all the same, the program will lead to logical results.
              How far will such a car go on its own if you fall asleep a piece of dirt road and make an offshoot in front of the embankment, while you can jam the jiese, you can not jam it). The entire program is down, if such an option is not laid down initially. But to follow in a column with people or people, this is a good option. Although, again, maybe a carrier with a gun was preferable.
  2. ICT
    ICT 8 February 2014 08: 16
    +3
    MYSELF CONCEPT IS EXTREMELY INTERESTING
    just in the same supply column you can reduce truck drivers to a minimum,
    A mule with a bundle of ammunition and other supplies looks certainly great, but in real special operations it is vulnerable and may be the first to attack and turn into a dead load,

    so at first glance what is seen
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 8 February 2014 17: 51
      +3
      Quote: TIT
      but in real special operations, he is vulnerable and may be the first to attack and turn into a dead weight,
      Better is just a dead load than a dead load and the corpses of soldiers in it.
  3. ramsi
    ramsi 8 February 2014 08: 23
    +3
    yes, impressive. It’s interesting, but they can, depending on the nature of the pavement, choose the optimal path
    1. ICT
      ICT 8 February 2014 08: 43
      +2
      Quote: ramsi
      optimal trajectory


      in short yes they can
    2. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 8 February 2014 10: 40
      +4
      Quote: ramsi
      yes, impressive. It’s interesting, but they can, depending on the nature of the pavement, choose the optimal path

      And quite a long time ago, this is not a new technology, it is already several years old, they just decided to increase the size of the machine.


      1. ramsi
        ramsi 8 February 2014 13: 33
        0
        in fact, it doesn’t seem like choosing the optimal trajectory, the trolley just rushes to the full power of an all-terrain chassis, or it sticks to the road
        1. ICT
          ICT 8 February 2014 19: 51
          +2
          Quote: ramsi
          in fact, it doesn’t seem like choosing the optimal trajectory, the trolley just rushes to the full power of an all-terrain chassis, or it sticks to the road

          they are a little more detailed, but not everything (and sensors increased on the chassis) somewhere there was still a video where there is a slightly different chassis, there he went around the quarry and heaped from plates
          1. ramsi
            ramsi 9 February 2014 08: 50
            +1
            in principle, of course, the equipment will not adequately appreciate serious off-road equipment: like, it’s worth climbing into this puddle, or better crawling along the edge, at the risk of slipping into the ditch on the muddy ground; but yes, this is probably not necessary, just confident traffic along the road is hard to overestimate. Although incidents are possible here: a cow has stood on the road and is standing ...
            1. ICT
              ICT 9 February 2014 11: 24
              +1
              Quote: ramsi
              in principle, of course, the equipment will not adequately appreciate serious off-road equipment: like, you should climb into this puddle

              this is understandable, but here it is important whether such tasks were set during the tests,
              robots have something to strive for in this regard wink
              1. ramsi
                ramsi 9 February 2014 11: 55
                0
                no, no, I think, in principle, this is not necessary, but the typical practical situation is a military convoy with a minimal amount of human cover
                1. Andriuha077
                  9 February 2014 13: 42
                  0

                  youtube.com/results?search_query=A car without a driver_ US project “UAV”
                2. The comment was deleted.
  4. Mizhgan
    Mizhgan 8 February 2014 08: 37
    +3
    This technique is still just expensive toys. And easy prey for the enemy. Maybe in the future it will be possible for the "partners" to create a "skynet". But the Russian peasant is dangerous because of his unpredictability.
    1. tatkali
      tatkali 8 February 2014 09: 05
      +7
      Well, of course, the Russian peasant does not need new technologies, give him all the stones and clubs. But is it unpredictable because of drunken stupor or just a savage from the mountains? Explain.
      1. itkul
        itkul 8 February 2014 12: 47
        0
        Quote: tatkali
        Well, of course, the Russian peasant does not need new technologies, give him all the stones and clubs


        No, he also needs a beautiful shape like here, it’s interesting there is something similar in other countries

    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. rumpeljschtizhen
      rumpeljschtizhen 8 February 2014 11: 34
      +2
      Mizhgan You are a warm example of the first trouble in Russia
    4. alone
      alone 8 February 2014 12: 14
      +4
      Quote: Mijgan
      This technique is still just expensive toys. And easy prey for the enemy. Maybe in the future it will be possible for the "partners" to create a "skynet". But the Russian peasant is dangerous because of his unpredictability.


      I suggest you go and grab this "easy" prey. If, of course, you manage to get close to the prey and get out of there alive. All the same, listening to Zadornov's speeches, it was necessary
      understand that He is still a satirist))) It's just him "The Americans are very tuu-pyy-her"
      1. Andriuha077
        8 February 2014 13: 35
        0
        About 10 years ago, autonomous 5,45 mm packs were shown, shooting down RPGs on approach.
        Here there are such in the corners and will hang, in the amount of 4-8 units.
        The reaction rate is higher than human by orders of magnitude, ammunition is standard.
        And we with their clubs, forward, to the bullets, to the mines.
    5. Greenwood
      Greenwood 8 February 2014 18: 03
      +1
      The "partners" thus reduce human losses on their part to a minimum, which makes it possible to conduct hostilities for a long period of time almost painlessly. Are we going to kill people again? Have you thought about it?
    6. AnaBat
      AnaBat 8 February 2014 18: 30
      -1
      On the topic of patriotism ...
  5. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 8 February 2014 09: 20
    +4
    I liked the front end conveyor very much. Electric traction, radar, PCT with remote control, cameras in a circle with a good resolution and here's a head marching patrol, as an addition for some reason to "send", send, deliver, give a lift under fire. I like the theme more and more.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 8 February 2014 10: 46
      +1
      Quote: Dmitry 2246
      I liked the front end conveyor very much. Electric traction, radar, PCT with remote control, cameras in a circle with a good resolution and here's a head marching patrol, as an addition for some reason to "send", send, deliver, give a lift under fire. I like the theme more and more.

      Here is another, more compact
  6. Major_Vortex
    Major_Vortex 8 February 2014 09: 34
    +1
    Great topic. Many soldier lives will be saved. I would have put the explosive charge remotely controlled from the remote control into the cockpit, in case the enemy captured such a vehicle.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 8 February 2014 10: 51
      +1
      Quote: Mayor_Vikhr
      Great topic. Many soldier lives will be saved. I would have put the explosive charge remotely controlled from the remote control into the cockpit, in case the enemy captured such a vehicle.

      There is a squib that burns electronics in the event of a capture or critical damage, so anything is possible. yes
    2. Greenwood
      Greenwood 8 February 2014 17: 54
      +3
      I think the means of self-liquidation will be provided there. Americans are far from fools, as many here consider them.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. Alexei-
    Alexei- 8 February 2014 11: 04
    0
    IMHO, this 6-wheeled mule, a suitcase without a handle. There was no sadness, they stomped with a backpack hung around. Well, they put the heavy stuff in the cart. It seems that it became easier, but the headache increased (security, maintenance, unmasking, no weapons, zero armor). that as a messenger under fire .... it is more rational to insert an unmanned function into armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, armored vehicles ("tiger", etc.). And God himself ordered the trucks with our open spaces and GLONASS. But, unfortunately, in in our system, conscripts are cheaper (I mean in the rear, in transport).
  10. lpd1
    lpd1 8 February 2014 11: 37
    +3
    Going on a trip, please note that we have passed this stage. Driving many vehicles (located?) Suspicious robots laughing
  11. svoi
    svoi 8 February 2014 11: 53
    0
    There will be someone to send for beer :)
  12. MAG
    MAG 8 February 2014 13: 01
    +1
    When reading the article, I immediately had the thought "I wish I could" steal "a whole column". The Iranians intercepted the drone and the worse we are))))
    1. Andriuha077
      8 February 2014 13: 43
      +1
      And what is there to steal, mobile phones ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_(architecture) in China, motors from a window regulator in a car shop, and software doped with ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google unmanned car_Google, originally freely available and developed by Novgorodians: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenCV
      There is nothing to steal, everything has already been stolen from us.
      1. Greenwood
        Greenwood 8 February 2014 17: 55
        +1
        Surprisingly, why do we not have such developments ?! However, this is a rhetorical question.
  13. Greenwood
    Greenwood 8 February 2014 17: 59
    +2
    Impressive to say. Very promising in my opinion, a technology that will allow in the future to save the lives of soldiers as much as possible. As for the protection of vehicles, they will probably be equipped with any automatic turrets with motion sensors that will prevent the enemy from approaching close range. And to the extreme, the self-destruction system will do its job. I respect Americans very much in this, they try to save the lives of soldiers. In combination with drones, remotely controlled vehicles without people will soon wage war from the United States. One FIG is not a pity, the industry will make a new one, but people cannot be returned from the other world. We would also like to think about similar technologies and methods of warfare.
  14. AnaBat
    AnaBat 8 February 2014 18: 20
    0
    There was just an article about the lack of soldiers in the US. Now it’s clear that they need to do unmanned cars. Right now, from the air, local residents of demarcated countries are being killed, and now they will begin to crush! Sk ... us.
  15. homosum20
    homosum20 8 February 2014 20: 08
    +2
    Dear, do not be lazy, look at the Discovery (this is accessible to everyone), as Ford or Nissan produce in America and ours. Nissan factory in America - people are not visible. They, of course, are, but not visible. Either very small, or very small. Rather, the second.
    The plot is about our car industry. Nissan production. Slogan. "mastered advanced world technologies." Four men pushed the torpedo, pulled the door, then each gripper suspended on a spiral spot welding unit and, with the habitually practiced movement of the knee, pressing the piece of iron, dexterously began to poke the sting of the apparatus into the body. The body sweats (close-up) floats into the control area, where laser beams strip it and a voice-over reports that the accuracy of the gaps (pressed by the knee) is up to tenths of a millimeter. I graduated from the Polytechnic under the Union. Listening to this is an insult.
    In technology without human intervention, we are not 10, 20, 30 .... years behind. We are behind forever. In civilian life, this may be unimportant. (cost is not always the main thing). But in war, this cost will be just a cost. In units of human lives. I am not for myself. They won’t call me - old. Banging at the place of residence. I have children. For power. Let's not fool ourselves.
    People will fight. But providing a war is most likely not necessary. They have 600 million in the EU and 300 million in the United States. Catch up and overtake
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 9 February 2014 11: 29
      +1
      Quote: homosum20
      Sweat body (close-up) floats into the control area, where it is striking laser beams and voice-overs indicate that the accuracy of the gaps (pressed by the knee) is up to tenths of a millimeter.

      This indicates the high qualifications of our workers. wink laughing
      They have it, we have it. They have robots (on which they are completely crazy, look at the Japanese), and we have people.
      Here is an example if what happens to humanity (if for a long time they will replace a person in everything):


      So let them degrade slowly. On health, do not mind. laughing
  16. Yurgens
    Yurgens 8 February 2014 21: 20
    0
    Quote: AnaBat
    On the topic of patriotism ...

    it’s not entirely clear why there is more patriotism or backwardness
  17. fzr1000
    fzr1000 8 February 2014 22: 29
    0
    Ugh, you ... I thought it was about transport UAVs. But this is also impressive.
  18. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 8 February 2014 22: 55
    +1
    And a fundamentally new struggle will unfold ... First, of course, units will seek to steal carts with equipment from each other - there is no army in which one unit does not seek to steal at least a couple of buckets from the other. Not to mention personal initiatives, so to speak ... But here is such a luxury - but we have nothing to do with it !! How do we know why a couple of platforms with a booze have strayed behind our platoon? This is all a damn technique!
    Secondly, issue a command to the American truck, so that he would crush that general — what could be more beautiful for our EW units? That will be fun! laughing And video "hijacking" from cameras is also excellent. Only about super-top-secret communication protocols are not necessary, they have already heard a lot. Open up, in general, will not go anywhere.
    Much more can be said about this ... In general, what they don’t do in America in order to lure their “heroes” into the army. So they gave out remote controls from cars with radio control ...
  19. loginovich
    loginovich 8 February 2014 23: 02
    0
    In the conditions of radiation will not work
    1. Andriuha077
      10 February 2014 12: 58
      0
      In the 4 block inside, they work quite well. It is different in level, radiation.
  20. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 9 February 2014 12: 21
    0
    Well, soldiers of Western countries like to carry a lot of junk with them, what can you do.
    However, do not forget that, along with seemingly undeniable advantages, remotely controlled equipment will have the same undeniable disadvantages.
    1. The high cost of such systems.
    2. Vulnerability to fire and enemy electronic warfare equipment. As a result, the necessary cargo may not reach its destination. I’ll add that if the options with remote control CCI still somehow justify themselves, then with full-fledged trucks the situation is much more complicated, this technique operation requires the adoption of more various kinds of complex decisions and quick reaction times.
    What is shown in the video materials of the article is nothing special from what I personally saw before, driving OSHKOSH M-1077 cars and a truck tractor on a landfill without a load and without a laden trailer does not give any exact picture, and I doubt that the operator sitting somewhere far away from the console can effectively manage such machines (not to mention the automated mode of movement) without feeling their dimensions and other parameters that arise during movement.
    And in case of any malfunction or failure in the way (even the wheel will lower or burst on the move) then what?
    Who will eliminate them? And if this happened during the movement of the column?
    Moreover, in a place where detour is not possible. The whole column will stand up and it can be easily destroyed.
    So the effectiveness of this system is a big question.
    1. ramsi
      ramsi 9 February 2014 13: 17
      +1
      you are not entirely right: minimal human security with "administrator rights", that is: a button for controlled disruption of the column, the function of self-destruction of the column, in the absence of a signal from the cover group; the function of blocking the command for self-destruction from the cover group in case of an emergency. All this, of course, is not a panacea, but, in my opinion, it is quite acceptable
      1. wanderer_032
        wanderer_032 9 February 2014 20: 33
        +1
        Quote: ramsi
        self-destruct column function,

        Here they started talking about self-liquidation. Already the ears swell from this.
        And what will it give?
        Maybe then immediately field depots or depots of military bases can immediately be launched into the air, otherwise God forbid someone will attack and try to capture them.
        Insanity and more.
        Maybe nothing can be brought to the war zone, but what was immediately given to them and fight.
        Get the rest on the spot. laughing
        What for then carry the costs with you, drive the trucks. laughing
        Quote: ramsi
        minimum human security with "administrator rights", that is: a button for controlled disruption of the column,

        And what good is it if the goods are not delivered to their destination and used for their intended purpose?
        Then nafig to fight with the enemy in the open, just knock him supply vehicles and he will have nothing to fight and eat too.
        And the whole war.
        But where have you seen at least one army that can afford to scatter such things.
        It's one thing to lose a part, everything else.
        1. ramsi
          ramsi 10 February 2014 12: 20
          +1
          Well, the system should be flexible: it’s important that the load is too high - they’re strained, even if helicopters are barrage at the rate ... We are talking about optimization of logistics, which can be attributed to overhead costs
  21. Alexha
    Alexha 24 March 2014 18: 09
    0
    Robots, download a video from YouTube in 720p resolution, you can see on it that there is always someone sitting in the driver’s place in that convoy. And sometimes even taxis :) The local military seems to rub the glasses in no way inferior to the domestic ones :)
    1. Andriuha077
      24 March 2014 18: 30
      0
      Why not, even two can: representatives of the developer and customer.