Military Review

Ural as a brand

21
Ural is not only the name of the mountain range and the whole region of Russia, but also a real Russian brand. The main city of the Urals is Ekaterinburg. This is the most important transport and trade hub of the region. Today, there is an active business activity in this city: sale of finishing materials in Yekaterinburg, the implementation of real estate and much more. Urals as a brand is characteristic of units of equipment. More detail about this.

Freight transport on the roads of the Urals, and indeed of all of Russia, is today carried out with the help of various trucks, most of which are foreign-made trucks. A significant place during transportation was given to KamAZ vehicles. And extremely rarely in the so-called civil operation mode, you can see the Ural 4320 vehicles. Today, these trucks are most often used for military purposes, the Ministry of Emergency Situations (as fire engines).
The Urals 4320 is a real working “horse” - with a horse such equipment is hardly possible, since in one engine of such a Urals are concentrated up to 300 hp. Such parameters allow the cargo vehicles not only to transport the crew, but also to carry out tasks for the transportation, for example, of field kitchens, of various military goods.
Ural 4320 can easily overcome 2-meter trenches, sections of the 1.5-meter ford, as well as mountains and hills with a slope of up to 60 degrees. In this case, the movement uphill can be carried out even when the vehicle is loaded onto 60-70%.
When using this truck, it is important to understand what consumption of diesel fuel is typical for it. In the combined cycle at a speed of about 60 km / h, the flow rate will be about 28 liters per 100 km. In this case, the car is equipped with 300-liter tank, to which may be added an additional tank compartment with a capacity of up to 60 liters. The total volume of the tanks of the car may be enough to implement the march on 900-1000 kilometers without refueling. When using a car when driving in a desert area or in snowy terrain, fuel consumption may increase to 30-31 liters per 100 km. However, in this case, the full filling of tanks will allow the car to overcome significant distances.
The maximum speed of the upgraded Urals 4320 reaches 90 km / h. Such speeds are rarely used by military drivers, but there are quite a few instances when it was the full course of the Urals that saved the lives of those who were in the car at that moment.
Modern modifications Uralov 4320 equipped with high-quality communication systems and navigation. An increase in carrying capacity has been made, which allows the use of a vehicle for cargo transportation in the conditions of military and civilian time.
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  1. agent
    agent 6 February 2014 08: 40
    +2
    Cool car. And how long have the Urals become diesel?
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 6 February 2014 15: 05
      0
      Yes, like they always were. Maybe confused with ZIL?
      1. creak
        creak 6 February 2014 15: 23
        +4
        Not always .... Until 1977, the Ural-375 was equipped with a carburetor engine, very voracious - fuel consumption was about 70 liters. for 100 km. And for the time being, I had to put up with it because there was no equivalent replacement for it in the Armed Forces of the USSR and the Warsaw Treaty (for example, Grad installations were mounted on them.) However, after Kamaz was launched, its engines began to be installed in the Urals and since 1992 d. a car with a gasoline engine was no longer produced.
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 6 February 2014 15: 58
          +1
          Quote: ranger
          Until 1977, the Ural-375 was equipped with a carburetor engine

          I didn’t know, thanks. I have not met a single gasoline. But basically they still put diesel on them, in 91g. they drove us to a point on it. hi
          1. Was mammoth
            Was mammoth 6 February 2014 22: 22
            +1
            Quote: Ingvar 72
            I have not met a single gasoline

            It was also produced on high-octane gasoline. In the 70s. Each organization was then given a monthly limit on gasoline. Can you imagine what the limit for the "Ural" with its gluttony? DO NOT compare with the limit for cars. And if it is for fun and all gasoline is used on cars? A song for officials! There was such a thing. smile
            1. samoletil18
              samoletil18 8 February 2014 06: 25
              +3
              As a child, I understood that they spared nothing for the army. But refuel the car with such an expense of AI-95! And in the army I received an answer to such a wasteful decision of the Party and the Government. 95th is the most common gasoline in Western Europe. And, if they do not want to refuel our trucks with their gasoline, instead of their cars, then let them not rock the boat. I am the political officer of the battalion (the best political worker of all time!) Mr. Mikhalko, to this day I am grateful to him for his intelligence, humanity and humor, I was convinced of the foresight of such a decision. And, after all, before the arrival of Gorbachev, Europe did not especially rock the boat for us. A kind of peacemaker car.
              P.S. I heard that UralAZ is not having the best of times, but I hope that GOZ will be saved by a unique enterprise.
        2. Rus86
          Rus86 11 February 2014 08: 45
          +1
          It is also worth noting that the adoption of URALA 375 for armament automatically removed a significant number of tracked tractors from service. phenomenal cross, however)
      2. The comment was deleted.
  2. DZ_98_B
    DZ_98_B 6 February 2014 15: 53
    -8
    Ural car is good. For 60 years. But releasing it now, at least for the army, at least for civilian needs, is idiocy. The roar in the cab, like in a shitty tractor, the cab is cramped, the brakes fail, but the KAMAZ engine ... is still guano.
    1. Fedya
      Fedya 6 February 2014 22: 04
      +8
      For your information, after the collapse of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, several URALS of the GDR Army went to the army of Uruguay. In 1995, there were Uruguayan maneuvers with ..indos. Suddenly, the American vaunted abrams was stuck in the mud, the tractor had to wait a few days, and the American general jokingly suggested that the Uruguayans pull out the URAL tank. And they took it in 10 minutes and pulled it out! 2 URALS. After that, no one joked about them.
    2. pensioner
      pensioner 7 February 2014 00: 27
      +9
      Quote: DZ_98_B
      But releasing it now, at least for the army, at least for civilian needs, is idiocy.
      Every day I see how the Urals drag pipes to the (c) gas pipeline. On sunbeds, on snow, on wetlands ... Something Kamazes are not very keen on such a job ... The Ural-hard worker of the North is one of the most deserved.
      1. bddrus
        bddrus 7 February 2014 19: 46
        +2
        today in the Chunsky district of the Irkutsk region along the highway a lot of URALs drag the forest, there were a few KAMAZ trucks
  3. yur58
    yur58 6 February 2014 20: 40
    +5
    I saw these cars at work, drove as a senior. The car is just super. Not replaceable for the army, for working in difficult conditions. For those who do not know: there were cars with gas engines.
  4. Doznanied
    Doznanied 7 February 2014 07: 58
    +2
    Firefighters prefer AC in the Urals, especially in rural areas.
  5. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 7 February 2014 08: 02
    +7
    Climb the dirt better than Kamaz. From Siberia +++++++++ drinks
  6. Achtaba1970
    Achtaba1970 7 February 2014 19: 16
    0
    Quote: DZ_98_B
    Ural car is good. For 60 years. But releasing it now, at least for the army, at least for civilian needs, is idiocy. The roar in the cab, like in a shitty tractor, the cab is cramped, the brakes fail, but the KAMAZ engine ... is still guano.

    Well, in the army now in the Urals of the "Motovoz" family there are YaMZ-236, -238 engines.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. 1969s9691g.
    1969s9691g. 8 February 2014 15: 30
    +1
    They were actually gasoline. I saw a little bit in the central heating shop. Yes, high-octane gas.
  9. Hauptam
    Hauptam 8 February 2014 20: 20
    +1
    From the point of view of mine protection, cars with a hood layout are more preferable than a cabin above the engine. Ural beats KAMAZ by this indicator.
  10. Oleg1968
    Oleg1968 11 February 2014 14: 31
    +5
    rolled in the Urals, from the heart:
    Ural-375 fuel truck in the army, you will laugh - Krazy was pulling out (the Wide Lan range), the gas engine was on it, 100l per 100km of dirt through mud. Due to its low speed, the permeability is AMAZING.
    Then, after the army, he worked on a diesel engine, skated from Brest to Ekat and from Murmansk to the border with Turkey. It is inconvenient to ride two, horror, but sometimes they were the only ones who could pass It through the "cross pass" in the Caucasus when we drove.
    And when we went head-to-head (the changer-Igor was driving), we were lucky that both we and the Counter were in the "Urals" survived, ...... I remembered THANKS TO THE CAR. I am sure even now for the army the very thing is like a truck, remember on what the Americans "cut" until now.
    Cross-country ability only "Shishiga" gas-66, and above only caterpillars
  11. Frunze28rus
    Frunze28rus 10 March 2014 15: 41
    0
    Diesel began to enter the USSR Armed Forces since 1984
  12. Frunze28rus
    Frunze28rus 10 March 2014 15: 43
    0
    Diesel began to come to the western districts since 1984. The carburetor on passability is several times higher than diesel.
  13. Santilo42rus
    Santilo42rus April 6 2014 18: 52
    0
    In my army, there was a radio relay based on a carburetor ural. good cars creeps everywhere near the caterpillar current smile
  14. mithridate
    mithridate 16 July 2014 16: 38
    0
    URAL - a legendary car
  15. yu.f.pan
    yu.f.pan 10 August 2014 14: 53
    0
    The article uses Americanism "brand". The Ural car deserves to be respected and spoken about in Russian, without using words like "brand".