Military Review

The second Stalinist blow. Part of 2. Destruction of the enemy's Korsun-Shevchenko grouping

36
The actions of the German troops


Trying to save the troops encircled, the German command developed a frantic activity. It used all its vast combat experience and all available resources to save the surrounded divisions. The commander of the Army Group "South" Manstein began to strengthen the armored groups, which were supposed to break through the corridor. By January 27, 1944, four were concentrated in the Novo-Mirgorod area tank divisions, in the region of Rizino from under Okhmatov began to transfer two tank divisions.

The commander of the encircled Korsun-Shevchenko group, Stemmerman, was ordered to hold on to the last bullet. He did not sit on the spot, waiting for help, concentrated the available forces, organized shock groups, trying to break through the encirclement ring from his side.

The Germans began to narrow the front, which would strengthen the defense and free up forces for the shock groups. The commander of the 42 Army Corps, Lieb, ordered corps group “B” to retreat across the Rosava River. The 88 Infantry Division retreated across the Ros River, towards Bohuslav. The first attempt of the Soviet troops to take Bohuslav the Germans repelled. On February 3, Soviet troops broke through the German defenses between Mironovka and Bohuslav, forcing units of the 88 and 332 infantry divisions to move away from Bohuslav.

The second Stalinist blow. Part of 2. Destruction of the enemy's Korsun-Shevchenko grouping


In late January - early February, heavy battles were fought for Steblev, Kvitka and Olshany, who were of paramount importance for the surrounded German group, as possible starting points for a breakthrough. Stems Germans defended. For Olshany fought part of the SS Viking. February 6, after fierce battles, the Germans pushed aside to a new defensive line in 10 km north of the village. She was defended by part of the Viking SS Panzer Division, 57 and 389 infantry divisions. February 9 Germans knocked out of the village Kvitki.

In the area of ​​Gorodishche, 10 km north of Vyazovok, the shock group of the 11 army corps as part of the 57, 72 and 389 infantry divisions tried to break through the corridor. However, 4-I Guards Army Ryzhova eliminated the old town center of resistance. 9 February Hill Mill was released. After these battles, the 389 Infantry Division was practically destroyed, its numbers were 200 people and three artillery batteries. Her remnants were included in the 57 division.

By February 8, the territory occupied by the German group was completely swept by Soviet artillery. The Germans had shortages of ammunition and fuel. The group suffered heavy losses, the average number of infantry regiments fell to 150 people. In order to avoid unnecessary bloodshed, the Soviet command offered the Germans to capitulate. However, the Germans were preparing for a breakthrough through Shanderovka and rejected this proposal.


Volley Guards mortars. District Korsun-Shevchenko. 1944 Winter

Just like under Stalingrad, Hermann Goering began to establish an “air bridge”. To preserve the fighting efficiency of the Korsun-Shevchenko group, at least 150 tons of cargo were required daily. Already on the morning of January 29, the first 14 transport aircraft took off from Uman and delivered 30 tons of cargo to Korsun. The runway in Korsun will become the most important object of the surrounded grouping. Since February 12, cargo was dropped by parachutes. The wounded were usually taken on the return flight. The Germans suffered heavy losses from the actions of the Soviet aviation. So, on February 1, during the return from Korsun, 13 of the 52 Junkers were shot down, one crashed at the airport, two were damaged. For the entire duration of the "air bridge" the Germans lost 50 aircraft, another 150 were damaged (according to other sources, 45 Junkers 52 and Henkels 111, and 47 fighters were lost).



The first attempt to break through the ring environment

Manstein, who had at his disposal significant armored formations (before the 20 armored divisions), initially was not only going to break through the corridor and liberate the Korsun-Shevchenko grouping, but also to surround and destroy the main forces of the Soviet 5-th Guards and 6-th tank armies. The strike of the 3 and 47 tank corps was supposed to unlock the Stemmermann group and lead to the environment of the 5 Guards Tank and 6 tank armies.

The 5, 53, 3 and 11 tank divisions acted against the 13 th Guards Tank Army and the 14 th Army in the area of ​​Novo-Mirgorod and Tolmach. The approach of the 24 Tank and 376 Infantry Divisions was also expected. However, the 24-I tank division never arrived, was sent to the south, to the 6-th army (there successfully developed the offensive 3-th and 4-th Ukrainian fronts). The German offensive began on February 1, but the troops of the 2 of the Ukrainian Front repulsed all the attacks. The Germans regrouped their forces and began to prepare a new blow from Verbovtsa to Zvenyhorodka.

For the strike on the troops of the 1 of the Ukrainian Front, the commander of the 1 tank army Hans Valentin Hube concentrated in the Rizino region a powerful group: control of the 3 tank corps, 1, 16, 17 tank divisions, 1 and X tank divisions Leibstandard SS Division Adolf Hitler, 503 and 506, separate heavy tank battalions, four assault gun divisions and other units. The Germans planned to make their way through Lisyanka to the surrounded troops. It was in this direction that the stem of the stem was located closest to the external front.

February 4 16-I and 17-I tank, 198-I infantry divisions launched an offensive. The Germans suffered heavy losses, but a powerful armored fist allowed them to push through the defenses of the 47 rifle corps. There was a threat of a rush of German troops. Commander-in-Chief Vatutin was forced to throw into the battle the 2 Tank Army of Semen Bogdanov who arrived from the Reserve Reserve (3 and 16 tank corps, 11-I separate Guards tank tank, more than 320 tanks in total). In the morning of February 6, Bogdanov’s army, along with units of the 40 Army, counterattacked the enemy. However, a decisive result was not achieved. The Germans were not able to develop success; in some areas they were thrown back, but the penetration of the Soviet forces was preserved. The German command began to enter into the battle of the 1-th Panzer Division. German units were able to partially occupy the Grapes. The first German strike reflected.

The Soviet command 8-9 February in the area Lisyanka redeployed part of the 20-th tank corps from the army Rotmistrova. At the same time, the army of Rotmistrov began to cover the roads in the area of ​​Tarasivka, Topilno and Serdegovka. Tanks and artillery ambushes were organized on the roads, and anti-tank strongholds were prepared on the basis of units of anti-tank artillery. These activities were undertaken on time, the new German offensive was not long in coming.



The second attempt to break

11 February the Germans resumed the offensive. They attacked with three strike forces. From Yerki district, the 47 tank corps of the 8 army, in the Rizino part of the 1 tank army, in the Steblevo attack group of the Korsun-Shevchenko group (part of the SS Viking armored division, the Motorized Brigade of Wallonia, two infantry divisions). With converging blows, the German command planned to crush the Soviet defenses, free the encircled troops, and destroy the Soviet forces in the area of ​​Zvenigorodka and Lisyanka.

In the defense zone of the 2 UV, the Germans achieved some success, occupied the Zvenigorodka station. But parts of the 49 Infantry and 20 Infantry Corps after the stubborn battles repelled the German strike. In the defense zone of the 1 of the Ukrainian Front, the 3 of the German tank corps, which received reinforcements, was able to achieve more serious successes. The defense of the 47 Infantry Corps did not survive, and the Germans came to the Lisyanka area. The distance to the "boiler" was reduced to 20 km. Vatutin organized a counterattack on the positions of the 1 th tank and 34 th infantry divisions, but he did not bring much success.


The commander of the 2-th Ukrainian Front, Army General I.S.Konev (left) and the commander of the 1-th Ukrainian Front, Army General MFVatutin

The Soviet command was forced to take emergency measures. Zhukov was instructed to hand over guidance on the elimination of the enemy's surrounded Korsun-Shevchenko grouping to the commander of 2 UF UV Konev, and himself, together with the commander of 1 UF UV Vatutin, to concentrate on defending the outer ring of the environment. Zhukov decided that the success of the Germans was due to the mistakes of the commander of the 6 tank army and the commander of the 47 rifle corps, who had lost control of the situation. They were promptly subordinate to the commander of the 27 Army Trofimenko. 27 th army began to hastily strengthened. In the dangerous area began to concentrate forces 2-th tank army of Bogdanov, transferred two tank brigades from the army of Rotmistrov, 202-th infantry division and reserve regiments SAU. As a result, the second German strike was reflected.

February's 12 was hit by an adversary's stem grouping. German troops, suffering heavy losses, managed to break into the Shanderovka area. The 1-10 km remained until the advanced forces of the 12 Panzer Division in the Lisyanka area.



Liquidation of the "boiler"

By February 12, the perimeter of the surrounded German group left the entire 35 km. 14 February Soviet troops liberated Korsun-Shevchenko. German ammunition and food depots, 15 transport aircraft, and a lot of equipment and weapons were seized. After that, the Soviet troops took a few more recent German strongholds. The German 3 tank corps, despite the desperate efforts, could not solve the problem of breaking through the ring of the environment. All German reserves have been exhausted. February 16 Corps launched a final attack. Before the group Stemmerman remained about 7-8 km.

For the surrounded group came the critical moment. In the morning of February 15, Stemmerman and Lieb held a meeting and decided to leave all the remaining fighting forces to a breakthrough. The decision was right. It was no longer possible to wait. The group has the last chance for salvation. The remaining fuel was poured into the tanks of the last tanks. In the head of the column they put parts of the Viking SS division and the Wallonia moto-brigade that retained their combat capability. We walked in several columns at the front in 4,5 km. In the forefront of the division "Viking", the remnants of the corps of group "B", 72-th infantry division, led by Lieb. The remaining troops were led by Stemmerman. On the morning of February 17, the Germans made a breakthrough.


Wilhelm Stemmermann.

Raised all who could. Dugouts, villages, abandoned property set on fire so that there was no way back. The wounded were left in Shanderovka under the supervision of medical volunteers. The main blow of the German troops fell on the positions of the 5-th Guards Airborne Division, the 180-th and 202-th rifle divisions on the inner ring of the environment and on the 41-th Guards Rifle Division on the outer ring of the environment. Soviet commanders guessed where the Germans would go for a breakthrough, and artillery and mortars were pulled into the area. Part of the 18 th, 29 th tank and 5 th Guards Cossack cavalry corps were hit on the German flank.

The Germans attacked frantically, bursting through. They had nowhere to return. The defense of the Soviet troops literally pushed through the masses. They suffered huge losses, they were shot from the flanks of artillery, tank and cavalry units surrounded and destroyed separate groups. The order was broken, the columns were mixed. Many could not get to the place of the crossing, and found death in the waters of Rotten Tikich when they tried to cross with the means at hand. Those who tried to hide in the forest were killed by the cold. Only a small part of the enemy's advanced forces was able to break through to their own. In the evening of February 17, the Korsun-Shevchenko group was destroyed. Between the villages Zurzhyntsi and Pochapintsy was a terrible picture, it was cluttered with piles of corpses and broken equipment. To the credit of the German commander, Shtmermerman did not abandon his soldiers, as the senior officers of his headquarters did, and died with them. By order of Konev, the German general was buried with military honors.



Results

The Soviet troops eventually defeated the 10 divisions and the 1 enemy brigade (two army corps). This greatly weakened Army Group South. German troops suffered one of the most severe defeats in the south-western strategic direction. Manstein was forced to send all the remnants of the divisions left for re-formation, or merged with other divisions. German losses figures are not exactly known, different data are given. So, there is information that captured 18 thousand Germans, buried 55 thousand people. According to German data, more than 40 thousand people were able to get out of the environment. Soviet troops captured a large number weapons and military equipment. Only parts of the 2 of the Ukrainian Front captured: 41 aircraft, 167 tanks and assault guns, around 900 guns and mortars, around 10 thousand vehicles, 127 tractors, etc.

For the entire time of the operation, Soviet troops lost more than 80 thousand people, irretrievable losses (killed, dead, missing) amounted to more than 24 thousand people. For the heroism and courage of 73 military personnel were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, of which 9 posthumously. 23 military units received the honorary names "Korsun", 6 connections - "Zvenigorod". 18 February Moscow saluted the winners. Konev 20 February received the title of Marshal of the Soviet Union. The rogue party 21 February became the first (along with Fedorenko) Marshal of the Armored Forces. It was a new military rank.


Petr Aleksandrovich Krivonogov (1910 — 1967) is a Soviet battle painter. The painting "In the area of ​​the Korsun-Shevchenko Operation."

Soviet groups defeated the enemy's Korsun-Shevchenko grouping, which threatened the flanks of the 1 and 2 of the Ukrainian fronts. The front line moved significantly to the west. The offensive 1 th and 2 th Ukrainian fronts forged significant forces of Army Group South (25 divisions, including 9 armored divisions), which made it possible to successfully develop an offensive in other directions. In particular, on January 30, troops of the 3 and 4 of the Ukrainian fronts launched the Nikopol-Krivoy Rog offensive. The operation successfully developed.

The Soviet troops showed great skill in this battle, taking into account the high professionalism of the enemy, the considerable reserves that were in command of Army Group South. No wonder Stalin called this operation "new Stalingrad." In conditions of a strong defense of the enemy, a high concentration of mobile and selected German formations, the beginning of a mudslide Soviet soldiers showed swiftness and skillfulness of actions, courage and resilience.

The peculiarity of the Korsun-Shevchenko operation is the use of tank armies in the first echelon of the offensive together with rifle units. Vatutin immediately threw Kravchenko’s 6 Tank Army into battle, and Konev the Rotmistrov 5 Guards Tank Army. It should also be noted that tank units in this battle were widely used by both sides. Mobile units broke through the enemy defenses and developed the offensive. The rapid offensive of tankers allowed in a short time to create the outer and inner ring of the environment. In addition, the Soviet command widely used artillery, anti-tank and engineering units to repel German counterattacks.

It should be noted the great help of the local population. Locals helped in the repair of roads, building defensive positions. Hundreds of men joined the Soviet divisions to fight the enemy. Guerrilla units struck at the German rear. At the same time, we must not forget the fact that in certain areas of Right-Bank Ukraine, Soviet troops had to destroy nationalist Ukrainian gangs.

In the current time of troubles, when the internal and external enemies managed to separate the united Russian civilization and the superethnos of the Rus, these accomplices of the Nazis, these thugs and murderers are “transformed” by means of propaganda into heroes. We must keep the memory of the true heroes who liberated Ukraine (Little Russia) from the Hitlerite hordes and destroyed the traitorous and gangster vermin!


German prisoners after the defeat of the Korsun-Shevchenko group. February 1944
Author:
Articles from this series:
The first "Stalinist strike": the complete elimination of the blockade of Leningrad
The first "Stalinist strike." Part of 2. The liberation of Veliky Novgorod from the German invaders
The second Stalinist blow. Liberation of Right-Bank Ukraine
The second Stalinist blow. Part of 2. Destruction of the enemy's Korsun-Shevchenko grouping
The second Stalinist blow. Part of 3. The defeat of the Nikopol-Krivoy Rog adversary group
The second Stalinist blow. Part of 4. Proskurov-Chernivtsi offensive
The second Stalinist blow. Part of 5. Uman-Botosha operation
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  1. kaktus
    kaktus 6 February 2014 07: 05
    +18
    "In the current time of troubles, when internal and external enemies managed to divide the single Russian civilization and the super-ethnicity of the Russians, these accomplices of the Hitlerites, these bandits and murderers" are turning "with the help of propaganda into heroes. We must keep the memory of the true heroes who liberated Ukraine (Malaya Rus ) from the Nazi hordes and destroying the treacherous and bandit scum! "
    + 1000! good soldier hi
  2. sds555
    sds555 6 February 2014 07: 24
    +11
    Here are all ten famous Stalin hits
    The first blow, as a result of which the Germans' long-term defense was hacked, was dealt by our troops in January 1944 near Leningrad and Novgorod. As a result of this blow, a half-million fascist army was defeated and thrown back into the Baltic states.
    The second blow was delivered in February - April 1944 in Right-Bank Ukraine. There was destroyed a group of Germans (10 divisions) in the Korsun-Shevchenkovsky area. After that, in the midst of spring thaw, a large-scale offensive was launched. This was so unexpected for the Germans that, fleeing, they threw equipment and weapons because of the impassability of roads, and retreated beyond the river. Bug and Dniester. Right-bank Ukraine was freed from the enemy. Soviet troops entered the territory of Moldova, and on March 26 reached the border with Romania.
    In April - May 1944, our troops delivered a third crushing blow to the enemy in the region of Crimea and Odessa. It took the Germans 250 days to capture Crimea, and Soviet troops liberated it in 5 days (May 7-12, 1944).
    Before the Germans recovered from the attacks in the south, in June 1944 a fourth blow was struck on them - in the region of Karelia. As a result, the Red Army defeated the Finnish troops, liberated Vyborg and Petrozavodsk, liberated part of the Karelian-Finnish Republic.
    Under the influence of the successes of the Red Army, our allies were no longer able to continue to delay the opening of a second front. On June 6, 1944, the American-British command, two years late, proceeded to land a large landing force in Northern France.
    The fifth blow was dealt to the Germans in June - July 1944 near Vitebsk, Bobruisk, Mogilev. Striking, creating "cauldrons" for the enemy, using combined strikes of artillery, tanks and aircraft, our troops completed the operation by encircling and destroying 30 German divisions near Minsk. Belorussia, part of Poland, Lithuania was completely liberated, with access through the Vistula and Neman to the border with Germany.
    As a result of the sixth strike (from July to August), the Red Army drove the Germans over the São and Vistula rivers with the liberation of Western Ukraine and securing it on the bridgehead west of Sandomierz.
    In August 1944, our troops struck a seventh blow - in the Chisinau - Iasi region, where 22 German divisions were surrounded and defeated, forced the Romanian army to surrender. As a result of this operation, Moldova was completely liberated, Romania and Bulgaria were withdrawn from the war.
    As a result of the eighth strike (in September - October 1944) near Tallinn and Riga, German troops were defeated and expelled from the Baltic states, as well as Finland, who declared war on Germany, was withdrawn from the war.
    Our troops dealt the ninth blow in October 1944 between Tissa and the Danube in Hungary and Yugoslavia. As a result of this blow, Hungary was withdrawn from the fascist bloc and a significant part of Yugoslavia was liberated. Tenth strike Our troops drove the Germans out of the Pechenga area and entered Norway.
    1. nnz226
      nnz226 6 February 2014 17: 27
      +1
      In fact, the Germans captured Crimea a little longer. And 250 days they stormed Sevastopol. Ours liberated him in 3 of the day: 07-09 in May 1944, and Crimea began to be liberated in April (Simferopol was liberated in 12 on April 44)
  3. Prometey
    Prometey 6 February 2014 08: 35
    +7
    Oh, we would have such an army in the 41st.
  4. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 6 February 2014 08: 39
    +14
    "To the credit of the German commander, Stemmermann did not abandon his soldiers, as the top officers of his staff did, and died with them."

    Indeed, it is worthy of respect, despite the attitude towards them in general.
  5. igordok
    igordok 6 February 2014 09: 03
    +8
    Thank. A good article and photos are selected with high quality.
  6. amigo1969
    amigo1969 6 February 2014 10: 25
    +10
    Even in 1944, the Germans were still very strong guys !! But our army was already completely different !!! Good article.
    1. Corsair
      Corsair 6 February 2014 12: 19
      +4
      Quote: amigo1969
      Even in 1944, the Germans were still very strong guys !! But our army was already completely different !!! Good article.

      The first attempt to break through the ring environment

      The second attempt to break

      Liquidation of the "boiler"

      If already under Stalingrad the Hitler generals failed to unlock the 6 army and the satellite forces attached to it, then where could they do it in 1944 ...

      By this time, the Red Army, sorting out the bitterness of defeat, pushing the Nazis away from the capital, defeating them in the city of Stalin and on the Kursk Bulge and a great many small battles, became ARMY WINNER...
  7. tverskoi77
    tverskoi77 6 February 2014 11: 33
    +3
    Very timely article!
  8. Corsair
    Corsair 6 February 2014 12: 06
    0
    Quote: from article
    In the current time of troubles, when the internal and external enemies managed to separate the united Russian civilization and the superethnos of the Rus, these accomplices of the Nazis, these thugs and murderers are “transformed” by means of propaganda into heroes. We must keep the memory of the true heroes who liberated Ukraine (Little Russia) from the Hitlerite hordes and destroyed the traitorous and gangster vermin!


    Ros, Boguslav, Rosava, Lisyanka, Zvenigorodka - entirely Russian names ...
    Quote: from article
    The order is disturbed, the columns are mixed. Many were unable to reach the crossing point, and found death in the waters of the Rotten Tikich


    The name of the river eloquently indicates WHERE the place of those who came to us with the war ...
    And this applies to enemies not only external ...
  9. parus2nik
    parus2nik 6 February 2014 12: 09
    0
    The enemy was strong ..
  10. xan
    xan 6 February 2014 12: 22
    +12
    About a year ago, in one of the articles here on the site about "throwing corpses" recollections of one soldier who went through the whole war were cited. According to him, during the war he saw two terrible pictures with a huge number of corpses, the first at 41 when ours broke through from the encirclement, I did not remember where, the second when the Germans broke through from the Korsun-Shevchenkovsky cauldron. I was very pleased that I saw how the Germans "returned the debt."
    1. Syrdon
      Syrdon 6 February 2014 16: 54
      +2
      Debt good turn deserves another)
    2. Al_lexx
      Al_lexx 7 February 2014 02: 09
      0
      Quote: xan
      About a year ago, in one of the articles here on the site about "throwing corpses" recollections of one soldier who went through the whole war were cited. According to him, during the war he saw two terrible pictures with a huge number of corpses, the first at 41 when ours broke through from the encirclement, I did not remember where, the second when the Germans broke through from the Korsun-Shevchenkovsky cauldron. I was very pleased that I saw how the Germans "returned the debt."

      According to the memoirs of veterans, the most terrible picture, in terms of corpses, was on the Vyazemsky ledge, in the spring of 43. Fighting on the ledge lasted all autumn and winter 42-43 (eight months). Moreover, ours constantly attacked and almost without the use of armored vehicles. All attacks were completely unsuccessful, but there was a point in them, since German troops were held on this front. So, when the snow melted, the corpses lay in several layers (since the fall and all winter) and when it was completely warmer, our soldiers went into another attack, knee-deep in the decomposed flesh of their comrades. That was really a scumbag.
      Search the web for sure to find sources. I read a few years ago, now I do not remember where, and frankly, too lazy to look.
      1. Cossack23
        Cossack23 8 February 2014 08: 46
        0
        I watched a movie not so long ago very interesting - we forgot about this ledge and that heroism.
      2. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 14 February 2014 14: 19
        0
        Walking up the throat in decaying flesh! Stop talking nonsense. Before unsubstantially writing such things (according to the memoirs of veterans ... I don’t remember where I read ...), turn on the brain, if you have one, and calculate: how many corpses should lie per kilometer of the front in several layers (how many layers, - 2,3,10 , XNUMX?) Despite the fact that the front there was about one hundred kilometers, and during the offensive people move at different speeds, die where fate is destined and, by definition, cannot all lie in one place. In one place, the dead lie only in mass graves. The desire to search for truthful information on the net is also worth a lot. Al_lexx's face is not distorted with intelligence. He is too lazy to seek the truth, but not too lazy to write a lie. , in a word.
      3. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 14 February 2014 14: 22
        0
        Walking up the throat in decaying flesh! Stop talking nonsense. Before unsubstantially writing such things (according to the memoirs of veterans ... I don’t remember where I read ...), turn on the brain, if you have one, and calculate: how many corpses should lie per kilometer of the front in several layers (how many layers, - 2,3,10 , XNUMX?) Despite the fact that the front there was about one hundred kilometers, and during the offensive people move at different speeds, die where fate is destined and, by definition, cannot all lie in one place. In one place, the dead lie only in mass graves. The desire to search for truthful information on the net is also worth a lot. Al_lexx's face is not distorted with intelligence. He is too lazy to seek the truth, but not too lazy to write a lie. , in a word.
  11. Svetlana
    Svetlana 6 February 2014 12: 54
    +2
    The Soviet troops showed great skill in this battle, taking into account the high professionalism of the enemy, the considerable reserves that were in command of Army Group South. No wonder Stalin called this operation "new Stalingrad." In conditions of a strong defense of the enemy, a high concentration of mobile and selected German formations, the beginning of a mudslide Soviet soldiers showed swiftness and skillfulness of actions, courage and resilience.

    Toward the end of the war, our army, having lost a huge number of unfired and inexperienced soldiers, in a fierce desire to break the backbone of a fascist debugged military machine, became professional and powerful. Those who survived in the meat grinder of the first years of the war, those our soldiers and officers became real professionals, the best in the world, surpassing their opponent many times over. But at the beginning of the war, the best army in the world was considered German. And the slaughter of the Russian peasant in the war was never an obstacle, always only helped. Our Russian roads and frosts have repeatedly helped us out in great trouble. Where Russian is good, there is a German death.
  12. Gray 43
    Gray 43 6 February 2014 13: 29
    +4
    We had a good operation, we must be proud of such battles and often remind young people, otherwise they will soon forget about that war, after all, the USSR knocked out Hitler’s most combat-ready forces, and not the allies
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. PValery53
    PValery53 6 February 2014 14: 24
    +2
    Our soldiers' steadfastness and operational skills cannot be denied to our generals in the Korsun-Shevchenko operation! Competently "gouged" a powerful group of the enemy! It's good that the "favor" was at least partially returned.
  15. ikrut
    ikrut 6 February 2014 15: 17
    +3
    My late father took part in these battles. Before that, he went through the encirclement near Kharkov and Stalingrad. But, he said that he had not seen so many corpses at the same time during the whole war. It was a "meat grinder" for the Germans.
  16. Syrdon
    Syrdon 6 February 2014 16: 55
    +1
    for a year, the Germans rolled out clean. FOR 1 YEAR !!!
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. demotivator
    demotivator 6 February 2014 17: 48
    +3
    Quote: Vladimirets
    "To the credit of the German commander, Stemmermann did not abandon his soldiers, as the top officers of his staff did, and died with them."

    Indeed, it is worthy of respect, despite the attitude towards them in general.

    Such cases of respectful attitude of the military towards their adversary, especially to those who showed true courage in battle, really took place in that war. The commander of the 33rd Army of the Red Army, General Efremov, leading his troops who were surrounded, was seriously wounded in battle. Near the forest village of Gornevo, the seriously wounded general, saying goodbye to his comrades, released the last cartridge into himself. Nevertheless, some groups of fighters managed to escape with a desperate throw.
    In March 1943, when Vyazma was freed from the Germans, the commander’s son, Captain Efremov, was the first to arrive in the village of Slobodka, where the general was buried. The grave was opened, and the captain identified his father. Under the volley of guns he was again betrayed by spring earth. Upon learning that the hero’s son was in front of them, the locals spoke about the last hours of his life. And then, after a pause, the villagers told how the commander was buried.
    ... When the body of Efremov was brought from the forest, a high-ranking representative of the German command wanted to make sure of the death of the Russian general. He came to Slobodka on a long Maybach, accompanied by numerous guards. Poking a stack at one of our prisoners, the German asked if this was really their commander. He silently bowed his head.
    A deep grave was dug at a rural church. German soldiers were built on one side, and our prisoners of war on the other. A high German official said that the Fuhrer’s soldiers needed to fight for great Germany in the same way that a Russian general fought for Russia. The Germans gave him military honors. And yet, at the autopsy of the grave, it turned out that a golden watch was preserved on the hand of the late general - no one encroached on them.
    1. Prometey
      Prometey 6 February 2014 18: 04
      +2
      Quote: demotivator
      Such cases of respectful attitude of the military towards their adversary, especially to those who showed true courage in battle, really took place in that war.

      With honors by the Germans, General Petrovsky was also buried - the commander of the 63 rifle corps, which in July 41 launched the first tangible counterattack.
  19. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 6 February 2014 18: 02
    +2
    Thank. Good, albeit well-known material.
    It is a pity that almost nothing is written about what happened for eight months under Vyazma (42-43gg). I’m talking about not only the relatively illuminated failed Vyazemsky operation 41, which nevertheless saved Moscow in a certain sense, but also the subsequent long and stubborn battles of 42-43, near Vyazma and Rzhev. There is very little reliable information about this slaughter. I am not talking about propaganda of the failures of our military leaders, but about the unprecedented heroism of a Russian soldier.
    http://mosoborona.ru/?page_id=318
    Many historians say that it was on the Vyazma-Rzhev ledge that we had the most numerous losses for the entire Second World War.
  20. amigo1969
    amigo1969 6 February 2014 18: 14
    0
    An excellent chronicle of those years!
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P5YGBSEGWWo
  21. de bouillon
    de bouillon 6 February 2014 18: 16
    0
    By the way, the SS Viking division and the SS Valonius brigade after leaving the encirclement were sent almost immediately to the Kovylia area for the deblockade of the local encirclement, i.e. after exiting the encirclement, the encirclets went to rescue other encirclers on another section of the vast front ...

    Well, there weren’t, then the Germans didn’t have reserves already ...

    the same 1th SS SS LAAG was already surrounded in Ukraine before May by being encircled, and then reorganized in Belgium, there already in the summer its allies to the nines, together with two SS CCs were ground to powder under Falez. However, it was in the winter and spring of 1944 in Ukraine, not in Belarus, or somewhere else, namely in Ukraine, that the German tank forces inflicted just gigantic damage.

    most of the armored units of the third Reich did not have time to get accustomed to the summer of 44
    1. Al_lexx
      Al_lexx 7 February 2014 01: 58
      0
      Quote: de bouillon

      <...>
      most of the armored units of the third Reich did not have time to get accustomed to the summer of 44

      +1
      Then back in Hungary, near Balaton, many of their tanks were hollowed out. We can say that they have almost finished off.
  22. barbiturate
    barbiturate 6 February 2014 18: 50
    0
    Quote: de Bouillon
    By the way, the SS Viking division and the SS Valonius brigade after leaving the encirclement were sent almost immediately to the Kovylia area for the deblockade of the local encirclement, i.e. after exiting the encirclement, the encirclets went to rescue other encirclers on another section of the vast front ...


    this suggests that the SS men all the same jumped out of the cauldron, otherwise there would have been no one to send for rest or replenishment at least.
    In general, it will be necessary to read in more detail about this operation of our troops, otherwise I doubt something, for example
    Quote: de Bouillon
    Manstein, who had at his disposal significant armored formations (up to 20 tank divisions)
    there are even a bit too many tank divisions in a relatively narrow area, the Germans could have screwed up one Manstein with 20 Tank divisions, and I still do not quite believe it) But this does not diminish the glory of our soldiers, of course

    PS He looked on the Internet and realized that he was right, the SS men really jumped out of the boiler, they were seen at the forefront of the attack and the bastards slipped
  23. Yurgens
    Yurgens 6 February 2014 19: 27
    0
    The 1944 year is already grated, experienced warriors, the 4 year of war, there you will already swear to steer troops. and the soldiers are already experienced.
    1. Al_lexx
      Al_lexx 7 February 2014 02: 02
      0
      Quote: Yurgens
      The 1944 year is already grated, experienced warriors, the 4 year of war, there you will already swear to steer troops. and the soldiers are already experienced.

      At the expense of the soldiers, you are a little mistaken. Of course, after 43, the percentage of losses we had decreased significantly and in the linear units there were more fired soldiers than in the first years of the war. But the laws of war themselves did not change and the combat units, nevertheless, suffered tangible losses. True, in some way this was well compensated by a greatly increased fighting spirit. But command and control, indeed, has reached a different level, which has resulted in a complete and final interception of strategic initiative.
  24. siberalt
    siberalt 6 February 2014 22: 34
    +1
    Thanks to the author for a wonderful article!
  25. mabuta
    mabuta 7 February 2014 05: 19
    0
    Honor and glory to the fallen heroes who defended our homeland !!!! Thanks to the author
  26. mabuta
    mabuta 7 February 2014 05: 32
    0
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8QMn287EGCU&feature=player_detailpage
  27. The comment was deleted.
  28. mabuta
    mabuta 7 February 2014 07: 16
    0
    This is true ... http: //topwar.ru/uploads/images/2014/357/okbs774.jpeg
  29. Originally from the USSR
    Originally from the USSR 22 January 2016 21: 31
    0
    I was always interested to read about this battle, because I was born at its epicenter. But the older I got, the more conflicting information I received from different sources. Friends, I’m for the truth! But the truth is bitter! The feat of our soldiers and my grandfather (partisan commander detachment) and the mediocrity of the commanders !!! Losses in this battle 1: 8 to the benefit of the Germans. That's shock to me! We won, but at what cost! Rather, the Korsun-Shevchenko tragedy!
  30. Originally from the USSR
    Originally from the USSR 22 January 2016 21: 43
    0
    I read the memoirs of the Nazis. With my son I went to the village of Pochapintsy to see those places described by the Fritz. True. And the locals can confirm a lot of things. Everything secret becomes clear! This is the tragedy and mediocrity of our commanders.
  31. Originally from the USSR
    Originally from the USSR 22 January 2016 22: 02
    0
    The article is good, but not accurate. The Germans are pedantic and always considered and counted. You can count us. The Germans died about 5 thousand. 40 thousand came out of the boiler. Our losses are about 40 thousand.