Military Review

Came the first images of the new Iranian submarine

A few days ago, Iranian media first showed the newest submarine, whose construction was completed last fall. One of the Iranian TV channels showed a few shots from the Fateh-type submarine. The existence of this submarine became known a few months ago, but only now the interested public and experts were able to see it. Unfortunately, as is often the case with Iranian weapons and military equipment, the total duration of a video with a new submarine does not exceed a few seconds.

According to some reports, the first official display of the head submarine Fateh should take place as soon as possible and will be timed to one of the dates associated with the Iranian revolution of 1978-79. However, at the moment, very little is known about the latest Iranian submarine, which provokes relevant discussions and disputes.

Came the first images of the new Iranian submarine

The existence of Project Fateh's lead sub was confirmed by satellite photographs taken at the end of October last year. Later, Jane's published one of the photos showing the Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex Co (ISOICO). A new submarine was spotted at one of the shipyard's berths, the size of which did not allow it to be attributed to other well-known Iranian submarine projects. The submarine, over 40 meters long and with a hull of about 5 meters in diameter, was identified as the lead ship of the new Fateh project. Earlier, in mid-September, a similar boat was seen at a shipyard in the town of Bender-Anzali, located on the Caspian Sea coast, which, however, is slightly longer. There have been speculations about the existence of a modified version of the Fateh project.

Iran has traditionally not disclosed the detailed characteristics of its new weapons and military equipment, which is why one has to be content with only fragmentary data that may not correspond to reality. So, it is known that the submarines of the Fateh project will for some time be the largest representatives of the Iranian underwater fleet. Their underwater displacement is approximately 600 tons, which is one and a half times more than that of submarines of the Nahang type. In the foreseeable future, the title of Iran’s largest submarines should go to the lead ship of the Besat project, the construction of which began last year.

The first submarine Fateh has a length of more than 40 meters and a width of the order of 5 m. The scheme by which the boat was built is unknown. Judging by the size and displacement, the project is made on a single-hull scheme, which allows to achieve the required strength characteristics in combination with acceptable dimensions and weight of the structure. The submarine is equipped with a diesel-electric power plant, while there is every reason to assume that Iranian shipbuilders have not provided for any units inherent in modern air-independent power plants. This will correspondingly affect the combat capabilities of the new submarines, but such flaws can be attributed to the lack of experience with industry.

According to some reports, the submarines of the new project will be able to dive to the working depth of 200 meters, and the maximum available value of this parameter will reach 250 meters. In the surface position, the submarine will be able to reach speeds above 10 nodes, in the underwater position - up to 15 nodes. According to some data, the cruising range at economic speed will reach 4 thousand miles.

Level Iranian shipbuilding industry has also hit weapons complex. Fateh is supposed to equip the boats with four torpedo tubes. Some sources mention ammunition, consisting of eight torpedoes. Furthermore, there are statements about the possibility of the use of sea mines. Thus, the list of combat missions of promising submarines is limited only by the attack of ships and submarines of the enemy or the installation of minefields.

Due to the lack of accurate data, it is still possible to draw only the most general conclusions concerning the prospects of the Fateh project. It is easy to see that this project continues the line of Iranian developments and has the appropriate appearance. Iranian shipbuilders have created a larger and, apparently, more sophisticated submarine compared to previous ones. Having created several previous projects, Iran gained the necessary experience and on its basis created a new submarine. Thus, the submarines of the types Ghadir and Nahang became landmarks on the way to the Fateh project. Similarly, the Fateh project can be considered a step towards the next submarine of the Besat type, laid down last year.

As follows from the available information, the latest Iranian submarines will be armed only with torpedoes and mines. This greatly limits the range of tasks performed, and also seriously affects the methods of combat work. For example, submarines of the Fateh type will not be able to strike at ships or coastal targets of the enemy from a distance of several tens or hundreds of kilometers, since they are unable to use cruise missiles. The effectiveness of torpedo attacks is difficult to assess due to the lack of information about the characteristics of torpedoes and the noise of new submarines.

Despite the rather weak weaponry, boats of the Fateh project may have advantages related to their small size and displacement. Relatively small submarines can secretly move in the Persian and Oman gulfs, as well as in the Strait of Hormuz. Thus, a large number of submarines of the type of Fateh will be able to control several important water areas. In addition, the construction of the second submarine of the new project on the shores of the Caspian Sea is a cause for concern. The appearance of the Iranian submarine on this sea will present the corresponding requirements for equipping the Caspian flotilla of the Russian Navy.

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  1. PSih2097
    PSih2097 5 February 2014 07: 40
    Well, you have to do project 21630 for the Caspian anti-aircraft defense ...
  2. Scandinavian
    Scandinavian 5 February 2014 07: 55
    Judging by the size, it resembles a rescue bathyscaphe than an underwater rocket and a torpedo bomber ...
  3. Sanamana
    Sanamana 5 February 2014 07: 55
    What is the boat for in the Caspian? It seems to be needed in the south.
    1. brainkiller
      brainkiller 5 February 2014 09: 18
      Quote: Sanamana
      What is the boat for in the Caspian? It seems to be needed in the south.
      guard Lukoil platforms =)))
  4. Duke
    Duke 5 February 2014 08: 06
    According to the deputy commander of the Iranian Navy, Rear Admiral Riz Kadem-Bigam Fateh submarine differs from the Qadir type submarines in more powerful missile and torpedo weapons. The ship uses technologies to reduce sonar signature. Fire control systems allow the Fateh submarine to fire missiles and torpedoes simultaneously.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 5 February 2014 10: 49
      Missiles there are Chinese C-803 with a dashboard for underwater shooting.
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 5 February 2014 23: 46
      Quote: Duke
      Fire control systems allow the Fateh submarine to fire missiles and torpedoes simultaneously.

      Well, I can still imagine shooting "in Macedonian", remembering the US Westerns. But at the same time, firing KR and t-dami - with difficulty. Here, perhaps, a 40 kilo bullet will be! Consistently ... well, maybe. But to "simultaneously" - fantastic! Yes, and infa looks like a message about their stealth fighter, where the pilot's legs rest against the fuselage nose spinner.
    3. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 6 February 2014 02: 12
      According to foreign media reports: "The submarine of the" Fateh "type is a development of the submarine of the" Ghadir "type. It has a displacement: surface - 527 tons, underwater - 593 tons. It is armed with 4 533-mm NTA. Total ammunition: 8 x 533-mm torpedoes or anti-ship missiles (4 - in tubes of TA, 4 - on racks). The depth of immersion is max = 250 meters. The relatively small H-immersion is due to the fact that the main area of ​​application of boats of this type will be the shallow regions of the Persian Gulf and the part of the Indian part adjacent to Iran The maximum surface speed is about 11 knots, the underwater speed is 14 knots. The submarine will be equipped with a standard set of electronic equipment and will be adapted for use by combat swimmers. "
      And hereafter on the site "Iranian submarines" it is said that the "submarine" Gaaem "(and not" Besat ") is a further development of the" Fateh "type using the technologies applied on the submarine pr. 877.
      She will have: 6 x 533-mm NTA and ammunition 18 torpedoes. (due to worsening crew living conditions). The submarine displacement of the boat will be about 1000 t. The combat zones of the Iranian submarines are: the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz, the Gulf of Aden and the northern Indian Ocean.
      There was a message that Iran is working on an anaerobic power plant for a nuclear submarine. First of all, they are planned for boats of the "Gadir" and "Fateh" types of later years of construction. To increase the combat potential of the submarine, the Qader anti-ship missiles are being tested in the version for launches from the submarine's TA. This will be the second anti-ship missile system of the Iranian Navy, adapted for use from a submarine.
      Iranian submariners "live" practiced tactics and techniques for intercepting US Airborne Forces when the latter passes the Strait of Hormuz. The Iranians were pleased with the results of the interception. According to them, the Yankees have never had steady contact with their submarines.
      Noteworthy is the information that the Iranians bought a submarine project in North Korea, and the first Iranian nuclear submarine will be a copy of the Korean one. The question is raised about the need to have fuel elements with the required parameters. Those. they already have a nuclear power plant project for submarines.
      On March 2012. in the military composition of the Navy of Iran were: Project 877 E submarine - 3 units, Yugo-type submarine - 4 units, Nahang-type submarine - 1 unit, Gadir-type submarine - 19 units, Kaaem-type submarine - 1 unit, ultra-small Submarine - 5 units. Over the period 2010-12, Iran's submarine fleet increased by almost 1,5 times: from 17 to 28 units. During these 2 years, 1 submarine of the "Kaay" type and 10 submarines of the "Gadir" type entered the Navy.
  5. invisibility
    invisibility 5 February 2014 09: 11
    Their perseverance is respected!
    Do you want peace, prepare for war ...
    1. mark7
      mark7 5 February 2014 21: 25
      Quote: invisible
      Their perseverance is respected.

      Rather, fears, and get to space slowly, technology must be sacred to the great powers if they want to be great
  6. Yarik
    Yarik 5 February 2014 09: 19
    Something like U-Boot Series 2 laughing
  7. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 5 February 2014 11: 51
    Earlier, in mid-September, a similar boat was noticed at a shipyard in the city of Bender-Enzeli, located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, which, however, is a little longer. It has been suggested that a modified version of the Fateh project exists.

    But this is already bad, before the Iranian Navy was inferior to our CFL. In the Caspian Sea, Iran had: 1 "destroyer" type "Jamaran" - Velayat, rather a light frigate built on the basis of the "Vosper Mk.5" project, launched on March 17 last year, armed with 2 "Merhab" air defense systems (copy of the American RIM -66 "Standard", 4 Iranian clones of Chinese anti-ship missiles S-802 with a firing range of 80-120 km, 76-mm AU Fajr 27 (copy of Oto-Melar), 2 20-mm "Erlikon" with manual guidance.

    Our project 11661 TFR "Tatarstan" and "Dagestan" are capable of killing this ship, and the "Dagestan" is flying right in the port.
    2 RCA "Peykan" and "Joshuan" of the French type La Combattante II (built in 2003-2006). armed with 76-mm AU and 4 anti-ship missiles S-802, which in 2013 came to Astrakhan.

    Former Shah's yacht "Hamzekh" built in 1936 (!), Armed with a 20mm "Erlikon" and 2 anti-ship missiles S-802.
    Now, with the advent of the submarines, it is likely that the 2-3 mini-submarines of the Ghadir type were used, which Iran has near 20 and which can easily be transferred by land to the Caspian Sea, the balance of forces has changed dramatically.

    We have no PLO ships in the Caspian, but from submarines: Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarines are too big, and the 677 Lada is incomplete. As an option, there is also a mini-diesel-electric submarine of project 865 "Piranha", but the fleet refused these diesel-electric submarines ...

    That is, it turns out that the Iranians can intercept our ships at the exit from their own bases.
    1. Su24
      Su24 5 February 2014 20: 11
      Oh, yes, Iran is sleeping and sees how to attack Russia) It holds the fleet against the Azeris, because The Caspian cannot be divided.
  8. Leshka
    Leshka 5 February 2014 13: 50
    Iranians have already well developed their shipbuilding