Military Review

The fate of the ships of the Navy GDR

3
Of all the small fleets of the countries - allies of the USSR under the Warsaw Pact, the Navy of the National People's Army of the GDR at the end of the 1980-s. was the most efficient. It was based on modern ships, which entered service in the 1970-x - 1980-x. In the western part of the Baltic Sea, the Navy of the GDR could independently solve the following tasks:
- defense of the coast;

- support for land forces in coastal areas;
- landing tactical assault forces;
- anti-submarine defense;
- fighting mines.

In total, at the time of the unification of Germany in 1990, it included 110 warships of various classes and 69 auxiliary vessels. As part of the marine aviation there were 24 helicopters (16 - of the Mi-8 type and 8 - of the Mi-14 type), as well as 20 Su-17 fighter-bombers. The number of personnel of the Navy is about 16 thousand people.

The largest ships in the Navy of the GDR were three patrol ships (TFR) of the type “Rostock” (pr.1159), built in the USSR at the Zelenodolsk shipyard in 1978,1979 and 1986 respectively.

The basis of the anti-submarine forces were 16 of small anti-submarine ships (IPC) of the type “Parchim” pr.NUMX. The ships were built from 133.1 to 1980 at the Peenewerft shipyard in Volgast under a project developed in the GDR with the help of Soviet specialists on the basis of the IPC 1985. In 1124-1986 for the USSR, the 1990 IPC of this type was built according to the modernized 12-M project.

Another example of cooperation between the Soviet Union and East Germany in the field of military shipbuilding was the construction of missile boats (RCA) in the GDR according to the Soviet project (RNXXX) missile boats (RCA) with a full displacement of 151 t, which were planned to be equipped with eight newest anti-ship missiles (UCR) under the Soviet license was planned to deploy in the GDR). It was assumed that this RCA would go into service with the fleets of the countries participating in the Warsaw Pact. Before the unification of Germany, it was possible to build only two boats of this type, four more were in varying degrees of readiness. To replace the outdated RCA, pr. 380 (at the end of the 205-s, all 1980 RCA of this project was put into reserve) the Navy GDR received five missile boats from the USSR, pr.12-RE. These boats (developed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau on the basis of 1241-T Ave.) from 1241.1 were built for export by Rybinsk and Yaroslavl shipyards. Total for Bulgaria, GDR, India, Yemen, Poland and Romania built 1980 RCA. The NDR GDR also had six large torpedo boats, 22 Ave., built in the USSR in 206-1968.

It is interesting to note that only in the GDR of the GDR there existed such a class of ships as ultra-small (with a displacement of 28) TCA of the “Libelle” type (further development of the TCA of the “Iltis” type) with torpedo tubes for 533-mm torpedoes. The torpedo was fired back - just like the Soviet TKAs of the type “G-5” in 1930-1940 did. East German fleet had thirty TKA type "Libelle".

The amphibious forces included 12 amphibious assault ships (DCs) of the “Noyagswerda” type (full displacement 2000т), designed and built in 1974-1980. in the GDR. Two more ships of this type were converted into supply transports.

The NDR of the GDR possessed sufficiently numerous mine-sweeping forces. Since 1969, the construction of base minesweepers (BTs) of the type “Greiz” (“Kondor II”) has been carried out. The East German fleet received 26 ships of this type, another 18 units completed in the version of the border TFR (type "Kondor I") for the Coast Guard (Grenzebrigade Kuste). Five BCS were converted into rescue and training vessels.

As part of the subsidiary fleet there were 69 vessels for various purposes. Basically, these were modern ships of relatively small displacement, built at national shipyards, as well as in the USSR and Poland.

* * *

October 3 1990, the “state of workers and peasants on German soil” (as its first leader, Wilhelm Peak, proudly called the GDR), ceased to exist, and the leadership of united Germany urgently raised the question of what to do with the personnel and weapons that inheritance from the NNA GDR. A temporary joint command of the Bundeswehr "Ost" (East) was formed on the territory of the former GDR, which assumed the role of a liquidation commission. The personnel of the military service were gradually fired, and a certain number of officers, after a corresponding "check", were hired to serve in the Bundeswehr. Weapons and equipment, with rare exceptions (MiG-29 fighters), were supposed to be sold to other countries or disposed of. The entire fleet of the former GDR was concentrated in Rostock and waited for its fate. Immediately went to scrapping the oldest and most demanding repair ships. The government of Germany was intensely looking for buyers, hoping to profitably sell the most modern combat units.

All 16 IPC type "Parchim" in 1992 was bought by Indonesia, the ships after the conversion and training of crews gradually moved to Surabaya. It is interesting to note that in 1996, the Zelenodolsk PKB proposed to the command of the Indonesian Navy a project to modernize these ships to the level of the IPC Ave. 133.1-M. In addition, Indonesia 9 CSTs of the type “Kondor II” and all 12 DCs of the type “Hoyerswerda”, as well as two supply transport re-equipped from DCs, were acquired.

Of all the inheritance inherited by the FRG, the greatest interest was caused by the RCA, pr.1241-RE. Considering that among Russian buyers weapons there are, to put it mildly, unfriendly US states, the command of the US Navy decided to thoroughly examine the boat. The choice fell on the PKA "Hiddensee" (formerly "Rudolf Egelhofter"). In December, 1991, on the deck of a transport vessel, he arrived in the United States and was assigned to the United States Naval Research Center in Solomon, Maryland. The boat was subjected to extensive testing on a special program. American specialists highly appreciated the design of the ship hull, its handling and maneuverability, but there was an insufficient (by American standards) resource of marching and afterburning gas turbines, which were traditionally criticized for electronic weapons. Also noted was the low combat effectiveness of the P-20 missiles (export modification of the C-C P-15M “Termite”), a six-barrel AK-630 AU received a good rating. In general, it was concluded that the RCA of this type, armed with more modern anti-ship missiles "Mosquito" (pr. 12411, 12421) or "Uran" (pr. 12418) represent a rather serious danger to the US Navy and its allies.

The remaining four RCAs remained in Rostock. Periodically, there were reports of the desire of Poland, which has four similar boats, to purchase two more from the Federal Republic of Germany. Profitable selling Indonesia most of the modern ships, the government of Germany began to actually distribute the rest. So, in 1993-1994. it was decided to transfer three to Latvia, and to Estonia - nine converted boats, pr.205 (the RCC П-15 launchers were removed from them). Part of the boats has already been transferred. Latvia also received two Kondor II type TSSs. Germany was also generously handed over to the Kondor I type border guard posts: four units to Tunisia, two to Malta, one to Guinea-Bissau, and two (in 1994) to Estonia.

The least fortunate were three TFR pr.1159 - not finding a buyer, the command of Bundesmarine sold them for scrap.

Not a single warship of the Navy of the GDR was incorporated into the Bundesmarine. Three new boats, pr.151 (one was completed already in Germany, three were sold to Poland in an unfinished state) were reequipped and incorporated into the Coast Guard (Bundesgrenzschutz-See) of the Federal Republic of Germany, along with three border guard missiles of the type “Kondor I”.

Thus, the fleet of the GDR ended its existence, whose ships passed under the flags of eight states.

The fate of the ships of the Navy GDR

"The ships of the socialist republics of the Baltic Sea in a single system." Reception of fuel from the tanker "Sheksna" by two Soviet ships and the German TFR pr.1159



IPC pr.133.1 follow to the action area of ​​the submarine "enemy"



IPC pr.133.1 and TKA type "Libelle" in the campaign



Missile boat "Sassnitz" pr.151




Small anti-submarine ship "Parchim" pr.133.1 on the Neva. Leningrad, June 1981



Unfinished boats pr.151 on Peenewerft, 2 July 1998



Raising the flag on the Grom artillery boat of the Polish Navy, 28 on April 1995. Ship Ave. 151 was purchased from Germany and completed in Poland according to an amended project



German patrol boat "Bad Dublen", converted from the RCA pr.151
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  1. tlauicol
    tlauicol 5 February 2014 07: 47
    +4
    The Sassnitz missile boat scares the West with empty Uranus missile launchers. Characteristically, the rocket was designed as an ersatz for the allies, but it did not ripen on time.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 5 February 2014 09: 45
      +1
      Quote: Tlauicol
      The Sassnitz missile boat scares the West with empty Uranus missile launchers. Characteristically, the rocket was designed as an ersatz for the allies, but it did not ripen on time.

      Duc a lot of things could not keep up ... The first Lightning Termites armed there, because The mosquito lingered ...
  2. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 5 February 2014 08: 26
    +5
    from the Don.
    how much labor wasted! Humpbacked man: thanks: -fuck!
    1. klim44
      klim44 5 February 2014 17: 27
      -13%
      Dear, and where does Mikhail Gorbachev? Germany united, the Germans wanted to live in a united Germany, what was he supposed to fight ???
      1. vladkavkaz
        vladkavkaz 5 February 2014 17: 31
        +7
        klim44 (
        Did the Germans want to unite?
        Yeah, but how then to relate to the opinion of ordinary Germans, 35-50 years of age, back in the 90 years that they already said, Gorbachev betrays and surrenders everyone, including the Union?
        I had a chance in those years to talk with normal, smart people, from workers and peasants to military men from the border regiment in Potsdam.
  3. Ptah
    Ptah 5 February 2014 08: 44
    +2
    There are not as many ships in modern Deutsche Marine as it might seem, but they are all in excellent condition, not older than 79 (excluding a few "auxiliary" and a couple of tankers).
    If we take into account the length of the sea borders of Germany itself, it is quite enough. And the Germans are not going to capture colonies around the globe.
    The industry is capable of producing both ships of large displacement and modern submarines.
    Not so bad ...

    Threat. And what a sad woman in the stern. Looking under the transom ... All that is missing is a frozen dog at the feet ...
  4. Takashi
    Takashi 5 February 2014 08: 55
    0
    why did the Germans abandon our ships so quickly?
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 5 February 2014 09: 44
      +11
      Why do the Germans need these ships? The armament is all Soviet, and they have a unified under NATO standards. In addition, the financial situation does not allow a large fleet to contain.
      1. Bosk
        Bosk 5 February 2014 20: 04
        +2
        For a ship built according to other standards and technologies, almost a new plant needs to be built for its maintenance ..., practical Germans will not go for it many times, but what kind of Germans are there ... generous America cannot afford it.
  5. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 5 February 2014 09: 41
    +3
    Sad ...
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 5 February 2014 11: 25
    +13
    It is worth noting that the Germans very competently ordered the fate of the ships of the former GDR, they did not cut them into needles, but sold them out, receiving money, unlike, for example, the former Soviet ships ...
    And so, of course, it is a pity, Judas Humpback, to burn him in hell forever ...
  8. moremansf
    moremansf 5 February 2014 11: 44
    +3
    After the German Democratic Republic entered the FRG 3 on October 1990, the formations of the Navy of the GDR (Volksmarine) passed under the command of the specially created Bundeswehr-Ost command led by the sent West German commanders. The forces of the former Volksmarine were led by Admiral Bundesmarine Dirk Horten. Immediately after that, the systematic liquidation of the material and personnel base of the Navy began. The vast majority of ships in 1991 — 1996. It was sold either to the armed forces of other countries, or simply for scrap. The vast majority of officers and non-commissioned officers are dismissed from service. After the end of the Cold War, the FRG and NATO did not have any opponents in the Baltic Sea against whom it would be economically feasible to maintain a powerful fleet.
    Main reasons:
    -Inability of the defensive fleet of the GDR to carry out new aggressive tasks as part of the NATO bloc (the war in Yugoslavia, the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, Libya, etc.) - primarily the lack of aircraft carriers and other large warships for long-distance ocean trips.
    - The general trend is to minimize budget spending in Germany after the merger.
    - The Bonn leadership’s distrust of the old skeleton of the fleet and the general tendency to fill managerial positions by West German appointees, as a result of which the admiral composition of the former Navy of the GDR was completely dismissed from the service, and the officer and non-commissioned officers almost completely.
    On photo:A large missile boat of the 1241RE Rudolf Egelhofer Navy of the former German Democratic Republic in 1992 was transferred for study in the United States. Currently an exhibit at the Maritime Museum in Newport Rhode Island.
  9. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 5 February 2014 13: 06
    0
    Quote: Kovrovsky
    Sad ...


    My opinion is the same ...
  10. Sirocco
    Sirocco 5 February 2014 15: 17
    +3
    We must pay tribute to the Americans, they acted competently, thoroughly disassembled and studied. Well, then, as always, all the equipment is bad, the weapons are even worse. Gene has a good example of American "truth" and the assessment of our weapons. Kharchevsky, starting from 7min 40 sec.
  11. crasever
    crasever 5 February 2014 17: 07
    +3
    And what, interestingly, is the situation at the Polish shipyards now - probably, after the liberation of Poland from totalitarianism with the help of workers - shipbuilders from Solidarity, they do not have time to cope with orders ??
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 5 February 2014 17: 57
    0
    In the Baltic, the former. Baltic friendly ROKs are now "potential adversaries" of the BF. It's good that they became harmless coast guard boats, having lost the remnants of combat value. soldier
  13. Starina_hank
    Starina_hank 5 February 2014 21: 12
    +3
    I remember at Borodino, IIC met on a collision course, turned around, lay down on a parallel course, greeted the flag with a whistle and went forward. GDRovsky turned out to be, and our VO was late with a half minute greeting. There were good ships, and good sailors.