Military Review

Victory Day at the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943

Victory Day at the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943

February 2 1943 year folded weapons The last group of Nazis, who fought in the north of Stalingrad. The battle of Stalingrad was completed by the brilliant victory of the Red Army. Hitler blamed the defeat of the Luftwaffe command. He shouted at Goering and promised to put him under execution (the Führer had high hopes for the "air bridge", which was supposed to supply the surrounded troops. Another scapegoat was Paulus. The Fuhrer promised after the end of the war to betray Paulus and his generals to a military tribunal, since he did not fulfill his order to fight to the last bullet.

In the German Empire, a three-day mourning was announced for the dead. People were crying in the streets when they announced on the radio that the 6 Army had to surrender. 3 February Tippelskirch noted that the Stalingrad catastrophe "shook the German army and the German people ... There was something incomprehensible, not experienced from 1806 year - the death of the army surrounded by the enemy." The Third Reich not only lost the most important battle, lost the army tested in battles, suffered huge human losses, but also lost the glory that it gained at the beginning of the war and which began to fade during the battle for Moscow. It was a strategic turning point in the Great Patriotic War.

The central square of Stalingrad on the day of the surrender of German troops in the Battle of Stalingrad. Soviet people go to the square Tanks T-34

6-I German army was surrounded during the implementation of the strategic offensive operation "Uranus". 19 November 1942 began the offensive of the troops of the South-Western and Don fronts. November 20 on the offensive went part of the Stalingrad Front. November 23 in the area of ​​the Soviet united part of the South-Western and Stalingrad fronts. The encirclement included units of the 6 th field army and the 4 th tank army (22 divisions totaling 330 thousand people).

November 24 Adolf Hitler rejected the proposal of the commander of Paulus’s 6 Army to go for a breakthrough before it was too late. The Fuhrer ordered to hold the city at all costs and wait for outside help. It was a fatal mistake. 12 December Kotelnikovsky German grouping launched a counteroffensive with the aim of unlocking the army of Paulus. However, by December 15, the enemy offensive was stopped. 19 December, the Germans again tried to break through the corridor. By the end of December, the German forces that were trying to unblock the Stalingrad group had been defeated and were driven further away from Stalingrad.

As the Wehrmacht drove farther west, Paulus’s troops lost hope of salvation. The chief of staff of the ground forces (OKH), Kurt Zeitzler, unsuccessfully persuaded Hitler to allow Paulus to break through from Stalingrad. However, Hitler was still against this idea. He proceeded from the fact that the Stalingrad grouping binds a significant number of Soviet troops and thus prevents the Soviet command from launching an even more powerful offensive.

At the end of December, a discussion of further actions was held at the State Defense Committee. Stalin proposed to transfer the guide for the defeat of the surrounding enemy forces into the hands of one person. The rest of the GKO members supported this decision. As a result, the operation to destroy the enemy troops was headed by Konstantin Rokossovsky. Under his command was the Don Front.

The Germans, surrounded by Stalingrad at the start of the “Ring” operation, were still a serious force: about 250 thousand people, more than 4 thousand guns and mortars, up to 300 tanks and 100 aircraft. December 27 Rokossovsky presented a plan of operation to Stalin. It should be noted that the Headquarters practically did not strengthen the Don Front with tank and rifle formations. The front had fewer troops than the enemy: 212 thousand people, 6,8 thousand guns and mortars, 257 tanks and 300 aircraft. Due to the lack of forces, Rokossovsky was forced to order the cessation of the offensive and the transition to defense. Artillery was to play a decisive role in the operation.

One of the most important tasks that Konstantin Konstantinovich had to solve after encircling the enemy was the liquidation of the “air bridge”. German airplanes supplied the German group with ammunition, fuel, and food. Reichsmarschall German Goering promised to transfer up to 500 tons of cargo daily to Stalingrad. However, as Soviet troops advanced westward, the task became more complicated. I had to use more and more remote airfields from Stalingrad. In addition, Soviet pilots under the command of the generals Golovanov and Novikov who arrived near Stalingrad actively destroyed enemy transport aircraft. A large role in the destruction of the air bridge "played and anti-aircraft gunners. Between November 24 and January 31, 1942, the Germans lost about 500 vehicles. After such losses, Germany was no longer able to restore the potential of the military transport aviation. Very soon, German aircraft could transfer only about 100 tons of cargo per day. From January 16 to 28, only about 60 tons of cargo were dumped per day.

The position of the German grouping has deteriorated dramatically. Ammunition and fuel was not enough. Hunger began. The soldiers were forced to eat horses, left over from the defeated Romanian cavalry, as well as horses, which were used for transport purposes in the German infantry divisions. Ate and dogs. The shortage of food was noted even before the encirclement of the German troops. Then it was found that the food ration of soldiers is no more than 1800 kilocalories. This led to the fact that up to a third of the personnel suffered from various diseases. Hunger, excessive mental and physical stress, cold, lack of medicines were the causes of high mortality among the Germans.

Under these conditions, the commander of the Don Front, Rokossovsky, suggested sending an ultimatum to the Germans, the text of which was agreed with the General Headquarters. Given the hopeless situation and the futility of further resistance, Rokossovsky suggested that the enemy lay down his arms in order to avoid vain bloodshed. The prisoners were promised normal food and medical care. 8 January 1943 was attempted to deliver an ultimatum to German troops. Previously, on the radio, the Germans were notified of the appearance of parliamentarians and ceased firing at the site where the ultimatum was to be given to the enemy. However, no one came out to meet the Soviet parliamentarians, and then they opened fire on them. The Soviet attempt to show humanity towards the defeated enemy was not successful. Roughly violating the rules of war, the Nazis shot at the Soviet parliamentarians.

However, the Soviet command still hoped for the reasonableness of the enemy. The next day, January 9, made a second attempt to give the Germans an ultimatum. This time, the Germans met the Soviet parliamentarians. Soviet parliamentarians offered to hold them to Paulus. But they were told that they knew the content of the ultimatum from the radio program and that the command of the German troops refused to accept this demand. The Soviet command tried to bring to the Germans the idea of ​​the senselessness of resistance through other channels: hundreds of thousands of leaflets were dropped onto the territory of the surrounded German troops, German prisoners of war appeared on the radio.

On the morning of January 10, 1943, after a powerful artillery and air strike, the Don Front troops launched an offensive. German troops, despite all the difficulties with the supply, put up fierce resistance. They relied on a fairly powerful defense, organized on equipped positions, which the Red Army occupied in the summer of 1942. Their battle formations were tight due to the shrinking front. The Germans made one counterattack after another, trying to hold their positions. The offensive took place in severe weather conditions. Frost and snowstorms hampered the movement of troops. In addition, the Soviet troops had to attack in an open area, while the enemy kept the defense in trenches, dugouts.

However, the Soviet troops were able to penetrate the enemy's defenses. They were eager to free Stalingrad, which became a symbol of the invincibility of the Soviet Union. Every step was worth the blood. A trench for a trench, fortifications for strengthening took the Soviet fighters. By the end of the first day, Soviet troops had penetrated 6-8 km in a number of sectors into the enemy defenses. The greatest success was the 65-I army of Pavel Batov. She was advancing in the direction of the Kennel. The 44-i and 76-i German infantry and 29-i motorized divisions defeated in this direction suffered great losses. The Germans attempted to stop our armies at the second defensive line, which mainly passed along the middle Stalingrad defensive line, but did not succeed. The Don Front 13-14 January made a regrouping of forces and January 15 resumed the offensive. By the middle of the day, the second German defensive line was broken. The remains of the German troops began to retreat to the ruins of the city.

January 1943. Street fights.

January 24 Paulus reported on the deaths of the 44, 76, 100, 305 and 384 infantry divisions. The front was torn apart, the strong points remained only in the area of ​​the city. The catastrophe of the army became inevitable. Paulus offered to rescue the remaining people to give him permission to surrender. However, Hitler did not give permission to capitulate.

The plan of the operation, developed by the Soviet command, provided for the dismemberment of the German group into two parts. 25 January 21-I army of Ivan Chistyakov made its way into the city from the western direction. From the eastern direction, the 62-I army of Vasily Chuikov was advancing. After the 16 days of brutal 26 battles of January, our armies united in the area of ​​the Krasny Oktyabr village and Mamayev Kurgan. Soviet troops dismembered the German 6 th army into the northern and southern groups. The southern group, sandwiched in the southern part of the city, included the remnants of the 4, 8 and 51 army corps and the 14 tank corps. During this time, the Germans lost up to 100 thousand people.

It must be said that a rather long operation period was associated not only with a powerful defense, dense enemy defensive orders (a large number of troops in a relatively small area), and a shortage of tank and rifle formations of the Don Front. It was important and the desire of the Soviet command to avoid unnecessary losses. German resistance knots were crushed by powerful fire strikes.

The rings of the environment around the German factions continued to shrink. Fighting in the city continued for several more days. 28 January, the southern German group was torn into two parts. January 30 Hitler produced Paulus to field marshals. In the radiogram sent to the commander of the 6 army, Hitler hinted to him that he should commit suicide because not a single German field marshal had been captured. 31 January Paulus surrendered. The South German grouping capitulated. On the same day, Field Marshal was taken to the headquarters of Rokossovsky. Despite the demands of Rokossovsky and the commander of the Red Army artillery Nikolai Voronov (he took an active part in the development of the “Ring” plan) to order the surrender of the remnants of the 6 army and save soldiers and officers, Paulus refused to give such an order, under the pretext that he was a prisoner of war , and his generals are now personally subordinate to Hitler.

The imprisonment of Field Marshal Paulus.

The northern grouping of the 6 Army, which was defending itself in the area of ​​the tractor plant and the Barricades plant, lasted somewhat longer. However, after a powerful February 2 artillery strike, she also capitulated. The commander of the 11 Army Corps, Karl Streiker, surrendered. In total, 24 General, 2500 officers and about 90 thousand soldiers were captured during the operation “Ring”.

Operation Ring completed the success of the Red Army at Stalingrad. The whole world saw how not long ago “invincible” representatives of the “higher race” were tattered by ragged mobs sadly captive. During the offensive, the troops of the Don Front in the period from January 10 to February 2 completely destroyed the Wehrmacht 22 divisions.

German prisoners from the 11 Infantry Corps of Colonel-General Karl Strecker, who surrendered in February 2 1943. District of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant

Almost immediately after the elimination of the last foci of resistance of the enemy, the troops of the Don Front began to load into echelons and move to the west. Soon they will form the south face of the Kursk bulge. The troops that passed the battle of the Stalingrad battle became the elite of the Red Army. In addition to combat experience, they felt the taste of victory, were able to withstand and win up over the enemy's selective troops. In April-May, the armies participating in the Battle of Stalingrad received the rank of guards. 21-Army Chistyakov became 6-th Guards Army, 24-Army Galanin - 4-Guards, 62-Army Chuikov - 8-Guards, 64-I Shumilova army - 7-Guards, 66-I Zhadova - 5-th Guards.

The defeat of the Germans at Stalingrad became the largest military and political event of the Second World War. The military plans of the German military-political leadership failed completely. In the war there was a radical change in favor of the Soviet Union.

The best fighters of the 95 Infantry Division (62-I army) after the liberation of the plant "Red October" were photographed at the shop, which was still burning. Soldiers rejoice at the thanks received from Supreme Commander J. V. Stalin, addressed to parts of the Don Front. In the first row to the right is the division commander, Colonel Vasily Akimovich Gorishniy. Source:
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  1. svp67
    svp67 2 February 2014 07: 00
    I hope no one is smart enough to conduct a survey on the topic: "Maybe it was worth surrendering Stalingrad to save hundreds of thousands of lives ...". Time shows that you have to fight for your land to the end, not that for every inch, for every inch ... otherwise you can lose everything
    1. sub307
      sub307 2 February 2014 07: 18
      And if that's enough - well, them .... you know where. It just grew up on the bones of those who gave their lives to a generation of well-fed, liberating eccentrics with the letter "m", perhaps completely sincerely not understanding how it is possible to part with life, even, but with a little bit of their fucking blessings. Doesn't fit into their minds.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. подводник
      подводник 2 February 2014 11: 50
      And you do not promise ... wait and see !!!!!!
      With Leningrad, they only had this "beginning" !!!!
      I am sure that their company, according to the denomination of the Great Glory of our ancestors, will continue ...... only their next move will be unexpected and much more acute and painful in perception ......
      How to deal with this ??????
      And how they fought with the Nazis, tear to pieces ... until these scum creep to their patrons ...
      1. Internal combustion engine
        Internal combustion engine 3 February 2014 11: 00
        They did not start it yesterday. You will remember the 90s and the beginning of the two thousandth how these liberal clowns distorted the history of the Great Patriotic War. Only recently have they started to gag them.
    4. The comment was deleted.
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 2 February 2014 07: 23
    For the first time I saw this photo of our fighters of the 95th division rejoicing victory, a very good photo.

    There are probably a lot of similar photos in the old archives of our veterans - I would like to see them.
    1. KUBANA777
      KUBANA777 4 February 2014 00: 54
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      For the first time I saw this photo of our fighters of the 95th division rejoicing victory, a very good photo. In the old archives of our veterans there are probably a lot of similar photos - I would like to see them

      in the photo with a column of prisoners, pay attention to our soldier who leads the column, his uniform, imagine he looks worse than some prisoners and in this form, with poor support, our soldiers pulled the whole war on themselves. In the bottom photo, everyone is already dressed normally.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 07: 34
    Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten! Glory to the 62nd army! Glory to Chuykov Vasily Ivanovich! Every Hero was there! Special thanks to Zaitsev! Edren the HUNTER! angry
    1. Corsair
      Corsair 2 February 2014 07: 55
      Quote: Siberia 9444
      Special thanks to Zaitsev!
      "There is no land for us beyond the Volga" - SAID and DONE by a fighter!
      Happy anniversary to all!
      1. German
        German 2 February 2014 17: 53
        in Ukraine (Yekaterinoslav-Dnepropetrovsk) this is also remembered !!!! Death to the invaders !!! We remember the feat of our grandfathers !!!!
  4. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 2 February 2014 07: 59
    from the Don.
    The desire of the Soviet command to avoid unnecessary losses also mattered. German knots of resistance were crushed by powerful fire strikes.
    Such actions are pleasing. The life of a warrior is above all!
  5. Duke
    Duke 2 February 2014 08: 13
    Glory to the heroes of Stalingrad
    1. Fedya
      Fedya 2 February 2014 23: 06
      Let me add to your photo.
  6. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun 2 February 2014 08: 37
    Congratulations to all on a holiday - the day of military glory!

    The victory at Stalingrad is symbolic, apart from the exploits of our soldiers, also by the fact that Field Marshal Paulus, the main developer of the Barbarossa plan, was taken prisoner.

    Paulus also visited Moscow))) Together with his soldiers. This I recall the first passage of captured Wehrmacht soldiers in the capital, when irrigation machines rode behind them and washed off traces.

    Our people, by the way, did not take revenge. Met prisoners in silence, not curses. Although many residents at this time, relatives fought, or died.
  7. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 08: 50
    The Red Army captured a German sniper. THERE ARE THE HERO 1943. I don’t know why, but this photo struck me the most. Dirty, ragged, hungry BUT None of them and did not think to create a steel building!
    1. ya.seliwerstov2013
      ya.seliwerstov2013 2 February 2014 09: 46
      Dear guests walked in !!! Come to us again. We are glad to fools.
    2. Mikado
      Mikado 2 February 2014 14: 06
      this is not a sniper take. There is a video of this fragment, there they got five more Fritz out of this hole.
      1. Siberia 9444
        Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 15: 27
        I won’t argue. It was written like that, but if you still got it, it’s very good! smile
    3. Fedya
      Fedya 2 February 2014 23: 10
      Well, there were people like ours in 41m.
  8. Gray 43
    Gray 43 2 February 2014 08: 51
    I think that it would be nice for all provocateurs who publicly doubt the protection of the motherland to be sent to ex-Nazi death camps for excursion
    1. zvereok
      zvereok 2 February 2014 10: 20
      First of all, part of our elite doubts this. Not all the truth - even many outright thieves officials, did not come to such a thought.

      But families as honorable hostages in the west, it has been practiced since ancient times, as ext. guarantee from the conquered peoples.

      In addition, 10 percent of the migrant population will never mind protecting this country. Some of them will leave for themselves, some will become criminals and rioters, some will go over to the side of the enemy.
      1. ty60
        ty60 3 February 2014 01: 17
        They’ll go to the place where the money is kept, where the children are taught, where they got real estate. And the Gaster, for the most part, are marauders
    2. Enot-poloskun
      Enot-poloskun 2 February 2014 10: 58
      Or maybe better - for forced labor.

      Namely - in the search squads to search for the missing of our soldiers.

      Somewhere near Sinyavino.

      Maybe then they realize that you need to fight for your homeland! Also, as in the Great Patriotic War.
    3. 310815
      310815 2 February 2014 11: 15
      not for excursions, but for processing into fertilizers
    4. Viktor Shmagin
      Viktor Shmagin 2 February 2014 16: 03
      On the tour, and a month to hold them there with all the charms of the Nazi era, with that ration, beatings and work
    5. sspd
      sspd 2 February 2014 16: 33
      ... at least 10 years. And Stalingraders - a happy holiday!
  9. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 09: 00
    I think that it would be nice for all the provocateurs who publicly doubt the sense of defending their homeland to be forcibly sent to ex-Nazi death camps for an excursion. And leave the month at THREE !!!!!!!!!!!!! What was the time to think head off! fool
    1. Gray 43
      Gray 43 2 February 2014 09: 13
      If this does not help, then as a consumable
  10. ruslan7608
    ruslan7608 2 February 2014 09: 01
    Eternal memory and glory to the dead and survivors of that war !!! And the provocateurs asking the question about the surrender of this or that city simply remove from the air and send the forest to fall, then they learn to love their homeland !!!
  11. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 2 February 2014 09: 40
    Great day. Great Victory !!!
  12. Stinger
    Stinger 2 February 2014 09: 49
    No renaming of the city can overshadow the feat of the defenders of Stalingrad. And how did we live to see that in many countries of the world streets and squares are named after their exploits, and we have idiotism in the first place, and then exploits?
    1. tellurium
      tellurium 2 February 2014 15: 36
      Only in Paris, in memory of the destruction of three divisions near Stalingrad, which invaded the French capital in 1940, Stalingrad was named after the square, boulevard and metro station. Central streets, squares and squares with this name are found today in the cities of Great Britain, Belgium, Italy and a number of other countries. It is time for us to return to this city its true name, STALINGRAD.
      1. commbatant
        commbatant 2 February 2014 18: 17
        Quote: tellurium
        It is time for us to return to this city its true name, STALINGRAD.

        The original name did not seem to be STALINGRAD, or am I wrong?
        1. ty60
          ty60 3 February 2014 01: 18
          Before that was Tsaritsyn.
  13. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 09: 50
    Quote: Gray 43
    If this does not help, then as a consumable

    So our great-grandfathers and grandfathers made one!
  14. kaktus
    kaktus 2 February 2014 10: 24
    Nazarov Ivan Yakovlevich 1901
    Last duty station 39 Guards. SD 117 Guards Joint venture
    The military rank of Guards. Art. political instructor
    Reason for disposal killed
    Name of TsAMO information source
    Date of death 22.10.1942/XNUMX/XNUMX
    Burial place - Volgograd, Krasnooktyabrsky district,
    Mass grave No. 2

    This is my grandfather, mother's father, and now I am much older than him ...
    1. Ayax1978
      Ayax1978 5 February 2014 16: 47
      My grandfather (coincidentally - my mother’s father) also served in 117 GvSP 39 GvSD. He was called up in 1942, was near Stalingrad, and reached Berlin. I found award sheets for him in the military archive.
  15. Cossack23
    Cossack23 2 February 2014 10: 55
    Thanks to the ancestors for the victory. Just Thank you!
  16. supertiger21
    supertiger21 2 February 2014 11: 33
    All with the anniversary of the victory! It is only a pity that the majority of young people do not know and do not remember those events. We must propagandize this in all Russian media as much as possible.
  17. Taoist
    Taoist 2 February 2014 11: 33
    "Night. February. Knee-deep snow,
    Less thirty and hellish cold.
    Along the great river froze
    The longest city in Europe.
    Boulevards sparkle through snowflakes
    Electricity lights.
    Look down the windows in the yards dips
    Due to battery paraphernalia.
    For the Dam - your bastion -
    Winter caught in my teeth
    And before the sun two days south
    Versts considered to be pillars.
    Quiet. Fabulously. On glass
    Hoarfrost paints Gzhel patterns.
    In the parks watching summer dreams
    Swing dead in the ice.
    Exciting beeping train station
    The train, maybe even fast.
    Crossroads run kept
    Useless traffic lights.
    Snowmen in the yards again
    They don’t find couples for a waltz,
    Cut through the lanes of haze
    Lonely car headlights.
    All in the floodlights sleeping mound,
    Famous for bloody fame
    Sky starry bayonet
    At the snowy panorama.
    And blowing snow in the squares
    Not finding objects for the game,
    Runs his marathon
    Thirty kilometers of Prospect. "(C)
  18. PValery53
    PValery53 2 February 2014 12: 25
    Ordinary Russian (Soviet) heroes overcame, grind the vaunted German car near Stalingrad! I am proud of the steadfastness of our people! As the poet said, - "Nails would be made of these people!"
  19. moremansf
    moremansf 2 February 2014 12: 26
  20. wolf1945
    wolf1945 2 February 2014 13: 04
    Eternal memory to our soldiers who gave their lives for our homeland! soldier
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  23. vostok1982
    vostok1982 2 February 2014 13: 10
    And who then would have thought that in 2014 the Nazis would again be sitting in the center of Kiev? Who!
    1. Osyris
      Osyris 2 February 2014 19: 40
      Are there fewer of them in Moscow and St. Petersburg?
  24. sinukvl
    sinukvl 2 February 2014 13: 10
    Thanks to everyone who defended our homeland for what we are!
  25. delfinN
    delfinN 2 February 2014 13: 14
    All of them hoped to get a land plot in the East. Received...
    1. ya.seliwerstov2013
      ya.seliwerstov2013 2 February 2014 14: 02
      Like naughty schoolchildren. Only a note from mom will not help them now.
  26. sinukvl
    sinukvl 2 February 2014 13: 15
    The main thing is not to forget!
  27. Arh
    Arh 2 February 2014 13: 59
    Symbolically, during the bombing and art shelling, this monument remained intact, a kind of reminder of the World! ! !
  28. chehywed
    chehywed 2 February 2014 14: 10
    It seems I know ... and I remember ... and when I read or look - a lump in my throat ...
  29. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 2 February 2014 14: 20
    This man wanted to make a second Stalingrad, but with peaceful violence. Just wipe the city off the face of the earth. Eternal memory to our peacekeepers !!!
  30. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 2 February 2014 14: 22
    The answer to all !!!
  31. Zomanus
    Zomanus 2 February 2014 14: 32
    Video in topic
    1. commbatant
      commbatant 2 February 2014 18: 35
      this video should be pi ..... show rams from European NATO countries if they ask what kind of SPU OTR "Iskander" we are placing in the Kaliningrad province ...
    2. sds555
      sds555 2 February 2014 19: 16
      Lord, it’s good that the veterans are still alive, they keep for us the MEMORY OF THE WAR, in spite of all kinds of duremar like Bondarchuk Jr. who are far from patriots, but golimnye opportunists!
      1. turishev
        turishev 2 February 2014 19: 57
        The film was shot not in Russian like the Siberian barber in the American manner
      2. Koliamba_TV
        Koliamba_TV 3 February 2014 21: 56
        I also did not like the film, in many cases it was not true.
  32. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 2 February 2014 15: 17
    My father wanted to go to Volgograd, but it did not work out.
    He got to Stalingrad himself after the hospital, fought to the end. The first officer rank was received personally from the hands of Chuikov. And then he became a communist.
  33. waisson
    waisson 2 February 2014 16: 49
    This city is very dear to me because I was born in it on February 2. THANKS TO THE GRANDFATES FOR VICTORY !!!! soldier soldier soldier
  34. commbatant
    commbatant 2 February 2014 17: 50
    6-I German army was surrounded during the implementation of the strategic offensive operation "Uranus". 19 November 1942 began the offensive of the troops of the South-Western and Don fronts. November 20 on the offensive went part of the Stalingrad Front. November 23 in the area of ​​the Soviet united part of the South-Western and Stalingrad fronts. The encirclement included units of the 6 th field army and the 4 th tank army (22 divisions totaling 330 thousand people).

    The technical error of the author is not not the 4th, but the 1st Tank Army
    1. alone
      alone 2 February 2014 18: 44
      Quote: commbatant
      The technical error of the author is not not the 4th, but the 1st Tank Army

      You are mistaken. The 1st tank was in the Caucasian direction. But the 4th under the command of G. Gotha took part in the Battle of Stalingrad.
  35. Jeka
    Jeka 2 February 2014 17: 55
    My great-grandfather was born, raised and died as a soldier of the Red Army defending his hometown of Stalingrad. Glory to the Russian people! Glory to the Winners!
  36. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 2 February 2014 18: 00
    Quote: waisson
    This city is very dear to me because I was born in it on February 2. THANKS TO THE GRANDFATES FOR VICTORY !!!! soldier soldier soldier

    HAPPY BIRTHDAY! This summer I want to come, I’m going for a long time. To go so far from Siberia. smile
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 2 February 2014 18: 02
      ochku-s-cvetkom.html # comment-id-1902243
  37. shelva
    shelva 2 February 2014 20: 42
    Glory and Eternal memory to all participants in the battle of Stalingrad.
  38. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 2 February 2014 21: 18
    Thank you all for the truthful (sincerely fasting) Eternal glory to the defenders (fallen and alive) STALINGRAD! Glory to those who, in the June-September battles, enabled Stalingrad to prepare and stand in hell. Glory to those who walked (reached, did not reach!) From Brest to Stalingrad and back to Berlin!
  39. Pesnyadv
    Pesnyadv 2 February 2014 22: 35
    Great pride for a great people and a great country named RUSSIA!
    Glory to people who were stronger than steel, harder than concrete, which did not take fire!
    Glory to Russia and its people!
    Many of my relatives fought.
    One grandfather returned from the war.
    The second grandfather died in this war.
    Until the mid-60s, my grandmother went about fortune-telling, she wanted to believe that the funeral had come by mistake and her husband, and my grandfather, was alive.

    Bondarchuk shame and curse for his idiotic film.
    I watched this film, swearing and spitting.
    It’s a shame that they not only made such a film, but also showed it to the mass audience.
  40. konvalval
    konvalval 2 February 2014 22: 51
    Glory to the Heroes of Stalingad. Unfortunately, scumbags are walking quietly around Stalingrad and undermining innocent people. A shame that was not possible under Soviet rule.
  41. Snoop
    Snoop 3 February 2014 06: 48
    All the holiday! fellow Glory to the Red Army!
    6th Army - an army which you can storm the sky! Adolf Gitler
    A little failed)
  42. srub40
    srub40 3 February 2014 09: 47
    The Battle of Stalingrad is the glorious Victory of our People. I would like to note which monster was destroyed in Stalingrad: the Germans, in complete encirclement, in the ruined city, fought for more than 2 months in the harsh winter and surrendered only by order of the command. It is worth respecting the courage of enemy soldiers, 22 generals and field marshals were captured, they did not fly away on the plane sent for them, but remained with their soldiers. I often have a question? What made Germans, Austrians, French (Alsatians and Lorraine), Luxembourgers, Croats fight when everything was clear, endure hunger and deprivation, because they were on the Volga, and not in their fleaterland ??????????? ???
  43. Doznanied
    Doznanied 3 February 2014 10: 49
    Eternal memory to heroes !!!
  44. Koliamba_TV
    Koliamba_TV 3 February 2014 21: 59
    The main thing is that young people know and do not forget the exploits of people who contributed to the common victory. After a few years they will ask who won the war and 90% will be answered by the Americans, not the USSR. I respect Russian history and continue to study it despite all the hardships that were .
  45. Ilja 22
    Ilja 22 5 February 2014 08: 08
    Yeah, there were people in our time, not that the current tribe ..
    And now, pi ... no divorced, they also take part in Eurovision !!
  46. Ilja 22
    Ilja 22 5 February 2014 08: 26
    Eternal memory and glory to the heroes, Veterans, on whose shoulders this torment and suffering fell