Military Review

Ship Renaissance Russia

8
Ship Renaissance Russia

For the first time United Shipbuilding Corporation ended the year with a profit


United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) ended 2013 year with a profit of more than 1,2 billion rubles. And this year, plans to make a profit already around 6 billion rubles.

Positive changes in the shipbuilding industry began last year: the Navy received new nuclear submarines and corvettes, export contracts were successfully fulfilled, construction of new-generation nuclear icebreakers began. Experts attribute this to the fact that the country's top officials paid particular attention to the shipbuilding industry. Suffice to say that the head of state last year held two meetings (in May in Sochi and in August in Vladivostok) on the development of shipbuilding, both military and civilian. Moreover, the president commissioned the supervision of the defense industry complex to the vice-premier of the Russian government, Dmitry Rogozin. Positive changes in the industry are the result of the direct participation of the vice-premier in the process of its restoration.

Under his leadership, it was possible to finally return to the old schedules of the program for the development of the submarine and surface fleets as part of the weapons program. As was noted at the end of last year during one of the government hours in the State Duma, the state cannot yet give up shipbuilding management in manual mode.

“The problem is that a very ambitious military shipbuilding program has been adopted in Russia,” said Dmitry Rogozin. - Today, Sevmash is simply overloaded with work. Not enough production capacity to realize all our plans. Therefore, I cannot say that we can release this situation from the manual mode.

The specialists do not need to explain what the phrase "Sevmash" means is overloaded: the newest nuclear submarines are being produced at this plant. Last year, the Russian Navy received the first production nuclear submarines of the 955 Borey project (Yury Dolgoruky and Alexander Nevsky). In addition, 30 December Sevmash put into trial operation "Severodvinsk" - the head of the eight multi-purpose submarines of the project 885M "Ash".

The Boreas are the first post-Soviet series of underwater missile cruisers to form the backbone of the underwater fleet strategic purpose, replacing the nuclear submarines of the Shark, Squid and Dolphin projects (Typhoon, Delta-3 and Delta-4 according to NATO classification). In total, by 2020 it is planned to build eight Boreevs. The third submarine of this series, Vladimir Monomakh, is preparing for factory acceptance tests.

Multipurpose nuclear submarines of the "Ash" series belong to the fourth generation of nuclear submarines of this type and have the original architecture. This also applies to the outer hull of the ship, and its internal layout. For the first time in the practice of domestic shipbuilding, torpedo tubes are not located in the prow of the ship, but behind the central post section, which made it possible to place the antenna of the new hydroacoustic complex in the nose. Due to the fact that the front part of the ship became “acoustic clean”, the search potential of the sonar complex significantly increased, providing the superiority in a duel situation that is crucial for ships of this class: “Ash” must “hear” the enemy ships before it is detected. According to experts, there are no such boats in the world, they have four types of weapons, they can shoot from any depth. A number of Western media have already dubbed the submarine "a beast from the depths" and have recognized Russia as the world leader in the submarine fleet. In general, only two countries in the world are capable of building nuclear submarine missile carriers with the latest weapons: Russia and the United States.

As part of the rearmament program of the Armed Forces of Russia, calculated up to 2020, surface ships are also being actively built. Last year, the Severnaya Verf transferred the Corvette “Boyky” of the 20380 project to the Navy. And in the Gulf of Finland are already being tested ships of the project "Resistant" in this series. Corvettes of this project are multipurpose combat surface ships for action in the near sea zone of the state. They can fight with surface ships and enemy submarines, support naval landing forces with rocket and artillery fire.

Last year, export contracts were also successfully fulfilled: the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (former aircraft carrier cruiser Admiral Gorshkov, which was modernized at Sevmash) was handed over to the Indian fleet. India also received the last contract ship of the 11356 project: a multi-purpose frigate for the far sea zone. And the Vietnamese Navy adopted the first diesel-electric submarine "Hanoi" of the 06361 "Varshavyanka" project, built on the "Admiralty shipyards". Submarines of this project are considered the quietest of domestic ships. In total, Vietnam should receive six project submarines. In mid-January, the shipbuilding company transferred to Vietnam the second of the ordered submarines, and by the end of this year, it plans to deliver the third.

In the interests of the Russian navy this year a large program is also planned for the construction of surface ships and submarines, both nuclear and diesel.

An important event for 2013 of the year for the United Shipbuilding Corporation was the adoption of its development strategy for the period up to 2030 of the year. Vladimir Shmakov, president of USC, said at a meeting with the head of state in August last year, the strategy sets out the main vectors of the corporation’s development, determines the prospects of both military shipbuilding and civil shipbuilding, the transition to the divisional management structure and engineering development (from the territorial principle of managing to ).

According to experts, many of the problems of the shipbuilding industry are related to the fact that after the collapse of the Soviet Union there was a failure: the state did not allocate money for shipbuilding for more than 20 years. Only 2-3 a year ago began serious funding for the industry, money is allocated for the construction and repair of ships. However, many of the accumulated problems cannot be solved overnight. By and large, work on the revival of the industry is just beginning.

“Now the corporation is summing up the financial and corporate audit of the holding’s activities,” said Vladimir Shmakov at a meeting with the President. “Based on the preliminary results of this work, the key directions of the strategy were formulated. They take into account the new challenges facing our ships. This is a sharp increase in the volume of state defense order, the rapid growth of the pace of development of the oil and gas sector in connection with the beginning of the practical development of offshore areas and increased shipping across the North to the sea route. " The USC, together with the Ministry of Defense, audited all contracts signed by shipbuilders with the military department under the previous leadership (many miscalculations were made at that time). According to the leaders of the corporation, the work on the audit of all contracts will require a few more months, but the main thing is that the shipbuilders managed to find a common language with the current leadership of the military department. Now there is a search for the price range that will suit all parties.

According to USC, now the corporation, together with the Ministry of Defense, is working on pilot projects on a single life cycle of ships: shipbuilders will accompany the ship from the moment of design to its disposal. Indeed, according to experts, the cost of operating the ship during the life cycle may be twice the cost of construction, and this does not go away. Every 10 years it is necessary to carry out a complete modernization of the ship, it costs about 60 percent of the cost of the ship. Plus even scheduled repairs. And they need a modern infrastructure that needs to be created almost anew.

Improving the system of organizing and conducting a planned repair system for warships and submarines is one of the main areas of work. Currently, together with the Ministry of Defense, work is underway to re-create this system.

But most importantly, according to USC, Russian shipbuilders have not lost their competence over the difficult years for the industry. That is why now everything is not as bad as some skeptics sometimes try to present. And even have something to be proud of. For example, frigates ordered by India have an operating voltage ratio of 280 days. Where else can you see ships that go so long? According to experts, it was possible to preserve the potential of the design offices - and this is extremely important. By the way, the salary in them is higher than even in commercial organizations - this is an achievement. For example, in St. Petersburg, young engineers literally stand in a queue to get settled in the Rubin Central Design Bureau, where specialists receive more than the average in the city.

What can threaten the loss of competence, can be seen on the example of other countries. In France, for some time suspended the design of aircraft carriers, and then after a long break, they set about building the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle. The first tests revealed a lot of defects. As a result, the construction duration was 11 years, and the cost increased by 20 percent. When the aircraft carrier attempted to go to the first long-distance voyage, the end of the left-wing propeller blade broke off from a strong vibration, and the ship had to return to the port of registry. In England, also after a long break, they began building three aircraft carriers. Experts are already predicting a lot of problems due to the loss of competencies. In our case, the experience of modernizing Vikramaditya shows that Russia is capable of such tasks.

We pay a lot of attention to the construction of civilian ships. For example, in August last year, a government decree was signed on the construction of two nuclear icebreakers of a new generation, LC-60YA, to ensure the ship’s route along the Northern Sea Route. The lead icebreaker of the series was laid at the Baltic Shipyard in November last year.

“It is necessary now to deploy new civilian shipbuilding potential,” says Dmitry Rogozin, “to create new platforms, ships, marine equipment for the Arctic shelf and other large projects that our largest and private companies are interested in, and with state participation oil and gas companies. All this should be connected with the optimization of the deployment of production potential, so that after 2020, we would not be in a situation where we built a huge number of shipyards, and there is nothing to do with them.

The Deputy Prime Minister noted that civil shipbuilding is extremely important for balancing the distribution of the load on the production potential of USC, so as not to depend entirely on defense orders.

In general, the Russian shipbuilding industry faces a large-scale task: to become one of the leading countries in the construction of civilian vessels. Based on this, the USC strategy identifies the following as the most important tasks: ensuring the world level of quality and the timeframe for the creation of marine and river equipment; achievement of production volumes at the level of the top twenty of the largest shipbuilding companies; consolidation of the united shipbuilding corporation in the world market of high-tech marine equipment.

The USC leadership realizes that achieving such ambitious goals is impossible without optimizing the corporate management structure, strengthening vertical and horizontal cooperation ties, introducing modern and highly efficient forms of management, optimizing the production structure and getting rid of non-core assets, and pursuing a consistent personnel policy.

At the 21 meeting in Sochi on May 2013, USC President Vladimir Shmakov said: "All the tasks facing the United Construction Corporation are realistic and realizable. I am confident that the experience and developed competence of the team will help achieve the goals of the United Shipbuilding Corporation."
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  1. Archikah
    Archikah 29 January 2014 11: 47
    +2
    This is a repost from the site made by us.
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 29 January 2014 11: 55
      0
      So they want to know the opinion of the people about the Renaissance - how they come from the exchangers so immediately and express.
      In ships, too, there is both profit and loss. What is the balance?
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 29 January 2014 12: 02
        +4
        A profit of $ 35 million is certainly better than nothing, but with such an export volume is not enough. It’s too early to draw conclusions. We’ll see how things go further.
        1. Gluxar_
          Gluxar_ 29 January 2014 15: 00
          +5
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          A profit of $ 35 million is certainly better than nothing, but with such an export volume is not enough. It’s too early to draw conclusions. We’ll see how things go further.

          The profit of such production shows the workload of the plant with orders and the growth of labor productivity. In other words, usually at "state-owned enterprises of heavy engineering" losses arose due to the fact that the plant was idle, and the administration did not fire people to "preserve potential" and to maintain "social stability", that is, to reduce unemployment. Since all this is a prerequisite and responsibility of the state. Hence the losses of factories "not producing anything", but which cannot be bankrupted. Hence the myth about the ineffectiveness of state management of the economy, in fact, the unprofitableness of state-owned companies is caused not by corruption, but by social obligations to employees ... hence the "inefficiency".

          The fact that zaody go into the plus shows that every employee begins to make a profit, that is, works and produces more than he is paid ... This is the starting point for the growth of the entire industry. So the news is definitely positive.
    2. kris
      kris 29 January 2014 12: 16
      +1
      Reading this article, at first it seems that everything is like in a fairy tale, but then you open an article about the Chinese and they begin to torment doubts.
      Quote:
      In total, from February to October 2013, eight Project 056 corvettes were entered into the Chinese fleet, and two more - in January 2014 (Jieyang and Ji'an, built by Hudong Shipyard, transferred to the fleet on January 8). At least ten more corvettes of this type are now in the PRC in various stages of construction (including eight - in completion afloat or under sea trials).
      http://topwar.ru/39048-kitayskiy-flot-poluchil-desyatyy-korvet-proekta-056.html
      1. bif
        bif 29 January 2014 12: 36
        +1
        In total, from February to October 2013, eight Project 056 corvettes were entered into the Chinese fleet, and two more - in January 2014 (Jieyang and Ji'an, built by Hudong Shipyard, transferred to the fleet on January 8). At least ten more corvettes of this type are now in the PRC in various stages of construction (including eight - in completion afloat or under sea trials).
        The capabilities of the Chinese "copier" allow you to do this, it remains to be glad for them. So, for now, we will be content with little and take not quantity, but quality, that is, efficiency and fighting qualities.
  2. Alexey M
    Alexey M 29 January 2014 11: 54
    +6
    For the first time United Shipbuilding Corporation ended the year with a profit.
    All further you can not read so as not to cry.
  3. 10kAzAk01
    10kAzAk01 29 January 2014 11: 55
    0
    project 06361 "Varshavyanka", built at the "Admiralty shipyards". Submarines of this project are considered the quietest of domestic ships

    I don’t know what about the domestic ones, but in the world they are considered the MOST low-noise ....
    1. patsantre
      patsantre 29 January 2014 13: 47
      0
      Are considered by whom?
  4. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 29 January 2014 12: 01
    +1
    Well, not bad: one SSBN (for the Pacific Fleet), one Project 885 MPLATRK (for the Northern Fleet), 1 corvette of Project 20380 (for the Baltic Fleet), 3 Project 21980 Grachonok (for the Black Sea Fleet, Pacific Fleet, KFL), 1 DKA project 11770 "Serna"; repaired 1 diesel-electric submarine of project 877 "Kaluga", 1 SSGN of project 949A "Smolensk (all for the Northern Fleet). Expected at the beginning of 2014: 2 MRKs of project 21631, 2 submarines of project 11770" Serna "(all for KFL), 1 corvette of project 20380 for BF ("Stoic" completed the first stage of sea trials), 1 submarine "Denis Davydov" of project 21820 "Dugong" (on trial).
    The following are still expected:
    1 SSBN project 955 "Borey" - "Vladimir Monomakh" for the Pacific Fleet;
    1 UDC "Mistral" - "Vladivostok" for the Pacific Fleet (possibly, but most likely in 2015);
    3 diesel-electric submarines of project 636.3 for the Black Sea Fleet (the first of them "Novorossiysk" has already been launched);
    1 frigate of project 22350-long-suffering "Gorshkov" for the Northern Fleet, it is planned to bring to sea trials in January 2014:
    24 December 2013 Years, Tuesday
    The frigate Admiral Gorshkov will go to factory sea trials immediately after the installation of the A-192 gun mount
    TSAMTO, 24 December. The frigate of the 22350 project “Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov”, being built at the Severnaya Verf, will go to factory sea trials in the Baltic Sea at the beginning of the 2014 year, immediately after the installation of the A-192 gun mount, RIA Novosti reports citing a source at the enterprise ...
    A representative of the St. Petersburg Arsenal Design Bureau told RIA Novosti that the A-192 gun mount for the frigate would be delivered to Severnaya Verf in the first days of the new year.

    http://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2013/1224/133021912/detail.shtml


    But so far the gun mount has not been installed unfortunately. The last photo of "Admiral Gorshkov"
    1 more frigate of project 22350 "Admiral Kasatonov", for the Black Sea Fleet (possibly);
    3 frigates of project 11356 for the Black Sea Fleet (possibly), the first "Admiral Grigorovich" is planned for delivery in July 2014;
    1 corvette of project 20380 "Perfect" for the Pacific Fleet (possibly);
    1 BDK project 11711, another "sufferer" "Ivan Gren" (possibly, but according to the latest information, will be handed over to the fleet in 2015);
    The transfer of the large landing ship Ivan Gren to the Russian Navy is shifted to 2015 ... "Mooring tests are expected to begin in August - September 2014. And the transfer of the ship to the Navy is scheduled for 2015," he said Sergei Mikhailov, press secretary of the Baltic Shipyard Yantar, did not specify the reasons for the postponement. He noted that the large landing ship Ivan Gren is being completed on the water, at the quay wall of the Yantar shipyard.

    http://www.i-mash.ru/news/nov_otrasl/45839-flotu-pridetsja-podozhdat-bdk-ivan-gr
    en-eshhe-dva.html

    3 RTOs of project 21631 for KFl: 2 Grad Sviyazhsk and Uglich on trials;
    2 Project 21980 Grachonok project: 1-for Pacific Fleet, 1-for KFl;
    3 PCs (2 projects 12150A "Mongoose" and 1 project 03160 "Raptor" are being tested).
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Roman 1977
      Roman 1977 29 January 2014 12: 32
      +1
      For the auxiliary fleet, plans for next year:
      BRZK project 18280 "Yuri Ivanov" (for the Northern Fleet), launched on September 30.09.2013, XNUMX, being completed afloat;

      launching of the BRZK project 18280 "Yuri Ivanov"
      CASW of the 1388NZ project, launched on 20.06.2013 of the year, is being tested in Novorossiysk (possibly for the Black Sea Fleet);

      communication boat of the 1388NZ project at tests in Novorossiysk
      MTV (sea transport of weapons) project 20180TV "Akademik Kovalev";
      MTV project 20183TV "Akademik Aleksandrov";
      MT (marine tanker) of the 23130 project (for the Northern Fleet)

      The R / V project 22010 "Yantar" (for the Baltic Fleet) was supposed to be delivered last year, but there is no data on the transfer to the fleet.
      Project 21300 rescue vessel "Yuri Belousov", launched on October 30.10.2012, XNUMX, for the Northern Fleet;

      SS "Yuri Ivanov" project 21300 at the wall of the "Admiralty shipyards"
      5 of diving boats of the 14157 project (1 for Pacific Fleet should have been delivered last year, there is no data on delivery);
      4 emergency rescue boats of the 23040 project (for the Black Sea Fleet) - launched;
      1 multifunctional rescue boat of the 23370 project (for BF), launched on 28.09.2013 of the year;
      4 MSNB project 03180 "Umba" "Pecha" - launched;
      3 work and crew boats of project 21770 "Katran" (for the Northern Fleet), 1-carrier SS "Igor Belousov", launched;
      1 logistic support vessel of project 23120 "Elbrus" (for Northern Fleet).
  5. Jarik56
    Jarik56 29 January 2014 12: 05
    +1
    "Russia has two allies - the army and the navy." Everything that is done in the area of ​​strengthening them (especially the fleet) is a necessity. Those rulers who understood this (Peter the First, Catherine the Great, Alexander the Third (whom I actually quoted, I.V. Stalin) understood this. And they won! Who did not understand - Nikolai II, Khrushchev, Gorbachev - nothing (very softly speaking) did not reach.
  6. Dangerous
    Dangerous 29 January 2014 12: 05
    -1
    For the full effect, when reading this article, you must include some march from the victory parade
  7. mountain
    mountain 29 January 2014 12: 22
    0
    This pessimism and criticism, there would be factories, you look and would be useful. And so small ripples in a glass.
  8. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 29 January 2014 12: 52
    0
    Of course, I understand that everyone would like more (and me too). But shipbuilding is a rather inert industry, and you cannot disperse it in three four years. Especially when the economy is not mobilization. And most importantly, we do not need to compare us and China at the moment. It's just that we are now in different weight categories. And they began to disperse their shipbuilding ten years earlier than us. One comrade wrote here, saying that why spend 50 billion to repair Nakhimov, it’s better to build new ships. He just didn’t take into account that even the corvette 20385 costs 18 billion and he is a ship of the near zone. That is, the construction of the destroyer will cost 50-70 lard. Therefore, they are doing the right thing that they are going to modernize the BOD. That's just the repair time needed to be reduced. And yet to redeem the unfortunate Ukraine.
  9. patsantre
    patsantre 29 January 2014 13: 50
    0
    "For example, frigates ordered by India have an operational stress factor of 280 days. Where else can you find ships that have been sailing for so long?"
    What, WHAT I READ NOW ??? HOW CAN I FREEZ SUCH Nonsense? I won’t be surprised if this nonsense was told by Rogozin. In his style. I don’t understand what merit of this mediocrity they took to his post.
  10. kelevra
    kelevra 29 January 2014 13: 51
    -1
    Get hit by the alarmists and liberals who claim that the Russian Navy is falling apart! On such a scale as our country, you cannot immediately update all aircraft, this is even a fool! But, in the general trend, we are going up and gaining strength! Glory to Russia! !!!!!!!
  11. slavik_gross
    slavik_gross 29 January 2014 16: 48
    0
    Some write that "the boss is all gone", others that it seems that everything is not bad, we are slowly raising shipbuilding ... Who should we believe !?
    1. coserg 2012
      coserg 2012 29 January 2014 17: 05
      +2
      Do not believe anyone, live your mind, something like that.
  12. Leshka
    Leshka 29 January 2014 19: 06
    0
    all the same, aircraft carriers will build
  13. voliador
    voliador 29 January 2014 20: 35
    +4
    Our experience of modernizing Vikramaditya shows that Russia is capable of such tasks.

    What, in a bath, experience ?! The almost finished ship could hardly be brought to mind. With endless delays and higher prices! Fucked up in front of the Indians in full! The entire industry "Effective" managers are auctioned off. We build watchdogs in time like aircraft carriers, and you read this little article - just like in the song - "everything is fine, beautiful marquise." An article - "rose-colored glasses" for hurray-patriots. Therefore - a big and fat minus.
  14. AVV
    AVV 29 January 2014 23: 30
    0
    Military or civilian ships will always be needed by the state !!! And now with the project for the development of the Arctic shelf, especially !!!