Military Review

Soviet fighter-bombers in battle. Part 2

13



In the 1982 year, at the time of the outbreak of hostilities in Lebanon, the Syrian air force had Su-20 fighter-bombers, as well as one squadron of the newest Su-22M. From the first days of the war, these planes were actively used for bombing the positions of the Israeli forces. On June 10, eight Su-22Ms, each armed with eight FAB-500 bombs, struck the headquarters of Israeli forces in southern Lebanon. The target was destroyed (with heavy losses for Israelis) at the cost of killing seven planes shot down by the Israeli Air Force F-16A fighters (instead of delivering a massive strike, the Syrians carried out a series of successive raids, which allowed the Israeli defense to organize effective counteraction). Aerial reconnaissance was another area of ​​use for Su-22M in Lebanon (the aircraft were completed with KKR-1 containers).

In total, during the hostilities in Lebanon, Su-22M fighter-bombers, together with the MiG-23BN, made 42 sorties, destroying 80 tanks and two battalions of Israeli motorized infantry (with the loss amounted to seven Su-22M and 14 MiG-23BN). During the battles, the more advanced Su-22Ms performed better than the MiG-23BN.


Israeli tanks destroyed by airstrike


At the cost of heavy losses, the Syrians managed to stop the advance of the enemy along the highway to Damascus. Syrian losses aviation could be much smaller, use more reasonable tactics.



Syrian Su-22M continue to fight today, striking at positions supported by western rebels.

Unlike most Arab countries, Iraq could pay for the supply of arms with “live” money, which, together with its intransigent stance towards Israel and the United States, made Iraq an important ally of the USSR. In addition, the country was a counterweight to Iran during the years of the Shah’s rule, and after Ayatollah Khomeini’s arrival, with his extremely hostile policies not only towards the United States, but also towards the Soviet Union.

The first MiG-23BN fighter-bombers began to enter service with the Iraqi Air Force in the 1974 year, a total of about 80 aircraft were delivered. These aircraft received baptism of fire during the seven-year Iran-Iraq war - one of the bloodiest conflicts of the end of the 20th century, mixed with ethnic and religious disagreements and sharing disputed border areas rich in oil.
The Iraqi MiGs stormed the enemy tank columns, participated in the “tanker war” and bombed the Iranian cities.

As in other Arab countries, Su-20 and Su-22 were ordered in parallel. Iraq successfully applied them in combat operations against Iran.

Soviet fighter-bombers in battle. Part 2

Su-22M Iraqi Air Force


During the operation "Desert Storm" Su-20 and Su-22M did not participate in the battles. In the future, some of the aircraft of this type flew to Iran, where it is still used.

In January-February 1995, the Su-22 air force of Peru was involved in hostilities with Ecuador during the next border conflict.


Su-22 Air Force Peru


Ecuadorian infantry, armed with Russian Igla, 10 February, shot down one Su-22. However, according to Western observers, the superiority of the Peruvian air force and the effective actions of strike aircraft predetermined Peru’s victory in this war.

In the armed conflict in Angola, a significant role was played by the MiG-23BN, which were piloted by Cubans. MiGs provided direct aviation support and struck blows at enemy strongholds. Their role in the battle of Kuito-Kuanavale, sometimes called "Angolan Stalingrad" is very large. In 1987-1988, the neighborhood of Kuito-Kuanavale turned into a fierce battle field between Angola-Cuban and South African troops using hundreds of tanks and armored personnel carriers, dozens of combat aircraft and helicopters. In August, the 1988 of the year, the troops from Yuaru left Angola, and the Cuban MiG-23 returned to combat duty and support counterguerrilla operations. During the withdrawal of the Cuban contingent in 1989, all Mig-23BN returned to Cuba. The Cuban command did not report any losses.


Cuban MiG-23BN


Prior to that, Cubans fought on their shock MiGs in Ethiopia in 1977 — 1978, in the Ethiopian-Somali war. Thanks to the help of the USSR and the participation of Cubans on the side of Ethiopia, this conflict ended with a crushing defeat of Somalia, after which this state practically ceased to exist.

At the beginning of the 90-s in service, Ethiopia was still around 36 MiG-23BN. These aircraft participated in the war with Eritrea at the end of the 90 and the beginning of the 2000.


MiG-23BN Air Force Ethiopia


Angolan air forces used Su-22M against UNITA partisans during the civil war in the country. At the final stage of the conflict, the Angolan Air Force, with the help of South African mercenary pilots, succeeded in crushing the base camps of this group, which led to the conclusion of a peace agreement and the end of the civil war.

Su-17М4 was actively used by the Russian Air Force during the First Chechen. They were involved in attacking the airfield in Grozny, as well as during the battles for the city itself. It was noted the effective use of precision-guided munitions to defeat detached fortified buildings.

According to Air International magazine, at the time of the collapse of the USSR, the Su-17 of all modifications was equipped with 32 shock regiments, 12 reconnaissance regiments, one separate reconnaissance squadron, and four training regiments.
Of course, if this aircraft was not necessary and not effective, it was not produced for a long time, in such quantities and would not be in demand abroad. The export price of these aircraft, according to the magazine, ranged from $ 2 million for Su-20 (for Egypt and Syria) to $ 6-7 million for Su-22М4 of the latest modifications acquired by the three Warsaw Pact countries at the end of 1980-s. For comparison, the closest western equivalent of the SEPECAT Jaguar was offered for $ 8 million in the 1978 year.

Su-17 embodies the optimal combination by the criterion of price-efficiency, which was the reason for its wide distribution and long-term operation. Soviet fighters, bombers, in terms of their shock capabilities, were not inferior to similar Western machines, often surpassing them in flight data.



The MiG-27 fighter-bombers, which are a further development option for the MiG-23B, were among the most massive and sophisticated aircraft of the Soviet Air Force adapted for the European theater of operations. However, for almost fifteen years of service, none of them had a chance to take part in real combat operations. Until the very last months, even during the years of the Afghan war, the question of sending them to the Air Force of the 40 Army did not arise, and therefore the combat examination became all the more unexpected for them.

There were reasons for this. The tasks of IBA in the air forces of the 40-th army were properly carried out by Su-17 of various modifications. Machines, called "swifts", enjoyed the fame of reliable and unpretentious aircraft, which were, as they say, in its place. In addition, the basing of aircraft of the same type from year to year simplified the maintenance, supply and planning of combat missions, so objectively the question of switching to another type of fighter-bomber did not arise.

By the fall of 1988, the next replacement period arrived (according to the established practice, the IBA regiments replaced each other after a year of work in October-November). But the "henchmen" shelves from SAWO without that, barely returning from Afghanistan, continually broke from their bases, continuing combat work "behind the river" from border airfields. There were not so many other regiments who had mastered combat use in the conditions of mountain-desert terrain. At the same time, IBA had another type of fighter-bomber - the MiG-27, which by the end of the 80-s had more than two dozen air regiments.

A natural proposal arose - to send to replace the MiG-27, in favor of which there were several arguments, the main of which was the possibility in the remaining months of the war to test the aircraft in real combat conditions. At the same time, the easiest and most reliable way was to resolve a question to which more than one military research study was devoted - which of the two machines created according to the same requirements with comparable characteristics, armament and avionics is more efficient.

Despite the presence of the MiG-27K, which had the greatest capabilities and the most respected pilots, the command decided not to include them in the group. The Afghan experience has unequivocally shown that in difficult mountain conditions, far from the calculated "barely intersected" terrain, it is not possible to use the full potential of the onboard equipment on a high-speed vehicle. Electronics and sighting systems were useless when searching for targets in the chaos of rocks, stones and greens. Quite often, it was impossible to single out the target from a height without prompting a ground or helicopter gunner. And even Kayre, the most advanced system then used in front-line aviation, was unable to take a small-sized object of impact on auto-tracking and target designation with short-term contact and maneuver. The reason was the lower border raised to 5000 and safe from the Stingers, which imposed serious restrictions on the use of the on-board aiming laser-television complex. As a result, small targets on the ground turned out to be beyond the detection range of the guidance equipment installed on the aircraft, since the optimum range of application heights for the KAB-500, UR X-25 and X-29 lay within 500-4000. Moreover, it was recommended to launch missiles at speeds of 800-1000 km / h from a flat dive, when it was almost impossible to see the object of impact and to guide because of the transience of convergence on one’s own. Costly guided munitions remained under these conditions. weapons attack aircraft, operating in close contact with aircraft gunners.

Another reason was that the MiG-27K, which carried the massive Kairu, had no armored cabins, which were by no means in a combat situation. By the time they were sent to the war, the MiG-27D and M had passed a special “Afghan” set of improvements.



The usual version of the equipment MiG-27 consisted of two "five hundred" or four bombs weighing 250 or 100 kg, placed on the front ventral and underwing nodes. The most commonly used FAB-250 and FAB-500 of different types and models, OFAB-250-270. The use of large-caliber and demanding nature of the targets, mostly protected and difficult to vulnerable - to destroy the adobe duval or the thick adobe wall of the "weave" could not always. Even in the open, their striking effect (fragments and high-explosive effect) in manpower 1,7-2 times (depending on different conditions) was inferior to FAB-250, not to mention powerful “halftones”. When striking light structures, the latter generally had a higher efficiency in 2,5-3. Incendiary bombs ZAB-100-175 with thermite cartridges and ZAB-250-200 filled with sticky sticky mixture were also used. Although there was nothing much to burn in the mountains and villages, and the winter that started made ZAB even less effective, fire strikes gave a great psychological effect As a rule, such "gifts" could cover a fairly large area, and even small burning drops scattered around with a wide fan caused severe burns. RBC-250 and RBC-500 were used to defeat manpower, sweeping away all the life in a barrage of gaps within a radius of hundreds of meters.


Suspension of ODAB-500 on MiG-27


The use of powerful NAR C-24 nicknamed "nails" in Afghanistan, in some cases was hampered by the restriction on flight altitude, launching 5000 meters could not be targeted, their maximum effective firing range was 4000 meters, C-5 and C-8 pencils , and there was no need to say - their sighting range was only 1800-2000 m. For the same reason, the “ballast” remained a powerful 30-mm six-barreled gun GSH-6-30, which had a speed of 5000 v / min and a powerful 390-gram projectile . Nevertheless, full ammunition for it (260 ammunition) was always on board.

In addition to the planned strikes, the MiG-27 were involved in conducting reconnaissance and percussion operations (RUD) —independent search and destruction, more commonly known as “free hunting.” Mostly they were carried out to search for caravans and individual cars, along paths and roads, which is why the throttle system sometimes deciphered as "reconnaissance of the road". The movement of dushmansky transport at night, when under the cover of darkness, caravan operators felt more confident, was especially enlivened. do not leave the garrisons and outposts. For 95 days of business trips, pilots of the 134-th APIB carried out, on average, 70-80 sorties, with 60-70 flying hours.

According to the results of the Afghan exam, the MiG-27 proved to be a reliable and durable machine. At the same time, the capabilities of the aircraft and its armament complex were far from being fully utilized, primarily because of the peculiarity of the theater of operations and the nature of the hostilities, accompanied by a multitude of restrictions.

The fighter-bomber, which was created to defeat small-sized mobile and stationary targets using a wide range of ammunition, was used exclusively for bombardment from high altitudes, due to which most of its aiming equipment and weapons could not be used.

A short-term use in Afghanistan did not allow an adequate assessment of the combat effectiveness of the MiG-27. Nevertheless, it was possible to evaluate some of its advantages: the MiG-27 favorably differed from the Su-17MZ and M4 fuel reserves in the internal tanks (4560 kg versus 3630 kg) and, accordingly, had a slightly longer range and duration of flight with equal loading. A more advantageous arrangement of the equipment compared to the “drying” allowed, if necessary, to expand the range, costing only one ventral PTB-800, while Su-17 had to carry two tanks of the same capacity at once, which increased take-off weight, degraded flight performance and reduced the number of suspension points of weapons. Downloading the MiG-27 for the Afghan environment has proven to be more convenient.

However, the MiG-27 was heavier - even with an equal fuel level and combat load with the Su-17, the “extra” 1300 kg of the weight of the airframe and equipment made themselves felt, which made the wing load and lower thrust-weight higher on the 10-12% (Excess kilograms required a greater fuel consumption of an already more “voracious” engine than the Su-17). The result was the worst aircraft volatility and take-off characteristics - the MiG-27 ran longer and gained more slowly. It was a bit simpler on landing, the design features of all-wheel consoles, as well as the bearing properties of the fuselage and overruns affected, thanks to which the landing speed of the MiG-27 was 260 km / h versus 285 km / h in Su-17М4, the mileage was slightly shorter .

MiG-27M was the only modification of the family of "twenty-seven", exported. In addition to the domestic Air Force, the recipient of the MiG-27 was India, which has long been one of the main buyers of Soviet weapons. After the delivery of a large batch of MiG-1981BN to 1982-23, the Indians turned their attention to the more advanced MiG-27. As a result, an agreement was signed between Moscow and Delhi, which provided for licensed production of the MiG-27M in India.


MiG-27M Indian Air Force



The Indians appreciated the capabilities of the shock MiGs, and actively used it in hostilities.
The “baptism of fire” MiG-23BN took place in May-July 1999 during the next Indo-Pakistani conflict, this time in Kargil, one of the districts of Jammu and Kashmir. From 26 May to 15 July, these aircraft made 155 30 combat missions% of those performed by all Indian attack aircraft in that war. 57-mm and 80-mm NAR, as well as 500-kg bombs, which were dropped by 130 t - 28% of the entire combat load of the Indian pilots on the enemy, were used to destroy enemy targets.

The Indian Air Force operated the MiG-23BN until 6 in March 2009. By that time, the total flight time of this type of aircraft was 154000 hours, 14 vehicles were lost in accidents and catastrophes.

The MiG-27ML link from 9-th AE also took part in the Kargil war. The first combat mission of “Bahadura” was made on 26 in May in the Batalik sector. Each of the four fighter-bombers carried forty 80-mm NARs. They attacked the mountain positions of the Pakistanis. Then they made a second run, during which they attacked the enemy with 30-mm cannons.



They had to meet fierce fire from the ground. On the second run, the flight-lieutenant K. Nachikete car flashed the engine. The pilot ejected and was captured. Islamabad claimed that the plane hit an anti-aircraft gun, but the Indian side denied this and blamed the loss on engine failure. More in combat missions "Bahadura" did not suffer losses, but during daily operation, in accidents and disasters, the Indian Air Force lost twenty-one MiG-27M.

Much stress on the MiG-27 was used during the civil war in neighboring Sri Lanka, where government troops fought a fierce armed struggle against the separatist organization of the Tigers of Tamil Eelam Liberation Tigers (LTTE). In the summer of 2000, the government acquired a batch of six Ukrainian MiG-27Ms and one “Sparky” MiG-23UB from the Lvov storage base.

At first, the vehicles included 5 AE, where they served along with Chinese F-7, and at the end of 2007 from MiGs they formed a new 12 squadron of which was the Katunayake airfield, located near the capital's airport. The MiGs unexpectedly showed themselves to be extremely efficient aircraft, which quickly forced the Tigers to hide their teeth. Among the most important objects destroyed by them, the destruction of the LTTE telecommunications center in the region of Kilinochchi should be noted. The MiG-27 pilots were very successful against small speedboats. In general, over the 5 months of intense fighting, the MiG-27M dropped more than 700 tons of bombs on various targets, which largely contributed to the victory of the government forces.


Lankan MiG-27M


The mercenaries from South Africa and Europe, some of whom had previously served in the air forces of the NATO countries, flew on the vehicles arriving from Ukraine. According to their reviews, the MiG-27М proved to be an excellent aircraft, in many respects superior to the Western counterparts Jaguar and Tornado. The MiGs fought in the same ranks as their former adversaries — the Israeli Kfirs, S.2 / C.7 (7 of such machines was also acquired by Sri Lanka). Moreover, PrNK-23М turned out to be more perfect in practice than the Israeli IAI / Elbit system, therefore MiG-27М were used as leaders, leading the Kfirov group. In the air, the Sri Lankan air force did not lose a single MiG. However, the Tigers' sabotage group managed 24 on July 2001 to conduct a daring raid on the Katunayake base, where it destroyed two MiG-27М and one MiG-23UB.

The MiG-27 (especially its later modifications) were never attack aircraft in the classic presentation, but were intended mainly for the "remote" defeat of the enemy using
guided weapons. Being much cheaper than the powerful Su-24 front-line bombers, they could inflict quite effective strikes on firing points, armored vehicles and positions of the enemy’s air defense, creating unprotected gaps in their combat formations, and therefore the decision to remove the aircraft of this type from the air force of the Russian Air Force looks like not fully justified.

In conclusion, I want to talk about the episode, which the author happened to be a witness. During the large-scale exercises of the Far Eastern Military District, in the autumn of 1989, several MiG-27 delivered a “conditional strike” on the RFP of the 5 Army (headquarters in Ussuriysk, Primorsky Krai), not far from the village of Kondratenovka.



The attack was made suddenly, at extremely low altitude, from different sides. The rapid flight of these dark green, carnivorous machines along the glens of the hills overgrown with fir trees and cedar trees, crashed into the memory forever. MiGs were able to pass through the terrain, remaining invisible to ground radar operators. The exit from the attack was just as swift. If this were a real blow, without a doubt, a significant part of radio stations and command and staff vehicles would have been destroyed and damaged, there would have been significant losses in command personnel. As a result, the control of units of the 5 Army would be disrupted. Shilki, who covered the area, could briefly “conditionally fire” MiGs only after they left the attack.

Based on:
http://vadimvswar.narod.ru/ALL_OUT/AiKOut02/MiG27/MiG27132.htm
http://vadimvswar.narod.ru/ALL_OUT/AiKOut02/MiG27/MiG27142.htm
http://aviapanorama.su/2003/02/istrebitel-bombardirovshhik-su-7b/
http://vadimvswar.narod.ru/ALL_OUT/AiKOut06/Su-7B/Su-7B080.htm
http://voenhronika.ru/
Author:
Articles from this series:
Soviet fighter-bombers in battle. Part 1
Soviet fighter-bombers in battle. Part 2
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  1. Gamdlislyam
    Gamdlislyam 28 January 2014 09: 37
    +15
    In 1982, at the time of the outbreak of hostilities in Lebanon, the Syrian Air Force was equipped with Su-20 fighter-bombers, as well as one squadron of the then-modern Su-22M. On June 10, eight Su-22Ms, each of which was armed with eight FAB-500 bombs, attacked the headquarters of Israeli forces in southern Lebanon. The target was destroyed (with heavy losses for the Israelis) at the cost of the death of seven aircraft shot down by the Israeli Air Force F-16A fighters (instead of delivering a massive strike, the Syrians carried out a series of consecutive raids, while reaching dangerously high altitudes, which allowed the Israeli air defense to organize effective resistance).

    That's right, but it was this blow to the headquarters, or rather its destruction, that led to the cessation of hostilities and the conclusion of a ceasefire. And the planes were shot down already after being struck by Israeli fighter jets induced by AWACS.
    The article is good, but the feeling remains that there should be a continuation.
    1. Bongo
      28 January 2014 10: 58
      +9
      Quote: Gamdlislyam
      but it was precisely this blow to the headquarters, or rather its destruction, that led to the cessation of hostilities and the conclusion of a ceasefire.

      Losses in the command staff of the leading operation and losses in armored vehicles and manpower affected the Israelis soberly.
      Quote: Gamdlislyam
      The article is good, but the feeling remains that there should be a continuation.

      Thanks for the kind words! The topic is extensive and interesting, but unfortunately, it is not realistic to fully cover it in this format on Voennoye Obozreniye.
      1. 0255
        0255 28 January 2014 17: 59
        +1
        The topic is extensive and interesting, but unfortunately, it is not realistic to fully cover it in this format on Voennoye Obozreniye.

        So you write a book about Soviet fighter-bombers fellow
        1. Bongo
          29 January 2014 08: 39
          +7
          I do not mind, unless of course you pay the circulation smile
        2. chetbor
          chetbor 22 November 2015 19: 24
          +3
          Such books can be bought for a long time
          1. The first supersonic fighter-bomber Su-7B. “Get Out of the Shadow!”
          2. Fighter-bomber Su-17. Spirit killer
          3. MiG-27 - "scourge of heaven". Fighter-bombers in action
  2. avia12005
    avia12005 28 January 2014 11: 57
    +13
    in 1985, the Mig-27 link flew up in Chindante, Borzya, passed at extremely low altitudes to Chita, and the village in Domna. Air defense was in full ... miss, they were only seen on the Domna circle hi
    1. Argon
      Argon 28 January 2014 14: 14
      -1
      Well, in this case, everything that happens fits into the framework of an anecdote - "Here he is our UNCATCHABLE JOE, and well, no one can catch him? Who cares about him." - But seriously, by the mid-80s, the IBA had ceased to cope with the bulk the task in front of it, or rather with the search, recognition and destruction of targets in the tactical zone of enemy defense, in the conditions of the organized air defense of the area. And the reasons for this were not so much in the rapid development of electronics (in the world as a whole) and our obvious lag in this process (our analogue of the F-105 reconnaissance and strike complex fit only into a larger-class vehicle - I mean the Puma PRNK on the Su-24), as in the originally taken course for the cheapness and mass character of a separate aircraft. For the sake of truth, it should be admitted that this the approach was fully justified until the late 70s.
  3. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 28 January 2014 14: 08
    +5
    BEAUTIFUL ARTICLE - THANKS TO THE AUTHOR! soldier
  4. badger1974
    badger1974 28 January 2014 14: 22
    +8
    as always a great article. but just a few questions haunt me, if everything was clear with Su, it is not clear why MiG designers using basis 23 for sharpening under information security did not use the MiG-23 UB twin concept, I think the second crew member would only double the effectiveness of the MiG-27, everyone would do his own thing, and the effective altitude levels would be like that of the Su-24, because most of the misses were just due to overloading the pilot’s information, maybe the MiG-27 spark and would still be relevant in the absence of the latest IS, temporarily, a speed range very huge compared to Rook - which in general fulfills the same functions with the same ammunition
    1. Alexander D.
      Alexander D. 28 January 2014 21: 43
      +3
      With current technology, it would be possible to achieve such a level of automation that one pilot would be enough. Another thing is that the MiG-27 would still be relevant today with a well-thought-out modernization. The US is modernizing its planes in the 70-80s and does not complain that they are of the previous generation.
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 31 January 2014 09: 37
        0
        this is exactly what I had in mind, at least from Phantom of the second member, no one was going to clean up under no circumstances, but he thought of it as a fighter, and now he is a generalist, and how he lives !!!
      2. Deonisiy
        Deonisiy 28 February 2014 20: 37
        0
        I completely agree with Alexander D. to modernize these aircraft; the result can be excellent
    2. Bongo
      29 January 2014 14: 18
      +4
      Volodya, the presence of a second crew member would make the car heavier and reduce flight data. This went only on the heavy Su-24, there are more places and a navigator more needed.
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 29 January 2014 16: 16
        -4
        Well, duck in the 24th, except for the "guillemot" and the "Orion" radar one and a half meter, they squeezed in, and other stuff is heavy, they would "drain" 150 liters of cinder, and that's all, that's all the weight for the navigator is 27
        1. Bongo
          30 January 2014 14: 05
          +4
          I don’t see the point, and 150 would not have been enough in liters. Not to mention the fact that the reduction in fuel volume for a strike aircraft is critical.
          1. badger1974
            badger1974 31 January 2014 09: 44
            +2
            of course, because the "strong" is not enough, but it was me looking at the Phantom chirkanul, because Phantom no one took the second crew member, still "draws" the sky with a versatile person, the 27th could just as well
            1. Bongo
              31 January 2014 12: 54
              +3
              The Phantom has two engines and it is heavier itself, these are cars of different classes.
              1. badger1974
                badger1974 31 January 2014 13: 11
                0
                initially the 23rd and f-4 are opponents in the air, and there’s no difference — that one taught the second to work on the ground, in a two-crew phantom it’s easier, but in the 23rd they refused in vain
                1. Bongo
                  31 January 2014 13: 30
                  +4
                  The fact that they are opponents does not mean anything, by the way, the main opponent of the "Phantom" was the light 21st. The F-4 initially has significantly larger internal volumes and fuel reserves. In addition, the "Kaira", which in many respects has no analogues, has so far produced the MiG-27K with a "dry" weight: 11 kg, the capabilities of which the two-seater Phantom F-908E with a dry weight of 4 kg did not have.
                  1. badger1974
                    badger1974 31 January 2014 19: 44
                    0
                    But what about the wizard visl based on the phantom? small series, but for what
                    1. Bongo
                      1 February 2014 03: 05
                      +5
                      This is a big plus for the Americans, unfortunately we have not created such a car. Although, on the other hand, our air defense was always stronger, so we had to create a specialized Ermine.
  5. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 28 January 2014 14: 31
    -5
    In January-February 1995, the Su-22 air force of Peru was involved in hostilities with Ecuador during the next border conflict.
    Ecuadorian infantry, armed with Russian Igla, 10 February, shot down one Su-22. However, according to Western observers, the superiority of the Peruvian air force and the effective actions of strike aircraft predetermined Peru’s victory in this war.

    Ecuadorians don't think so ... On February 10, two Ecuadorian Mirage F.1s from the 2112 squadron intercepted 2 Peruvian Su-22s. The Peruvians tried to implement the "live bait hunting" option. In the role of the latter, the leading Su-22, in the tail of which the Ecuadorian Mirage, began to enter. After completing the classic "snake", the pilot of the slave Su-22 found himself on the tail of the Mirage, but he was late: the Ecuadorian leader launched one Matra R.550 missile launcher on a "drying" located at a distance of 2,4 km, and then same, warned wingman about the danger, performed a coup with a loss of height, disrupting the capture of the pilot of the Peruvian fighter-bomber and at the same time giving the wingman the opportunity to strike at the enemy, which he did not fail to use. “We watched, two hits in the form of white clouds. Tails of thick black smoke began to emerge from both planes, and they could hardly continue their flight. I turned to the right and fired a second missile, the impact of which turned the“ dry ”into a huge fireball. The pilot ejected. and hung in the sky over Senepa under the canopy of a parachute. Another Su-22 also received another missile. It continued to fly with difficulty for a few more seconds before his pilot used a parachute. "- recalls the Ecuadorian pilot.
    The date of February 10 was later celebrated as Ecuadorian Air Force Day. As for the Peruvian pilots, they were clearly out of luck. The first of them, shot down by Banderas, Major Enrique Caballero Arrego was wounded, and, having spent eleven days in the desert without food, water or medicine, died without waiting for help. His body was found by local residents and turned over to the Peruvian authorities. The second shot down Peruvian, Colonel Victor Manuel Maldonaldo Begaso, also died: his body was found a month later, hanging on the lines of a parachute caught in a tree. The pilots were buried at home with military honors. Both served in the 111th Fighter and Bomber Squadron of the 11th Air Group of the Peruvian Air Force (Escuadron de Caza-Bombardeo No.lll "Los Tigres", Grupo Aerea No.ll FAP). Known side number of one downed car (014).
    http://www.airwar.ru/history/locwar/lamerica/andy/andy.html


    Mirage F.1JA Ecuadorian Air Force and its "victim":

    Su-22 Air Force Peru
    1. Bongo
      30 January 2014 14: 03
      +3
      Quote: Novel 1977
      Ecuadorians do not think so ...

      Ecuadorians can consider anything, but they lost this war, however, like a number of previous ones. The Ecuadorian Air Force is not in a position to compete with the Peruvian. Mirages and Kfiram compete with the MiG-29 is not realistic. And the number of Peruvian air forces is much larger.
      1. Roman 1977
        Roman 1977 30 January 2014 14: 26
        +2
        Quote: Bongo
        Ecuadorians can consider anything, but they lost this war, however, like a number of previous ones. The Ecuadorian Air Force is not in a position to compete with the Peruvian. Mirages and Kfiram compete with the MiG-29 is not realistic. And the number of Peruvian air forces is much larger.

        This fact is beyond doubt. Peruvians, for example, own the first experience of using airborne assault on the American continent.
        On July 23, 1941, Peru moved LT-38 tanks, purchased in pre-Munich Czechoslovakia, supported by infantry. The blow was delivered in the direction of the village of Puerto Bolivar, blocked from the sea by the ships of the Navy. In full accordance with the "blitzkrieg" concept, the armored fist was supported by Douglas DB-8A-3P dive bombers!


        In addition, on 31 July, the 105 Squadron of the Peruvian military transport aviation, with the support of the 21 Squadron, they landed landing troops in the settlements of Santa Rosa and Machala, and in the evening, paratroopers were thrown from Junkers F-13 transport aircraft to Puerto Bolivar (30 people), where there were significant stocks of weapons and ammunition, which were so lacking at the front. All this went to the Peruvians.

        Peruvian Air Force Ca.135 bomber
        It should be noted that they pioneered the use of parachute assault forces in combat conditions throughout the Western Hemisphere, even ahead of the Americans. At the end of the fighting, the Peruvian president organized celebrations for his paratroopers comparable to those that Hitler arranged for the paratroopers after they captured Crete.
        As a result of the truce between Peru and Ecuador, which was confirmed on January 29 by the protocol of Rio de Janeiro, 278 km² of Ecuadorian territory in the upper reaches of the Amazon passed to Peru.
      2. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 30 January 2014 15: 07
        +8
        A friend was a few years ago on a business trip to Peru, helped to modernize aircraft. According to his stories, Peru is not a very rich country, most of the population lives in poverty. But among the Central American states has one of the most powerful air force.
      3. badger1974
        badger1974 31 January 2014 09: 58
        +3
        Seryoga, the Belarusian MiGs were "stuck" because of the "deterioration of the power plants", because the Belarusian side could not make repairs, let alone replace the engines, Russian specialists took up this, but after the conflict, the 29th were needed as a deterrent -what did not work, the Ecuadorians did not understand the scarecrow
        1. Bongo
          31 January 2014 12: 56
          +4
          All 15 were not working, but this cannot be, besides they still have about 10 the Mirage 2000.
          1. badger1974
            badger1974 31 January 2014 13: 14
            0
            it was mirages that worked, and with 29 miracles started right away, the Belarusian side spread their hands, they say nothing can be done, Russia needs to be addressed, and that’s what they turned after the military conflict, in my opinion even the topic
            1. Bongo
              31 January 2014 13: 38
              +2
              I can not say anything about the participation or non-participation of the MiG-29 in this conflict, I have no information. But all the same, it is somehow somehow doubtful that all 15 machines immediately fail.
              1. Roman 1977
                Roman 1977 31 January 2014 14: 09
                +4
                MiG-29 did not participate in the conflict, because they could not participate. The Alto-Senep war between Peru and Ecuador (January 26 - February 28 1995 of the year 29), and Peru from Belarus delivered MiG-16: 29 single and a pair of combat training MiG-1997UB, began in July 2000. Therefore, the cover of the Peruvian shock aviation carried out by the French Mirages-12-10 units (2000 Mirage 2Ps and 2000 UBS Mirage 1987DP) which were purchased in the XNUMX year
                Total Peruvians lost:
                1 bomber "Canberra", February 9, 1995, for some unknown reason, presumably shot down by Ecuadorian air defense. The crew - pilot Captain Miguel Ale-hre Rodriguez and navigator Captain Percy Philippe Cuba - were killed.

                2 Su-22 (FAP007 and FAP014) - shot down on February 10 by the Ecuadorian Mirage F.1

                1 light attack aircraft A-37 Dragonfly - shot down on February 10 by the Ecuadorian "Kfirov S. 2 captain Wilfrido Moya (board. FAE-909). The crew (commander Ilario Valladares Seharna and captain Hrejo-rio Lomparte) ejected and within XNUMX hours one of their own ...
                5 Mi-17: FAP-587 shot down by Ecuadorians from MANPADS 29 January 1995 years, 2 shot down 30 January fire small arms and MANPADS; 1 -10 February, 1 (FAP-547) - 13 February fire ZPU, made an emergency landing, did not recover.

                1 Mi-25 (FAP695) was shot down by Ecuadorians using MANPADS 6 February 1995. The crew of three people was killed: commander Colonel Marco Antonio Chenone, captain Raul Vera and flight technician Eric Hilberto.

                One Twin Bell-1 was damaged, but the crew was able to land the helicopter at the base.
                The Peruvians admitted the death of their troops in the 58 battles, another 107 were injured, five were missing, and seven were captured. According to various sources, Ecuadorians killed soldiers and officers in battles up to 40, wounded from 65 to 87, and two were captured.
              2. badger1974
                badger1974 31 January 2014 19: 48
                0
                they didn’t fail, but couldn’t be allowed to fly due to unstable operation of the engines;
  6. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 28 January 2014 17: 21
    +8
    Good overview excursions into the history of domestic aviation, I look forward to continuing, thanks to the author for the work!
  7. mizantrop22
    mizantrop22 28 January 2014 17: 26
    -3
    Quote: Gamdlislyam
    In 1982, at the time of the outbreak of hostilities in Lebanon, the Syrian Air Force was equipped with Su-20 fighter-bombers, as well as one squadron of the then-modern Su-22M. On June 10, eight Su-22Ms, each of which was armed with eight FAB-500 bombs, attacked the headquarters of Israeli forces in southern Lebanon. The target was destroyed (with heavy losses for the Israelis) at the cost of the death of seven aircraft shot down by the Israeli Air Force F-16A fighters (instead of delivering a massive strike, the Syrians carried out a series of consecutive raids, while reaching dangerously high altitudes, which allowed the Israeli air defense to organize effective resistance).

    That's right, but it was this blow to the headquarters, or rather its destruction, that led to the cessation of hostilities and the conclusion of a ceasefire. And the planes were shot down already after being struck by Israeli fighter jets induced by AWACS.
    The article is good, but the feeling remains that there should be a continuation.


    The cessation of hostilities occurred due to the achievement by the Israelis of the assigned tasks, namely the withdrawal of the PLO from Lebanon. I have not heard anything about the destruction of the headquarters of the Israeli troops before. If this were the case, many high-ranking officers would probably die and there would be a great deal of resonance. I hope the guys from Israel come up and say how it was according to their version.
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 28 January 2014 18: 51
      +5
      Quote: mizantrop22
      I have not heard anything about the destruction of the headquarters of the Israeli troops before. If this were the case, many high-ranking officers would probably die and there would be a great deal of resonance.

      Dear colleague, mizantrop22, if you have not heard anything about the raid on the headquarters of the Israelis, this does not mean that this event did not happen. The fighting ceased the next day, after the Syrians bombed the headquarters. Prior to this, the Israelis, despite the pressure, refused to sit at the negotiating table under the auspices of the UN.
      The Israeli authorities, after the appearance in the Western media about the destruction of the headquarters of the command and control in Lebanon, did not comment on this fact.
      Hushing up or denying losses (both human and technical) is not only the practice of the Israeli authorities. This affected both the USSR and the USA, and many countries.
      During the war, propaganda came first, otherwise pacifist sentiment would prevail.

      Quote: mizantrop22
      I hope the guys from Israel come up and say how it was according to their version.

      They will say for sure. request Their propaganda today is the same as in the USSR before the arrival of the "bald one". am
    2. zyablik.olga
      zyablik.olga 30 January 2014 15: 12
      +6
      The guys are modestly silent smile
  8. typhoon7
    typhoon7 28 January 2014 18: 28
    +7
    Thank you very much Sergey for the excellent article, I really hope that you will still please us! +
  9. mizantrop22
    mizantrop22 28 January 2014 19: 40
    -1
    Quote: Gamdlislyam
    Quote: mizantrop22
    I have not heard anything about the destruction of the headquarters of the Israeli troops before. If this were the case, many high-ranking officers would probably die and there would be a great deal of resonance.

    Dear colleague, mizantrop22, if you have not heard anything about the raid on the headquarters of the Israelis, this does not mean that this event did not happen. The fighting ceased the next day, after the Syrians bombed the headquarters. Prior to this, the Israelis, despite the pressure, refused to sit at the negotiating table under the auspices of the UN.
    The Israeli authorities, after the appearance in the Western media about the destruction of the headquarters of the command and control in Lebanon, did not comment on this fact.
    Hushing up or denying losses (both human and technical) is not only the practice of the Israeli authorities. This affected both the USSR and the USA, and many countries.
    During the war, propaganda came first, otherwise pacifist sentiment would prevail.

    Quote: mizantrop22
    I hope the guys from Israel come up and say how it was according to their version.

    They will say for sure. request Their propaganda today is the same as in the USSR before the arrival of the "bald one". am


    Propaganda and concealment of losses is possible when there is total control on all media, that is, as it was then in the USSR and Arab countries. On the other side, it was difficult to hide something. Even if the left-wing press does not write, the Western one will pick it up. So if there is any interesting source, share it.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 29 January 2014 13: 58
      +7
      at the expense of concealing losses. in that conflict, the Israeli casualties on their official accounted for about 400 people, not counting the six-day war, the highest rate until today, they could die only from airstrikes, more like syriacs could not get the enemy’s manpower - and there is one indirect fact - the displacement of Ariel Sharon from the post of the Ministry of Defense, and not for the massacre and all kinds of atrocities, but for the losses suffered during this conflict
      Now hide on account. The Israeli Air Force, as its eternal ally, claims that there was no combat loss for the Eagles f-15 and Sokolov f-16, how do you think this eagle has how much life to live? I hope on the reticle is not difficult to guess who the killer is
    2. badger1974
      badger1974 29 January 2014 14: 10
      +3
      and this handsome falcon? here I hope without comment, the losses were hidden everywhere and always, and they will hide, because the misinformation on a weak mind and the narrow horizons of the average person affects one hundred percent out of a hundred, and the average man fed up with snot series, and scolded to disgrace by his ailments on the drum, he people and people hawks everything indiscriminately, not going into conclusions
  10. samoletil18
    samoletil18 28 January 2014 23: 19
    +8
    Pts. interesting article! From me for both parts of the "+". Yesterday I surfed the Internet, read about the Su-7 and-17.
  11. sonic
    sonic 29 January 2014 01: 05
    -3
    Cross out the first paragraph of the article - there was no blow to the Israeli headquarters in 1982, this bike has been roaming the RuNet for a long time ...

    And the photo "Israeli tanks destroyed as a result of the air strike", why is it here? these tanks were knocked out in the Sinai during the 1973 war
  12. badger1974
    badger1974 29 January 2014 13: 38
    +5
    Quote: sonic
    Cross out the first paragraph of the article - there was no blow to the Israeli headquarters in 1982, this bike has been roaming the RuNet for a long time ...

    But how do you comment on such a fact? that about 80 Israeli soldiers were killed in the Lebanon war of the 400s, according to the statement of the Israeli side, and only 80 military personnel were killed from the end of the 20s to the end of the 900th century over the entire period of military clashes from the Israeli side. This could only be caused by bombing there were no ground clashes, the territories of the Israeli armed forces were engaged only after thorough processing of air and art attacks, so there is nothing for the author to cross out
    1. sonic
      sonic 29 January 2014 15: 36
      -2
      I will not even comment on it ... "there were no ground collisions"
      Mountainous terrain, settlements, where is the place for clashes? It was a pleasure walk
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 29 January 2014 15: 59
        +3
        no one says that a military operation is a walk, I mean that the manpower of Israel is introduced when the enemy lost control of the territory, and loses control when its fire and technical power is destroyed, and is remotely accompanied by air and art attacks, which are accompanied by huge civilian casualties (see how many civilians were killed during the conflict), this is the western concept of maintaining a database, it’s strange how you don’t know
        1. sonic
          sonic 29 January 2014 16: 36
          -1
          I tell you about Thomas, you tell me about Yerema))

          You previously stated that the Israelis had "nowhere" to lose 400 people.

          I hinted to you that it was a pretty "normal" war - with regular armies, with ambushes and partisans, with storming of settlements, with shelling and tank battles, with the capture of Beirut at last
          So this is still pretty miserable loss (in Israel, of course, they think differently)
          1. badger1974
            badger1974 29 January 2014 17: 08
            +2
            you think correctly, as a soldier in Israel, if large-scale ground operations were conducted, you yourself know how it would be, and so
  13. sonic
    sonic 29 January 2014 15: 50
    -2
    f-16 nebylo how do you think this eagle how much is left to live? I hope on the reticle is not difficult to guess who the killer is



    and this handsome falcon



    why are you posting this nonsense here? For lunch these photos are one hundred years old, they have already been chewed, chewed at all military forums

    the first photo is fake - this is the original
    http://forums.airforce.ru/attachments/holodnaya-voina/25315d1278397404-atlantiqu
    e-kill.jpg /

    second photo - Egyptian F16 in the sight of the Egyptian Mig-21

    I congratulate you, citizen, lied!
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 29 January 2014 17: 00
      +3
      You showed a photo of the original, and then the link that gave me leads to the Poles, and nothing specific
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. badger1974
      badger1974 30 January 2014 02: 53
      +3
      duck where is the original of the above photo, in the studio
      1. sonic
        sonic 14 February 2014 14: 29
        0
        Sorry, what does it mean to provide the original to you? Negative or what?

        Do not turn on the fool, these pictures have been chewed five hundred and fifty times at all air forums - who is on target and when it was
        And here you post a cheap propaganda! Fu fu
  14. chetbor
    chetbor 22 November 2015 19: 19
    +3
    But I thought - where did the people bring such anichea from - comes out of you.
    Su-17M4 was actively used by the Russian Air Force during the First Chechen. REMEMBER - they didn’t use them, in Chebenki they stood already in the Steppe .. on an eternal joke in the caring hands of corrosion and precious metal collectors ..

    The war in the DRA ended with the Su-17m4 from 1 ae 202 apib, they made an extreme flight on the night of February 14-15.
    And note, for such a number of days of flights on the Su-17m4 they made 2-2,5 times more than the pilots on the MiG-27. So who more often used the intended purpose of the IBA ???