Military Review

Chinese in Crimea

27



Events that have recently taken place in the Ukrainian capital have eclipsed everything that is happening in the country. Meanwhile, outside of Kiev, something is happening that in the near future may have major consequences for Ukraine.

This, first of all, is that the Crimean authorities signed a Memorandum on the implementation of the project in the sector of the agro-industrial complex with China. According to the agreement, the largest Chinese companies intend to invest billions of dollars in the modernization and development of some systems and technologies, in particular, the irrigation system, logistics, storage of agricultural products, etc. One of the most interesting parts of the contract is the idea of ​​building a large grain terminal on the basis of one of the ports of the Crimea.

All financing for the project was undertaken by one of the largest Chinese banks. As the Crimean authorities promise, all the land on which the project is planned to be implemented will be transferred to the Chinese for rent, therefore the status of the lands of Ukrainian state ownership will be preserved.

The signing of the Memorandum is the next step in the implementation of the agreement signed in December by V. Yanukovych and the government of the PRC. The visit of the head of the Ukrainian state fell on a period of aggravation of the political and economic crisis of Ukraine. Therefore, many experts were confident that Yanukovych went to China for regular loans. However, the president did not bring any money from the trip, and the details of the negotiation process remained unknown.

Recall that the idea of ​​building a cargo deepwater port with a grain terminal in the Crimea is not new. At the moment, the authors of the agreement have chosen the neighborhood of the city of Evpatoria as the location for the project. The project from the Ukrainian side will be implemented by businessman A. Mazyuk, who managed to attract as an investor billionaire from China Wang Jin (initiator of the construction of the similarity of the Panama Canal in Nicaragua).

According to the agreements, the water area and port infrastructure will be initially erected on land, and then flooded with water and connected to the sea through the destruction of the spit that separates the sea and the Bogayly lake. The depth of the water area of ​​the port is supposed to be about 25 meters. And for the unimpeded passage of large ocean-going vessels, it is planned to build an 9-kilometer shipping canal. The port, the total cargo turnover of which will be more than 140 million tons, will be annually Ro-Ro terminal, container terminal, bulk cargo terminal, as well as a grain terminal. The total cost of the first stage of the project, according to preliminary estimates, is about 3 billion dollars. Its implementation is planned for the next five years.

According to Deputy Prime Minister of Crimea Rustam Temirgaliyev, the port will be intended for export of agricultural products and grain to China from Ukraine. The Chinese, in turn, intend to use this port to supply their engineering products to the countries of Eastern Europe.

Thus, it becomes almost obvious that the Chinese side intends to use Ukraine as a platform for the production of agricultural products - of course, for the needs of their country. This is confirmed by some messages that periodically appear in the media. So, in particular, it is reported that China has leased about 3 million hectares of farmland in Ukraine for half a century (this is about 5 percent of the total area of ​​Ukraine). The main purpose of the lease is pig breeding and crop production. This fits well with the new development strategy of China, which was proclaimed by the ruling party last year. In accordance with it, China intends to withdraw from its territory to third world countries a significant part of agricultural and industrial production.

Until recently, the Chinese authorities lined up such a format of relations exclusively with African states, into which the most harmful industries were very active and where the raw materials needed by the Chinese were mined. If we analyze the African experience, it becomes obvious that the Chinese are not particularly worried about the leased territories. Therefore, Ukraine, in all likelihood, should expect the use of various agricultural, biological and chemical technologies and, as a result, the total unsuitability of leased land.

If we talk about the construction of a large port in the Crimea, then first of all it is necessary to understand how the appearance of a large industrial zone can affect the resort city. Some experts are confident that the construction of the shipping channel will cause a constant draw of sand from the coast of the resort. Separately, you need to talk about freight terminals. If millions of tons of cargo pass through them, their treatment will certainly cause severe contamination of the area around the port and the adjacent water area. In addition, the creation of a large transport and transshipment hub for the redistribution of commodity flows will lead to an increase in the load on the road and railway infrastructure (and, consequently, to problems in the field of ecology).

According to the agreements reached, Ukrainians will work in the port and agricultural infrastructure created by the Chinese. But if we take into account the fact that the local labor force is estimated quite high, it can be assumed that these agreements will be violated, and Chinese specialists will eventually work on the capacities.

It should be noted that the idea of ​​building a Chinese port in the Crimea is not new. China’s interest in the western coast of Crimea has been stable since the beginning of the 1990s. At the end of 2011, in the framework of the visit of the Crimean delegation headed by Deputy Prime Minister Pavel Burlakov, a memorandum of cooperation was signed between the Chinese engineering industry corporation, EXIM Bank and the Council of Ministers of Crimea. At the same time, the project "Western Crimea" was presented, the essence of which was to transform the coast into a similarity to Antalya. However, he failed because there was not enough land on the west coast to create Crimean Antalya.

And now the Crimean authorities have again signed a memorandum of cooperation with China and intend to implement this large-scale project, even though there is still no free land on the Crimean coast. Of course, nowadays it’s too early to say that the Chinese will build a deep-water port in the Crimea. And it's not just that the location of the future port is not even determined exactly. According to environmentalists, the construction of such a complex on the west coast of Crimea is simply impossible, because there is an extremely fragile sea-to-coast system.

Certain concerns are also caused by the fact that the Chinese intend to implement their project on the western Crimean coast. And the reasons for this may be several. The first is that the Chinese really need to expand their transport and food infrastructure, and therefore they don’t care about any problems. However, there is also a suspicion that the companies BICIM and HKND Group, which will be engaged in construction, are just a cover for the Chinese government, which is trying to expand its influence in the world. The second reason is already in the Ukrainian partners. PJSC Southern Investment Company, Suesta and SendInterMarin have no experience in the construction of ports, but at the same time the loudest scandals about the illegal mining of sand in Donuzlav are connected with them. And the problem is that the whole territory from this lake to the village of Frunze is the Karkinitsky Bay, covering Evpatoria and the nearby health resorts in Saki. It is in this bay that shallow deposits of sea sand are located at a shallow depth. Therefore, the agreement also focuses on the deep-water port, which guarantees the deepening of the bottom to 25 meters (and this is many millions of tons of valuable sand and, consequently, a huge environmental damage). The fact is that the Black Sea has a feature of “licking wounds” at the bottom with its waves, in other words, it washes away sand and pebbles from the coast.

According to the Crimean experts, the Ukrainian partners are misleading the Chinese side, and this project is nothing more than an illusion that will never be realized. But under it will be allocated solid money, of which to pocket a couple of percent is a holy cause. And then ... further, as lucky. They may say that it is impossible to implement the project, because there are no suitable conditions ...

Materials used:
http://www.utro.ru/articles/2014/01/22/1170083.shtml
http://911sevastopol.org/articles/N_Semena_ukrainskim_partneram_nuzhen_ne_port_a_pesok/
http://crimea.ura-inform.com/2013/12/09/31213
http://www.day.kiev.ua/ru/article/ekonomika/kitayskiy-suvenir-s-syurprizom
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  1. lapo32
    lapo32 24 January 2014 09: 18
    0
    The road from Crimea to China is far and difficult, agricultural production is unlikely to target the Chinese, and the weak coastal infrastructure, the absence of large producers and consumers will lead to multibillion-dollar trade
    1. seller trucks
      seller trucks 24 January 2014 09: 56
      +2
      Quote: lapo32
      From Crimea to China, the road is far and difficult,


      for many Ukrainians, Ukraine is China’s window to Europe, but that’s not the point, I admit that the issue is still being resolved peacefully, what will happen next, hmm, we can only guess, for example, it is possible that China will ensure its military presence in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea for the passage of their ships, all the more so considering the calm in the region, in addition, it is possible that over time they will agree with Ukraine on a military base in Crimea. Everything is extremely simple, Ukraine needs money, and the Chinese can give it, naturally, for a reason.
      1. Retx
        Retx 24 January 2014 11: 51
        +3
        Crimea already warns of the possibility of leaving Ukraine. There will be no base there, Putin will not allow it.
        1. Alexander D.
          Alexander D. 24 January 2014 22: 38
          -2
          And who is Putin? And what does he have to do with Crimea?
    2. Luger
      Luger 24 January 2014 10: 19
      +20
      Dear learn the math part! Currently, distance is not the main criterion for abandoning such mega projects. Read the review of articles on China's expansion to Africa, look at the statistics on the increase in traffic from the African continent to China, and everything will become clear to you. Ukraine is close to China, right "just around the corner."
      I completely agree with the author about the attitude of the Chinese to rented lands, you don’t have to go far for an example, in the Amur region and Khabarovsk Territory, after the Chinese and their use of chemicals, the earth resembles a lunar landscape, it completely burns out, even weeds do not grow there.
    3. Poppy
      Poppy 24 January 2014 12: 47
      +2
      the road is easy - sea transport is the cheapest
    4. AVV
      AVV 24 January 2014 13: 38
      0
      If chemistry is used in agricultural production, these products are exported to Ukraine, Russia, and Europe, and then only new !!! For domestic consumption, the Chinese will not use it, since it is prohibited by domestic laws !!!
  2. SSR
    SSR 24 January 2014 09: 21
    +14
    Now the topic is that the Chinese will poison the lands of Ukraine with pesticides, herbicides will concern only those people whose minds are not covered by a moldy film of European integration. It turns out that the government is on the African path and maydanutye. It is a pity there is no Catherine da Potemkin - Tauride on you.
  3. olegff68
    olegff68 24 January 2014 09: 45
    +6
    Not surprisingly, they have already passed - while in the country there is a mess and, frankly speaking, anarchy, someone is actively selling the Motherland and all that is attached to it.
    1. avt
      avt 24 January 2014 10: 48
      +3
      Quote: olegff68
      someone is actively selling the Motherland and all that is attached to it.

      Well, the article says so - “According to the Crimean experts, the Ukrainian partners are misleading the Chinese side, and this project is nothing more than an illusion that will never be realized. But substantial money will be allocated for it, of which it is a sacred thing to pocket a couple of percent. And then ... further, as you are lucky. Perhaps they will say that it is impossible to implement the project, because there are no suitable conditions ... " request The entire policy of the Ukrainian leadership since the time of Kravchuk is aimed only at this - to convert the entrusted state into a pocket. The Euro Association of recent years is the final apotheosis of this policy. The main thing for the "elite" of Ukraine, and of all shades, is only a successful conversion of the territory's independence with the population in addition.
    2. Nayhas
      Nayhas 24 January 2014 13: 13
      0
      Quote: olegff68
      someone is actively selling the Motherland and all that is attached to it.

      Guess who!
  4. zavesa01
    zavesa01 24 January 2014 09: 45
    +18
    It's a shame that the stupid decisions of Ukraine will be dismantled by their children. (History will put everything in its place.) But will Ukraine have such a happy future? Western Ukraine to hell with it. sorry for the east.
  5. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 24 January 2014 10: 01
    +9
    ... the construction of a shipping channel will cause permanent pulling of sand from the coast of the resort. ... processing will inevitably cause severe pollution of the area around the port and the adjacent water area. ... the creation of a large transport and transshipment hub for the redistribution of goods flows will lead ... to problems in the field ecology.
    ... Ukrainians will work in the port and agricultural infrastructure created by the Chinese. ... these agreements will be violated, and Chinese specialists will eventually work at the facilities.

    Do not hesitate, where 1 Chinese appears, soon, like cockroaches, they become - "LOT". In our house, 2 Chinese rented a 3-room apartment, after a few months there were so many of them that it is difficult to count, and like ants - some come, others leave, and this "cycle" occurs almost around the clock.
    The USA, GaiRopa, their bandits-fascists-Bandera, also the Chinese, with their bases (their true purpose will not yet be known), their fleet.
    In truth, MANY-distressed Ukraine ...
  6. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 24 January 2014 11: 12
    0
    A strange story with this port. Starting from the choice of location and ending with the choice of "partners".
    1. asadov
      asadov 24 January 2014 11: 20
      0
      and what is strange? start with someone who has a lot of money now and who is willing to invest it in different projects? Of course, China. And as for Ukraine, what do you think that after all the recent events it will have a lot of money? I think the opposite - it will just be a beggar. So she desperately needs money for everything. So it turns out they found each other.
    2. APASUS
      APASUS 24 January 2014 23: 15
      +1
      Quote: chunga-changa
      A strange story with this port. Starting from the choice of location and ending with the choice of "partners".

      When they say that there will be a war with China, I am always skeptical of such statements. Quietly, China will buy the country without special statements. Land for 50 years for rent, a port, city, road will be built, when the Chinese will own 40 percent, just ignoring them will not work .
  7. Suhov
    Suhov 24 January 2014 12: 17
    +7
    ... the whole earthon which the project is planned to be implemented, will be leased to the Chinese, therefore, the status of lands of Ukrainian state property will be preserved ...

    The attempts of some leaders of Ukraine to demonstrate their independence from Russia
    Amaze with their unbridled stupidity. sad
    Instead of spontaneously sowing the rational, the good, the eternal, wassat
    decided to repeat Russian stupidity: sad
    "to make" in Ukraine its own Alaska, whose name is Crimea ... fool
  8. Goldmitro
    Goldmitro 24 January 2014 12: 30
    +3
    <<< Thus, it becomes almost obvious that the Chinese side intends to use Ukraine as a platform for the production of agricultural products - of course, for the needs of their country. Until recently, the Chinese authorities built such a format of relations exclusively with African states, into which the most harmful industries were very actively removed (at the same time), the Chinese are not particularly worried about the leased territories. Therefore, Ukraine, most likely, should expect the use of all kinds of agricultural, biological and chemical technologies and, as a result, the complete uselessness of the leased land. >>>
    It remains only to congratulate the Ukrainian leadership, which is so proud of its independence! They found a "worthy" place for Ukraine .... among African states!
    It seems that no independence, independence with Svidomo, no "care" about the people, about their native land can resist an ordinary BABLE!
  9. mountain
    mountain 24 January 2014 13: 37
    +2
    China imports more than 90% of food and goes to any tricks to seize territories. And after them, although the grass does not grow, it was the same in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. They scattered the whole earth, and even their products, put up for another manufacturer. And what the Ukrainian government does is not amenable to the mind, hostility, there is no other word.
  10. badger1974
    badger1974 24 January 2014 14: 19
    +2
    the Chinese simply did not very well analyze the experience of the South Koreans in the ZAZ-Virgo project, the Koreans were in a hard knockout, the Chinese will face the same fate, the Chinese military base says it’s unlikely, they will throw the Chinese and that’s all
  11. tochila
    tochila 24 January 2014 14: 28
    +6
    Fear the Chinese bringing gifts !!!
  12. nnz226
    nnz226 24 January 2014 17: 01
    +1
    Quote: "Until recently, the Chinese authorities built such a format of relations exclusively with African states ..." Here is the assessment of the enty territory, the state "this" cannot be called ... Yes, and the MayDowns who cry: "Ukraine is a tse geyropa" must be made clear "hu is who".
    1. Motors1991
      Motors1991 24 January 2014 17: 49
      +2
      This is not for mayDAUNOV, this, as you do not understand, is against Russia and against Ukraine. Our Yanukovych is a worthy descendant of Mazepa, and even cleaner will be. Protect him more, over time, if you sit, he will show such an ass of Russia that Mazepa is on him the background will look like a real baby.
  13. Samy
    Samy 24 January 2014 17: 59
    +1
    Quote: mountain
    China imports more than 90% of food and goes to any tricks to seize territories. And after them, although the grass does not grow, it was the same in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. They scattered the whole earth, and even their products, put up for another manufacturer. And what the Ukrainian government does is not amenable to the mind, hostility, there is no other word.


    No need ..... China provides itself with almost all products, with the exception of certain types, as a rule, not characteristic of the PRC. In addition, China is actively selling its products, such as fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs, and some cereals. The entire Far East lives on Chinese food products.
  14. archi.sailor
    archi.sailor 24 January 2014 20: 27
    +2
    Hands off Donuzlav !!!! Don't spoil my personal page from life! When there was the Crimean naval base, a bunch of "puffs" (air cushion boats), a whole OVR division and half of the auxiliary fleet of the KChF. And now what was there in 1977-1984 will never be again. Let everything remain as it was. Although the last time he was in the village in 1996. The village is the village of Novoozerny
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 25 January 2014 00: 28
      +1
      there is nothing there, full of p ..., they are trying to make a resort, but you will make a h.r in "the country of the steppe and gophers", served there -base 3 PSB of PPS ships, himself on board 201 "Donbass"
  15. ochakow703
    ochakow703 24 January 2014 20: 45
    +2
    Maybe the Chinese and the fellows, only here they treat disgusting foreign land. They have bred here too. The land was leased directly on the river bank (by law it is a water protection zone), but is it written to them. There are always crayfish in the river, and now weedy fish is a rarity. And from their greenhouses it carries armageddon, and vegetables should not be eaten at all. But the Ukrainians will achieve their goal, they will be gay with an African nucleon.
  16. fog
    fog 24 January 2014 22: 14
    0
    I do not know about you, but it occurred to me that this "port" they can use for military purposes.
  17. jekasimf
    jekasimf 24 January 2014 23: 27
    +2
    This is what happens. They decided to ditch Donuzlav?
    They defended it with such difficulty, not allowing them to make a sand pit there. So now the Chinas have sold it !!!!
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 25 January 2014 00: 29
      +1
      Donuzlav is already ruined by the glorious 20-year-old independence
  18. LINX
    LINX 25 January 2014 04: 51
    +1
    The author is a balabol and a provocateur, there is no lease by the Chinese of agricultural land, it has long been known that this is a duck. Yes, they buy barley, sunflower oil and corn; to improve logistics, they are building a deep-water port that will be the property of the state and what ???? Normal trade relations, or, as always, to Ukraine is nizya because it is not ordered.
    Maybe Crimea will start paying something to the budget and will not sit as a parasite as always.
  19. vanderhaas
    vanderhaas 25 January 2014 05: 55
    0
    Why not build the West Daolian port for the CPC comrades? What's bad about it? Maybe the Turks will calm down and stop pretending to any role?
  20. I think so
    I think so 25 January 2014 22: 32
    0
    The Chinese will lose here ... With such an unstable, and most importantly, IMPOTENT power, concluding long-term contracts is simply stupid ... or, simply, money is wasted ...
  21. samoletil18
    samoletil18 25 January 2014 22: 37
    0
    Maybe the Chinese will disperse the Maidan? Yanukovosch can not be solved.