Military Review

Indicated price is the Tejas Mark I for the Indian Air Force

11
The Tejas Mark 1 will be one of the most affordable fighters in the world in its class. MoD representatives reported that Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) installed the first Tejas 20 fighter jets, which began to produce in Bangalore, the price of about $ 26,3 million per plane, according to local press.


This is only part of the cost of the comparable Mirage-2000, which was bought relatively inexpensively in the 1980s, but now its modernization costs $ 45 million per fighter. On December 19, 2011, Defense Secretary Anthony announced in Parliament what Thales would have received for modernization fleet of 49 Indian Mirage-2000 fighters, 1.4 billion euros, while HAL would receive $ 328 million, which would total $ 1.72 billion. Since modernization will be completed only by 2021, its value will increase even if it falls rupee.

Anthony then told the parliamentarians that the fleet of 69 fighters MiG-29 was upgraded for 964 million, which is approximately 14 million per fighter in excess of the acquisition cost.

Su-30KI - a heavier, and therefore more expensive fighter, licensed production of which is HAL, costs the country's air force in 65 million dollars each. The average multi-role fighter, the purchase of which is now being discussed with Dassault, can cost as much as 120-140 million dollars each.

The Pakistani JF-17 Thunder lightweight fighter aircraft, jointly developed with China, is supposedly a bit cheaper - 23-24 million dollars per aircraft. However, Tejas significantly surpasses JF-17 in the use of composite materials, an electrical control system and more perfect avionics.

MO is trading with HAL over the price of 26 million, indicating that in 2006, HAL denoted the price of 18,9 million. HAL, in turn, indicates that about 45% of foreign-made Tejas components, and Inflation over the past 8 years has provided a rise in fighter cost by 40%.

During a recent visit by Business Standard journalists to the Tejas production lines, HAL representatives spoke about the measures they were taking to reduce the cost of Tejas in order to make it more attractive to the country's Air Force. The first step for HAL was to achieve economies of scale by organizing assembly and production lines on 200 fighters - despite the fact that MoD has only confirmed the purchase of 40 Tejas.


Angad Singh - Zone Five Aviation | airliners.net


However, in its ambitious plans, HAL enjoys the support of the MoD. In December, 2013 at the ceremony of adopting Tejas into service with the Indian Air Force, the Minister of Defense announced that it was planned to manufacture approximately 200 fighters in Mark I and Mark II configurations.
According to the plans of HAL, the Tejas Mark I fighters must enter the 20 in the current configuration and 20 after the full operational readiness, scheduled for the end of 2014, is reached. These are the two squadrons that the Defense Ministry has already confirmed. Next, HAL plans to produce the Tejas Mark II 84 fighter (4 Squadron). The Navy has already ordered a deck-mounted 8 Tejas, and soon plans to purchase the 11 Tejas Training-Combat Deck. After the development is completed, the Ministry of Defense will order another 46 Deck Tejas for two own aircraft carriers - INS Vikrant and its successor.

HAL also develops a cost reduction system in the full production and sales cycle, signing long-term (3-5 years) agreements with subcontractors. Instead of placing disparate orders, HAL orders for materials and components for the production of 40-50 aircraft kits. Strengthening their confidence and ensuring reasonable prices, HAL annually negotiates with them to link the pace of supply with the operation of the Tejas production line. With the growth of orders from the Navy and Air Force, as HAL assures its contractors, work with them will continue, and prices will remain at an acceptable level.

Problems with the equipment of a long production cycle, and sometimes, having a high percentage of defects, have already been identified and resolved. Tejas production line will have a high-quality machine shop with the most modern five-axis CNC machines. For critical components, such as composite wing skin, these machines are designed to replace the manual drilling of 8000 holes - a computer program will work instead, which will reduce cycle time, reduce errors and reduce production costs.

“With the help of such measures, we will improve the build quality, avoid alterations, defects and delays. Reducing the man-hour rate for mass production compared to prototyping will automatically reduce the cost of Tejas production, ”says RK Tyagi, chairman of the board of HAL.
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  1. samoletil18
    samoletil18 23 January 2014 10: 23 New
    +1
    The French will not show them for copying the Mirage 2000?
    1. avg
      avg 23 January 2014 11: 15 New
      +11
      Quote: samoletil18
      The French will not show them for copying the Mirage 2000?

      They have no time. A screech of peel stands over the planet. Sawing everything and everything. Enthusiastically and selflessly. fellow
      1. Hitrovan07
        Hitrovan07 23 January 2014 21: 15 New
        0
        That's just the "trees" have already begun to fall on loggers (in the sense of checking their activities, they are increasingly going to the courts).
    2. lelikas
      lelikas 23 January 2014 13: 14 New
      +2
      Quote: samoletil18
      The French will not show them for copying the Mirage 2000?

      No, it’s just that now in India they’ll fall not the 21st mirages, but the 2000s mirages.
      1. Roman 1977
        Roman 1977 23 January 2014 13: 30 New
        0
        Alexei, the French have been developing their Rafal for about 30 years, the plane made its first flight in the 1986 year, and was adopted by the French Air Force in the 2006 year. They tried to trick him into calling the Novi Avion project even to the Yugoslavs, so the French offered NA a new SNECMA M88 engine for NA, one of the best in the world planned to be installed on French Rafali, as well as avionics, which was produced under license would be in Yugoslavia. The French company Gifas offered assistance in the production of weapons for NA.



        failed Yugoslav "Novi Avion"


        "Rafale-1". as they say find xnumx differences
  2. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 23 January 2014 10: 51 New
    +5
    Well this is not the first Indian-made jet. In total, India today has produced more 350 proprietary warplanes of its own design. In addition, there was an extensive program of licensed production: the British “Net” (316 aircraft, including the Edgit version), “Jaguar” (116, incl. The French version, production continues), “Hawk” (46, production continues). And ours aircraft: MiG-21 (657 fighters, 220-bis only screwdriver assembly), MiG-27 (in India, Bahadur, 165) and Su-30MKI (assembly of aircraft sets with growing localization, 120, production continues. All this gives India nearly 1.800 aircraft.
    The first Indian aircraft of its own design was the HF-24 Marut, developed for India by the famous German aircraft designer Kurt Tank in the 1961 year. A total of 147 aircraft were produced. "Marut" actively participated in the Indo-Pakistan war of the 1971 year, striking at ground targets, supporting the advancing Indian troops. Losses amounted to 4 aircraft, one on the ground and three from anti-aircraft fire, in areas of Pakistani air bases tightly covered by anti-aircraft artillery. Pakistan anti-aircraft gunners claim to destroy another HF-24, but the Indians do not confirm this information. According to HF-24 Marut in India, a Pakistani F-86 Saber fighter was shot down, but Pakistanis did not recognize the loss, claiming they had lost the plane for technical reasons. In the 80-ies the aircraft was withdrawn from service, it was replaced by the MiG-23BN and Jaguar.

    HAL HJT-16 Kiran combat training aircraft was created in 1964. In 1968-85, 190 "Kiran" was produced. They are in service. They did not participate in the database. It is planned that Kiran will remain in operation at least until the 2015 year, when it should be replaced by the HJT-36 Intermediate Jet Trainer.
    1. avt
      avt 23 January 2014 11: 14 New
      +3
      Quote: Novel 1977
      The first Indian aircraft of its own design was the HF-24 Marut, developed for India by the famous German aircraft designer Kurt Tank in 1961.

      laughing good Own development developed by the Indian Kurt Tank with comrades.
      1. Roman 1977
        Roman 1977 23 January 2014 11: 29 New
        +5
        Well, where to go to poor Kurt Tank comrades? At first, in the autumn of 1947, he fled to Argentina, creating there for the Air Force a model of the Pulka II fighter, the Uankero multipurpose aircraft, as well as the project for the Condor airliner.

        I.Ae.33 Pulqui II

        I.Ae.35 Huanquero
        Willy Messerschmidt first developed the HA.100 Triana light multipurpose training aircraft in Spain, based on the Me.106G project, and then replaced the first Spanish HA-200 Saeta jet aircraft.

        HA.100 Triana

        HA-200 Saeta
        Subsequently, Willy Messerschmidt moved to Egypt, where he developed the first and only Egyptian HA-300 fighter, which, however, did not go into the series. However, the Israelis quickly learned about the German specialists, who began sending them parcels with bombs, after several explosions the Germans retreated.

        HA-300
  3. velikoros-xnumx
    velikoros-xnumx 23 January 2014 11: 09 New
    +2
    The average multi-functional fighter Rafale, the purchase of which is currently being discussed with Dassault, can cost $ 120-140 million each.


    Somehow this does not fit with the previous article on aircraft manufacturing yesterday

    According to the F-35 Program Manager Lauren Martin, the cost of a fighter is falling. In particular, an F-35A conventional takeoff and landing aircraft will cost approximately $ 75 million in 2019

    Well, it’s not like the F-35 super-wunderwafel cannot cost half as much as rafal, even taking into account the scale of production, especially by 2019. Either “partners” shamelessly plan, or they plan to default their home economy with the subsequent devaluation of the dollar wassat
    1. alexbg2
      alexbg2 23 January 2014 13: 03 New
      0
      Quote: velikoros-xnumx
      The average multi-functional fighter Rafale, the purchase of which is currently being discussed with Dassault, can cost $ 120-140 million each.


      Somehow this does not fit with the previous article on aircraft manufacturing yesterday

      According to the F-35 Program Manager Lauren Martin, the cost of a fighter is falling. In particular, an F-35A conventional takeoff and landing aircraft will cost approximately $ 75 million in 2019

      Well, how can not F-35 super-wunderwafel costs half as much as rafal, even taking into account the scale of production, especially by 2019. Either “partners” shamelessly plan, or they plan to default their home economy with the subsequent devaluation of the dollar wassat

      Can. The F-35 shows the price of only production, and the Rafale shows the figures for how much it will cost the Indian Air Force, and this is not only the cost of the aircraft itself, but also the associated money for simulators, maintenance and repair facilities, etc.
      We do not know the details of the contract, which is included in the amount of 120-140 million dollars.
    2. Nayhas
      Nayhas 23 January 2014 14: 05 New
      0
      Quote: velikoros-xnumx

      Somehow this does not fit with the previous article on aircraft manufacturing yesterday

      You need to understand that the contract price includes a set of spare parts, additional aircraft engines + maintenance, and in the case of the Rafales for India and the transfer of technologies, the construction of a factory for production ... It doesn’t happen in the world that an airplane costs for example 100 million, and bought it for so much ... We need to train pilots and instructors, technicians, test equipment for various systems, the range of weapons, etc. .... The cost of the aircraft itself is only part of the iceberg ...
  4. djachaev
    djachaev 23 January 2014 15: 17 New
    0
    According to the F-35 Program Manager Lauren Martin, the cost of a fighter is falling. In particular, an F-35A conventional takeoff and landing aircraft will cost approximately $ 75 million in 2019


    If this is so, then the “Penguin” has even more chances to promote export. Such a price is relatively low not only for the fifth generation fighter, but also for 4 +, 4 ++.
    Prices of light fighter jets for 2013:
    Eurofighter Typhoon: $ 123
    Dassault Rafale: $ 80-90
    F / A-18E / F: $ 66
    MiG-35: $ 63
    Saab JAS 39 Gripen: $ 60
    F-16 (block 50/60): $ 50
  5. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 23 January 2014 15: 44 New
    +1
    Tejas Mark 1 will be one of the most affordable fighters in the world in its class.

    The Indians have recently come up with the cheapest car, without wipers, radio and at some ridiculous price! laughing
  6. propolsky
    propolsky 23 January 2014 16: 29 New
    0
    I don’t know how much they’re “welding” on a modern aircraft, but this price tag is too cheap, it seems that it is made for a couple of years of operation or a couple of military applications. Miser pays twice...
  7. lpd1
    lpd1 23 January 2014 18: 23 New
    +1
    ... When morning came, Rama, taking the heavenly ship, prepared to start. That ship was large and beautifully decorated, two-story with many rooms and windows. The ship made a melodic sound before soaring into the sky-high heights ...

    Everything, flew away, now only on rickshaws!
  8. djachaev
    djachaev 23 January 2014 18: 44 New
    0
    Does Tejas have a passive or active phased array antenna?
  9. APASUS
    APASUS 23 January 2014 19: 59 New
    0
    What the Indians are doing well in is the structure of the formation of the aircraft fleet for the Air Force. The structure includes light fighters Tejas, Su-30MKI heavy and medium multi-functional fighter Rafale.
    We will only have Su fighters due to carpet games
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 23 January 2014 21: 05 New
      +1
      Well, of course, to invest several billion in development, to get at the output of 200 pcs of rogue scrap metal, it’s smart yes. This is done only in cases where you need to learn at least something. In principle, in light of the plans of 300 Su-30, all 126 “Rafales” at a fantastic price (frankly, Su-30 is cheaper, because salaries in Russia are lower than in France), they also look pretty stupid, or Indians want to shut up they are the MiG-27 niche, especially since it belongs to it, and not to the normal Rafale fighters.
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 24 January 2014 19: 30 New
        +1
        Quote: EvilLion
        Well, of course, to invest several billion in development, to get 200 pcs of Nischebrodsky scrap metal at the output, it’s smart yes. This is done only in cases where you need to learn at least something

        Quote: EvilLion
        look pretty dumb too

        In our case, it does not look stupid ??
        When, for covering a small object or escorting a convoy, we’ll have to raise Su to the visual escort, because we don’t have light Migi as a class. We filled the company in under the carpet game! and not enemies but with your own hands!
        Does it look smart? Let Mig not yet failed, but everything is going to this according to the latest trend!
  10. EvilLion
    EvilLion 23 January 2014 21: 00 New
    +1
    Obviously, the Indian Air Force doesn’t need Tejas in FIG, even in comparison with the Su-30, which covers a mask like a bull’s sheep, the number of Tejas is insignificant, it’s easier to buy kits for a hundred Su-30 than to mess with Tejas' om, which total 200 pcs are planned. Similarly, the Arjun tank is not needed, but a cat is needed to train the industry.
    1. supertiger21
      supertiger21 23 January 2014 21: 48 New
      0
      I agree!
      And I don’t think that the Indians will buy 200 units. By this time the plane will be outdated. Most likely the French Dasso Rafal will claim the role of a light fighter of the Indian Air Force.
  11. supertiger21
    supertiger21 23 January 2014 21: 44 New
    0
    The Indians will only buy 40 Tejas. According to its characteristics, it is seriously inferior to the Rafal fighter, and especially the Su-30MKI.
  12. alone
    alone 23 January 2014 22: 33 New
    0
    Quote: djachaev
    Eurofighter Typhoon: $ 123
    Dassault Rafale: $ 80-90
    F / A-18E / F: $ 66
    MiG-35: $ 63
    Saab JAS 39 Gripen: $ 60
    F-16 (block 50/60): $ 50


    it’s better to buy at that price than what the Indians offer.
  13. Salamander
    Salamander 24 January 2014 01: 27 New
    0
    Yes, the Indians are now trying to build their army on the basis of technology and their own, and all other countries. It is important that they do not try to isolate themselves from Russia by purchasing Yusov equipment. Then we will lose a strong ally in the region. But now they have a disagreement with the USA ...