The article on restricting electricity consumption in Russia has generated so many strong indignations of the “poor” electorate. Many already admitted that the country's leadership purposefully destroys the population. And it didn’t occur to anyone before succumbing to the herd instinct and writing angry comments, see the link provided in the article, think a little bit and ask a question. Why, in fact, it is generally necessary to limit energy consumption? From an economic point of view, it seems somewhat strange to restrict the sale of goods, and this is a loss both for the state and for generating companies - well, not at all logical. Is the government and business going against it?
For the sake of fairness, it’s worth noting that this is not about a full limit, but only about a limit on the minimum price limit, which means that by consuming electricity above the limit, you will simply pay more! This explanation looks more or less reasonable. Well, and who consumes in excess of the limit? If you have a pair of light bulbs and a boiler, i.e. you are really a poor person, then this restriction will hardly affect you, and therefore, it cannot cause disturbances on your part. On the other hand, this law really hits those who have a large number of electrical appliances and use them intensively, that is, it directly concerns rich people.
After reading the perturbed comments, it seems that this restriction on the website hurt not quite the poor stratum of society! Especially when you consider that the very same people who criticize the authorities constantly talk about their widespread poverty and impoverishment. A kind of contradiction emerges in their personal understanding of events or a lack of their own reasoning. Well, why load your brain with unnecessary meditations, if everything is clear for them. It is clear that the body is dark ...
And in order to enlighten some bodies at least a little, we will not dig deep and turn for information to Wikipedia (for children) and to the official website of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation (for adults). Immediately you can be warned that both resources in general do not contradict each other.
So, electricity in Russia is mainly produced at thermal, nuclear and hydroelectric power plants. The UES of Russia electric power complex includes about 700 power plants with a capacity exceeding 5 MW. At the end of 2012, the total installed capacity of UES of Russia power plants was 223 070,83 MW. As a result of 2011, 1,05 trillion kWh of electricity was produced in Russia, thereby practically reaching the level of electricity production in the RSFSR in 1986. It amounted to 1,01 trillion. kWh In total, the USSR produced 1,5 trillion. kWh The main consumer of electricity (2010) is production, 550 billion kWh. 55% increase per year (2010-09), 20 billion kWh. That is, half of all the generated electricity is used precisely in production. It would be interesting to look at the very “completely collapsed” industry, which consumes so much electricity, by the way, throughout the USSR at the beginning of the 80s. production used about 700 billion kWh. Based on these figures, we can assume that production decreased by about 30%, well, and taking into account the increase in energy efficiency of the consumer equipment, even less if you add a service sector equal to today 120 billion kWh, 11% increase per year (2010-09) 9 billion kWh, even more. Utilities sector - 130 billion kWh, 12% annual growth (2010-09), 6 billion kWh, while consumption growth in the utility sector is constant, independent of crises and can serve as an indirect indicator actual growth of citizens' well-being. Losses in power grids - 100 billion kWh Associated with a large length of power lines, etc. The rest falls on different regions, agricultural, transport, etc.
Where is the electricity, is not yet clear? Speak, export? Ok, let's see.
Russia exports electricity in significant volumes, mainly to Finland, Lithuania, China, Mongolia. In 2009, Russia exported 17,9 billion kWh of electricity worth $ 789 million, in 2010 year 19,0 billion kWh of $ 1,03 billion, despite the fact that half of all exports come from Finland. By the way, in the distant 1990, exports were equal to 43 billion kWh when imported into 35 billion kWh. Affected the collapse of the USSR. Electricity imports to Russia today amount to about 3 billion kWh, it remains almost unchanged and mainly accounts for Kazakhstan. The total export volumes of electricity from Russia are ridiculously meager compared to the volumes of its production and constitute only 2% and 8% of the combined utilities and services sector. If the electricity supplied for export is divided per inhabitant, then about 11 kWh per person will be needed per month. Recently, there has been a decline in exports to Europe, for them, see whether our electricity is very expensive.
Let's see what other options can be the use of electricity for other purposes? Maybe in the permafrost grow snowdrops?
Well, and here is the problem, see the data of the Ministry of Energy for the production of thermal energy as secondary energy after the production of the same CHP, TPP and electric NPP. In addition, you can (it is cheaper) directly use fuel resources such as coal, oil and gas, ... firewood, and at the same time burn your own and ancient ones like a mammoth and poop))).
We are going further, and if we still try to suggest such, in the opinion of some, not quite logical and not correct option, that electric power still does not disappear anywhere and no one steals it. Then another question is fair, why is it still lacking?
The last 5-7 years in major cities of Russia, the main driver of energy consumption growth has become the service sector and the population. So, in Moscow in 2000-2005. The share of the population accounted for 84% of the increase in electricity consumption, while the share of electricity consumption by the population and the household sector in total consumption rose to 63%. On the one hand, the demand for electricity is generated by the increasing use of various electrical appliances in everyday life due to the transition of a significant part of the population in cooking food from gas to electricity, electric kettles, electric stoves, microwaves, etc., by the way, even though electricity it costs much more (yeah, everything is getting poorer and poorer).
So, maybe, after all, no one stole it? And is its lack connected with the natural growth of production and the economy of Russia as a whole? Yes, that is right! Do not agree?
Lack of energy can really become a significant factor in restraining a country's economic growth. To fill the increasing needs of the economy and the population as a whole in electricity, additional capacity is needed. And immediately the main question arises: where to get them? The first method is extremely long and capital-intensive: the path of increasing oil and gas production and the construction of new power generation facilities. The second is much less expensive, due to the increased efficiency of the use of fuel and energy resources. It should be noted that in practice, a symbiosis of the first and second variants is necessary, with an undoubted priority of energy efficiency. What is happening: in Russia, the construction of energy facilities is actively underway. Over the 2011 year, more than 6 GW of new generating capacity was introduced, which is a record level from the 1985 of the year. In addition, Russia has a large-scale under-utilized energy saving potential, which, in terms of its ability to solve the problem of ensuring the country's economic growth, is comparable to the increase in the production of all primary energy resources without special costs. The potential for profit from long-term investments in improving the energy efficiency of the Russian energy sector is estimated by Western experts at 300 billions of dollars (meaning a long period). This includes the modernization of distribution and electrical networks, the rational redistribution of energy flows, the program for increasing the capacity of nuclear power plants of nuclear power plants, etc. Systematic work in the field of energy conservation and energy efficiency in various sectors and sectors of the Russian economy began after the adoption of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation on 23.11.2009 No. 261-ФЗ “On Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Improvement and Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”. In 2010, the Ministry of Energy of Russia together with CJSC APBE, LLC CENEF and FGU REA developed the State Program of the Russian Federation (GEPE-2020). The program is intended to be a tool for solving a large-scale task of reducing the energy intensity of GDP by 2020% by 40. That, in turn, leads to a decrease in production costs, an increase in the competitive advantages of a product and an increase in GDP.
Based on the foregoing, it can be assumed that the introduction of limits is to some extent a continuation and part of programs to improve energy efficiency, with a temporary measure associated with the predicted shortage of generating capacity in the future (due to the intensive growth of electricity consumption). Being a direct indicator of the growth of people's well-being and the development of production, which, in spite of alarmist articles about total devastation, is still developing !!! And the goal of introducing this restriction by the leadership of the country, as it seems, is not to infringe upon the rights of citizens, and certainly not the government’s struggle with its people, but to call people for more careful and economical use of electricity and to give the population some kind of impulse, a course for their participation in updating and modernizing . Those. There is a clear vision of the future development prospects of the country by the government, a full understanding of the existing tasks and the ways of their implementation.
Remember, such slogans were in the USSR: "We will teach your mother to consume economically" or "Saving kilowatts, you give grenades to the front." Is this not the desire to build a socially responsible state, where each person as an integral part of this state, to the best of his abilities and position, would contribute to the common cause! And against the background of quite frequent statements by many members of the forum about the urgent need to raise production (which, they say, no, and which, judging from the data above, still exists), there were so many indignations about the principle of a fair decision of the country's leadership as soon as the matter touched their own personal needs. And where is the question asked, did the early revolutionary calls for industrialization disappear?
By the way, about drawing parallels with similar calls to leave the WTO and close access to foreign goods in order to support their own production. Few people imagine that this will immediately cause a rise in prices. Will the personal budgets of these gentlemen sustain such loads?
Simple and accessible actions for each person to save energy in the amount of lead to a significant effect in the form of released electricity and significantly reduce the possibility of accidents or restrictions. For example, fully filled with water electric kettles in the millionth city, included every morning as if on command, or filled in the morning with the right amount of water for a cup of tea — for example, by a quarter — can provide triple savings! Or simply replacing incandescent bulbs with modern energy-saving bulbs can, on average, reduce the energy consumption in an apartment by 2. Costs pay off in less than a year. Etc.
So what, the citizens "psherapalschiki", well, where did the electricity go yet? Production? Maybe someone has more options? Or, again, Putin stole everything?)))
Note by the author. In accordance with the main principle of the socialist state about free education and treatment, take this article as a kind of gratuitous, absolutely harmless, pharmaceutical pill, which is recommended for people prone to untruth and various conspiracy problems. Sober-minded medicine does not have any effect - well, except perhaps prophylactic. After taking the pill, it is slowly absorbed by brain structures, up to a gradual activation of the normal thinking process. Do not be alarmed if you feel a certain ailment. There may be some short-term side effects in the form of abnormal actions, such as outbursts of rage, the use of profanity and pronouncing insults. A convulsive search for an antidote may also begin. It is likely that the reaction, expressed in the desire to gnaw through the bars of the cell. In any case, you should be warned in advance that doctors are not offended. This time. And second: there is no effective antidote against the TRUTH. I hope you'll get better soon. Good morning!