Military Review

Syria's oil and gas is the Russian key to the Middle East

39
Syria's oil and gas is the Russian key to the Middle EastAt the end of December 2013, Damascus signed an agreement with the Russian company Soyuzneftegaz on the development of offshore drilling in the territorial waters of Syria. We are talking only about geological exploration, but the Minister of Petroleum Industry of Syria, Suleiman Abbas, clarified that the contract is 25 years old.


Soyuzneftegaz has committed itself to carry out geological exploration, create the infrastructure necessary for the development of a subsea field, and also prepare personnel on site - in the Syrian general center of oil production. In addition, Soyuzneftegaz will assume all costs for these processes (according to preliminary calculations, about $ 90 million). Explorers explore the water area of ​​2190 square kilometers and determine the feasibility of further investments.

Many Western media, starting with a number of major publications, say that exploration work in Syrian territory was limited by the war - and not only that, but was a stopping factor for such people. However, Russian war, apparently, will not scare. Moreover, they, these same Russians (American journalists pour the bile), supply the “regime” of Assad (this cruel “tyrant”, a chemical killer of his own people) weapon and generally support him in every way at the international level. In short, neither Assad’s cruelty, nor violence, nor armed clashes in the region stop Russia. The Kremlin is not even embarrassed by the economic uncertainty of this kind of activity: war is in the country, devastation, and we still need to conduct reconnaissance ... They forget the saying in the West: whoever dares, he ate. Well, it seems that the West is very afraid of the very fighters for democracy, whom he himself recently armed and supplied - all sorts of bearded lice fighting under the “banner of Islam”. Not without reason, the special services of Europe are already consulting the same Assad, awaiting the imminent return of the Islamist militants back to Berlin, Paris and London. Western intelligence agencies in the grave would like to see these Islamists - in the literal sense of the word. As a result, large European companies, such as, for example, ENI (Italy), and then the American Noble Energy, registered in Houston, do not pop their noses in Syria, but cooperate more with Israel or Cyprus. By the way, Western firms stop even before sanctions from the EU and the USA. This factor will not stop Russia.

In fact, Western states are deeply grieved by the Russian raw materials assertiveness in the region. Europe has not yet come to its senses after the collapse of the Nabucco paper project and the collapsed Qatari Gas – Western Europe scenario, and here you are here: Russians are coming.

The Russian-Syrian raw materials transaction was called the Eastern Mediterranean, and European analysts immediately attached a respectful epithet of geostrategic to it. Oil and gas reserves off the coast of Syria in the press are called nothing less than "huge."

David Kashi (ibtimes.com) writes that Russia, like the USSR, is trying to strengthen the sphere of influence in the Eastern Mediterranean: this is the only warm water area to which the Russian fleet has access from the Black Sea. The value of the Eastern Mediterranean lies in the fact that the territory is an excellent natural barrier that impedes NATO’s western invasion (albeit the cold war is over).

The United States is leaving the region, Russia is coming there. This is her chance to strengthen where another geopolitical player has shown weakness. The West, we note, there is nothing left but to snap.

The author quotes from an interview with Nick Burns (Nick Burns), who leads the course of diplomacy and international politics at the John F. Kennedy Institute in Harvard: “The Russian position on Syria is undoubtedly extremely useless and cynical. The Russians closed their eyes on the affairs of Asad, indulged him and helped, not wanting to acknowledge the use of chemical weapons by him. We have a real problem here. The current situation shows the limitations of our ability to work with the Russians. ”

According to the journalist, Syria is one of those Arab countries that are still under the auspices of Russia. And President Putin will do everything possible to maintain his influence there. Russia regards the energy resources of the Eastern Mediterranean as the key to restoring its own regional significance.

It is believed that the Levant shelf of the basin contains considerable reserves of natural gas and oil. The basin extends from the coasts of Israel, Lebanon and Syria in the east to Cyprus in the west and has an average projected oil supply of 1,7 billion barrels, as well as a projected gas supply of 122 trillion. cubic feet Oil and gas give Israel and Cyprus a reason to feel like regional centers of influence. But here is Syria. Another member. And Russia, with which Syria obviously intends to be strategically friendly with all possible means.

The Russian treaty with Syria, David Kashi, is not just a way to invest money profitably. He calls the deal a “far-reaching political maneuver” for the region.

In principle, not only for the region. After discussing a little on the subject of Cyprus and Turkey, the author turns to Western Europe. The Russians have another clear motive for participating in the Eastern Mediterranean raw material “game”: the Moscow-Damascus deal emphasizes the Kremlin’s concern about the decline in natural gas exports to Europe (the author of the material thinks so). However, according to the mentioned Burns, Russia will not be able to "turn back history"(Meaning the so-called" collapse of communism "). Why so? The argument is simple: Russia is not as strong as the USSR.

The journalist does not comment on this argument, but reminds that the Russians are likely to play a significant role in Middle Eastern politics thanks to Bashar Assad: how much the latter will rule Syria will be how much their Kremlin affairs will do with the Syria. The author dares to make a bolder forecast, obviously disagreeing with Burns: Russia will be in the first violins in the Middle East in the next twenty-five years - and just thanks to its fortification in Syria.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
39 comments
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  1. mirag2
    mirag2 22 January 2014 08: 48
    +14
    Yes, it seems to me that here the search for benefits is secondary, and ensuring ideological stability in Russia is primary.
    1. Tarpon
      Tarpon 22 January 2014 08: 51
      +3
      Quote: mirag2
      Yes, I think that here the search for benefits is secondary, and ensuring ideological stability in Russia is primary.

      I agree.
      1. Romn
        Romn 22 January 2014 08: 52
        +18
        Bashar al-Assad simply once again secured himself, now after signing the agreements, Russia is not only fundamentally, but also very profitable to support Assad, and the supply of military equipment will now be not free, but barter. We give you equipment, you give us hydrocarbons! This is not a very bad factor, thanks to Russia.
        1. seller trucks
          seller trucks 22 January 2014 10: 11
          +9
          In fact, Western states are very upset by the Russian raw materials assertiveness in the region.


          not, ..... ....., for nothing, I walked along the tip of the blade
        2. Deniska
          Deniska 22 January 2014 10: 54
          +9
          I completely agree!!! In my opinion, it’s better to get hydrocarbons for weapons than to write off debts!
        3. Besoffner
          Besoffner 22 January 2014 17: 29
          +2
          >, and the supply of military equipment will no longer be gratuitous
          And they were not free.
          Syria granted loans for which she bought weapons. And now, an agreement on the development of the field is concluded for loan debts. For example, let this credit be granted to the Syrians, but we get much more. firstly, the resources of Saudi Arabia and Qatar do not go to our Caucasus, but to Syria, and secondly, the cancellation of debts can be tied to preferences by Russian companies when the Syrian government places orders for the supply of products or construction of something. and thirdly, Syria is an outlet for Russia in the Mediterranean. Here, as it were, there are direct financial losses, but the money will be beaten off due to other processes that will go as a result of the victory of the Assad regime.
        4. Alex toll
          Alex toll 23 January 2014 11: 58
          0
          And some sort of military base + an ally trained by ours, which conducts military operations, and not exercises ..... How many people are the Syrian army?
          1. Besoffner
            Besoffner 23 January 2014 13: 16
            0
            Quote: Alex Toll
            And some sort of military base + an ally trained by ours, which conducts military operations, and not exercises ..... How many people are the Syrian army?


            In fact, all of Assad’s Syria now lives on credit, and Assad’s army is also unable to support it. Most likely this money will never be given away. It was believed that Syria would need 20 years after the war to recover.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Retx
      Retx 22 January 2014 08: 54
      +2
      Benefit should be in the foreground. Both to us and to them. Then you can talk about in the long run. With ideology already played enough.
      1. Samaritan
        Samaritan 22 January 2014 09: 58
        +7
        Gladish and gain a foothold in the Mediterranean, in Syria, they are already introducing Russian into schools!
        1. alex-s
          alex-s 22 January 2014 11: 20
          +6
          So over time we will not rest in Turkey, but in Syria!
          1. tundra
            tundra 22 January 2014 14: 16
            +3
            There is no rest in SYRIA for a long time. these frolic there. Well, nothing in Syria men are konuuretnye, to scrape.
          2. Basil123
            Basil123 22 January 2014 19: 05
            +2
            why in syria request at home in the .... Arabian region repeat
        2. Besoffner
          Besoffner 23 January 2014 13: 16
          0
          Quote: Samaritan
          Gladish and gain a foothold in the Mediterranean, in Syria, they are already introducing Russian into schools!

          Well, yes, since the loot cannot be returned, we must take, then, by expanding the sphere of influence
    5. The comment was deleted.
  2. RUSSIA 2013
    RUSSIA 2013 22 January 2014 08: 53
    +18
    Syria is our ally, oil and gas fields that will be developed need Syria as if not when, we will protect our economic interests, so God help Syria, Russia.
    1. Besoffner
      Besoffner 23 January 2014 13: 18
      0
      Quote: RUSSIA 2013
      Syria is our ally, oil and gas fields that will be developed need Syria as if not when, we will protect our economic interests, so God help Syria, Russia.

      Hezbollah and Iran are fighting in Syria with Russian weapons bought with Chinese money :)
      This is such a friendly cartoon on Assad.
      Nevertheless, the successes of Assad began then, when ours seriously fit in for him
  3. biglow
    biglow 22 January 2014 09: 02
    +12
    For Russia, control of a large gas field near Europe is extremely important and justifies any expenses ...
    1. ZU-23
      ZU-23 22 January 2014 09: 21
      +6
      Of course, the more we go everywhere in peace and don’t take anything with machine guns in our hands, we also protect pure cooperation. What is interesting there, we will have today at Geneva-2, although perhaps this is an extra hope, because the zombie antibodies will continue to repeat that Assad must leave.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. AVV
      AVV 22 January 2014 23: 55
      0
      Oil and gas in exchange for weapons, food, medicine and much more, and most importantly for support from this Western and Saudi scum !!! Good barter !!! And beneficial for Syria and Russia !!!
  4. KG_patriot_last
    KG_patriot_last 22 January 2014 09: 45
    +6
    Why did I remember Cuba ... I hope they come to their senses and will again cooperate
  5. Egen
    Egen 22 January 2014 10: 17
    +4
    "President Putin will do his best to maintain his influence there. Russia views the energy resources of the Eastern Mediterranean as the key to regaining its own regional significance."

    Undoubtedly, one of the main reasons for Russia's presence in the Eastern Mediterranean is politics.

    “The Levantine Shelf Basin is believed to contain significant reserves of natural gas and oil. The basin stretches from the shores of Israel, Lebanon and Syria in the east to Cyprus in the west and has an average projected oil reserve of 1,7 billion barrels, as well as a projected reserve gas at 122 trillion cubic feet. "

    But the economic component is always at the heart of politics - money rules the world :)
    Pretty curious article here - http://voprosik.net/gazprom-na-blizhnem-vostoke/?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medi

    um = twitter
    It shows that the neighboring states gave Russia a turn from the gate. There, too, the figure "122 trillion cubic meters" is repeated only not feet but already meters :). Some sources contain forecasts up to 400+. True, it is unclear in what category these reserves are, but it is definitely a lot. At least more than the reserves of the notorious shale gas in the United States (according to BP forecasts, by 2035 the consumption of energy resources will grow by 41%, the share of shale will be 21% in the world and as much as 68% in the United States, while the share of US shale in the world is 71 %)
    Now imagine how you can warm your hands on this and what kind of fight is outlined here (or is already underway). If Israel itself can ensure the "sovereignty" of its deposits (well, with "friends"), then Cyprus, Lebanon and Syria, and we can certainly not Greece. In any case, our opponents will grow rich on this gas and oil, the influence and power of the host countries will increase.
    Thus, the economic, political and eu-but military situation around these deposits in 5-10 years implies fundamental changes. It is clear that this (gas supplies by countries that are not snuffed up like the Emirates) will affect the whole of Europe and also China and America will also come around. Russia will come around with a "-" sign.
    And therefore, of course we have the only chance - to be friends with Syria. It is clear that economically Gazprom doesn’t need this gas right now - it’s where to go to Europe. But even helping Syrians to extract gas, and not for ourselves, we are making Syria stronger - we will hope for our ally in the future. Assad is also far from stupid and must understand this ...
    So Russia took the first step - prevented military intervention in Syria by means of a "chemical initiative" :). But with further something IMHO pulls: (Geological exploration is a long process, although 3 billion rubles - the money for it is considerable, but not large ... It would be necessary to act faster, for example, in a year, in parallel, to drill exploratory wells based on the results of structural, or learn faster. Everything in the world changes very quickly, no matter how fast :(
    1. 31231
      31231 22 January 2014 13: 15
      +1
      It shows that the neighboring states gave Russia a turn from the gate. There, too, the figure "122 trillion cubic meters" is repeated only not feet but already meters :). Some sources contain forecasts up to 400+. True, it is unclear in what category these reserves are, but it is definitely a lot.

      When I read about these fabulous figures, I immediately thought that a Jew was writing an article.
      Clicked on your link, then at the end on the link to the source. Bggg. Someone wrote an article
      Allison Goode is a freelance journalist and analyst currently based in Jerusalem.

      The Jew refers to an article in the American Geological Survey. Where a certain Brenda Pierce estimates "The Levantine Basin contains 122 trillion cubic meters of undiscovered, technically recoverable gas reserves." That is, the reserves have not been explored, but the Americans have already counted them.
      For example, in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (where more than 90% of Russian gas is produced), the volume of reserves is 37,1 trillion m3, while a certain Branda Pearce turned out to have 122 trillion m3 on the calculator in the Levantine basin.
      Levantine basin area - 83 thousand km2. The volume of gas reserves - 122 trillion m3 !!!!!!!!
      The area of ​​the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug - 750 thousand km2. The volume of gas reserves - 37,1 trillion m3.

      Question: By whose order did Brenda Pierce count stocks on her fabulous calculator? if the largest gas field from the explored Leviathan, only 0,45 trillion m3 of gas.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Egen
        Egen 22 January 2014 15: 12
        0
        Quote: 31231
        When I read about these "fabulous figures, I immediately thought that a Jew was writing an article

        Sergey, it’s not written there what category they are :) Maybe it is С1 + С2 + ... On the Internet I also met the ratings of our Russians close to this figure. Although maybe they just tore from there ... Here's a look and see :)
        But you don’t have much to say about Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug :( Or are you without Bovanenkovo ​​and so on? :) Only coal methane reserves are valued in Russia in 84 trillion, now in Kuzbass two small sites have already been calculated as a result of exploration of 45 billion С1 and 179 billion C2 - not trillion but the platforms are small and it's coal and not sea ...
        And if 450 billion Leviathan С1 + С2 - then for offshore production this is nothing :)
        1. 31231
          31231 22 January 2014 17: 24
          +1
          Sergey, it’s not written there which category they are

          It will not be written in which category, because on C1 probably only the Leviathan, Tamar and those that are in the plan for development are explored. The rest of the Eastern Mediterranean is likely to be broken through a large grid by geophysicists. They highlighted several points, as a result, they passed the profile in more detail. So there appeared Leviathan, Tamar and others. Now they have begun to master.
          If they are poor and heavy in exploitation, they are developing deposits, you yourself understand that there can be no talk of any hyperfields. For large deposits would be immediately spotted, pierced and mastered in more detail.
          But about Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug you are not enough

          According to the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District different numbers. I brought reserves of exploited deposits. Putin in 2009 announced the figure of 50 trillion. m3 including Yamal Bovanenok, Tambeev, Kharasaveev. It is also worth considering that some of the deposits are located under the Gulf of Ob and on the near shelf of the Yamal Peninsula. That is, the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area should be increased by the area of ​​the Gulf of Ob and the near shelf.

          If there was a lot of gas there, there would have already been Chevrons, Shelahs and Bipy all in detail highlighted and developed. But, the Jews only managed to sign the Texas collective farm Nabl Energy. The biggest problem there, the great depths of the sea and occurrence. And the stocks are scanty.
          In general, my opinion is that Jews stir up excitement to attract investors. As with shale, noise and advertising are trillions, and production is billions. What does wildly expensive booty.
      3. alone
        alone 22 January 2014 21: 21
        0
        Quote: 31231
        The area of ​​the Levantine basin is 83 thousand km2. The volume of gas reserves is 122 trillion m3 !!!!!!!!
        The area of ​​the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug is 750 thousand km2. The volume of gas reserves is 37,1 trillion m3.


        If we compare the territory and reserves, in the Levantine basin there is a maximum of 3-3,5 trillion cubic meters of gas.
        1. 31231
          31231 23 January 2014 07: 32
          0
          If we compare the territory and reserves, in the Levantine basin there is a maximum of 3-3,5 trillion cubic meters of gas.


          It’s hard to say exactly how many there are. But for some reason I’m sure that there are no deposits with a volume of 5 or more trillion m3. If there were such, the whole world already knew about them.
    2. Besoffner
      Besoffner 23 January 2014 13: 22
      0
      Quote: Egen

      So Russia took the first step - prevented military intervention in Syria by means of a "chemical initiative" :). But with further something IMHO pulls: (Geological exploration is a long process, although 3 billion rubles - the money for it is considerable, but not large ... It would be necessary to act faster, for example, in a year, in parallel, to drill exploratory wells based on the results of structural, or learn faster. Everything in the world changes very quickly, no matter how fast :(

      I think there is an undercover struggle, plus bidding with Cyprus, Israel and those who stand behind them. After all, there is a theme to take not only the Syrian part of the field, but in general, everything. Syria, Cyprus, even Israel, Russia is now in great need. Plus, Erdogan has little choice. Let it be with reluctance, but you have to go forward. That is, Russia has awesome prospects ahead. The main thing here is not to miss and use it correctly
  6. shelva
    shelva 22 January 2014 10: 21
    +2
    This is an acute geopolitical issue. It is necessary to strengthen the Russian presence in the Middle, otherwise others will strengthen there. Russia extracts coal on Svalbard, why?, Is it not enough of its own? And then the Middle East and even the "land" for our fleet.
  7. brainkiller
    brainkiller 22 January 2014 10: 23
    +1
    What is characteristic is the talk about the sea shelf. Building platforms is harder, but they are safer from the point of view that, looking at the environmental consequences, no one dares to strike at them, you can’t say anything cleverly.
    1. Deniska
      Deniska 22 January 2014 10: 57
      +1
      YES and Aborigines with Kalash on camels will not come running ...
  8. Krasnoarmeec
    Krasnoarmeec 22 January 2014 10: 56
    +2
    Quote: Samaritan
    Gladish and gain a foothold in the Mediterranean, in Syria, they are already introducing Russian into schools!


    Yes, a military base in this region would not hurt us.
  9. Dardanec
    Dardanec 22 January 2014 11: 18
    +1
    Quote: Romn
    Bashar Assad simply once again secured himself, now after the signing of the treaties, Russia is not only fundamentally, but also very profitable to support Assad, and the supply of military equipment will now be not free, but barter. We give you equipment, you give us hydrocarbons! This is not a very bad factor, thanks to Russia.

    Yes, now there is a real chance to ensure an economic recovery in a country in which arms are supplied for very serious amounts of money and all on credit. And the exploration and further development of gas and oil fields is also an opportunity to receive loans issued in real money. There are many pluses, the main thing now is to bring what you have started to mind and will not stop halfway ... good
  10. shelva
    shelva 22 January 2014 11: 25
    +2
    It will be very good if Europe does not receive the Iranian oil conquered as planned, but the Syrian oil we have obtained. For the West, it's a "great bummer."
  11. 31231
    31231 22 January 2014 12: 33
    +1
    It’s like in the Caspian. Turkmens are gundos that Azerbaijan is allegedly developing oil and gas in disputed territories, and Azerbaijan and Russia are poofing these screams. So here, Syria, with the help of Russia, wants to stake out a part of the Eastern Mediterranean, and on the other hand, Israel. And the poor Lebanon will suck his paw. So say after this that Assad will not benefit Syria. The Asad family made close friends with Russia, now the Russian Federation is helping it stake out the offshore fields.
    Aw, independent? Soon you also have the Black Sea, the Turks and Romanians can begin to squeeze.
    In general, of course, deposits in the Eastern Mediterranean are not a gift.
  12. typhoon7
    typhoon7 22 January 2014 13: 52
    +2
    Quote: RETX
    Benefit should be in the foreground. Both to us and to them. Then you can talk about in the long run. With ideology already played enough.

    The Mediterranean region, this is the benefit, the military base, oil and gas production, transportation. Here it will be possible to deal specifically with economics, geopolitics, and military politics. Influencing the politics of the Middle East, North Africa and Europe, and while the States get stuck in the Pacific, it’s a sin not to use it. Oleg thanks an interesting article. +
  13. moremansf
    moremansf 22 January 2014 14: 00
    +2
    Why not !!! For how many years the USSR has supported various regimes without receiving anything in return ... and here we have mutually beneficial cooperation ... a good and timely solution to the problem ... well, it's a pleasure for "strategic" partners !!!
  14. Leshka
    Leshka 22 January 2014 15: 36
    +1
    West screwed up with Syria
  15. papuasimus
    papuasimus 22 January 2014 16: 55
    +1
    It’s high time to start developing the shelves. And not only in Syria. More important is Vietnam (sales to China) and East Siberian (for Far East and Japan). But in the future it will not be bad and will return to the shores of Iraq.

    Poor, unfortunate West ...... They don’t know how to change their fucked-up pants after Assad’s fortification, and here’s the development of the shelf ..... with arms supplies
    (But smart, mongrel-yapping, quickly cut through the faq to the jama)
  16. nazgul-ishe
    nazgul-ishe 23 January 2014 01: 28
    -1
    Yes, help this Syria just out of harm.