Military Review

China and territorial conflicts

31
China and territorial conflicts

In recent decades, China has repeatedly demonstrated its territorial claims to neighboring states - the USSR, Japan, Pakistan, Vietnam, India, etc.


15 January 1974 of the year - a special day in stories conflict in the South China Sea. Exactly forty years ago, at dawn, Chinese “fishermen” began to land on the islands of Robert, Mani, Duncan and Drumon of the Croissant of the Paracel archipelago. On this clear and quiet morning they sailed to these islands by no means to escape the storm there, or to make the necessary repairs. Their goal was to raise on these tiny and waterless Vietnamese islands (then they were under the control of South Vietnam) the flag of the People's Republic of China and thereby provoke a conflict situation.

They acted according to the scenario tested as early as 1959 - then also the Chinese “fishermen” landed on these islands and even raised the Chinese flag, however, at the first appearance of the South Vietnamese border guards, they all had to quickly retreat. However, this time the situation began to evolve in a completely different scenario. When the South Vietnamese authorities discovered that the “fishermen” arrived began to erect outbuildings and raised the national flags of the People's Republic of China on the islands of Robert, Mani, Duncan and Drumons as a sign of sovereignty over them, they tried to fight back by sending a group of border guards there. As a result of January 16 – 17 “fishermen” without weapons were expelled from the islands of Mani and Robert by the South Vietnamese sea guard, who tore the flags of the PRC.

But further events took a completely different turn than before: On January 17, warships with Chinese marines concentrated in Parasell were sent to the conflict area. On January 19, they began shelling the islands of Robert, Monya and Pattl, and on January 20 a Chinese landing force was landed on them and on Duncan Island. The day before, Drumone Island was captured, where South Vietnamese were ambushed by the Chinese military. The defense of the islands was quickly suppressed, as the balance of forces in the conflict was clearly unequal, with the great advantage of the Chinese side. The Chinese fleet dominated the sea and, after several clashes, pushed the South Vietnamese guard ships from the islands. In this case, according to some reports, both sides lost one ship.

Attempts by the South Vietnamese regime to find support from the American military and political leadership failed. American ships unobservedly watched the rout of their recent ally’s troops, supporting only the evacuation of several island garrisons. Thus, in just a few days, the military operation on the islands was completed, and by the evening of 20 in January of 1974, Beijing established full control over the entire Paracel archipelago.

Then in January 1974, this event was not for long in the center of interest of the world community. This is understandable: the Americans did not want to draw attention to Beijing’s aggressive actions, since, in theory, it was they who were obliged to support their South Vietnamese allies. But in 1971, Secretary of State Kissinger visited Beijing, and in 1972, the People's Republic of China and the United States signed the Shanghai Joint Communiqué, which opened the era of cooperation between the two countries in confronting the “Soviet threat”. The Americans saw an ally in China in the “cold war” against the USSR, and for Beijing, new relations with the US not only opened up the possibility of overcoming international isolation and a host of other advantages, but also provided favorable conditions for resolving the conflict in the Paracel Islands militarily.

The PRC authorities rightly believed that the prospects for joint opposition to the USSR were much more important for Washington than the fate of several small and deserted islands of the South China Sea, and for this reason, the Americans would “close their eyes” to the Beijing military action. This is what happened. And if we analyze the whole course of events, then we can say that China acted with the tacit consent of the United States. Therefore, in the American press, and therefore in the global media, we tried to comment on these events as quickly as possible and imperceptibly.

Today it is absolutely clear that these military clashes, which can rightfully be called a blitzkrieg, were not even of local or even regional importance. In a sense, they were one of the first evidences of China’s return to an active foreign policy aimed at attaching to the “heavenly” all those territories that were supposedly lost by it during the so-called historical weakness of China in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. In addition, the attack and the seizure of Paracel became the first military conflict in the history of disputes over the islands of the South China Sea. The flights of bombers and the fire of ships showed that the contradictions around the islands of the South China Sea had moved from a latent and mostly virtual state, so to speak, to a conflict on the maps, into a real “hot conflict”.


Analyzing today these events it is interesting to trace how carefully China prepared for a military capture of the islands. Having received, apparently still in 1972, the tacit consent of the Americans to seize the islands, they did not hurry in Beijing to conduct the operation and looked for a convenient excuse to begin the aggression. He was found when the government of South Vietnam in September 1973 decided to include the islands of Paracel and Spratly in the structure of Phyoktui province. China did not immediately state its position on this decision of the South Vietnamese authorities. For nearly four months, the preparation of the military operation continued, and all this time, the PRC foreign policy department remained silent. It was only when everything was ready for a rapid military operation that people in Beijing recalled the September decision of South Vietnam, and the Chinese Foreign Ministry made an official protest against such "encroachment on its territory." Further events as we already know, developed rapidly.

The operation to seize Paracel in Beijing before and now is called nothing more than the restoration of China’s historical borders, the liberation of territories historically belonging to China. However, Beijing’s historical claims are at least dubious, on the contrary, there are many documents that in fact the islands were already part of Vietnam in the 19th century. It is known that the founder of the Nguyen dynasty, the emperor Zyalong and his successors showed an active interest in both the Paracel and the Spratly. By order of Emperor Zyalong, for example, in 1815 – 1816. A special expedition was sent to survey the Paracel archipelago and the sea routes in it1. In 1834 – 1836 The Vietnamese emperor Minh Mang instructed his officials to carry out mapping surveys of each of the islands of the Paracel archipelago and prepare a general overview of the surrounding waters, make maps, build temples and put signs on the islands to indicate their belonging to Vietnam. In 1847, Emperor Thieu Chi approved a report from the Ministry of Public Works, which states, in particular: “... since Hoangsha district is located in our territorial waters, we must, according to the general rules, send military ships to identify the sea routes” 2. During the period of French colonial rule in Vietnam, these islands were part of the Indochinese Union, which then united Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.

So it’s very difficult to talk about China’s historical rights to Paracela. Rather, another thing is important - in Beijing and in the 70-s, and now they are well aware of the important strategic importance of the islands for military control in the South China Sea, both in terms of the exploitation of fish stocks, and in the study of offshore oil and gas zones. In addition, the capture of Paracel has changed the geopolitical situation in the whole region of Southeast Asia. China opened a direct road further south to the Spratly Islands. After Parasell, they became the new goal of Chinese foreign policy and military efforts. Back in July, 1977, the Chinese Foreign Minister, Huang Hua, told Philippine representatives at the talks that “Chinese territory stretches southward to James stranded near Sarawak (Malaysia) ... You can explore for minerals as you wish. However, when the time comes, we will select these islands. Then there will be no need to negotiate, since these islands have long been owned by China ... ”.

These words of the Chinese Foreign Minister turned out to be in a certain sense prophetic. Already in the second half of the 80-s, Chinese warships appeared far to the south near the Spratly Islands, and the Chinese marines captured several important strongholds in this area of ​​the world. In 1995, they went ahead and placed Mishif reefs located near the Philippine island of Palawan under their control. This operation, like many subsequent attempts by the PRC to expand its presence on the Spratly Islands, has repeatedly placed the PRC and the Philippines on the verge of a real war.

Today, forty years later after the events described, it can be said with complete certainty that the little-known lightning war on distant islands, which didn’t find either wide international condemnation or even serious discussion, turned out to be a prelude to a new historical era, when the conflict in The South China Sea has evolved from a bilateral to a multilateral one with the inclusion of the Philippines, and later into a global one, when the United States has become increasingly involved in this conflict. This entire avalanche-like political process, which began after the seizure by China of Paracel, is another confirmation of the well-known observation that sometimes even a small pebble can cause a full-scale rockfall.

1 DocumentsontheHoangSaandTruongSaArchipelagoes / Vietnam News Agency, No. 055 / VNA, February, 25, 1988.r. Xnumx
2 Documents on the Hoang Sa ..., VNA, 1988, p. Xnumx
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  1. ReifA
    ReifA 21 January 2014 08: 49
    +19
    For me, 3 conclusions from the article:
    China is cunning, strong, on this occasion you can learn its tactics.
    The US will betray anyone and will not intervene if the "oppressor" is strong.
    "Soon" there will be a big turmoil with China in the center.
    Nothing new, but the fact of the capture of the islands was not familiar to me - thanks to the author.
    1. Romn
      Romn 21 January 2014 10: 41
      +8
      The more enemies China has, the better for us. Amerov switched to the Pacific region, aggravating the Japs reduces, India shakes so she bought weapons from us ...
      The main thing here is to act on advancing the interests of countries and politics in this cauldron, and not correctly letting China confirm itself ... But at the expense of China’s cunning, I doubt it’s more like cowardice, uncertainty, dependence, dopplency. Do you remember a strong China, for example, such that it would have a different point of view than most, even in Syria it was simply in solidarity with Russia ?? he does not rock on those in whom he feels strength.
      And now it’s starting to feel a little certainty, and this is bad, because of his stupidity he can break firewood, also that a monkey can give weapons. China simply acts in its own interests, depends on many countries that transferred production to its territory and, as a result, cannot bite with them, which is why it does not put forward special requirements. There is no special trick in his actions, there is the usual logic ...
      1. ele1285
        ele1285 21 January 2014 17: 14
        +2
        Quote: Romn
        China just takes advantage

        Here is the most important phrase, the rest of the husk, about stupidity, dependence, can’t bite. Who can give a 100% guarantee that China will not redeem some of the enterprises, will not nationalize some? As long as we are lucky that this dragon looks at Yu.V. Asia. Under the noise and quiet glanders, he will still do so much, we will be very surprised. There is really nothing to oppose China to Yu.V. Asia, is it still afraid of America, and if it is deflated? And we don’t remember the strong China, so it does not say at all that it cannot but be.
      2. Arhj
        Arhj 21 January 2014 17: 41
        +3
        Probably the main thing is not to be in the center of this serpentaria by yourself.
        And about the cowardly China does not agree. A fanatic cannot be cowardly, but they are fanatics, capable and ready for anything if the party and government ask.
        And who should China be afraid of if it does not have opponents capable of confronting it alone, but they cannot agree among themselves.
    2. operrus
      operrus 21 January 2014 11: 01
      +5
      China's policy is a quiet, systematic absorption of neighboring territories, and it is easier to absorb islands. Do not forget that, despite our exchanges of territories with China, the demarcation of the Russia-China border is incomplete, which leads to reflection, China is waiting for a convenient reason to seize and its appetites are good. The Far East, Sakhalin, Eastern Siberia are what they Believe used to belong to China.
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 21 January 2014 11: 22
        +4
        Uninhabited archipelago in the South China Sea, consisting of small islands and reefs. It is located 230 km south of China (from Hainan Island) and 200 km east of Vietnam.
        The islands are located on the territory of approximately 250 per 100 km. Largest Paracel Islands: Fr. Patl, about Brighton, Crescent Island, Fr. Lincoln. All islands are low, composed of coral sand and covered with stunted vegetation.

        The islands are really controversial, and the one who is stronger in the dispute is right.
        Russia, in relations with China, must take into account the gradual increase in the territorial appetites of its eastern neighbor, as its economic and military power accumulates.
      2. Vovka levka
        Vovka levka 21 January 2014 11: 27
        +5
        Quote: operrus
        China's policy is a quiet, systematic absorption of neighboring territories, and it is easier to absorb islands. Do not forget that, despite our exchanges of territories with China, the demarcation of the Russia-China border is incomplete, which leads to reflection, China is waiting for a convenient reason to seize and its appetites are good. The Far East, Sakhalin, Eastern Siberia are what they Believe used to belong to China.

        100%, they need resources, for China it is a matter of survival.
        1. Corsair5912
          Corsair5912 21 January 2014 22: 38
          -1
          Quote: Vovka Levka
          100%, they need resources, for China it is a matter of survival.

          The Chinese have not mastered the 2 / 3 territory, where it is full of all kinds of resources, they do not have enough for the development of brains and hard work.
          China has the xnumx place in the world in terms of mineral reserves. This is in total, and in terms of coal reserves 3 place in the world, in terms of oil reserves 1 place in the world. Iron ore reserves of more than 9 billion tons. Rare earth reserves are about 50% of the global total. Antimony reserves account for 80% of global reserves. Tungsten reserves are 40 times greater than global reserves.
          Do not climb into foreign lands, the most important condition for the survival of the Chinese.
          1. Sergey XXX
            Sergey XXX 22 January 2014 01: 47
            +4
            I hope in a jet with you it seems to me that China, not looking far (but not forgetting the distant), is concerned about the urgent problems of strengthening its positions along its own perimeter. In fact, these actions are all in a hidden form aimed at squeezing the United States and reducing its influence. A little hen is pecking, everything is being done so that the day would come when the countries of the region would look into China's mouth, and not the United States. And about the belittling of China (according to other comments) - it’s in vain, they have thousands of years of experience and traditions of statehood, and with a different worldview from the West, while I doubt that they need expansion for the sake of expansion.
            1. Corsair5912
              Corsair5912 22 January 2014 10: 34
              0
              Quote: Sergey XXX
              And as for the belittling of China (according to other comments), it’s in vain, they have thousands of years of experience and traditions of statehood, and with a different worldview from the West, while I doubt that they need expansion for the sake of expansion

              Not only China is developing and strengthening its position, but also other countries of the world, and even more effective than the Chinese.
              The Chinese have no millennia of experience, all the tales of the antiquities of China are based on their lack of reliable chronology and dating of historical events.
              Russian statehood is not nearly younger than Chinese.
              Without the military intervention of the USSR in 1945, they would still be in Japanese occupation, and without economic and scientific assistance they would be a backward agrarian country, that’s all their traditions and worldview.
              1. Sergey XXX
                Sergey XXX 23 January 2014 00: 28
                +1
                We describe the donkey holding on to different limbs, and I agree with you, but what I wanted to say about China can be seen from comparing it with other young people, such as Ukraine, etc. ..., (I didn’t even want to offend the brotherly people), that is, somewhere in Africa, if you don’t impose a progressive social system, you’ll get the jungle, and China just pushed and this was enough despite almost a hundred years of war and oppression .
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. sevtrash
      sevtrash 21 January 2014 11: 07
      +7
      Back in 1950, China captured Tibet. Since then it has become much stronger. But China will have an economic crisis ahead, someday it will be, all technologies are from the West. And then you need an external enemy and victory over him. Russia has only one option for preventing aggression - an adequate nuclear component. China should know that in case of aggression there will be no doubt, the strike will be dealt and it will be effective.
      True, there is another adversary - the United States, which is developing missile defense systems, RIM 161 SM3 missiles can now shoot down warheads, and launch is possible from ships, destroyers, cruisers. The Chinese copy masters seem to have stolen information on F35 as well. They can steal and missile defense.
      Russia needs to maneuver between two tigers and have an effective nuclear club.
    5. Lapotnik
      Lapotnik 21 January 2014 17: 46
      +2
      This conclusion has matured for me for a long time. Unfortunately, many believe in fairy tales in the good-natured neighbors of the Chinese, with whom we can not argue.

      Unfortunately, the biggest dispute between China and Russia is precisely between Siberia and the Far East.

      Somehow I read this opinion on the site - the Chinese army was not in real conflicts, it didn’t smell gunpowder, so to speak. Reading this article, I think - the Chinese may not need to especially smell the gunpowder ...

      Once again I will say one thought - we are so worried about the struggle with the overseas enemy and his jackals in Europe that we would not miss a "friend" at our side.
      1. Vovka levka
        Vovka levka 21 January 2014 19: 59
        0
        Quote: Lapotnik

        Once again I will say one thought - we are so worried about the struggle with the overseas enemy and his jackals in Europe that we would not miss a "friend" at our side.

        Gold words. The mirage of the allegedly lost Cold War blinds and leads to wrong conclusions.
        There is still time, but there is not much left, and this must be understood.
      2. KC4E
        KC4E 15 May 2014 07: 55
        0
        I agree with you.
    6. The comment was deleted.
  2. mamba
    mamba 21 January 2014 09: 11
    +12
    You can conduct mineral exploration as you wish. However, when the time comes, we will select these islands. Then there will be no need to negotiate, since these islands have long belonged to China ...
    ... in Beijing, they were in no hurry to conduct the operation and were looking for a convenient excuse to start the aggression.
    China is distinguished by snake aging and tiger treachery. Do not miss the ears even slight hints of his interests in Russia. It’s just that the Chinese are not doing anything. And what they have already done is more than enough to start urgently strengthening our defense in the Far East. It seems that for China, the existing delineation treaties with Russia are only temporary.
    1. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 21 January 2014 11: 31
      +2
      Quote: mamba
      It seems that for China, the existing delineation treaties with Russia are only temporary.

      Who would doubt that.
  3. rugor
    rugor 21 January 2014 09: 27
    +6
    Events of bygone days, new "situations" will develop according to a different scenario. And about the habits of China I will say that this right is strong and it worked at all times and no one canceled it.

    You need to be stronger, comrades.
  4. dark_65
    dark_65 21 January 2014 09: 49
    +1
    China has been, is, and will remain (if China itself remains) a long-term adversary of Russia as the best "friend" in Asia. Let's live and see.
    1. avg
      avg 21 January 2014 11: 11
      +3
      How much they fed and built this "friend" from the 30s to 60s, and how much he stole then, and then from the 90s to the present. Perhaps the world history does not know a greater freebie. request
      1. rubin6286
        rubin6286 22 January 2014 18: 27
        0
        Russian with Chinese brothers forever,
        The unity of peoples and races is growing stronger
        And as a single, simple person
        Stalin and Mao are listening to us.
        Moscow-Beijing, Moscow-Beijing,
        Go-go go peoples
        Moscow-Beijing, Moscow-Beijing,
        For happiness and freedom!
        1. Corsair5912
          Corsair5912 22 January 2014 20: 27
          +1
          Quote: rubin6286
          Russian with Chinese brothers forever,

          My late grandmother, she died in the 1958 year, said that in their Old Believer books it was written that there would be a war with China, and then the End of the World and the Last Judgment.
          In those years, China and I were "brothers forever" and this prophecy seemed ridiculous.
  5. svskor80
    svskor80 21 January 2014 09: 52
    +2
    The Americos already have several marked cards up their sleeve for China, both economically, politically and militarily. China is highly vulnerable both inside the country and, plus, makes a lot of ill-wishers abroad. Deepening conflicts and territorial claims with such baggage is simply dangerous.
  6. The gentleman
    The gentleman 21 January 2014 10: 01
    +2
    if in the last century China captured certain territories, then already in the 21st century they are already taking in quantity. and taking into account that the Chinese authorities allowed 2 children each, now the conflicts will be real and the corresponding seizure of the nearest territories is quite real. at the same time, China’s actions are more aimed at restoring the Chinese empire and establishing the latter in all corners of the world.
  7. Lelek
    Lelek 21 January 2014 10: 26
    +3
    All these "conflicts" on small islands are a test of strength on the part of China. Say, we'll see what your reaction will be. The reaction was extremely sluggish. South Korea is running out of strength and resources, and the Americans are used to raking in the heat with someone else's hands, but their (someone else's) hands are not visible in this region. So, China will be impudent. bully
  8. AVV
    AVV 21 January 2014 10: 28
    0
    With a quiet glanders, China is pursuing a policy of seizing foreign territories !!! Be on the alert for people, or even the eastern east will be under China !!!
  9. gladiatorakz
    gladiatorakz 21 January 2014 11: 06
    +1
    We'll have to tinker with China very soon. The war for the Far East will be loved. Ideally, drive them back behind the "Chinese" wall, but for this you need to do a lot at home. Fight alcoholism, drug mafia, bring the people's government to power, etc. Then Union 2 will be strong and strong.
    1. 787nkx
      787nkx 21 January 2014 17: 45
      0
      It is impossible to defeat China in a full-scale war.
      1. Corsair5912
        Corsair5912 22 January 2014 12: 42
        0
        Quote: 787nkx
        It is impossible to defeat China in a full-scale war.

        It is impossible not to defeat China, it is extremely vulnerable to WMD, just look at the map of population density to understand this.
  10. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 21 January 2014 13: 04
    +1
    Unlike us, they train, prepare, accumulate experience (at the same time they do not disdain to study the experience of others), and so far we only ... think. Thank God, at least we started talking about bases, but this is only talking.
  11. negeroi
    negeroi 21 January 2014 15: 37
    +2
    Until Kiyat has an effective missile defense and there will be no war. And it’s hard to decide on a nuclear war and missile defense. And all the training of the Chinese army will not eat up an egg, in a nuclear war. And there will be no other between the Russian Federation and China.
  12. negeroi
    negeroi 21 January 2014 15: 56
    +5
    Damansky is of course a direct rebuttal, but it was yesterday. Yesterday there was a war with Germany that the United States and British pitted us. Will we fight again to please them? In principle, for the golden billion, a nuclear war in the northern hemisphere is the most desirable scenario.
  13. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 21 January 2014 17: 48
    +3
    For example, the Chinese and Vietnamese have an ancient, I would say, centuries-old enmity since the attempts of the conquest of Vietnam by the Chinese dynasties.
    The Vietnamese even have a saying: "If you meet a cobra and a Chinese on the trail, kill the Chinese first, and then the cobra."
    Therefore, the first thing that the Vietnamese did after the end of the Vietnam War, when the need for Chinese aid disappeared, was to evict all the ethnic Chinese, "Huyatsiao", who controlled almost all trade. And then they began to build their own micro-empire, which included Laos and Kampuchea Pol-Pot, which was defeated by the Vietnamese army and until 1989 in Cambodia there was a 100-strong Vietnamese military contingent.
    Naturally, China did not tolerate such behavior, and in 1979 the Vietnam-China War, the first "socialist war", began. True, the Vietnamese People's Army was the most powerful army in Southeast Asia, having 34 years of experience in war with countries such as France, the United States, and even armed with modern Soviet weapons. The Chinese army, on the contrary, was weakened by the "cultural revolution", had no combat experience (the last major war, the Korean one, ended in 1953), armed with outdated weapons, military exercises had not been conducted for a long time, etc. Therefore, the Chinese had no choice but to use the tactics of "human waves". And all this taking into account the fact that the Chinese were mainly opposed by border guards and militias, since the main forces of the APA were in Cambodia, fighting the Khmer Rouge. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the position of the USSR, which unequivocally hinted to China that it would intervene in the conflict in the event of further advancement of Chinese troops and arranged the supply of the latest weapons to Vietnam.



    Nevertheless, armed border conflicts on the Sino-Vietnamese border flared up in the 1984 and 1988 years.
    Now the situation has changed a little, however, Vietnam considers China its main adversary.

    Vietnamese patrol ship HQ-011 Đinh Tiên Hoàng of project 11661E ("Gepard-3.9") and Chinese frigate Huangshan of project 054A. Gulf of Tonkin 20.06.2013/XNUMX/XNUMX
  14. Leshka
    Leshka 21 January 2014 18: 23
    +1
    they have special plans for us
    1. alone
      alone 21 January 2014 20: 04
      0
      Quote: Leshka
      they have special plans for us


      They have special plans for everyone. Russia is no exception.
  15. Megre
    Megre 21 January 2014 19: 01
    +1
    At the end of the 80s he talked with officers who took part in the hostilities in the border conflict on Damansky Island in 1969. Opinion about Chinese soldiers and officers: Extremely harsh, fanatical, not stinging their soldiers (what to say about the soldiers of the enemy). GENERAL OPINION EXTREMELY SERIOUS OPPONENT. And this at a time when the army of the Soviet Union was the STRONGEST ARMY OF THE WORLD.
    PS My opinion is that China is our MAJOR OPPONENT, FOR I WILL APPLY FOR OUR TERRITORIES. Thanks to the authors of articles about the growing military power of China. These topics need to be raised. There is still time to prepare for a war with China or to prevent a war.
  16. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 21 January 2014 20: 41
    +1
    When the South Vietnamese authorities discovered that the arrived "fishermen" began to erect farm buildings

    When the Russian authorities discover how many outbuildings have been erected and bought by the Chinese in Russia, it may be too late.
    Quote: Novel 1977
    Therefore, the first thing the Vietnamese did after the end of the Vietnam War, when the need for Chinese aid disappeared, was to evict all the ethnic Chinese "Huyatsiao" who controlled practically all trade.

    But this is a good medicine.
    1. KC4E
      KC4E 15 May 2014 09: 12
      0
      Mikhail, you know, but it's too late. They are already dictating their economy to the Kremlin. To put everything in its own channels, you need to act boldly and promptly. But it doesn’t depend on us anymore. It's a pity.
  17. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 21 January 2014 21: 31
    +1
    China is not our friend!
  18. KC4E
    KC4E 15 May 2014 08: 45
    0
    The dispute between China and Japan is about Senkaku. China and Japan are long-standing enemies and rivals. Although in the 20th century Russia (the USSR) had 4 military conflicts with the Japanese, but at present, I personally, China are more afraid than Japan or the United States. Now China is increasing its armament and fleet at a rapid pace, but so far their fleet is not so strong, and Japan has a strong enough air force too. From a strategic point of view, the Japanese would now smash the Chinese fleet and naval aviation, and the United States with missile defense systems to protect Japan from Chinese missiles. And the Russian government and the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in no way support ivat KNR.Kitayskuyu army is necessary to weaken and destroy the PLA Navy (or to minimize), or otherwise, then all regret. PS In Soviet military institutions, China was listed as a potential enemy of N2, after NATO, despite the fact that it was then weakened.