Military Review

By submarine every year? Construction of diesel-electric submarines "Varshavyanka" for the Black Sea Fleet

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In September 2011, the Russian Ministry and the United Shipbuilding Corporation signed a contract for the supply of six diesel-electric submarines (DEPLs) of project 636.3 Varshavyanka. As then reported, these submarines will serve as part of the Black Sea fleet, the number of the underwater component of which is poor. Thus, over the coming years it was planned to restore the submarine forces of the Black Sea Fleet through the construction of new submarines.


By submarine every year? Construction of diesel-electric submarines "Varshavyanka" for the Black Sea Fleet


More than two years have passed since the signing of the contract for the supply of six submarines of the 636 project, and the first results can already be expected. According to available data, in the current 2014 year, the first two Varshavyanka diesel-electric submarines can be accepted into the Russian Navy, and the third will be put to the test. These are the submarines B-261 “Novorossiysk”, B-237 “Rostov-on-Don” and B-262 “Old Oskol”. In fact, the implementation of the current order began in the 2010 year, before signing a contract for a series of six submarines. It is easy to calculate that from the start of construction of the head submarine of the 636.3 project for the Russian Navy to its delivery to the fleet, almost four years will pass.

The laying of diesel-electric submarines Novorossiysk took place at the shipyard Admiralty Shipyards (St. Petersburg) on ​​August 20 of the year 2010. Construction began about six months later - at the beginning of the next 2011 year. At the beginning of the 2012, St. Petersburg shipbuilders completed work on a robust hull, and in the spring of next year, work began on connecting submarine units. Finally, in September last year, the Admiralty Shipyards began various works prior to the launch of the submarine. The Novorossiysk diesel-electric submarine was launched on November 28 2013. It is currently being tested. The exact timing of the adoption of the new diesel-electric submarines in the Black Sea Fleet remains unknown. Nevertheless, there is reason to believe that this will take place in the second half of this year.

The second submarine of the 636.3 project being built at the Admiralty Shipyards for the Black Sea Fleet is the Rostov-on-Don B-237 submarine. Bookmark this submarine held on November 21 2011 of the year. It is known that by now St. Petersburg shipbuilders have completed the assembly of the main structures of the new diesel-electric submarines. In the coming months, it is expected to launch and the start of sea trials. In the absence of serious problems, the Rostov-on-Don submarine can pass all the tests before the end of this year and in the last months of 2014, to replenish the combat strength of the Black Sea Fleet. At the same time, however, one should not exclude a less optimistic development of events in which the service of the new submarine will begin only next year.

The third diesel-electric submarines of the 636.3 project for the Russian Navy, B-262 "Stary Oskol" was laid on 17 August 2012. According to reports, work is underway on the assembly of various structures. The exact state of construction of the submarine, for obvious reasons, is unknown, however, the duration of the work and the timing of the appearance of the previous submarines of the project allow us to make some predictions. Apparently, by the end of 2014, the Stary Oskol diesel electric submarine will be launched and put to the test. Thus, her service in the Black Sea Fleet will begin no earlier than 2015 of the year.

Construction of the other three Varshavyanka submarines for the Russian Navy has not yet begun. According to some sources, last year the Admiralty Shipyards began preparations for the construction of the fourth submarine, which will be laid in the foreseeable future. Also this year construction of the fifth ship from the ordered six can begin.

The 636.3 project is a further development of the 636 project, which, in turn, was created on the basis of the 877 project. New submarines have a two-body design. The total length of the submarine - 73,8 meters, width - 9,9 m. The surface displacement of the new "Warsawwyanok", according to official data, is 2350 tons. Underwater - 3100 t (according to other data, more than 3900 t). The durable hull provides the submarine with a working depth of 240 meters and a maximum 300 m.

According to the available information, the new submarines are equipped with two diesel generators with an 1500 horsepower, one main rowing electric engine and one economic stroke electric motor. In addition, there are two backup diesel engines and two battery groups. Submarines are equipped with one seven-bladed propeller. These systems provide the submarine sufficiently high running performance. The surface speed of the submarine project 636.3 reaches 17 nodes. Submerged speed - up to 20 nodes. The range of navigation depends on the volume of fuel for diesel engines and the driving mode. So, with an increased fuel reserve at 7 speed, the submarine can go up to 7500 nautical miles. Under water, at an economic speed of a 3 node, the cruising range is reduced to 400 miles.

Armament submarines project 636.3 consists of six torpedo tubes caliber 533 millimeter. The two upper devices can be used as launchers of the Caliber-PL missile system. The volumes of the torpedo compartment allow you to transport up to 18 torpedoes or rockets. The proportion of a weapon in the ammunition should be determined in accordance with the combat mission. The Kalibr-PL missile system can use various types of ammunition with a range of up to 300 kilometers.

A characteristic feature of the submarines of all versions of the 636 project is low noise. In this parameter, the Varshavyanka boats surpass all previous domestic diesel-electric submarines, as well as a number of foreign ones.

Six new submarines will serve as part of the Black Sea Fleet. Not only the Black Sea, but also the entire Mediterranean region will become the responsibility zone of “Varshavyanki”. In recent years, several armed conflicts have occurred in various parts of this region, which have affected the situation throughout the Mediterranean. Thus, a relatively rapid update of the underwater component of the Black Sea Fleet will increase the potential of the Russian Navy in the south-western direction. Moreover, given the current state of the submarine forces of the Black Sea Fleet, the construction and commissioning of the 636.3 diesel-electric submarines will allow full resumption of combat work and patrols.

The construction of a series of six diesel electric submarines of the 636.3 Varshavyanka project will continue until approximately 2018. Thus, over the next few years, Black Sea sailors will receive literally a submarine a year. Of course, the complexity of the construction program of submarines may affect the final dates, but the completion of the Black Sea Fleet can be considered a resolved issue. The first confirmation of this will appear already this year - when the head submarine B-261 "Novorossiysk" will join the Russian Navy.


On the materials of the sites:
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
http://ria.ru/
http://interfax.ru/
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-722.html
Author:
Photos used:
RIA News
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  1. Azzi
    Azzi 21 January 2014 09: 14
    +4
    It was always interesting, will these submarines be able to pass the straits secretly in underwater position?
    1. Eugene 1475
      Eugene 1475 21 January 2014 10: 05
      +1
      Under the big ships!
    2. Foamas
      Foamas 21 January 2014 10: 29
      +11
      Do not underestimate the enemy, is it possible that the Turks and all NATO are so oaks ??
      It is impossible to pass the Black Sea straits unnoticed, a stationary underwater lighting system (FOSS) has been deployed for a long time with multiple duplication, the maximum is that during the preparatory period it is possible to make a passage with a subsequent separation, but during the war period the boat will be sunk in such an attempt.
      1. Azzi
        Azzi 21 January 2014 13: 38
        +2
        Too bad. Then we really really need a base in Tartus in order to keep a couple of boats based on rotation in the Mediterranean.
        1. Andrey77
          Andrey77 21 January 2014 14: 45
          -1
          Why feed other people's mouths? Bases need to be built at home. In the same Novorossiysk.
          1. skeptic
            skeptic 21 January 2014 15: 09
            +2
            Quote: Andrey77
            Bases need to be built at home. In the same Novorossiysk.


            The question is certainly interesting. Have you heard of such a natural phenomenon as "Bora"? This is a very serious problem, for the base in Novorossiysk, in fact, you need to build it covered, this is the only way to ensure the safety of ships in bad weather. In reality, the Black Sea Fleet can be effective only in local conflicts.
            1. Azzi
              Azzi 22 January 2014 08: 38
              0
              Ugum, join. The base must be taken out of the bay. During the northeast at the base site in my opinion the windiest place. At the very least, the nutap that is relatively close is closed by the first of the ports.
    3. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 14: 07
      -3
      Quote: Azzi
      It was always interesting, will these submarines be able to pass the straits secretly in underwater position?


      They won’t be able to. Even in peacetime. Surface ships and merchant ships pass through the narrownesses with the echo sounder turned on. As soon as the submarine turns on the echo sounder, it breaks the stealth, its main quality. The submarine that has lost stealth, all the more non-nuclear, lasts about 1 hour. the Bosphorus and Dardanelles are difficult. There is no question about the submarine. Considering the capabilities of the PLO of the Turkish Navy and its allies.
      1. cumastra1
        cumastra1 21 January 2014 15: 30
        0
        In peacetime they can’t. In the military - the straits will expand and deepen atomic bombs.
      2. cumastra1
        cumastra1 21 January 2014 15: 30
        0
        In peacetime they can’t. In the military - the straits will expand and deepen atomic bombs.
        1. gunnerminer
          gunnerminer 21 January 2014 15: 40
          0
          Quote: cumastra1
          In peacetime they can’t. In the military - the straits will expand and deepen atomic bombs.



          After the use of tactical nuclear weapons, the relief of the bottom of the pouring zone will change. Not one commander of the compound, commander of the unification, the Fleet Commander will not take responsibility for forcing the narrowness with the unexplored and not explored relief of the bottom and depths. Moreover, a blow to the pouring zone does not guarantee the destruction of all machines of the Turkish Air Force and their allies.
      3. bif
        bif 22 January 2014 03: 50
        +1
        Quote: gunnerminer
        The submarine, which has lost its secrecy, especially non-nuclear, will exist for approximately 1 hours

        And then what? Well, have you discovered that tourists or just onlookers will take a picture before surrender?
        “The Montreux Convention preserves the freedom of passage through the strait both in peacetime and in wartime for merchant ships of all countries. However, the regime of passage of warships is different in relation to the Black Sea and non-Black Sea states. Subject to prior notification by the Turkish authorities, the Black Sea Powers may navigate their warships of any class through the straits in peacetime.. For warships of non-Black Sea powers, significant class restrictions have been introduced (only small surface ships pass) and tonnage. The total tonnage of military vessels of non-Black Sea states in the Black Sea should not exceed 30 thousand tons (with the possibility of increasing this maximum to 45 thousand tons in case of an increase in the naval forces of the Black Sea countries) with a stay of not more than 21 days. In the case of Turkey’s participation in the war, and also if Turkey considers that it is directly threatened by war, it is granted the right to allow or prohibit passage of any military vessels through the straits. During a war in which Turkey is not participating, the straits should be closed to the passage of military vessels of any belligerent nation. The Convention eliminated the international strait commission provided for in the Lausanne Convention, with the transfer of its functions to the Turkish government.
        During the armed conflict in 2008 in South Ossetia, an American military vessel with a significant displacement entered the Black Sea. In this regard, the question arose about the applicability of the Montreux Convention .. "
    4. Panikovsky
      Panikovsky 21 January 2014 15: 29
      +4
      Quote: Azzi
      It was always interesting, will these submarines be able to pass the straits secretly in underwater position?

      the international legal regime obliges the submarines to pass the Black Sea straits in the surface.
      1. bask
        bask 21 January 2014 17: 52
        +2
        By submarine every year? Construction of diesel-electric submarine Varshavyanka for the Black Sea

        For the Black Sea Fleet, modern diesel-electric submarines are sufficient.
        The main thing that would be equipped with modern missile systems.
        And the number is not a minority of 20.
        клик
    5. andrey777
      andrey777 21 January 2014 18: 36
      +1
      Quote: Azzi
      It was always interesting, will these submarines be able to pass the straits secretly in underwater position?

      What are you talking about, of course they can, because Turkey is a NATO country that will be destroyed first of all for the passage of our submarines.
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. jjj
    jjj 21 January 2014 09: 24
    +2
    At one time, there was a technology for the withdrawal of nuclear submarines from Krasnoy Sormov
  4. egor 1712
    egor 1712 21 January 2014 09: 25
    +1
    Good news. It has long been necessary to strengthen the Black Sea Fleet and not only submarines ...
  5. Rudder
    Rudder 21 January 2014 09: 27
    +1
    I always thought that Varshavyanka was project 877, and halibut 636. Can someone explain?
    1. mamba
      mamba 21 January 2014 11: 39
      +4
      Quote: Rudder
      I always thought that Varshavyanka was project 877, and halibut 636. Can someone explain?

      Submarines of project 877 "Paltus" - a series of Soviet and Russian submarines built in 1982-2000.
      Submarines of project 636 Varshavyanka (NATO - Improved Kilo) - a type of multipurpose diesel submarines. They are an improved version of the export submarine of project 877EKM. The construction of the submarines of this project began in the mid-1990s.
      Both types of submarines are called Varshavyanka, since it was originally intended to equip the Navy of the Warsaw Pact countries.
  6. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 21 January 2014 09: 42
    0
    But it’s not worth stopping on six boats, at least you need so much more and then you can talk about a full-fledged cover for the region. But the boats, although not of a new project, are good, especially since the 677 for this theater is really big and for the Baltic too.
    1. patsantre
      patsantre 21 January 2014 14: 05
      +2
      677 is actually smaller than Warsaw.
  7. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 21 January 2014 10: 32
    +2
    They promised to lay the fourth DPL at the beginning of the year. Even the name slipped through - "Veliky Novgorod". Most likely they will coincide with the day of the submariner - March 19. On the same day, they promised to lay down one more "Borey" - "Alexander Suvorov". The launching of "Stary Oskol" was planned for November 2014. So there is still a possibility of commissioning all the first diesel-electric submarines.
  8. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 09
    -5
    Boats are being built. But there are no modern rescue vessels with modern deep-sea diving complexes. There are no modern submarine ship depots. There are no modern training centers (training stations). Crews of new buildings such as Maple-Severodvinsk, and A. Nevsky’s crew are exploring the materiel while operating it. .Due to the lack of modern training facilities corresponding to the above boat designs.
  9. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 36
    -1
    Submarines are being built, but the rescue vessel, the Commune, does not have decompression chambers on board to assist submariners. The CC Commune has recently been modernized, but they have forgotten about the decompression chambers.
    1. user1212
      user1212 21 January 2014 17: 15
      +5
      The commune is a carrier of underwater vehicles, not a diving vessel.
      1. gunnerminer
        gunnerminer 21 January 2014 18: 21
        -1
        Quote: user1212
        The commune is a carrier of underwater vehicles, not a diving vessel.


        The official name is SS Commune. SS is a rescue vessel. What kind of lifeguard, without decompression chambers, without the ability to help submariners?
  10. Antibrim
    Antibrim 21 January 2014 11: 54
    +1
    I wonder how they will be deployed in Sevastopol, new ships cannot be agreed upon, and in Novorossiysk such a base is good.
  11. moremansf
    moremansf 21 January 2014 12: 08
    +1
    So the Black Sea Fleet will finally replenish its ranks ... and the question of basing and infrastructure is interesting ... before the boats were based in Balaklava, now it is Ukraine ... It’s good to build ships, but coastal infrastructure is needed ... I don’t think that this question has not been worked out ...
    1. Andrey57
      Andrey57 21 January 2014 13: 04
      +3
      In Novorossiysk, almost another base is being completed, moreover, more than the entire previous part. In the summer, Shoigu hung Luli there for lagging behind the schedule, then just put the cameras on-line, with the conclusion to the Moscow Region, all the lags ended immediately laughing
      1. Andrey77
        Andrey77 21 January 2014 14: 50
        0
        The base is always good. But look at the Turkish coast. There is not one base and not two.
  12. AVV
    AVV 21 January 2014 13: 00
    +2
    Quote: 1c-inform-city
    But it’s not worth stopping on six boats, at least you need so much more and then you can talk about a full-fledged cover for the region. But the boats, although not of a new project, are good, especially since the 677 for this theater is really big and for the Baltic too.

    A lot is not enough, but to protect the interests of Russia in the Black Sea, as well as the Mediterranean, they are simply necessary, and they are exporting well !!! So much so that shipbuilders need more success !!!
  13. gispanec
    gispanec 21 January 2014 13: 32
    0
    6 diesel engines will be enough for the Black Sea Fleet .... then maybe, with the new air-independent system (if they are finalized at the research institute), 6 more pieces are riveted ... and the Nae tads in the Mediterranean will be fun ... and the question .... where will Kilo be based ??? and it is necessary to coordinate this with Ukraine ??
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 21 January 2014 14: 48
      0
      The Black Sea Theater is peculiar. Exit to the ocean under the control of Turkey. But there are no other competitors (sorry Ukrainians) in Russia.
  14. svp67
    svp67 21 January 2014 15: 02
    +1
    The news is good, but does it mean that they put an end to the "Lada"?
    1. Panikovsky
      Panikovsky 21 January 2014 19: 03
      +1
      not set. construction was resumed and VNEU will be installed from the third boat, if brought to condition.
  15. Power
    Power 21 January 2014 15: 37
    +2
    Here is our "Brazilian" - Give a pack of "gray wolves of Admiral Doenitz". We must swoop down on the enemy like piranhas, and having done our job, dissolve like ghosts in the black depths.
  16. KOSTYAN91
    KOSTYAN91 21 January 2014 16: 05
    +1
    Why should these boats leave the Black Sea somewhere if the NATO "metal detector" is standing at the exit? Let them be such crocodiles in the pond, if someone goes there again with star-striped thoughts :) Of course, it is convenient to go to the Mediterranean Sea, but the Turks will immediately find out about it and tell the Americans about it. I am not a couch warrior, but it seems to me that nuclear-powered ships will cope in the Mediterranean.
    1. Power
      Power 21 January 2014 16: 38
      +1
      When the fun of your Turks begins, they will conduct a bearing at the bottom with their metal detectors. wink
  17. Leshka
    Leshka 21 January 2014 17: 54
    -1
    at the Black Sea Fleet still throw ASHES at least 2 pieces to scare the Turks
    1. No Name
      No Name 21 January 2014 18: 31
      +1
      It makes no sense.
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 21 January 2014 21: 13
      0
      Quote: Leshka
      at the Black Sea Fleet still throw ASHES at least 2 pieces to scare the Turks

      Why not relocate the loaves (949 project) from the Northern Fleet, here the Turks would be crazy - to 16 "Volcanoes" of "Moscow" another 48 "Granites" with 2 "Anteevs" ...
      At the Black Sea Fleet DEPL is enough, the Black Sea will not be enough for nuclear powered ships ...
    3. The comment was deleted.
  18. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 21 January 2014 21: 13
    +4
    The main use of diesel-electric submarines, in my opinion, will be, as in the good old days, in locking the Bosphorus for the enemy's naval deployment. Low noise and secrecy oblige this. Indeed, if something happens, this is the only gateway to the "southern puddle" of Russia. And the Varshavyanka will be enough to sink the Turkish frigates.
  19. konvalval
    konvalval 21 January 2014 23: 49
    +1
    With the loss of Crimea, strengthening the Black Sea enclave is vital. Therefore, the news is very good.
  20. allex77
    allex77 22 January 2014 13: 52
    0
    Good news!!! Thanks God, the rulers woke up, they remembered the fleet ...
  21. chudoudodelt
    chudoudodelt 22 January 2014 22: 07
    0
    Very well . et very good
  22. samoletil18
    samoletil18 23 January 2014 17: 12
    +1
    So far, China has more Varshavyankas than Russia.
  23. Power
    Power 26 January 2014 07: 11
    0
    In dashing years to different countries: twenty-something Varshavyank sold to different countries. Someone probably not richly enriched? And now we are building anew.