Military Review

Brazilian project Guarani

Brazilian project Guarani
Test firing from 30-mm ATK MK44 cannons installed in the AEL Sistemas UT30 BR turret of the Guarani machine

The flagship initiative of the Brazilian army, known as the Guarani project, is becoming the outline of the largest program for the development and production of ground-based equipment in South America and will definitely give considerable impetus to local industry. What is the state of affairs in this project today?

The Guarani project is one of seven long-term strategic arms development projects for the Brazilian army included in the 2008 Strategic Plan. According to this project, a family of modern combat vehicles made domestically and operated by the Brazilian army will be created.

The Guarani project (also known as VBTP-MR - Viatura Blindada de Transporte de Pessoal - Média de Rodas; the armored vehicle for transporting personnel - the wheeled middle class) will not only provide the army with armored wheeled vehicles, but also determine the country's capabilities in designing, manufacturing and support that ultimately helps it compete in the global market for armored vehicles.

Unprecedented opportunities

The curator of the Guarani project in the General Staff of the Brazilian army, Lieutenant Colonel Claudio Martins said that these works are "unprecedented" for the country.
He noted that the project aims to modernize the motorized infantry units of the Brazilian army, as well as the transformation of some infantry units into mechanized brigades. According to plans announced at the end of 2009, the army can purchase 2030 a year before 2044 machines with a total value of 2,6 billion euros (3,34 billion dollars).

“The Guarani project encompasses a whole subfamily of middle-class cars with the following options: intelligence; Armored personnel carrier; mortar set; evacuation; command post; anti-aircraft installation; fire control center; mine clearance; and sanitary, ”explained Martins.

These options will be wheeled vehicles, either in the configuration 6x6, or 8x8, but the total number of vehicles of each model and their purpose has not yet been finally determined. According to Martins, there is also a subfamily of light cars. It includes options: intelligence; anti-tank; easy mortar installation; radar; command post; and the car of advanced observers. It will be wheeled cars 4x4.

However, the first option that comes down from the production line should be an BTR in the 6x6 configuration; starting from 2015, it will begin to replace the EE-11 Urutu and the BBM EE-9 Cascavel armored vehicles, which were once manufactured by the local company Engenheiros Especializados (Engesa) and were in service for about 40 years.

Engesa stopped production of Urutu in 1987, and in 1993, the company went bankrupt, putting the Brazilian defense industry on the verge of extinction. Since then, the Urutu and Cascavel vehicles went through the necessary upgrades so that they could remain in the army until about the 2020 year, when the VBTP-MR 6x6 vehicles would go into service in large quantities.

From the outset, the modular principle was embodied in the design of the machine. Suspension and dual steering modules will simplify the transition from the 6x6 wheel arrangement to the 8x8 scheme and other options. Modularity, of course, contributes to cost reduction, but the main savings come from the use of commercially available components.

In partnership

Initially, the project was overseen by the Department of Science and Technology of the Brazilian Army, until the Italian company Iveco Defense Vehicles came as a partner in 2007. The initial version of 6x6 will have a total mass of 18 - 20 tons, length 6,9 m, width 2,7 m and height 2,3 m.

Technical features of the car are as follows: automatic transmission; air conditioning; amphibious capabilities; night operations; transportation of up to eight soldiers plus three crew members — driver, gunner and commander; high speed on the highway and on various reliefs (maximum 100 km / h); transportability in aircraft C-130 and KC-390; armor protection to STANAG 2 (armor-piercing ammunition and anti-tank mines); low thermal and radar signatures; determination of laser irradiation; GPS or inertial navigation; low logistic dependence and ease of maintenance; large power reserve to 600 km.

VBTP-MR prototype testing

Video test immediately five machines VBTP-MR

“Currently, the prototype is being evaluated at the Center for Army Expertise in Rio de Janeiro,” Martins explained. “This prototype is undergoing advanced tests in order to guarantee the quality of the product and determine the necessary improvements in order to meet the requirements developed by the General Staff of the Army.”

Tests are necessary in order to ensure that new technologies in the new machine work efficiently, because for machine operators who have not previously exploited some of the newest systems, the “development” of the machine must pass without undue problems. Users must be trained in new battle management software that interacts with combat and communications systems integrated into the electronic structure of the machine.

“At the creation stage, each possibility of constructive improvements is considered, they are directly incorporated into the prototype, which was delivered to the Assessment Center in August 2011. His tests are scheduled to be completed at the Center at the end of 2013, ”he added.

This Guarani machine is equipped with a Remax locally developed combat module. You can install 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine gun plus 76-mm grenade installation smoke screen

VBTP-MR machine with remote-controlled combat module UT30 BR 30 with gun ATK MK44

Not a bad choice

New weapons systems will be as follows: manned turret; UT30 BR 30 remotely controlled combat module with an ATK MK44 cannon manufactured by the local Elbit division of AEL Sistemas; and a remote controlled module with a machine gun.

In September, AEL received an order worth approximately 2012 million dollars for manufacturing an unnamed number of UT15 towers to be installed on VBTP-MR machines, although Martins said that larger-caliber weapons might be available for the reconnaissance version.

To support large-caliber weapons, Ares (another local company owned by Elbit), in collaboration with an army technology center, produced a remote-controlled Remax module. You can install an 12,7-mm machine gun, a 7,62-mm machine gun and four 76-mm grenade smoke screen installations in the module. This module is the “first combat module developed and manufactured in Brazil.”

At the beginning of 2012, Ares announced that, in collaboration with the army, it successfully integrated Remax into a VBTP-MR machine at the Iveco plant in Sete Lagoas and the army purchases the first batch of towers in accordance with the 25 contract signed in October of the year.

These contracts are part of a 260 million-dollar framework contract signed by Elbit in January of 2011 for a few hundred UT30 BR 30 mm towers. The final number of towers and cannons is currently still under discussion, and ammunition will be produced at the local Brazilian Cartridge Company ammunition plant.

Guarani is not only a large machine development project, it is an equally large industrial project. Martins reported that it consists of several subprojects involving such issues as: R & D; integrated logistics; human resources; infrastructure; operational management; modeling; budget control; and environmental issues.

The scope and range of project work ensures that the Brazilian army not only learns to design and manufacture machines domestically, but also learns to manage a procurement program of this size, ranging from budget and personnel to infrastructure and material support schemes.
“The Guarani project means salvation for the local industry as a manufacturer and exporter of defense products,” Martins said.

Local production

Up to 60% of the cost of Guarani machines is expected to be produced domestically. This is potentially equivalent to about 90% of all parts in the car. Such a scheme helps develop local industry and more closely integrate it with the armed forces and other government agencies.

In-service training will begin in the 2014 year; The Brazilian army is developing its own simulators for these machines along with the corresponding operational doctrine. The army purchases components for the information management system abroad, but installs them on the machines on its own, and also conducts research to develop promising options.

Local production facilities called Iveco Veículos de Defesa at Sete Lagoas were built in the state of Minas Gerais for 23 million euros. The company received in August 2012 the first fixed order for 86 machines worth 118,7 million dollars and in December 2012 delivered the first five machines. More 49 machines are scheduled to ship this year and the remaining 32 pieces in 2014 year.

Martins said that the first vehicles will go into service with the 15 motorized infantry brigade in the city of Cascavel in southern Brazil near the border with Paraguay.

Guarani machine (VBTP-MR) from different angles

Materials used:
Land Warfare International June / July 2013
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  1. vomag
    vomag 17 January 2014 09: 32
    Everything seems to be fine, but the UT30 BR 30 module with the ATK MK44 cannon sticks up from the top like a bell tower!
  2. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 17 January 2014 11: 15
    There’s nothing to say about the curious apparatus.
    Structurally thought out well in terms of security and armament, but I would like to learn more about driving performance. And it would not hurt to throw photos of the inside view.
    After watching the video, I could not really learn anything.
    And as a whole the material is excellent, to the author +.
    I look forward to "Boomerang", I wonder what our guys will do there.
  3. the47th
    the47th 17 January 2014 12: 18
    Drive such a machine into favelas to disperse drug cartels.
    1. crazyrom
      crazyrom 18 January 2014 05: 18
      tacos are not allowed on favelas, a 30mm cartridge will shoot 15 houses with one shot and cripple a bunch of peaceful people. They build "houses" on favelas from single-layer bricks at the end, something like this:

      And they go to favelas like these:

      1. the47th
        the47th 21 January 2014 07: 53
        The gun can be replaced by an automatic grenade launcher with gas grenades.
  4. core
    core 17 January 2014 13: 52
    what is this technology, the protection of this box against anti-tank mines. fake.
    1. StolzSS
      StolzSS 17 January 2014 22: 00
      Yes, in general, fraud the sheer height of the barn rolls over, and the driving performance is slag ... which is why there isn’t such a new electric transmission in it .... The complete seams are shorter ((((
  5. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 17 January 2014 15: 26
    Well, the Brazilians have never been particularly trendsetters, but they have always produced good solid armored vehicles: The first and so far the only Brazilian armored personnel carrier before the VBTP-MR Guarani was the EE-11 "Urutu", developed by Engesa in 1970 and has been mass-produced since 1974. The vehicle was adopted by the Brazilian army and marines and exported to 20 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, including such as Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan, Venezuela, Tunisia, Cyprus. A feature of the machine is the ability to arm it with various types of weapons: from a machine gun to a 90-mm gun. As standard, the EE-11 Urutu is armed with a 12,7 mm Browning M2NV heavy machine gun. The body is welded from steel sheets. Bulletproof, anti-fragmentation armor. The machine is floating, movement afloat is carried out by rotating the wheels. No preliminary preparation for overcoming water obstacles is required. The car is equipped with a driver's night vision device, has a centralized tire pressure regulation system, which allows the driver to change the pressure in the wheels depending on the soil without leaving the car.

    From BRM we can recall the very commercially successful EE-9 Cascavel, developed by the same company Engesa and in the 1975 year, entered service with the Brazilian army.
    The machine was actively exported and, in addition to Brazil, was or was in service with the 20 states of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The success in the world market was facilitated by the simplicity and reliability of the EE-9 design, as well as the possibility of using an armored vehicle not only for armored reconnaissance, but also for direct support of its own troops and fighting enemy tanks. The machine is armed with an 90-mm smoothbore gun and an 7,62-mm machine gun coaxial with it . The same machine gun is used as an anti-aircraft gun. The gunner has a laser range finder mounted above the gun. The machine body is made of special armor: the outer layer is more durable, the inner layer is made of mild, viscous steel. The machine is equipped with a central system for regulating tire pressure, which allows you to change the pressure on the ground depending on the terrain.

    You can also recall the BRM EE-3 Jararaca, developed in the late 1970s by the same company Engesa. The EE-3 was created as a reconnaissance and patrol armored vehicle, and could also serve as a platform for anti-tank guided missiles and missiles. Unlike the EE-9 Cascavel and EE-11 Urutu, the EE-3 armored vehicle did not enter service with the Brazilian army, but was exported. The vehicle weighing 5200 kg is armed with a 12,7-mm machine gun; it can be equipped with various weapons: a 7,62-mm machine gun, a 20-mm cannon, a 60-mm mortar, a 104-mm recoilless gun or an ATGM "Milan". The body of the vehicle is made of special armor: the outer layer is more durable, the inner layer is made of soft, ductile steel, which protects the crew from being hit by fragments of armor that break off when shells hit it, even if it is not pierced. Four-cylinder diesel engine with 120 hp. provides movement at a speed of 90 km / h.
  6. Cruorvult
    Cruorvult 17 January 2014 17: 47
    With all due respect, the feeling that the last armored vehicles have been developed to punish banana republics where, apart from RPG-7 and T 62, there is nothing more. Just tall!
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 17 January 2014 20: 07
      The height of this machine is the pay for mine protection.
      Here is a photo of a scale model of our "Boomerang" (which is under development):

      The height is almost the same as the Brazilian.
  7. AGM-114
    AGM-114 17 January 2014 20: 41
    While the Brazilians were filming a normal APC, a simple Khriakov worker painted over Microcracks, and his Kurgan fellow crammed the BMP-2 tower onto a wheeled chassis trying to pass it off NONE OF ANALOGUES development.
  8. bublic82009
    bublic82009 19 January 2014 18: 24
    the car is high, the video shows how it slowly moves off the main road. which means tipping over of cars to one side is possible. the cannon feed belt is open. this means ammunition can be damaged in explosions nearby. and the base is short it’s not clear how they will overcome obstacles such as a trench.
  9. hitech
    hitech 20 January 2014 16: 10
    Quote: bublic82009
    the car is high, the video shows how it slowly moves off the main road. which means tipping over of cars to one side is possible. the cannon feed belt is open. this means ammunition can be damaged in explosions nearby. and the base is short it’s not clear how they will overcome obstacles such as a trench.

    So they definitely will not be able to do: