Military Review

Radar 55Ж6UM "Niobium"

In the State Armaments Program currently being implemented, great importance is attached to air defense assets. Before 2020, the troops of the aerospace defense and air defense of the ground forces will receive a large number of anti-aircraft missile systems, radar stations and other equipment. Defense industry enterprises that are part of the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern are engaged in the manufacture of both mastered technology and systems of new types. The latter include radar 55ЖХNNUMHUM "Niobium", which will soon go to the armed forces.

On the progress of the construction of the new radar station announces the release of the factory newspaper of the Nizhny Novgorod machine-building plant "Nizhegorodsky Mashinostroitel" from December 19 2013. According to the newspaper, last year the company produced nine sets of the Nebo-M radar, as well as the beginning of the construction of new Niobium production stations. In addition, in the near future, Nizhny Novgorod specialists will take part in the development of individual elements of these radar modifications, and then they will begin to make prototypes. The plan for the past year 2013 implied the manufacture of two sets of radios "Niobium". In the new 2014, the production of these systems will continue.

Radar 55Ж6UM "Niobium" is a further development of the systems of the "Sky" family, the development of which began in the second half of the eighties. Radar "Niobium" is designed to monitor the airspace, detect various targets and determine their coordinates. According to reports, the 55ЖХNNXXUM station is capable of finding and accompanying both aerodynamic (airplanes, helicopters, cruise missiles, etc.) and ballistic (missile warheads) targets. The equipment of the station allows you to detect the target, determine its coordinates and nationality and transmit information to the command center or anti-aircraft complexes. In addition, it is possible to find the sources of interference and determine their location.

Station "Niobium" is a direct development of the basic version of the radar "Sky-U" with a change in the composition of the equipment, made on the new element base. The project of a new radar station was developed by the Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering. The design documentation was prepared for the 2010 year, after which the construction of a prototype began. At the end of the same year, the first copy of the Niobium complex passed the customer’s acceptance, and in 2011, its tests started.

The radar 55Ж6УМ consists of several modules mounted on a wheeled chassis. It is an antenna-hardware complex, a control cabin with calculation stations and an autonomous power supply system with its own generators. After arriving at the position, the calculation of the radar station makes the deployment of technical means and their preparation for work. Some promotional materials contain ambiguous information about deployment time: the indicated time around 5 minutes looks doubtful. For comparison, the deployment of the Sky-U station takes more than 20 hours. Probably, an error has crept into the advertising materials on the Niobium radar, which is why the real time of system preparation exceeds the specified one several times.

As part of the antenna-hardware complex radar "Niobium" has an antenna with an active phased array, providing the complex high performance. Radar "Niobium" can control the airspace in the radius from 10 to 600 kilometers without azimuth restrictions. The maximum detection height of the target is 80 km at elevation angle from 0 ° to 30 °. When the goal is accomplished, the maximum elevation angle increases to 50 °. The maximum target speed at which its detection and tracking is possible is 8000 km / h. To ensure high detection performance, the altimeter and rangefinder stations operate in different ranges, in meter and decimeter respectively.

A conventional target with an effective dispersion area of ​​1 sq. Meters, flying at an altitude of 30 km can be detected at a distance of 430 kilometers. The electronics of the station "Niobium" has resolution in range up to 500 meters and in direction to the target up to 5,4 °. The mean square error in range for a target with an EPR of 1 sq. M is equal to 80 meters, and in azimuth is 15 minutes. The performance of electronic equipment allows you to simultaneously conduct up to 200 tracks. The rate of issuance of information - 10 with.

Several organizations are involved in the production of 55ЖХNNUMXUM Niobi radar stations. The final assembly is carried out by the Nizhny Novgorod machine-building plant. Some components produce related businesses. For example, the Novosibirsk plant Elektroagregat in the spring of 6, began the production of power supply systems for the new radar. This kind of collaboration will continue over the next few years.

In the near future, the production of serial radar stations of the Nebo family, including Niobium, will continue. Over the coming years, the armed forces will receive several sets of radar stations of various modifications.

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  2. AVV
    AVV 16 January 2014 10: 56
    Of course, I want a more mobile complex, just a change of location, this is one of the elements to counteract the detection and, accordingly, destruction of a station by an adversary !!! But everything is known in comparison, this station is better than previous versions !!!
    1. invisibility
      invisibility 16 January 2014 20: 26
      Mobile complexes have been around for a long time. 35н6, you can’t imagine a mobile one. And she seems to have made the FAR. 19ж6 is quite mobile. 35d6 too, if not on the pipe.
      And the stations are not bad enough. Modernization, modernization and once again modernization.
      In the Soviet stations stockpiled hoo. If only there is someone to do it.
  3. Same lech
    Same lech 16 January 2014 11: 01
    The final assessment of these complexes will put the adversary.
    1. invisibility
      invisibility 16 January 2014 20: 58
      I would not even tell the stations, but the operators of these stations.
      I immediately remembered about one year urgent now and was horrified ..
      1. invisibility
        invisibility 16 January 2014 20: 59
        Or more correctly, not only to the stations.
  4. jt_elven
    jt_elven 16 January 2014 14: 56
    Air lines under the castle!
  5. mountain
    mountain 16 January 2014 16: 18
    Now, not only drone but also the birds all counted. Wow.
  6. dustycat
    dustycat 16 January 2014 17: 45
    Why minus?
    It is still possible to understand what "allows you to run up to 200 tracks simultaneously".
    But what does "information output rate 10s" mean?
    Inability to process text translated by prompt?
    1. Skiff-2
      Skiff-2 16 January 2014 20: 11
      Quote: dustycat
      But what does "information output rate 10s" mean?

      The radar antenna rotates at a speed of 3 and 6 revolutions per minute (two modes), hence the time for updating information is 20 and 10 seconds, respectively, for all observed targets.
  7. mihai_md2003
    mihai_md2003 16 January 2014 19: 48
    It would be nice to compare the characteristics of the station with some modern means of attack, then it would be clearer what it can. Take say 5 types of targets such as tomahawk, bomber plane, stealth fighter plane, ballistic missile, medium-range missile. And to say how much it marks them, and to supplement with what these same marked goals can be brought down and with what probability. And this data in azimuth and angles is for the pros.
  8. scientist
    scientist 16 January 2014 23: 05
    Very good radar for air defense tasks. Most importantly, the Sky and Neoby meter range. Therefore, for them, the Stealth technology does not affect the detection range. The fact that they are released only a few pieces a year is alarming. If we take into account that there are more than one hundred RTV air defense units in the country, then at this rate the rearmament will last a century. So wait that holes in the air defense radar field will not be patched.
  9. niclparma
    niclparma 30 March 2014 23: 08
    Hmm, I was at that plant in the city of Pravdinsk, then it was the newest in the 90s 22zh6. I was glad to know that the plant was breathing, the number of radars depressing, and something is silent on which electronic element base this radar was created, what kind of base controller it is at the station, which, as usual, is silently shy about the number of automated targets for the Chinese with their outstretched hands This station can accompany.
    1. Vita_vko
      Vita_vko 31 March 2014 13: 40
      This radar has nothing to do with Pravdinsk. It was developed at the Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering (NNIIRT), where it is also produced. About 7 years ago I was at this enterprise. The culture and level of production technologies was an order of magnitude higher than the leading Moscow and St. Petersburg enterprises. Accordingly, the reliability of the radar is several times higher, even according to official data. But it’s really boring for military engineers on radars made in Nizhny to work, if a serious breakdown happens, it’s either a dozen years of operation or a soldier will crawl with a sledgehammer. As for the elemental base, I don’t know exactly the types, but almost all of Russia.
      TTX radars are unique and have no world analogues. Here are the main ones:
      Target Detection Area:
      - range - 600 km
      - by elevation - 70 hail
      - in height - to 600 km
      The number of measured target coordinates - 3
      The number of tracked targets - 200
      The deployment time (coagulation) of the complex - 15 min
      Mean time between failures - 1000 hours.
      There are still no characteristics on noise immunity, accuracy and resolution, but they are also very high.
      So NNIIRT has something to be proud of.