Military Review

Day of the creation of pipeline troops of Russia

50
Day of the creation of pipeline troops of Russia



14 January Pipeline troops of Russia celebrate their professional holiday. November 22 1951 Chairman of the Council of Ministers I.V. Stalin signed a Resolution on the manufacture of a prototype pipeline of a new generation, writes calend.ru.

The USSR Ministry of War and the Ministry of Oil Industry were instructed to conduct joint testing of the pipeline in the field. January 14 1952 of the year on the basis of the adopted Decree of the USSR Minister of War Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vasilevsky signed a directive, which prescribed the formation of the first separate battalion of fuel pumping. It is the date of the signing of the directive that was the birthday of the pipeline troops.

Gradually, the first divisions of the pipeline troops turned into regular troops, and by the end of the 80-s the best field collapsible trunk pipelines in the world were built. At present, pipeline troops are part of the Central Directorate of Fuel and Fuel and have no analogues in foreign armies.

For several decades, designers, engineers, pipeline soldiers, workers have created, developed and put into service various sets of field trunk pipelines that have no world analogues, machines for their installation and mobile pumping facilities.

Today, the main "weapons" of the troops are pipelines, pipe-mounting equipment and other means of mechanization of work, as well as special vehicles and communications. And their main task is to ensure the continuous delivery of fuel over long distances.

A serious test of the combat readiness of these troops was their work during the war in Afghanistan, on the territory of which field field pipelines with a total length of over 1200 km were deployed to supply fuel to the Russian troops; as well as during the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus.

The operational and competent work of the pipeline troops was repeatedly confirmed in peacetime during the aftermath of natural and man-made emergencies: putting out large forest fires and peat bog fires in recent years, eliminating the 1989 earthquake in Armenia and eliminating the accident at the Chernobyl NPP when it was Uninterrupted supply of a large amount of water (up to 4 thousand cubic meters) from the nearest reservoirs to maintain the operation of the concrete plant and other facilities on the territory of the nuclear power plant. In addition, all their actions have helped save many human lives.
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  1. Footmansur86
    Footmansur86 14 January 2014 10: 20
    -4
    Our elite))
    1. avt
      avt 14 January 2014 10: 43
      +34
      Quote: Footmansur86
      Our elite))

      Not heroic units, that's right. You can’t draw a bat on a pipe. Well And to wave wings without fuel to the point how, not weak? Or tank before refueling crew.
      Quote: Prapor Afonya
      Maybe the unit is not elite, and is constantly in fuel oil, but without the hardships of the modern world of oil engines, nowhere! So happy holiday!

      I join - with a holiday!
      1. Footmansur86
        Footmansur86 14 January 2014 11: 57
        +2
        Yes, we all like a pawn move except global conflicts)) A holiday is a holiday, Congratulations!

        P.S. as I read the headline, a picture popped up right there, a conscript soldier drags a snake-mountaineer through a platz))
    2. Petrol
      Petrol 14 January 2014 14: 30
      -4
      Quote: Footmansur86
      Our elite))

      hehe ... just like in the fairy tale "Black_mor is an evil sorcerer - with a long black beard (we can have an oil and gas pipe)))), which contains all his magical power. kidnapped the beautiful Lyud_mil_u))))))))
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Prapor-527
      Prapor-527 14 January 2014 19: 19
      +5
      Colonel-General V.V. Colonel-General V.V., continued attention was paid to the actions of the pipeline troops in Afghanistan by the heads of the Central Administration of Rocket Fuel and Fuel of the USSR Ministry of Defense (TsURTG MO). Nikitin, Lieutenant General N.N. Bazanov and V.A. Blokhin.
      The creation and use of the pipeline and storage system during the period of hostilities in Afghanistan paid off in full measure when providing troops with fuel.
      The main load on the transportation of fuel in the "district-army" link was borne by field trunk pipelines.
      Since 1985, when the development of the field trunk pipeline lines (PMTP-150, PMTP-100) was completed, the scheme for transporting fuel to the troops took on its final form. The main pipeline routes ran 2-30 m from the roadway, and in some sections up to 200 m. [1]
      In the eastern part of Afghanistan, in the Kabul direction, the main artery for supplying fuel was two lines of field trunk pipelines to the Hairaton-Bagram direction. The Turagundi-Shindand pipeline was deployed in western Afghanistan.
      Through field field pipelines with a total length of 1200 km, troops of the 40 army were supplied 5,4 million tons of oil products, which made it possible to satisfy the need for jet fuel by more than 90% and gasoline by 35%. [2]
      From fuel depots connected to field trunk pipelines, fuel was delivered to troops by 7-8 fuel delivery battalions.
      The process of creating and developing pipelines in Afghanistan can be divided into three stages:
      • initial - laying of field trunk pipelines for transshipment of fuel in two directions (Kabul and Shindand) with overcoming the border rivers Amu Darya and Kushka;
      • creation of a pipeline and storage system in the Kabul direction;
      • creation of a pipeline and storage system in the Shindand direction.
      1. Shur
        Shur 15 January 2014 19: 05
        +1
        Judging by the situation in the photo, these pipes were also sprinkled, so it was not "for nothing." Imagine how the pipes were pulled there ..
        1. Prapor-527
          Prapor-527 15 January 2014 20: 01
          0
          Everything was done there for real ...
    5. The comment was deleted.
    6. Nick
      Nick 14 January 2014 20: 54
      +1
      Quote: Footmansur86
      Our elite))

      Only without quotes ...
      Happy holiday guys! I wish you success in combat training and emergency response! And most importantly, that all your good deeds always have enough health!
      drinks
  2. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 14 January 2014 10: 21
    +7
    Pipeline troops ?! At first I thought a joke, but it’s like it!

    Thank you.
    1. Alex_Popovson
      Alex_Popovson 14 January 2014 10: 35
      0
      Hmm, that’s described ... I heard about them, but I always thought that they were either in the jurisdiction of the Engineers or the Specialists at all.
      Although all the same there should be such troops. Otherwise, how to distill gas abroad, pipes still need to be laid, maintained protect. Okay, I’m all messing around with the Holiday.
    2. morpex
      morpex 14 January 2014 12: 18
      +3
      Quote: Vasia Kruger
      Pipeline troops ?! At first I thought a joke, but it’s like it!

      What a joke! Pipes to the geyropu! Secretly! Suddenly! laughing
      1. Prapor-527
        Prapor-527 14 January 2014 19: 37
        +2
        What a joke! Pipes to the geyropu! Secretly! Suddenly! laughing/...This is already "Тrubo-Шtourmovies Бrigads "obeying"Гlavnoy Тrubo Уboard " laughing In short - we clean them pipes. loveBut seriously, - Happy Holidays, MEN !!! drinks
  3. ZU-23
    ZU-23 14 January 2014 10: 24
    +6
    Congratulations to the men! and I'm so retarded that I didn’t even know about such troops, as they say a lot of important things always remain behind the scenes.
    1. unclevad
      unclevad 14 January 2014 16: 54
      +5
      I only found out when forests and villages were burning in the summer. The guys worked hard and thanks to them a lot of things were quickly put out.
      Happy holiday!
  4. Soldier
    Soldier 14 January 2014 10: 31
    +1
    I heard about such, but believed that it was so-called. structural divisions ,, stroybata ,, and it turns out a separate branch of the armed forces. Maybe someone served, share your impressions?
    1. skullcap
      skullcap 14 January 2014 18: 03
      +11
      Quote: Armeec
      I heard about such, but believed that it was so-called. structural divisions ,, stroybata ,, and it turns out a separate branch of the armed forces. Maybe someone served, share your impressions?

      He wrote last year, but, apparently, our regiment arrived for those who missed, I repeat.
      In 1973-75, he served in the 32 separate pipeline battalion on the island of Kitz on the Oder River (part of the former city of Kustrin not far from Seelow Heights, where our recruits took the oath).
      Organizationally, the battalion was part of the 7 th separate pipeline brigade with headquarters in Fürstenwalde / Spree. In the brigade there were 6 (six) otbb, communication bn and 10 separate autobat (2 company of pipe carriers on Zyl-157, company of heavy pipe carriers on KrAZ-219 and 4-i company - rigging - truck cranes on Ural-XNUM base) . With the exception of 375's otbb, based in Strausberg, Roslau and Kitsu, everything else was located in Fürstenwalde.
      In addition to the headquarters with the communications platoon, otbb included 2 pipeline companies, a group for receiving and delivering fuel, and separate automobile and transport and economic platoons. Technique: pumping fuel stations (first PSG-75 based on GAZ-51, after a year of PSG-160 on Zil-130), pumping pumping plants ZCH-65 / 130 double-axle trailer, ZIF-55 compressors (for crimping), pipe trucks Zil -157K, trucks GAZ-66, truck crane LAZ-690, drilling and soil machine BGM-131 and more on the little things
      The task of our battalion was, if necessary, to stretch a few threads through the Oder to transfer all types of fuel for GSVG from the SGV. The rest of them solved their tasks, but the special members constantly emphasized that our sworn friends always followed the most attention where our trumpet tinkled, because that is where the direction of the main strike of the Group will be.
      I served in avtovzvod and watched pipeline workers from the side. For some reason, our great composers did not compose professional songs for them, so they bungled their drill themselves as best they could. She caused a smile, especially the chorus: “Twist the fastest pipe-rotation amicably platoon”. (With a whistle they tightened the nuts of the couplings connecting the adjacent pipes). But their work on the exercises during the laying of pipes and their dismantling caused respect, because at that time through their hands passed a lot of tons of iron. At the end of the day, they literally wobbled with fatigue. (As special forces after returning from exercises, this is personally for Footmansur86).
      From service in this battalion I have only good memories
      Quote: Kovrovsky
      In the SA, the waterborne troops had their own emblem: a piece of pipe with a gate in a wreath

      Must fix. This is not a piece of pipe with a valve. This is a valve connected by two pipe couplings.
      By the way: this is a powerful strategic weapon. With the help of such a valve, at the expense of "times", it is possible to shut off oil or gas for the whole part of the world. Europe, for example.
      1. Soldier
        Soldier 15 January 2014 06: 07
        0
        Thanks, informative.
      2. Prapor-527
        Prapor-527 15 January 2014 20: 13
        0
        Thank! You with the holiday separately !!! Health to you !!! hi
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 14 January 2014 10: 31
    +7
    Quote: Footmansur86
    Our elite))

    Maybe the unit is not elite, and is constantly in fuel oil, but without the hardships of the modern world of oil engines, nowhere! So happy holiday!
  6. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 14 January 2014 10: 36
    0
    By the way, as far as I know, the day of fuel and lubricants was always celebrated on February 14, and not in January!
  7. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 14 January 2014 10: 39
    -7
    I think they were created in case of a nuclear war. Just what is their need?
  8. Z.A.M.
    Z.A.M. 14 January 2014 10: 40
    +13
    Serving, naturally, with a holiday!

    It was in such military branches and similar structural units that I had to ask - is it worth it to change boots and footcloths for shoes and socks ????
    And then, after all, many of us think that the army is entirely reconnaissance, airborne, and marines ...

    Happy Holidays!
  9. mountain
    mountain 14 January 2014 10: 52
    +6
    It is surprising but true, there are such troops. I suggest the heading open, rare and so necessary troops. We learn a lot of new things.
    Happy holiday. guys!
    1. Old Cynic
      Old Cynic 14 January 2014 12: 33
      +2
      Do you think there are "unnecessary troops"?
      How do you like the heading "the most needed troops"?
      1. mountain
        mountain 14 January 2014 13: 26
        0
        And, you are perspicacious, well, if you search, not with us, but around the world ..., you can find a lot of things. I am sure.
  10. Alexey M
    Alexey M 14 January 2014 10: 56
    +7
    Everyone has spetsnaz, and only we have such troops.
    There, such technologies were laid down for the adversary not to come up with. One automatic installation of the pipeline is worth what.
    And we also have road-building troops! Well, or I did not know.
    1. Gato
      Gato 14 January 2014 12: 09
      +4
      Quote: Alexey M
      And we also have road-building troops! Well, or I did not know.

      I do not know how it is now, but in the SA there were separate road-commandant battalions with the possibility of their deployment in brigades.
      Composition:
      - headquarters with a platoon of communications and control;
      - curfew company (traffic controllers, security and anti-sabotage support);
      - road company (SRDP - collapsible road surfaces, local jokers added SRDP (b) - "Bolsheviks" laughing );
      - bridge company (bridge parks);
      - platoon MTO;
      - Hozo and various apedicits.
      The team unfolded in something similar in structure.
  11. alex-kon
    alex-kon 14 January 2014 10: 56
    +5
    Yes, at one time in the Soviet Union I remember how they put out peat bogs. Without them, then many villages would be burned. But in recent large peat fires they were not visible there, they were put out by helicopters. And how many villages could be saved.
  12. moremansf
    moremansf 14 January 2014 10: 58
    +13
    All kinds of pipes are important, all kinds of pipes are needed !!! With a holiday and success in your difficult, but very important business for the sun !!
    1. Prapor-527
      Prapor-527 15 January 2014 20: 29
      0
      Having seen the car in the background, the enemy will put it in his pants (taking it for a new MLRS) and the adversary is not aware that it is a PIPE CAR! Moral and psychological attack. The enemy is defeated. Glory to the pipeline troops !!!
  13. rpek32
    rpek32 14 January 2014 11: 02
    +4
    Pipeline troops are shift workers laughing
    Happy holiday drinks
  14. aksai61
    aksai61 14 January 2014 11: 04
    +3
    Happy Holidays! soldier
  15. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 14 January 2014 11: 04
    +14
    Quote: Armeec
    I heard about such, but believed that it was so-called. structural divisions ,, stroybata ,, and it turns out a separate branch of the armed forces. Maybe someone served, share your impressions?

    He began his service in the pipeline brigade of the Northern Fleet (military unit 26926, currently reduced) near Severomorsk (Shavor), there was a fuel base nearby. The brigade commander, Colonel Razhev, had the Order of the Red Star for Afghanistan. The officers are mostly graduates of the Ulyanovsk Higher Technical School named after B. Khmelnitsky. Then there were command (4 years) and engineering (5 years) faculties. There was a popular joke: "Those who have not been able to learn in 5 years study for 4 years!" In the SA, the pipeline troops had their own emblem: a piece of pipe with a vent in a wreath; the navy wore the usual naval uniform of the coastal troops.
    Happy holiday, plumbers!
  16. likurg1
    likurg1 14 January 2014 11: 15
    +5
    all of Russia rests on them !!!
    1. alone
      alone 14 January 2014 20: 52
      0
      Quote: likurg1
      all of Russia rests on them !!!


      belay Are you sure?
  17. pensioner
    pensioner 14 January 2014 11: 15
    +5
    Cool guys, definitely! Yes, and almost colleagues ... Happy to congratulate you on the holiday! Our business is PIPE!
    1. family tree
      family tree 14 January 2014 12: 04
      +10
      Good day, Yura! hi Really cool guys.
      The first “baptism of fire” took place in the field collectors in the war with Finland in 1939 - with their help, fuel was received from the railway tanks that arrived at the warehouse in fuel depot No. 1012 of the 8th Army of the Leningrad Military District.
      In the spring of 1942, to provide fuel for the 61st Army of the Bryansk Front through the Oka River, as well as to supply the Leningrad Front, a metal collapsible pipeline with a diameter of 75 mm was laid across the Volkhov River, and rubber-fabric hoses connected to each other by metal sleeves were used for the underwater part.
      In the fall of 1942, a pipeline was laid for the Stalingrad Front along the Volga bottom from the Vladimirskaya Pristan area.
      In 1942, a steel pipeline was laid along the bottom of Lake Ladoga to a depth of 13 m. The decision to lay the pipeline was made in April 1942. Pipes with a threaded connection were additionally welded to ensure reliability. The installation of a 29-kilometer-long pipeline (including 21 kilometers underwater) was carried out for 43 days under continuous enemy fire (2-2,5 kilometers from the front line). In 1943, the length of the pipeline was increased by another 5 kilometers. Alternate pumping of various types of fuel was carried out: gasoline, naphtha, kerosene and diesel fuel.
      In March 1943, a pipeline with a diameter of 100 mm and a capacity of 700 tons per day was laid across the Don River.
      In the spring of 1944, in Ukraine in the region of the Lots-Kamensky railway bridge. The length is 2,72 km, including 1,07 km by water.
      In January 1945, in the area of ​​the refinery of the city of Ploiesti (Romania). Diameter 100 mm, length - 225 km, capacity - 40 cubic meters / h.
      At the end of 1944, sets of collapsible pipelines were delivered from the USA under Lend-Lease. A line with a length of 220 km and a diameter of 100 mm is in the rear lane of the 2nd Ukrainian Front.
      In the winter of 1945, two lines were laid across the Vistula River in the areas of Fordon and Graudense.

      And mind you, they were not there then! request Or were what
      Happy holiday, men, you have something to be proud of!
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 14 January 2014 12: 49
        +5
        Hi! hi
        Quote: perepilka
        In 1942, a steel pipeline was laid along the bottom of Lake Ladoga to a depth of 13 m. The decision to lay the pipeline was made in April 1942. Pipes with a threaded connection were additionally welded to ensure reliability. The installation of a 29-kilometer-long pipeline (including 21 kilometers underwater) was carried out for 43 days under continuous enemy fire (2-2,5 kilometers from the front line).
        I remember a documentary film about this episode was shown. There are no words ...
  18. broneboy1
    broneboy1 14 January 2014 11: 42
    -13%
    when do cartoon troops have a holiday?
    1. Old Cynic
      Old Cynic 14 January 2014 12: 27
      +7
      when do cartoon troops have a holiday?


      Darling, I only found out this year that there is still a celebration of the communications troops ...
      I used to celebrate it on Radio Day, well, as holy, on the day of the establishment of the Kiev School of Communications, for I graduated from QUIDCUS.

      And leave your ornichnost with you, because you should not expose yourself in a disadvantageous light. You consider yourself "not a stupid and practical person" (c), right?
      So why do you need to position yourself as a moron?
  19. Russ69
    Russ69 14 January 2014 12: 11
    +17
    Happy Pipeline Holiday !!!
    As one water carrier sang from a movie; "Without water and neither here nor there." However, without other liquids ... smile
  20. Alexey M
    Alexey M 14 January 2014 12: 16
    +11
    Quote: broneboy1
    when do cartoon troops have a holiday?

    In vain you laugh comrade!
    For a simple soldier to fight normally, you need a lot of "auxiliary" workers. Engineering, railway, pipeline, road construction, construction is just what I remembered. And mind you, it seems, it is not combat troops, but without them there is not much to fight.
  21. waisson
    waisson 14 January 2014 12: 16
    +12
    WITH THE HOLIDAY OF ALL WHO SERVED AND SERVES IN PIPELINE TROOPS !!! drinks
  22. Old Cynic
    Old Cynic 14 January 2014 12: 21
    +7
    Guys! Happy holiday to you !!!

    And Schaub, you only ran equipment for exercises!
  23. Cormorants
    Cormorants 14 January 2014 12: 26
    +4
    Happy holiday guys.
  24. lelikas
    lelikas 14 January 2014 12: 26
    +6
    In the morning I cleaned the pipe in the bath - swearing - it turns out it was a festive clog laughing
    Happy Holiday!
  25. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 14 January 2014 13: 23
    +4
    Stalin signed a decree on the creation of a prototype pipeline? Not surprised .... Happy Holidays to those involved!
  26. Eugene
    Eugene 14 January 2014 13: 33
    +6
    all sorts of professions are important! for one warrior a lot of people work in the rear! Happy holidays, guys
    1. Prapor-527
      Prapor-527 15 January 2014 20: 34
      0
      And not always in the rear ... hi
  27. BOB48
    BOB48 14 January 2014 13: 54
    +6
    Happy holiday to all those who served in the pipeline troops! drinks
    And especially those who got there after graduating from the Ufa Oil Institute! hi
  28. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 14 January 2014 14: 13
    +5
    The neighbor served, congratulations in the evening. A lot of interesting things for Afghanistan tells how they pulled, how they guarded.
  29. AVV
    AVV 14 January 2014 14: 59
    +7
    Quote: Vasia Kruger
    Pipeline troops ?! At first I thought a joke, but it’s like it!

    Thank you.

    In 2010, in the suburbs, took part in the extinguishing of peat bogs !!! There are also such troops !!!
  30. Vladimir 23rus
    Vladimir 23rus 14 January 2014 15: 03
    +5
    There is a mabuta, and they are black oil. Plus article. Nowhere without them.
  31. knn54
    knn54 14 January 2014 15: 47
    +6
    And the creators of the UNIQUE PMT-150 (and analogues) -Festive. In Afghanistan, three lines of the Field Trunk Pipeline with a total length of more than 1000 km were equipped. Over 85 thousand tons of fuel were supplied through it, which ensured the FULL need of the troops.
    1. Prapor-527
      Prapor-527 15 January 2014 20: 39
      0
      And saved the lives of many who drove columns with "lighters" ...
  32. Pehmore
    Pehmore 14 January 2014 16: 27
    +6
    The first time I saw guys with valves in their lapels. In 1977, I thought the demobilization Stroybat's were kidding. We built something. Then I met the commander, it was discovered that there were such detachments, they were laying pipes. Our stereotype of specialists means well done, and few people remember the rear, only when dinner is late. On the occasion of the war of the pipeline troops!
  33. Stiletto
    Stiletto 14 January 2014 16: 36
    +3
    The impressive capabilities of these troops are demonstrated by their civilian counterparts: the phrase "Otherwise, we will turn off the gas!" from the "Diamond Hand", I hope everyone remembers. And one threat to turn off the gas to the same Geyrope, I remember, worked wonders. So the servicemen - a happy holiday, and even with their help, our enemies will quickly "The pipe will come". drinks
  34. kafa
    kafa 14 January 2014 19: 40
    +3
    A friend served in these troops in the German Democratic Republic. After a demobilization, his unit was transferred to the DRA (Afghanistan). Six months later, he lost his military ID in civilian life. When recovering paper requests .... The answer came, there is no such military unit. BURNERS BURNED ..... Dushmansky Chronicles only reminded of the dead
  35. Alex_on
    Alex_on 15 January 2014 05: 15
    +2
    He served in the service of a fuel helicopter regiment. All the tools shown in the article and comments are familiar))))
    Happy holiday of the kind of troops colleagues!
    PS: by the way there is a museum http://museumsg.ru/, there are a lot of photos here http://guns.allzip.org/topic/99/977490.html
  36. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 15 January 2014 18: 50
    0
    A very necessary kind of troops, without it as without arms. With such distances as in our country, trucks and tank cars do not reach long distances.
    Happy professional holiday to everyone involved. drinks
  37. ko88
    ko88 16 January 2014 00: 55
    0
    when is the day of the creation of "motorcycle sewing troops" tongue
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