Military Review

Helicopter-transformer, SUV, Octocopter AT Black Knight

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Who of us, stuck in the “traffic jam” for many hours, didn’t have an idea to create a flying SUV capable of soaring into the sky at the touch of a button, and then return home automatically and make a soft landing in the parking lot in front of the garage? It can be assumed that such a thought flashed from the creators of the AT Black Knight transformer helicopter.



AT Black Knight Transformer, the world's first SUV vertical takeoff and landing. There is no need to talk about the elegance of the design, but, as they say, "the first step is the hardest."


A small US aerospace company Advanced Tactics Inc opened the veil of secrecy regarding its aircraft, a transformer helicopter, an Octocopter, and announced the successful completion of ground tests of a full-scale technology demonstrator. These tests included driving over rough terrain (I myself do not believe that I am writing this about an aircraft). Oktokopter AT Black Knight (Black Knight) Transformer will be the world's first SUV vertical takeoff and landing (GDP, Vertical Take Off and Landing, VTOL). Just like the Israeli Airmule GDP, it should become an inexpensive and operational means of evacuating wounded soldiers from the battlefield or for transporting cargo. It should be noted that he must carry out this mission autonomously, in unmanned mode. The patented transformer technology combines the capabilities of a helicopter, such as the ability to take off and land almost anywhere, with the capabilities of an off-road vehicle. The first demonstrator of the AT Black Knight Transformer technology completed a drive test in December of 2013 in Southern California, flight tests are scheduled for the beginning of 2014 in the year. Advanced Tactics began work on AT Black Knight Transformer in the 2010 year.

Helicopter-transformer, SUV, Octocopter AT Black Knight
The AT Black Knight Transformer technology demonstrator (above) and the operational concept of a diesel-powered turbocharged transformer (below).


In 2012, Advanced Tactics began work on the AT Panther Transformer with a similar aircraft specifically designed for special purpose units. This inexpensive transformer is capable of transporting two fully armed fighters to places inaccessible to other traditional air or ground vehicles, can be transported in the cargo compartment of the CV-22 Osprey tiltrotor and requires only minimal training for control.


Conceptual LA Panther (left) and large-scale technology demonstrator (right).


According to the developers, this device can be used to evacuate the wounded from the battlefield in the following mode. After receiving a request for evacuation, the device flies offline from the rear base to the front line or even for it, where two fighters are waiting for it. After landing on a suitable safe platform, the engines with blades automatically fold, and the vehicle goes into driving mode. The fighters load up and take control of the transformer as an ordinary SUV, drive it through narrow streets or rough terrain to the location of the wounded man. There he is promptly immersed in a transformer and connected to life support systems. After this, the device leaves the building zone and automatically takes off and automatically returns to the rear base along with the wounded and / or medical orderly. The use of a transformer, according to the creators, can significantly shorten the evacuation time, which is so critical for saving the lives of the wounded without at the same time putting the crew at risk or using ground transportation.

Transformers Black Knight and Panther use the proven technology, which is distinguished by the simplicity and reliability of the multicopter helicopters. For example, each of the eight engines can be replaced in the field by a brigade of two people, and the payload can range from life support systems for evacuating the wounded to cargo required for special operations. In addition, the modular case of the device can be replaced with a waterproof case for carrying out operations on the water. Just as in today's widely used miniature electric models, transformers use motors with direct connection of the drive to the rotors.


Demonstrator technology Black Knight Transformer in flight configuration.


Components and assemblies of the power plant, including engines and rotors, are cheap commercially available elements, and the apparatus itself is made of modular field replaceable components. As well as on the electric multicopter, the stabilization of the apparatus and its control are carried out with the help of differential thrust between oppositely located pairs of rotors.

The developers tried to create a simple, cheap and reliable design. Instead of a mechanically complex and expensive articulated rotor mechanism, which stabilizes and controls a conventional helicopter, they used a computerized control system with high-speed feedback. In addition, this configuration does not require a tail rotor or transmission. Transformer has the ability to fly in case of failure of one or more engines.


Demonstrator of the Black Knight Transformer technology during ground tests. The engines are laid along the sides to reduce the width of the device.


In addition, the design features provide a relatively large internal volume compared to conventional helicopters. It is comparable to the Blackhawk helicopter. This allows the use of transformers in rescue operations and as unmanned cargo suppliers also in the civilian area. The Black Knight and Panther transformers are equipped with a car suspension system similar to those used in off-road vehicles. According to the developers, large tires and shock absorbers provide excellent handling on rough terrain, as well as a soft landing when landing. The wheels are driven by an independent engine and gearbox and allow you to reach speeds in 112 km / h.


Four-engine technology demonstrator during the flight in the 2012 year. Equipped with gasoline engines and weighs more than 900 kg.


The Black Knight and Panther aircraft were developed on the basis of smaller prototypes, starting with miniature electric prototypes and ending with larger demonstrators equipped with internal combustion engines. The first electrical prototypes were created in the 2010 year, the 2012-kilogram petrol prototype was created in the 900. The large-scale prototype of the Panther was successfully tested, and its full-scale version is currently in an early stage of development.



Advanced Tactics Inc engineer Rustom Jehangir stands next to the machine for display in scale. His height is 182, see


The Black Knight Transformer is equipped with advanced turbodiesel engines capable of transporting more than 450 kg or five passengers over a range with a range of 460 km. In a configuration without off-road capabilities, a transforming helicopter can carry up to 720 kg of payload or up to eight passengers. The cruising speed of the vehicle will be 240 km / h, and over land to 112 km / h.


Operational design concept for the Black Knight Transformer with streamlined aerodynamics and more powerful and efficient turbo diesel engines.


After making its first flight, the AT Black Knight Transformer technology demonstrator will undergo an intensive test program, which will end with a demonstration of the full capabilities at the end of 2014. Currently, Advanced Tactics is looking for cooperation to introduce this and other patented technologies into mass production.

Technical characteristics of the prototype demonstrator:
Length (in flight configuration): 9,5 m.
Width (in flight configuration): 5,8 m.
Height: 2,5 m.
Length (in traveling position): 7,6 m.
Width (in traveling position): 2,6 m.
Gross weight: 1995 kg.

Design characteristics:
Ceiling: 3050 m.
Speed ​​on land: 112 km / h.

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36 comments
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  1. ICT
    ICT 13 January 2014 10: 04
    0
    wait for a full-scale prototype, and so generally cool but no more
    1. wolfhunter2035
      wolfhunter2035 13 January 2014 15: 05
      0
      Does this flying "little animal" have normal armor and weapons? I may not have noticed. But this, as mentioned above, looks cool, but useless in a real war!
      1. Mister X
        Mister X 17 January 2014 15: 01
        0
        Quote: hanter2035
        Does this flying "little animal" have normal armor and weapons?

        "It should be an inexpensive and quick means of evacuating wounded soldiers from the battlefield or for transporting goods."
        The author of the article is Professor.

        Armored, armed and flying ambulance?
        It sounds very original wink
  2. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 13 January 2014 10: 12
    +1
    If you cross a hedgehog and a snake? then you get one and a half meters of barbed wire.
    Not sure if this unit is viable.
  3. alex-kon
    alex-kon 13 January 2014 11: 48
    +2
    already somehow laughing
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 17 January 2014 15: 13
      0
      And that was: Fa.223 "Drache."



      Empty weight 3175 kg.,
      Take-off weight - 4310 kg.,
      Maximum flight speed 176 km / h.,
      Cruising speed 120 km / h.,
      Ceiling - 2010 meters,
      Range with an outboard fuel tank - 700 km.
  4. AVV
    AVV 13 January 2014 12: 15
    0
    Yes, let them get organized, how many such projects were for the garbage can, and how many more will be !!!
    1. Panikovsky
      Panikovsky 13 January 2014 13: 24
      0
      Quote: AVV
      Yes, let them get organized, how many such projects were for the garbage can, and how many more will be !!!

      Yes, they made it, so they made it. and the pens didn't get sick.
      1. gridasov
        gridasov 14 January 2014 01: 17
        -1
        Americans super translate any idea into reality. When you work a lot with your hands creating a product, then your skills are not lost. If you work, sooner or later, experimental luck will light up. Like it or not, but it is there and it works.
  5. makarov
    makarov 13 January 2014 12: 37
    0
    And how much such a fuevina eats fuel per hour of operation ??? You can go around the world, I guess like 2 drying?
  6. unclevad
    unclevad 13 January 2014 12: 59
    +2
    Controversial design from the beginning. If a vehicle the size of a truck (if on two wounded) cannot get close to the place of evacuation, then most likely it will be difficult to get to this place not only to this vehicle, but also to a normal SUV. An example is taiga. Or do they expect to fight in forest zones? I think the Americans are quite lazy. Are they already unable to drag their comrades in their arms to the place of evacuation?
  7. MACCABI TLV
    MACCABI TLV 13 January 2014 13: 32
    +2
    Quote: AVV
    Yes, let them get organized, how many such projects were for the garbage can, and how many more will be !!!

    If you suffer for a long time, something will turn out! The main thing is to want, and to do something, so that later it would not be excruciatingly painful (as an example) for 5 worthless lard.
    airmule, now here it is ... the concept is interesting, attempts are visible, the result is coming soon.
  8. Simple
    Simple 13 January 2014 13: 37
    0
    Quote: unclevad
    Or do they expect to fight in forest zones?


    It should have been initially positioned by the developers as a "flying road builder".
  9. Trofimov Andrey
    Trofimov Andrey 13 January 2014 14: 08
    +7
    It's perfect!!
    1. Professor
      13 January 2014 14: 26
      +1
      Quote: Trofimov Andrey
      It's perfect!!

      If he is so perfect, why are they busting him? wink

      The papelats described in the article has great prospects. Look what such things can do:
      Raffaello D'Andrea: Delightful Quad Flight Athleticism
      1. Trofimov Andrey
        Trofimov Andrey 13 January 2014 14: 28
        0
        No need to service the battery
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. ICT
        ICT 13 January 2014 14: 56
        0
        Quote: Professor
        Look what such things can do:
        Raffaello D'Andrea: Delightful Quad Flight Athleticism

        looked like before
        but it seems to me when moving from models of ATVs to real concepts, guys will face a bunch of problems in aerodynamics
        Quote: Professor
        If he is so perfect, why are they busting him?


        Well, as if the classics need to know, there simply LUTS is over. yes and brake fluid problems problems lol
      4. ICT
        ICT 13 January 2014 15: 14
        0
        Quote: Professor
        Raffaello D'Andrea: Delightful Quad Flight Athleticism


        here it’s cooler and on the street
        1. APASUS
          APASUS 13 January 2014 22: 26
          0
          Quote: TIT
          here it’s cooler and on the street

          Here the model also lays the corners, not one plane could not stand it, but this is only a model!
        2. Professor
          14 January 2014 12: 21
          0
          Quote: TIT
          here it’s cooler and on the street

          Steeper because it is remotely controlled? In the video given by me, the automation "rules". Take another look.
          1. ICT
            ICT 14 January 2014 13: 57
            0
            I realized there the main thing in the video is software - in other words, a pre-compiled task (included subtitles when the link was given last time).
            1. Professor
              14 January 2014 22: 04
              0
              Quote: TIT
              I realized there the main thing in the video is software

              Rather, algorithms and control. They can be applied on a full-blown machine.
              1. ICT
                ICT 14 January 2014 22: 52
                0
                Quote: Professor
                Rather, algorithms and control.

                in other words self-propelled guns, and full blown car. Her most likely will not see
      5. unclevad
        unclevad 13 January 2014 15: 46
        +1
        Yes, it’s not a quadro. They fly well. Everything is clear here. The fact is that it should be used as a self-propelled crew on the ground? And what good will this innovation be. And you can push any pepelats with your hands. wink
  10. mountain
    mountain 13 January 2014 14: 44
    0
    Everything new always causes, at least a smile, at the maximum, distrust. Namely, with such extravagant things, and progress is moving. It would be nice to see our developments.
    1. wolfhunter2035
      wolfhunter2035 13 January 2014 15: 07
      0
      And we have ekranoplans! though they were abandoned, but I hope for a complete revival of the WIG!
      1. Kir
        Kir 13 January 2014 18: 11
        -1
        And what they did not say about ECIP, in general, the mind is a very promising aircraft, and on the topic, it honestly bothers me that they are already writing about it in several military materials, including whether they are going to get involved in it?
  11. Jet
    Jet 13 January 2014 14: 55
    -2
    Well done Advanced Tactics Inc! Criticizing sitting on the devan is always easy. The Wright brothers, Sikorsky and the like met with similar criticism and ridicule at one time, their first models were also clumsy, but everyone knows what came of it ..
    1. Kir
      Kir 13 January 2014 18: 12
      0
      That's just a bunch of do not interfere with the office and the Designer, and so essentially true.
  12. ICT
    ICT 13 January 2014 15: 29
    +1
    Quote: Jet
    Wright brothers, Sikorsky and the like, their first models


    I just don’t know why not to study their experience, and not step on their rake (the theory is ready, and let me remind you these guys built work units right away, and didn’t do air modeling)

    did anyone see heavy ATVs? (we’ll say a couple of tons)
    1. Jet
      Jet 13 January 2014 17: 11
      0
      here they were told that it is better to study the experience of balloons and airships! and in general, has anyone seen flying vehicles heavier than air?))))))))
      1. ICT
        ICT 13 January 2014 17: 51
        0
        Quote: Jet
        so they were told that it is better to study the experience of balloons

        their affairs did not differ with the words
        start
        1. ICT
          ICT 13 January 2014 17: 53
          0
          2 a little later (further cooler and cooler)
          1. ICT
            ICT 13 January 2014 18: 03
            0
            and here is the full-scale device in the photo. and in the video a Chinese toy
            (I did not find a video of a full-scale prototype), the guys do not discover anything new, they just try to switch from models to real devices. it's not so easy

            in return works at times,just ready drone helicopter fighter
  13. Clueless
    Clueless 13 January 2014 16: 30
    0
    Not when I did not understand the idea - why should a vehicle ride well if it can fly well and land like a helicopter? In the tunnels to ride? Or through the jungle - such garbage will not pass there.

    Imagine that our crocodiles or Apaches started to ride .. they’ll twist everything at the temple at once, and then discuss this garbage - it's normal :)
  14. aver
    aver 13 January 2014 17: 27
    +1
    Well, as a means of delivering ice cream to Iraq, ameri "koksam" or ameri "geram" - quite ...
  15. Student
    Student 14 January 2014 05: 31
    0
    The place for this unit in the tourism sector, where it will not pass, will fly by.
  16. dart_noos
    dart_noos 14 January 2014 18: 01
    0
    you give a civilian version the size of a car 8) at a reasonable price!
    1. Kir
      Kir 14 January 2014 18: 33
      0
      I will not say about the price, but there is such a "beast" Merlin2000 (if I remember the model correctly), the truth "starts" from the highway and with a set of decent speed, and so akin to a car from Formula 1, just 6 "fans", and this miracle is already over the past 10 years it has passed, but something was not adopted by the police.