Military Review

Russian Navy will receive a corvette modular architecture

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On January 8, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral V. Chirkov, spoke about some plans of the military department concerning the development of military shipbuilding. Among other topics, Admiral Chirkov raised the issue of creating warships of modular architecture. Allegedly, work is already underway in this direction.

Ships made on a modular system have long been interested in the command of the naval fleet. Such a structure will make it possible to build ships of the required type relatively quickly and simply, and if necessary, equip the available with the necessary equipment or weapons. According to the commander-in-chief of the Navy, the design and construction of a modular ship are planned for the coming years. Implementation of this project will be undertaken by a joint working group, which includes representatives of the Navy, the United Shipbuilding Corporation and the Naval Academy.

Admiral V. Chirkov did not disclose the details of the project, but noted that work on the creation of new ships is already underway. In the near future, the modular principle of equipping ships with equipment or weapons will be tested on one of the corvettes with a small displacement. Terms of construction of a new modular corvette or refitting it from the existing ship were not named. It should be noted that last fall the commander-in-chief of the Navy spoke about the possible transfer of the lead modular ship in 2018.

The construction of warships of modular architecture has several advantages over the existing approach to equipping the navy. Such a ship is actually a floating platform, part of the equipment of which can be relatively quickly and simply removed and replaced by another. As a removable modules in the first place are considered various weapons systems and electronic equipment. At the same time, however, the fundamental possibility of implementing more serious projects is not excluded. With appropriate experience and experience, you can create a ship with a modular power plant or hull.

The advantages of ships of modular architecture should also include the economic features of their construction. The lead ship always costs the military more than the serial ones. The modular architecture allows to reduce the cost of development and construction of serial buildings. Mass production of various modules of weapons or equipment can also have a positive effect on the economic part of the project. In addition, we should not forget about the reduction of the construction time of serial ships in comparison with the head ship.

Last year, V. Chirkov told the press about the plans of the navy regarding the tasks and appearance of a promising corvette, which is supposed to be built in the near future. The first modular ship will have a relatively small displacement, and its task will be combat work at a short distance from the coast. As expected, the corvette will be able to carry out air defense and anti-submarine defense, search and install minefields, as well as support airborne troops and ground forces. Such information allows us to roughly represent the appearance of a new ship.

The appearance of projects of ships of modular architecture is waiting for not only the military, but also the industry. Back in the summer of 2012, the statements of the head of the press service of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Kravchenko were published in the Izvestia edition. According to him, modular technologies will be useful both for shipbuilders and ship repairmen. The main reason for this: the relative ease of installation and replacement of individual modules. One of the most anticipated events is the creation of a modular power plant, the repair of which will not involve the dismantling of the ship’s structural elements.

A. Kravchenko in his interview with 2012 of the year revealed some details of current work. At that time, the shipbuilding industry was exploring the prospects for a modular hull structure. The use of such a technical solution in the future will allow to assemble the ship hull from prefabricated units. For example, it will be possible to relatively quickly and simply equip a ship with an additional section of the hull with weapons or the necessary equipment, placing it between the existing ones. For obvious reasons, the implementation of such projects will not begin soon, but some developments in this area, apparently, already exist.

As follows from the available information, in the future the navy of Russia should receive a relatively large number of ships with a large number of common parts. Arms and electronic equipment, in turn, will be selected in accordance with the tasks assigned to the ship. Under existing conditions, when the Navy needs a large number of new ships, and financial and production capabilities do not allow to quickly build all the necessary equipment, the construction of ships of the modular scheme becomes an interesting and promising undertaking.

For obvious reasons, it is too early to talk about the exact timing of the appearance of the first modular corvette, at which technical solutions will be worked out. According to reports, he will come to the test no earlier than 2017-18 of the year. Thus, the development, construction and start of service of the following ships, built according to a modular scheme, are a matter of even more distant future. Probably, serial corvettes or destroyers will begin service only in the middle of the next decade.

Despite all the advantages, the development and construction of ships of modular architecture is associated with some technical problems. The further fate of the whole direction depends on their successful solution. If an experimental corvette, the construction of which will begin in the near future, does not justify the hopes placed on it, the deadlines for implementing the program for creating ships of a modular scheme will move significantly. In addition, we can not exclude such a scenario, in which the navy completely abandon such plans.

Nevertheless, it is too early to draw any conclusions, since all public information about the plans for building ships of modular architecture is limited to a few general statements by the fleet command and the leadership of the shipbuilding industry. First, wait for the message about the start of construction of the experimental modular corvette.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://vz.ru/
http://izvestia.ru/
http://lenta.ru/
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  1. ochakow703
    ochakow703 10 January 2014 09: 36
    +6
    The Navy needs a variety of ships. And if the module leads to the fastest, and most importantly, high-quality equipment of the fleet with ships of various specializations, then this is a blessing. But if the module leads to a deterioration in combat and seaworthiness (and this is possible), then, "the beam is less, but better."
    1. AVV
      AVV 10 January 2014 20: 35
      +1
      Most importantly, the modules can come from different factories, which will speed up the construction of ships and their modernization at times !!! What is important with our long-term construction !!!
  2. makarov
    makarov 10 January 2014 10: 20
    +2
    so only yesterday this topic was discussed !!! Surely the author continues to brutally celebrate ????
  3. 120352
    120352 10 January 2014 10: 33
    +2
    The main thing is that this corvette does not crumble into modules during the fighting. But should we try to make them on a 3D printer? Look - like a real one, you see who is scared.
    But it’s very sad that our fleet is losing first-class ships capable of conducting effective hostilities on their own, because the corvette is no higher than the second rank! Or is it done in Serdyukov’s way, in order to save on salaries of command personnel?
  4. Saburo
    Saburo 10 January 2014 12: 11
    +1
    The French have built a Mistral for us in a couple of years using this technology. If we build at least the destroyers with the same speed, then this will be good.
    1. 120352
      120352 10 January 2014 12: 27
      .
      I haven't seen a single Mistral in the case yet! And he has weapons - to pacify the demonstrators in a small town of medium scale, such as Uryupinsk. The impact power is almost zero. How many artillery batteries, torpedo tubes, rocket launchers does he have? 16 helicopters are easy to shoot down at the moment of separation from the deck. And the helicopter is not an attack aircraft! It is clear that Serdyukov got a kickback, and the rest is on the roll. Anyway, nothing will be confiscated from him or imprisoned. Where there! Effective manager! He brought the armed forces to zero during his "labor activity", he did more misfortunes than Hitler!
      1. cdrt
        cdrt 11 January 2014 02: 06
        +1
        Quote: 120352
        I haven't seen a single Mistral in the case yet! And he has weapons - to pacify the demonstrators in a small town of medium scale, such as Uryupinsk. The impact power is almost zero. How many artillery batteries, torpedo tubes, rocket launchers does he have? 16 helicopters are easy to shoot down at the moment of separation from the deck. And the helicopter is not an attack aircraft! It is clear that Serdyukov got a kickback, and the rest is on the roll. Anyway, nothing will be confiscated from him or imprisoned. Where there! Effective manager! He brought the armed forces to zero during his "labor activity", he did more misfortunes than Hitler!


        Well, where is the UDC to LST.
        Those were checked during WWII, and it’s more familiar that they land on an enemy’s attack laughing
        On all the exercises right - uhh! laughing
  5. Cruorvult
    Cruorvult 10 January 2014 12: 24
    0
    Yes, everything is sad, but it doesn’t know if it will be made from cubes, most likely it concerns missile weapons. You’re already introducing countries to other countries; if you want a cruise missile, you want 4 anti-aircraft missiles in one module, it’s completely convenient. But kanechen oats are good in moderation :)
  6. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 10 January 2014 13: 11
    +13
    "If the stars are lit, then someone needs it" ...
    The modular scheme of the combat NK has been discussed since the late 90s of the 20th century. The NATO-Flex 2000 project is remembered by many. The Danes have broken off. Now we decided to try it, after listening to the figures from the USC. What I would like to say about this.
    1. It is beneficial for shipbuilders: Lego he is Lego. Know - lep! But every professional will say that a SPECIAL-built ship solves special tasks (PLO, air defense, etc.) more efficiently, because it was designed and built for them, the crew was "sharpened" for them.
    2. Modules will give "versatility", which will reduce the number of ships (outfit of forces), this side will save money for their maintenance, BUT!
    3. A radical restructuring will be required in the training and manning of the crews of such ships: solving the problems of PLO (PLO module on board), what to do with missile-strikers (ASM), anti-mine personnel (PMO), etc. Apparently in the minds of "progressive naval commanders" the idea of ​​replaceable crews is maturing: to load specialists together with modules. But the H / A complexes, apparently, will only be towed (lowered), because the missile ship needs them only along the mine detection path and PTZ. Likewise, with respect to the Far Eastern defense stations for air defense missions with an anti-submarine version of such an NK.
    4. The coastal infrastructure will increase sharply (traditionally the Achilles heel of our fleet!). If now the 1 seafarer access to NK in the sea is provided by 10 people. ashore (at the 1 / 20 submarine), then the modular scheme will pull people to 30! maybe more. And this is subject to encapsulation of weapons, the block diagram of the PTO and so on.
    5. Sailors will change their attitude to the ship as a home, therefore the moral side of the issue of attitude to service.
    6. The question with the submarine is a separate article! But, apparently, this cockroach pattern can take root only for ships in the near sea zone.
    Maybe I'm wrong about something, but this is my view of the problem. IMHO.
    1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
      Andrei from Chelyabinsk 10 January 2014 14: 09
      +3
      Definitely +! drinks
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. coserg 2012
      coserg 2012 10 January 2014 19: 05
      +2
      I’m 100% right! I think that these units will be constantly re-equipped and refitted. We will rivet quickly and in operation will be a continuous haemorrhage. Not one more universal machine has slipped into a narrow-profile machine, which is rarely adjusted.
    4. Dart2027
      Dart2027 10 January 2014 20: 20
      +3
      1 It is not profitable for shipbuilders - unified, conveyor construction is easier and therefore cheaper. Another thing is that for the same money it will be possible to build more, but in this case the amount of money will not increase, but will remain the same.
      The bulk of the ships are universal, and specialized ships, although they are needed, but in smaller quantities. In addition, they can also be built using standard modules.
      2 And here it is unlikely - a decrease in the number of ships is unlikely, cheaper and simplification are more likely to lead to an increase in the number of ships.
      3 I doubt that a serious reconstruction of the ships will be done only in case of urgent need, but this is not often, and not all, but some parts will change.
      For example, there were 24 anti-ship missiles, and there will be 24 anti-aircraft missiles - the vast majority of the crew are neither warm nor cold from this.
      4 But why on earth? Modules will be changed at the plant - from the point of view of coastal services, nothing will change at the place of basing.
      5 Hardly. As I already wrote, fundamental changes that can cause partial shuffling of crews will be rare and limited.
      6 Hardly. Just large vessels carry more equipment that can be changed, and changes in tasks will most likely affect them.
      Benefits will be:
      - faster construction, assemble ready-made blocks faster than cooking everything every time;
      - The facilitated process of modernization and repair, when with the advent of new, more efficient devices and weapons, or when a standing one fails, it will be possible to carry out a block replacement.
      As I understand it, the authors of this idea proceeded from this, and everything else is so, additional features
      1. Voronbit
        Voronbit 14 January 2014 02: 41
        0
        look at the history of mechanical engineering ... unification is always a plus ... our clubs are already a huge shock for competitors, and so on in everything ....... the uterus is loaded with a set of striking units based on a tactical task and everything is fast and modularly COOL, NATO has been doing this for a long time, and the same principle in the new Zamwalt
    5. xtur
      xtur 11 January 2014 16: 11
      0
      > 3. A radical restructuring will be required in the training and manning of the crews of such ships.
      > 5. The seamen will change their attitude to the ship as to their home, hence the moral aspect of the issue of attitude to service.


      a radical change in crew-ship relations is not necessary at all.
      a modular ship can be treated like a large ship, part of the crew of which is located on the shore - each time is different.
      1. Voronbit
        Voronbit 14 January 2014 02: 44
        0
        .... and for the sake of a warm relationship with the ship, you could leave the sails
  7. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 10 January 2014 13: 48
    +1
    only in the photo frigates pr.11356.
  8. altman
    altman 10 January 2014 15: 08
    +2
    While the crux of the matter with "Zvezdochka" comes wonderful news about the repair and construction of ships !! If all our shipyards worked like this !!
  9. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 10 January 2014 17: 51
    +1
    Corvette is not small to develop a new concept? Due to the limited stock of displacement, there will be restrictions on the size and weight of the modules. Consequently, for larger ships, they will already be of little value. Or we will invent a bicycle for each class of ships separately.
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 10 January 2014 20: 22
      +1
      Do you propose doing unification for all classes at once, regardless of size? This is definitely nonsense.
      1. chunga-changa
        chunga-changa 11 January 2014 00: 40
        +1
        For example, the engine room volume will not allow testing the propulsion module for a frigate or destroyer. Or AFAR canvases, there’s nowhere to put them on the corvette, except perhaps flat on the deck, provided that the corvette does not drown from their weight, or a module with a 130-mm cannon. What can be worked out in such conditions, except for modules for boats?
        1. cdrt
          cdrt 11 January 2014 02: 12
          +1
          Quote: chunga-changa
          For example, the engine room volume will not allow testing the propulsion module for a frigate or destroyer. Or AFAR canvases, there’s nowhere to put them on the corvette, except perhaps flat on the deck, provided that the corvette does not drown from their weight, or a module with a 130-mm cannon. What can be worked out in such conditions, except for modules for boats?


          It seems to me that this whole topic is about modularity - these are our admirals having traditionally heard about 10 years ago that LCS would be modular they wanted as usual - "no worse than a probable partner" laughing

          Well, and then - it is clear that the 20380 did not seem to justify the pinned hopes, so they decided to close up another type of corvette.
          As for me, it would be better to disarm 20385 by half (to return the upper weight to acceptable values ​​- as I read stability and seaworthiness are the problems of the project) (disarm - well, for example, remove the polymer and put the updated Sea Tor, two anti-aircraft guns and leave only 8 X- 35) and continued to build a large series.
        2. Dart2027
          Dart2027 11 January 2014 18: 07
          0
          Firstly, to develop a new technology for shipbuilding, you need to use a small and cheap ship. This is reasonable, because with failure, losses are minimized.
          Secondly, if the results are found to be satisfactory and shipbuilding will switch to the modular principle, then there will be several lines of modules for ships of different displacement - 4000-6000 tons, 6000-8000 tons, etc.
          1. chunga-changa
            chunga-changa 11 January 2014 19: 17
            0
            Firstly, you should take a small decommissioned barge, cut an opening in the upper deck and install and test modules through it. It will turn out extremely cheaply, especially in case of failures.
            Secondly
            there will be several lines of modules
            where will they come from if the size and displacement of the ship-stand do not allow them to be tested in full size and to check the working capacity in real conditions of the open ocean, because we know that the corvette is a ship of the near sea zone. These modules either will not, or they will have to test again on a larger ship.
            1. Dart2027
              Dart2027 11 January 2014 20: 07
              +2
              Quote: chunga-changa
              in-law a small decommissioned barge, cut an aperture in the upper deck and install and test modules through it

              Any idea can be brought to the point of absurdity. Can you say anything more convincing ?.
              It reads:
              Quote: Dart2027
              to develop new shipbuilding technology

              Technology development is the development of the very idea of ​​construction using standard modules.
              That is, checking whether this is possible in principle.
              If it turns out that for some reason the idea is unrealizable, then in the minus one small ship. Unpleasant, but bearable.
              Quote: chunga-changa
              These modules either will not, or they will have to test again on a larger ship

              If the experience is successful, the construction of larger and more expensive ships will begin. At the same time, other modules will be developed for them that correspond to their needs.
              Quote: chunga-changa
              dimensions and displacement of the ship-stand

              For information - for preliminary testing of equipment stands are used which are built on land. On ships, a combination of already tested equipment in the complex is being worked out.
              Actually, the idea of ​​modular construction for our shipbuilders is nothing fundamentally new - steam turbine installations for nuclear submarines, icebreakers, etc. mounted at a specialized enterprise and tested there. They are brought to the shipyard in the form of the same module, and then this module is installed in the compartment. And nothing - the system works.
  10. xomaNN
    xomaNN 13 January 2014 16: 46
    0
    The Scandinavians decided that modules were a dead end road. Perhaps they wanted to be "modulated" too radically? After all, if you leave the options (2-3) only for parts of the main armament, it might be a good idea. The experiment is likely to be carried out in iron on a case of 300-500 tons.
  11. No Name
    No Name 17 January 2014 16: 51
    0
    This is what is surfing the net. It looks scary.