Military Review

Alpha fighters

22
Alpha fighters

Fighters of the Alpha group at the time of negotiations with supporters of parliament in the House of Councils of the Russian Federation. Photo: Vladimir Vyatkin / RIA News



The exchange of Louis Corvalan, the release of schoolchildren in Sarapul and other operations of the most famous Russian special forces

34 a year ago, Soviet special forces stormed the palace of the head of Afghanistan, Hafizullah Amin. For the special division "Alpha" this operation has become a kind of calling card. "Russian Planet" tells about the first and not the most famous operations of the anti-terrorist unit.

Exchange Corvalan to Bukovsky

"Alpha" group was established head of the KGB, Yuri Andropov, after the hostage crisis at the Munich Olympics in 1972 year, but the direct cause of the formation of anti-terror special squad was another terrorist attack - the seizure of the Yak-40, make flights Moscow-Bryansk. A few days later, Andropov ordered the creation of an anti-terrorist group "A" to submit to him personally. The first operation of the new unit was not the liberation of the hostages, and power support in the exchange of Soviet dissident Vladimir Bukovsky on the Chilean Communist Louis Corvalan. It was the employees of Alpha who accompanied Bukovsky on the flight to Zurich.

The first counter-terrorist operation

In March, 1979, the alfovtsy conducted the first combat operation against the terrorist. Yury Vlasenko, a mentally ill resident of Kherson, came to the US embassy with an explosive device and demanded that he go abroad immediately. Otherwise, he threatened to detonate the bomb. The commander of Group A, Gennady Zaitsev, and his deputy negotiated with a terrorist, but they ended without result. Then Andropov personally gave the order to apply weapon. Major Sergey Golov fired a terrorist with a pistol with a silencer, but Vlasenko managed to activate an explosive device and soon died from wounds.

Capture Amin's Palace

The most famous operation of the Soviet special forces. 56 people took part in the assault - 24 alfovts and 30 fighters of the special reserve of the KGB "Zenit". The rest of the military involved in the operation covered the special forces, who stormed the residence of the head of Afghanistan, Amin. His guards consisted of a total of 2300 people; The task of the Soviet covering groups, including paratroopers from the so-called "Muslim battalion", was to cut off most of Amin’s guard from the palace. Despite this balance of power, the task was successfully completed - the palace was taken by storm, Amin and his guards were killed near 200. The losses of the Soviet side amounted to five people from among the special forces and 15 - among the military.

Liberation of schoolchildren in Sarapul

At the end of 1981, two deserters, Alexander Melnikov and Akhmetzhan Kolpakbayev, fled from the unit with weapons. They came to school No. XXUMX in the Udmurt city of Sarapul under the pretext of searching for an anti-personnel mine and with a pre-planned plan of action. They entered one of the classes and captured 12 students with a teacher. The terrorists made a demand: to issue them a passport and provide a flight to the Federal Republic of Germany or any western country. Andropov sent group A to Sarapul. After the negotiations, the terrorists released the hostages and were arrested. The release of the hostages occurred without a single shot.

Aircraft capture in Tbilisi

In November, 1983, a group of terrorists seized the Tu-134, which flew from Tbilisi to Batumi. The seizure was carefully thought out, the terrorists met the airport employee in advance in order to bypass the search and bring the weapon on board. There were seven of them, all of them were offspring of high-ranking families — some had already been abroad, which in Soviet times was the privilege of the nomenclature. At the same time, the terrorists wanted to look like fighters against the Soviet regime. Later in court, they cited the Brazinskas family as an example.

The hijackers planned to capture a plane near Batumi in order to immediately cross the border. But due to bad weather, the pilots were ordered to turn back to Tbilisi, and the invaders did not know about this. Confident that they were near Batumi, they captured a stewardess and shot several people whom they mistook for service employees aviation security. Later it turned out that the dead had nothing to do with guarding the aircraft. Bursting into the cockpit, the terrorists demanded to fly to Turkey. Hearing the objections of the crew, they killed a flight engineer and seriously wounded one of the pilots. The aircraft commander, in response to the shooting, made several sharp maneuvers to knock down the terrorists. Taking advantage of their confusion, the pilots pushed the hijackers out of the cockpit and dragged the seriously wounded there. Then they closed from the inside - having failed to break into the cockpit, the terrorists began firing in the cabin, killing another passenger and injuring three. Pilots, meanwhile, landed a plane at the Tbilisi airport.

Liner cordoned off by the military; negotiations began. The terrorists stood their ground and demanded to give them the right to fly to Turkey, threatening to blow up the plane otherwise. In the evening, the group “Alpha” arrived in Tbilisi. When negotiations reached an impasse, it was decided to storm. He was successful: the terrorists did not even have time to use the grenades they had. During the assault no one was hurt. Considering that there were seven terrorists and all of them were armed, this was an absolute success of the Alpha men.
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22 comments
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  1. Oleg56.ru
    Oleg56.ru 9 January 2014 09: 24
    +11
    Alpha is the best! I wish you health and success, guys. I wish you less "work".
    1. sledgehammer102
      sledgehammer102 9 January 2014 09: 36
      +10
      Quote: Oleg56.ru
      Alpha is the best! I wish you health and success, guys. I wish you less "work".


      There is no more successful special group in the world than our Alfovtsy! That's where the strength of the Russian spirit and weapons !!!
  2. jjj
    jjj 9 January 2014 09: 41
    +7
    Good health to veterans. Let the wounds not ache, let the soul not hurt
  3. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 9 January 2014 09: 41
    +6
    I respect Alpha and Pennant to the brain and bones, courageous guys. Probably the most reference operation is the capture of Amin’s palace. Perhaps there is even better, but we will never know about them.

    By the way, it was necessary to combine the article with the "Alfa-2014 calendar" (chic equipment), so to speak from history to the future.
  4. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 9 January 2014 09: 42
    +3
    More information about this unit ... Very interesting.
    1. avt
      avt 9 January 2014 10: 21
      +3
      Quote: Vasia Kruger
      More information about this unit ..

      laughing At one time, in general, they were assigned to the department "C" of the PGU of the KGB of the USSR, who discloses this. Do you think Drozdov will write detailed memoirs about them and "Pennant" will write? Only at the level of large operations such as "Nord Ost", Beslan, God forbid, and here are the advertising calendars.
      1. lukke
        lukke 9 January 2014 10: 30
        +1
        Department "A" was not part of Department "C"
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel 9 January 2014 13: 51
      +3
      Anti-terrorist unit "A" was created on the personal initiative of Yu.V. Andopov on the basis of the 5th GU KGB of the USSR, but in view of a more powerful training center, the 7th GU KGB of the USSR was transferred. Date of birth - July 29, 1974. In September, the hero of the Soviet Union (border guard, Damansky) General V.D. Bubenin was appointed the commander of the group. With the collapse of the USSR, the main structure of "Alpha" was disbanded by Yeltsin and transferred to the structures of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The Alpha officers went into the reserve, resigned. In fact, "Alpha" with that training and in that capacity has ceased to dry out. Today there are 5 departments of Alpha, 1 in Chechnya, but this is just a good parody of that Alpha, where it took at least 5 years to become a full-fledged fighter.
      1. lukke
        lukke 9 January 2014 16: 22
        +1
        In fact, "Alpha" with that training and in that capacity has ceased to dry out. Today there are 5 departments of "Alpha", 1 in Chechnya, but this is just good parody to that "Alpha", where it took at least 5 years to become a full-fledged fighter

        Yah? and the boys don’t even know ...
        If we take a fighter of the initial period of the unit, then he will already noticeably give way to the current one at least (we won’t take the moral and ethical side now)
        1.physics (now the selection conditions are tougher and the daily workload cannot be compared with the 80s)
        2. combat experience of use (then there were no 2 Chechen ones, etc.)
        3. technical equipment
        A morale and morale is confident at the same level
        If it can be compared like hockey - take the game of the 70s and now - other speeds, etc.
        1. Captain Vrungel
          Captain Vrungel 9 January 2014 18: 13
          +4
          Do not confuse "Alpha" with the police special forces. "Alpha" was one for the entire Soviet Union as "Pennant", "Cascade" and performed a specific task (Until 93, not a single operation failed. Their actions were included in the textbooks of the special services of many countries. Including the USA and Israel.) They were fighters ( officers). inconspicuous, discreet, non-public. They acted with intelligence backed by skill.
          1. Captain Vrungel
            Captain Vrungel 9 January 2014 18: 56
            +2
            Axioms of the "Alpha" group.
            1. Svateev
              Svateev 10 January 2014 00: 26
              0
              Quote: Captain Vrungel
              Axioms of the "Alpha" group.


              Is there a beginning? Very clever axioms, I would like to read from the beginning.
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 10 January 2014 00: 30
                0
                See here: http://www.kontra20.ru/p/54-strelkovyje-aksiomy/
          2. lukke
            lukke 9 January 2014 20: 00
            +2
            Unlike you, I just do not confuse them, because in my previous service I came across the staff of the "A" Department, and you obviously have read books and are babbling in a poetic style:
            These were fighters (officers) inconspicuous, discreet
            Well, for general information: there were officers and warrant officers in it (as a rule they studied in absentia at some university), after receiving diplomas they received officer ranks
            And about one for the entire USSR - I agree, only in the Union were its regional units created.
            less pathetics - more work ...
            1. Captain Vrungel
              Captain Vrungel 10 January 2014 17: 40
              0
              Unlike you, lukke, for reference. 83-87 y. On the basis of special forces of the 47th Kerkinsky Red Banner Border Detachment, soldiers of the special forces of the KGB of the USSR underwent combat training as part of the DShMG, MMG on the territory of Afghanistan. 125 fighters of the anti-terrorist subdivision "A", "Alpha" have undergone combat training. I personally know Viktor Karpukhin from service in the ORDG (unfortunately, who left early).
              1. lukke
                lukke 12 January 2014 16: 06
                0
                I do not understand what you have led all this (copied theses of Mikhail Stepnov from the forum "Border") ?! And I also don’t understand what you disagreed with ...
              2. The comment was deleted.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Russ69
        Russ69 15 January 2014 00: 39
        0
        Quote: Captain Vrungel
        the main staff of "Alpha" was disbanded by Yeltsin

        Almost all officers, after the EBN came to power, refused to serve and wrote a resignation report. Somewhere video, there is a story of one of the former Alfovets.
    3. Igor Golov
      Igor Golov 15 January 2014 00: 23
      0
      More Information here: http://www.specnaz.ru/
  5. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 9 January 2014 10: 48
    +1
    Elite Elite ... Thanks for the stuff. Goes to a personal archiver.
    1. typhoon7
      typhoon7 9 January 2014 19: 08
      +1
      I subscribe to your comment. ALPHE RESPECT! To the author +.
  6. Prapor-527
    Prapor-527 9 January 2014 12: 04
    +1
    Thank you guys for everything you do! HUGE respect and bow to the fallen ...
  7. brn521
    brn521 9 January 2014 14: 33
    -1
    Quote: Vasia Kruger
    More information about this unit ... Very interesting.

    It seems that I came across an Afghan collection about 15 years ago. There seemed to be like the memories of the alpha member were. Hopefully not fiction. But I don't really know how to score in Google yet. There was something about the assault on the palace on the BMP. In addition to the generosity of the local command, they gave "Shilka" - that's all visible help. The value of the Shilka was relative, it didn’t break through the walls (then I read from the helicopter pilot’s memoirs that such walls didn’t even take missiles), but it forced enemy shooters who found themselves in the area of ​​fire to hide. And so they left only due to many years of training and a stock of grenades during the cleanup. The lead in shooting was sometimes a fraction of a second - they fired first and more accurately. Almost everyone was wounded, the density of the fire was such that the first one who put his leg out of the BMP was shot through. Well, another episode, how they later tried to drag them to the authorities over the plundering of the palace. As is usually the case, the cleared-out palace attracted more prowled military men, who seized some of the laurels and the main valuable junk for themselves, and to divert their eyes they riveted a denunciation of the Alpha members. That's roughly what I remember.
    And it’s really interesting how one could manage to storm an object of a similar class without preliminary artillery preparation. In my opinion, even if you’re at least three times an Alfovets, you can’t squander one trunk against a heap anyway.
    Well, still, not a legend, not a rumor about how the Alfovites refused to support Yeltsin during the coup.
  8. ko88
    ko88 9 January 2014 22: 59
    0
    best in the world bully
  9. brn521
    brn521 10 January 2014 13: 03
    0
    So no one came across that book? Sorry, I would reread it. And I don’t even remember the name. The same assault on Amin’s palace on BMPs, in bulletproof vests, with Kalash and grenades is something mysterious to me. Just some magicians. The local population still was also an excellent shooter. Is that the factor of surprise came to the rescue.
    Quote: Captain Vrungel
    Today there are 5 departments of Alpha, 1 in Chechnya, but this is just a good parody of that Alpha, where it took at least 5 years to become a full-fledged fighter.

    As far as I remember from that book, they trained for 5 years, not because there was such a training program, but because they were not assigned tasks for a long time. The result is the capture of Amin’s palace, where all these years of training have given corresponding results. The target, which was in the zone of visibility, immediately caught a bullet, not having time to really make out what was happening, which didn’t turn out - a grenade.
    And so I would not oppose units that solve similar problems. One way or another, the specifics will eventually reduce everything to a single denominator.
    Quote: Captain Vrungel
    Axioms of the "Alpha" group.

    Quote: Alex 241
    See here: http://www.kontra20.ru/p/54-strelkovyje-aksiomy/

    Honestly, there is a lot of water. All these recurring points about the quality and effectiveness of shooting, it is like a recurring requirement when walking to rearrange legs one after another, in turn. As if shots were generally taken from recruits. Of course, for all special forces of this kind, effective shooting should be as natural as breathing, or at least as good as reading and writing.
    I don’t agree about biceps and hand-to-hand fighting. A physically trained fighter acts much more efficiently and continues to maintain this effectiveness, even after receiving a serious injury. About PM and Glock, are we still sitting in the same pool with kickbacks that Karden wrote about? In theory, employees of units of this kind should have a wide choice. They must decide what to use. I am sure that in this case, PM-y does not shine. Even with a well-stocked assortment, Stechkin is a permanent leader. APS-PSS-PSM line. PM-u can not fit in it, except from extreme poverty. A number of points point out the narrow range of tasks to be solved, but this is how it should be.
    Quote: lukke
    If we take a fighter of the initial period of the unit, then he will already noticeably yield to the current

    Of course, progress does not stand still. But I’m sure, if they were in the current conditions, they would quickly catch up. I wonder what their current fate is. I hope that everything is in order, such people obviously just do not disappear and do not suck.
    Quote: lukke
    less pathetics - more work ...

    What business could be in such a discussion? The whole problem was that there was a careless juxtaposition of those and current Alfovets. That was a mistake.
    1. lukke
      lukke 10 January 2014 16: 14
      0
      What business could be in such a discussion?

      The point is the study of the issue under discussion wink
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. brn521
    brn521 10 January 2014 20: 05
    0
    Quote: lukke
    The point is the study of the issue under discussion

    Well, if you study specifically, then open forums here are not at the box office. Take, for example, the blog of one. There we can learn a lot. What does he look like, what some of his colleagues look like, to estimate where he lives, to find out the marital status. And even such trifles as reluctance to wear anti-fragmentation trousers for fear that a bullet will pierce them and begin to walk around the meat. That is, figuratively speaking, you can knock out such a commando out of action by floundering at random from around the corner of the legs with buckshot of a rusty sawn-off shotgun. It would seem a trifle, but it is still theoretically wrong that such infa is in the public domain. The same Chechens are sometimes quite stubborn and can almost get out of the ground to take revenge.
    So what about the case can only be abstractly discussed. The specialists themselves are not enemies, and they will hardly spread specifics.
  11. AlexDetto
    AlexDetto 2 June 2020 18: 59
    +2
    For some reason everyone knows and screaming about Alpha, although I do other special units and risk no less ...