Military Review

One more step into the future. UAVs en route to US airspace

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One more step into the future. UAVs en route to US airspace

Federal Office of Civil aviation The United States has identified six states where various civilian drone methods will be tested.


The winners in the hardcore contest involving 24 candidates were Alaska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas and Virginia. The selection criteria included, in particular, the topographic and climatic diversity and the intensity of aviation flows near the proposed testing sites.

Congress instructed the Civil Aviation Authority to develop a drone movement control system in the country's airspace by 2015.

After five years, according to the plans, seven and a half thousand small-sized drones can be used to identify the centers of forest fires, monitor people suspected of committing crimes, select locations for full-scale filming and inspect pipelines.

“Safety is our main concern,” officials say, referring to equipping drones with instruments that will allow them to detect other aircraft in a timely manner and avoid collisions with them.

The first point of testing drones should be operational within six months and will work until the 2017 year.

Working at testing sites, creating a protocol, taking security measures into account, honing flight regulations, a machine accounting system, will allow the USA to become the first country in the world where drones will be fully integrated into all national airspace.

The breath of the future is already noticeable.

Recall that recently Teal Group Corp. has already published its tenth report on the global UAV market. By 2023, the market will increase from the current 5,2 billions to 11,6 billions, and investment in research and development will rise from 1,9 to 4 billions. The US will occupy the 65% R & D market and 51% sales. Impressive and investment in research and development work on stuffing drones. This is primarily about radars, sensor cameras, electronics, etc. According to forecasts, 2013 billion dollars was invested in the filling in 2,3, and this sum will increase to 4,6 billion by 2022. It is expected that within ten years the 22 010 mini-UAV, 2 259 small tactical, 1 695 tactical, 828 medium-altitude long duration, 436 sea, 105 high-altitude long duration and 87 impact drone will be procured in the world.

Domestic demand for UAVs is growing in the USA. According to the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection of the US Department of Homeland Security has already made more than 500 Predator UAV sorties (and not only in the border areas of the country) as part of helping various security agencies (police, FBI, drug control, etc.). .P.). Back in April 2012 of the Year, the Electronic Frontier Foundation published a list of 60 government organizations that received permission from the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to use unmanned aerial vehicles. Also last year, the US Congress passed a law obliging the FAA by September 2015 to introduce the widespread practice of issuing licenses and create a working system for incorporating commercial UAVs into US air traffic. It even goes about issuing license plates flying drones. It is expected that by 2020, the 15 000 drones will fly in US airspace, and by 2030 all 30 000 machines will fly.

The Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) predicts that in 10 over the years, the contribution of the commercial drones industry to the US economy will amount to 80 billion dollars, and more than 100 thousands of new jobs will be created.
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  1. makarov
    makarov 6 January 2014 10: 40
    0
    I don’t want to lie, but recently I read about the referendum in one of the American cities, where there is a question of allowing residents to shoot drones from small arms, a preliminary license costs 25 dolars. Looks like the Americans themselves got their own drones ...
  2. your1970
    your1970 6 January 2014 11: 04
    +2
    Astalavista baby....
    we will wait for his arrival, everything goes to this
  3. kelevra
    kelevra 6 January 2014 11: 29
    0
    It seems like it’s not going to lead to good!
  4. alone
    alone 6 January 2014 11: 30
    0
    Vultures are still strong. So it’s too early to write them off.
  5. Same lech
    Same lech 6 January 2014 11: 49
    +1
    After five years, according to the plans, seven and a half thousand small-sized drones can be used to identify the centers of forest fires, monitor people suspected of committing crimes, select locations for full-scale filming and inspect pipelines.

    I would add that NOW every US citizen will be under the constant vigilant control of not only the NSA but also other special services of this POLICE STATE.

    Now, not a single citizen of the country will be able to fart without the knowledge of the US government-they survived what is called.
  6. Zomanus
    Zomanus 6 January 2014 13: 44
    0
    Interestingly, drones will immediately be equipped with missiles? Hmm, if you imagine four-screw crap looking at your window, it’s really cool. For the sake of such an opportunity and a couple of terrorist attacks against its population, it is not a pity.
  7. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 6 January 2014 22: 51
    0
    Rich market.
    MOSCOW, 6 January. (ARMS-TASS)... The volume of the world market for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the next 10 years (2014-2023) will amount to 67,3 billion dollars, the American weekly Aviation Week and Space Technology reported, citing analysts from Forcast International.
    According to the publication, despite the reduction in defense spending in the United States, the UAV market for reconnaissance and strike operations will amount to 67,3 billion dollars in the prices of FNG 2014. About 35,6 billion dollars will be spent on the production of unmanned vehicles, 28,7 billion dollars - on research and development in the field of unmanned vehicles, 2-3 billion - on the maintenance of UAVs.
    Production costs will be distributed as follows: production of UAVs 14,2 billion dollars, production of ground control stations 6,6 billion dollars, release of onboard payloads 14,8 billion dollars.
    The United States will remain the largest player in the global UAV market, they will account for 37,8 percent. The share of Israel will be 3,3 percent, European countries - 2,85 percent, all other countries - 41,17 percent. Incomplete contracts will account for 8,88 percent.
    In the field of R&D financing for unmanned vehicles with a total volume of 28,68 billion, the leading positions in 2014-2023 were held. will be occupied by the USA - 11 billion dollars or 38,36 percent of all world expenses. 7,7 billion dollars (26,85 percent) will fall to the Asian region, 5,2 billion dollars (18,14 percent) to the region of Western Europe, 2,5 billion dollars (8,72 percent), and 1,9 billion (6,59 percent) to the Middle East region , Latin American countries - 0,38 billion dollars (1,34 percent).
    In the manufacturing sector, which will amount to 35,6 billion dollars, the costs will be distributed as follows. The leader will be the sector for the production of medium-high UAVs with a long flight duration of the MALE type (medium-altitude, long-endurance) - 13,7 billion dollars (38,5 percent). 8,6 billion dollars (24,1 per cent) will be spent on the production of tactical UAVs, 7,3 billion dollars (20,5 per cent) on high-altitude long-duration UAVs of the HALE type (3 per cent), and 8,4 billion dollars on vertical take-off and landing UAVs (1,7 percent), for UCAV (unmanned combat air vehicle) type UAVs — 4,8 billion dollars (1,3 percent), for hand-launched portable UAVs — 3,6 billion dollars (XNUMX percent).
    Among the main manufacturers of UAVs, the places will be distributed as follows: Northrop Grumman with the Global Hawk UAV - 18,2%, General Atomics with the Predator UAV family - 15,5%, AAI with the Shadow UAV - 2,2 , 1,9%, Israel Aircraft Industries with Heron UAV - 1,6%, Boeing with Scan Eagle UAV - 60,6%. All other global UAV manufacturing companies will account for XNUMX percent.