The outgoing year - even though 2013 was extremely successful in terms of implementing shipbuilding programs of the Russian Navy. Total displacement of all transmitted the fleet warships almost doubled that of 2012. And this is without taking into account the combat and auxiliary units laid down and launched into the water!
By chance in 2013, the grandiose projects of the past came to a final - for example, on December 30, the unique K-560 submarine Severodvinsk will be handed over to the fleet. Sailors have been waiting for this event for more than 20 years - from a distant 1993 year. And then, finally, it happened - the first Russian submarine of the 4 generation was enlisted in the Northern Fleet.
December 23 hosted the transfer to the fleet of K-550 "Alexander Nevsky" - the second strategic missile submarine of the strategic purpose XRUMX Ave. "Borey". 955 thousand tons of steel structures. Armament - Bulava ballistic missiles. Nevsky is much younger than Severodvinsk: its construction took a little less than 15 years (tab - March 10).
Of the other new ships worth noting missile corvettes pr 20380. In the outgoing year, the Baltic Fleet was supplemented with the corvette “Boky” (built during 8 years, from 2005 onwards). But that is not all. December 25 went to factory trials next, the fourth in a row, the corvette "Resistant": the transfer of this ship will take place approximately in the first half of 2014 year.
The corvette “Perfect”, destined for the Pacific Fleet, was a little delayed in terms of commissioning. The construction of the ship at the Amur Shipyard was suspended due to a significant excess of the estimate (initially the cost of construction was estimated at 7 billion rubles). Corvette will be tested in 2014 year.
Despite the obvious progress and a solid amount of combat units transferred to the fleet (two nuclear submarines - a formidable force), the construction deadlines worthy of the Guinness Book of Records are still suspicious: 8 years for the corvette (coastal missile defense crew) total displacement of 2200 tons ... Interesting How long at this pace will take the construction of 10-tysyachtonnogo destroyer? A rhetorical question, no answer is required. All hope for the gradual development of domestic shipbuilding and acceleration of construction in the near future, the 4,5 trillion was allocated for this purpose within the state defense order. rubles, and the shipbuilding industry itself is under the watchful supervision of the state.
Another surprising feature of shipbuilding programs is a wide range of auxiliary ships and support vessels projects being built in the interests of the Navy. On the one hand, this technique is the backbone of any fleet — without it, formidable cruisers will lose the lion’s share of their combat capability. On the other hand, the situation is when the fleet replenishes 1-2 with corvettes over the course of a year, but the Navy leadership massively creates orders for large and small hydrographic vessels (three projects at once!), Communication vessels (in the era of satellite phones and helicopters!) And other, undoubtedly, useful, but far from the most necessary technique, it all looks like an obvious imbalance against the background of the overall development of the Navy. A man in the street has the right to ask a reasonable question: should a war happen tomorrow - will we fight with oceanographers and connected advices? Why “waste funds” on such projects at a time when there is not enough power and resources to build normal warships?
Vessel communication pr. 1388H3
Oceanographic ship pr. 22010 "Yantar"
Spiteful critics say about the notorious "development of allocated funds." But, according to the personal conviction of the author, the domestic shipbuilding industry only does what it can do. The main thing - do not stand still. In the future, destroyers will be assembled with the hands of these guys - so let them train on hydrographs and oceanographers as long as there is such an opportunity. The funds will not be spent in vain, such equipment will certainly be useful for naval sailors.
Two nuclear-powered ships, a corvette and two small rocket ships. These are the overall results for the 2013 year. It is no secret that the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) was able to achieve these successes due to the completion and commissioning of ships laid many years ago.
But will it be possible to repeat these results next year?
Plans for 2014 year
“Oh, how much is not done. And how much remains to be done! ” The old naval joke well describes the current situation in the USC. The following year, the launch of the operation of a significant number of ships. It remains unclear when the issue with the frigate "Admiral Gorshkov" (the lead ship of the 22350 Ave.) will be resolved. The new, heavily armed frigate, positioned as a kind of replacement for destroyers, was launched in the 2010 year, but so far has not managed to go to the factory running tests.
And what happens to the large landing ship "Ivan Gren"? It is being built from the 2004 year, and, obviously, will continue to be built in the future.
The BDK Ave. 11711 "Ivan Gren" was created on the basis of the drawings of the Soviet BDK Ave. 1171 "Tapir" - extremely successful ships, for more than 40 years of service in the domestic fleet. Strong, reliable transport platform with a nasal ramp. Interestingly, when the USSR such BDK built without unnecessary talk for a half - a maximum of two years. Baked like hot cakes.
"Ivan Gren". No complex missile systems and radars with AFAR - however, the construction of the “Grena” stretched for 10 + years
In general, there were a lot of questions about USC. But, fortunately, the situation is not as critical as it might have seemed at first glance - the next year promises to bring many bright surprises.
First of all, we are talking about submarines: in December of the outgoing year, state trials of the third SSBN from the Boreev family - K-551 "Vladimir Monomakh" began. Unlike its predecessors, long-term construction, this submarine cruiser was built from 2006 year - and now, already a year, how it is afloat, going through various stages of the ZHI / GIS. It is planned that the boat will join the fleet at the beginning of 2014 of the year.
Another expected ship is the Novorossiysk B-261 multi-purpose diesel-electric submarine, which is being built according to the 636.3 project. (modernized "Varshavyanka"). In the “stealth” parameter, the diesel-electric submarines of this type surpass any of the existing nuclear submarines. “Black Holes” - this is what the Warsawyankas in the West have received. Novorossiysk will be commissioned with an updated composition of weapons - instead of part of the missile ammunition, the boat will be equipped with cruise missiles of the Caliber complex. B-261 "Novorossiysk" was launched in November 2013, and is scheduled for transfer to the Navy in the summer of 2014.
The third large combat unit is the Vladivostok landing helicopter carrier. The head representative of the family "Mistral a la Rus." The result of the joint efforts of USC, the French defense company DCNS and the South Korean corporation STX. A large 200-meter ship was laid at the shipyard at Saint-Nazaire on February 1 of the year 2012 - and in the summer the 2013 was launched. By this time, the aft part of Vladivostok, built on the capacities of the Baltiysky Zavod, arrived in Russia (according to the terms of the contract, 20% of the hull sections were built in Russia). The need for close cooperation with foreign colleagues has had the most beneficial effect on Russian shipbuilders. All done exactly and as soon as possible.
By October 16 2013, the French docked the stern with the UDC hull and lowered the finished ship into the water. In the coming months, DVKD-1 Vladivostok should be transferred to St. Petersburg, to the outfitting wall of the Severnaya Verf plant. USC specialists will only have to retrofit the ship with Russian armament, carry out a full cycle of factory and state tests, and then transfer the ship to the Pacific Fleet. In the fall of 2013, the formation of the crew for the first helicopter carrier as part of the Russian Navy began. Vladivostok is expected to join the Navy at the end of 2014.
Of particular interest is история with the frigate "Admiral Grigorovich" - the lead ship of the 11356 project. Being built as a cheaper replacement for superfrigates of 22350 Ave., which had not been tackled from the very beginning, Admiral Grigorovich was planned to be launched in the fall of 2013 of the year. Alas, there are just a few days left until the new year, but this event never happened. Despite the delay in construction, the frigate is in a high degree of readiness and can be accepted into the Navy by the end of next year.
Initially, two more frigates of the 2014 Ave - Admiral Essen and Admiral Makarov were scheduled for launch on 11356. But it seems that this joyful event will happen no earlier than 2015-16. The "Makarov" is still not completed the formation of the body. It is also necessary to take into account that after launching the ships will need at least another year to complete and saturate with all the necessary equipment. And after - a long cycle of ZHI / GIS.
The frigate of the Indian Navy F44 "Tabar" (export version of the frigates of the Ave. 11356 being built for the Russian Navy)
Corvettes! Here everything is the same. The plans are two units - "Resistant" and "Perfect" (project 20380). There is a high probability that in 2014, the composition of the Caspian flotilla will replenish the small rocket ship Velikiy Ustyug (RTOs of 21631 Ave. the cipher "Buyan-M").
On this list of warships of the Navy, whose entry into service is scheduled for 2014 year, ends unexpectedly. Total:
- underwater strategic missile carrier - 1 units;
- multipurpose diesel-electric submarines - 1 units;
- amphibious assault carrier - 1 units;
- Frigates pr. 22350 - 2 units. (let's hope that this time the epic with the Gorshkov will be completed, followed by the Admiral Kasatonov);
- frigates pr 11356 - 1-2 units;
- Corvettes pr 20380 - 2 units;
- MRK - 1 units
Few? Did you expect more?
The positive trend in shipbuilding, observed in 2012 and 2013, persists, and the fleet gradually increases its strength. In addition to the above equipment, you should not forget about the grandiose plans to modernize the nuclear Orlans - 13 June 2013 Sevmash received a contract for the modernization of the TARKR Admiral Nakhimov worth 50 billion rubles. (this is 1,5 times more than what was paid for both Mistral). As of December 2013, work is underway on the installation of facilities for carrying out repair work, fault detection and unloading of old equipment is underway on the cruiser. The first modernized "Orlan" promises to replenish the current composition of the Navy in 2018 year.
From the negative points: the construction dates are still not encouraging. Regularly there are scandals associated with the excess of estimates of the ships under construction and the search for the corruption component. The result is predictable - after a short time there should be a statement about the suspension of the serial construction of one or another type of ships (as happened with corvettes pr 20385). A statement from officials sounded at the end of the year about the inexpediency of the further construction of nuclear submarines of the 4 generation, 885 Ave. "Ash" and "Yasen-M". Allegedly, the boats have an exorbitant cost, because the initial plans for the construction of 8 submarines should be revised downwards. And as their replacement, you need to develop a project of a simpler and cheaper submarine for mass production.
Finally, the banal absence of large surface units - missile cruisers, destroyers ... This can only be dreamed of. Ships of similar size to modern frigates, according to the classification of the Soviet Navy, were held only as “watchdogs” or BOD of the second rank. Small things, small "change coins", built in series of 30 and more pieces. Ehh ... (in the hearts of a wave of his hand).
In general, there are enough problems. And they need to be addressed.
Next year, 2014, the USC has every chance to preserve and increase the results achieved in previous years. And to do this not only by commissioning long-term construction projects, but also to realize truly ambitious plans of our time!
So we wish the domestic shipbuilders celebrate the outgoing year according to the rules, and then proceed to the shock work to break all the records of previous years!
There are no guns and missiles on this ship, but it can be safely considered a warship. The large reconnaissance ship of the Russian Navy "Yuri Ivanov" (Ave. 18280), launched in September 2013. According to the plan, should be operational until the end of 2014. It is these scouts who are following the squadrons of the “probable enemy” in the Mediterranean, in the Sea of Japan, in the Indian Ocean, and then - everywhere
K-560 "Severodvinsk", in the background - heavy nuclear missile cruiser of the 1144 "Admiral Ushakov"
Corvette "lively". Posted by Timofeev Yu. P. aka reflex_yu (Balancer Marine Forum)
We will raise a toast today
For all who are away from home,
For those who are in New Year's Eve
Leads to the lighthouses ships.
For all who are away from home,
For those who are in New Year's Eve
Leads to the lighthouses ships.