Military Review

Caterpillar and wheel: complementing each other

16
Caterpillar and wheel: complementing each other
The newest VAB Mk3 from Renault Trucks Defense, equipped with hinged armor and turret from BAE Systems Land Systems South Africa



Both tracked and wheeled armored vehicles (Combat armored vehicles) have their advantages and disadvantages. However, the operation of both types of machines leads to a better operational interaction and allows troops to meet a larger range of requirements.

The debate over whether the BBM should be tracked or wheeled should go on for many years and it is unlikely that it will be resolved at all.

Each type of machine has advantages and disadvantages, but ultimately, the decision is made on the basis of operational requirements and the terrain on which the platforms will be deployed.

In general, tracked vehicles have better off-road maneuverability compared to wheeled counterparts, while low specific ground pressure allows to have significant advantages in all types of terrain.

In addition, tracked vehicles usually have higher booking levels, and a low profile means that they are harder to detect on the battlefield.

Noise levels

However, tracked BBM initially cost more. They require more maintenance and hours of training. They are also much noisier due to the vibration of the undercarriage and the tracks.

The noise level can be reduced by rubber tracks, which are already installed on M113 series machines in several countries. They were also installed on the heavier CVNNXX 35-ton tracked vehicles from BAE Systems Hägglunds.

Rubber tracks are also lighter than steel tracks and have a reduced vibration level, thus they increase crew comfort and reliability of on-board electronic systems.

Meanwhile, the cost of operating and maintaining wheeled vehicles is less than the cost of tracked counterparts. They also have better strategic mobility, since they do not need specialized vehicles to transport heavy military equipment over long distances.
There is a clear trend in the deployment of an increasing number of wheeled machines 8x8, since they have an increased capacity and internal volume compared to platforms 6x6. 8x8 wheel formula machines can perform a wider range of tasks and adopt more weapon systems. However, the 6x6 machines are more compact, which makes them suitable for use in a confined space common for urban operations. In addition to all-wheel drive, some 6xXNNXX and 6x8 configurations have single-axle power steering.

An increasing number of wheeled vehicles is equipped with a centralized wheel inflation system, allowing the driver to adjust the pressure depending on the type of terrain. Also, anti-puncture inserts are installed in the wheels as standard. This allows the machine to "return home" in case of severely damaged wheels.

However, there are restrictions on the total mass of wheeled platforms, since with its increase the mobility and the possibility of their deployment are significantly reduced. Machines typically have a lifespan of approximately 30 years and must have some growth potential in order to accept future changes in requirements and the addition of new technologies.

Danish design

The Danish army still operates a large fleet of tracked armored vehicles, the M113, but has begun a competition to replace them. Within its framework, five cars passed intensive tests, which ended at the end of September 2013.

The needs of the country range from 206 to 450 machines, the signing of a contract for the supply of new platforms is expected in February 2014 year. The Danish army has not yet decided which vehicle it needs, tracked or wheeled, and has tested both types of vehicles.

Three tracked vehicles participated in the competition: a modified version of the CV90 Armadillo from BAE Systems Hägglunds, the Protected Mission Module Carrier G5 from FFG and ASCOD 2 from the company General Dynamics European Land Systems - Santa Bárbara Sistemas.



Further development of the CV90 Armadillo resulted in a larger internal volume variant in order to meet the potential requirements of the Danish army as part of its M113 fleet replacement program.


Two "wheel" participants who took part in the competition were in 8x8 configuration. These are Piranha 5 from General Dynamics European Land Systems Mowag and Véhicule Blindé de Combat d'Infanterie (VBCI) from the French company Nexter.


A brief video review of the project on the family of armored combat vehicles ASCOD with Russian subtitles

The production of the Piranha 5 was launched with great fanfare in the 2010 year, but this machine has not yet received a solid contract, while the VBCI machine is mass-produced for the French army and has already participated in the hostilities in Afghanistan, Lebanon and Mali.



Nexter's VBCI at IDEX 2013


French wheels

Until recently, France operated tracked BMX AMX-10P from Nexter and Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé (VAB) 4х4 from Renault Trucks. AMX-10P is currently being replaced by VBCI. At first they intended to order 700 machines, but later this figure was reduced to 630. The army received the first VBCI serial machines in 2008, more than 450 units have been delivered to date, and the latest platforms are expected to be delivered by 2015. Thus, to maintain production capacity, new export orders will be required.

From the 630, the 520 machines ordered will be in the configuration of the BMV Véhicule de Combat d'Infanterie ICV and the remaining 110 in the configuration of the Véhicule Poste de Commandement command post.



The newest VAB Mk3 version with TRT-25 tower from BAE Systems


The French army currently operates 3975 VAB machines in 40 different versions, the first deliveries of which were made in 1976 year. The Army intends to replace its VAB armored personnel carriers with the new Véhicule Blindé Multirôles (VBMR) vehicle, which is supposed to have the 6x6 configuration and the total weight of 20 tons.

It is expected that Nexter Systems and Renault Trucks Defense will compete for this contract, although non-local contractors may submit bids under its terms.

While the French army has yet to confirm its needs for VBMR, Renault Trucks Defense went ahead and developed the VAB version Mk3, which will be offered on the market only in the 6 × 6 configuration.

This vehicle has a total weight of up to 20 tons, of which 7,5 tons are for the crew, weapons, ammunition and protection kit. It was first shown in the middle of 2012, and a pre-production batch is currently underway.

Mixing

For many years, the German army maintained a balanced ratio of medium-weight tracked and wheeled armored vehicles.
The existing Rheinmetall tracked BMP Marder must be replaced by the Puma tracked BMP. At first it was supposed to make a total of 405 machines, but then this number was reduced to 350.

The German tracked vehicle fleet M113 and part of the Rheinmetall Fuchs 6x6 series are also being replaced by the Boxer 8x8 Multi-Role Armored Vehicle (MRAV) multi-purpose armored vehicle. Perhaps this machine, which has already served in Afghanistan, is the most protected in its class.

The German Army takes delivery of 272 units in various configurations, which include: 125 BTR; 72 sanitary; 65 command posts and 10 driver training machines.

For the export market, Rheinmetall developed the BMP Boxer, which is equipped with a two-seat Lance turret armed with a stabilized 30-mm Mauser cannon and an 7,62-mm coaxial machine gun. This tower is already installed on the body of the Piranha IIIC 8х8, which is in service with the Spanish marines.



The Rheinmetall Boxer BMP is equipped with a modular Lance turret armed with a stabilized 30-mm cannon and a paired 7,62-mm machine gun



Short video description of a military armored vehicle BOXER with Russian subtitles

The German army accepted the delivery of 996 Fuchs 6x6 vehicles in various configurations from Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles; all of them are constantly undergoing scheduled upgrades. While some of Fuchs’s functions are being transferred to the Boxer, it is expected to remain in service for some time. The newest version of Fuchs 1A8 has received many improvements, including an upgraded suspension and enhanced protection.

Deal on wheels

The Italian army was one of the first countries in Europe to move from a fully tracked fleet to a more balanced fleet of wheeled and tracked armored vehicles.

Army deploys 200 tanks Ariete and the 200 Dardo tracked infantry fighting vehicles designed and manufactured by the CIO Consortium, a joint venture between Iveco Defense Vehicles and Oto Melara.

Iveco Defense Vehicles is responsible for the wheeled vehicles, the undercarriage and the power unit of the tracked and wheeled armored vehicles, and Oto Melara is in turn responsible for the tracked vehicles, as well as turrets and weapon systems for both types of vehicles.

The Italian army received the Centauro 400x8 8 machines, and the 84 machines were delivered to Spain. They have a three-person Oto Melara tower with an 105-mm cannon with low recoil force. Further development led to the creation of a variant of Centauro with an 120-mm cannon for the Royal Guard of Oman.



BMP Freccia 8 × 8 Italian Army


BMP Freccia 8х8 also increasingly enters the Italian army. More specialized options were developed, for example, a command post, an ARVA and a mortar installation.

The latest development on the basis of the Freccia is the SuperAV 8х8 version with a new body optimized for amphibious operations. It has an increased level of protection and is driven by two propellers in the water. It is expected that it will be purchased by the Italian army and navy in order to replace its tracked vehicles.


The SuperAV 8 × 8 floating machine (pictured without weapons) was developed by Iveco to meet the requirements of the Italian army.


A bit of both

The Dutch army traditionally exploited a fleet of tracked vehicles, but is currently moving, along with other countries, towards a more balanced fleet of tracked and wheeled platforms.

The army has already received all 184 BME BAE Systems Hägglunds CV9035 Mk III, which replaced the tracked YPR-765.

The rest of the more specialized YPR-765 options will be replaced by the Boxer MRAV ARTEC 200 machines. They are similar to German cars, but have other communication equipment and a remotely controlled Kongsberg Protector combat module with an M12,7 HB 2-mm machine gun.

Boxer machines will be supplied to the Dutch Army from 2013 to 2016 year. The above number of 200 machines will be divided in the following proportions: 60 command posts, 52 ambulances, 27 trucks, 53 engineering and 8 driver training machines.

As for the Russian army, it always had a balanced fleet of tracked and wheeled vehicles, and this trend is likely to continue.
The fleet of tracked vehicles of the Russian army consists of BMP-1, BMP-2 and BMP-3; they can all swim with minimal training. The BMP-3 has the most powerful armament complex among the machines in its class in the world and, as a result, achieved great success in deliveries abroad. It was sold to Kuwait, Indonesia, South Korea, Syria and the United Arab Emirates, and most recently to Venezuela and possibly Algeria.

The original floating BTR-60 8х8 entered service with the Soviet army back in the distant 1961 year, and since then it has passed more than one modernization. It was followed by variants of the BTR-70, the BTR-80 and most recently the BTR-82.

Southern systems

The South African National Defense Forces have extensive combat experience in southern Africa. With the exception of the Olifant tank, all of their BBM are wheeled. The largest wheeled vehicle is the G6 155 mm / 45 caliber gun from Denel Land Systems (DLS), weighing about 47 tons.

The main BMP is the Ratel 6x6 from BAE Systems Land Systems South Africa, which must be replaced by the Patria armored modular vehicle (AMV) variant, named Badger.

After testing five prototype machines in September 2013, DLS was awarded a contract for Badger 238 machines in five variants that have a common turret. DLS is the main contractor, and Patria is a subcontractor here and will deliver a small batch of complete chassis before starting full-scale production. The machine Badger is a further development of the AMV, the main improvements include the turret and weapon system from the DLS.





Option AMV, received in South Africa, the name Badger, from different angles


The US Army was a strong supporter of tracked vehicles over 60 for years and has on its 6452 BMP balance sheet M2 Bradley and M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicles manufactured by BAE Systems; the last deliveries were made back in February 1995.

Since its first deployment, the Bradley BMP has been constantly upgraded. The newest option is the A3, but all the options are equipped with a dual-feed 25-mm M242 turret from ATK Armament Systems.

Many special tasks are still performed by outdated tracked BTR M113A3. The beginning of the development of the original design dates back to the end of 50's, and the first production machines were made in 1960 year.

Over 74000 machines M113 in a variety of options were made by the United States and Italy (under a licensing agreement). However, according to modern standards, the M113A3 is very outdated because it does not have the mobility and protection necessary for joint operations with the M2 Bradley infantry fighting vehicle and the M1A1 / A2 Abrams tank.

For this reason, the US Army hopes to deploy Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) multi-purpose armored vehicles in five basic options: mortar set-up, command post, evacuation of the wounded, sanitary and universal.

Platform potential

There are several potential candidates for the AMPV project, including the deeply modified Bradley BMP, as well as wheeled vehicles, such as the Stryker DVH (double-V hull) with a double V-main body, and even the Stryker tracked BTR.


One of the first machines M1126 Stryker in the version of DVH


The American army at one time held a competition for a combat vehicle for an average brigade and tested two tracked and one wheeled vehicles. According to the results of the competition, a wheeled vehicle from General Dynamics Land Systems was selected, which is a modified version of the LAV-III. Subsequently, she received the designation M1126 Stryker. It was made over 4000 machines, and the newest version with enhanced protection Stryker DVH and was proposed for the project AMPV.

While in some countries there is a tendency to deploy wheeled armored vehicles rather than tracked vehicles, most still choose a balanced fleet of vehicles, since each type has its own unique advantages.

However, there are questions to some new machines configuration 8х8 with a gross weight over 30 tons, regarding cross-country maneuverability. Weight gain is determined by the end user, requiring more volume, payload and protection. And as long as this trend continues, the machines will become heavier, more expensive and more and more difficult to deploy.

In addition to wheeled armored vehicles entering the army in ever-increasing quantities, there is also a tendency to develop and deploy wheeled artillery systems. France, for example, replaces all its tracked and towed 155-mm cannons on CAESAR 155 mm / 52 SAUs from Nexter’s caliber on the chassis of the 6x6 truck, which were also sold to Indonesia, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.landwarfareintl.com/
16 comments
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  1. realist
    realist 27 December 2013 09: 49
    +5
    Thanks to the author, an interesting article, but since the topic is very large - it’s natural that it is not fully covered, I will be glad to continue!
  2. Akim
    Akim 27 December 2013 09: 57
    +6
    The solid rubber track has a big drawback - if it breaks, everything needs to be changed.
    1. svp67
      svp67 27 December 2013 17: 19
      +1
      Quote: Akim
      The solid rubber track has a big drawback - if it breaks, everything needs to be changed.

      As far as I know, such a caterpillar is used in civilian vehicles, the army is equipped with metal-rubber caterpillars, and they are quite repairable ...
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 6 January 2014 11: 05
        0
        Quote: svp67
        Quote: Akim
        The solid rubber track has a big drawback - if it breaks, everything needs to be changed.

        As far as I know, such a caterpillar is used in civilian vehicles, the army is equipped with metal-rubber caterpillars, and they are quite repairable ...

        German BMD "Wiesel" has rubber tracks.

        On our tanks there is a caterpillar of RMSh (Rezino Metal Hinge). That is, the caterpillar itself is metal, but has rubber washers in the joint. Such a caterpillar goes much longer than an ordinary one.
        I have not heard of "metal-rubber" tracks.
        1. svp67
          svp67 6 January 2014 11: 10
          0
          Quote: Bad_gr
          I have not heard of "metal-rubber" tracks.

          Good day Vladimir. hi
          Yes, they heard, heard, and probably also saw more than once.
          Here is one of the samples - a track track of a Soviet T80 tank, on it not only RMSh, but also a rubber cushion, on a "treadmill" ...
          1. Bad_gr
            Bad_gr 6 January 2014 11: 26
            +1
            Quote: svp67
            track track of the Soviet T80 tank, on it not only RMSh, but also a rubber cushion, on the "treadmill" ...

            Good day, Sergey
            I knew about the T-80 caterpillar with its rubber track, but did not think that it was called "metal rubber". The very phrase did not come across.
            1. svp67
              svp67 6 January 2014 11: 36
              0
              But have you ever seen or heard such "miracles of Soviet engineering" on rubber-metal tracks?
              In 1962, the half-track UAZ-451C was tested.
              Built on the basis of the 451 series four-wheel drive, the machine was equipped with rubber-metal tracks.
              Several options have been tested. Initially, it was planned to remove the wheels and install skis in their place. Then, on the UAZ-451S2 model, the wheels remained in place, and the ski "slipped" on top of them. Strength, of course, suffered, but the transition from road to snow and back took much less time.
              During the test, experimental vehicles arrived from Novosibirsk to Ulyanovsk on their own.
              But the series did not go.
            2. svp67
              svp67 6 January 2014 11: 39
              0
              And here's another

              Snow tractor (Ratrak)

              Designed for the preparation of ski slopes.
              Produced by the Lviv branch of SPORTMASH
              Rubber-metal tracks and a diesel 80-horsepower engine in combination with a hydraulic transmission allowed the car to feel comfortable on 30-degree climbs.

              ZVM-2411 Uzola
              It is produced by ZVM CJSC (All-Terrain Vehicle Plant), sold by Spetstekh LLC.
              The lineup consists of the following models:
              Cargo all-terrain vehicle UZOLA ZVM-2411G
              Cargo and passenger all-terrain vehicle with a cabin for 5 people ZVM-2411GP
              Passenger all-terrain vehicle ZVM-2411P
              4xXNUMX front-wheel drive all-terrain vehicle
              Uzola all-terrain vehicle with UBShM drilling rig




              ____________________________
  3. erased
    erased 27 December 2013 10: 10
    +7
    As for the balance of the number of armored combat vehicles with different chassis, the author is right. But here we must remember the tasks for which these machines are created. This is about choosing a caterpillar wheel.
    As for the type of weapons, reservations, the number of seats - the same question is at the forefront, but on the other hand, what the machine does is transporting or fighting. Or both at once.
    It is foolish to turn an armored personnel carrier into a monster like a BMPT or a tank. An armored personnel carrier should not enter into a direct collision with an adversary. A BMP can fight, but to a limited extent.
    Hence it is worth dancing.
    By the way, it is very interesting to look at the new Kurganets and Boomerang. For what tasks they were created and what was given to them.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 27 December 2013 11: 09
      0
      Quote: erased
      By the way, it is very interesting to look at the new Kurganets and Boomerang ...

      Soon, by May 9 they promised. And it’s interesting to look at Armata already.
    2. bask
      bask 27 December 2013 22: 06
      +4
      Quote: erased
      makes a car - transport or fight. Or both at once.
      It is foolish to turn an armored personnel carrier into a monster like a BMPT or a tank. An armored personnel carrier should not enter into a direct collision with an adversary. A BMP can fight, but to a limited extent.
      Hence it is worth dancing.

      old This, in my opinion, is this main idea.
      A wheeled armored personnel carrier, it’s a taxi, a soldier, for safe transportation. (With good ballistic and mine protection).
      A direct battle with an armored personnel carrier is possible only if the unit on the march in the convoy is ambushed. This is where survivability and speed are needed, to quickly get out of the shelling.

      BMP should already be reliably protected in order to fight in the second line.
      At the General Staff, with the module ,, Bahcha ,, not seaworthy.

      In the first line, in direct fire contact, MBT, BTR- / BMP-T.

      Caterpillar and wheel: complementing each other

      FOR MARINE AND AIRBORNE AND THAT AND OTHER.BBM, on a wheeled and tracked chassis, with unification of units and assemblies is not less than 70%. And always excellent seaworthiness.
      Currently, in metal it is only Swedish SEP.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 30 December 2013 09: 47
        0
        the unit on the march in the convoy was ambushed. This is where survivability and speed are needed, quickly getting out of the shelling.

        if the ambush is competent - where the hell are you going to go, but not competent - there’s nothing to leave.
        Speed ​​and mobility are rather logistic characteristics.
  4. makarov
    makarov 27 December 2013 11: 08
    0
    The material is interesting, but unfortunately there is no author’s conclusion and justification.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 27 December 2013 11: 13
      +6
      Quote: makarov
      but unfortunately there is no author’s conclusion and justification.

      Is he really needed? The beauty of a purely informational article is that it makes you turn on your brains and draw conclusions yourself. IMHO. hi
  5. Vadim-61
    Vadim-61 27 December 2013 11: 46
    +3
    CV90 Armadillo has unprotected final drives in front (or maybe these are "sloths").

    dumb ...
    1. bask
      bask 27 December 2013 22: 29
      0
      The existing Rheinmetall Marder tracked infantry fighting vehicle should be replaced by the Puma tracked infantry fighting vehicle.

      The beginning of the development of the Puma BMP 94-96 year.
      A BMP TH-595 development began in the late 1980s.

      It was the BMP / BTR BBM, TH-495, developed by Thyssen-Henschel, later incorporated into Rheinmetall, that was supposed to replace the Marder BMP.

  6. itr
    itr 27 December 2013 12: 10
    0
    I think the future is for helicopters
    caterpillars and the wheel is used simply because it is cheap
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 27 December 2013 12: 48
      +1
      Quote: itr
      I think the future is for helicopters
      caterpillars and the wheel is used simply because it is cheap

      The future belongs to unmanned systems. wink
      1. itr
        itr 27 December 2013 14: 11
        +2
        I meant BMP!
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 27 December 2013 14: 28
          +1
          Quote: itr
          I meant BMP!

          Why is an unmanned BMP bad? request


      2. itr
        itr 27 December 2013 14: 11
        0
        I meant BMP!
  7. Avenich
    Avenich 27 December 2013 13: 18
    +1
    Interestingly, and the removable caterpillars, apparently, finally lost their relevance.
  8. msv
    msv 27 December 2013 15: 46
    +1
    "As for the balance of the number of armored combat vehicles with different running gear, the author is right. But here we must remember for what tasks these vehicles were created. This is with regards to the choice of a wheel-caterpillar.
    As for the type of weapons, reservations, the number of seats - the same question is at the forefront, but on the other hand, what the machine does is transporting or fighting. Or both at once.
    It is foolish to turn an armored personnel carrier into a monster like a BMPT or a tank. An armored personnel carrier should not enter into a direct collision with an adversary. A BMP can fight, but to a limited extent.
    From here it is worth dancing. "
    In general, I agree with you and with the author. If you take Europe with its network of roads, wheeled BMs are much more efficient, more mobile in operational terms.
    "... By the way, it is very interesting to look at the new Kurganets and Boomerang. For what tasks they were created and what they were given."
    We have, as always, under the universal. And this has its disadvantages and advantages.
  9. alone
    alone 27 December 2013 20: 23
    0
    Of course, armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles look beautiful and comfortable. South Africa has particularly interesting designs. South Africa has a wide range of wheeled MPDs, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and even self-propelled guns on wheels.
  10. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 28 December 2013 12: 26
    0
    Based on the setting of tasks in combat operations, respectively, and the equipment should be appropriate.
    Wheeled vehicles are more suitable for quick response units (where speed and efficiency are important), for capturing advanced bridgeheads or for quickly occupying the desired area, as well as reconnaissance, patrolling and escorting transport convoys (convoys), evacuating wounded soldiers.
    Tracked vehicles are more suitable for subunits of the "second echelon" (in offensive operations) or for defense forces where such qualities as enhanced maneuvering capabilities (the ability of tracked vehicles to turn around its axis), better maneuverability and protection, and direct fire support of their troops are more important in technology.
    (IMHO) something like this. yes
  11. tankuz
    tankuz 30 December 2013 14: 05
    +1
    As an option of an armored personnel carrier on a tracked platform, I am currently building a model of a heavy armored personnel carrier based on the T-62.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 6 January 2014 11: 18
      0
      Quote: tankuz
      model of a heavy armored personnel carrier based on the T-62

      The T-62 suspension is unpromising: a vehicle based on it will not be able to move in a column at the speed of modern tanks (heavy rollers [280kg], short stroke).

      It would be better if the chassis of the T-80 tanks removed from service was better.
      1. tankuz
        tankuz 8 January 2014 10: 58
        0
        I agree. It’s just that I had the T-62 model on hand and converted it to a heavy armored personnel carrier.
        Here's a photo of the alteration of the T-80 on an APC to mine.
  12. tankuz
    tankuz 30 December 2013 14: 09
    0
    Crew 3 people Driving wheels front. Landing behind. Defensive weapons a remotely controlled turret with a heavy machine gun and anti-tank systems.
  13. tankuz
    tankuz 30 December 2013 14: 13
    0
    Landing is carried out behind the machine.
    1. gjv
      gjv 1 October 2014 18: 27
      0
      Is it a T-80UD or a model with a gas turbine engine? And still it is not clear where the landing, where the engine. On the T-80 chassis, the engine seems to be behind. In appearance there should be a low-profile machine. It is not clear where the paratroopers will be landing, from the sides in the lying position, crawling, or under the bottom between the tracks? And how many paratroopers with weapons?
      There was (or is there?) Such a machine - Ladoga. So, according to information in Wikipedia, it is for the evacuation of command personnel and there are 2 people. - crew and 4 people. - "passengers". Seems not enough for a combat armored personnel carrier.
    2. gjv
      gjv 1 October 2014 18: 27
      0
      Is it a T-80UD or a model with a gas turbine engine? And still it is not clear where the landing, where the engine. On the T-80 chassis, the engine seems to be behind. In appearance there should be a low-profile machine. It is not clear where the paratroopers will be landing, from the sides in the lying position, crawling, or under the bottom between the tracks? And how many paratroopers with weapons?
      There was (or is there?) Such a machine - Ladoga. So, according to information in Wikipedia, it is for the evacuation of command personnel and there are 2 people. - crew and 4 people. - "passengers". Seems not enough for a combat armored personnel carrier.